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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231617/characterization-of-staphylococcus-epidermidis-strains-isolated-from-industrial-cleanrooms-under-regular-routine-disinfection
#1
U Ribič, A Klančnik, B Jeršek
AIMS: The purpose of this study was the genotypic and phenotypic characterization of 57 strains of Staphylococcus epidermidis isolated from cleanroom environments, based on their biofilm formation and antimicrobial resistance profiles. METHODS AND RESULTS: Biofilm formation was investigated using real-time PCR (icaA, aap, bhp genes), the Congo red agar method, and the crystal violet assay. The majority of the strains (59.7%; 34/57) did not form biofilms according to the crystal violet assay, although the biofilm-associated genes were present in 94...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230029/clinical-efficacy-and-safety-of-gemcitabine-plus-nedaplatin-in-the-treatment-of-advanced-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma
#2
Yan Hu, Jiang Tao Fu, Dongmei Shi, Biao Feng, Zhichao Shi
OBJECTIVE: The purpose was to explore the clinical effects and safety of gemcitabine plus nedaplatin in the treatment of advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From March 2014 to August 2015, we recruited 63 advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients in our hospital. Moreover, the 62 cases were randomly divided into control group (n = 31) and treatment group (n = 32). Patients in the control groups were treated with 5-fluorouracil 500 mg/m 2 + 500 ml 0...
December 2016: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229933/nuclear-lamins-and-progerin-are-dispensable-for-antioxidant-nrf2-response-to-arsenic-and-cadmium
#3
Kazunori Hashimoto, Rima Majumdar, Yoshiaki Tsuji
Lamins are important constituents of the nuclear inner membrane and provide a platform for transcription factors and chromatin. Progerin, a C-terminal truncated lamin A mutant, causes premature aging termed Hutchinson-Gilford Progeria Syndrome (HGPS). Oxidative stress appears to be involved in the pathogenesis of HGPS, although the mechanistic role of progerin remains elusive. Here we examined whether nuclear lamins are important for a cellular antioxidant mechanism, and whether progerin compromises it. We investigated the activation of nuclear factor-E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) which regulates various antioxidant genes including heme oxygenase-1 (HMOX1), following exposure to sodium arsenite or cadmium chloride in lamin knockdown human cell lines and primary HGPS human fibroblasts...
February 14, 2017: Cellular Signalling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229914/quercetin-exerts-preventive-ameliorative-and-prophylactic-effects-on-cadmium-chloride-induced-oxidative-stress-in-the-uterus-and-ovaries-of-female-wistar-rats
#4
Victor Udo Nna, Umar Zayyanu Usman, Emmanuel Oleba Ofutet, Daniel Udofia Owu
This study examined the possible protective effect of quercetin(QE) on cadmium chloride (CdCl2) - induced reproductive toxicity in female rats. Cadmium accumulated in the uterus and ovaries of rats, decreased antioxidants [superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GPx) and glutathione (GSH)], and raised the concentrations of malondialdehyde (MDA) and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) in the uterus and ovaries of rats. Serum concentrations of estradiol, progesterone, follicle stimulating hormone and luteinizing hormone decreased significantly after CdCl2 administration...
February 13, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229146/c4-ferrocenylsilyl-bridged-and-substituted-n-heterocyclic-carbenes-complexation-of-germanium-chloride
#5
Yuzhong Wang, Hunter P Hickox, Pingrong Wei, Gregory H Robinson
While the 1 : 1 reaction of C4-trichlorosilyl-functionalized N-heterocyclic carbene (NHC) (2) with [(η(5)-C5H4Li)2Fe]3[TMEDA]2 (3) gives C4-sila[1]ferrocenophane-substituted NHC (4), C4-ferrocenylsilyl-bridged bis-NHC (6) is synthesized by combining 3 with C4-chlorodimethylsilyl-functionalized NHC (5) in a 1 : 2 ratio, (compound 5 is prepared by reaction of the anionic N-heterocyclic dicarbene (NHDC) [:C{[N(2,6-Pr(i)2C6H3)]2CHCLi}]n (1) with Me2SiCl2). In addition, ligand 4- and 6-based GeCl2 complexes (7 and 8) are also synthesized...
February 23, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228862/highly-bulky-and-stable-geometry-constrained-iminopyridines-synthesis-structure-and-application-in-pd-catalyzed-suzuki-coupling-of-aryl-chlorides
#6
Yi Lai, Zhijian Zong, Yujie Tang, Weimin Mo, Nan Sun, Baoxiang Hu, Zhenlu Shen, Liqun Jin, Wen-Hua Sun, Xinquan Hu
A series of bulky geometry-constrained iminopyridylpalladium chlorides were developed. The steric environment adjacent to the nitrogen atom in the pyridine rings and diimine parts enhanced the thermal stability of the palladium species. Bulkier groups at the imino group stabilized the palladium species and the corresponding palladium chlorides showed high activities in the coupling reaction of aryl chlorides.
2017: Beilstein Journal of Organic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228777/natural-mineral-waters-chemical-characteristics-and-health-effects
#7
REVIEW
Sara Quattrini, Barbara Pampaloni, Maria Luisa Brandi
Water contributes significantly to health and a daily intake of 1.5 to 2 liters of water should be guaranteed, because a good hydration is essential to maintain the body water equilibrium, although needs may vary among people. However, worldwide population is far from the Recommended Allowance for water intake. Among the waters for human uses, there are 'waters (treated or not), intended for drinking, used for the food and beverages preparation or for other domestic purposes' and natural mineral waters, that are 'originated from an aquifer or underground reservoir, spring from one or more natural or bore sources and have specific hygienic features and, eventually, healthy properties'...
September 2016: Clinical Cases in Mineral and Bone Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228375/is-it-time-to-reinvent-basic-cell-culture-medium
#8
Turney J McKee, Svetlana V Komarova
The success of in vitro experiments depends largely on the quality of the cell culture media. Four synthetic media formulations, Dulbecco's Modified Minimum Essential Media (DMEM), RPMI 1640, Minimum Essential Media and its alpha modification (MEM), and Medium 199 (M199) are used in ~90% of published in vitro studies. We compared the levels of electrolytes and carbohydrates in these media formulations to physiological values in plasma and cerebrospinal fluid. The most commonly used media, DMEM and RPMI 1640, largely deviate from physiological levels of glucose...
February 22, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Cell Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228035/a-molecular-dynamics-investigation-of-the-influence-of-water-structure-on-ion-conduction-through-a-carbon-nanotube
#9
L Liu, G N Patey
Molecular dynamics simulations are employed to investigate pressure-driven water and ion transport through a (9,9) carbon nanotube (CNT). We consider NaCl solutions modeled with both the TIP3P and TIP4P/2005 water models. Concentrations range from 0.25 to 2.8 mol l(-1) and temperatures from 260 to 320 K are considered. We discuss the influences on flow rates of continuum hydrodynamic considerations and molecular structural effects. We show that the flow rate of water, sodium, and chloride ions through the CNT is strongly model dependent, consistent with earlier simulations of pure water conduction...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227291/development-of-a-head-phantom-and-measurement-setup-for-lightning-effects
#10
Rene Machts, Alexander Hunold, Carsten Leu, Jens Haueisen, Michael Rock, Rene Machts, Alexander Hunold, Carsten Leu, Jens Haueisen, Michael Rock, Alexander Hunold, Carsten Leu, Jens Haueisen, Michael Rock, Rene Machts
Direct lightning strikes to human heads lead to various effects ranging from Lichtenberg figures, over loss of consciousness to death. The evolution of the induced current distribution in the head is of great interest to understand the effect mechanisms. This work describes a technique to model a simplified head-phantom to investigate effects during direct lightning strike. The head-phantom geometry, conductive and dielectric parameters were chosen similar to that of a human head. Three layers (brain, skull, and scalp) were created for the phantom using agarose hydrogel doped with sodium chloride and carbon...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225127/high-chloride-content-calcium-silicate-glasses
#11
Xiaojing Chen, Natalia Karpukhina, Delia S Brauer, Robert G Hill
Chloride is known to volatilize from silicate glass melts and until now, only a limited number of studies on oxychloride silicate glasses have been reported. In this paper we have synthesized silicate glasses that retain large amounts of CaCl2. The CaCl2 has been added to the calcium metasilicate composition (CaO·SiO2). Glasses were produced via a melt quench route and an average of 70% of the chloride was retained after melting. Up to 31.6 mol% CaCl2 has been successfully incorporated into these silicate glasses without the occurrence of crystallization...
February 22, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225109/on-the-coordination-non-innocence-of-antimony-in-nickel-ii-complexes-of-the-tetradentate-o-ph2p-c6h4-3sb-ligand
#12
J Stuart Jones, Casey R Wade, Mengxi Yang, François P Gabbaï
In a continuation of our investigations into the unusual properties of antimony-based ligands, we have decided to investigate the structure of the complexes formed by the tetradentate ligands (o-(Ph2P)C6H4)3E (E = P (1), As (2), Sb (3)) with NiCl2. We observed that the structure of the resulting complexes depends on the nature of the central pnictogen atom E, with the phosphorus- and arsenic-based systems adopting ionic structures of the type [ClNi(o-(Ph2P)C6H4)3E][Cl] (E = P ([4][Cl]), As ([5][Cl])) while the known antimony complex ClNi(o-(Ph2P)C6H4)3SbCl (6-Cl) is molecular, with a chloride anion bound to the antimony atom trans from the nickel atom...
February 22, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225032/4-isopropylcyclohexanol-has-potential-analgesic-effects-through-the-inhibition-of-anoctamin-1-trpv1-and-trpa1-channel-activities
#13
Yasunori Takayama, Hidemasa Furue, Makoto Tominaga
Interactions between calcium-activated chloride channel anoctamin 1 (ANO1) and transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) enhance pain sensations in mice, suggesting that ANO1 inhibition could have analgesic effects. Here we show that menthol and the menthol analogue isopropylcyclohexane (iPr-CyH) inhibited ANO1 channels in mice. The iPr-CyH derivative 4-isopropylcyclohexanol (4-iPr-CyH-OH) inhibited mouse ANO1 currents more potently than iPr-CyH. Moreover, 4-iPr-CyH-OH inhibited the activities of TRPV1, TRP ankyrin 1 (TRPA1), TRP melastatin 8 (TRPM8) and TRPV4...
February 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224900/chemical-oxygen-demand-historical-perspectives-and-future-challenges
#14
REVIEW
René Bernard Geerdink, Ricardo Sebastiaan van den Hurk, Onno Jacob Epema
Determining the chemical oxygen demand (COD) is challenging because of the chemicals that are used in the current methods. There is an urgent need to determine the pollution in surface waters from (heavy) industry via a simple, reliable and fast method. However, the current procedures use hazardous chemicals, such as mercury, to suppress chloride interferences. This challenge has not been resolved. The introduction of modern detection techniques, such as chemiluminescence and oxidation procedures, e.g., microwave and ultrasound dissolution, has not resulted in a breakthrough...
April 8, 2017: Analytica Chimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224655/rna-seq-analysis-of-transcriptional-change-in-the-freshwater-mussel-elliptio-complanata-after-environmentally-relevant-sodium-chloride-exposure
#15
Laura S Robertson, Heather S Galbraith, Deborah Iwanowicz, Carrie J Blakeslee, R Scott Cornman
To identify potential biomarkers of salt stress in a freshwater sentinel species, we examined transcriptional responses of the common mussel Elliptio complanata to controlled NaCl exposures. RNA-Seq of mantle tissue identified 481 transcripts differentially expressed in adult mussels exposed to 2 ppt NaCl (1.2 ppt chloride) for seven days, of which 290 had non-overlapping intervals. Differentially expressed gene categories included ion and transmembrane transport, oxidoreductase activity, maintenance of protein folding, and amino acid metabolism...
February 22, 2017: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223911/fetpps-reduces-secondary-damage-and-improves-neurobehavioral-functions-after-traumatic-brain-injury
#16
Giuseppe Bruschetta, Daniela Impellizzeri, Michela Campolo, Giovanna Casili, Rosanna Di Paola, Irene Paterniti, Emanuela Esposito, Salvatore Cuzzocrea
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) determinate a cascade of events that rapidly lead to neuron's damage and death. We already reported that administration of FeTPPS, a 5,10,15,20-tetrakis (4-sulfonatophenyl) porphyrin iron III chloride peroxynitrite decomposition catalyst, possessed evident neuroprotective effects in a experimental model of spinal cord damage. The present study evaluated the neuroprotective property of FeTPPS in TBI, using a clinically validated model of TBI, the controlled cortical impact injury (CCI)...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223230/myotoxicity-of-statins-mechanism-of-action
#17
REVIEW
Patrick du Souich, Ghislaine Roederer, Robert Dufour
Statins are effective drugs to reduce cardiovascular events secondary to dyslipidemia; however, they cause frequent undesirable side effects. The incidence of statin-induced myotoxicity (SIM) is presented by 7 to 29% of patients, depending upon the report. SIM may develop in presence of abnormally high concentrations of statins in the myocyte and/or in presence of muscular conditions that may predispose to SIM. High concentrations of statins in the myocyte may occur whenever the activity of liver influx membrane transporters, namely OATP1B1, of drug metabolizing enzymes, and of liver and muscular efflux transporters, MDR1 and BCRP, is reduced...
February 14, 2017: Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223120/supramolecular-formulation-of-nitidine-chloride-can-alleviate-its-hepatotoxicity-and-improve-its-anticancer-activity
#18
Wanying Li, Hang Yin, David Bardelang, Jianbo Xiao, Ying Zheng, Ruibing Wang
Nitidine chloride (NC) has demonstrated promising anticancer activity. However, NC has also shown non-specific toxicity in various healthy organs such as the liver. In this study, we aimed to develop a supramolecular formulation for NC and investigate the associated benefits of such a supramolecular formulation on modulating its inherent hepatotoxicity and anticancer activity. The formation of NC-cucurbit[7]uil (NC@CB[7]) complexes was characterized by (1)H nuclear magnetic resonance and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, differential scanning calorimetry and powder X-ray diffraction analysis...
February 18, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223080/novel-process-combining-anaerobic-aerobic-digestion-and-ion-exchange-resin-for-full-recycling-of-cassava-stillage-in-ethanol-fermentation
#19
Xinchao Yang, Ke Wang, Huijun Wang, Jianhua Zhang, Zhonggui Mao
A novel cleaner ethanol production process has been developed. Thin stillage is treated initially by anaerobic digestion followed by aerobic digestion and then further treated by chloride anion exchange resin. This allows the fully-digested and resin-treated stillage to be completely recycled for use as process water in the next ethanol fermentation batch, which eliminates wastewater discharges and minimizes consumption of fresh water. The method was evaluated at the laboratory scale. Process parameters were very similar to those found using tap water...
February 17, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222767/knockdown-of-slc41a1-magnesium-transporter-promotes-mineralization-and-attenuates-magnesium-inhibition-during-osteogenesis-of-mesenchymal-stromal-cells
#20
Yu-Tzu Tsao, Ya-Yi Shih, Yu-An Liu, Yi-Shiuan Liu, Oscar K Lee
BACKGROUND: Magnesium is essential for numerous physiological functions. Magnesium exists mostly in bone and the amount is dynamically regulated by skeletal remodeling. Accelerating bone mass loss occurs when magnesium intake is insufficient; whereas high magnesium could lead to mineralization defects. However, the underlying magnesium regulatory mechanisms remain elusive. In the present study, we investigated the effects of high extracellular magnesium concentration on osteogenic differentiation of mesenchymal stromal/stem cells (MSCs) and the role of magnesium transporter SLC41A1 in the mineralization process...
February 21, 2017: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
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