Read by QxMD icon Read


Yixin Zhang, Ningbo Xu, Yan Ding, Yiting Zhang, Qian Li, Jerry Flores, Mina Haghighiabyaneh, Desislava Doycheva, Jiping Tang, John H Zhang
Chemerin, an adipokine, has been reported to reduce the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines and neutrophil infiltration. This study investigated the role of Chemerin and its natural receptor, ChemR23, as well as its downstream mediator calmodulin-dependent protein kinase kinase 2 (CAMKK2) /adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK) /Nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) following germinal matrix hemorrhage (GMH) in neonatal rats, with a specific focus on inflammation. GMH was induced by intraparenchymal injection of bacterial collagenase (0...
February 27, 2018: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
David J Ferland, Bridget Seitz, Emma S Darios, Janice M Thompson, Steve T Yeh, Adam E Mullick, Stephanie W Watts
Chemerin is an inflammatory adipokine positively associated with hypertension and obesity. The majority of chemerin derives from the liver and adipose tissue, however, their individual contributions to blood pressure are unknown. We began studying chemerin in the normal rat using antisense oligonucleotides (ASO) with whole-body activity (Gen 2.5 chemerin ASO) or liver-restricted activity (GalNAc chemerin ASO). We hypothesized that in normotensive male SD rats, circulating chemerin is predominately liver-derived and regulates blood pressure...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
Lucyna Siemińska, Artur Borowski, Bogdan Marek, Mariusz Nowak, Dariusz Kajdaniuk, Jakub Warakomski, Beata Kos-Kudła
INTRODUCTION: Obesity and prostate cancer are related, but the causal relationship remains unknown. The aim of the study was to compare concentrations of leptin, adiponectin and chemerin in patients with prostate cancer and benign prostate hyperplasia and to examine associations of the adipokines with the grade of prostate cancer, interleukin-6 (IL-6), insulin resistance and anthropometric and metabolic variables. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study group consisted of 140 men divided into two groups: I- prostate cancer (n=74) and II- with benign hyperplasia (n=66)...
February 21, 2018: Endokrynologia Polska
Zhengjun Zhang, Jijun Wang, Hongmei Wang
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a form of clinical syndrome characterized by the fatty degeneration in liver histology and should be further investigated. The aim of the study was to investigate the effects of blood glucose, serum chemerin and insulin resistance on non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus to provide a basis for the prevention and treatment thereof. In total, 300 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus treated and admitted into the Endocrinology Department of our hospital from June 2015 to June 2017 were enrolled and divided into the simple type 2 diabetes mellitus (group A) and concurrent NAFLD (group B) groups...
March 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Zhaoxia Liang, Menglin Zhou, Xu-Kang Xu, Fan Qu, Danqing Chen
The present study aimed to explore the association between gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and Chemerin, by analysing Chemerin level, clinical data and biochemical parameters among 46 GDM patients and 43 controls. It was found that the Chemerin levels from cord blood, peripheral blood, adipose tissue and placenta tissue were all significantly higher in the GDM group than those in the control group (p < .05 for all). Maternal insulin resistance (IR) index and serum inflammation parameters, including C-reactive protein and white blood cells, were also higher in GDM group (p < ...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Fan Bai, Wen Zheng, Yan Dong, Juan Wang, Malgorzata A Garstka, Ruilian Li, Jingang An, Huiqun Ma
Purpose: To evaluate the association of serum levels of adipokines and cytokines with psoriasis. Materials and Methods: A comprehensive literature search was performed in PubMed, ScienceDirect and Web of Science for the available relevant studies published before December 1, 2016. Differences in serum marker levels between patients and controls were pooled as standardized mean differences (SMDs) with 95% confidence interval to combine the effect estimations. We also conducted stratified analysis, meta-regression analysis and sensitivity analysis...
January 2, 2018: Oncotarget
Elisabeth M Haberl, Rebekka Pohl, Lisa Rein-Fischboeck, Susanne Feder, Kristina Eisinger, Sabrina Krautbauer, Christopher J Sinal, Christa Buechler
OBJECTIVES: Chemerin is an adipokine with established roles in inflammation, adipogenesis and the regulation of glucose and lipid homeostasis. Extracellular proteolytic processing of chemerin generates a spectrum of isoforms that differ significantly with respect to the ability to activate the cognate receptors chemokine-like receptor 1 (CMKLR1) and G-protein-coupled receptor 1 (GPR1). Increased total serum chemerin has been widely reported in obese humans as well as in preclinical rodent models of adiposity...
February 6, 2018: Cytokine
Vanessa Sequeira Fontes, Felipe Silva Neves, Ana Paula Carlos Cândido
OBJECTIVE: To review findings on chemerin and factors related to cardiovascular risk in children and adolescents. DATA SOURCE: A systematic review was performed, according to the standards proposed by the PRISMA guideline, on PubMed, Science Direct, and Lilacs databases. The descriptor "chemerin" was used in combination with "children" and "adolescent", no time limit applied. The research encompassed only original articles written in English, conducted with human subjects - the adult and elderly populations excluded -, as well as literature reviews, brief communications, letters, and editorials...
January 15, 2018: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
Juris Lurins, Dace Lurina, Peteris Tretjakovs, Vitolds Mackevics, Aivars Lejnieks, Venerando Rapisarda, Vincenzo Baylon
Inflammation appears to be the cause of aortic valve (AoV) stenosis and identification of predictive biomarkers is therefore imperative. The aim of the current study was to evaluate the potential role of serum chemerin and fibroblast growth factor-21 (FGF-21) in the pathogenesis of the disease. A total of 102 patients were selected based on certain criteria and divided into an aortic stenosis group and a control group. Patients with AoV stenosis were subdivided into three groups depending on the severity according to the echocardiography criteria: Aortic jet velocity, Vmax (m/sec); mean pressure gradient, PG (mmHg); aortic valve area (AVA), cm2 ; and indexed AVA, cm2 /m2 ...
January 2018: Biomedical Reports
Namya Mellouk, Christelle Ramé, Joël Delaveau, Christophe Rat, Maxime Marchand, Frederic Mercerand, Angelique Travel, Aurelien Brionne, Pascal Chartrin, LinLin Ma, Pascal Froment, Joëlle Dupont
Overfed hens selected for their rapid growth become fatter and develop reproductive disorders. Herein, we aimed to demonstrate that food restriction leading to a weight reduction and/or a supplementation with fish oil may be effective in preventing reproductive disorders through the regulation of adipokine expression in broiler hens. This study included four groups of food restricted (Rt) or ad libitum hens (Ad, feeding at a rate 1.7 times greater than Rt hens) supplemented or unsupplemented with fish oil (1%)...
January 26, 2018: Reproduction: the Official Journal of the Society for the Study of Fertility
Zahra Hasanvand, Abdorrahim Sadeghi, Mohammad Reza Rezvanfar, Mohammad Taghi Goodarzi, Golzar Rahmannezhad, Farideh Jalali Mashayekhi
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is defined as hyperglycemia detected during pregnancy and its risk is increased with obesity. Chemerin, an adipokine, has been proposed as potential mediators of insulin resistance in GDM. This case-control study was designed to assess the relation between chemerin SNPs rs4721 (or rs10278590) and rs17173608 and the development of GDM. One hundred thirty GDM pregnant women with GDM and 160 healthy pregnant women were enrolled in this study. The diagnosis of GDM was based on the International Association of Diabetes and Pregnancy Study Group (IADPSG) criteria...
January 19, 2018: Gene
Francisco José Albuquerque de Paula, Clifford J Rosen
Adipocytes are heterogeneous cells strongly linked to energy storage and disposal. In parallel, adipocytes are endowed with an extensive portfolio of endocrine molecules, whose secretion varies depending on nutritional status. Marrow adipose tissue (MAT) has specific characteristics that are not shared by white (WAT) or brown (BAT) adipose tissue. First, marrow adipocytes and osteoblasts are terminally differentiated cells that originate from the same bone marrow mesenchymal stromal cell. Differently from WAT adipocytes, marrow adipocytes expand under conditions of energy restriction and seem to be not influenced by energy surplus, at least in humans...
December 12, 2017: Comprehensive Physiology
Ishwarlal Jialal, Sridevi Devaraj
Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a common global problem that comprises the cardio-metabolic cluster and predisposes to both diabetes and cardiovascular diseases. Although the pathogenic mechanisms have not been elucidated, both increased inflammation and insulin resistance play a pivotal role. It appears that both monocyte/macrophages and adipose tissue (AT) conspire to accentuate both the pro-inflammatory state and increased insulin resistance. Whilst there are scant data on visceral adipose tissue (VAT) and epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) biology, there are data on subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) dysregulation...
January 20, 2018: Hormone Molecular Biology and Clinical Investigation
Melanie Jannaway, Christopher Torrens, Jane A Warner, Anthony P Sampson
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Omega-6 fatty acid-derived lipid mediators such as prostanoids, thromboxane and leukotrienes have well-established roles in regulating both inflammation and smooth muscle contractility. Resolvins are derived from omega-3 fatty acids and have important roles in promoting the resolution of inflammation, but their activity on smooth muscle contractility is unknown. We investigated whether resolvin E1 (RvE1), resolvin D1 (RvD1) and resolvin D2 (RvD2) can modulate contractions of isolated segments of rat thoracic aorta (RTA) or human pulmonary artery (HPA) induced by the α1 -adrenoceptor agonist phenylephrine or the stable thromboxane A2 mimetic U46619...
January 20, 2018: British Journal of Pharmacology
Panayoula C Tsiotra, Panagiotis Halvatsiotis, Konstantinos Patsouras, Eirini Maratou, George Salamalekis, Sotirios A Raptis, George Dimitriadis, Eleni Boutati
Maternal adipose tissue and the placenta secrete various molecules commonly called adipokines such as chemerin, omentin-1, visfatin, adiponectin, and leptin that are important players in the pathogenesis of insulin resistance. Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is defined as a state of glucose intolerance characterized by β-cell dysfunction and insulin resistance. To examine whether circulating adipokines and their mRNA expression in the adipose tissue and the placenta are altered in GDM pregnancy, we compared 15 GDM women [obese (BMI > 30) and non-obese (BMI < 30)] to 23 NGT (normal glucose tolerance) women [obese and non-obese], at the time of the Cesarean section...
January 11, 2018: Peptides
Antoaneta Gateva, Yavor Assyov, Adelina Tsakova, Zdravko Kamenov
Background In the last decade, there has been an increased interest toward fat tissue as an endocrine organ that secretes many cytokines and bioactive mediators that play a role in insulin sensitivity, inflammation, coagulation and the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. The aim of this study was to investigate classical (adiponectin, leptin, resistin) and new (chemerin, vaspin, omentin) adipocytokine levels in subjects with prediabetes [impaired fasting glucose (IFG) and/or impaired glucose tolerance (IGT)] and obese subjects with normoglycemia...
January 15, 2018: Hormone Molecular Biology and Clinical Investigation
Göksel Şimşek Kaya, Günay Yapıcı Yavuz, Ahmet Kızıltunç
The synovial membrane and fluid are significantly involved in the pathogenesis of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorders. This study aimed to investigate the relation between levels of chemerin in the synovial fluid (SF) of patients with TMJ disorder and their relationship. Sixty samples of SF were obtained from patients with an internal derangement (ID) or osteoarthritis (OA). Chemerin in the SF was examined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The results showed greater levels of chemerin in the SF of patients with OA than ID...
January 13, 2018: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
Thomas Ebert, Claudia Gebhardt, Markus Scholz, Tobias Wohland, Dorit Schleinitz, Mathias Fasshauer, Matthias Blüher, Michael Stumvoll, Peter Kovacs, Anke Tönjes
Objective: Adipose tissue-derived signals potentially link obesity and adipose tissue dysfunction with metabolic and cardiovascular diseases. Although some adipocytokines have been closely related to metabolic and cardiovascular traits, it remains open which adipocytokine or adipocytokine cluster serve as meaningful marker of metabolic syndrome (MS) components. Therefore, this study investigates the associations of twelve adipocytokines with components of the MS to identify the most relevant cytokines potentially related to specific metabolic profiles...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Andrea Chiricozzi, Paolo Romanelli, Elisabetta Volpe, Giovanna Borsellino, Marco Romanelli
Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin disease, the immunologic model of which has been profoundly revised following recent advances in the understanding of its pathophysiology. In the current model, a crosstalk between keratinocytes, neutrophils, mast cells, T cells, and dendritic cells is thought to create inflammatory and pro-proliferative circuits mediated by chemokines and cytokines. Various triggers, including recently identified autoantigens, Toll-like receptor agonists, chemerin, and thymic stromal lymphopoietin may activate the pathogenic cascade resulting in enhanced production of pro-inflammatory and proliferation-inducing mediators such as interleukin (IL)-17, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, IL-23, IL-22, interferon (IFN)-α, and IFN-γ by immune cells...
January 8, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Min Liu, Xiaojing Lin, Xiaohui Wang
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to determine the effects of a 4-week aerobic exercise plus dieting intervention on serum chemerin in obese female adolescents and its possible role in mitigating cardio-metabolic risk including glucose and lipid metabolism, central fat and inflammation. METHODS: Fifty obese female adolescents were randomly divided into two groups: exercise plus dieting group (n=30) and dieting group (n=20). The participants in the exercise plus dieting group completed 4 weeks of moderate aerobic exercise combined with dieting, while the subjects in the dieting group undertook only dieting...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"