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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109183/chloride-ion-transport-and-overexpression-of-tmem16a-in-a-guinea-pig-asthma-model
#1
Mitsuko Kondo, Mayoko Tsuji, Kaori Hara, Ken Arimura, Osamitsu Yagi, Etsuko Tagaya, Kiyoshi Takeyama, Jun Tamaoki
BACKGROUND: TMEM16A, a Ca-activated Cl channel, regulates various physiological functions such as mucin secretion. However, the role of TMEM16A in hypersecretion in asthma is not fully understood. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to evaluate Cl ion transport via TMEM16A and determine the localization of TMEM16A in a guinea pig asthma model. METHODS: Guinea pigs were sensitized with OVA ip. on Day 1 and Day 8. On Day 22, we assessed OVA challenge-induced Cl ion transport in the sensitized tracheas ex vivo in an Ussing chamber, compared with the non-sensitized tracheas...
January 21, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108829/vascular-contractile-reactivity-in-hypotension-due-to-reduced-renal-reabsorption-of-na-and-restricted-dietary-na
#2
Saeed Alshahrani, Robert M Rapoport, Manoocher Soleimani
Reduced renal Na(+) reabsorption along with restricted dietary Na(+) depletes intravascular plasma volume which can then result in hypotension. Whether hypotension occurs and the magnitude of hypotension depends in part on compensatory angiotensin II-mediated increased vascular resistance. We investigated whether the ability of vascular resistance to mitigate the hypotension was compromised by decreased contractile reactivity. In vitro reactivity was investigated in aorta from mouse models of reduced renal Na(+) reabsorption and restricted dietary Na(+) associated with considerable hypotension and renin-angiotensin system activation: (1) the Na(+)-Cl(-)-Co-transporter (NCC) knockout (KO) with Na(+) restricted diet (0...
January 20, 2017: Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107972/electrochemical-sensor-for-sensitive-detection-of-triclosan-based-on-graphene-palladium-nanoparticles-hybrids
#3
Tingxuan Wu, Tingting Li, Zhiguang Liu, Yujing Guo, Chuan Dong
In this paper, poly (diallyldimethylammonium chloride) functionalized graphene/palladium nanoparticles (PDDA-Gr/PdNPs) have been successfully synthesized through a simple one-pot method with the use of PDDA as stabilizing agents. The electrochemical response of triclosan on the PDDA-Gr/PdNPs modified glassy carbon electrode (GCE) is greatly enhanced comparing to the PDDA-Gr/GCE or the bare GCE. It is suggested that the nanocomposite exhibited good electron transfer ability and catalytic activity. Under the optimal conditions, the oxidation current increased linearly with the concentration of triclosan in the range of 9...
March 1, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107966/novel-potentiometric-sensors-for-the-determination-of-the-dinotefuran-insecticide-residue-levels-in-cucumber-and-soil-samples
#4
Maha F Abdel-Ghany, Lobna A Hussein, Noha F El Azab
Five new potentiometric membrane sensors for the determination of the dinotefuran levels in cucumber and soil samples have been developed. Four of these sensors were based on a newly designed molecularly imprinted polymer (MIP) material consisting of acrylamide or methacrylic acid as a functional monomer in a plasticized PVC (polyvinyl chloride) membrane before and after elution of the template. A fifth sensor, a carboxylated PVC-based sensor plasticized with dioctyl phthalate, was also prepared and tested...
March 1, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107962/a-label-free-electrochemical-immunosensor-based-on-a-new-polymer-containing-aldehyde-and-ferrocene-groups
#5
Xiangyang Zhang, Youming Shen, Youyu Zhang, Guangyu Shen, Haiyan Xiang, Xiaofeng Long
In this work, a novel and convenient strategy for synthesis of a well-defined polymer containing both aldehyde and ferrocene functional groups by grafting 4-hydroxybenzaldehyde and ferrocenecarboxylhydrazide onto linear poly (vinylbenzyl chloride) was developed. The designed polymer film (polymer CAF) could be used as a new support matrix for fabrication of a label-free electrochemical immunosensor with high sensitivity, good stability and repeatability. With human IgG as an analyte model, the proposed electrochemical immunosensor showed a linear concentration range from 0...
March 1, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107950/label-free-potentiometric-biosensor-based-on-solid-contact-for-determination-of-total-phenols-in-honey-and-propolis
#6
Patrícia Ferrante Draghi, Julio Cesar Bastos Fernandes
We developed a label-free potentiometric biosensor using tyrosinase extracted from Musa acuminata and immobilized by covalent bond on a surface of a solid-contact transducer. The transducer was manufactured containing two layers. The first layer contained a blend of poly(vinyl) chloride carboxylated (PVC-COOH), graphite and potassium permanganate. On this layer, we deposited a second layer containing just a mixture of poly(vinyl chloride) carboxylated and graphite. On the last layer of the transducer, we immobilized the tyrosinase enzyme by reaction with N-(3-dimethylaminopropyl)-N'-ethylcarbodiimide hydrochloride...
March 1, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107936/a-simple-and-sensitive-method-for-determination-of-taxifolin-on-palladium-nanoparticles-supported-poly-diallyldimethylammonium-chloride-functionalized-graphene-modified-electrode
#7
Qinqin Wang, Lu Wang, Gaiping Li, Baoxian Ye
Palladium nanoparticles with diameter of around 5-10nm supported on poly (diallyldimethylammonium chloride) (PDDA)-functionalized graphene composites were prepared by a simple chemical method. As-prepared nanocomposites were characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), x-ray diffraction (XRD), ultraviolet-visible spectrophotometry (UV-vis) and electrochemical techniques, which were clearly demonstrated that palladium nanoparticles were uniformly dispersed on the graphene sheets. Based on the PDDA-Gr-Pd nanocomposites, a new voltammetric sensor was established and exhibited excellent electrocatalytic activity and fast electron transfer rate toward taxifolin...
March 1, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107933/graphene-like-carbon-nanosheets-as-a-new-electrode-material-for-electrochemical-determination-of-hydroquinone-and-catechol
#8
Hongmei Jiang, Shuqin Wang, Wenfang Deng, Youming Zhang, Yueming Tan, Qingji Xie, Ming Ma
We report here graphene-like carbon nanosheets (GCN) as a new electrode material for the electrochemical determination of hydroquinone (HQ) and catechol (CC). The GCN were prepared from maltose using ammonia chloride as a blowing agent and cobalt nitrate as a graphitization catalyst precursor. The as-prepared GCN material shows high graphitization degree, abundant porosity, and large specific surface area. Two well-separated anodic peaks for HQ and CC are obtained at GCN modified glassy carbon electrode (GCE) with a peak-to-peak separation of 118mV...
March 1, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107911/a-positively-charged-porous-graphitic-carbon-stationary-phase-for-hydrophilic-interaction-liquid-chromatography
#9
Yanjie Hou, Feifang Zhang, Xuefang Liu, Yanjun Ren, Bingcheng Yang
High chemical inertness of porous graphitic carbon particles (PGC) makes their surface modification rather difficult. Here a facile way is proposed to prepare a PGC stationary phase with quaternary ammonium-polyvinyl alcohol mixed functional groups for hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography (HILIC) by generating a thin layer of polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) and poly(diallyldimethylammonium chloride) (DDAC) copolymer onto PGC particles. The phase shows obvious positively electrostatic character and typical HILIC character, exhibiting different selectivity relative to several HILIC phases and bare PGC...
March 1, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107903/ion-mobility-spectrometry-as-a-fast-analytical-tool-in-benzalkonium-chloride-homologs-determination
#10
D Gallart-Mateu, S Armenta, F A Esteve-Turrillas, M de la Guardia
A novel procedure is proposed for the determination by ion mobility spectrometry (IMS) of C12, C14 and C16 benzalkonium chloride (BAC) homologs. The proposed method requires minimum sample treatment and the measurement was made in less than one minute. A high sensitivity was obtained for BAC determination by IMS with limit of detection values from 37 to 69µgL(-1). Accuracy of the proposed methodology was evaluated through the analysis of aqueous and alcoholic samples spiked with BAC at concentration levels from 0...
March 1, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107808/in-situ-release-of-vegf-enhances-osteogenesis-in-3d-porous-scaffolds-engineered-with-osterix-modified-adipose-derived-stem-cells
#11
Wan-Lin Xu, Hui-Shan Ong, Yun Zhu, Sheng-Wen Liu, Li-Min Liu, Kai-Hua Zhou, Zeng-Qi Xu, Jun Gao, Yan Zhang, Jin-Hai Ye, Wen-Jun Yang
Adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) can differentiate into various cell types and thus have great potential for regenerative medicine. Herein, rat ADSCs were isolated; transduced with lentiviruses expressing Osterix (Osx), a transcriptional factor essential for osteogenesis. Osx overexpression up-regulated key osteogenesis-related genes, such as special AT-rich binding protein 2, alkaline phosphatase, osteocalcin and osteopontin, at both the mRNA and protein levels. In addition, mineral nodule formation and alkaline phosphatase activity were enhanced in Osx-overexpressing ADSCs...
January 20, 2017: Tissue Engineering. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107066/hematologic-plasma-biochemical-and-lipid-panel-reference-intervals-in-orange-winged-amazon-parrots-amazona-amazonica
#12
Claire Vergneau-Grosset, Tamsen Polley, Danielle Carrade Holt, William Vernau, Joanne Paul-Murphy
To establish reference intervals in orange-winged Amazon parrots ( Amazona amazonica ) for the complete blood count, plasma biochemical values, and lipid panel and to evaluate age- and sex-related variations, blood samples were obtained from 29 healthy juvenile and adult parrots. Concentrations of total protein, bile acids, phosphorus, total cholesterol, low-density-lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol were significantly higher in adult compared with juvenile birds, while uric acid concentration was significantly higher in juveniles...
December 2016: Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106999/flux-versus-hydrothermal-growth-polymorphism-of-a2-uo2-si2o6-a-rb-cs
#13
Gregory Morrison, Mark D Smith, Hans-Conrad Zur Loye
Single crystals of two new uranyl silicates were grown from mixed alkali fluoride/alkali chloride fluxes. Polymorphism is observed in Cs2(UO2)Si2O6, where hydrothermal conditions lead to the α polymorph and flux growth favors the β polymorph. Rb2(UO2)Si2O6 crystallizes in a monoclinic distortion of the α-Cs2(UO2)Si2O6 structure type with space group I2/a and lattice parameters a = 14.9932(5) Å, b = 14.8032(5) Å, c = 16.2377(9) Å, and β = 90.7220(10)°. β-Cs2(UO2)Si2O6 constitutes a new polymorph of Cs2(UO2)Si2O6 and crystallizes in the monoclinic space group C2 with lattice parameters a = 12...
January 20, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106881/phylogenomics-of-rhodobacteraceae-reveals-evolutionary-adaptation-to-marine-and-non-marine-habitats
#14
Meinhard Simon, Carmen Scheuner, Jan P Meier-Kolthoff, Thorsten Brinkhoff, Irene Wagner-Döbler, Marcus Ulbrich, Hans-Peter Klenk, Dietmar Schomburg, Jörn Petersen, Markus Göker
Marine Rhodobacteraceae (Alphaproteobacteria) are key players of biogeochemical cycling, comprise up to 30% of bacterial communities in pelagic environments and are often mutualists of eukaryotes. As 'Roseobacter clade', these 'roseobacters' are assumed to be monophyletic, but non-marine Rhodobacteraceae have not yet been included in phylogenomic analyses. Therefore, we analysed 106 genome sequences, particularly emphasizing gene sampling and its effect on phylogenetic stability, and investigated relationships between marine versus non-marine habitat, evolutionary origin and genomic adaptations...
January 20, 2017: ISME Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106801/o-carboxymethyl-chitosan-supported-heterogeneous-palladium-and-ni-catalysts-for-heck-reaction
#15
Dongjun Lv, Mingjie Zhang
Two polymer catalysts (Pd-OCMCS and Ni-OCMCS) with good reusability were synthesized by coordinating Pd and Ni onto O-carboxymethyl chitosan (OCMCS). The chemical structure and thermal stability of prepared catalysts were determined by Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectra, Energy Dispersive Spectrometer (EDS)analysis, X-ray diffraction (XRD), and thermogravimetric analyzer (TG-DTG), and the analysis results showed that the Pd and Ni ions coordinated onto the OCMCS and formed a ligand with the -COOH group, amino groups, and -OH group on the OCMCS, and the EDS and Inductively Coupled Plasma Optical Emission Spectrometry (ICP-OES) analysis results showed that the loading amounts of Pd and Ni were approximately 8...
January 18, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106130/formation-of-diverse-polycyclic-spirooxindoles-via-three-component-reaction-of-isoquinolinium-salts-isatins-and-malononitrile
#16
Jing Sun, Guo-Liang Shen, Ying Huang, Chao-Guo Yan
The triethylamine promoted three-component reaction of N-(4-nitrobenzyl), N-ethoxycarbonylmethylisoquinolinium bromide, isatins and malononitrile in ethanol afforded spiro[indoline-3,2'-pyrrolo[2,1-a]isoquinolines] in good yields and with high diastereoselectivity. The similar reaction of N-cyanomethylisoquinolinium chloride mainly gave complex indolo[2″,3″:2',3']pyrrolo[3',4':4,5]pyrrolo[2,1-a]isoquinoline derivatives. However, the three-component reaction of N-cyanomethylisoquinolinium chloride, isatins and ethyl cyanoacetate mainly resulted in functionalized spiro[indoline-3,8'-pyrido[2',3':4,5]pyrrolo[2,1-a]isoquinolines]...
January 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105834/in-line-acidification-for-potentiometric-sensing-of-nitrite-in-natural-waters
#17
Nadezda Pankratova, Maria Cuartero, Thomas Cherubini, Gaston A Crespo, Eric Bakker
We report on a novel approach for in-line sample acidification that results in a significant improvement in the limit of detection of potentiometric anion-selective electrodes aiming at determining nutrients in natural waters. The working principle of the developed acidification module relies on the cation-exchange process between the sample and an ion-exchange Donnan exclusion membrane in its protonated form. The resulting in-line acidification of natural waters with millimolar sodium chloride level (freshwater, drinking water, and aquarium water, as well as dechloridized seawater) decreases the pH down to ∼5...
January 3, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105681/salmon-gill-poxvirus-a-recently-characterized-infectious-agent-of-multifactorial-gill-disease-in-freshwater-and-seawater-reared-atlantic-salmon
#18
REVIEW
M C Gjessing, E Thoen, T Tengs, S A Skotheim, O B Dale
Gill diseases cause considerable losses in Norwegian salmon farming. In 2015, we characterized salmon gill poxvirus (SGPV) and associated gill disease. Using newly developed diagnostic tools, we show here that SGPV infection is more widely distributed than previously assumed. We present seven cases of complex gill disease in Atlantic salmon farmed in seawater and freshwater from different parts of Norway. Apoptosis, the hallmark of acute SGPV infection, was not easily observed in these cases, and qPCR analysis was critical for identification of the presence of SGPV...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Fish Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105672/on-the-advantage-of-cyclic-over-acyclic-carbenes-to-access-isolable-capto-dative-c-centered-radicals
#19
Janell Mahoney, Rodolphe Jazzar, Guy Royal, David Martin, Guy Bertrand
A cyclic and an acyclic di(amino)carbene as well as a cyclic and an acyclic (alkyl)(amino)carbene cleanly react with benzoyl chloride to give the corresponding adducts 1+cyc, 1+acy, 2+cyc and 2+acy, respectively. The reduction of 1+cyc and 2+cyc derived from cyclic carbenes affords the corresponding radicals 1cyc and 2cyc that are stable at room temperature. In contrast, radicals 1acy and 2acy, derived from acyclic carbenes, cannot be isolated. It is shown that 1acy is as thermodynamically stabilized as its cyclic counterpart 1cyc, but its instability is the result β-hydrogens of the nitrogen substituent, along with the enhanced flexibility around C-N bonds, which allow for a H-migration-elimination process...
January 19, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105596/monitoring-nutrients-fate-after-digestate-spreading-in-a-short-rotation-buffer-area
#20
Nicolò Colombani, Bruno Boz, Bruna Gumiero, Micòl Mastrocicco
One of the main sources of reactive nitrogen pollution is animal manure. The disposal of digestate (material remaining after the anaerobic digestion of a biodegradable feedstock) in agricultural soils could solve both the problems of soil fertilization and waste removal, but the fate of digestate in the environment must be assessed carefully before its massive utilization. To investigate whether digestate could be safely employed as a soil fertilizer, an agricultural field located in Monastier di Treviso (Northern Italy) and characterized by the presence of low hydraulic conductivity clay soils, was selected to be amended with bovine digestate...
January 20, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
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