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Sen Bao Lu, Yun Ming Chen, Ya Kun Tang, Xu Wu, Jie Wen
Thermal dissipation probe (TDP) was used to continuously measure the sap flux density (Fd ) of Pinus tabuliformis and Hippophae rhamnoides individuals in hilly Loess Plateau, from June to October 2015, and the environmental factors, i.e., photosynthetic active radiation (PAR), water vapor pressure deficit (VPD), and soil water content (SWC), were simultaneously monitored to clarify the difference of rainfall utilization between the two tree species in a mixed plantation. Using the methods of a Threshold-delay model, stepwise multiple regression analyses, and partial correlation analyses, this paper studied the process of Fd in these two species in response to the rainfall pulses and then determined the effects of environmental factors on Fd ...
November 2017: Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao, the Journal of Applied Ecology
Hang Wang, Peng Fei Yan, Peng Fei Zhan, Xiao Ning Zhang, Zhen Ya Liu, Yu Jing Guo, De Rong Xiao
With litter bag methods, we examined mass loss rates and different chemical fractions of litters from two wetland plant species, Zizania caduciflora and Hippuris vulgaris. Those two species examined here varied significantly in their initial litter chemical traits. Experiment was performed under simulated rising temperature (1.5-2.0 ℃), and under three different habitats (air, air-water interface and water-soil interface). The results showed that, during one-year decomposition period, the mass resi-dual rates exhibited distinct seasonal dynamics, and there were strong interactive effects between seasonal dynamics and environmental factors...
February 2018: Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao, the Journal of Applied Ecology
Jia Wo, Xiu Xia Mou, Bin Duo Xu, Ying Xue, Chong Liang Zhang, Yi Ping Ren
Based on the data collected from the bottom trawl surveys in the coastal waters of northern Jiangsu Province from 2009 to 2014, multivariate statistical analysis and other integrated indices were used to analyze the variation in the community structure of fish assemblage over time in the waters. The results showed that 68 species had been caught in the coastal waters of northern Jiangsu Province. There were significant fluctuations in the relative density of fish resources. The mean catch mass per site ranged from 0...
January 2018: Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao, the Journal of Applied Ecology
Jing Yi Guo, Man Zhang, Xi Zhou Zhang, Ting Xuan Li, Lu Zhang, Fu Huang, Dong Ming Chen, Xian Ming Sun
The characteristics of cadmium (Cd) uptake kinetics in a pollution-safe rice variety of D62B were studied in a hydroponic experiment under different Cd levels and stress time, with a common variety Luhui17 as the control. The results showed that Cd uptake in root of D62B was significantly lower than that of Luhui17 under different stress times. The differences in Cd uptake of the two rice varieties increased with the extension of absorption time. Total Cd amount of Luhui17 was 1.3 times as much as that of D62B when the absorption time was 72 h...
January 2018: Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao, the Journal of Applied Ecology
Guo Wei Zhang, Chang Qin Yang, Rui Xian Liu, Wan Chao Ni
With early-maturing cotton cultivar CCRI-50 widely grown in China as experimental material, water culture experiment was conducted to study the effects of p-hydroxybenzoic acid and phloroglucinol with different concentrations (0.8, 4.0, and 20.0 mmol·L-1 ) on generation rate of reactive oxygen, changes of antioxidant enzyme activities and mitochondria function of cotton roots. Results showed that p-hydroxybenzoic acid and phloroglucinol treatments inhibited the cotton root growth, reduced SOD, POD, CAT and H+ -ATPase activities in root mitochondria, increased the generation rate of O2- · and H2 O2 content...
January 2018: Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao, the Journal of Applied Ecology
Paula Perez-Rodriguez, Drialys Cardenas-Morcoso, Ibadillah A Digdaya, Andrea Mangel Raventos, Paul Procel, Olindo Isabella, Sixto Gimenez, Miro Zeman, Wilson A Smith, Arno H M Smets
Amorphous silicon carbide (a-SiC:H) is a promising material for photoelectrochemical (PEC) water splitting due to its relatively small bandgap energy and high chemical and optoelectrical stability. This work studies the interplay between charge carrier separation and collection, and their injection into the electrolyte, when modifying the semiconductor/electrolyte interface. By introducing an n-doped nanocrystaline silicon oxide (nc-SiOx:H) layer into a p/i amorphous silicon carbide (a-SiC:H) photocathode, the photovoltage and photocurrent of the device can be significantly improved, reaching values higher than 0...
April 25, 2018: ChemSusChem
S-C Ou, H-L Lin, P-C Liu, H-J Huang, M-S Lee, Y-Y Lien, Y-L Tsai
Chicken infectious anaemia (CIA) is a disease with a highly economic impact in the poultry industry. The infected chickens are characterized by aplastic anaemia and extreme immunosuppression, followed by the increased susceptibility to secondary infectious pathogens and suboptimal immune responses for vaccination. Commercially available CIA vaccines are routinely used in the breeders in Taiwan to protect their progeny with maternal-derived antibodies. However, CIA cases still occur in the field and little is known about the genetic characteristics of Taiwanese chicken anaemia viruses (CAVs)...
April 25, 2018: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
Michael J Jelinek, Sang Mee Lee, Alicia Wyche Okpareke, Claudia Wing, Jay L Koyner, Patrick T Murray, Walter M Stadler, Peter H O' Donnell
Acute kidney injury (AKI) limits cisplatin use. We tested whether urine cystatin C (uCyC) and neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (uNGAL) can preidentify patients at risk for AKI. Patients initiating cisplatin-based chemotherapy were prospectively enrolled. uNGAL/uCyC were measured pre/post-cisplatin administration and compared with serum creatinine (sCr). AKI was defined as sCr increase ≥50% or ≥0.3 mg/dL above baseline. In all, 102 patients were enrolled; 95 provided evaluable data. Twenty-five patients developed AKI...
April 24, 2018: Clinical and Translational Science
Dmitriy N Feldman, Ehrin J Armstrong, Herbert D Aronow, Osvaldo S Gigliotti, Michael R Jaff, Andrew J Klein, Sahil A Parikh, Anand Prasad, Kenneth Rosenfield, Mehdi H Shishehbor, Rajesh V Swaminathan, Christopher J White
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 24, 2018: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
Arnold H Seto, Adhir Shroff, Mazen Abu-Fadel, James C Blankenship, Konstantinos Dean Boudoulas, Joaquin E Cigarroa, Gregory J Dehmer, Dmitriy N Feldman, Daniel M Kolansky, Kusum Lata, Rajesh V Swaminathan, Sunil V Rao
Since the publication of the 2009 SCAI Expert Consensus Document on Length of Stay Following percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), advances in vascular access techniques, stent technology, and antiplatelet pharmacology have facilitated changes in discharge patterns following PCI. Additional clinical studies have demonstrated the safety of early and same day discharge in selected patients with uncomplicated PCI, while reimbursement policies have discouraged unnecessary hospitalization. This consensus update: (1) clarifies clinical and reimbursement definitions of discharge strategies, (2) reviews the technological advances and literature supporting reduced hospitalization duration and risk assessment, and (3) describes changes to the consensus recommendations on length of stay following PCI (Supporting Information Table S1)...
April 24, 2018: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
Iro Xenidou-Dervou, Johannes E H Van Luit, Evelyn H Kroesbergen, Ilona Friso-van den Bos, Lisa M Jonkman, Menno van der Schoot, Ernest C D M van Lieshout
Research has identified various domain-general and domain-specific cognitive abilities as predictors of children's individual differences in mathematics achievement. However, research into the predictors of children's individual growth rates, namely between-person differences in within-person change in mathematics achievement is scarce. We assessed 334 children's domain-general and mathematics-specific early cognitive abilities and their general mathematics achievement longitudinally across four time-points within the first and second grades of primary school...
April 24, 2018: Developmental Science
Alexander M Levy, Massimo A Fazio, Rafael Grytz
PURPOSE: Myopia progression is thought to involve biomechanical weakening of the sclera, which leads to irreversible deformations and axial elongation of the eye. Scleral crosslinking has been proposed as a potential treatment option for myopia control by strengthening the mechanically weakened sclera. The biomechanical mechanism by which the sclera weakens during myopia and strengthens after crosslinking is not fully understood. Here, we assess the effect of lens-induced myopia and exogenous crosslinking using genipin on the inelastic mechanical properties of the tree shrew sclera measured by cyclic tensile tests...
May 2018: Ophthalmic & Physiological Optics: the Journal of the British College of Ophthalmic Opticians (Optometrists)
Pablo R N Rocha, Flávio A de Freitas, Célio F F Angolini, Lucas-Smith F Vasconcelos, Alaíde L B da Silva, Emmanoel V Costa, Felipe M A da Silva, Marcos N Eberlin, Giovana A Bataglion, Patrícia K Soares, Hector H F Koolen
INTRODUCTION: Alkaloids-derived drugs are a billionaire world-market and several phytochemical investigations aim the identification of new sources and/or structures. Thus, improving the way of extracting and methods to quantify them are of utmost importance. OBJECTIVE: To quantify isoquinoline-derived alkaloids in Unonopsis duckei R.E. Fr. through a new validated high-performance liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS/MS) method in combination with a statistical mixture design that aimed a proper direct extraction of these compounds from leaves...
April 24, 2018: Phytochemical Analysis: PCA
Y Shiraishi, K Imai, Y-I Yamashita, Y Nakao, S Nakagawa, H Okabe, H Nitta, A Chikamoto, H Baba
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 24, 2018: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
L Zhang, H Gao, Y Feng, G Wang, X Zhang, Z Li
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 24, 2018: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
H Caterson, K Liu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 24, 2018: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Heather G Marco, Ottilie K H Katali, Gerd Gäde
The dorsal heart of the Indian stick insect, Carausius morosus, is responsible for the anterograde flow of hemolymph to the aorta and into the body cavity. The contraction frequency of the insect heart is known to be influenced by several substances of neural source. Here, a semi-exposed heart assay was employed to study the effect of an aminergic substance (octopamine) and three neuropeptides (C. morosus hypertrehalosemic hormone [Carmo-HrTH], crustacean cardioactive peptide [CCAP], and proctolin) on heart contraction...
April 25, 2018: Archives of Insect Biochemistry and Physiology
Emily C Oates, Kristi J Jones, Sandra Donkervoort, Amanda Charlton, Susan Brammah, John E Smith, James S Ware, Kyle S Yau, Lindsay C Swanson, Nicola Whiffin, Anthony J Peduto, Adam Bournazos, Leigh B Waddell, Michelle A Farrar, Hugo A Sampaio, Hooi Ling Teoh, Phillipa J Lamont, David Mowat, Robin B Fitzsimons, Alastair J Corbett, Monique M Ryan, Gina L O'Grady, Sarah A Sandaradura, Roula Ghaoui, Himanshu B Joshi, Jamie L Marshall, Melinda A Nolan, Simranpreet Kaur, Jaya Punetha, Ana Töpf, Elizabeth Harris, Madhura Bakshi, Casie A Genetti, Minttu Marttila, Ulla Werlauff, Nathalie Streichenberger, Alan Pestronk, Ingrid Mazanti, Jason R Pinner, Carole Vuillerot, Carla Grosmann, Ana Camacho, Payam Mohassel, Meganne E Leach, A Reghan Foley, Diana Bharucha-Goebel, James Collins, Anne M Connolly, Heather R Gilbreath, Susan T Iannaccone, Diana Castro, Beryl B Cummings, Richard I Webster, Leïla Lazaro, John Vissing, Sandra Coppens, Nicolas Deconinck, Ho-Ming Luk, Neil H Thomas, Nicola C Foulds, Marjorie A Illingworth, Sian Ellard, Catriona A McLean, Rahul Phadke, Gianina Ravenscroft, Nanna Witting, Peter Hackman, Isabelle Richard, Sandra T Cooper, Erik-Jan Kamsteeg, Eric P Hoffman, Kate Bushby, Volker Straub, Bjarne Udd, Ana Ferreiro, Kathryn N North, Nigel F Clarke, Monkol Lek, Alan H Beggs, Carsten G Bönnemann, Daniel G MacArthur, Henk Granzier, Mark R Davis, Nigel G Laing
OBJECTIVE: Comprehensive clinical characterisation of congenital titinopathy to facilitate diagnosis and management of this important emerging disorder. METHODS: Using massively parallel sequencing we identified 30 patients from 27 families with two pathogenic nonsense, frameshift and/or splice site TTN mutations in trans. We then undertook a detailed analysis of the clinical, histopathology and imaging features of these patients. RESULTS: All patients had prenatal- or early-onset hypotonia and/or congenital contractures...
April 25, 2018: Annals of Neurology
Christopher J Salice, Todd A Anderson, Richard H Anderson, Adric D Olson
Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) continue to receive significant attention with particular concern for PFASs such as perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) which was a constituent of Aqueous Film-Forming Foam used widely as a fire suppressant for aircraft since the 1970 s. We were interested in the potential for risk to ecological receptors inhabiting Cooper Bayou which is adjacent to two former fire-training areas (FTAs) at Barksdale Air Force Base, LA. Previous research showed higher PFOS concentrations in surface water and biota from Cooper Bayou compared to reference sites...
April 25, 2018: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
K J Stanger, H McGregor, Jwa Larsen
OBJECTIVE: Identify the cause of outbreaks of diarrhoea during winter that are not attributable to gastrointestinal nematodes in weaned Merino sheep in the high rainfall regions of south-eastern Australia and determine the efficacy of antimicrobials used to treat this syndrome. METHODS: We investigated 45 outbreaks on 24 farms. Faecal samples from affected animals were cultured for Yersinia, Campylobacter and Salmonella spp. Risk factors, including rainfall, temperature and worm egg count (WEC), were assessed...
May 2018: Australian Veterinary Journal
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