keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Respiratory failure

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471442/estimation-of-adaptive-ventilation-success-and-failure-using-polysomnogram-and-outpatient-therapy-biomarkers
#1
Stacey Gunn, Sreelatha Naik, Matt Travis Bianchi, Robert Joseph Thomas
Study Objectives: Adaptive servo ventilation (ASV) devices provide anti-cyclic pressure support for treatment of central/complex sleep apnea, including in heart failure patients. Variability in responses in the clinic and negative clinical trials motivated assessment of standard and novel signal biomarkers for ASV efficacy. Methods: Multiple clinical databases were queried to assess potential signal biomarkers of ASV effectiveness, including 1) Attended laboratory adaptive ventilation titrations: 108, of which 66 had mainstream ETCO2 measurements...
February 17, 2018: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470832/real-world-treatment-patterns-for-golimumab-and-concomitant-medications-in-japanese-rheumatoid-arthritis-patients
#2
Masateru Okazaki, Hisanori Kobayashi, Yutaka Ishii, Masayoshi Kanbori, Tsutomu Yajima
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to investigate real-world treatment patterns for use of golimumab and concomitant medications in Japanese patients with rheumatoid arthritis. METHODS: This study was a post hoc retrospective analysis from post-marketing surveillance data on 2350 Japanese patients with moderate/severe rheumatoid arthritis who received golimumab for 24 weeks. The study population was divided based on initiation treatment or dose adjustment patterns with golimumab, methotrexate, or oral glucocorticoids...
February 22, 2018: Rheumatology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470687/surgical-management-of-extensive-dissecting-thoracic-aortic-aneurysm-via-the-semi-clamshell-approach
#3
Hiroshi Furukawa, Takeshi Honda, Takahiko Yamasawa, Hisao Masaki, Kazuo Tanemoto
BACKGROUND: We retrospectively evaluated the initial clinical experience of the surgical management of extensive dissecting thoracic aortic aneurysm (TAA) via the semi-clamshell approach. METHODS: Thirteen patients (3 women and 10 men, mean age 67 ± 15 years) who underwent elective surgical intervention for extensive dissecting TAA via semi-clamshell approach in our institute between May 2007 and April 2017 participated in this study. Regarding surgical techniques, left thoracotomy with transverse sternotomy was initially performed via the third or fourth intercostal space following an incision from the right sternal borderline to the anterior axillary line on the left sternal borderline...
February 22, 2018: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469632/hybrid-reconstruction-of-the-aortic-arch-using-a-double-branched-stent-graft-in-a-canine-model
#4
Fan Qiao, Cunhua Su, Qingqi Han, Mengwei Tan, Jun Wang, Yang Liu, Fanglin Lu, Lin Han, Zhiyun Xu
PURPOSE: To report the results of a hybrid approach to aortic arch repair using an innovative unibody double-branched stent graft in a canine model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The stent-graft system consists of two parts: the main body and two branches for reconstruction of the supra-arch branches. There is a 2-cm-long suturing portion at the proximal end of the main body. Twenty adult German sheep dogs underwent a hybrid surgical treatment to place the stent-grafts into the proximal descending aorta and the supra-arch branches...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467961/the-outcomes-and-prognostic-factors-of-acute-respiratory-failure-in-the-patients-90-years-old-and-over
#5
Wan-Ling Chen, Chin-Ming Chen, Shu-Chen Kung, Ching-Min Wang, Chih-Cheng Lai, Chien-Ming Chao
This retrospective cohort study investigated the outcomes and prognostic factors in nonagenarians (patients 90 years old or older) with acute respiratory failure. Between 2006 and 2016, all nonagenarians with acute respiratory failure requiring invasive mechanical ventilation (MV) were enrolled. Outcomes including in-hospital mortality and ventilator dependency were measured. A total of 173 nonagenarians with acute respiratory failure were admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU). A total of 56 patients died during the hospital stay and the rate of in-hospital mortality was 32...
January 23, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466596/acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-advances-in-diagnosis-and-treatment
#6
Eddy Fan, Daniel Brodie, Arthur S Slutsky
Importance: Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a life-threatening form of respiratory failure that affects approximately 200 000 patients each year in the United States, resulting in nearly 75 000 deaths annually. Globally, ARDS accounts for 10% of intensive care unit admissions, representing more than 3 million patients with ARDS annually. Objective: To review advances in diagnosis and treatment of ARDS over the last 5 years. Evidence Review: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews from 2012 to 2017 focusing on randomized clinical trials, meta-analyses, systematic reviews, and clinical practice guidelines...
February 20, 2018: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465465/pneumonia-as-a-systemic-illness
#7
Charles Feldman, Ronald Anderson
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The manuscript reviews the recent literature describing the occurrence, risk factors, recognition and treatment of sepsis, respiratory failure, and multiple organ dysfunction in patients with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). RECENT FINDINGS: CAP may present with varying degrees of disease severity ranging from an almost asymptomatic infection to a fulminant systemic disease with both respiratory failure and multiple organ dysfunction. Severe sepsis occurs early in the course of the infection in more than 30% of cases...
February 19, 2018: Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465446/current-practices-and-attitudes-regarding-use-of-inhaled-nitric-oxide-in-the-nicu-results-from-a-survey-of-members-of-the-national-association-of-neonatal-nurse-practitioners
#8
Allyson Kayton, Paula Timoney, Lyn Vargo, Jose A Perez
BACKGROUND: Excessive supplemental oxygen exposure in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) can be associated with oxygen-related toxicities, which can lead to negative clinical consequences. Use of inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) can be a successful strategy for avoiding hyperoxia in the NICU. iNO selectively produces pulmonary vasodilation and has been shown to improve oxygenation parameters across the spectrum of disease severity, from mild to very severe, in neonates with hypoxic respiratory failure associated with persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn...
February 20, 2018: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465202/-lung-ultrasound-in-patients-with-hematological-malignancies-and-acute-respiratory-failure-due-to-pneumonia
#9
V A Novikov, G M Galstyan, I An E G Gemdzh, I E Kostina, M K Gitis
PURPOSE: To compare the accuracy of bedside lung ultrasound (LUS) and chest computed tomography (CT) for the de- tection of lung lesions in patients with hematological malignancies and acute respiratory failure (ARF). MATERIALS AND METHODS: 39 patients with hematological malignancies and ARF were enrolled in prospective study. The investigation of the patients included LUS, chest C, extravascular lung water index (EVLW) by transpulmonary ther- modilution, and bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL)...
September 2017: Anesteziologiia i Reanimatologiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465166/full-percutaneous-biventricular-support-with-two-impella-pumps-the-bi-pella-approach
#10
Federico Pappalardo, Anna Mara Scandroglio, Azeem Latib
Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation is used for acute respiratory distress syndrome, refractory cardiogenic shock, and out-of-hospital cardiac arrest with uncertain neurological status, and, until recently, it was the only minimally invasive option to achieve biventricular support. However, extracorporeal membrane oxygenation increases left ventricular afterload and requires systemic anticoagulation, which is a major contraindication in the context of thrombolytic therapy following an ischaemic stroke. Conversely, the Impella heart pumps by design unload the ventricle and require minimal anticoagulation...
February 21, 2018: ESC Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464619/-oxygen-supplementation-in-respiratory-failure
#11
REVIEW
A Gillissen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: MMW Fortschritte der Medizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464442/the-use-of-vv-ecmo-in-patients-with-drug-dependencies
#12
George Stoyle, Peter Fawcett, Ignacio Malagon
The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of illicit drug and alcohol dependencies on mortality, length of stay, and complications in patients who have been supported with veno-venous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VV-ECMO) following respiratory failure not responsive to conventional methods of ventilation. 584 VV-ECMO referrals received at Wythenshawe Hospital were reviewed for evidence of drug dependency. 13 patients were identified as being drug-dependent and having undergone treatment with VV-ECMO...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Artificial Organs: the Official Journal of the Japanese Society for Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464221/a-young-puerperal-woman-presenting-to-emergency-department-with-severe-dyspnea
#13
Adnan Yamanoglu, Nalan Gokce Celebi Yamanoglu, Sumeyye Cakmak, Ozgur Sogut
Peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM) is an idiopathic cardiomyopathy presenting with heart failure (HF) secondary to left ventricular systolic dysfunction towards the end of pregnancy or in the months following delivery, where no other cause of HF is found. The symptoms and signs of this rare disorder mimic those of the physiological changes of pregnancy or other cardiovascular diseases. Consequently, its diagnosis is frequently delayed, which worsens an already poor prognosis. Here, we report a young adult who was diagnosed with PPCM, early, with the help of focused cardiac ultrasonography, performed after presenting to the emergency department with nonspecific respiratory complaints, including dyspnea and hemoptysis, which suggested at first pulmonary embolism...
December 2017: Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461970/aerobic-exercise-inhibits-acute-lung-injury-from-mouse-to-human-evidence-exercise-reduced-lung-injury-markers-in-mouse-and-in-cells
#14
Nicole Cristine Rigonato-Oliveira, BreAnne Mackenzie, Andre Luis Lacerda Bachi, Manoel Carneiro Oliveira-Junior, Alana Santos-Dias, Maysa Alves Rodrigues Brandao-Rangel, Humberto Delle, Tamara Costa-Guimaraes, Nilsa Regina Damaceno-Rodrigues, Nilsa Regina Dulley, Marcela Anhesini Benetti, Christiane Malfitano, Christiane de Angelis, Regiane Albertini, Ana Paula Ligeiro Oliveira, Asghar Abbasi, Hinnak Northoff, Rodolfo Paula Vieira
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is defined as hypoxemic respiratory failure with intense pulmonary inflammation, involving hyperactivation of endothelial cells and neutrophils. Given the anti-inflammatory effects of aerobic exercise (AE), this study investigated whether AE performed daily for 5 weeks would inhibit extra-pulmonary LPS-induced ARDS. C57Bl/6 mice were distributed into Control, Exercise, LPS and Exercise+LPS groups. AE was performed on a treadmill for 5x/week for four weeks before LPS administration...
2018: Exercise Immunology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461948/case-251-nontraumatic-drug-associated-rhabdomyolysis-of-head-and-neck-muscles
#15
Alexandre Debelmas, Déborah Benchetrit, Damien Galanaud, Roman H Khonsari
History A 21-year-old man with a history of abuse of multiple drugs and mild cognitive impairment who initially underwent treatment for excited delirium developed respiratory arrest shortly after admission and was successfully resuscitated. Unenhanced computed tomography (CT) of the head and neck and contrast material-enhanced CT of the chest, abdomen, pelvis, and complete spine were performed shortly after the initial treatment. Head and neck magnetic resonance (MR) imaging was performed 24 hours after admission...
March 2018: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461894/rethinking-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-chronic-pulmonary-insufficiency-and-combined-cardiopulmonary-insufficiency
#16
R Graham Barr
Almost 70 years ago, Drs. Baldwin, Cournand, and Richards defined chronic pulmonary insufficiency by the presence of respiratory symptoms, radiologic evidence of pulmonary emphysema on chest radiography, and physiologic gas trapping. A decade later, airflow obstruction on spirometry was added to the definition and insufficiency became a disease. Contemporary studies are reviving the diagnostic approach described by these early luminaries, with researchers finding that symptomatic smokers with preserved spirometry have increased exacerbations and that smokers and non-smokers with normal spirometry but emphysema on chest computed tomography have increased mortality...
February 2018: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461889/the-evolution-of-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-for-adult-respiratory-failure
#17
Daniel Brodie
The use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation to support patients with cardiac and respiratory failure has increased substantially in the last decade. Although the evidence base for its use in adults with respiratory failure is growing, many questions remain to be answered. Ongoing research is aimed at clarifying the role of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, as well as extracorporeal carbon dioxide removal, in various forms of hypoxemic and hypercapnic respiratory failure, and at defining the optimal techniques for its use...
February 2018: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461887/cor-pulmonale-revisited-from-ferrer-and-harvey-to-the-present
#18
Lewis J Rubin
The term cor pulmonale has traditionally been used as a synonym for right heart failure due to chronic respiratory diseases, although this condition is less frequently seen in the modern era because of the use of long-term oxygen therapy along with aggressive measures directed at optimizing ventilation and gas exchange. The mechanisms by which adaptation or maladaptation of right heart structure and function in the broader setting of pulmonary vascular disease, either intrinsic to the pulmonary circulation or due to respiratory diseases, have garnered considerable interest along with the development of medical and surgical treatments for pulmonary hypertension...
February 2018: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459608/distribution-pattern-and-outcome-of-the-patients-in-the-intensive-care-unit-of-bangabandhu-sheikh-mujib-medical-university-a-short-term-analysis
#19
S I Alam, M A Hossain, M Aftabuddin, M A Hye, M K Mondal
The aim of the study was to describe the characteristics of patients admitted to intensive care unit and their outcome in Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Bangladesh. This retrospective, descriptive study was conducted in the intensive care unit of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU) from January 2016 to June 2016. Data was retrieved from hospital records of all admitted patients regarding age, gender, admission source, reason for admission, length of ICU stay, requirement of mechanical ventilation, number of organ failure and their outcome...
January 2018: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458694/persistent-high-residual-ahi-after-cpap-use
#20
Leay Kiaw Er, Shinn-Kuang Lin, Stephen Shei-Dei Yang, Chou-Chin Lan, Yao-Kuang Wu, Mei-Chen Yang
Treatment-emergent central sleep apnea has recently been noted after various treatment modalities for obstructive sleep apnea. It often remits spontaneously or can be treated with continuous positive airway pressure. However, we encountered a pediatric patient with obstructive sleep apnea who presented with severe complications, including growth failure, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, poor school performance, daytime sleepiness, and urinary difficulty that required permanent cystostomy. His obstructive sleep apnea resolved after adenotonsillectomy...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
keyword
keyword
5070
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"