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RF ablation

Philippa R P Krahn, Sheldon M Singh, Venkat Ramanan, Labonny Biswas, Nicolas Yak, Kevan J T Anderson, Jennifer Barry, Mihaela Pop, Graham A Wright
BACKGROUND: Radiofrequency (RF) ablation has become a mainstay of treatment for ventricular tachycardia, yet adequate lesion formation remains challenging. This study aims to comprehensively describe the composition and evolution of acute left ventricular (LV) lesions using native-contrast cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) during CMR-guided ablation procedures. METHODS: RF ablation was performed using an actively-tracked CMR-enabled catheter guided into the LV of 12 healthy swine to create 14 RF ablation lesions...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance
Michalis Michaelides, Elena Drakonaki, Elia Petridou, Maria Pantziara, Cleanthis Ioannides
Osteoid osteomas of the wrist are relatively rare and the diagnosis is challenging due to atypical clinical features. We describe a case of an osteoid osteoma of the scaphoid bone associated with calcific tendinitis of the adjacent flexor carpi radialis tendon and periarticular soft tissue calcifications in a 21-year-old man presenting with radial-sided wrist pain. The lesion was successfully treated with CT-guided RF ablation. To our knowledge, this is the first description of an osteoid osteoma of the wrist associated with calcific tendinitis and periarthritis...
March 14, 2018: Skeletal Radiology
Michał Orczykowski, Karolina Borowiec, Elzbieta Biernacka, Robert Bodalski, Piotr Urbanek, Pawel Derejko, Katarzyna Kodziszewska, Olgierd Wozniak, Aneta Fronczak, Kamil Marcinkiewicz, Krystyna Guzek, Agnieszka Fil, Grzegorz Warminski, Piotr Hoffman, Maria Bilinska, Lukasz Szumowski
BACKGROUND: After the surgical correction of Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF), surgical scars and natural obstacles form pathways capable of supporting an atrial tachyarrhythmia (AT). Radiofrequency ablation is effective, although the few studies to date on this topic had relatively short follow-up periods. AIM: The aims of the study were to evaluate the acute and long-term effects of RF ablation of AT and examine the characteristics of arrhythmia recurrence. METHODS: Tetralogy of Fallot patients (N 16, age 44...
March 14, 2018: Kardiologia Polska
Margaux Alazard, Jérôme Lacotte, Jérôme Horvilleur, Mina Ait-Said, Fiorella Salerno, Vladimir Manenti, Jean-François Piechaud, Jérôme Garot, Damien Bonnet, Alice Maltret
PURPOSE: To evaluate various strategies in order to minimize the risk of coronary injury during posteroseptal accessory pathways ablation in children. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 68 posteroseptal accessory pathways ablation procedures (20 decremental and 48 typical accessory pathways) performed in 62 pediatric patients at our institution between July 2009 and December 2016. Only posteroseptal accessory pathways targeted near or within the coronary sinus were included and ablation was mostly performed using irrigated tip radiofrequency...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology: An International Journal of Arrhythmias and Pacing
Cristian A Linte, Jon J Camp, Maryam E Rettmann, Dieter Haemmerich, Mehmet K Aktas, David T Huang, Douglas L Packer, David R Holmes
In spite of significant efforts to improve image-guided ablation therapy, a large number of patients undergoing ablation therapy to treat cardiac arrhythmic conditions require repeat procedures. The delivery of insufficient thermal dose is a significant contributor to incomplete tissue ablation, in turn leading to the arrhythmia recurrence. Ongoing research efforts aim to better characterize and visualize RF delivery to monitor the induced tissue damage during therapy. Here, we propose a method that entails modeling and visualization of the lesions in real-time...
April 2018: Journal of Medical Imaging
Sami Viskin
Terror-Mori-Ex-Abrupto is the Latin term for "fear of dropping dead." Based on frequent email consultations I receive from patients with "suspected Brugada syndrome" (BrS), it seems that a terrifying anticipation of dying is more dominant among asymptomatic patients with BrS than in other arrhythmogenic diseases. The tragic death of a young British man that went viral over Facebook, led >10,000 British citizens to petition their Parliament, requesting that all patients with asymptomatic BrS be given the choice of an implantable defibrillator (ICD) even in the absence of markers indicating increased risk Already, 1 in 2 patients undergoing ICD implantation for BrS are asymptomatic and 1 in 5 are not only free of symptoms, but do not even have the Brugada electrocardiogram (ECG) spontaneously...
March 12, 2018: Circulation
Aleksandr Voskoboinik, Paul B Sparks, Joseph B Morton, Geoffrey Lee, Stephen A Joseph, Joshua J Hawson, Peter M Kistler, Jonathan M Kalman
BACKGROUND: Despite technological advances, studies continue to report high complication rates for atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation. We sought to review complication rates for AF ablation at a high-volume centre over a 14-year period and identify predictors of complications. METHODS: We reviewed prospectively collected data from 2750 consecutive AF ablation procedures at our institution using radiofrequency energy (RF) between January 2004 and May 2017. All cases were performed under general anaesthetic with transoesophageal echocardiography (TEE), 3D-mapping and an irrigated ablation catheter...
February 3, 2018: Heart, Lung & Circulation
Anna Maria Ierardi, Valeria Savasi, Salvatore Alessio Angileri, Mario Petrillo, Sara Sbaraini, Antonio Pinto, Francesco Hanozet, Anna Maria Marconi, Gianpaolo Carrafiello
Uterine fibroids are the most common benign pelvic tumor of the female genital tract and tend to increase with age; they cause menorrhagia, dysmenorrhea, pelvic pressure symptoms, back pain, and subfertility. Currently, the management is based mainly on medical or surgical approaches. The nonsurgical and minimally invasive therapies are emerging approaches that to the state of the art include uterine artery embolization (UAE), image-guided thermal ablation techniques like magnetic resonance-guided focused ultrasound surgery (MRgFUS) or radiofrequency ablation (RF), and percutaneous microwave ablation (PMWA)...
2018: BioMed Research International
Benjamin Schaeffer, Stephan Willems, Christian Meyer, Jakob Lüker, Ruken Ö Akbulak, Julia Moser, Mario Jularic, Christian Eickholt, Jana M Schwarzl, Melanie Gunawardene, Pawel Kuklik, Arian Sultan, Boris A Hoffmann, Daniel Steven
AIMS: Contact force (CF) catheters provide catheter-tissue contact information to improve outcome of pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) in paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF). We evaluated different target-CF values for achievement of the additional endpoint of an unexcitable ablation line. METHODS: A total of 106 patients undergoing PVI were randomized into three groups (G) (G1: target-CF 15 g, G2: target-CF 10 g, G3: CF concealed from operator). The PVI encircling line was divided into predefined sections...
March 2, 2018: Clinical Research in Cardiology: Official Journal of the German Cardiac Society
Adone Baroni
Xanthelasma palpebrarum is the most common type of xanthoma affecting the eyelids. It is characterized by asymptomatic soft yellowish macules, papules, or plaques over the upper and lower eyelids. Many treatments are available for management of xanthelasma palpebrarum, the most commonly used include surgical excision, ablative CO2 or erbium lasers, nonablative Q-switched Nd:YAG laser, trichloroacetic acid peeling, and radiofrequency ablation. This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of RF ablation in the treatment of xanthelasma palpebrarum, with D...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
Hongjian Li, Qi Fang, Yijun Ge, Zhong Li, Jianjun Meng, Jianbing Zhu, Hongbo Yu
Simple cells in the cat primary visual cortex usually have elongated receptive fields (RFs), and their orientation selectivity can be largely predicted by their RFs. As to the relay cells in cats' lateral geniculate nucleus (LGN), they also have weak but significant orientation bias. It is thus of interest to investigate the fine spatiotemporal receptive field (STRF) properties in LGN, compare them with the dynamics of orientation tuning, and examine the dynamic relationship between STRF and orientation sensitivity in LGN...
February 23, 2018: Neuroscience
Marco Calandri, Carlo Gazzera, Steven Yevich, Katia Lapenna, Maria Marenco, Andrea Veltri, Gianluca Paraluppi, Paolo Fonio
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of percutaneous ablation for HCC hepatic recurrence along surgical resection margins to achieve complete cure or bridge for additional treatment. No current recommendations exist for these lesions. METHODS: Retrospective review of post-surgical recurrent HCC located along surgical margins treated by percutaneous ultrasound-guided ablation from 2006-2014. Ablation was performed by radiofrequency ablation (RFA) or percutaneous ethanol injection (PEI), selected for recurrence in proximity to extrahepatic organs...
February 21, 2018: Minerva Chirurgica
Monica Sigovan, Salim Si-Mohamed, Pierre-Yves Courand, Brahim Harbaoui, Marc Sapoval, Sébastien Bros, Philippe C Douek, Pierre Lantelme, Loic Boussel
OBJECTIVES: Endovascular renal denervation (RDN) using catheter-based radiofrequency (RF) ablation has emerged as a potential treatment option for drug-resistant hypertension. Its efficacy is currently under debate. We aimed to evaluate the capability of contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to assess the effects of RDN on the renal arterial wall in patients presenting with drug-resistant hypertension. METHODS: Patients were included prospectively following institutional review board approval and written informed consent...
February 21, 2018: European Radiology
Zhicheng Liu, Pierre Nahon, Zaifang Li, Peiyuan Yin, Yanli Li, Roland Amathieu, Nathalie Ganne-Carrié, Marianne Ziol, Nicolas Sellier, Olivier Seror, Laurence Le Moyec, Philippe Savarin, Guowang Xu
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is associated with a high risk of developing hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and HCC recurrence remains the primary threat to outcomes after curative therapy. In this study, we compared recurrent and non-recurrent HCC patients treated with radiofrequency ablation (RFA) in order to identify characteristic metabolic profile variations associated with HCC recurrence. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) -based metabolomic analyses were conducted on serum samples obtained before and after RFA therapy...
January 19, 2018: Oncotarget
Roger A Winkle, Ryan Moskovitz, R Hardwin Mead, Gregory Engel, Melissa H Kong, William Fleming, Jonathan Salcedo, Rob A Patrawala, John H Tranter, Isaac Shai
PURPOSE: The optimal radiofrequency (RF) power and lesion duration using contact force (CF) sensing catheters for atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation are unknown. We evaluate 50 W RF power for very short durations using CF sensing catheters during AF ablation. METHODS: We evaluated 51 patients with paroxysmal (n = 20) or persistent (n = 31) AF undergoing initial RF ablation. RESULTS: A total of 3961 50 W RF lesions were given (average 77...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology: An International Journal of Arrhythmias and Pacing
Alexandra Trivli, Georgios Dalianis, Chryssa Terzidou
The purpose of our study is to present a quick surgical procedure for the treatment of Conjunctivochalasis (CCH) and to evaluate its effectiveness. Thirty consecutive patients, in whom CCH was diagnosed on clinical examination, were investigated for the presence of symptoms of dry eye. The 60 eyes were evaluated according to their symptomatology and the 40 symptomatic eyes were grouped in two stages using the LIPCOF (stage 1, one small fold; stage 2, more than two folds but not higher than the tear meniscus) classification and included in the study...
February 12, 2018: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
Ekrem Ücer, Yvette Janeczko, Joachim Seegers, Sabine Fredersdorf, Selina Friemel, Florian Poschenrieder, Lars Siegfried Maier, Carsten Gerald Jungbauer
INTRODUCTION: Dormant conduction and acute reconnection in the pulmonary veins (PV) during a PV isolation can be detected by performing an adenosine provocation test (APT). Visually guided laser balloon ablation (VGLB) creates deep transmural lesions, thus causing less acute reconnection. This study compared the acute PV reconnection rate after isolation with VGLB or with RF using an APT. METHODS AND RESULTS: Patients with paroxysmal AF were randomized to PVI with the VGLB or RF ablation...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology
Jeffrey S Fischgrund, A Rhyne, J Franke, R Sasso, S Kitchel, H Bae, C Yeung, E Truumees, M Schaufele, P Yuan, P Vajkoczy, M DePalma, D G Anderson, L Thibodeau, B Meyer
PURPOSE: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of radiofrequency (RF) ablation of the basivertebral nerve (BVN) for the treatment of chronic low back pain (CLBP) in a Food and Drug Administration approved Investigational Device Exemption trial. The BVN has been shown to innervate endplate nociceptors which are thought to be a source of CLBP. METHODS: A total of 225 patients diagnosed with CLBP were randomized to either a sham (78 patients) or treatment (147 patients) intervention...
February 8, 2018: European Spine Journal
Giulio Zucchelli, Giusy Sirico, Luca Rebellato, Massimiliano Marini, Giuseppe Stabile, Maurizio Del Greco, Antonello Castro, Ermenegildo De Ruvo, Ezio Soldati, Gianluca Zingarini, Salvatore Ocello, Elisabetta Daleffe, Massimo Mantica, Claudio Pandozi, Massimiliano Maines, Fabrizio Guarracini, Maria Grazia Bongiorni
BACKGROUND: Our aim was to evaluate the clinical outcome of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation with contact force technology, using an automated lesion tagging system (VISITAGTM module) with strict criteria of catheter stability.Methods and Results:We enrolled 200 consecutive patients who underwent pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) in 11 centers and were followed up for 12 months. The stability setting was within 3 mm for ≥10 s and for ≥15 s in 47% and 53% of patients, respectively...
February 8, 2018: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
W Hampton Gray, Fernando Fleischman, Mark J Cunningham, Anthony W Kim, Craig J Baker, Vaughn A Starnes, P Michael McFadden
Left atrial-esophageal fistula (AEF) following endovascular radiofrequency (RF) ablation for cardiac arrhythmias is a life threatening complication. Immediate surgical repair offers the best chance for survival. The optimal surgical technique is unknown. We describe our recommended surgical approach.
February 1, 2018: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
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