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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813644/rotavirus-disease-course-among-immunocompromised-patients-5-year-observations-from-a-tertiary-care-medical-centre
#1
P Bruijning-Verhagen, M D Nipshagen, H de Graaf, M J M Bonten
Rotavirus (RV) is highly endemic inside and outside hospital-settings. Immunocompromised children and adults are at risk of complicated rotavirus gastroenteritis (RVGE), but general rotavirus disease severity in this group remains poorly described and rotavirus testing is not routinely performed beyond infancy. We assessed rotavirus disease among immunocompromised hospitalized patients. METHODS: Rotavirus infections at a Dutch tertiary-care centre were identified from 5-year laboratory records...
August 13, 2017: Journal of Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813586/breast-cancer-and-exposure-to-aircraft-road-and-railway-noise-a-case-control-study-based-on-health-insurance-records
#2
Janice Hegewald, Melanie Schubert, Mandy Wagner, Patrik Dröge, Ursel Prote, Enno Swart, Ulrich Möhler, Hajo Zeeb, Andreas Seidler
Objectives Aircraft, road, and rail traffic noise can cause sleep disturbances. Since night work and shorter sleep durations have been linked to increased risks of breast cancer, we examined if 24-hour, or day- or night-time traffic noise exposure may also increase the risk of breast cancer. Methods To investigate the noise-related risks of breast cancer, the pseudonymized insurance records of three large statutory health companies (2005-2010) for women aged ≥40 years living in the region surrounding the Frankfurt international airport were analyzed with address-specific acoustic data representing aircraft, road, and rail-traffic noise...
August 16, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813562/polygenic-scores-for-major-depressive-disorder-and-risk-of-alcohol-dependence
#3
Allan M Andersen, Robert H Pietrzak, Henry R Kranzler, Li Ma, Hang Zhou, Xiaoming Liu, John Kramer, Samuel Kuperman, Howard J Edenberg, John I Nurnberger, John P Rice, Jay A Tischfield, Alison Goate, Tatiana M Foroud, Jacquelyn L Meyers, Bernice Porjesz, Danielle M Dick, Victor Hesselbrock, Eric Boerwinkle, Steven M Southwick, John H Krystal, Myrna M Weissman, Douglas F Levinson, James B Potash, Joel Gelernter, Shizhong Han
Importance: Major depressive disorder (MDD) and alcohol dependence (AD) are heritable disorders with significant public health burdens, and they are frequently comorbid. Common genetic factors that influence the co-occurrence of MDD and AD have been sought in family, twin, and adoption studies, and results to date have been promising but inconclusive. Objective: To examine whether AD and MDD overlap genetically, using a polygenic score approach. Design, Settings, and Participants: Association analyses were conducted between MDD polygenic risk score (PRS) and AD case-control status in European ancestry samples from 4 independent genome-wide association study (GWAS) data sets: the Collaborative Study on the Genetics of Alcoholism (COGA); the Study of Addiction, Genetics, and Environment (SAGE); the Yale-Penn genetic study of substance dependence; and the National Health and Resilience in Veterans Study (NHRVS)...
August 16, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813424/risk-factors-and-causative-organisms-in-microbial-keratitis-in-daily-disposable-contact-lens-wear
#4
Fiona Stapleton, Thomas Naduvilath, Lisa Keay, Cherry Radford, John Dart, Katie Edwards, Nicole Carnt, Darwin Minassian, Brien Holden
PURPOSE: This study investigated independent risk factors and causative organisms in microbial keratitis in daily disposable contact lens (CL)-wearers. METHODS: A multisite prospective case-control study was undertaken. Cases were daily disposable CL-wearers attending Moorfields Eye Hospital with microbial keratitis and those reported through a one-year surveillance study in Australia and in New Zealand. A population-based telephone survey identified daily disposable CL-wearing controls...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813234/cardiac-mr-strain-a-noninvasive-biomarker-of-fibrofatty-remodeling-of-the-left-atrial-myocardium
#5
Adrian T Huber, Jérôme Lamy, Amer Rahhal, Morgane Evin, Fabrice Atassi, Carine Defrance, Guillaume Lebreton, Karine Clément, Myriam Berthet, Richard Isnard, Pascal Leprince, Philippe Cluzel, Stéphane N Hatem, Nadjia Kachenoura, Alban Redheuil
Purpose To determine whether left atrial (LA) strain quantification with cardiac magnetic resonance (MR) imaging feature tracking is associated with the severity of LA fibrofatty myocardial remodeling at histologic analysis. Materials and Methods This prospective case-control study was approved by the institutional review board. LA strain was evaluated with cardiac MR feature tracking between January 2014 and March 2015 in 13 consecutive patients (mean age, 61 years ± 19; nine male) with mitral regurgitation in the 24 hours before mitral valve surgery and 13 age- and sex-matched healthy control subjects...
August 16, 2017: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812469/placental-pathologic-associations-with-morbidly-adherent-placenta-potential-insights-into-pathogenesis
#6
Linda M Ernst, Rebecca L Linn, Lucy Minturn, Emily S Miller
Background The pathology that underlies morbidly adherent placenta (MAP) is poorly understood. The objective of this study was to describe the placental pathology, especially implantation site pathology, associated with MAP. Methods This was a single institution, retrospective case-control study design examining placentas of patients who delivered between January 2008 and September 2013. MAP cases were defined by the need for clinical intervention at delivery beyond spontaneous placental delivery or simple manual extraction of the placenta...
September 2017: Pediatric and Developmental Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812446/higher-dietary-intake-of-vitamin-d-may-influence-total-cholesterol-and-carbohydrate-profile-independent-of-body-composition-in-men-with-chronic-spinal-cord-injury
#7
Christopher Beal, Ashraf Gorgey, Pamela Moore, Nathan Wong, Robert A Adler, David Gater
STUDY DESIGN: A case-control design. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects of dietary vitamin D intake on insulin sensitivity (Si), glucose effectiveness (Sg), and lipid profile in individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI). METHODS: 20 male, paraplegic (T3-L1) with chronic (> one year) motor complete SCI (AIS A or B) were recruited. Three-day dietary records were analyzed for dietary vitamin D (calciferol), and participants were assigned to one of two groups, a high vitamin D intake group and a low vitamin D intake group based on the mid-point of vitamin D frequency distribution...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812116/slco1b1-521t%C3%A2-%C3%A2-c-polymorphism-associated-with-rosuvastatin-induced-myotoxicity-in-chinese-coronary-artery-disease-patients-a-nested-case-control-study
#8
Ju-E Liu, Xiao-Ying Liu, Sheng Chen, Yan Zhang, Li-Yun Cai, Min Yang, Wei-Hua Lai, Bin Ren, Shi-Long Zhong
PURPOSE: This nested case-control study aimed to evaluate the association of candidate genetic variants with statin-induced myotoxicity in Chinese patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS: One hundred forty-eight Chinese patients experiencing statin-induced myotoxicity were included in our study, and 255 patients without muscular side effects served as controls. Five SNPs in CYP3A5, SLCO1B1, and APOE were genotyped. The effect of genetic variants on statin-induced myotoxicity was assessed...
August 15, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811985/incidence-impact-and-risk-factors-for-30-day-wound-complications-following-elective-adult-spinal-deformity-surgery
#9
Nathan J Lee, John I Shin, Parth Kothari, Jun S Kim, Dante M Leven, Jeremy Steinberger, Javier Z Guzman, Branko Skovrlj, John M Caridi, Samuel K Cho
STUDY DESIGN: Case-control study. OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence, impact, and risk factors for wound complications within 30 days following elective adult spinal deformity surgery. METHODS: Current Procedural Terminology and International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Edition, diagnosis codes were used to query the database for adults who underwent spinal deformity surgery from 2010 to 2014. Patients were separated into groups of those with and without wound complications...
August 2017: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811939/abo-gene-polymorphism-and-thrombomodulin-33g-a-polymorphism-were-not-risk-factors-for-myocardial-infarction-in-javanese-men
#10
Mifetika Lukitasari, Ahmad Hamim Sadewa, Mohammad Saifur Rohman
Genetic factors contribute to about a half of coronary artery diseases. During the last several decades, some studies suggested that non-O blood group and thrombomodulin polymorphism -33G>A are the risk factors of coronary artery disease especially in Asia. There was no prior study in Indonesia regarding this issue. Hence, this study was designed to investigate the correlation of ABO polymorphism and thrombomodulin polymorphism -33G>A with the incidence of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). A total of 192 subjects were enrolled in this case control study...
2017: International Journal of Vascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811902/a-case-control-study-of-the-association-between-psychosocial-factors-and-the-occurrence-of-laryngeal-cancer
#11
Chao Wang, Guoliang Fan, Rui Xu, Jingting Wang, Lina Wang, Lu Zhang, Qiuying Li
The aim of the present study was to investigate the association between social psychological factors and the occurrence of laryngeal cancer. A 1:1 matched case-control study was conducted. The participants completed questionnaires that included general information, such as the Life Event Scale, the Social Support Rating Scale, and the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (EPQ). Scores were compared between the groups using paired t-tests and Wilcoxon's signed-rank tests. No significant difference in the psychoticism scale of the EPQ was observed between the two groups (P>0...
September 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811787/association-between-vitamin-d-deficiency-and-breast-cancer
#12
Noureen Shaukat, Farhat Jaleel, Foad Ali Moosa, Naeem Akhter Qureshi
OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between vitamin D deficiency and breast cancer. METHODS: This case control study included 94 female patients aged 20-75 years of any marital status and parity. Newly diagnosed 42 breast cancer patients who presented to surgical OPD of Dow University Hospital from Jan 2016 to June 2016 were included into the study as "cases" after informed consent. Age-matched 52 females who presented to OPD for complain other than breast pathology were included as the "control group"...
May 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811691/association-of-prooxidant-antioxidant-balance-with-clinical-and-laboratory-parameters-and-its-relation-to-different-drug-regimens-in-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-women-with-normal-bmi
#13
Niloofar Heshmati, Shoaleh Shahgheibi, Bahram Nikkhoo, Sabrieh Amini, Mohammad Abdi
Polycystic ovarian syndrome is one of the most common hormonally leading cause infertility disorders. The effect of oxidant-antioxidant imbalance on disease progression has been studied in many disorders. The present study was aimed to evaluate prooxidant-antioxidant balance (PAB) in patients with polycystic ovarian syndrome compared to healthy subjects. We also studied the possible effect of treatment with available drugs on serum PAB. In this case-control study 100 polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) patients and 100 healthy individuals were enrolled in the study...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry: IJCB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811683/methylenetetrahydrofolate-reductase-c677t-polymorphism-and-risk-for-male-infertility-in-asian-population
#14
Vandana Rai, Pradeep Kumar
Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) is a critical enzyme of folate pathway and required for DNA synthesis and methylation. MTHFE C677T polymorphisms is reported as risk factors for various diseases and disorders like birth defects, metabolic, neurological, psychiatric disorders, and cancers. Several studies have investigated association between the MTHFR C677T polymorphism and male infertility. To assess the risk associated with MTHFR C677T polymorphism in Asian population, a meta-analysis was performed...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry: IJCB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811093/risk-factors-for-infective-endocarditis-in-children-with-congenital-heart-diseases-a-nationwide-population-based-case-control-study
#15
Li-Chuan Sun, Chih-Cheng Lai, Cheng-Yi Wang, Ya-Hui Wang, Jen-Yu Wang, Yo-Ling Hsu, Yin-Lan Hu, En-Ting Wu, Ming-Tai Lin, Leticia B Sy, Likwang Chen
BACKGROUND: Infective endocarditis (IE) is uncommon in childhood. Its associated epidemiological characteristics in patients with congenital heart disease (CHD) remain unclear. METHODS: The study population included children born in Taiwan during the years 1997 to 2005 who were diagnosed as having CHD before 3years of age. All children were followed up until the end year of 2010, the diagnosis of infective endocarditis, or death. The demographic characteristics of patients with and without IE, the invasive procedures performed during 6months before the index date, the prophylactic antibiotics related to dental procedures, and in-hospital mortality were collected...
August 12, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810980/risk-factors-for-rhabdomyolysis-in-the-u-s-army
#16
Owen T Hill, Dennis E Scofield, Jenna Usedom, Lakmini Bulathsinhala, Craig McKinnon, Paul Kwon, Timothy Haley, Robert Carter
The standardized mortality rate of rhabdomyolysis (RM) in Active Duty U.S. Army Soldiers is considerably higher than in the civilian population. RM occurs when large amounts of intracellular contents from damaged skeletal muscle escape into circulation, leading to serious sequelae (e.g., acute renal failure, hyperkalemia, compartment syndrome). Extended physical exertion, especially in hot environments, and trauma can precipitate RM. The aim of this study was to identify RM risk factors among U.S. Active Duty Army (ADA) Soldiers...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810578/25g-compared-with-20g-vitrectomy-under-resight-non-contact-wide-angle-lenses-for-terson-syndrome
#17
Xinbang Mao, Zhipeng You
The aim of the present study was to compare the effectiveness of 25G vitrectomy to standard 20G vitrectomy for treatment of Terson syndrome under Resight non-contact wide-angle lenses. This was a case-control study of 20 patients with Terson syndrome (study group) that underwent 25G vitrectomy under Resight non-contact wide-angle lenses, with those of 20 matched patients that underwent 20G vitrectomy (control group). Medical records were reviewed from between July 2011 and October 2013. Data included results of the Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study examination, ophthalmology B-scan ultrasonography and fundus photography...
August 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810480/nonverbal-intelligence-and-scholastic-performance-in-children-with-type-1-diabetes
#18
Alda Troncone, Antonietta Chianese, Angela Zanfardino, Crescenzo Cascella, Santino Confetto, Laura Perrone, Dario Iafusco
This study examined nonverbal intelligence and scholastic achievement in children with type 1 diabetes. In a retrospective case-control study, 69 children (35 males) ages 5-10 years with type 1 diabetes and 69 healthy controls matched to patients by age, gender and socioeconomic status were compared according to their performance on Raven's Coloured Progressive Matrices and their scholastic grades. No differences in nonverbal intelligence and grades were observed between children with type 1 diabetes and healthy control subjects...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810405/a-case-control-study-of-psychosocial-factors-and-their-relationship-to-impairment-and-functionality-in-multiple-sclerosis
#19
Laia Briones-Buixassa, Raimon Milà, Francesc X Arrufat, Josep Mª Aragonès, Enric Bufill, Olivier Luminet, Rona Moss-Morris
The stress effect on multiple sclerosis remains unclear. Moderating psychosocial factors may be involved. This study compares some of them in people with multiple sclerosis and healthy controls, and their association with disease parameters. Coping style, social support, anxiety, alexithymia and early-life stress were measured, along with impairment and functionality. People with multiple sclerosis scored significantly higher on anxiety, alexithymia, and avoidance and instinctive coping but lower in social support...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810201/the-association-between-non-hodgkin-lymphoma-and-organophosphate-pesticides-exposure-a-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Liqin Hu, Dan Luo, Tingting Zhou, Yun Tao, Jingwen Feng, Surong Mei
Several epidemiological studies show the association between organophosphate pesticides (OPs) and the risk of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL), yet various research results remain controversial. To explore the hazard of OPs exposure to human health, three kinds of OPs (Terbufos, Malathion, and Diazinon) that are non-halogenated aliphatic compounds were included in the meta-analysis. We searched PubMed and Web of Science Databases for articles published from 1985 to February 2017. The databases were also searched for eligible studies through a manual references search...
August 12, 2017: Environmental Pollution
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