keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Shoulder injury

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140190/evaluation-of-a-shoulder-injury-prevention-program-in-wheelchair-basketball
#1
Jereme Wilroy, Elizabeth Hibberd
CONTEXT: Previous literature has theorized that alterations in shoulder physical characteristics are present in wheelchair athletes and contribute to shoulder pain and injury. Limited empirical evidence is present that evaluates the effectiveness of a shoulder injury prevention program focusing on improving these altered characteristics. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of a 6-week intervention program at improving characteristics that increases the risk of developing pain or shoulder injury...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140180/the-role-of-lumbopelvic-hip-complex-stability-in-softball-throwing-mechanics
#2
Gabrielle G Gilmer, Jessica K Washington, Jeffrey Dugas, James Andrews, Gretchen D Oliver
CONTEXT: Studies have found that a 20% reduction in energy generation from the lumbopelvic-hip complex (LPHC) during overhead throws leads to a 34% increase in load on the shoulder. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of LPHC stability, via the single leg squat (SLS) assessment, on throwing mechanics of softball athletes. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Laboratory setting. PARTICIPANTS: Fifty softball athletes (164...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140178/infraspinatus-cross-sectional-area-and-shoulder-range-of-motion-change-following-live-game-baseball-pitching
#3
Brett S Pexa, Eric D Ryan, Elizabeth E Hibberd, Elizabeth Teel, Terri Jo Rucinski, Joseph B Myers
CONTEXT: Following a baseball pitching bout, changes can occur to glenohumeral range of motion that could be linked to injury. These effects are in part due to the posterior shoulder's eccentric muscle activity, which can disrupt muscle contractile elements and lead to changes in muscle cross sectional area (CSA), as measured by ultrasound. OBJECTIVE: To assess changes in muscle CSA, and range of motion immediately before and after pitching, and days 1-5 following pitching...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140162/eight-week-return-to-play-following-latarjet-shoulder-reconstruction-in-an-australian-football-player-a-case-report
#4
Myles Murphy, Marshall Stockden, Ken Withers, William Breidahl, Jonathon Charlesworth
INTRODUCTION: Anterior shoulder dislocations are a common injury in many sports resulting in extended time lost from play with an extremely high recurrence rate in young athletes playing high risk sport. Latarjet shoulder reconstruction is a common surgical procedure used to prevent subsequent dislocation with an expected rehabilitation timeframe of between four to six months before return to play. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 21-year-old male Australian football player experienced two left sided shoulder dislocations before undergoing a left Latarjet shoulder reconstruction...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135783/beyond-the-bottom-of-the-foot-topographic-organization-of-the-foot-dorsum-in-walking
#5
Taryn Klarner, Gregory E P Pearcey, Yao Sun, Trevor S Barss, Chelsea Kaupp, Bridget Munro, Nick Frank, E Paul Zehr
INTRODUCTION: Sensory feedback from the foot dorsum during walking has only been studied globally by whole nerve stimulation. Stimulating the main nerve innervating the dorsal surface produces a functional stumble corrective response that is phase-dependently modulated. We speculated that effects evoked by activation of discrete skin regions on the foot dorsum would be topographically organized, as with the foot sole. METHODS: Nonnoxious electrical stimulation was delivered to five discrete locations on the dorsal surface of the foot during treadmill walking...
December 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135636/track-and-field-throwing-sports-injuries-and-prevention
#6
Adele Meron, Deborah Saint-Phard
Throwing events in track and field are among the oldest sporting events in recorded history and include shot put, discus, hammer, and javelin. All throwing athletes use the kinetic chain to transfer energy from the lower extremities, through the pelvis, trunk, shoulder, arm, wrist, hand, and finally into the implement to generate maximum force. Throughout this sequential activation, mobilization, and stabilization of body segments, there is opportunity for breakdown in the chain, which can lead to injury. This review describes the biomechanics and kinetic chain components of each event and highlights injuries common among all throwers as well as injuries unique to each event...
November 2017: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135565/pediatric-and-adolescent-anterior-shoulder-instability-clinical-management-of-first-time-dislocators
#7
Kenneth M Lin, Evan W James, Elad Spitzer, Peter D Fabricant
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to discuss the epidemiology, pathoanatomy, diagnosis, and clinical management of pediatric and adolescent patients following a first-time shoulder dislocation. RECENT FINDINGS: Shoulder instability is becoming increasingly common as pediatric and adolescent patients engage in earlier organized sports competition. Recommended treatment following a first-time glenohumeral dislocation event in adolescents depends on several factors, but surgical stabilization is becoming more frequently performed...
November 11, 2017: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133074/epidemiology-of-glenohumeral-dislocation-and-subsequent-instability-in-an-urban-population
#8
David W Shields, James G Jefferies, Andrew J Brooksbank, Neal Millar, Paul J Jenkins
BACKGROUND: Glenohumeral dislocation is the most commonly encountered adult joint instability. The epidemiology in the United Kingdom and worldwide is unclear and often limited to young, active groups that are not representative of general populations. Information regarding epidemiology and outcome from a first dislocation is useful for trauma service planning and patient counseling. We calculated the incidence of shoulder instability after a first dislocation in our urban population and investigated predictors of recurrent instability...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132141/shoulder-giant-schwannoma-a-diagnosis-to-be-considered-in-painless-shoulder-masses
#9
Romeu Pinho, Sara Santana, Filipa Farinha, Inês Cunha, Anabela Barcelos, José Brenha
Tumours formed from peripheral nerve sheaths are rare in the shoulder. We present the case of a 80-year-old female referred to an orthopaedic surgery clinic because of a large painless mass of the right shoulder, with one year of evolution. There was no history of trauma, involvement of any other joint or systemic complaints. Given the clinical and imagiological suspicion of a giant synovial cyst, the patient underwent complete surgical resection of the mass, which took place without any complications or functional impairment...
November 5, 2017: Acta Reumatológica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131235/anatomical-variations-of-brachial-plexus-in-fetal-cadavers
#10
Alparslan Kirik, Senem Ertuğrul Mut, Mehmet Kadri Daneyemez, Halil İbrahim Seçer
AIM: The plexus brachialis is a complex structure with anatomical variations and connections with neighboring tissues. These variations may cause disparity in the motor and sensorial innervations of the upper extremity. The knowledge of anatomy and probable variations are important for performing surgical procedures in the neck, shoulder and axilla. This study was planned to demonstrate the anatomical variations of infantile brachial plexus. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 20 plexus brachialis from 11 fetal cadavers were dissected and examined microscopically...
October 18, 2017: Turkish Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129131/increased-wound-complication-with-intramedullary-screw-fixation-of-clavicle-fractures-is-it-thermal-necrosis
#11
Peter Domos, Graham Tytherleigh-Strong, Lee Van Rensburg
PURPOSE: Adult mid-shaft clavicle fractures are common injuries. For displaced fractures, open reduction with plate or intramedullary (IM) fixation is the widely used techniques. All methods have their own potential drawbacks, especially related to local soft tissue complications. There is little information about outcome and management of local wound complications after clavicle fracture fixations. METHODS: Ninety-seven patients underwent open reduction and internal fixation, 17 were treated with IM screw fixation and 80 with plate fixation...
September 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126408/concomitant-glenohumeral-pathologies-in-high-grade-acromioclavicular-separation-type-iii-v
#12
Jochen Markel, Tim Schwarting, Dominik Malcherczyk, Christian-Dominik Peterlein, Steffen Ruchholtz, Bilal Farouk El-Zayat
BACKGROUND: Acromioclavicular joint (ACJ) dislocations are common injuries of the shoulder associated with physical activity. The diagnosis of concomitant injuries proves complicated due to the prominent clinical symptoms of acute ACJ dislocation. Because of increasing use of minimally invasive surgery techniques concomitant pathologies are diagnosed more often than with previous procedures. METHODS: The aim of this study was to identify the incidence of concomitant intraarticular injuries in patients with high-grade acromioclavicular separation (Rockwood type III - V) as well as to reveal potential risk constellations...
November 10, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125814/carpometacarpal-fracture-dislocation-of-the-fourth-and-fifth-finger-mid-term-results-of-15-patients
#13
Deniz Gülabi, Mehmet Ali Uysal, Bilgehan Çevik, Bülent Kılıç, Emre Karadeniz
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to retrospectively evaluate and compare the mid-term clinical follow-up results of patients who were treated with open or closed reduction due to carpometacarpal (CMC) fracture dislocation. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Medical charts of 15 patients (1 male, 14 females; mean age 32.5±10.5 years; range 18 to 55 years) who were operated for fourth and fifth finger CMC fracture dislocations were examined. Patients were divided into two groups according to applied treatment as closed reduction and percutaneous pinning (CRPP, n=6) and open reduction and percutaneous pinning (ORPP, n=9)...
December 2017: Eklem Hastalıkları Ve Cerrahisi, Joint Diseases & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122375/blunt-traumatic-axillary-artery-truncation-in-the-absence-of-associated-fracture
#14
Emily Bokser, William Caputo, Barry Hahn, Josh Greenstein
BACKGROUND: Axillary artery injuries can be associated with both proximal humeral fractures (Naouli et al., 2016; Ng et al., 2016) [1,2] as well as shoulder dislocations (Leclerc et al., 2017; Karnes et al., 2016) [3,4]. We report a rare case of an isolated axillary artery truncation following blunt trauma without any associated fracture or dislocation. CASE REPORT: A 58-year-old male presented to the emergency department for evaluation after falling on his outstretched right arm...
October 7, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122187/dynamic-and-static-shoulder-strength-relationship-and-predictive-model
#15
Alison C McDonald, Spencer M Savoie, Daanish M Mulla, Peter J Keir
Static strength is typically used to standardize occupational tasks in an effort to limit over-exertion injuries; however, workplace tasks are commonly dynamic in nature. The purpose of this investigation was to assess factors influencing isokinetic shoulder strength and to develop predictive equations for isokinetic shoulder flexion and extension strength using isometric strength. Fifteen women performed a set of concentric isokinetic and isometric shoulder flexion and extension maximal exertions across a series of movement planes, angular velocities, and grip types...
February 2018: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122116/mipo-of-proximal-humerus-fractures-through-an-anterolateral-acromial-approach-is-the-axillary-nerve-at-risk
#16
Josip Knežević, Mario Mihalj, Fabijan Čukelj, Arsen Ivanišević
PURPOSE: It is known that shoulder surgery may cause iatrogenic injury to the axillary nerve as a serious complication, but there is little evidence to indicate whether the axillary nerve is at risk of injury during an anterolateral acromial approach for minimally-invasive plate osteosynthesis (MIPO) of proximal humerus fractures. We hypothesised that this surgical method is safe for the axillary nerve and would preserve it from iatrogenic injury. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a prospective follow-up cohort study on 49 consecutive patients with proximal humerus fractures who were managed with MIPO through an anterolateral approach...
November 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117932/patient-transfers-and-risk-of-back-injury-protocol-for-a-prospective-cohort-study-with-technical-measurements-of-exposure
#17
Jonas Vinstrup, Pascal Madeleine, Markus Due Jakobsen, Kenneth Jay, Lars Louis Andersen
BACKGROUND: More than one third of nurses experience musculoskeletal pain several times during a normal work week. Consistent use of assistive devices during patient transfers is associated with a lower risk of occupational back injuries and low back pain (LBP). While uncertainties exist regarding which type of assistive devices most efficiently prevent LBP, exposure assessments using technological advancements allow for quantification of muscle load and body positions during common work tasks...
November 8, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117846/lunotriquetral-ligament-reconstruction-utilizing-a-palmaris-longus-autograft
#18
Carl M Harper, Matthew L Iorio
Injury to the lunotriquetral ligament can result in midcarpal instability, with resultant alterations in normal wrist kinematics and subsequent arthrosis. We performed a previously undescribed technique of lunotriquetral ligament reconstruction in two patients utilizing a palmaris longus tendon autograft. Average age at presentation was 24 years old with a mean follow up of 10 months. Average range of motion was 62.5° of flexion and 57.5° of extension. Total arc of motion was 83% of the contralateral uninvolved extremity...
December 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery Asian-Pacific Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117482/zero-echo-time-imaging-of-the-shoulder-enhanced-osseous-detail-by-using-mr-imaging
#19
Ryan E Breighner, Yoshimi Endo, Gabrielle P Konin, Lawrence V Gulotta, Matthew F Koff, Hollis G Potter
Purpose To determine the intermodality agreement of morphologic grading and clinically relevant quantitative measurements between computed tomography (CT) and zero echo time (ZTE) magnetic resonance (MR) imaging of the shoulder. The primary objective was to demonstrate the clinical applicability of ZTE in osseous shoulder imaging. Materials and Methods Thirty-four patients undergoing standard-of-care (SOC) MR imaging with concomitant CT were enrolled in this institutional review board-approved study. ZTE images were acquired after SOC MR imaging...
November 8, 2017: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117014/what-s-new-in-pediatric-upper-extremity-sports-injuries
#20
Jennifer J Beck, Connor G Richmond, Marc A Tompkins, Ann Heyer, Kevin G Shea, Aristides I Cruz
BACKGROUND: Sports injuries are common in pediatric and adolescent patients and the evaluation and treatment of these injuries continues to evolve. The purpose of this review is to provide a comprehensive appraisal of the most recent literature, highlighting updates on sports-related upper extremity injuries in pediatric patients. METHODS: An electronic search of the PubMed, EMBASE, and Google Scholar databases was performed for keywords related to pediatric overhead athletes, osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) of the capitellum, medial epicondyle fractures, shoulder instability, and clavicle fractures...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
keyword
keyword
50709
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"