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Benjamin M Scirica, Deepak L Bhatt, Eugene Braunwald, Itamar Raz, Matthew A Cavender, KyungAh Im, Ofri Mosenzon, Jacob A Udell, Boaz Hirshberg, Pia S Pollack, Ph Gabriel Steg, Petr Jarolim, David A Morrow
Importance: Cardiac biomarkers provide insights into pathophysiologic processes and offer an attractive strategy for the assessment of cardiovascular risk. Objective: To assess the incremental prognostic value of biomarkers that reflect different pathophysiologic processes in patients with type 2 diabetes. Design, Setting, and Participants: The Saxagliptin Assessment of Vascular Outcomes Recorded in Patients with Diabetes Mellitus (SAVOR)-Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) 53 is a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial that evaluated the safety of saxagliptin vs placebo in 16 492 outpatients with type 2 diabetes with overt cardiovascular disease (CVD) or multiple risk factors...
September 28, 2016: JAMA Cardiology
Ivan Tkáč, Itamar Raz
OBJECTIVE: Data on the possible relationship of gliptin treatment to the incidence of acute pancreatitis have been controversial. The aim of the current study was to combine data on the incidence of acute pancreatitis from three large randomized controlled trials. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Three trials designed to test cardiovascular safety and efficacy of add-on treatment with a gliptin were included in the analysis, as follows: SAVOR-TIMI 53 (saxagliptin), EXAMINE (alogliptin), and TECOS (sitagliptin)...
September 22, 2016: Diabetes Care
Carole Joffe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 14, 2016: Contraception
Daisuke Yabe, Yutaka Seino
Incretin-based dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors and glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists are newer choices of antidiabetic medications that are now most widely used worldwide. Preclinical study results suggest that the two drugs potentially exert benefits to prevent onsets and/or progressions of diabetes-related complications, such as myocardial infarctions and strokes. Outcomes of five clinical trials to evaluate the cardiovascular (CV) safety of dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors and glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonist have been recently reported...
September 9, 2016: Journal of Diabetes Investigation
Angelo Avogaro, Gian Paolo Fadini, Giorgio Sesti, Enzo Bonora, Stefano Del Prato
Diabetic patients suffer from a high rate of cardiovascular events and such risk increases with HbA1c. However, lowering HbA1c does not appear to yield the same benefit on macrovascular endpoints, as observed for microvascular endpoints. As the number of glucose-lowering medications increases, clinicians have to consider several open questions in the management of type 2 diabetes, one of which is the cardiovascular risk profile of each regimen. Recent placebo-controlled cardiovascular outcome trials (CVOTs) have responded to some of these questions, but careful interpretation is needed...
2016: Cardiovascular Diabetology
Henry C Y Ho, Moses Mui, Alice Wan, Yin-Lam Ng, Sunita M Stewart, Carol Yew, Tai Hing Lam, Sophia S Chan
Urban families worldwide are often characterized by busy working lives which leave little time for family gatherings and communication. The Happy Family Kitchen project, which emphasized cooking and dining with family members, was conducted in a deprived district in Hong Kong. We hypothesized that the community-based family intervention, derived from a positive psychology framework, can improve family communication, family well-being, and subjective happiness. Twenty-three social service units organized and delivered the intervention programs for 1,419 individuals from 612 families...
September 2016: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Henry C Y Ho, Moses Mui, Alice Wan, Yin-Lam Ng, Sunita M Stewart, Carol Yew, Tai Hing Lam, Sophia S Chan
BACKGROUND: Most positive psychology interventions conducted in the West have been focused on the individual. Family relationships are highly valued in the Chinese collectivist culture, and it is of interest to know whether family-focused interventions can improve the well-being of Chinese people. We have previously reported the effectiveness of a positive psychology family intervention in terms of family well-being. Based on the data derived from the Happy Family Kitchen II project, this paper examines the effectiveness of a community-based positive psychology family intervention on subjective happiness and health-related quality of life...
2016: Trials
Guntram Schernthaner, Avivit Cahn, Itamar Raz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Diabetes Care
R C Bonadonna, C Borghi, A Consoli, M Volpe
AIMS: Diabetes treatments aim at preventing undesirable metabolic effects of hyperglycemia and at preventing/reducing tissue damage, including cardiovascular (CV) events. For approval, novel diabetes drugs undergo early systematic investigation to assess CV safety. This review provides an updated analysis of the results of recent studies examining novel diabetes medications and CV outcomes. DATA SYNTHESIS: The new regulatory guidelines enforce adjudication of all CV events when testing novel diabetes drugs...
September 2016: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
Saumya Reddy Kankanala, Rafay Syed, Quan Gong, Boxu Ren, Xiaoquan Rao, Jixin Zhong
The cardiovascular safety of DPP4 inhibitors as a class, especially in regards to heart failure, has been questioned after the publication of first trials (SAVOR-TIMI 53 and EXAMINE) assessing the cardiovascular risks of DPP4 inhibitors alogliptin and sitagliptin in 2013. Although there were no increased risks in composite cardiovascular outcomes, the SAVOR-TIMI 53 trial reported a 27% increase in hospitalization for heart failure in diabetic patients who received the DPP4 inhibitor saxagliptin. There has been substantial increase in knowledge on the heart failure effect of DPP4 inhibition since 2013...
2016: American Journal of Translational Research
Robyn Webb
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Diabetes Forecast
Lewis J Radonovich, Mary T Bessesen, Derek A Cummings, Aaron Eagan, Charlotte Gaydos, Cynthia Gibert, Geoffrey J Gorse, Ann-Christine Nyquist, Nicholas G Reich, Maria Rodrigues-Barradas, Connie Savor-Price, Ronald E Shaffer, Michael S Simberkoff, Trish M Perl
BACKGROUND: Although N95 filtering facepiece respirators and medical masks are commonly used for protection against respiratory infections in healthcare settings, more clinical evidence is needed to understand the optimal settings and exposure circumstances for healthcare personnel to use these devices. A lack of clinically germane research has led to equivocal, and occasionally conflicting, healthcare respiratory protection recommendations from public health organizations, professional societies, and experts...
2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
Avivit Cahn, Itamar Raz, Ofri Mosenzon, Gil Leibowitz, Ilan Yanuv, Aliza Rozenberg, Nayyar Iqbal, Boaz Hirshberg, Mikaela Sjostrand, Christina Stahre, KyungAh Im, Estella Kanevsky, Benjamin M Scirica, Deepak L Bhatt, Eugene Braunwald
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the impact of adding saxagliptin versus placebo on the risk for hypoglycemia and to identify predictors of any and major hypoglycemia in patients with type 2 diabetes included in the Saxagliptin Assessment of Vascular Outcomes Recorded in Patients with Diabetes Mellitus-Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction 53 (SAVOR-TIMI 53) study. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Patients with type 2 diabetes (n = 16,492) were randomized to saxagliptin or placebo and followed for a median of 2...
August 2016: Diabetes Care
Henry C Y Ho, Moses Mui, Alice Wan, Yin-Lam Ng, Sunita M Stewart, Carol Yew, Tai Hing Lam, Sophia S Chan
Long working hours and stressful urban lifestyles pose major challenges to family communication and well-being in Hong Kong. A community-based family intervention derived from a positive psychology framework, by using cooking and dining as a platform, was developed for improving family communication and well-being. Social workers and teachers from 31 social service units and schools in collaboration with an academic partner organized and conducted the intervention programs for 2,070 individuals from 973 families in a deprived district in Hong Kong...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
Jessica Pepe, Daniele Diacinti, Emanuela Fratini, Italo Nofroni, Antonella D'Angelo, Roberta Pilotto, Claudio Savoriti, Luciano Colangelo, Orlando Raimo, Mirella Cilli, Cristiana Cipriani, Salvatore Minisola
OBJECTIVE: The prevalence of abdominal aortic calcification (AAC) in primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) is unknown. We assessed both prevalence and severity of AAC in PHPT postmenopausal women. METHODS: In this study 70 PHPT postmenopausal women and 70 age- and sex-matched controls were enrolled. Each participant underwent biochemical evaluation, lateral spine radiograph, bone mineral density (BMD) measurement (lumbar, femoral, radial sites), and kidney ultrasound...
August 2016: European Journal of Endocrinology
Karima Dhaouadi, Manel Belkhir, Faten Raboudi, Elsa Mecha, Imen Ghommeme, Maria Do Rosario Bronze, Hajer Ammar, Sami Fattouch
The chemical stability of the green tea (GT) preparation during refrigerated storage was investigated following the addition of mint (MS) or pomegranate (PS) syrups, a common habit in the Mediterranean countries that improves the savor of this popular beverage. The supernatants recovered by centrifuging GT supplemented or not with mint (GTMS) or pomegranate (GTPS) syrup were examined for their polyphenolic profiles using the high performance liquid chromatography with diode array detection and electrospray ionization-mass spectrometry...
February 2016: Journal of Food Science and Technology
Angelo Avogaro
The risk of morbidity and mortality from cardiovascular disease in patients with type 2 diabetes is about 2-fold higher compared to their non-diabetic counterparts. In December 2008, the Food and Drug Administration published guidelines for the evaluation of cardiovascular risk in new antidiabetic therapies. A shift of emphasis occurred from short-term glycated hemoglobin-centered trials to trials testing cardiovascular safety. The SAVOR-TIMI 53 and the EXAMINE trials with the dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (DPP-4) inhibitors saxagliptin and alogliptin were cardiovascular neutral...
April 2016: Giornale Italiano di Cardiologia
Eric L Garland, Norman A Farb, Philippe Goldin, Barbara L Fredrickson
Contemporary scholarship on mindfulness casts it as a form of purely non-evaluative engagement with experience. Yet, traditionally mindfulness was not intended to operate in a vacuum of dispassionate observation, but was seen as facilitative of eudaimonic mental states. In spite of this historical context, modern psychological research has neglected to ask the question of how the practice of mindfulness affects downstream emotion regulatory processes to impact the sense of meaning in life. To fill this lacuna, here we describe the Mindfulness-to-Meaning Theory, from which we derive a novel process model of mindful positive emotion regulation informed by affective science, in which mindfulness is proposed to introduce flexibility in the generation of cognitive appraisals by enhancing interoceptive attention, thereby expanding the scope of cognition to facilitate reappraisal of adversity and savoring of positive experience...
October 1, 2015: Psychological Inquiry
Eric L Garland
Though valuation processes are fundamental to survival of the human species, hedonic dysregulation is at the root of an array of maladies, including addiction, stress, and chronic pain, as evidenced by the allostatic shift in the relative salience of natural reward to drug reward observed among persons with severe substance use disorders. To address this crucial problem, novel interventions are needed to restore hedonic regulatory processes gone awry in persons exhibiting addictive behaviors. This article describes a theoretical rationale and empirical evidence for the effects of one such new intervention, Mindfulness-Oriented Recovery Enhancement (MORE), on top-down and bottom-up mechanisms implicated in cognitive control and hedonic regulation...
June 2016: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
Wai Kai Hou, Kam Man Lau, Sin Man Ng, Ashley Chi Kin Cheng, Tracy Chui Yu Shum, Sheung-Tak Cheng, Hester Yui Shan Cheung
BACKGROUND: This study investigated the associations of savoring with cancer-specific physical symptoms, psychological distress, and psychological well-being and the moderating effect of savoring in the associations between physical symptoms and psychological outcomes among cancer patients. METHODS: A total of 263 Chinese adults recently diagnosed with cancer (mean time since diagnosis = 43.72 days, SD = 38.20) were recruited and administered a questionnaire assessing cancer-specific physical symptoms, perceived capability of savoring the moment, psychological distress, and psychological well-being within six months following diagnosis...
March 16, 2016: Psycho-oncology
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