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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217902/magnitude-severity-and-outcome-of-traumatic-pancreatic-injury-at-a-level-i-trauma-center-in-india
#1
Amit Gupta, Subodh Kumar, Sanjay Kumar Yadav, Biplab Mishra, Maneesh Singhal, Atin Kumar, Pramod Garg
Pancreatic injury is an uncommon and frequently missed injury in abdominal trauma patients. However, missed pancreatic injury is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. This study was conducted to know the burden of pancreatic injury and its outcome in our setup. A retrospective analysis of 53 patients with pancreatic injury from January 2008 through March 2012 at the Jai Prakash Narayan Apex Trauma Center (JPNATC), All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), New Delhi. Pancreatic injuries were present in 1...
December 2017: Indian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184324/status-of-iodine-nutrition-among-pregnant-women-attending-antenatal-clinic-of-a-secondary-care-hospital-a-cross-sectional-study-from-northern-india
#2
Shashi Kant, Partha Haldar, Ayush Lohiya, Kapil Yadav, Chandrakant S Pandav
Background: Daily requirement of iodine increases during pregnancy making pregnant women a high-risk group for iodine deficiency disorders. The limited available literature shows that even in iodine sufficient population, pregnant women are iodine deficient. Objective: The objective of this study is to assess the current iodine nutrition status among pregnant women in Ballabgarh, district Faridabad, Haryana. Materials and Methods: Pregnant women were recruited from antenatal clinic (ANC) of subdistrict hospital (SDH), Ballabgarh, Haryana...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956269/the-journey-of-an-indian-pediatric-cardiologist-dr-k-c-chaudhuri-lifetime-achievement-award-oration-at-aiims-new-delhi-september-2017
#3
P Syamasundar Rao
The life journey of an Indian pediatric cardiologist, who bestowed considerable attention to the development of new knowledge and train/teach physicians around the world while providing care of patients with heart disease over a 45-y period, is reviewed. This appraisal focuses particular attention on the scientific contributions to the literature. These include spontaneous closure of physiologically advantageous ventricular septal defects, various issues related to a congenital heart defect namely, tricuspid atresia and transcatheter and, interventional pediatric cardiac procedures...
November 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764139/atlantooccipital-fusion-prevalence-and-its-developmental-and-clinical-correlation
#4
D K Sharma, Deepak Sharma, Vandana Sharma
INTRODUCTION: Atlantooccipital fusion or occipitalization of atlas or assimilation of atlas is a rare or uncommon abnormality recorded in anatomical, morphological and radiological studies. It is usually associated with reduction in dimensions of foramen magnum leading to acute or chronic neurovascular compression and clinical manifestations of varying severity. Though, atlantooccipital fusion is rare but it is important and significant for the physicians and surgeons for their diagnostic and therapeutic approach...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757829/effect-of-dexmedetomidine-as-an-adjuvant-to-bupivacaine-in-femoral-nerve-block-for-perioperative-analgesia-in-patients-undergoing-total-knee-replacement-arthroplasty-a-dose-response-study
#5
Senthil K Packiasabapathy, Lokesh Kashyap, Mahesh K Arora, Ravinder Kumar Batra, V K Mohan, Ganga Prasad, C S Yadav
CONTEXT: Dexmedetomidine is being increasingly used in nerve blocks. However, there are only a few dose determination studies. AIMS: To compare two doses of dexmedetomidine, in femoral nerve block, for postoperative analgesia after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). SETTINGS AND DESIGN: A prospective, randomized, controlled trial was conducted in the Department of Anesthesia at AIIMS, a Tertiary Care Hospital. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty American Society of Anesthesiologists I-II patients undergoing TKA under subarachnoid block were randomized to three Groups A, B, and C...
July 2017: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757693/effect-of-phacoemulsification-on-measurement-of-retinal-nerve-fiber-layer-and-optic-nerve-head-parameters-using-spectral-domain-optical-coherence-tomography
#6
Bhaskar Jha, Reetika Sharma, Murugesan Vanathi, Tushar Agarwal, Talvir Sidhu, Ankit Tomar, Tanuj Dada
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of phacoemulsification cataract extraction on measurement of retinal nerve fiber layer and optic nerve head parameters using spectral domain optical coherence tomography. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A prospective, hospital-based study of 100 patients of 40 years of age and above, with no other ocular morbidity except cataract and planned for phacoemulsification with IOL implantation (SN60WF) at a tertiary centre at AIIMS, New Delhi, India...
May 2017: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551840/pregnancy-after-endometrial-scratching-in-infertile-couples-undergoing-ovulation-induction-and-intrauterine-insemination-cycles-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Tuhina Goel, Reeta Mahey, Neerja Bhatla, Mani Kalaivani, Sangeeta Pant, Alka Kriplani
PURPOSE: To study the effect of endometrial scratching in infertile couples undergoing ovulation induction and intrauterine insemination (IUI) cycles. METHODS: A prospective randomized controlled trial was conducted in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, AIIMS, New Delhi, India. One hundred forty-four women with primary/secondary infertility were recruited. Couples were either unexplained or male factor infertility. Subjects were randomized into intervention (scratching) and control group...
August 2017: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546678/effect-of-selected-yogic-practices-on-pain-and-disability-in-patients-with-lumbar-spondylitis
#8
Rajesh Kumar Manik, Ashok Kumar Mahapatra, Rajendra Gartia, Sumit Bansal, Ashis Patnaik
AIM: The study was designed to find the effect of selected yogic practices on lumbar spondylitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a prospective, randomized study without a control trial. A total of 172 participants with lumbar spondylitis (age 21-79 years) from the outpatient department (OPD) of neurosurgery, AIIMS, Bhubaneswar, were randomly assigned to receive yoga therapy. The module of selected yogic practices consisted of pawanamuktasana series 1 (loosening and strengthening), asana, pranayama, and relaxation techniques Yoga Nidra...
May 2017: International Journal of Yoga
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384847/variation-in-the-branching-pattern-of-third-part-of-axillary-artery-a-case-report
#9
Aritra Banerjee, Chiman Kumari, Saroj Kaler Jhajhria
Anatomical variation of the branching pattern of axillary artery is very common. The knowledge of this variation is often useful during different surgical and interventional procedures. Variations include typically of Lateral Thoracic Artery (LTA) and Posterior Circumflex Humeral Artery (PCHA). The present case has been reported to document the variation of LTA and PCHA. The axilla of a 65-year-old embalmed female cadaver was routinely dissected for educational purpose in the Department of Anatomy, AIIMS, New Delhi, India...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286398/-bone-mapping-sketching-in-management-of-anterior-table-frontal-sinus-fracture
#10
Anshul Rai, Adesh Shrivastava, Manal M Khan
PURPOSE: The aim of this present article was to know the efficacy of bone mapping/sketching in management of anterior table frontal sinus fracture. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This prospective clinical study includes 10 patients who reported to department of dentistry, AIIMS Bhopal with anterior table frontal sinus fracture. Sterile plain white paper or a glove cover was used for mapping/sketching. The patients were evaluated for post-operative contour of the fractured frontal sinus defect and any mucocele formation...
March 2017: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166914/role-of-anti-tubercular-treatment-for-positive-endometrial-aspirate-dna-pcr-reproductive-outcome-in-infertile-patients-in-indian-setting-a-randomized-trial
#11
A Kriplani, A Bahadur, V Kulshrestha, N Agarwal, S Singh, U B Singh
AIMS: The aim of the study was to determine the effect of anti-tubercular therapy (ATT) versus no ATT on reproductive outcome in patients with positive endometrial aspirate DNA-PCR for tuberculosis. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology in collaboration with the Department of Microbiology at the All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India. METHODS AND MATERIALS: This prospective randomized study was conducted on 100 women in the reproductive age group with primary or secondary infertility, attending the Gynecology OPD at AIIMS...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157600/development-and-validation-of-aiims-modified-inclen-diagnostic-instrument-for-epilepsy-in-children-aged-1-month-18-years
#12
Sheffali Gulati, Harsh Patel, Biswaroop Chakrabarty, Rachana Dubey, N K Arora, R M Pandey, V K Paul, Konanki Ramesh, Vyshakh Anand, Ankit Meena
OBJECTIVES: There is shortage of specialists for the diagnosis of children with epilepsy, especially in resource limited settings. Existing INCLEN (International Clinical Epidemiology Network) instrument was validated for children aged 2-9 years. The current study validated modifications of the same including wider symptomatology and age group. METHODS: The Modified INCLEN tool was validated by a team of experts by modifying the existing tools (2-9 years) to widen the age range from 1 month to 18 years and include broader symptomatology in a tertiary care teaching hospital of North India between January and June 2015...
February 2017: Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156586/the-effectiveness-of-nutritional-sensitive-approach-to-restore-physical-activity-in-cachexic-female-palliative-patients-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
(no author information available yet)
258 Background: Loss of lean body mass, body fat along with inflammation characterizes cachexia in patients with cancer. Nutrition intervention with counseling may ameliorate undernutrition and metabolic alterations. The aim of this study was to improve nutritional status and quality of life by providing nutrients dense natural food (IAtta) along with counseling. METHODS: Female patients with cancerwith symptoms of cachexia were randomly distributed into placebo (n = 75) and intervention group (n = 75)...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915320/retinopathy-of-prematurity-aiims-new-delhi-experience
#14
REVIEW
Sindhu Sivanandan, Parijat Chandra, Ashok K Deorari, Ramesh Agarwal
Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a leading cause of potentially avoidable childhood blindness worldwide. With improvement in neonatal care, more preterm infants are surviving with a resultant increase in the number of ROP cases. In low-middle income countries, the disease epidemiology is characterized by the occurrence of ROP at higher birthweight in premature babies with greater severity at presentation. In this article, we describe the ROP screening and management program at the All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), New Delhi that has evolved over last three decades...
November 7, 2016: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867887/cross-sectional-study-of-nutritional-markers-in-pregnancy
#15
Subhadra Sharma, Jai Bhagwan Sharma, Manisha Yadav, B R Usha, Sunesh Kumar, A K Mukhopadhyay
OBJECTIVES: To note the value of serum Vitamin B12, folic acid, and ferritin in normal and high-risk pregnancies (HRPs) in patients attending antenatal clinic at All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study where a total of 282 patients attending Gynaecology Outpatient Department at AIIMS, New Delhi, India were recruited. Among the 282 subjects, 251 were pregnant, and 31 were controls. The serum was tested for serum Vitamin B12, serum folic acid, and serum ferritin levels using Beckman Coulter Access 2 immunoassay...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845481/unilateral-variation-in-extensor-digitorum-longus-muscle
#16
A Banerje, S Singh, K Raza, N Rani, S Kaler
During a routine dissection of an adult embalmed male cadaver for educational purpose in the department of anatomy at AIIMS, New Delhi, India, a rare unilateral variation of extensor digitorum longus (EDL) was found which is a muscle of anterior compartment of the leg. There was a split tendon of EDL muscle in the anterior compartment of left leg which became a common tendon in front of the ankle joint. This common tendon of EDL muscle again divided into four slips and were inserted in to the lateral four toes...
September 2016: La Clinica Terapeutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809807/nosocomial-infection-of-cchf-among-health-care-workers-in-rajasthan-india
#17
Pragya D Yadav, Deepak Y Patil, Anita M Shete, Prasad Kokate, Pulkit Goyal, Santosh Jadhav, Sanjeev Sinha, Divya Zawar, Surendra K Sharma, Arti Kapil, D K Sharma, Kamlesh J Upadhyay, Devendra T Mourya
BACKGROUND: Ever since Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever [CCHF] discovered in India, several outbreaks of this disease have been recorded in Gujarat State, India. During the year 2011 to 2015 several districts of Gujarat and Rajasthan state (Sirohi) found to be affected with CCHF including the positivity among ticks and livestock. During these years many infected individuals succumbed to this disease; which subsequently led to nosocomial infections. Herein, we report CCHF cases recorded from Rajasthan state during January 2015...
November 3, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27643887/neutralization-resistant-hiv-1-primary-isolates-from-antiretroviral-na%C3%A3-ve-chronically-infected-children-in-india
#18
Muzamil Ashraf Makhdoomi, Deepti Singh, Ambili Nair Pananghat, Rakesh Lodha, Sushil Kumar Kabra, Kalpana Luthra
Anti-HIV-1 broadly neutralizing antibodies (bnAbs) have been extensively tested against pesudoviruses of diverse strains. We generated and characterized HIV-1 primary isolates from antiretroviral naïve infected Indian children, and determined their susceptibility to known NAbs. All the 8 isolates belonged to subtype-C and were R5 tropic. Majority of these viruses were resistant to neutralization by NAbs, suggesting that the bnAbs, known to efficiently neutralize pseudoviruses (adult and pediatric) of different strains, are less effective against pediatric primary isolates...
December 2016: Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27563586/experience-of-delphi-technique-in-the-process-of-establishing-consensus-on-core-competencies
#19
Pankaja Ravi Raghav, Dewesh Kumar, Pankaj Bhardwaj
INTRODUCTION: The Department of Community Medicine and Family Medicine (CMFM) has been started as a new model for imparting the components of family medicine and delivering health-care services at primary and secondary levels in all six newly established All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), but there is no competency-based curriculum for it. The paper aims to share the experience of Delphi method in the process of developing consensus on core competencies of the new model of CMFM in AIIMS for undergraduate medical students in India...
July 2016: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27507421/isolation-and-genotyping-of-acanthamoeba-spp-from-acanthamoeba-meningitis-meningoencephalitis-ame-patients-in-india
#20
Himanshu Sekhar Behera, Gita Satpathy, Manjari Tripathi
BACKGROUND: Acanthamoeba spp. are free-living ubiquitous protozoans capable of causing Acanthamoeba meningitis/meningoencephalitis (AME) of the central nervous system in humans. Acanthamoeba spp. are divided into 20 different genotypes (T1-T20) on the basis of variation in nucleotide sequences of the 18S rRNA gene. The objective of this study was to identify the genotypes of Acanthamoeba spp. in patients of Acanthamoeba meningitis/meningoencephalitis (AME) using 18S rRNA gene-based PCR assay...
2016: Parasites & Vectors
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