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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211842/assessment-of-upper-limb-musculoskeletal-pain-and-posture-in-workers-of-packaging-units-of-pharmaceutical-industries
#1
Yasser Labbafinejad, Hossein Danesh, Zahra Imanizade
BACKGROUND: Work-related musculoskeletal disorders are defined as the disabling or painful injury to the muscles, nerves or tendons that are caused by work or aggravated by it. Some studies confirm the association between working in packaging units in various industries and the pain in the upper limb, but also there are controversies about the possible risk factors among different working populations. OBJECTIVE: The present study aims to define the potential ergonomic risk factors for musculoskeletal pain in the upper limb...
February 17, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210649/predictive-surgical-reasons-for-failure-after-coracoid-process-transfers
#2
Gregory Gasbarro, Juan Marcelo Giugale, Gilles Walch, Albert Lin
BACKGROUND: Recurrent anterior shoulder instability after coracoid process transfers may be caused by trauma, sports injury, or technical failure of the index procedure. Surgical techniques vary with regard to graft orientation and positioning and number of screws utilized for fixation. PURPOSE: To identify surgical and patient-related factors associated with failure, defined as the need for revision surgery. We hypothesized that failures will occur more commonly with single-screw fixation and graft malposition...
December 2016: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210648/utilization-of-platelet-rich-plasma-for-musculoskeletal-injuries-an-analysis-of-current-treatment-trends-in-the-united-states
#3
Joanne Y Zhang, Peter D Fabricant, Chad R Ishmael, Jeffrey C Wang, Frank A Petrigliano, Kristofer J Jones
BACKGROUND: Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) has emerged as a popular biologic treatment for musculoskeletal injuries and conditions. Despite numerous investigations on the efficacy of PRP therapy, current utilization of this treatment within the United States is not widely known. PURPOSE: To investigate the national utilization of PRP, including the incidence and conditions for which it is used in the clinical setting, and to determine the current charges associated with this treatment...
December 2016: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210068/use-of-an-arm-weight-bearing-combined-with-upper-limb-reaching-apparatus-to-facilitate-motor-paralysis-recovery-in-an-incomplete-spinal-cord-injury-patient-a-single-case-report
#4
Takashi Hoei, Kazumi Kawahira, Hidefumi Fukuda, Keizo Sihgenobu, Megumi Shimodozono, Tadashi Ogura
[Purpose] Training using an arm weight-bearing device combined with upper-limb reaching apparatus to facilitate motor paralysis recovery, named the "Reaching Robot", as well as Repetitive Facilitation Exercise were applied to a patient with severe impairment of the shoulder and elbow due to incomplete spinal cord injury and the effects were examined. [Subjects and Methods] A 66-year-old man with incomplete spinal cord injury participated in an upper extremity rehabilitation program involving a Reaching Robot...
January 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206959/association-of-polymorphisms-rs1800012-in-col1a1-with-sports-related-tendon-and-ligament-injuries-a-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
Chunguang Wang, Hao Li, Kang Chen, Bing Wu, Haifeng Liu
It has been reported that the single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs1800012 in COL1A1 might be associated with the susceptibility to sports-related tendon and ligament injuries such as ACL injuries, Achilles tendon injuries, shoulder dislocations and tennis elbow. But the data from different studies have been conflicting. Here we attempted to systematically summarize and clarify the association between the SNP and sports-related tendon and ligament injuries risk. Six eligible studies including 933 cases and 1,381 controls were acquired from PubMed, Web Of Science and Cochrane library databases...
February 11, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203603/physical-activity-level-and-sport-participation-in-relation-to-musculoskeletal-pain-in-a-population-based-study-of-adolescents-the-young-hunt-study
#6
Maren Hjelle Guddal, Synne Øien Stensland, Milada Cvancarova Småstuen, Marianne Bakke Johnsen, John-Anker Zwart, Kjersti Storheim
BACKGROUND: Prevalence of musculoskeletal pain among adolescents is high, and pain in adolescence increases the risk of chronic pain in adulthood. Studies have shown conflicting evidence regarding associations between physical activity and musculoskeletal pain, and few have evaluated the potential impact of sport participation on musculoskeletal pain in adolescent population samples. PURPOSE: To examine the associations between physical activity level, sport participation, and musculoskeletal pain in the neck and shoulders, low back, and lower extremities in a population-based sample of adolescents...
January 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198550/birth-injuries-to-growth-plates-a-sheep-in-wolves-clothing
#7
Jerrin Varghese, Matthew Teng, Mingqian Huang, Dvorah Balsam
Growth plate injuries (Salter-Harris type 1 or physeal fractures) of the long bones in the newborn are easily misdiagnosed as joint fractures with dislocations due to their nonossified epiphyses on plain radiographs. Diagnosis with musculoskeletal ultrasound (US) is advantageous due to its ability to visualize the nonossified epiphysis. We present two cases of humeral growth plate fractures in newborns, one at the shoulder (proximal humerus) and the other at the elbow (distal humerus). These cases emphasize the importance of quick and noninvasive diagnosis with US to avoid unnecessary intervention...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Ultrasound: JCU
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197695/rotational-glenohumeral-adaptations-are-associated-with-shoulder-pathology-in-professional-male-handball-players
#8
Przemyslaw Lubiatowski, Piotr Kaczmarek, Pawel Cisowski, Ewa Breborowicz, Monika Grygorowicz, Marcin Dzianach, Tomasz Krupecki, Lior Laver, Leszek Romanowski
PURPOSE: Glenohumeral range of motion adaptations may affect throwing athletes and contribute to shoulder injury. The purpose of this study was to evaluate shoulder rotation deficits among elite professional handball players and its correlation to the presence of shoulder pain and morphological changes. METHODS: Eighty-seven elite professional handball players and 41 healthy non-athlete volunteers participated in the study. Evaluations included measurement of range of internal and external rotation, total arch of motion, identification of shoulder pain and ultrasound scan for diagnosis of rotator cuff tears and internal impingement...
February 15, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195609/anatomical-relationship-of-the-axillary-nerve-to-the-pectoralis-major-tendon-insertion
#9
Brian Shiu, Ehsan Jazini, Astor Robertson, R Frank Henn, S Ashfaq Hasan
Axillary nerve injury is a risk of the deltopectoral approach to the proximal humerus. The anterior motor branch is potentially vulnerable during subdeltoid dissection. Insertion of the pectoralis major tendon is an easily identifiable landmark on the humerus. This anatomical study explored whether the superior aspect of the pectoralis major tendon is a useful landmark for localizing the anterior motor branch of the axillary nerve as it travels under the lateral and anterior deltoid muscle. A total of 30 fresh-frozen human bilateral cadaveric upper extremities were examined...
February 13, 2017: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194508/open-reduction-and-internal-fixation-for-intraarticular-fracture-of-metacarpal-head
#10
Jun-Ku Lee, Yong-Gil Jo, Ji-Woong Kim, Yun Seong Choi, Soo-Hong Han
Intraarticular fracture of the metacarpophalangeal (MP) joint presents complex problems related to the sophisticated functional aspects of the hand. Injury to the metacarpal head may have a severe effect on hand function but few studies have investigated the management of this condition. In this study, we applied open reduction and internal fixation for the displaced fracture of the metacarpal head and report the clinical and radiographic outcomes of our experience. Thirteen patients (12 men, 1 woman; mean age 21 years) were included in this study, and medical records and radiographs were reviewed retrospectively...
February 13, 2017: Der Orthopäde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194498/lateral-clavicle-fracture-with-coracoclavicular-ligament-injury-a-biomechanical-study-of-4-different-repair-techniques
#11
Farhang Alaee, John Apostolakos, Hardeep Singh, Christian Holwein, Theresa Diermeier, Mark P Cote, Knut Beitzel, Andreas B Imhoff, Augustus D Mazzocca, Andreas Voss
PURPOSE: To investigate the biomechanical performance of four different methods used for coracoclavicular (CC) ligament reconstruction in a lateral clavicle fracture repair. METHODS: Native displacement, translation, and rotation at the acromioclavicular joint of 24 fresh-frozen cadaveric shoulders were tested. A reproducible fracture in the lateral third of the clavicle was created by dissecting both CC ligaments. Each specimen was then repaired with plate fixation of the fracture and the following CC repair technique: (1) Cortical button...
February 14, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187720/long-term-outcome-following-upper-extremity-replantation-after-major-traumatic-amputation
#12
G Mattiassich, F Rittenschober, L Dorninger, J Rois, R Mittermayr, R Ortmaier, M Ponschab, K Katzensteiner, L Larcher
BACKGROUND: Amputations in general and amputations of upper extremities, in particular, have a major impact on patients' lives. There are only a few long-term follow-up reports of patients after macro-replantation. We present our findings in contrast with the existing literature. METHODS: Sixteen patients with traumatic macro-amputation of an upper extremity were eligible for inclusion in this study. Altogether, the patients underwent replantation in 3 institutions between 1983 and 2011...
February 10, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185640/maintaining-shoulder-health-after-spinal-cord-injury-a-guide-to-understanding-treatments-for-shoulder-pain
#13
Meegan G Van Straaten, Beth A Cloud, Kristin D Zhao, Emma Fortune, Melissa M B Morrow
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 6, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183230/arthroscopic-assisted-tendon-reconstruction-for-triangular-fibrocartilage-complex-irreparable-tears
#14
R Luchetti, A Atzei
We report our 11-year experience of performing arthroscopically assisted triangular fibrocartilage complex reconstruction in the treatment of chronic distal radio-ulnar joint instability resulting from irreparable triangular fibrocartilage complex injuries. Eleven patients were treated. Three skin incisions were made in order to create radial and ulna tunnels for passage of the tendon graft, which is used to reconstruct the dorsal and palmar radio-ulnar ligaments, under fluoroscopic and arthroscopic guidance...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery, European Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174479/effect-of-pain-free-range-exercise-on-shoulder-pain-and-range-of-motion-in-an-amateur-skier
#15
Won-Gyu Yoo
[Purpose] This study prescribed pain-free range exercises for a female amateur skier who complained of limitations in her shoulder range of motion, and pain caused by protective spasms; the tester evaluated the effects of such exercise on pain. [Subject and Methods] A 23-year-old female who complained of pain of 3 weeks in duration in the right glenohumoral and scapulothoracic joints was enrolled. [Results] After pain-free range exercises, the visual analog pain score was 2 and the shoulder flexion and abduction angles improved compared to the initial values...
December 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174223/fall-related-attendance-and-associated-hospitalisation-of-children-and-adolescents-in-hong-kong-a-12-year-retrospective-study
#16
James Chun-Yin Lee, Keith Tsz-Suen Tung, Tim M H Li, Frederick Ka-Wing Ho, Patrick Ip, Wilfred Hing-Sang Wong, Chun-Bong Chow
OBJECTIVES: The present study aimed to examine the trends and characteristics of fall-related attendance in accident and emergency department (AED) by injury type and the trend in associated average length of stay (LOS) among children and adolescents in Hong Kong. DESIGN: A retrospective approach was adopted. SETTING: AED, involving all local public emergency departments from 2001 to 2012. PARTICIPANTS: 63 557 subjects aged 0-19 years with fall injury record were included in the analysis...
February 7, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173784/a-protocol-for-a-new-methodological-model-for-work-related-shoulder-complex-injuries-from-diagnosis-to-rehabilitation
#17
Igor Setuain, Miriam Gonzalez-Izal, Ainara Paularena, Jose Luis Luque, Lars L Andersen, Mikel Izquierdo
BACKGROUND: Work-related injuries of the shoulder complex represent a challenge for clinicians because of the large variety of clinical entities involved and the broad anatomic structures that can be affected. Furthermore, commonly performed orthopedic tests have demonstrated limited accuracy for diagnosing the injury despite considerable research efforts. The aim of this study protocol is therefore to describe a comprehensive approach integrating both a clinical- and functional status-based pathology and an adapted rehabilitation prescription...
February 7, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168971/the-virtual-fracture-clinic-reducing-unnecessary-review-of-clavicle-fractures
#18
Rahul Bhattacharyya, Prem Ruben Jayaram, Robin Holliday, Paul Jenkins, Iain Anthony, Lech Rymaszewski
INTRODUCTION: We re-designed the outpatient management of trauma at our institution to eliminate appointments if there would be no change in management or information provision. All cases referred by the Emergency Department (ED) were reviewed at a Virtual Fracture Clinic (VFC) by an orthopaedic consultant and telephoned afterwards by a senior nurse. If face-to-face review was required, it was arranged at a specialist shoulder clinic. AIMS: The primary aim of this study was to evaluate the proportion of clavicle fractures that could be discharged without physical review...
January 27, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168319/outcomes-and-disability-after-massive-proximal-upper-extremity-reconstruction-in-a-resource-limited-setting
#19
Aviram M Giladi, R Raja Shanmugakrishnan, Hari Venkatramani, S Raja Sekaran, Kevin C Chung, S Raja Sabapathy
BACKGROUND: At Ganga Hospital in Coimbatore, India, a unique approach is applied to treat massive upper limb injuries. However, long-term outcomes of complex reconstruction performed in the resource-limited setting are not known. This hinders understanding of outcomes and disability from these injuries and prevents systematically addressing care delivery around upper extremity trauma in the developing world. This project aims to analyze the details of the unique Ganga Hospital reconstruction experience and use patient-reported outcome measures for the first time in this patient population to evaluate post-injury recovery and disability ...
February 6, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166893/the-impact-of-intraoperative-microbreaks-with-exercises-on-surgeons-a-multi-center-cohort-study
#20
M S Hallbeck, B R Lowndes, J Bingener, A M Abdelrahman, D Yu, A Bartley, A E Park
Recent literature has demonstrated ergonomic risk to surgeons in the operating room. One method used in other industries to mitigate these ergonomic risks is the incorporation of microbreaks. Thus, intraoperative microbreaks with exercises in a non-crossover design were studied. Fifty-six attending surgeons from 4 Medical Centers volunteered first in a day of their regular surgeries and then second day where there were microbreaks with exercises that could be performed in the sterile field, answering questions after each case, without significantly increasing the duration of their surgeries...
April 2017: Applied Ergonomics
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