keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Blood thinner

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207927/attenuated-airway-hyperresponsiveness-and-mucus-secretion-in-hdm-exposed-igf1r-deficient-mice
#1
S Piñeiro-Hermida, J A Gregory, I P López, R Torrens, C Ruíz-Martínez, M Adner, J G Pichel
BACKGROUND: Asthma is a common chronic lung disease characterized by airflow obstruction, airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR) and inflammation. IGFs have been reported to play a role in asthma but little is known about how the Insulin-like Growth Factor 1 Receptor (IGF1R) affects asthma pathobiology. METHODS: Female Igf1r-deficient and control mice were intranasally challenged with house dust mite (HDM) extract or PBS five days per week for four weeks. Lung function measurements, and bronchioalveolar lavage fluid (BALF), serum and lungs were collected on day 28 for further cellular, histological and molecular analysis...
February 16, 2017: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167392/perivascular-extracellular-matrix-hydrogels-mimic-native-matrix-microarchitecture-and-promote-angiogenesis-via-basic-fibroblast-growth-factor
#2
George R Fercana, Saigopalakrishna Yerneni, Marie Billaud, Jennifer C Hill, Paul VanRyzin, Tara D Richards, Brian M Sicari, Scott A Johnson, Stephen F Badylak, Phil G Campbell, Thomas G Gleason, Julie A Phillippi
Extracellular matrix (ECM)-derived bioscaffolds have been shown to elicit tissue repair through retention of bioactive signals. Given that the adventitia of large blood vessels is a richly vascularized microenvironment, we hypothesized that perivascular ECM contains bioactive signals that influence cells of blood vessel lineages. ECM bioscaffolds were derived from decellularized human and porcine aortic adventitia (hAdv and pAdv, respectively) and then shown have minimal DNA content and retain elastin and collagen proteins...
April 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162198/-a-preliminary-study-on-macular-retinal-and-choroidal-thickness-and-blood-flow-change-after-posterior-scleral-reinforcement-by-optical-coherence-tomography-angiography
#3
X F Zhang, L Y Qiao, X X Li, N Ma, M Li, Z Guan, H Z Wang, N L Wang
Objective: To investigate macular retinal and choroidal thickness and blood flow change using optical coherence tomography angiography after posterior scleral reinforcement (PSR) surgery. Methods: Prospective study. Twenty eyes of 10 patients with high myopia were enrolled in this open-label, single-treatment group and prospective study. Radial lines and Angio retina (3 mm×3 mm) module were performed for 20 eyes using Angio-vue optical coherence tomography (Avanti, Optovue) without pupil dilation, and best corrected visual acuity, spherical equivalent and axial length were compared before and 60 days after surgery...
January 11, 2017: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150370/clinical-classification-and-treatment-of-cesarean-scar-pregnancy
#4
Hongwen Zhang, Jingrui Huang, Xianqing Wu, Hong Fan, Han Li, Tian Gao
AIM: Embryo implantation in a cesarean scar resulting in a cesarean scar pregnancy (CSP) is a special form of ectopic pregnancy. The aim of this article is to present our clinical classification and therapeutic strategy for CSP and to assess the efficacy, safety, and social benefits. METHODS: We categorized CSP as either risky or stable. Risky CSP have a high risk of severe hemorrhage and should be treated immediately, while stable CSP patients have neither obvious vaginal bleeding nor significantly elevated serum β-human chorionic gonadotrophin (β-hCG)...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115056/the-clinical-outcome-of-cesarean-scar-pregnancies-implanted-on-the-scar-versus-in-the-niche
#5
Andrea Kaelin Agten, Giuseppe Cali, Ana Monteagudo, Johana Oviedo, Joanne Ramos, Ilan Timor-Tritsch
BACKGROUND: The term "cesarean scar pregnancy" (CSP) refers to placental implantation within the scar of a prior cesarean delivery. The rising numbers of cesarean deliveries in the last decades have lead to an increased incidence of CSP. Complications of CSP include: morbidly adherent placenta, uterine rupture, severe hemorrhage, and preterm labor. It is suspected that CSPs implanted within a dehiscent scar ("niche") behave differently compared to those implanted on top of a well healed scar...
January 20, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109602/strategies-to-gain-body-condition-score-in-pasture-based-dairy-cows-during-late-lactation-and-the-far-off-nonlactating-period-and-their-interaction-with-close-up-dry-matter-intake
#6
J R Roche, A Heiser, M D Mitchell, M A Crookenden, C G Walker, J K Kay, M Vailati Riboni, J J Loor, S Meier
In pasture-based systems, cows are generally thinner at the end of lactation than cows fed total mixed rations and, as a result, over-feeding of metabolizable energy (ME) during the far-off nonlactating period is a standard management policy to achieve optimum calving body condition score (BCS). An alternative would be to manage cows to gain BCS through late lactation, such that cows ended lactation close to optimum calving BCS and maintenance of BCS through to calving. We sought to quantify the effect of moderate or excessive ME intakes during the far-off nonlactating period in cows that had been managed to gain or maintain BCS through late lactation and whether the far-off management strategy interacted with close-up level of feeding...
March 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107102/effects-of-traditional-chinese-medicine-dilong-injection-on-random-skin-flap-survival-in-rats
#7
Lina Xu, Dingsheng Lin, Bin Cao, Dongnan Ping
BACKGROUND: Dilong injection as a medicinal preparation extracted from earthworm in traditional Chinese medicine, is used to activate blood circulation and remove blood stasis. In this research, we aim to investigate its potential effect on random skin flap survival in rat models. MATERIALS AND METHODS: McFarlane flaps were established in 60 male Sprague-Dawley rats randomly divided into two groups: the control group and the Dilong injection group. Diong injection group was injected with the Diong injection (4 mL/kg) once a day for seven days, and the control group was given an equal volume of saline solution...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100919/preventive-effect-of-eucommia-leaf-extract-on-aortic-media-hypertrophy-in-wistar-kyoto-rats-fed-a-high-fat-diet
#8
Shingo Hosoo, Masahiro Koyama, Akira Watanabe, Ryuya Ishida, Tetsuya Hirata, Yasuyo Yamaguchi, Hiroo Yamasaki, Keiji Wada, Yukihito Higashi, Kozo Nakamura
Eucommia ulmoides Oliver leaf extract (ELE) has been shown to have anti-hypertensive and anti-obesity effects in rats that are fed a high-fat diet (HFD). To explore the effects of chronic administration of ELE on body weight, blood pressure and aortic media thickness, 7-week-old male Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats were orally administered a normal diet, a 30% HFD, or a 5% ELE plus HFD ad libitum for 10 weeks. The HFD treatment caused mild obesity and hypertension in the normotensive rats, while rats receiving both ELE and the HFD had significantly lower body weights, less visceral and perirenal fat, lower blood pressure and thinner aortic media than the control rats receiving the HFD only...
January 19, 2017: Hypertension Research: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100834/soft-robotic-sleeve-supports-heart-function
#9
Ellen T Roche, Markus A Horvath, Isaac Wamala, Ali Alazmani, Sang-Eun Song, William Whyte, Zurab Machaidze, Christopher J Payne, James C Weaver, Gregory Fishbein, Joseph Kuebler, Nikolay V Vasilyev, David J Mooney, Frank A Pigula, Conor J Walsh
There is much interest in form-fitting, low-modulus, implantable devices or soft robots that can mimic or assist in complex biological functions such as the contraction of heart muscle. We present a soft robotic sleeve that is implanted around the heart and actively compresses and twists to act as a cardiac ventricular assist device. The sleeve does not contact blood, obviating the need for anticoagulation therapy or blood thinners, and reduces complications with current ventricular assist devices, such as clotting and infection...
January 18, 2017: Science Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050380/coincidental-finding-of-beta-thalassaemia-minor-in-a-patient-of-lacquer-thinner-poisoning-presenting-as-methaemoglobinemia
#10
Charu Agarwal, Anisha Mohanpuria, Gurdeep Buxi, Vijay Kumar
Lacquer thinner, commonly used for removing household paints, is known to contain various aromatic hydrocarbons and naphtha; if ingested, may cause methaemoglobinemia. We report a case of 13-year-old girl who presented with episodes of vomiting, abdominal pain and numbness of limbs. Peripheral blood smear showed few fragmented erythrocytes and 10-12 nucleated red blood cells /100 white blood cells. Reticulocyte count was 15% with presence of Heinz bodies. There was a history of accidental ingestion of lacquer paint thinner...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926751/ocular-perfusion-pressure-and-choroidal-thickness-in-early-age-related-macular-degeneration-patients-with-reticular-pseudodrusen
#11
Cheolmin Yun, Jaemoon Ahn, Minjung Kim, Soon-Young Hwang, Seong-Woo Kim, Jaeryung Oh
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between the ocular perfusion pressure (OPP) and subfoveal choroidal thickness (CT) in eyes with early age-related macular degeneration (AMD) with or without reticular pseudodrusen (RPD). Methods: We evaluated the clinical history, blood pressure parameters, fundus photography, and optical coherence tomography images of consecutive patients with early AMD. We calculated the mean OPP from blood pressure and intraocular pressure...
December 1, 2016: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907041/carotid-atherosclerosis-cerebrospinal-fluid-pressure-and-retinal-vessel-diameters-the-asymptomatic-polyvascular-abnormalities-in-community-study
#12
Jing Yan Yang, Xuan Yang, Yang Li, Jie Xu, Yong Zhou, An Xin Wang, Xiang Gao, Liang Xu, Shou Ling Wu, Wen Bin Wei, Xing Quan Zhao, Jost B Jonas
PURPOSE: To assess relationships between carotid artery atherosclerosis and retinal arteriolar and venular diameters. METHODS: The community-based longitudinal Asymptomatic Polyvascular Abnormalities Community Study (APAC) included a sub-population of the Kailuan study which consisted of 101,510 employees and retirees of a coal mining industry. Based on the Chinese National Census 2010 and excluding individuals with history of cerebrovascular ischemic events, 4004 individuals were included into the APAC...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897005/strategies-for-equitable-pharmacogenomic-guided-warfarin-dosing-among-european-and-african-american-individuals-in-a-clinical-population
#13
Laura K Wiley, Jacob P Vanhouten, David C Samuels, Melinda C Aldrich, Dan M Roden, Josh F Peterson, Joshua C Denny
The blood thinner warfarin has a narrow therapeutic range and high inter- and intra-patient variability in therapeutic doses. Several studies have shown that pharmacogenomic variants help predict stable warfarin dosing. However, retrospective and randomized controlled trials that employ dosing algorithms incorporating pharmacogenomic variants under perform in African Americans. This study sought to determine if: 1) including additional variants associated with warfarin dose in African Americans, 2) predicting within single ancestry groups rather than a combined population, or 3) using percentage African ancestry rather than observed race, would improve warfarin dosing algorithms in African Americans...
2016: Pacific Symposium on Biocomputing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876349/morphological-study-on-the-pressure-ulcer-like-dermal-lesions-formed-in-the-rat-heel-skin-after-transection-of-the-sciatic-nerves
#14
Daijiro Haba, Chie Minami, Miki Miyagawa, Takamitsu Arakawa, Akinori Miki
Due to transection of bilateral sciatic nerves, pressure ulcer-like dermal lesion occurred in the hairy skin covering of the heel skin in almost all rats. In the present study, chronological changes of the rat heel skin after the transection were morphologically and immunohistochemically examined. In the heel skin, redness and swelling began by 3days after the operation, and open wound formed by 17days. At the redness and swelling stage, edema extensively occurred in the dermis. At the thickening stage, the epidermis at the pressed site became transiently thicker, and at the whitening stage, rapidly thinner...
January 2017: Acta Histochemica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861592/hyperoxia-induced-proliferative-retinopathy-early-interruption-of-retinal-vascular-development-with-severe-and-irreversible-neurovascular-disruption
#15
Michelle Lajko, Herminio J Cardona, Joann M Taylor, Ronil S Shah, Kathryn N Farrow, Amani A Fawzi
Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is a major cause of neonatal morbidity in premature infants, occurring as a result of arrested lung development combined with multiple postnatal insults. Infants with BPD exposed to supplemental oxygen are at risk of retinopathy of prematurity as well. Thus, we studied the effects of hyperoxia on the retinal vasculature in a murine model of BPD. The retinal phenotype of this model, which we termed hyperoxia-induced proliferative retinopathy (HIPR), shows severe disruption of retinal vasculature and loss of vascular patterning, disorganized intra-retinal angiogenesis, inflammation and retinal detachment...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847633/automated-macular-choroidal-thickness-measurement-by-swept-source-optical-coherence-tomography-in-pseudoxanthoma-elasticum
#16
Rosa Dolz-Marco, María Andreu-Fenoll, Pablo Hernández-Martínez, M Dolores Pinazo-Durán, Roberto Gallego-Pinazo
INTRODUCTION: Pseudoxanthoma elasticum (PXE) typically involves elastic fibers in blood vessels and Bruch membrane. Our purpose was to analyze retinal and choroidal macular thickness in patients with angioid streaks due PXE compared with a control group. METHODS: Best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), axial length (AL), and macular swept-source optical coherence tomography were obtained. Automated segmentations of the retina and the choroid were used to obtain the corresponding thickness values...
2016: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806382/evaluation-of-choroidal-thickness-in-children-with-iron-deficiency-anemia
#17
Ali Simsek, Mehmet Tekin, Abdurrahman Bilen, Ayse Sevgi Karadag, Ibrahim Hakan Bucak, Mehmet Turgut
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine whether there are differences in choroidal thickness in children with iron deficiency anemia (IDA). Methods: Fifty-two patients with IDA and 54 healthy children between 3 and 16 years of age were enrolled in this study. After complete eye examinations were conducted for each participant, the choroidal thickness was measured using optical coherence tomography. Correlations between the choroidal thickness and clinical and laboratory parameters were also evaluated...
November 1, 2016: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769587/deep-retinal-layer-microvasculature-dropout-detected-by-the-optical-coherence-tomography-angiography-in-glaucoma
#18
Min Hee Suh, Linda M Zangwill, Patricia Isabel C Manalastas, Akram Belghith, Adeleh Yarmohammadi, Felipe A Medeiros, Alberto Diniz-Filho, Luke J Saunders, Robert N Weinreb
PURPOSE: To investigate factors associated with dropout of the parapapillary deep retinal layer microvasculature assessed by optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) in glaucomatous eyes. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. PARTICIPANTS: Seventy-one eyes from 71 primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) patients with β-zone parapapillary atrophy (βPPA) enrolled in the Diagnostic Innovations in Glaucoma Study. METHODS: Parapapillary deep-layer microvasculature dropout was defined as a complete loss of the microvasculature located within the deep retinal layer of the βPPA from OCTA-derived optic nerve head vessel density maps by standardized qualitative assessment...
October 18, 2016: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27767056/alteration-of-blood-clot-structures-by-interleukin-1-beta-in-association-with-bone-defects-healing
#19
Xin Wang, Thor E Friis, Paul P Masci, Ross W Crawford, Wenbo Liao, Yin Xiao
The quality of hematomas are crucial for successful early bone defect healing, as the structure of fibrin clots can significantly influence the infiltration of cells, necessary for bone regeneration, from adjacent tissues into the fibrin network. This study investigated if there were structural differences between hematomas from normal and delayed healing bone defects and whether such differences were linked to changes in the expression of IL-1β. Using a bone defect model in rats, we found that the hematomas in the delayed healing model had thinner fibers and denser clot structures...
October 21, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27750290/spatial-distribution-of-macular-pigment-in-an-elderly-french-population-the-montrachet-study
#20
Seydou Alassane, Christine Binquet, Louis Arnould, Olivier Fleck, Niyazi Acar, Cécile Delcourt, Lionel Bretillon, Alain M Bron, Catherine Creuzot-Garcher
Purpose: We describe the spatial distribution and cross-sectional associations with physical and lifestyle attributes. Methods: The participants of the Montrachet (Maculopathy Optic Nerve, nuTRition neurovAsCular and HEarT) study underwent an exhaustive ophthalmologic examination, including optical coherence tomography, to measure retinal thickness. The spatial distribution of macular pigment optical density (MPOD) defined as a ring-like, intermediate or no-ring pattern, was assessed by means of the two-wavelength autofluorescence technique...
August 1, 2016: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
keyword
keyword
50766
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"