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Healthcare worker immunizations

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048456/an-evaluation-of-attitude-toward-vaccines-among-healthcare-workers-of-a-university-hospital-in-southern-italy
#1
R Squeri, C Genovese, G Trimarchi, M A R Palamara, V La Fauci
BACKGROUND: Vaccination is an effective and safe health technology. Despite this vaccine coverage falls short of national and international targets. Study design. The aim of the study was to evaluate the views of medical staff at Messina University Hospital regarding vaccinations, their current and future vaccination status and whether they recommend it to their patients. METHODS: The study was conducted from April 2016 to March 2017 by an anonymous face-to-face questionnaire submitted to HCWs...
November 2017: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994712/improving-influenza-vaccination-rate-among-primary-healthcare-workers-in-qatar
#2
Khalid H Elawad, Elmoubasher A Farag, Dina A Abuelgasim, Maria K Smatti, Hamad E Al-Romaihi, Mohammed Al Thani, Hanan Al Mujalli, Zienab Shehata, Merin Alex, Asmaa A Al Thani, Hadi M Yassine
The purpose of this study was to improve influenza vaccination, and determine factors influencing vaccine declination among health care workers (HCW) in Qatar. We launched an influenza vaccination campaign to vaccinate around 4700 HCW in 22 Primary Health Care Corporation (PHCC) centers in Qatar between 1st and 15th of November, 2015. Our target was to vaccinate 60% of all HCW. Vaccine was offered free of charge at all centers, and information about the campaign and the importance of influenza vaccination was provided to employees through direct communication, emails, and social media networks...
October 10, 2017: Vaccines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985399/have-community-health-workers-increased-the-delivery-of-maternal-and-child-healthcare-in-india
#3
Abram L Wagner, Julia M Porth, Deepti Bettampadi, Matthew L Boulton
Background: Accredited Social Health Activists (ASHAs) are community health workers in rural India. This study estimates the proportion of villages with an ASHA and examines the impact of increased ASHA placement on changes in healthcare. Methods: Information about ASHA placement and maternal and child healthcare was obtained from the District-Level Household Surveys from 2007 to 2008 and 2012 to 2013. In this ecological analysis, the difference in district-level proportions of maternal and child healthcare outcomes between 2012-13 and 2007-08 was regressed onto the difference in ASHA placement between those years...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933342/ongoing-outbreak-with-well-over-4-000-measles-cases-in-italy-from-january-to-end-august-2017-what-is-making-elimination-so-difficult
#4
Antonietta Filia, Antonino Bella, Martina Del Manso, Melissa Baggieri, Fabio Magurano, Maria Cristina Rota
We report an ongoing measles outbreak in Italy, with over 4,400 cases reported in 20 Regions from January to August 2017. Median age was 27 years, 88% of the cases were unvaccinated. The highest incidence was in infants below one year of age and 7% of cases occurred among healthcare workers. Three deaths occurred and two cases of encephalitis were reported. Wide immunity gaps and nosocomial transmission are major challenges to measles elimination in Italy.
September 14, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838188/administering-multiple-injectable-vaccines-during-a-single-visit-summary-of-findings-from-the-accelerated-introduction-of-inactivated-polio-vaccine-globally
#5
REVIEW
Samantha B Dolan, Manish Patel, Lee M Hampton, Eleanor Burnett, Daniel C Ehlman, Julie Garon, Emily Cloessner, Elizabeth Chmielewski, Terri B Hyde, Carsten Mantel, Aaron S Wallace
Background: In 2013, the World Health Organization's (WHO's) Strategic Advisory Group of Experts (SAGE) recommended that all 126 countries using only oral polio vaccine (OPV) introduce at least 1 dose of inactivated polio vaccine (IPV) into their routine immunization schedules by the end of 2015. In many countries, the addition of IPV would necessitate delivery of multiple injectable vaccines (hereafter, "multiple injections") during a single visit, with infants receiving IPV alongside pentavalent vaccine (which covers diphtheria, tetanus, and whole-cell pertussis; hepatitis B; and Haemophilus influenzae type b) and pneumococcal vaccine...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807604/focusing-on-the-implementation-of-21st-century-vaccines-for-adults
#6
Paolo Bonanni, Guglielmo Bonaccorsi, Chiara Lorini, Francesca Santomauro, Emilia Tiscione, Sara Boccalini, Angela Bechini
Adult immunization is a priority for public health, particularly in countries where an aging population has become increasingly more numerous. Protection against diseases which typically affect adults (like flu, pneumococcal diseases and Herpes zoster), the shift of age of infections which originally affected children (like measles), the decreasing protection with time for infections which need periodical booster doses of vaccines (Tdap), the availability of vaccines which can also impact on adult health (HPV) are only some examples of the importance of implementing targeted vaccination strategies...
August 11, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793935/utilization-of-electronic-health-record-events-to-conduct-a-tuberculosis-contact-investigation-in-a-high-risk-oncology-unit
#7
Shauna C Usiak, Fabian A Romero, Patrice Schwegman, Violet Fitzpatrick, MaryAnn Connor, Janet Eagan, Arthur E Brown, Mini Kamboj
OBJECTIVE To describe the utilization of electronic medical data resources, including health records and nursing scheduling resources, to conduct a tuberculosis (TB) exposure investigation in a high-risk oncology unit. SETTING A 42-bed inpatient unit with a mix of surgical and medical patients at a large tertiary-care cancer center in New York City. PARTICIPANTS High-risk subjects and coworkers exposed to a healthcare worker (HCW) with cavitary smear positive lung TB. RESULTS During the 3-month exposure period, 270 patients were admitted to the unit; 137 of these (50...
August 10, 2017: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793335/estimation-of-sickness-absenteeism-among-italian-healthcare-workers-during-seasonal-influenza-epidemics
#8
Maria Michela Gianino, Gianfranco Politano, Antonio Scarmozzino, Lorena Charrier, Marco Testa, Sebastian Giacomelli, Alfredo Benso, Carla Maria Zotti
OBJECTIVES: To analyze absenteeism among healthcare workers (HCWs) at a large Italian hospital and to estimate the increase in absenteeism that occurred during seasonal flu periods. DESIGN: Retrospective observational study. METHODS: The absenteeism data were divided into three "epidemic periods," starting at week 42 of one year and terminating at week 17 of the following year (2010-2011, 2011-2012, 2012-2013), and three "non-epidemic periods," defined as week 18 to week 41 and used as baseline data...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683822/hepatitis-b-virus-vaccination-status-and-associated-factors-among-health-care-workers-in-shashemene-zonal-town-shashemene-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Tsega-Ab Abebaw, Zewdie Aderaw, Bereket Gebremichael
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) remains a major global health problem. More than three-quarters of HBV infection occur in Asia, the Middle East and Africa. Healthcare workers (HCWs) are at risk of acquiring HBV, hepatitis C (HCV) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infections via exposure to patients' blood and bodily fluids. HBV infection is a recognized occupational hazard, and non-immune health professionals are at risk of acquiring the infection from their work. This study was intended to assess the level of HBV vaccination status and factors affecting the vaccination status of health care workers in Shashemene Zonal Town...
July 6, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666760/vaccination-coverage-among-social-and-healthcare-workers-in-ten-countries-of-samu-social-international-sites
#10
Esaie Marshall, Dominique Salmon, Nadia Bousfiha, Yacouba Togola, François Ouedraogo, Maud Santantonio, Coumba Khadidja Dieng, Suzanne Tartière, Xavier Emmanuelli
BACKGROUND: We aim to determine the vaccination coverage of social and healthcare workers in International sites of Samusocial, providing emergency care to homeless people, and to assess factors associated with having received necessary doses at adulthood. METHODS: Data on immunization coverage of social and healthcare workers were provided by a cross-sectional survey, conducted from February to April 2015 among 252 Samusocial workers in 10 countries. Vaccination status and characteristics of participants were collected through a self-administered questionnaire...
June 27, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661516/knowledge-attitudes-beliefs-and-practices-of-occupational-physicians-towards-vaccinations-of-health-care-workers-a-cross-sectional-pilot-study-in-north-eastern-italy
#11
Matteo Riccò, Silvia Cattani, Franca Casagranda, Giovanni Gualerzi, Carlo Signorelli
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to characterize personal attitudes and knowledge of a sample of Italian occupational physicians (OPhs) towards immunization practice in the case of healthcare workers (HCWs). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 90 OPhs (42.2% of males, 57.8% of females, mean age of 50.1±8.3 years old) compiled a structured questionnaire through a telephonic interview. They were asked about the official Italian recommendations for HCWs, their general knowledge of vaccine practice, their propensity towards vaccines (both in general and about specific immunizations), their risk perception about the vaccine-preventable infectious diseases...
June 29, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661392/measles-outbreak-after-12-years-without-endemic-transmission-portugal-february-to-may-2017
#12
Francisco George, João Valente, Gonçalo F Augusto, Andreia J Silva, Natália Pereira, Teresa Fernandes, Paula Palminha, Bárbara A Aguiar, António Martins, Estêvão Santos, Paula Valente, Etelvina Calé, Ana Leça, Paulo J Nogueira
We report a measles outbreak in two Portuguese health regions (Algarve and Lisbon and the Tagus Valley) since February 2017, and which by 31 May resulted in 28 confirmed cases, of which 16 were unvaccinated. Thirteen cases were healthcare workers. One unvaccinated teenager died. Genotype B3 was identified in 14 cases from both regions. This outbreak occurs after 12 years without endemic measles transmission, and in a context of high measles vaccination coverage and immunity.
June 8, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617216/the-effect-of-performance-based-financing-on-maternal-healthcare-use-in-burundi-a-two-wave-pooled-cross-sectional-analysis
#13
Martin Rudasingwa, Robert Soeters, Olivier Basenya
BACKGROUND: Several developing countries, especially in Africa, have implemented performance-based financing (PBF) schemes with the aim of improving healthcare provision. PBF was first implemented in Burundi in 2006 as a pilot programme in three provinces and was rolled out nationwide in 2010. OBJECTIVE: To enrich existing studies on Burundi in three ways. Firstly, by evaluating the effect of PBF on maternal care at primary and hospital levels; secondly, on the possession of maternity logbooks for maternal care records; and thirdly, how the amount of subsidies influences healthcare outputs...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579471/first-case-of-vaccine-strain-varicella-infection-as-manifestation-of-hiv-in-healthcare-worker-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#14
REVIEW
B D Navalkele, O Henig, M Fairfax, E Flanagan, M Upfal, J Russell, S Dhar, K Kaye, T Chopra
Live-attenuated varicella vaccination is safe in non-immunocompromised populations and is associated with rare non-serious adverse events. A healthcare worker (HCW) developed varicella infection, and exposure investigation led to immunization against varicella in an exposed non-immune HCW. Subsequently, vaccine-strain-induced disseminated varicella and progressive outer retinal necrosis in the exposed HCW resulted in identification of undiagnosed human immunodeficiency virus infection. This article reviews serious adverse events from varicella vaccination, and extreme caution is advised prior to live vaccination of HCWs...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569334/knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-of-agricultural-workers-towards-tetanus-vaccine-a-field-report
#15
M Riccò, B Razio, C Panato, L Poletti, C Signorelli
BACKGROUND: Agricultural Workers are both more exposed to tetanus and at higher risk to be inadequately immunized than other usual recipients of the same vaccine. STUDY DESIGN: Our cross-sectional questionnaire-based study aimed to evaluate tetanus vaccination status, knowledge, attitudes and practices in Agricultural Workers in North-Eastern Italy. METHODS: Bivariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to identify, from individual and work-related characteristics, factors significantly associated with appropriate vaccination status...
July 2017: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566335/breadth-and-duration-of-meningococcal-serum-bactericidal-activity-in-health-care-workers-and-microbiologists-immunized-with-the-menb-fhbp-vaccine
#16
Eduardo Lujan, Elizabeth Partridge, Serena Giuntini, Sanjay Ram, Dan M Granoff
MenB-FHbp is a meningococcal serogroup B vaccine with two factor H binding protein (FHbp) antigens from subfamilies A and B. For licensure, efficacy was inferred from serum bactericidal antibody (SBA) responses to four reference strains. Only limited information is available on the breadth or duration of protective SBA responses to genetically diverse disease-causing strains. Seventeen health care or laboratory workers were immunized with two (n = 2) or three (n = 15) doses of MenB-FHbp at 0, 2, and 6 months...
August 2017: Clinical and Vaccine Immunology: CVI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530308/-influenza-vaccination-among-healthcare-workers-the-data-and-the-duty
#17
Sonia Habib, Shmuel Rishpon, Itamar Grotto, Arnon Afek
Seasonal influenza is a significant disease affecting public health due to substantial morbidity and mortality and a high economic burden. in view of its high propensity for genetic mutations, the virus can easily evade preexisting immunity acquired from prior exposure to it, thereby causing severe seasonal epidemics. Influenza vaccination has been shown to be safe and effective. In many countries, including Israel, it is recommended to all members of the population aged 6 months and older, especially those with a higher risk of developing severe complications...
January 2017: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478776/an-isolated-outbreak-of-diphtheria-in-south-africa-2015
#18
S Mahomed, M Archary, P Mutevedzi, Y Mahabeer, P Govender, G Ntshoe, W Kuhn, J Thomas, A Olowolagba, L Blumberg, K McCarthy, K Mlisana, M DU Plessis, A VON Gottberg, P Moodley
An outbreak of respiratory diphtheria occurred in two health districts in the province of KwaZulu-Natal in South Africa in 2015. A multidisciplinary outbreak response team was involved in the investigation and management of the outbreak. Fifteen cases of diphtheria were identified, with ages ranging from 4 to 41 years. Of the 12 cases that were under the age of 18 years, 9 (75%) were not fully immunized for diphtheria. The case fatality was 27%. Ninety-three household contacts, 981 school or work contacts and 595 healthcare worker contacts were identified and given prophylaxis against Corynebacterium diphtheriae infection...
July 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463582/medical-students-attitude-toward-influenza-vaccination-results-of-a-survey-in-the-university-of-bari-italy
#19
Maria Serena Gallone, Maria Filomena Gallone, Maria Giovanna Cappelli, Francesca Fortunato, Domenico Martinelli, Michele Quarto, Rosa Prato, Silvio Tafuri
Influenza vaccination is strongly recommended for Italian healthcare professionals, but vaccine coverage is low. Since 2012, vaccination is also offered to medical students as part of the National Immunization Plan; however, few Medical Schools has implemented the plan so far. To study determinants of vaccination compliance, we conducted a survey among medical students at the University of Bari, where influenza vaccination has been actively offered since 2013. Information was obtained by means of an online anonymous questionnaire administered in April 2014...
August 3, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438994/latently-and-uninfected-healthcare-workers-exposed-to-tb-make-protective-antibodies-against-mycobacterium-tuberculosis
#20
Hao Li, Xing-Xing Wang, Bin Wang, Lei Fu, Guan Liu, Yu Lu, Min Cao, Hairong Huang, Babak Javid
The role of Igs in natural protection against infection by Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb), the causative agent of TB, is controversial. Although passive immunization with mAbs generated against mycobacterial antigens has shown protective efficacy in murine models of infection, studies in B cell-depleted animals only showed modest phenotypes. We do not know if humans make protective antibody responses. Here, we investigated whether healthcare workers in a Beijing TB hospital-who, although exposed to suprainfectious doses of pathogenic Mtb, remain healthy-make antibody responses that are effective in protecting against infection by Mtb...
May 9, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
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