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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629562/3t-mr-defecography-a-feasibility-study-in-sensorimotor-complete-spinal-cord-injured-patients-with-neurogenic-bowel-dysfunction
#1
Cornelia Putz, Celine D Alt, Cornelia Hensel, Björn Wagner, Simone Gantz, Hans-Jürgen Gerner, Norbert Weidner, Lars Grenacher
INTRODUCTION: To investigate whether MR-defecography can be employed in sensorimotor complete spinal cord injury (SCI) subjects as a potential diagnostic tool to detect defecational disorders associated with neurogenic bowel dysfunction (NBD) using standard parameters for obstructed defecation. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In a prospective single centre clinical trial, we developed MR-defecography in traumatic sensorimotor complete paraplegic SCI patients with upper motoneuron type injury (neurological level of injury T1 to T10) using a conventional 3T scanner...
June 2017: European Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619991/evidence-that-differentiation-inducing-factor-1-controls-chemotaxis-and-cell-differentiation-at-least-in-part-via-mitochondria-in-d-discoideum
#2
Yuzuru Kubohara, Haruhisa Kikuchi, Van Hai Nguyen, Hidekazu Kuwayama, Yoshiteru Oshima
Differentiation-inducing factor-1 [1-(3,5-dichloro-2,6-dihydroxy-4-methoxyphenyl)hexan-1-one (DIF-1)] is an important regulator of cell differentiation and chemotaxis in the development of the cellular slime mold Dictyostelium discoideum However, the entire signaling pathways downstream of DIF-1 remain to be elucidated. To characterize DIF-1 and its potential receptor(s), we synthesized two fluorescent derivatives of DIF-1, boron-dipyrromethene (BODIPY)-conjugated DIF-1 (DIF-1-BODIPY) and nitrobenzoxadiazole (NBD)-conjugated DIF-1 (DIF-1-NBD), and investigated their biological activities and cellular localization...
June 15, 2017: Biology Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603639/folding-correction-of-abc-transporter-abcb1-by-pharmacological-chaperones-a-mechanistic-concept
#3
Matthias Spork, Muhammad Imran Sohail, Diethart Schmid, Gerhard F Ecker, Michael Freissmuth, Peter Chiba, Thomas Stockner
Point mutations of ATP-binding cassette (ABC) proteins are a common cause of human diseases. Available crystal structures indicate a similarity in the architecture of several members of this protein family. Their molecular architecture makes these proteins vulnerable to mutation, when critical structural elements are affected. The latter preferentially involve the two transmembrane domain (TMD)/nucleotide-binding domain (NBD) interfaces (transmission interfaces), formation of which requires engagement of coupling helices of intracellular loops with NBDs...
June 2017: Pharmacology Research & Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601781/cysteine-residues-244-and-458-459-within-the-catalytic-subunit-of-na-k-atpase-control-the-enzyme-s-hydrolytic-and-signaling-function-under-hypoxic-conditions
#4
Irina Yu Petrushanko, Vladimir A Mitkevich, Valentina A Lakunina, Anastasia A Anashkina, Pavel V Spirin, Peter M Rubtsov, Vladimir S Prassolov, Nikolay B Bogdanov, Pascal Hänggi, William Fuller, Alexander A Makarov, Anna Bogdanova
Our previous findings suggested that reversible thiol modifications of cysteine residues within the actuator (AD) and nucleotide binding domain (NBD) of the Na,K-ATPase may represent a powerful regulatory mechanism conveying redox- and oxygen-sensitivity of this multifunctional enzyme. S-glutathionylation of Cys244 in the AD and Cys 454-458-459 in the NBD inhibited the enzyme and protected cysteines' thiol groups from irreversible oxidation under hypoxic conditions. In this study mutagenesis approach was used to assess the role these cysteines play in regulation of the Na,K-ATPase hydrolytic and signaling functions...
May 31, 2017: Redox Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598056/neuro-behcet-s-disease-presenting-as-a-young-stroke
#5
Nishit Biniwale, Rutuja Kibe, Avanti Biniwale
Neuro-Behcet's disease (NBD) is a rare neurological manifestation of the systemic small vessel vasculitis called Behcet's disease. It can present in various ways with predilection for the brain stem, thalamo- hypothalamic regions, cerebellum and basal ganglia. In this case, we describe a case of young stroke that was later attributed to NBD.
May 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592871/incorporation-of-fluorescence-ceramide-based-hplc-assay-for-rapidly-and-efficiently-assessing-glucosylceramide-synthase-in-vivo
#6
Sachin K Khiste, Salman B Hosain, Yixuan Dong, Mohammad B Uddin, Kartik R Roy, Ronald A Hill, Zhijun Liu, Yong-Yu Liu
Glucosylceramide synthase (GCS) is a rate-limiting enzyme catalyzing ceramide glycosylation, thereby regulating cellular ceramide levels and the synthesis of glycosphingolipids (GSLs) in cellular membranes. Alterations of GCS not only affect membrane integrity, but also closely correlate with stem cell pluripotency, cancer drug resistance, GSL storage disorders and other diseases. Enzyme activities measured conventionally with currently available ex-vivo methods do not enable reliable assessment of the roles played by GCS in vivo...
June 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588242/photoswitchable-phospholipid-fret-acceptor-detergent-free-intermembrane-transfer-assay-of-fluorescent-lipid-analogs
#7
Mariko Sumi, Asami Makino, Takehiko Inaba, Yasushi Sako, Fumihiro Fujimori, Peter Greimel, Toshihide Kobayashi
We have developed and characterized a novel photoswitchable phospholipid analog termed N-nitroBIPS-DPPG. The fluorescence can be switched on and off repeatedly with minimal photobleaching by UV or visible light exposure, respectively. The rather large photochromic head group is inserted deeply into the interfacial membrane region conferring a conical overall lipid shape, preference for a positive curvature and only minimal intermembrane transfer. Utilizing the switchable NBD fluorescence quenching ability of N-nitroBIPS-DPPG, a detergent free intermembrane transfer assay system for NBD modified lipids was demonstrated and validated...
June 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578011/homology-modeling-and-in-silico-prediction-of-ulcerative-colitis-associated-polymorphisms-of-nod1
#8
Ishani Majumdar, Isha Nagpal, Jaishree Paul
Cytosolic pattern recognition receptors play key roles in innate immune response. Nucleotide binding and oligomerisation domain containing protein 1 (NOD1) belonging to the Nod-like receptor C (NLRC) sub-family of Nod-like receptors (NLRs) is important for detection and clearance of intra-cellular Gram negative bacteria. NOD1 is involved in activation of pro-inflammatory pathways. Limited structural data is available for NOD1. Using different templates for each domain of NOD1, we determined the full-length homology model of NOD1...
May 31, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Probes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570808/development-and-characterization-of-a-fluorescent-tracer-for-the-free-fatty-acid-receptor-2-ffa2-gpr43
#9
Anders Højgaard Hansen, Eugenia Sergeev, Sunil K Pandey, Brian D Hudson, Elisabeth Christiansen, Graeme Milligan, Trond Ulven
The free fatty acid receptor 2 (FFA2/GPR43) is considered a potential target for treatment of metabolic and inflammatory diseases. Here we describe the development of the first fluorescent tracer for FFA2 intended as a tool for assessment of thermodynamic and kinetic binding parameters of unlabeled ligands. Starting with a known azetidine FFA2 antagonist, we used a carboxylic acid moiety known not to be critical for receptor interaction as attachment point for a nitrobenzoxadiazole (NBD) fluorophore. This led to the development of 4 (TUG-1609), a fluorescent tracer for FFA2 with favorable spectroscopic properties and high affinity, as determined by bioluminescence resonance energy transfer (BRET)-based saturation and kinetic binding experiments, as well as a high specific to non-specific BRET binding signal...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566962/impact-of-neuro-beh%C3%A3-et-disease-immunoglobulin-g-on-neuronal-apoptosis
#10
Murat Giriş, Sinem Bireller, Cem İsmail Küçükali, Haşmet Hanağasi, Sevgin Değirmencioğlu, Erdem Tüzün
INTRODUCTION: Parenchymal neuro-Behçet disease (NBD) is encountered in 5%-15% of Behçet disease (BD) patients and is characterized by inflammation of the brainstem and diencephalon structures. Neuronal apoptosis has been shown to participate in neuronal cell loss. Anti-neuronal antibodies have been identified in NBD patients. However, the pathogenic properties of these antibodies have not been studied. METHODS: To delineate the potential pathogenic activity of serum antibodies on neurons, pooled sera from seven NBD patients and seven healthy controls were divided into purified immunoglobulin G (IgG) and IgG-depleted serum fractions, and each fraction was administered to cultured SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells...
March 2017: Noro Psikiyatri Arsivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28565910/photochemical-energy-storage-and-electrochemically-triggered-energy-release-in-the-norbornadiene-quadricyclane-system-uv%C3%A2-photochemistry-and-ir-spectroelectrochemistry-in-a-combined-experiment
#11
Olaf Brummel, Fabian Waidhas, Udo Bauer, Yanlin Wu, Sebastian Bochmann, Hans-Peter Steinrück, Christian Papp, Julien Bachmann, Jörg Libuda
The two valence isomers norbornadiene (NBD) and quadricyclane (QC) enable solar energy storage in a single molecule system. We present a new photoelectrochemical infrared reflection absorption spectroscopy (PEC-IRRAS) experiment, which allows monitoring of the complete energy storage and release cycle by in situ vibrational spectroscopy. Both processes were investigated, the photochemical conversion from NBD to QC using the photosensitizer 4,4'-bis(dimethylamino)benzophenone (Michler's ketone, MK) and the electrochemically triggered cycloreversion from QC to NBD...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558770/leishmania-labcg1-and-labcg2-transporters-are-involved-in-virulence-and-oxidative-stress-functional-linkage-with-autophagy
#12
José Ignacio Manzano, Ana Perea, David León-Guerrero, Jenny Campos-Salinas, Lucia Piacenza, Santiago Castanys, Francisco Gamarro
BACKGROUND: The G subfamily of ABC (ATP-binding cassette) transporters of Leishmania include 6 genes (ABCG1-G6), some with relevant biological functions associated with drug resistance and phospholipid transport. Several studies have shown that Leishmania LABCG2 transporter plays a role in the exposure of phosphatidylserine (PS), in virulence and in resistance to antimonials. However, the involvement of this transporter in other key biological processes has not been studied. METHODS: To better understand the biological function of LABCG2 and its nearly identical tandem-repeated transporter LABCG1, we have generated Leishmania major null mutant parasites for both genes (ΔLABCG1-2)...
May 30, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558200/multiplexed-lipid-bilayers-on-silica-microspheres-for-analytical-screening-applications
#13
Nadiezda Fernandez Oropeza, Nesia A Zurek, Mirella Galvan-De La Cruz, Aurora Fabry-Wood, Jennifer M Fetzer, Steven W Graves, Andrew P Shreve
Most druggable targets are membrane components, including membrane proteins and soluble proteins that interact with ligands or receptors embedded in membranes. Current target-based screening and intermolecular interaction assays generally do not include the lipid membrane environment in presenting these targets, possibly altering their native structure and leading to misleading or incorrect results. To address this issue, an ideal assay involving membrane components would (1) mimic the natural membrane environment, (2) be amenable to high-throughput implementation, and (3) be easily multiplexed...
June 9, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542489/d-helix-influences-dimerization-of-the-atp-binding-cassette-abc-transporter-associated-with-antigen-processing-1-tap1-nucleotide-binding-domain
#14
Ahmet S Vakkasoglu, Sriram Srikant, Rachelle Gaudet
ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters form a large family of transmembrane importers and exporters. Using two nucleotide-binding domains (NBDs), which form a canonical ATP-sandwich dimer at some point within the transport cycle, the transporters harness the energy from ATP binding and hydrolysis to drive substrate transport. However the structural elements that enable and tune the dimerization propensity of the NBDs have not been fully elucidated. Here we compared the biochemical properties of the NBDs of human and rat TAP1, a subunit of the heterodimeric transporter associated with antigen processing (TAP)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537535/ethephon-increases-photosynthetic-nitrogen-use-efficiency-proline-and-antioxidant-metabolism-to-alleviate-decrease-in-photosynthesis-under-salinity-stress-in-mustard
#15
Noushina Iqbal, Shahid Umar, Tasir S Per, Nafees A Khan
Salinity is a serious threat to plant growth and development worldwide reducing agricultural productivity each year. Ethylene is an important phytohormone that affects plants performance under normal and abiotic stress conditions. In this study, role of ethylene was investigated in mitigating salinity stress (100 mM NaCl) effects on photosynthesis in mustard plants subjected to different nitrogen (N; 5 and 10 mM) levels. Plants under salinity stress exhibited marked increase in proline and reduced glutathione (GSH) content and activity of antioxidant enzymes...
May 24, 2017: Plant Signaling & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511912/inhibition-of-kdm4a-activity-as-a-strategy-to-suppress-interleukin-6-production-and-attenuate-colitis-induction
#16
Kazuhiro Ishiguro, Osamu Watanabe, Masanao Nakamura, Takeshi Yamamura, Masanobu Matsushita, Hidemi Goto, Yoshiki Hirooka
4-Chloro-7-nitro-2,1,3-benzoxadiazole (NBD-Cl) functions as a hapten and fluoresces upon binding to proteins. Therefore, fluorescence visualization of hapten-proteins is a feature of the colitis induced by NBD-Cl. Using this colitis model, we located activated fibroblasts in the vicinity of hapten-proteins upon colitis induction and observed interleukin (IL)-6 production in the activated fibroblasts. We screened herbal ingredients using primary fibroblasts stimulated with tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) and found the suppressive action of Atractylodin on IL-6 production...
July 2017: Clinical Immunology: the Official Journal of the Clinical Immunology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508550/photoluminescent-peptide-based-nanostructures-as-fret-donor-for-fluorophore-dye
#17
Carlo Diaferia, Teresa Sibillano, Cinzia Giannini, Valentina Roviello, Luigi Vitagliano, Giancarlo Morelli, Antonella Accardo
A great interest has been recently generated by the discovery that peptide-based nanostructures (NSs) endowed with cross-β structure may show interesting photoluminescent (PL) properties. It was shown that NSs formed by PEGylated hexaphenylalanine (PEG8 -F6, PEG=polyethylene glycol) are able to emit at 460 nm when excited at 370 or 410 nm. Here, the possibility to transfer the fluorescence of these PEG8 -F6-based NSs by foster resonance electron transfer (FRET) phenomenon to a fluorescent dye was explored...
May 16, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505454/perturbation-response-scanning-reveals-key-residues-for-allosteric-control-in-hsp70
#18
David Penkler, Ozge Sensoy, Canan Atilgan, Ozlem Tastan Bishop
Hsp70 molecular chaperones play an important role in maintaining cellular homeostasis, and are implicated in a wide array of cellular processes including protein recovery from aggregates, cross membrane protein translocation, and protein biogenesis. Hsp70 consists of two domains, a nucleotide binding domain (NBD) and a substrate binding domain (SBD), each of which communicates via an allosteric mechanism such that the protein interconverts between two functional states, an ATP bound open conformation and an ADP bound closed conformation...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503061/use-of-4-fr-versus-6-fr-nasobiliary-catheter-for-biliary-drainage-a-prospective-multicenter-randomized-controlled-study
#19
Tomofumi Tsuboi, Masahiro Serikawa, Tamito Sasaki, Yasutaka Ishii, Yoshifumi Fujimoto, Atsushi Yamaguchi, Takashi Ishigaki, Akinori Shimizu, Keisuke Kurihara, Yumiko Tatsukawa, Eisuke Miyaki, Kazuaki Chayama
Background and Aim. Endoscopic nasobiliary drainage (NBD) effects according to diameter remain unclear. We aimed to assess the drainage effects of the 4-Fr and 6-Fr NBD catheters. Methods. This prospective, multicenter, randomized, controlled study was conducted at Hiroshima University Hospital and related facilities within Hiroshima Prefecture. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) in 246 patients revealed acute cholangitis, obstructive jaundice, and/or extrahepatic cholestasis; 4-Fr or 6-Fr NBD catheters were randomly allocated and placed in these patients...
2017: Diagnostic and Therapeutic Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494384/attentional-blink-to-alcohol-cues-in-binge-drinkers-versus-non-binge-drinkers
#20
Francesco M DePalma, Natalie Ceballos, Reiko Graham
Previous studies have shown alcohol-related attentional biases in social drinkers; however, the temporal dynamics of these biases are not well understood. The current study examined this issue in 94 participants (27 male) categorized as binge drinkers (BD) or non-binge drinkers (NBD). Two versions of an alcohol-related attentional blink (AB) paradigm were used: one with words and one with images. It was predicted that BDs (versus NBDs) would exhibit reduced AB for alcohol cues, which would be enhanced for the pictorial version of the task (versus words)...
April 29, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
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