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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319595/pythium-keratitis-leading-to-fatal-cavernous-sinus-thrombophlebitis
#1
Anubha Rathi, Arunaloke Chakrabarti, Tushar Agarwal, Neelam Pushker, Mukesh Patil, Hemant Kamble, Jeewan S Titiyal, Rishi Mohan, Seema Kashyap, Sanjay Sharma, Seema Sen, Gita Satpathy, Namrata Sharma
PURPOSE: To report a case of Pythium insidiosum keratitis leading to fatal cavernous sinus thrombophlebitis. METHODS: Case report. RESULTS: A 70-year-old man presented with excruciating pain, redness, and diminution of vision in his left eye for 2 weeks after washing his hair with tap water. A total corneal ulcer with surrounding infiltrates and associated corneal thinning was present. Corneal scraping revealed the presence of Gram-positive cocci...
January 9, 2018: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318991/in-vitro-investigation-of-the-pediculicidal-activities-of-the-volatile-oil-components-of-some-medical-plants-raised-in-turkey
#2
M Emin Limoncu, Cüneyt Balcıoğlu, Tuğba Oyur, Gizem Zeybek, Ulvi Zeybek
OBJECTIVE: The human head louse Pediculus capitis has recently acquired resistance to commercially available insecticides, which has expanded the search concerning the pediculicidal activities of some herbal products. The present study aimed to assess the in vitro pediculicidal activities of volatile oils extracted from 10 medical plants raised in Turkey: Rosa damascena (red provins rose), Pelargonium graveolens (geranium), Lavandula angustifolia (lavender), Salvia triloba (salvia), Rosmarinus officinalis (rosemary; two different chemotypes), Citrus bergamia (citrus tree), Cymbopogon nardus (citronella), Citrus limonum (lemon), and Cymbopogon flexuosus (lemongrass)...
December 2017: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284020/health-status-by-gender-hair-color-and-eye-color-red-haired-women-are-the-most-divergent
#3
Peter Frost, Karel Kleisner, Jaroslav Flegr
Red hair is associated in women with pain sensitivity. This medical condition, and perhaps others, seems facilitated by the combination of being red-haired and female. We tested this hypothesis by questioning a large sample of Czech and Slovak respondents about the natural redness and darkness of their hair, their natural eye color, their physical and mental health (24 categories), and other personal attributes (height, weight, number of children, lifelong number of sexual partners, frequency of smoking). Red-haired women did worse than other women in ten health categories and better in only three, being particularly prone to colorectal, cervical, uterine, and ovarian cancer...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202348/upper-lip-reconstruction-using-a-pedicel-superficial-temporal-artery-flap
#4
Mohammad M Al-Qattan, Abdullah E Kattan
INTRODUCTION: The hair-bearing superficial temporal artery free flap has been used in men for total upper lip reconstruction. In this paper we present a case of a partial upper lip defect in a man that was reconstructed with a pedicle superficial temporal artery flap. PRESENTATION OF CASE: Following a car accident, a 35-year old man sustained a partial upper defect. The defect included the entire "outer lamella" (i.e. the skin and red lip) of the right hemi-lip as well as the outer part of the muscle (i...
November 24, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195004/optimized-fluorescent-proteins-for-the-rhizosphere-associated-bacterium-bacillus-mycoides-with-endophytic-and-biocontrol-agent-potential
#5
Yanglei Yi, Elrike Frenzel, Jan Spoelder, J Theo M Elzenga, Jan Dirk van Elsas, Oscar P Kuipers
Tracking of fluorescent protein (FP)-labeled rhizobacteria is a key prerequisite to gain insights into plant-bacteria interaction mechanisms. However, the performance of FPs mostly has to be optimized for the bacterial host and for the environment of intended application. We report on the construction of mutational libraries of the superfolder green fluorescent protein sfGFP and the red fluorescent protein mKate2 in the bacterium B. mycoides, which next to its potential as plant-biocontrol agent occasionally enters an endophytic lifestyle...
December 1, 2017: Environmental Microbiology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187717/-a-case-of-liver-dysfunction-requiring-hospital-admission-after-taking-oral-itraconazole-for-the-treatment-of-kerion-celsi
#6
Eri Ikeda, Soko Watanabe, Mizuki Sawada, Junya Ninomiya, Itaru Dekio, Sumiko Ishizaki, Mariko Fujibayashi, Masaru Tanaka, Takashi Harada
  67-year-old female patient developed drug-induced liver dysfunction after taking oral itraconazole (ITCZ) for the treatment of kerion celsi. Red papules appeared on the temporal area of the patient one month prior to her visit to our clinic. The patient presented with a nodule with yellow crust, erosion, infiltration, and hair loss on the area. Diagnosis of kerion celsi caused by Trichophyton rubrum was made from clinical, pathological, and mycological findings. Laboratory data showed normal liver function, and the patient was not taking any other medication, thus, daily oral ITCZ 100 mg was started...
2017: Medical Mycology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184403/confocal-laser-scanning-microscopy-to-estimate-nanoparticles-human-skin-penetration-in-vitro
#7
Ying Zou, Anna Celli, Hanjiang Zhu, Akram Elmahdy, Yachao Cao, Xiaoying Hui, Howard Maibach
Objective: With rapid development of nanotechnology, there is increasing interest in nanoparticle (NP) application and its safety and efficacy on human skin. In this study, we utilized confocal laser scanning microscopy to estimate NP skin penetration. Methods: Three different-sized polystyrene NPs marked with red fluorescence were applied to human skin, and Calcium Green 5N was used as a counterstain. Dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) and ethanol were used as alternative vehicles for NPs...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161472/a-young-child-with-fever-alopecia-and-skin-nodules-a-clinicopathological-conference
#8
Pandiarajan Vignesh, Aman Gupta, Deepti Suri, Debajyoti Chatterjee, Uma Nahar Saikia, Amita Trehan, Surjit Singh
The illness started as a continuous high-grade fever noted up to 103°F.. Subsequently, he also developed red painful skin nodules that initially appeared over shins and later progressed to involve thighs, trunks, upper extremities, and face. The nodules also appeared over scalp and there was a was a progressive loss of scalp hair. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
November 21, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152297/sudden-swelling-and-redness-of-the-toe
#9
Vera Tengattini, Michela Magnano, Annalisa Patrizi, Iria Neri
The presence of history of redness and swelling of toe in an infant without history of trauma is typical of hair threat tourniquet syndrome. The treatment simply involves incision and removal of hair fibers. Physicians should be aware of this syndrome because early diagnosis and treatment avoid serious complications.
November 2017: Clinical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124788/need-for-multiscale-planning-for-conservation-of-urban-bats
#10
Travis Gallo, Elizabeth W Lehrer, Mason Fidino, R Julia Kilgour, Patrick J Wolff, Seth Magle
For over a century there have been continual efforts to incorporate nature into urban planning. These efforts - known as urban reconciliation- aim to manage and create habitats that support biodiversity within cities. Given that species select habitat at different spatial scales, understanding the scale at which urban species respond to their environment is critical to the success of urban reconciliation efforts. We assessed species-habitat relationships for common bat species at local (50-m), medium (500-m), and broad (1-km) spatial scales in the Chicago metropolitan area and predicted bat activity across the greater Chicago region...
November 10, 2017: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110673/clinical-outcomes-of-graves-ophthalmopathy-treated-with-intensity-modulated-radiation-therapy
#11
Yong-Jiang Li, Yong Luo, Wei-Min He, Ping Li, Feng Wang
BACKGROUND: Radiation for Graves' ophthalmopathy (GO) has traditionally utilized lateral opposing fields (LOF) or three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3DCRT) technique. The current study was conducted to report clinical outcomes and therapeutic effects of intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) in treating GO patients. METHODS: One hundred sixteen patients with GO were treated with IMRT as initial local therapy between July 2010 and August 2013, with a median follow-up of 62 months (range 45-81 months)...
November 6, 2017: Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081812/peptide-inhibitor-of-complement-c1-inhibits-the-peroxidase-activity-of-hemoglobin-and-myoglobin
#12
Pamela S Hair, Kenji M Cunnion, Neel K Krishna
Hemoglobin is the natural carrier of oxygen in red blood cells (RBCs). While intracellular hemoglobin provides life-sustaining oxygen transport, extracellular free hemoglobin displays toxicity due to inherent peroxidase activity generating reactive oxygen species that subsequently react with the hemoglobin molecule to produce toxic heme degradation products resulting in free radicals, oxidative stress damage, and lipid peroxidation. We have recently demonstrated that Peptide Inhibitor of Complement C1 (PIC1) inhibits peroxidase activity of the heme-based enzyme myeloperoxidase...
2017: International Journal of Peptides
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062845/efficacy-of-aloevera-cream-in-the-treatment-of-paederus-dermatitis-in-mice
#13
Ramin Khaghani, Iraj Mirzaii-Dizgah, Mostafa Ghasemi
BACKGROUND: Dermatitis caused by Paederus beetle involves many people around the world, especially Iran. The symptoms include redness, itching and severe irritation. This study evaluated the effectiveness of the Aloevera cream on the treatment of dermatitis caused by Paederus beetles. METHODS: Forty male 6-8 weeks BALB/C mice were randomly divided into four groups of 10 mice. After removing the mice's back hair, the backs of mice were marked by a circle with a diameter of 3 mm...
June 2017: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048992/eurasian-red-squirrels-show-little-seasonal-variation-in-metabolism-in-food-enriched-habitat
#14
James M Turner, Stephanie Reher, Lisa Warnecke, Kathrin H Dausmann
Energy expenditure and ambient temperature (Ta) are intrinsically linked through changes in an animal's metabolic rate. While the nature of this relationship is stable, the breadth of change in thermoregulatory cost varies with body size and physiological acclimatization to season. To explore seasonal metabolic changes of small mammals, we studied a population of Eurasian red squirrels (Sciurus vulgaris) in a seminatural environment with a year-round supply of natural and supplemented food. In each season we measured the metabolic rate of wild-caught red squirrels, using open-flow respirometry, and hypothesized that individuals would make adjustments to contend with seasonal weather conditions...
November 2017: Physiological and Biochemical Zoology: PBZ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037406/monitoring-changes-in-body-surface-temperature-associated-with-treadmill-exercise-in-dogs-by-use-of-infrared-methodology
#15
Maria Rizzo, Francesca Arfuso, Daniela Alberghina, Elisabetta Giudice, Matteo Gianesella, Giuseppe Piccione
The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of moderate treadmill exercise session on body surface and core temperature in dog measured by means of two infrared instruments. Ten Jack Russell Terrier/Miniature Pinscher mixed-breed dogs were subjected to 15min of walking, 10min of trotting and 10min of gallop. At every step, body surface temperature (Tsurface) was measured on seven regions (neck, shoulder, ribs, flank, back, internal thigh and eye) using two different methods, a digital infrared camera (ThermaCam P25) and a non-contact infrared thermometer (Infrared Thermometer THM010-VT001)...
October 2017: Journal of Thermal Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037398/thermoregulation-of-male-sheep-of-indigenous-or-exotic-breeds-in-a-tropical-environment
#16
Messy Hannear de Andrade Pantoja, Sérgio Novita Esteves, Manuel Antonio Chagas Jacinto, José Ricardo Macedo Pezzopane, Cláudia Cristina Paro de Paz, Jamile Andréa Rodrigues da Silva, José de Brito Lourenço Junior, Felipe Zandonadi Brandão, Ana Beatriz Bossois Moura, Narian Romanello, Daniela Botta, Alexandre Rossetto Garcia
Climate change has intensified the frequency of heat waves in the world, thereby exposing farm animals to stressful conditions. For better productive performance it is important to identify the most resilient genotypes. Thus, our objective was to evaluate the thermoregulatory responses of rams of tropical indigenous (Morada Nova and Santa Inês) and exotic breeds (Dorper and Texel), by monitoring the environmental and physiological indicators related to heat tolerance. The experiment was carried out in a tropical climate region (Cwa), in Brazil, for twelve months, which comprised spring, summer, autumn and winter...
October 2017: Journal of Thermal Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026752/hwa-hypoferritinemia-without-anemia-a-hidden-hematology-disorder
#17
Hassan A Al-Jafar
INTRODUCTION: Anemia is a condition, in which the number of red blood cells (RBC) and the hemoglobin (Hb) is insufficient to meet the body's physiologic needs. Hypoferritinemia without anemia (HWA) could cause masked clinical manifestations as general weakness, easy fatigability, depressed mode, and hair loss but with normal complete blood count (CBC) parameters. HWA is deferent from iron deficiency anemia (IDA) because there is no reduction in the RBC, Hb, or any of the other parameters of the CBC...
January 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967977/nail-involvement-in-alopecia-areata-a-questionnaire-based-survey-of-impact-on-quality-of-life-and-review-of-the-literature
#18
Yvonne B M Roest, Henrià T van Middendorp, Andrea W M Evers, Peter C M van de Kerkhof, Marcel C Pasch
Alopecia areata (AA) is an immune-mediated disease causing temporary or permanent hair loss. Up to 46% of patients with AA also have nail involvement. The aim of this study was to determine the presence, types, and clinical implications of nail changes in patients with AA. This questionnaire-based survey evaluated 256 patients with AA. General demographic variables, specific nail changes, nail-related quality of life (QoL), and treatment history and need were evaluated. Prevalence of nail involvement in AA was 64...
October 2, 2017: Acta Dermato-venereologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965590/the-association-between-mercury-levels-and-autism-spectrum-disorders-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Tina Jafari, Noushin Rostampour, Aziz A Fallah, Afshin Hesami
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The relationship between mercury and autism spectrum disorders (ASD) has always been a topic of controversy among researchers. This study aimed to assess the relationship between ASD and mercury levels in hair, urine, blood, red blood cells (RBC), and brain through a meta-analysis. METHODS: A systematic search was performed in several databases including PubMed, ISI Web of Science, Cochrane register of controlled trials, Google Scholar, Scopus, and MagIran until June 2017...
December 2017: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960300/differentiation-of-human-hair-by-colour-and-diameter-using-light-microscopy-digital-imaging-and-statistical-analysis
#20
M Mills, J Bonetti, T Brettell, L Quarino
This research introduces and evaluates a novel method that offers the potential of providing objective criteria to forensic microscopical hair comparisons. The method combines hair diameter with numeric characterisations of red, green, and blue colour content as determined with the use of digital imaging at defined locations of the hair. Thirty hairs were collected from each of twenty participants, all with naturally coloured brown hair. The hairs were examined with an Olympus BX53® polarising light microscope and digital images were viewed with an Olympus DP72® camera under 400× magnification...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Microscopy
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