keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

chloride

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727479/extracellular-chloride-is-required-for-efficient-platelet-aggregation
#1
Kirk A Taylor, Darren G S Wilson, Matthew T Harper, Nicholas Pugh
Anion channels perform a diverse range of functions and have been implicated in ATP release, volume regulation, and phosphatidylserine exposure. Platelets have been shown to express several anion channels but their function is incompletely understood. Due to a paucity of specific pharmacological blockers, we investigated the effect of extracellular chloride substitution on platelet activation using aggregometry and flow cytometry. In the absence of extracellular chloride, we observed a modest reduction of the maximum aggregation response to thrombin or collagen-related peptide...
July 20, 2017: Platelets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726935/strength-character-and-directionality-of-halogen-bonds-involving-cationic-halogen-bond-donors
#2
Kevin E Riley, Khanh-An Tran
Halogen bonds involving cationic halogen bond donors and anionic halogen bond acceptors have recently been recognized as being important in stabilizing the crystal structures of many salts. Theoretical characterization of these types of interactions, most importantly in terms of their directionality, has been limited. Here we generate high-quality symmetry adapted perturbation theory potential energy curves of a H3N-C[triple bond, length as m-dash]C-Br(+)Cl(-) model system in order to characterize halogen bonds involving charged species, in terms of contributions from electrostatics, exchange, induction, and dispersion, with special emphasis on analyzing contributions that are most responsible for the directionality of these interactions...
July 20, 2017: Faraday Discussions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726933/comparison-of-halogen-bonding-networks-with-ru-ii-complexes-and-analysis-of-the-influence-of-the-xb-interactions-on-their-reactivity
#3
Marta E G Mosquera, Irene Egido, Carlos Hortelano, María López-López, Pilar Gómez-Sal
Coordination compounds of formula [Ru(Cl)2(CNR)4] are interesting building blocks for the preparation of halogen bonding supramolecular networks, since the chloride ligand is a good XB acceptor. When using I2 as the XB donor, an unexpected reaction on the ruthenium coordination sphere happens where the chloride ligands are substituted by iodides. The isolation of several intermediates with different substitution degrees and showing XB interactions in a solid state network evidenced the clear influence of the XB species in this unusual reaction process...
July 20, 2017: Faraday Discussions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726928/comparative-study-of-non-covalent-interactions-between-cationic-n-phenylviologens-and-halides-by-electrochemistry-and-nmr-the-halogen-bonding-effect
#4
Geordie Creste, Sihem Groni, Claire Fave, Mathieu Branca, Bernd Schöllhorn
Five N-phenylviologen (PV(2+)) derivatives have been synthesized and their electrochemical behavior in the presence of halide anions has been studied. Further investigations were carried out by (1)H and (19)F NMR spectroscopy at different chloride concentrations. This is the first time a systematic study combines cyclic voltammetry and NMR spectroscopy in order to analyse the contribution of halogen bonding among the various non-covalent interactions between iodinated N-phenylviologens. The results show strong evidence for a significant "halogen bonding effect" in the interaction between halides and the iodo-tetrafluoro-phenylviologen PV2+-C6F4I...
July 20, 2017: Faraday Discussions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726760/synthesis-antitumor-evaluation-and-molecular-docking-of-new-morpholine-based-heterocycles
#5
Zeinab A Muhammad, Mastoura M Edrees, Rasha A M Faty, Sobhi M Gomha, Seham S Alterary, Yahia N Mabkhot
A series of new morpholinylchalcones was prepared and then used as building blocks for constructing a series of 7-morpholino-2-thioxo-2,3-dihydropyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4(1H)-ones via their reaction with 6-aminothiouracil. The latter thiones reacted with the appropriate hydrazonoyl chloride to give the corresponding pyrido[2,3-d][1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrimidin-5(1H)-ones. The assigned structures for all the newly synthesized compounds were confirmed on the basis of elemental analyses and spectral data and the mechanisms of their formation were also discussed...
July 20, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726714/performance-of-a-novel-recycling-magnetic-flocculation-membrane-filtration-process-for-tetracycline-polluted-surface-water-treatment
#6
Yufei Wang, Hui Jia, Hongwei Zhang, Jie Wang, Wenjin Liu
A recycling magnetic flocculation membrane filtration (RMFMF) process integrating circulating coagulation, magnetic enhanced flocculation and membrane filtration was investigated for the treatment of surface water micro-polluted by tetracycline, a typical pharmaceutical and personal care product. A bench-scale experiment was conducted and several water quality parameters including turbidity, ultraviolet absorbance at 254 nm (UV254), total organic carbon and tetracycline concentration were evaluated, taking coagulation membrane filtration and magnetic flocculation membrane filtration processes as reference treatments...
July 2017: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726691/an-exploratory-study-of-the-effects-of-stormwater-pipeline-materials-on-transported-stormwater-quality
#7
Matthias Borris, Heléne Österlund, Jiri Marsalek, Maria Viklander
Implications of three sewer pipe materials (concrete, galvanized corrugated steel, and polyvinyl chloride (PVC)) for stormwater quality were explored in laboratory experiments, in which three types of stormwater, SW1-SW3, were circulated in 0.5 m long sewer pipe sections. SW1 and SW2 represented synthetic rainwater, without and with fine street sediment added (CTSS = 150 mg/L), respectively, and SW3 was actual stormwater with the same sediment addition as SW2. Following 20-min runs, with an equivalent distance of 500 m travelled by water particles, a number of statistically significant changes in the stormwater chemistry were observed: (i) pH of all the simulated stormwaters increased in the concrete pipe (from 7...
July 2017: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726676/a-biokinetic-and-dosimetric-model-for-ionic-indium-in-humans
#8
Martin Andersson, Sören Mattsson, Lennart Johansson, Sigrid Leide-Svegborn
This paper reviews biokinetic data for ionic indium, and proposes a biokinetic model for systemic indium in adult humans. The development of parameter values focuses on human data and indium in the form of ionic indium(III), as indium chloride and indium arsenide. The model presented for systemic indium is defined by five different pools: plasma, bone marrow, liver, kidneys and other soft tissues. The model is based on two subsystems: one corresponding to indium bound to transferrin and one where indium is transported back to the plasma, binds to red blood cell transferrin and is then excreted through the kidneys to the urinary bladder...
July 20, 2017: Physics in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726488/use-of-an-electrostatic-spraying-system-or-the-sprayed-lethality-in-container-method-to-deliver-antimicrobial-agents-onto-the-surface-of-beef-subprimals-to-control-shiga-toxin-producing-escherichia-coli
#9
J Max Stella, John B Luchansky, Kelsey Miller, Bradley A Shoyer, Laura E Shane, Lianna McGeary, Manuela Osoria, Laura J Stahler, Nicholas J Sevart, Randall K Phebus, Harshavardhan Thippareddi, Anna C S Porto-Fett
The efficacy of an electrostatic spraying system (ESS) and/or the sprayed lethality in container (SLIC) method to deliver antimicrobial agents onto the surface of beef subprimals to reduce levels of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) was evaluated. Beef subprimals were surface inoculated (lean side; ca. 5.8 log CFU per subprimal) with 2 mL of an eight-strain cocktail comprising single strains of rifampin-resistant (100 μg/mL) STEC (O26:H11, O45:H2, O103:H2, O104:H4, O111:H(-), O121:H19, O145:NM, and O157:H7)...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726345/enantioselective-construction-of-trifluoromethoxylated-stereogenic-centers-by-nickel-catalyzed-asymmetric-suzuki-miyaura-coupling-of-secondary-benzyl-bromides
#10
Weichen Huang, Xiaolong Wan, Qilong Shen
A method for the construction of trifluoromethoxy-containing stereogenic centers with high enantiometric excess via nickel-catalyzed Suzuki-Miyaura coupling of easily available -bromobenzyl trifluoromethylethers 1a-g with a variety of aryl pinacol boronates was described. The reaction conditions were mild and a variety of common functional groups such as fluoride, chloride, bromide, ester, enolizable ketone, nitro, cyano, amino and vinyl group were well tolerated. Furthermore, the reaction can be easily scaled up to gram quantities without erosion of the enantioselectivity...
July 20, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725871/new-anthrarobin-acyl-derivatives-as-butyrylcholinesterase-inhibitors-synthesis-in-vitro-and-in-silico-studies
#11
Mehreen Lateef, Abid Azhar, Bina S Siddiqui, Shamshad Zarina, Nizam Uddin, Muhammad F Anwar, Kauser Siddiqui, Kaniz F Azhar, Lubna Iqbal, Rashad Mehmood, Shagufta Perveen
To treat Alzheimer's disease (AD), the available candidates are effective only against mild AD or have side effects. So, a study was planned to synthesis new candidates that may have good potential to treat AD. A series of new anthrarobin acyl derivatives (2-8) were synthesized by the reaction of anthrarobin (1) and acetic anhydride/acyl chlorides. The product were characterized by (1)H NMR and EI-MS, and evaluated for butyrylcholinesterase (BuChE) inhibition activity. Compounds 5 and 4 showed notable BuChE inhibitory potential with IC50 5...
July 2017: Heliyon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725236/the-seed-semipermeable-layer-and-its-relation-to-seed-quality-assessment-in-four-grass-species
#12
Yan Y Lv, Xue Q He, Xiao W Hu, Yan R Wang
The existence of a semipermeable layer in grass seeds has been extensively reported, yet knowledge of its influence on tests for seed viability and vigor that depend upon measurement of electrical conductivity (EC) is limited. This study determined the presence and location of the semipermeable layer, and its relation to seed viability and vigor assessment, in seeds of four important grass species-Elymus nutans Griseb., Lolium perenne L., Leymus chinensis (Trin.) Tzvel., and Avena sativa L. Intact seeds of E...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725115/maternal-and-fetal-arterial-blood-gas-data-in-normotensive-singleton-isoflurane-anesthetized-sheep-at-124-126-days-of-gestation
#13
Claire M Loughran, Matthew W Kemp, Gabrielle C Musk
The aim of this case series was to describe the differences between maternal and fetal blood-gas results during anesthesia. Sixteen singleton adult merino ewes weighing 60.1 ± 5.1 kg at 125.7 d (124 to 126 d) gestation were anesthetized. Maternal (radial) and fetal (umbilical) arterial blood gas samples were collected 79 ± 6 min after the start of anesthesia if maternal mean arterial pressure (MAP) was stable and > 65 mmHg. Fetal pH, partial arterial pressure of oxygen (PaO2), glucose, arterial hemoglobin oxygen saturation (SaO2), sodium, and chloride were significantly lower and fetal partial arterial pressure of carbon dioxide (PaCO2), lactate, hematocrit, total hemoglobin, potassium, and calcium were significantly higher than maternal blood-gas values...
July 2017: Canadian Journal of Veterinary Research, Revue Canadienne de Recherche Vétérinaire
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724748/depressed-synaptic-transmission-and-reduced-vesicle-release-sites-in-huntington-s-disease-neuromuscular-junctions
#14
Ahmad Khedraki, Eric J Reed, Shannon H Romer, Qingbo Wang, William Romine, Mark M Rich, Robert J Talmadge, Andrew A Voss
Huntington's disease (HD) is a progressive and fatal degenerative disorder that results in debilitating cognitive and motor dysfunction. Most HD studies have focused on degeneration of the central nervous system. We previously discovered that skeletal muscle from transgenic R6/2 HD mice is hyperexcitable due to decreased chloride and potassium conductances. The progressive and early onset of these defects suggest a primary myopathy in HD. In this study, we examined the relationship between neuromuscular transmission and skeletal muscle hyperexcitability...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724055/bone-turnover-after-bariatric-surgery
#15
Thalita Lima Melo, Leila Froeder, Leandro da Cunha Baia, Ita Pfeferman Heilberg
Objective: The aim of the present study was to evaluate parameters of bone and mineral metabolism after bariatric surgery. Subjects and methods: This sectional study included data from medical records from 61 bariatric surgery (BS) patients (minimum period of 6 months after the procedure) and from 30 class II and III obese patients as a control group (Cont), consisting of daily dietary intake of macronutrients, calcium and sodium, serum 25(OH)D and parathyroid hormone (PTH) and other biochemical serum and urinary parameters...
July 13, 2017: Archives of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723651/suppression-of-clc-3-chloride-channel-reduces-the-aggressiveness-of-glioma-through-inhibiting-nuclear-factor-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-pathway
#16
Bing Wang, Jing Xie, Hai-Yong He, En-Wen Huang, Qing-Hua Cao, Lun Luo, Yong-Shi Liao, Ying Guo
CLC-3 chloride channel plays important roles on cell volume regulation, proliferation and migration in normal and cancer cells. Recent growing evidence supports a critical role of CLC-3 in glioma metastasis, however, the mechanism underlying is unclear. This study finds that CLC-3 is upregulated in glioma tissues and positively correlated with WHO histological grade. Patients with high CLC-3 expression had an overall shorter survival time, whereas patients with low expression of CLC-3 had a better survival time...
July 8, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723476/charting-recent-progress-and-challenges-in-metastatic-castration-resistant-prostate-cancer-is-there-an-optimal-treatment-sequence
#17
REVIEW
Stéphane Oudard, Pablo Maroto, Gaston Demonty, Winald R Gerritsen
CONTEXT: Recent developments in the treatment of metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) have led to uncertainty about the optimal sequence of agents. OBJECTIVE: To review and assess treatment options and sequence in patients with mCRPC. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: To identify data on the optimal use of approved treatments, we searched PubMed for studies on the use of recently approved agents for men with mCRPC published before March 2015...
October 2016: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723218/aluminum-chloride-mediated-dieckmann-cyclization-for-the-synthesis-of-cyclic-2-alkyl-1-3-alkanediones-one-step-synthesis-of-the-chiloglottones
#18
Ahlam M Armaly, Sukanta Bar, Corinna S Schindler
Cyclic 2-alkyl-1,3-alkanediones are ubiquitous structural motifs in many natural products of biological importance. Reported herein is an AlCl3·MeNO2-mediated Dieckmann cyclization reaction of general synthetic utility that enables direct access to complex 2-alkyl-1,3-dione building blocks from readily available dicarboxylic acid and acid chloride substrates. This new strategy enables direct synthetic access to the chiloglottone plant pheromones from commercial material in a single synthetic transformation...
July 19, 2017: Organic Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723217/acid-chlorides-as-formal-carbon-dianion-linchpin-reagents-in-the-aluminum-chloride-mediated-dieckmann-cyclization-of-dicarboxylic-acids
#19
Ahlam M Armaly, Sukanta Bar, Corinna S Schindler
The development of acid chlorides as formal dianion linchpin reagents that enable access to cyclic 2-alkyl- and 2-acyl-1,3-alkanediones from dicarboxylic acids is described herein. Mechanistic experiments relying on (13)C-labeling studies confirm the role of acid chlorides as carbon dianion linchpin reagents and have led to a revised reaction mechanism for the aluminum(III)-mediated Dieckmann cyclization of dicarboxylic acids with acid chlorides.
July 19, 2017: Organic Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723158/pd-catalyzed-decarbonylative-cross-couplings-of-aroyl-chlorides
#20
Christian A Malapit, Naoko Ichiishi, Melanie S Sanford
This report describes a method for Pd-catalyzed decarbonylative cross-coupling that enables the conversion of carboxylic acid derivatives to biaryls, aryl amines, aryl ethers, aryl sulfides, aryl boronate esters, and trifluoromethylated arenes. The success of this transformation leverages the Pd(0)/Brettphos-catalyzed decarbonylative chlorination of aroyl chlorides, which can then participate in diverse cross-coupling reactions in situ using the same Pd catalyst.
July 19, 2017: Organic Letters
keyword
keyword
50732
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"