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Bone scintigraphy

Qiao Yang, Yumo Zhao, Chen Li, Yaping Luo, Weixin Hao, Wen Zhang
INTRODUCTION: Synovitis, acne, pustulosis, hyperostosis, and osteitis (SAPHO) syndrome is an autoinflammatory disorder without standardized treatment. Janus kinase (JAK) inhibitors can block a range of cytokines and might possess significant anti-inflammatory activity. Here, we report the first case of efficacious treatment of refractory SAPHO syndrome with the JAK inhibitor tofacitinib. CASE PRESENTATION: A 44-year-old woman presented with arthralgia in the right wrist and complained of having difficulty in doing housework...
June 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Suat-Jin Lu, Fahim Ul Hassan, Sanjay Vijayanathan, Gopinath Gnanasegaran
OBJECTIVE: To assess the role of SPECT/CT in the evaluation of knee pain as well as comparing bone scintigraphy (BS), SPECT and SPECT/CT, and assessing the incremental value of SPECT/CT. METHODS: BS, SPECT and SPECT/CT of patients with knee pain (39 patients, 65 knees, 105 lesions) were directly compared for lesion detection, localisation and characterisation using lesion-based, knee-based and patient-based analyses in this retrospective study. RESULTS: Lesion detection: BS (91...
June 15, 2018: British Journal of Radiology
John Raduka, Abhimanyu Aggarwal, Katherine Johnson, Kathy Byun, Anthony P Trace
Calciphylaxis is a poorly understood condition involving vascular calcification and thrombosis that leads to skin necrosis. Unfortunately, a noninvasive definitive test for calciphylaxis does not currently exist, and diagnosis relies on clinical symptoms and risk factors. Imaging can help guide diagnosis of this rare disorder. We present a pathology-proven case of calciphylaxis and the corresponding imaging findings seen on bone scintigraphy.
April 2018: Radiology Case Reports
Priyanka Verma, Gaurav Malhotra, Ritesh Agrawal, Sunita Sonavane, Vilas Meshram, Ramesh V Asopa
PURPOSE OF THE REPORT: Prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) overexpression is not restricted to prostate cancer, but it has also been demonstrated in gliomas, lung cancer, and in tumor neovasculature. Systematic studies exploring PSMA uptake in thyroid tumors are lacking. The aim of this pilot study was to assess PSMA expression in patients with metastatic differentiated thyroid cancer (mDTC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ten patients of mDTC harboring 32 lesions (5 men; age range, 38-65 years; mean age, 50 years) underwent prospective evaluation with radioiodine (I), F-FDG PET, and Ga-PSMA-HBED-CC PET scans as per the institution protocol...
June 12, 2018: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
Berna Okudan, Nazım Coşkun, Pelin Arıcan, Rıza Şefizade, Seniha Naldöken
Hypertrophic pulmonary osteoarthropathy (HPOA) is a paraneoplastic manifestation of gastric and, more frequently, lung carcinomas. It is characterized by extremity pain, clubbing, arthritis and periostitis of the long bones. Periostitis is the hallmark of HPOA and can be revealed with bone scintigraphy. Whole-body bone scintigraphy (WBBS) is very sensitive during the active lesion period and WBBS findings usually precede that of plain radiography. WBBS can also show improvement in the first 6 months following treatment, thus making it an important technique in the management and follow-up of these patients...
June 7, 2018: Molecular Imaging and Radionuclide Therapy
Saima Riaz, Humayun Bashir, Aamna Hassan, Arif H Khan
Kohler disease refers to childhood onset avascular necrosis of the navicular bone. Hybrid SPECT-CT bone scintigraphy offers both functional and anatomic details in a single acquisition if radiography is non-diagnostic in a limping child. We present the case of a 7 year-old child with persistent post-traumatic left foot pain. Tc99m MDP bone SPECT-CT scan demonstrated characteristic anatomic features of left navicular avascular necrosis.
May 2018: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Ming Yang, Matthew F Covington, Ba D Nguyen, Geoffrey B Johnson, Ruben A Mesa, Michael C Roarke
Objective: To define the role of combined Tc-99m sulfur colloid bone marrow (SC BM) scintigraphy, single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT/CT), and chest CT in diagnosing diffuse pulmonary extramedullary hematopoiesis (PEMH) in patients with myelofibrosis (MF). Methods: We retrospectively reviewed Tc-99m SC BM scintigraphy scans performed at our institution for the diagnosis of diffuse PEMH, as well as accompanying chest CT and SPECT/CT imaging findings. Relevant clinical information, including respiratory manifestations, pulmonary hypertension (PH), and subjective response to whole-lung radiation therapy, was also summarized...
June 8, 2018: Journal of Nuclear Medicine Technology
Robert Zwolak, Maria Majdan
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Radiosynoviorthesis (RS) is local method of treatment of remittent joint effusions among patients who obtained general improvement after disease modifying anti-rheumatic drugs therapy but one or a few joints stay resistant to this treatment and intraarticular corticosteroids injections. The aim: The attempt to identification methods of efficacy assessment of the 90yttrium knee joint RS. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Material and methods: The study group consisted of 43 patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and 19 patients with inflammatory spondyloarthropaties (SPA) where 8 patients were treated for ankylosing spondylitis (AS), 4 for psoriatic arthritis (PsA) and 7 due to undifferentiated inflammatory spondyloarthropaties (USPA)...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
Sarah Pradel, Stéphanie Brun, Gérard Victor, Pierre Pascal, Pauline Fournier, David Ribes, Yoan Lavie-Badie, Michel Galinier, Didier Carrié, Isabelle Berry, Olivier Lairez
AIMS: The purpose of the study was to describe the pattern of 99m Tc-labeled phosphate agents myocardial uptake by scintigraphy and explore its impact on left ventricular (LV) functions in transthyretin cardiac amyloidosis (TTR-CA). METHODS: Fifty patients with TTR-CA underwent 99m Tc- hydroxymethylene-diphosphonate (99m Tc-HMDP) scintigraphy and echocardiography with measure of LV thickness, longitudinal strain (LS), systolic and diastolic functions. Cardiac retention by scintigraphy was assessed by visual scoring and the heart/whole body (H/WB) ratio was calculated by dividing counts in the heart by counts in late whole-body images...
June 7, 2018: Journal of Nuclear Cardiology: Official Publication of the American Society of Nuclear Cardiology
Emilio Amilibia Cabeza, Susana Holgado Pérez, Marta Pérez Grau, Carme Moragues Pastor, Francesc Roca-Ribas Serdà, Miquel Quer Agustí
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Paget's disease of bone (PDB) may lead to hearing loss. The present study was conducted with the aim of measuring, characterizing and determining the risk factors for hearing loss in a group of subjects with PDB. METHODS: An observational, transversal, case-control study was conducted, a cohort of 76 subjects diagnosed with PDB in the case group and a control group of 134 subjects were included. Clinical, demographic and audiometric data were analysed...
June 4, 2018: Acta Otorrinolaringológica Española
Andrew B Rosenkrantz, Gregory N Nicola, Richard Duszak
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to assess radiologists' performance on Medicare quality measures and identify physician characteristics potentially influencing such scores. METHODS: Medicare quality scores reported by US radiologists in 2015 were obtained from CMS. Associations were explored with publicly available physician characteristic data. RESULTS: Overall, 15,045 radiologists reported 40,427 Medicare quality scores encompassing 25 claims measures, 18 registry measures, and 2 qualified clinical data registry (QCDR) measures...
June 2018: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
J-H Kang, Y-S An, S-H Park, S I Song
Bone scintigraphy has been used for the diagnosis of early-stage temporomandibular joint (TMJ) osteoarthritis (OA) owing to its high sensitivity. However, the diagnostic value of bone scintigraphy may be compromised when applied to patients in an age range with high bone metabolism rates. The aim of this study was to investigate the validity of bone scintigraphy as an appropriate diagnostic modality for TMJ OA. A total of 406 subjects (145 male, 261 female; age range 14-87 years) were selected, and all subjects underwent both bone scintigraphy and computed tomography (CT)...
May 31, 2018: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Aleksandra Konarzewska, Anna Korzon-Burakowska, Ludomira Rzepecka-Wejs, Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska, Edyta Szurowska, Michał Studniarek
One of significant challenges faced by diabetologists, surgeons and orthopedists who care for patients with diabetic foot syndrome is early diagnosis and differentiation of bone structure abnormalities typical of these patients, i.e. osteitis and Charcot arthropathy. In addition to clinical examination, the patient's medical history and laboratory tests, imaging plays a significant role. The evaluation usually begins with conventional radiographs. In the case of osteomyelitis, radiography shows osteopenia, lytic lesions, cortical destruction, periosteal reactions as well as, in the chronic phase, osteosclerosis and sequestra...
March 2018: Journal of Ultrasonography
D Donà, L Nai Fovino, E Mozzo, G Cabrelle, G Bordin, R Lundin, C Giaquinto, T Zangardi, O Rampon
Background: We performed a review of published case studies of osteomyelitis associated with cat-scratch disease to consolidate existing information on clinical presentation, diagnostic tools, therapy, and outcome, as well as presenting a case of disseminated cat-scratch disease in a 12-year-old female with skull osteomyelitis and spleen involvement. Methods: A search for articles indexed in PubMed, Embase, and Google Scholar was performed with the search terms " Bartonella ," "bone," "osteomyelitis," "osteolytic," and "cat-scratch disease" limited to the immunocompetent pediatric population and articles in English...
2018: Case Reports in Pediatrics
Xiaochuan Sun, Chen Li, Yihan Cao, Ximin Shi, Li Li, Weihong Zhang, Xia Wu, Nan Wu, Hongli Jing, Wen Zhang
BACKGROUNDS: Whole-body bone scintigraphy (WBBS) and MRI are widely used in assessment of patients with synovitis, acne, pustulosis, hyperostosis, and osteitis (SAPHO) syndrome. However, the value of F-18 fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography/computed tomography (18 F-FDG PET/CT) in SAPHO syndrome was unclear. The aim of this study was to characterize the manifestation of SAPHO syndrome on 18 F-FDG PET/CT and explore its relationship with clinical symptoms and WBBS. METHODS: Twenty-six patients who suffered from SAPHO syndrome and had undergone whole-body 18 F-FDG PET/CT were recruited in Peking Union Medical College Hospital from 2004 to 2016...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
Scott C Dembowski, Bradley S Tragord, Amy F Hand, Iván R Rohena-Quinquilla, Ian E Lee, David C Thoma, Joseph M Molloy
Background: Musculoskeletal injuries, including lower extremity bone stress injuries (BSI) significantly impact initial entry training (IET) in the U.S. Army due to limited duty days, trainee attrition, early medical discharge, and related financial costs. Factors complicating trainee BSI surveillance include inconsistent BSI coding practices, attrition documentation as both administrative separations and medical discharges and the inability to code for BSI grade or severity when using International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems 10th revision (ICD-10) codes...
May 18, 2018: Military Medicine
H K Mohan, K Strobel, W van der Bruggen, G Gnanasegaran, W U Kampen, T Kuwert, T Van den Wyngaert, F Paycha
A vast spectrum of lower limb bone and joint disorders (hip, knee, ankle, foot) present with a common clinical presentation: limping. Too often this symptom generates an inefficient cascade of imaging studies. This review attempts to optimise the diagnostic effectiveness of bone scintigraphy using the hybrid SPECT/CT technique in relation to the diagnostic clues provided by other imaging modalities, discusses the appropriate clinical indications, optimal scintigraphic procedures and illustrates updated image pattern-oriented reporting...
2018: European journal of hybrid imaging
Christelle Le Roux, Ann Carstens
Axial sesamoiditis or osteitis of the proximal sesamoid bones (PSBs) in the horse is described as a rare condition. The cause remains unknown and speculative, with vascular, infectious, and traumatic aetiologies implicated. It is specifically associated with injury of the palmar or plantar ligament (PL), also known as the intersesamoidean ligament. Imaging findings are generally rewarding and radiological changes are typical, if not pathognomonic, for the condition. Lesions consist of bone lysis at the apical to mid-body axial margins of the PSBs, with variable degrees of joint effusion...
March 29, 2018: Journal of the South African Veterinary Association
Gesa Isensee, Anne Péporté, Joachim Müller, Sabine Schmid, Silke Gillessen, Aurelius Omlin
INTRODUCTION: Radium-223 is an approved survival-prolonging treatment option in men with castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) and bone metastases. In the registration trial (ALSYMPCA), no regular imaging was mandated. We aimed to analyze men with metastatic mCRPC treated with radium-223 who had bone scintigraphy for staging and treatment monitoring. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective chart review was performed of mCRPC patients who received 6 cycles of radium-223 and who underwent bone scintigraphy before start of radium-223 and after 3 and 6 cycles of treatment...
April 23, 2018: Clinical Genitourinary Cancer
Monika Wojciechowska, Beata Bieniaś, Aleksandra Sobieszczańska-Droździel, Anna Wieczorkiewicz-Płaza, Iwona Beń-Skowronek, Przemysław Sikora
Primary hyperparathyroidism is one of the most common endocrine diseases, however, it is rare in children. In most cases, it is caused by adenoma of these organs. Its most common complications include urolithiasis, nephrocalcinosis and osteoporosis. CASE REPORT: A 16-year-old patient was admitted to our Clinic because of his first-ever renal colic. The ultrasound examination revealed rightsided hydronephrosis caused by the presence of 9 mm stone in the upper part of the right ureter. In addition, the presence of 8 mm stone in the middle calyx of the left kidney was found...
April 23, 2018: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
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