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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717114/the-efficacy-of-isochronal-3d-mapping-based-ablation-of-ventricular-arrhythmia
#1
Masahito Suzuki, Junichi Nitta, Yosuke Hayashi, Kikou Lee, Keita Watanabe, Tatsuhiko Hirao, Nobutaka Kato, Yukihiro Inamura, Akira Sato, Masahiko Goya, Kenzo Hirao, Mitsuaki Isobe
Treatment of ventricular arrhythmias (VAs) commonly involves ablating sites showing electrograms with the earliest activity relative to the VA, but there is no threshold value for prematurity guaranteeing success. Ablation of sites with great prematurity can still result in failure.We hypothesized that isochronal map area (ISCA), derived from isochrones indicating electrogram prematurity, could help identify ablation targets in VA patients, as well as predict outcome. Specifically, we hypothesized that smaller ICSA for a given prematurity value would indicate a shallower arrhythmogenic focus leading to a higher likelihood of successful ablation...
July 14, 2017: International Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716699/bridge-to-success-a-better-method-of-cryoablation-for-atrioventricular-nodal-reentrant-tachycardia-in-children
#2
Charitha D Reddy, Scott R Ceresnak, Kara S Motonaga, Kishor Avasarala, Christine Feller, Anthony Trela, Debra Hanisch, Anne M Dubin
BACKGROUND: Cryoablation for AVNRT is associated with higher recurrence rates than radiofrequency ablation(RF). Junctional tachycardia marks procedural success with RF, but no such indicator exists for cryoablation. OBJECTIVE: To determine the impact of voltage mapping plus longer ablation lesions on mid-term success of cryoablation for children with AVNRT. METHODS: A single-center retrospective analysis was performed of pediatric patients with AVNRT who underwent cryoablation from 2011-2015...
July 14, 2017: Heart Rhythm: the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715071/the-influence-of-ablation-power-reduction-associated-with-esophagus-location-on-pulmonary-veins-isolation-results-in-patients-with-paroxysmal-atrial-fibrillation-six-month-follow-up
#3
Piotr Buchta, Krzysztof Myrda, Michał Skrzypek, Adam Wojtaszczyk, Barbara Budzyn, Mariusz Gąsior
BACKGROUND: Catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation (AF) could be associated with a thermal esophageal (EO) injury. To avoid this complication intraluminal esophageal temperature monitoring and ablation power reduction at the areas with excessive heating could be used. However, the reduced energy could limit the ablation lesion depth, without creation of consist transmural scar and influence on long-term ablation results. AIM: The primary goal was to evaluate the homogeneity of forced ablation power reduction due to excessive EO heating in different parts of left atrium...
July 17, 2017: Kardiologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705474/rf-ablation-in-periventricular-heterotopia-related-epilepsy
#4
Massimo Cossu, Laura Mirandola, Laura Tassi
Drug-resistant focal epilepsy is a common occurrence in patients with gray matter nodular heterotopia (NH), and surgical treatment is often considered in these cases. NH-related epileptogenicity is sustained by complex networks, which may involve the nodules and extralesional cortex in various combinations. Therefore, invasive EEG is usually required to identify the structures involved in seizure generation. It has been reported that surgery may be effective in cases with unilateral lesions, whereas bilateral cases are not optimal candidates for surgical success...
July 3, 2017: Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705106/characteristic-features-of-patients-with-multiple-accessory-pathways
#5
Michal Orczykowski, Pawel Derejko, Piotr Urbanek, Robert Bodalski, Joanna Zakrzewska-Koperska, Maria Bilińska, Lukasz Szumowski
Objective Only limited clinical and electrophysiological data concerning patients (pts) with multiple accessory pathways (MAP) in comparison to large control groups are available. The aim of our study was to analyse these data from the largest cohort of patients with multiple accessory pathways and a large control group. Method and results We analysed data from pts with MAP (group 1) and pts with a single accessory pathway (AP) (group 2) referred for radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA) at our tertiary centre...
July 14, 2017: Acta Cardiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700983/intratumoral-coagulation-by-radiofrequency-ablation-facilitated-the-laparoscopic-resection-of-giant-hepatic-hemangioma-a-surgical-technique-report-of-two-cases
#6
Shaohong Wang, Jun Gao, Mengmeng Yang, Shan Ke, Xuemei Ding, Jian Kong, Li Xu, Wenbing Sun
BACKGROUND: Traditionally, open hepatic resection is the first choice of treatment for symptomatic enlarging hepatic hemangiomas, which requires a large abdominal incision and is associated with substantial recovery time and morbidity. Minimally invasive laparoscopic resection has been used recently in liver surgery for treating selected hepatic hemangiomas. However, laparoscopic liver surgery poses the significant technical challenges and high rate of conversion. Radiofrequency (RF) ablation has been proved feasible in the treatment of hepatic hemangiomas with a size range of 5...
July 5, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690952/targeted-radiofrequency-ablation-as-an-adjunct-in-treatment-of-lumbar-facet-cysts
#7
Jesse Hatgis, Michelle Granville, Aldo Berti, Robert E Jacobson
Lumbar facet cysts are frequently found in patients with facet degeneration and segmental instability. When the facet cyst is localized in the neural foramina and lateral recess or becomes large, it can cause radiculopathy or neurogenic claudication. These symptomatic cysts are typically treated interventionally with drainage and a corticosteroid injection or attempts via overinflation to rupture the cyst; however, these procedures have a significant recurrence rate (up to 50%) and often need to be repeated or lead to lumbar surgery if unsuccessful...
June 6, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688816/combined-therapy-of-transcatheter-arterial-chemoembolization-and-radiofrequency-ablation-versus-surgical-resection-for-single-2-3-cm-hepatocellular-carcinoma-a%C3%A2-propensity-score-matching-analysis
#8
Hyo-Jae Lee, Jin Woong Kim, Young Hoe Hur, Sang Soo Shin, Suk Hee Heo, Sung Bum Cho, Yang Joon Kang, Hyo Soon Lim, Hyun Ju Seon, Yong Yeon Jeong
PURPOSE: To compare therapeutic outcomes of radiofrequency (RF) ablation combined with transcatheter arterial chemoembolization vs surgical resection (SR) for single 2-3 cm hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy patients underwent combined chemoembolization/RF ablation therapy and 84 underwent SR. Local tumor progression (LTP), intrahepatic distant recurrence (IDR), disease-free survival (DFS), and overall survival (OS) rates, as well as major complications and duration of hospital stay, were compared between groups before and after propensity-score matching...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673657/image-guided-percutaneous-radiofrequency-ablation-of-central-renal-cell-carcinoma-assessment-of-clinical-efficacy-and-safety-in-31-tumors
#9
Ying Dai, Diego Covarrubias, Raul Uppot, Ronald S Arellano
PURPOSE: To assess clinical efficacy and safety of image-guided percutaneous radiofrequency (RF) ablation of central renal cell carcinoma with adjunctive pyeloperfusion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with central renal tumors who underwent percutaneous RF ablation between 2005 and 2010 were retrospectively evaluated. Thirty patients with 31 central renal tumors underwent 39 RF ablation sessions. Mean tumor diameter was 3.7 cm (range, 2-7 cm). Median distance between tumor and renal pelvis was 5 mm (range, 0-15 mm)...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666487/mahaim-tachycardia-induced-cardiomyopathy
#10
Ibrahim Gul, Qamaruddin Roziman, Aamir Hameed Khan
We present the case report of a 22-year man, with incessant palpitations, chest pain, shortness of breath, and pulsations in his neck for the past 7 months. He was referred to the cardiology unit for workup of wide complex tachycardia (WCT). His echocardiography, 6 months earlier, had demonstrated severe left ventricular (LV) systolic dysfunction, severe global hypokinesia, mild tricuspid regurgitation (TR), and mild mitral regurgitation (MR) which resolved with medical therapy including beta-blockers. He underwent electrophysiological study, which revealed a decremental right sided atriofascicular pathway causing a WCT with left bundle branch block (LBBB) morphology and left axis deviation (LAD, Mahaim tachycardia)...
November 2016: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664343/catheter-ablation-of-atypical-atrial-flutter-a-novel-3d-anatomic-mapping-approach-to-quickly-localize-and-terminate-atypical-atrial-flutter
#11
Sri Sundaram, William Choe, J Ryan Jordan, Nate Mullins, Charles Boorman, Eric J Kessler, Sunil Nath
PURPOSE: This study aims to describe a novel method of High Density Activation Sequence Mapping combined with Voltage Gradient Mapping Overlay (HD-VGM) to quickly localize and terminate atypical atrial flutter. METHODS: Twenty-one patients presenting with 26 different atypical atrial flutter circuits after a previous catheter or surgical AF ablation were studied. HD-VGM was performed with a commercially available impedance-based mapping system to locate and successfully ablate the critical isthmus of each tachycardia circuit...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology: An International Journal of Arrhythmias and Pacing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664186/highly-articulated-robotic-needle-achieves-distributed-ablation-of-liver-tissue
#12
Giada Gerboni, Joseph D Greer, Paul F Laeseke, Gloria L Hwang, Allison M Okamura
Robotic needle steering will improve percutaneous radio-frequency ablation (RFA) in the liver by performing distributed ablations without requiring multiple punctures of the liver capsule, thus enabling the treatment of large or multifocal tumors. However, state-of-the-art asymmetric-tip robotic needle steering systems do not yet achieve clinically relevant curvature. This work presents the design and development of a highly articulated needle that enables distributed RFA in liver tissue under ultrasound (US) image guidance...
July 2017: IEEE Robotics and Automation Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663043/patients-and-procedural-characteristics-of-av-block-during-slow-pathway-modulation-for-avnrt-single-center-10year-experience
#13
Kristina Wasmer, Dirk G Dechering, Julia Köbe, Patrick Leitz, Gerrit Frommeyer, Phillip S Lange, Simon Kochhäuser, Florian Reinke, Christian Pott, Gerold Mönnig, Günter Breithardt, Lars Eckardt
BACKGROUND: Permanent AV-block is a recognized and feared complication of slow pathway modulation for AVNRT. We aimed to assess incidence of transient and permanent AV-block as well as consequences of transient AV-block in a large contemporary AVNRT ablation cohort. METHODS: We searched our single center prospective ablation database for occurrence of transient and permanent AV-block during slow pathway modulation between January 2004 and October 2015. We analyzed patients' and procedural characteristics as well as outcome of patients in whom transient or permanent AV-block occurred...
June 15, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655432/diagnostic-accuracy-of-different-magnetic-resonance-imaging-sequences-for-detecting-local-tumor-progression-after-radiofrequency-ablation-of-hepatic-malignancies
#14
Jakob Weiss, Hansjoerg Rempp, Stephan Clasen, Mike Notohamiprodjo, David-Emanuel Keßler, Philippe L Pereira, Gunnar Blumenstock, Konstantin Nikolaou, Rüdiger Hoffmann
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of the individual sequences of a clinical routine liver MRI protocol for the detection of local tumour progression after radiofrequency (RF) ablation of hepatic malignancies. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cohort of 93 patients treated for 140 primary and secondary hepatic malignancies with RF ablation was assembled for this retrospective study. The cohort contained 31 cases of local tumour progression, which occurred 8.3±6...
June 17, 2017: European Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652915/ablation-of-the-sacroiliac-joint-using-mr-guided-high-intensity-focused-ultrasound-a-preliminary-experiment-in-a-swine-model
#15
Elena A Kaye, Majid Maybody, Sebastien Monette, Stephen B Solomon, Amitabh Gulati
BACKGROUND: Dysfunction of the Sacroiliac Joint (SIJ) is one of the key sources of low back pain. For prolonged pain relief, some patients undergo fluoroscopic guided radio-frequency (RF) ablation of SIJ, during which a number of RF probes are inserted to create thermal lesions that disrupt the posterior sacral nerve supply. This procedure is minimally invasive, laborious, time-consuming and costly. To study if High Intensity Focused Ultrasound (HIFU) ablation is a feasible alternative approach to SIJ pain treatment, we performed experiments using HIFU to ablate SIJ in the swine model...
2017: Journal of Therapeutic Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652028/cryoablation-for-atrial-fibrillation-in-2017-what-have-we-learned
#16
REVIEW
Padmanabhan Shakkottai, Raymond W Sy, Mark A McGuire
Catheter ablation has become a standard technique for the treatment of atrial fibrillation. Pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) is the most important component of catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation. Radiofrequency (RF) ablation and balloon cryoablation can be used to achieve PVI. This review examines the biophysics and clinical efficacy of balloon cryoablation and discusses the potential advantages and disadvantages compared to RF ablation.
May 26, 2017: Heart, Lung & Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641381/supraventricular-tachyarrhythmias-in-patients-with-a-persistent-left-superior-vena-cava
#17
Jongmin Hwang, Hyoung-Seob Park, Jun Kim, Jeong Su Kim, Jong Sung Park, Ki-Hun Kim, Myung Hwan Bae, Sang-Hee Lee, Young Soo Lee, Seongwook Han, Dae-Kyeong Kim, Tae-Joon Cha, Dong Gu Shin, Byung Chun Jung, Yoon-Nyun Kim
Aims: A persistent left superior vena cava (PLSVC) is the most common thoracic venous anomaly. This venous anomaly can impact the evaluation and treatment of supraventricular tachyarrhythmia (SVA). The aim of this study was to assess the proportion and characteristics of PLSVC in adult SVA patients. Methods and results: From July 2002 to July 2012, clinical and procedural data from databases of 10 cardiac electrophysiology laboratories in the Yeungnam region of the Republic of Korea were reviewed...
June 20, 2017: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635046/three-year-outcomes-and-reconnection-patterns-after-initial-contact-force-guided-pulmonary-vein-isolation-for-paroxysmal-atrial-fibrillation
#18
Girish M Nair, Colin Yeo, Zachary MacDonald, Mark P Ainslie, Wael A Alqarawi, Pablo B Nery, Calum J Redpath, Mouhannad Sadek, Stewart Spence, Martin S Green, David H Birnie
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Contact force (CF) sensing is a novel technology used for catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation (AF). We compared the single procedure success of CF-guided pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) with that of non-CF guided PVI during a three-year (1095 days) follow up period and analyzed the pattern of pulmonary vein (PV) reconnection. METHODS: A cohort of 167 subjects (68 CF vs. 99 Non-CF) with paroxysmal AF were included in the study. Atrial arrhythmia (AA) recurrence was defined as documented AF, atrial flutter, or atrial tachycardia lasting > 30 seconds and occurring after 90 days...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631963/tumor-penetrating-peptide-integrated-thermally-sensitive-liposomal-doxorubicin-enhances-efficacy-of-radiofrequency-ablation-in-liver-tumors
#19
Fei Yan, Song Wang, Wei Yang, S Nahum Goldberg, Hao Wu, Wan-Lu Duan, Zhi-Ting Deng, Hai-Bo Han, Hai-Rong Zheng
Purpose To investigate the role of a tumor-penetrating peptide (internalizing CRGDRGPDC [iRGD])-integrated thermally sensitive liposomal (TSL) doxorubicin (DOX) in combination with radiofrequency (RF) ablation of liver tumors in an animal model. Materials and Methods Approval from the institutional animal care and use committee was obtained. Characterization of iRGD-TSL-DOX was performed in vitro. Next, H22 liver adenocarcinomas were implanted in 138 mice in vivo. The DOX accumulation and cell apoptosis of iRGD-TSL-DOX and TSL-DOX with or without RF were evaluated (n = 5) at different time points after treatment with quantitative analysis or pathologic staining...
June 19, 2017: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612086/comparison-of-6-mm-versus-8-mm-tip-cryoablation-catheter-for-the-treatment-of-atrioventricular-nodal-reentrant-tachycardia-in-children-a-prospective-study
#20
Volkan Tuzcu, Enes Elvin Gul, Mehmet Karacan, Hacer Kamali, Nida Celik, Celal Akdeniz
Due to its safety profile, cryoablation (Cryo) for atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT) is more commonly preferred over radiofrequency (RF) ablation in children in recent years. Recent studies demonstrated high long-term success rates comparable to radiofrequency ablation. The aim of this prospective study was to compare the efficacy and safety of an 8-mm-tip versus 6-mm-tip Cryo catheter in the treatment of AVNRT in children. A total of 125 consecutive patients over 10 years of age with AVNRT were included...
June 13, 2017: Pediatric Cardiology
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