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Healthcare worker immunizations

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433128/-the-new-national-immunization-program-2017-2019-and-the-essential-care-levels-what-is-going-to-change
#1
Chiara De Waure, Leuconoe Grazia Sisti, Andrea Poscia, Walter Ricciardi
Italy is witnessing relevant challenges in the field of prevention and control of vaccine-preventable diseases. The worrying and growing phenomenon of "vaccine-hesitancy" has contributed to the reduction of vaccination coverage, undermining goals reached thanks to vaccines introduction. The new Italian National Immunization Plan (NIP) 2017-2019 and the update of the list of Essential Care Levels (LEA), approved in the current year, extend the vaccination offer based on the latest scientific evidence with the introduction of new vaccines and the enlargement of target population...
September 2017: Igiene e Sanità Pubblica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29378564/-ways-and-channels-for-voice-regarding-perceptions-of-maternal-health-care-services-within-the-communities-of-the-makamba-and-kayanza-provinces-in-the-republic-of-burundi-an-exploratory-study
#2
Prosper Niyongabo, Renate Douwes, Marjolein Dieleman, Frédéric Irambona, Jimmy Mategeko, Georges Nsengiyumva, Tjard De Cock Buning
BACKGROUND: Increased availability of maternal health services alone does not lead to better outcomes for maternal health.The services need to be utilized first.One way to increase service utilization is to plan responsive health care services by taking into account the community's views or expressed needs. Burundi has a high maternal mortality ratio, and despite improvements in health infrastructure, skilled staff and the abolition of user fees for pregnant women,utilization of maternal health services remains low...
January 29, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340451/is-waste-collection-associated-with-hepatitis-b-infection-a-meta-analysis
#3
Marcos Paulo Gomes Mol, Sandy Cairncross, Dirceu Bartolomeu Greco, Leo Heller
This meta-analysis, which is based on a previously published systematic review, aims to contribute to the scientific discussion on hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection in workers who are exposed to domestic and healthcare wastes. Publications were sought which had been made available on the data used by December 2013 and updated to December 2016. The quality of the included studies was assessed according to the guidelines of Loney et al. for the critical appraisal of studies on the prevalence or incidence of a health problem...
November 2017: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332412/-investigation-of-the-burnout-syndrome-among-the-employees-of-the-department-of-emergency-medicine-at-the-university-of-szeged
#4
Emőke Adrienn Hompoth, Annamária Töreki, Zoltán Pető
INTRODUCTION: Burnout has been described as a growing problem amongst healthcare workers. Emergency department staffs experience the burden of stress day by day, yet only a few studies have examined their burnout. AIM: In this study we wanted to investigate the burnout and its relations to other variables amongst the employees of the Department of Emergency Medicine in Szeged. METHOD: Cross-sectional design utilizing a self-administered questionnaire was used to collect data from the staff of the Department...
January 2018: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329528/transmission-of-measles-among-healthcare-workers-in-hospital-w-xinjiang-autonomous-region-china-2016
#5
Haimei Jia, Chao Ma, Mengting Lu, Jianping Fu, Lance E Rodewald, Qiru Su, Huaqin Wang, Lixin Hao
BACKGROUND: As China approaches the elimination of measles, outbreaks of measles continue to occur. Healthcare workers (HCWs) are known to be at high risk of infection and transmission of measles virus. A measles outbreak occurred in a hospital in Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region of the People's Republic of China. We report an investigation of this outbreak and its implications for measles elimination and outbreak preparedness. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective search for measles cases using hospital records...
January 12, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287683/how-close-are-countries-of-the-who-european-region-to-achieving-the-goal-of-vaccinating-75-of-key-risk-groups-against-influenza-results-from-national-surveys-on-seasonal-influenza-vaccination-programmes-2008-2009-to-2014-2015
#6
Pernille Jorgensen, Jolita Mereckiene, Suzanne Cotter, Kari Johansen, Svetla Tsolova, Caroline Brown
BACKGROUND: Influenza vaccination is recommended especially for persons at risk of complications. In 2003, the World Health Assembly urged Member States (MS) to increase vaccination coverage to 75% among older persons by 2010. OBJECTIVE: To assess progress towards the 2010 vaccination goal and describe seasonal influenza vaccination recommendations in the World Health Organization (WHO) European Region. METHODS: Data on seasonal influenza vaccine recommendations, dose distribution, and target group coverage were obtained from two sources: European Union and European Economic Area MS data were extracted from influenza vaccination surveys covering seven seasons (2008/2009-2014/2015) published by the Vaccine European New Integrated Collaboration Effort and European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control...
December 26, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227267/-problems-of-immunization-and-shared-responsibility-at-the-level-of-primary-healthcare
#7
Y Uteuliyev, A Amenov, A Asen, A Saktapov, N Iskakova, U Amanzholova
In this article, the authors consider ways to solve problematic issues related to the organization and conduct of immunization among the population in order to prevent vaccine-preventable infectious diseases. An in-depth analysis of the progress of vaccine prevention has been conducted and the results achieved in the world in recent years are reflected. At the same time, the authors identified problematic issues related to the successful implementation of further work on the prevention of vaccine-preventable infectious diseases...
November 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217370/a-quality-improvement-initiative-to-increase-tdap-tetanus-diphtheria-acellular-pertussis-vaccination-coverage-among-direct-health-care-providers-at-a-children-s-hospital
#8
Changhong Jiang, LaQuita Whitmore-Sisco, Aditya H Gaur, Elisabeth E Adderson
OBJECTIVES: Health care providers (HCP) are at high risk of acquiring and transmitting pertussis to susceptible family members, co-workers, and patients. Public health authorities recommend administering a single dose of Tdap (tetanus toxoid, reduced diphtheria toxoid, and acellular pertussis) vaccine to all adults, including HCP, to increase adult immunity to pertussis. We set a quality improvement goal to increase Tdap vaccination coverage among HCP who provided direct patient care at a children's hospital from 58% to 90% over 18 months...
December 4, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120017/review-of-maternal-immunisation-during-pregnancy-focus-on-pertussis-and-influenza
#9
Géraldine Blanchard-Rohner, Christiane Eberhardt
Seasonal influenza and pertussis infections are known to be significant causes of morbidity and mortality in neonates and infants worldwide. Influenza has also been associated with severe complications in pregnant women and after delivery. The most efficient and safe strategy to protect mothers and their offspring is maternal immunisation during pregnancy. The maternal antibodies thus acquired are transferred to the fetus as of the second trimester and confer passive immunity until the first infant immunisations...
November 9, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116304/use-of-a-child-health-surveillance-instrument-focusing-on-growth-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Erika Morganna Neves de Araujo, Marcia Teles de Oliveira Gouveia, Dixis Figueroa Pedraza
BACKGROUND: Proper use of a child health handbook is an important indicator of the quality of care provided to children at healthcare services. This study aimed to evaluate the use of child health surveillance tool (by health professionals?), especially focusing on growth. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study carried out in the context of the Family Health Strategy in two municipalities in Paraíba, Brazil. METHODS: Three hundred and twenty-one children under five years of age from areas covered by health workers were included in the study...
November 6, 2017: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106317/is-hepatitis-b-vaccination-performed-at-infant-and-adolescent-age-able-to-provide-long-term-immunological-memory-an-observational-study-on-healthcare-students-and-workers-in-florence-italy
#11
Costanza Bini, Maddalena Grazzini, Martina Chellini, Nicola Mucci, Giulio Arcangeli, Emilia Tiscione, Paolo Bonanni
Universal vaccination programmes against Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) have significantly reduced the burden of the disease; nevertheless, HBV infection remains a relevant issue for high-risk subjects, such as healthcare workers (HCWs), who may potentially be exposed to blood or body fluids. Our study evaluates the long-term duration of the immunological memory of HBV vaccination 11-23 years after primary immunization by examining the response to booster doses in HCWs and students of health disciplines at Careggi Teaching Hospital in Florence (Italy)...
November 6, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077425/surveillance-snapshot-influenza-immunization-among-u-s-armed-forces-healthcare-workers-august-2012-april-2017
#12
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: MSMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048456/an-evaluation-of-attitude-toward-vaccines-among-healthcare-workers-of-a-university-hospital-in-southern-italy
#13
R Squeri, C Genovese, G Trimarchi, M A R Palamara, V La Fauci
BACKGROUND: Vaccination is an effective and safe health technology. Despite this vaccine coverage falls short of national and international targets. Study design. The aim of the study was to evaluate the views of medical staff at Messina University Hospital regarding vaccinations, their current and future vaccination status and whether they recommend it to their patients. METHODS: The study was conducted from April 2016 to March 2017 by an anonymous face-to-face questionnaire submitted to HCWs...
November 2017: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994712/improving-influenza-vaccination-rate-among-primary-healthcare-workers-in-qatar
#14
Khalid H Elawad, Elmoubasher A Farag, Dina A Abuelgasim, Maria K Smatti, Hamad E Al-Romaihi, Mohammed Al Thani, Hanan Al Mujalli, Zienab Shehata, Merin Alex, Asmaa A Al Thani, Hadi M Yassine
The purpose of this study was to improve influenza vaccination, and determine factors influencing vaccine declination among health care workers (HCW) in Qatar. We launched an influenza vaccination campaign to vaccinate around 4700 HCW in 22 Primary Health Care Corporation (PHCC) centers in Qatar between 1st and 15th of November, 2015. Our target was to vaccinate 60% of all HCW. Vaccine was offered free of charge at all centers, and information about the campaign and the importance of influenza vaccination was provided to employees through direct communication, emails, and social media networks...
October 10, 2017: Vaccines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985399/have-community-health-workers-increased-the-delivery-of-maternal-and-child-healthcare-in-india
#15
Abram L Wagner, Julia M Porth, Deepti Bettampadi, Matthew L Boulton
Background: Accredited Social Health Activists (ASHAs) are community health workers in rural India. This study estimates the proportion of villages with an ASHA and examines the impact of increased ASHA placement on changes in healthcare. Methods: Information about ASHA placement and maternal and child healthcare was obtained from the District-Level Household Surveys from 2007 to 2008 and 2012 to 2013. In this ecological analysis, the difference in district-level proportions of maternal and child healthcare outcomes between 2012-13 and 2007-08 was regressed onto the difference in ASHA placement between those years...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933342/ongoing-outbreak-with-well-over-4-000-measles-cases-in-italy-from-january-to-end-august-2017-what-is-making-elimination-so-difficult
#16
Antonietta Filia, Antonino Bella, Martina Del Manso, Melissa Baggieri, Fabio Magurano, Maria Cristina Rota
We report an ongoing measles outbreak in Italy, with over 4,400 cases reported in 20 Regions from January to August 2017. Median age was 27 years, 88% of the cases were unvaccinated. The highest incidence was in infants below one year of age and 7% of cases occurred among healthcare workers. Three deaths occurred and two cases of encephalitis were reported. Wide immunity gaps and nosocomial transmission are major challenges to measles elimination in Italy.
September 14, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838188/administering-multiple-injectable-vaccines-during-a-single-visit-summary-of-findings-from-the-accelerated-introduction-of-inactivated-polio-vaccine-globally
#17
REVIEW
Samantha B Dolan, Manish Patel, Lee M Hampton, Eleanor Burnett, Daniel C Ehlman, Julie Garon, Emily Cloessner, Elizabeth Chmielewski, Terri B Hyde, Carsten Mantel, Aaron S Wallace
Background: In 2013, the World Health Organization's (WHO's) Strategic Advisory Group of Experts (SAGE) recommended that all 126 countries using only oral polio vaccine (OPV) introduce at least 1 dose of inactivated polio vaccine (IPV) into their routine immunization schedules by the end of 2015. In many countries, the addition of IPV would necessitate delivery of multiple injectable vaccines (hereafter, "multiple injections") during a single visit, with infants receiving IPV alongside pentavalent vaccine (which covers diphtheria, tetanus, and whole-cell pertussis; hepatitis B; and Haemophilus influenzae type b) and pneumococcal vaccine...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807604/focusing-on-the-implementation-of-21st-century-vaccines-for-adults
#18
Paolo Bonanni, Guglielmo Bonaccorsi, Chiara Lorini, Francesca Santomauro, Emilia Tiscione, Sara Boccalini, Angela Bechini
Adult immunization is a priority for public health, particularly in countries where an aging population has become increasingly more numerous. Protection against diseases which typically affect adults (like flu, pneumococcal diseases and Herpes zoster), the shift of age of infections which originally affected children (like measles), the decreasing protection with time for infections which need periodical booster doses of vaccines (Tdap), the availability of vaccines which can also impact on adult health (HPV) are only some examples of the importance of implementing targeted vaccination strategies...
August 11, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793935/utilization-of-electronic-health-record-events-to-conduct-a-tuberculosis-contact-investigation-in-a-high-risk-oncology-unit
#19
Shauna C Usiak, Fabian A Romero, Patrice Schwegman, Violet Fitzpatrick, MaryAnn Connor, Janet Eagan, Arthur E Brown, Mini Kamboj
OBJECTIVE To describe the utilization of electronic medical data resources, including health records and nursing scheduling resources, to conduct a tuberculosis (TB) exposure investigation in a high-risk oncology unit. SETTING A 42-bed inpatient unit with a mix of surgical and medical patients at a large tertiary-care cancer center in New York City. PARTICIPANTS High-risk subjects and coworkers exposed to a healthcare worker (HCW) with cavitary smear positive lung TB. RESULTS During the 3-month exposure period, 270 patients were admitted to the unit; 137 of these (50...
August 10, 2017: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793335/estimation-of-sickness-absenteeism-among-italian-healthcare-workers-during-seasonal-influenza-epidemics
#20
Maria Michela Gianino, Gianfranco Politano, Antonio Scarmozzino, Lorena Charrier, Marco Testa, Sebastian Giacomelli, Alfredo Benso, Carla Maria Zotti
OBJECTIVES: To analyze absenteeism among healthcare workers (HCWs) at a large Italian hospital and to estimate the increase in absenteeism that occurred during seasonal flu periods. DESIGN: Retrospective observational study. METHODS: The absenteeism data were divided into three "epidemic periods," starting at week 42 of one year and terminating at week 17 of the following year (2010-2011, 2011-2012, 2012-2013), and three "non-epidemic periods," defined as week 18 to week 41 and used as baseline data...
2017: PloS One
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