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Bone scintigraphy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452617/imaging-of-spondylodiscitis
#1
REVIEW
Meera Raghavan, Elena Lazzeri, Christopher J Palestro
Spondylodiscitis is an infection of the vertebral body or disc and may also involve the epidural space, posterior elements, and paraspinal soft tissues. It is a cause of morbidity and mortality, and warrants early diagnosis and prompt treatment. Diagnosis can be difficult because of nonspecific signs and symptoms. Magnetic resonance imaging is sensitive and specific and is the imaging modality of choice for spondylodiscitis. Gadolinium contrast can show the extent of soft tissue and bone phlegmon and abscess...
March 2018: Seminars in Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447047/prospective-comparative-study-of-18-f-sodium-fluoride-pet-ct-and-planar-bone-scintigraphy-for-treatment-response-assessment-of-bone-metastases-in-patients-with-prostate-cancer
#2
Randi Fuglsang Fonager, Helle Damgaard Zacho, Niels Christian Langkilde, Joan Fledelius, June Anita Ejlersen, Helle Westergreen Hendel, Christian Haarmark, Mette Moe, Jesper Carl Mortensen, Mads Ryø Jochumsen, Lars Jelstrup Petersen
AIM: To compare 18 F-sodium fluoride positron emission tomography/computed tomography (NaF PET/CT) and 99m Tc-labelled diphosphonate bone scan (BS) for the monitoring of bone metastases in patients with prostate cancer undergoing anti-cancer treatment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data from 64 patients with prostate cancer were included. The patients received androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT), next-generation hormonal therapy (NGH) or chemotherapy. The patients had a baseline scan and 1-3 subsequent scans during six months of treatment...
February 15, 2018: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434141/takayasu-arteritis-coexisting-with-sclerosing-osteomyelitis
#3
Tsuyoshi Shirai, Riiza Hanaoka, Yusuke Goto, Ikuho Kojima, Yusho Ishii, Yousuke Hoshi, Yoko Fujita, Yuko Shirota, Hiroshi Fujii, Tomonori Ishii, Hideo Harigae
We report a rare case of a 27-year-old woman with Takayasu arteritis (TAK) complicated by diffuse sclerosing osteomyelitis. She first presented with sclerosing osteomyelitis of the right mandible without evidence of arteritis in the carotid arteries. Eight months later, she complained of left neck pain, and imaging studies revealed the presence of arteritis in the left carotid artery. She was diagnosed with TAK, and immunosuppressive treatment was initiated, which was effective for both the arteritis and the osteomyelitis...
February 9, 2018: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432342/long-lasting-intense-bone-tracer-activity-at-the-sites-of-collagen-injection
#4
Ling Wang, Xiaona Jin, Fang Li
Collagen injection has been used as dermal filler in plastic and cosmetic surgery. A technetium Tc methylene diphosphonate bone scintigraphy was performed in a 47-year-old woman as part of the breast cancer evaluation. The images showed intense methylene diphosphonate activity on both sides of the frontal head, where she received collagen injection 1 year prior. The activity was visualized again in all 3 follow-up bone scans over the subsequent 3 years.
February 9, 2018: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430122/incidental-detection-of-perinephric-urinary-leak-on-bone-scintigraphy-in-a-patient-with-urinary-bladder-carcinoma
#5
Shelvin Kumar Vadi, Vaishnavi Dasagrandhi, Anish Bhattacharya, Shrawan Kumar Singh, Bhagwant Rai Mittal
A 71-year-old male patient with urothelial carcinoma of the bladder was referred for 99mTc-methylene diphosphonate bone scintigraphy to assess for skeletal metastasis. While the bone scan showed no abnormal skeletal uptake, tracer activity was detected in the extrarenal region of the left renal fossa on the planar image; single photon emission computed tomography-computed tomography (CT) demonstrated tracer pooling in the perirenal collection. In addition, the CT detected nontracer-avid parenchymal lung nodules and hypodense liver lesions consistent with metastatic disease...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Nuclear Medicine: IJNM: the Official Journal of the Society of Nuclear Medicine, India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425221/18f-fluorocholine-pet-ct-in-patients-with-occult-biochemical-recurrence-of-prostate-cancer-detection-rate-impact-on-management-and-adequacy-of-impact-a-prospective-multicentre-study
#6
Quentin Gillebert, Virginie Huchet, Caroline Rousseau, Alexandre Cochet, Pierre Olivier, Frédéric Courbon, Eric Gontier, Valérie Nataf, Sona Balogova, Jean-Noël Talbot
AIM: To prospectively evaluate the clinical impact and the diagnostic performance of FCH-PET/CT in patients with occult biochemical recurrence of prostate cancer (PCa). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Results of 179 patients (mean PSA = 7.5ng/mL) with negative/inconclusive results of pelvic-MRI and of bone-scintigraphy were analysed. To determine the impact of FCH-PET/CT on diagnostic thinking and on patient management, the referring physicians prospectively filled-in a 1st and 2nd questionnaire related to patient's planned management before and after FCH-PET/CT...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407121/lung-uptake-during-99mtc-hydroxymethylene-diphosphonate-scintigraphy-in-patient-with-ttr-cardiac-amyloidosis-an-underestimated-phenomenon
#7
Francesco Cappelli, Chiara Gallini, Egidio Natalino Costanzo, Francesca Tutino, Alfonso Ciaccio, Luca Vaggelli, Simone Bartolini, Sofia Morini, Raffaele Martone, Paola Angelotti, Sabrina Frusconi, Carlo Di Mario, Federico Perfetto
BACKGROUND: Full body scintigraphy using bone tracers plays an important role in defining the type of amyloidosis and in diagnosing the heart involvement (cardiac amyloidosis, CA). No study has been conducted to explore lung retention (LR) in CA and its correlation to heart retention (HR).We evaluated LR in patients undergoing 99mTc-HMDP scintigraphy during evaluation for suspected CA. METHODS AND RESULTS: We enrolled 93 suspected CA patients. Patients underwent a complete diagnostic work up...
March 1, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394705/-a-case-of-metastases-to-the-bone-skin-and-ovary-from-gastric-cancer-occurring-more-than-eight-years-after-distal-gastrectomy
#8
Yukari Woo, Shigeru Fujisaki, Motoi Takashina, Ryouichi Tomita, Kenichi Sakurai, Tadatoshi Takayama
We report a 72-year-old woman with rare metastases of gastric cancer to the bone, skin, and ovary occurring more than 8 years after distal gastrectomy, which were subsequently effectively controlled. Histopathological diagnosis revealed signetring cell carcinoma, and the comprehensive findings were pT4a, pN3, ly2, v0, and Stage III c. The adjuvant chemotherapy of S- 1 plus cisplatin(CDDP)was switched to S-1monotherapy for 4 years and then to tegafur/uracil(UFT)for an additional year. Eight years after the operation, I-CTP and alkaline phosphatase(ALP)levels were elevated, and bone scintigraphy revealed bone metastasis...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394543/-a-case-of-ductal-carcinoma-in-situ-in-sclerosing-adenosis
#9
Yasuhiro Fukui, Shinichiro Kashiwagi, Koji Takada, Wataru Goto, Yuka Asano, Tamami Morisaki, Satoru Noda, Tsutomu Takashima, Naoyoshi Onoda, Masahiko Ohsawa, Kosei Hirakawa, Masaichi Ohira
A 67-year-old female was referred to our hospital because she was pointed out mass in her right breast by her previous doctor. Core needle biopsy examination was performed at that time which revealed invasive ductal carcinoma. There'reno palpable masses in her breast or any superficial lymph nodes on her visiting our hospital. Breast ultrasonography images showed multiple nodules in C area of right breast. Breast enhanced MRI image revealed multiple enhanced nodules which showed rapid arising and plateau or slowly decreasing pattern in time intensity curve...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394538/-a-case-of-synchronous-triple-cancer-of-the-breast-duodenal-and-lung
#10
Koji Takada, Shinichiro Kashiwagi, Ryosuke Amano, Wataru Goto, Yuka Asano, Go Ohira, Kenjiro Kimura, Masahiko Ohsawa, Kosei Hirakawa, Masaichi Ohira
A 71-year-old woman visited her nearby hospital because jaundice and right hypochondralgia. She was diagnosed as obstructive jaundice due to duodenal papillary carcinoma and was introduced to our hospital. Chest computed tomography showed some tumors in both lung and left breast, then the breast tumor was diagnosed as primary breast cancer by needle biopsy. Since it was difficult to distinguish whether multiple tumor of lung was primary lung cancer or metastasis, right pulmonary partial resection using a thoracoscope was performed...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394537/-a-case-of-adenoma-of-the-nipple-suspected-of-breast-cancer
#11
Koji Takada, Shinichiro Kashiwagi, Wataru Goto, Yuka Asano, Tamami Morisaki, Satoru Noda, Tsutomu Takashima, Naoyoshi Onoda, Masahiko Ohsawa, Kosei Hirakawa, Masaichi Ohira
Adenoma of the nipple is a rare benign tumor, and it is important to distinguish from Paget's disease or breast cancer. A 45- year-old woman had found induration under the right areola before 2 months and visited our hospital. Ultrasonography showed a 2.4 cm solid tumor in a cystic lesion, which had high blood flow in E area of the right mammary gland. The tumor suspected as duct papillomatosis by core needle biopsy. No metastasis lesion was found by computed tomography and bone scintigraphy. But magnetic resonance imaging showed as a marginally clear tumor with contrast enhanced findings that were relatively early reinforced and prolonged...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393055/tc-99m-mdp-bone-spect-ct-findings-of-a-patient-detected-with-a-new-mutation-in-lemd3-gene-a-case-of-osteopoikilosis
#12
Güler Silov, Zeynep Erdoğan, Murat Erdoğan, Ayşegül Özdal, Hümeyra Gençer, Tayfun Akalın, Seyhan Karaçavuş
Osteopoikilosis is an inherited condition with autosomal dominant trait resulting in sclerotic foci throughout the skeleton. It has been suggested that loss-of-function mutations of LEMD3 gene located on 12q14.3 result in osetopoikilosis. A bp heterozygote deletion was detected in our patient at the cytosine nucleotide at position 1105 with molecular genetic analysis. Although this mutation has not been previously described, it was considered to be the most likely cause of the disease in our patient due to frame shift and premature stop codon formation...
February 1, 2018: Molecular Imaging and Radionuclide Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393050/sphenoid-bone-fibrous-dysplasia-detected-incidentally-on-bone-scintigraphy-by-the-contribution-of-spect-ct-hybrid-imaging
#13
Hüseyin Şan, Kürşat Okuyucu, Ali Ozan Öner, Özdeş Emer, Alper Özgür Karaçalıoğlu
Fibrous dysplasia (FD) is a benign fibroosseous bone disorder. It has poliostotic and monostotic patterns. Monostotic FD is frequently asymptomatic and is usually discovered incidentally by radiologic imaging performed for other reasons. Bone scintigraphy is valuable for identifying disease extent. Craniofacial FD (CFD) is a form of the disease where lesions are limited to contiguous bones of the craniofacial skeleton. We presented a case with monostotic CFD who was detected incidentally on bone scintigraphy single-photon emission computed tomography/computerized tomography while being investigated for inflammatory arthropaties...
February 1, 2018: Molecular Imaging and Radionuclide Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391914/multiple-regression-analysis-of-predictors-of-bone-scintigraphy-positivity-in-patients-with-head-and-neck-cancers
#14
Daris Theerakulpisut, Nantaporn Wongsurawat, Narudom Supakalin, Charoonsak Somboonporn
Purpose: The value of bone scintigraphy (BS) in patients with head and neck cancers (HNCs) has been questioned, with conflicting findings regarding positivity yield with some reports recommending BS be omitted from work-up of HNC patients since it rarely yields positive results. This study aims to determine the positivity yield of BS in HNCs and to determine predictors for BS positivity to help tailor appropriate BS utilization. Methods: BS studies of HNC patients were reviewed, the positivity yield was determined...
February 2018: Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390293/prognostic-utility-of-fdg-pet-ct-and-bone-scintigraphy-in-breast-cancer-patients-with-bone-only-metastasis
#15
Soyeon Park, Joon-Kee Yoon, Su Jin Lee, Seok Yun Kang, Hyunee Yim, Young-Sil An
We performed this retrospective clinical study to examine the prognostic power of bone scintigraphy (BS) and F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (FDG PET/CT) in terms of overall survival (OS) of breast cancer with bone-only metastasis.We retrospectively evaluated 100 female invasive ductal breast cancer patients (mean age 48.1 years) with bone-only metastasis. Twenty-five patients had human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-positive tumors, 65 were estrogen receptor (ER) and/or progesterone receptor (PR)-positive, HER2-negative tumors, and 10 were triple negative tumors...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29388057/utility-of-radionuclide-bone-scintigraphy-in-complex-regional-pain-syndrome
#16
REVIEW
Brandon A Howard, Lance Roy, Alan David Kaye, Srinivas Pyati
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To describe the current understanding of the role of three-phase bone scintigraphy (TPBS) in the diagnosis and management of complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS), discuss its advantages and limitations, and present three examples of TPBS patterns typically seen in CRPS patients. RECENT FINDINGS: CRPS is a debilitating disorder frequently presenting with pain to ordinarily non-painful stimuli, redness, swelling, following fractures, stroke, myocardial infarction, surgery, or even minor trauma, and its diagnosis, based on clinical criteria and supportive imaging findings, is difficult...
February 1, 2018: Current Pain and Headache Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29382023/case-report-remarkable-remission-of-sapho-syndrome-in-response-to-tripterygium-wilfordii-hook-f-treatment
#17
Chen Li, Xiaochuan Sun, Yihan Cao, Wenrui Xu, Wen Zhang, Zhenhua Dong
RATIONALE: SAPHO (synovitis, acne, pustulosis, hyperostosis, and osteitis) syndrome is an autoinflammatory disease with no standardized treatment. Tripterygium wilfordii hook f (TwHF) is a Chinese herb with immunosuppressive effects and has been used to treat some chronic inflammatory diseases. However, it has not been reported as a therapeutic option in SAPHO syndrome. Here we present the first report in which a remarkable remission of SAPHO syndrome was achieved in response to TwHF...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29380137/automated-segmentation-and-detection-of-increased-uptake-regions-in-bone-scintigraphy-using-spect-ct-images
#18
Masakazu Tsujimoto, Atsushi Teramoto, Seiichiro Ota, Hiroshi Toyama, Hiroshi Fujita
PURPOSE: To develop a method for automated detection of highly integrated sites in SPECT images using bone information obtained from CT images in bone scintigraphy. METHODS: Bone regions on CT images were first extracted, and bones were identified by segmenting multiple regions. Next, regions corresponding to the bone regions on SPECT images were extracted based on the bone regions on CT images. Subsequently, increased uptake regions were extracted from the SPECT image using thresholding and three-dimensional labeling...
January 27, 2018: Annals of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371410/intra-individual-comparison-of-tc-99m-mdp-bone-scan-and-the-psma-ligand-tc-99m-mip-1427-in-patients-with-osseous-metastasized-prostate-cancer
#19
Hendrik Rathke, Ali Afshar-Oromieh, Frederik L Giesel, Christophe Kremer, Paul Flechsig, Sabine Haufe, Walter Mier, Tim Holland-Letz, Maximilian de Bucourt, Thomas Armor, John Babich, Uwe Haberkorn, Clemens Kratochwil
To evaluate the detection rate of bone metastases obtained with the PSMA targeting tracer 99mTc-MIP-1427 as opposed to the conventional bone scan with 99mTc-MDP in a collective of advanced stage patients with known osseous metastasized prostate cancer. Methods: 21 Patients with known metastatic disease were staged with both, conventional bone scan and PSMA-ligand scintigraphy, within a time-frame of <10 days. Imaging included planar whole-body scans and SPECT or SPECT/CT with two bed positions 3 h after injection of either 500-750 MBq 99mTc-MIP-1427 or 600-750 MBq 99mTc-MDP...
January 25, 2018: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29361626/-secondary-dementia-due-to-leptomeningeal-metastasis-of-breast-cancer-improved-by-whole-brain-radiation
#20
Mariko Asai, Hiroshi Tanaka, Yasutomo Goto, Tetsuya Yamada, Norihiro Yuasa, Eiji Takeuchi, Hideo Miyake, Hidemasa Nagai, Yuichiro Yoshioka, Masataka Okuno, Natsuko Kawai, Takayuki Minami, Takuya Nagao, Shingo Maeda, Koichi Mouri, Kouji Fukata, Hironori Mizuno, Takuji Iwase, Kanji Miyata
A 62-year-old woman received chemotherapy for breast cancer with bone metastasis and malignant pleural and pericardial effusion. She was examined by imaging for progressive cognitive impairment and headache. Enhanced MRI findings showed multiple solid tumors on brain surface, and brain perfusion scintigraphy showed blood flow decrease in both parietal lobes. She was diagnosed with secondary dementia due to leptomeningeal metastases of breast cancer, and whole brain external irradiation was performed(30 Gy/15 Fr)...
December 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
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