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Occupational health sleep apnea

Vladimira Timkova, Iveta Nagyova, Sijmen A Reijneveld, Ruzena Tkacova, Jitse P van Dijk, Ute Bültmann
PURPOSE: To examine whether Obstructive Sleep Apnoea severity, sleep-related problems, and anxiety are associated with work functioning in Obstructive Sleep Apnoea patients, when controlled for age, gender and type of occupation. To investigate whether anxiety moderates the associations between sleep-related problems and work functioning. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We included 105 Obstructive Sleep Apnoea patients (70% male; mean age 46.62 ± 9.79 years). All patients completed the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, the Epworth Sleepiness Scale, the Beck Anxiety Inventory, and the Work Role Functioning Questionnaire-2...
April 17, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
Carly Eckert, Torie Baker, Debra Cherry
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to evaluate chronic health risks before and during the fishing season in a sample of commercial fishermen, addressing the NIOSH priority of Total Worker HealthTM . METHODS: Gillnet license holders in Cordova, Alaska (n = 607) were contacted to participate in a preseason survey (March 2015) assessing health behaviors. A mid-season survey (July 2015) was also conducted. Physical exams and additional assessments were performed on a subset of these fishermen...
2018: Journal of Agromedicine
Abhishek Dubey, Darshan K Bajaj, Apurva Mishra, Balendra Pratap Singh, Vinay Gupta, Surya Kant, Swati Dixit
OBJECTIVES: To determine the risk of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) for male permanent driving license (DL) applicants of Lucknow, India. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional community based, study body mass index, waist-hip ratio, blood pressure of each subject were determined as an anthropometric parameter along with the history of habit of smoking, tobacco chewing, alcohol consumption. STOP-Bang (Snoring, Tired or sleepy, Observed apnea, high blood Pressure, Body mass index, Age, Neck, Gender) Questionnaire - a scoring risk assessment tool - was applied for assessment of OSA risk (high OSA risk defined by score ≥ 3) for 542 male DL recipients at 2 Regional Transport Office (RTO) centers in Lucknow, India...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
Giovanni Costa
Commission Directive 2104/85/EU on driving licenses highlighted significant issues related to the Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome (OSAS). Due to the high incidence of this syndrome in the general population, it is important to precisely assess its impact on work and driving performance, in terms of employee and third-party safety, general health and related social costs (errors, accidents, absenteeism, presenteism, treatments). As occupational health physicians regularly check the workers in the age group in which the incidence of OSAS is higher, they are called upon to play a strategic role in the early detection of the disease and the prescription of an appropriate therapy, as well as in monitoring the treatment effectiveness in order to assess fitness to work and/or drive...
August 28, 2017: La Medicina del Lavoro
Giovanni Costa, Michele De Benedetto
Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome (OSAS) is one of the most common causes of excessive daytime sleepiness, therefore an important determinant of road and work accidents, as well as being associated with multiple chronic-degenerative diseases. The recent transposition of the European Commission Directive 2014/85/EU on driver licensing highlighted the need to tackle the problem appropriately, not only for its high prevalence in the general population, but also for its significant impact on occupational safety and health, and related social costs...
August 28, 2017: La Medicina del Lavoro
Martin B Popević, Andjela Milovanović, Ljudmila Nagorni-Obradović, Dejan Nešić, Jovica Milovanović, Aleksandar P S Milovanović
OBJECTIVES: The main aim has been to examine psychometric properties of STOP-Bang (snoring, tiredness, observed apnea, high blood pressure, body mass index (BMI), age, neck circumference, male gender) scoring model (Serbian translation), an obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) screening tool, in a sample of commercial drivers. MATERIAL AND METHODS: After formal translation, validation was performed on a sample of bus and truck drivers evaluating test-retest reliability, construct and criterion validity...
July 14, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
Sylvia R Judd
Sleep is an active process; the body undergoes restoration and regeneration. Adequate sleep is essential to health and cognitive function. Sleep is critical for cell repair, a healthy immune system, and hormonal regulation, and aids in the process of learning, memory, and emotion. Inadequate sleep can lead to multiple chronic health and mental conditions over time. The occupational health nurse can be instrumental in screening for two of the most common sleep disorders, insomnia and obstructive sleep apnea, by asking workers key questions and using simple screening tools...
May 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
Sonu Sahni, Ankoor Talwar, Sameer Khanijo, Arunabh Talwar
Socioeconomic status (SES) is defined as an individual's social or economic standing, and is a measure of an individual's or family's social or economic position or rank in a social group. It is a composite of several measures including income, education, occupation, location of residence or housing. Studies have found a lower SES has been linked to disproportionate access to health care in many diseases. There is emerging data in pulmonary diseases such as COPD, asthma, cystic fibrosis, pulmonary hypertension and other chronic respiratory conditions that allude to a similar observation noted in other chronic diseases...
2017: Advances in Respiratory Medicine
G Cadelis, O E Fayad Y Monteagudo
BACKGROUND: Few data exist on the prevalence of symptoms and risk of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) among professionals of a health facility, or they often work in shift schedule and night. Under these conditions, an undetected OSAS may affect alertness and attention in professional acts. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence and risk factors of OSAS among professionals of a health facility. METHODS: It is a descriptive cross-sectional study conducted among 773 participants working at the university hospital of Pointe-à-Pitre and volunteers to answer the Berlin questionnaire...
December 2016: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
M S Buniatyan, N V Belozerova, O Yu At'kov
The article covers prevalence of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome, its role in health disorders of workers engaged into railway safety. The authors analyzed present standards of occupational fitness in workers performing critically important operating activities and methods of occupational selection with possible obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. I stage recommendations are suggested in diagnosis of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome in workers engaged into railway safety. Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome appeared to threaten operators' activity, to cause accidents, to early disablement due to life-threatening complications, to unsuitability for the occupation due to diseases connected with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (arterial hypertension, diabetes mellitus, metabolic syndrome, cardiac rhythm and conductivity disorders, obesity)...
2016: Meditsina Truda i Promyshlennaia Ekologiia
Zoltán Szakács, Ágnes Ádám, János Kristóf Annus, Dalma Csatlós, Andrea László, László Kalabay, Péter Torzsa
Obstructive sleep apnea is the most frequent sleep-disordered breathing. The prevalence of sleep apnea in the general population is 2-4% and the main characteristics of the disease are the intermittent cessation or substantial reduction of airflow during sleep, which is caused by complete, or near complete upper airway obstruction. Decreased airflow is followed by oxygen desaturation and intermittent arousals. Untreated patients are 4-6 times more likely to cause traffic accidents than their healthy counterparts...
June 5, 2016: Orvosi Hetilap
Loretta J Colvin, Gayla A Dace, Ryan M Colvin, Joseph Ojile, Nancy Collop
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To assess positive airway pressure (PAP) therapy adherence in commercial motor vehicle (CMV) drivers presenting to a sleep center. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of 120 drivers evaluated for obstructive sleep apnea OSA and 53 initiated on PAP therapy in a single sleep center over a one-year period (2012); PAP therapy data were collected up to 1 year. RESULTS: Early PAP usage best predicted adherence up to 1 year (p < 0...
April 15, 2016: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
Martica H Hall, Christopher E Kline, Sara Nowakowski
Sleep disturbance is common during the menopausal transition, with numerous downstream consequences to health and functioning, including reduced quality of life, impaired mental health, and increased physical health morbidity. Insomnia affects approximately 50% of midlife women and is characterized by nocturnal symptoms of difficulties initiating or maintaining sleep (or both) and daytime symptoms that impair occupational, social, or other components of functioning. In addition, approximately 20% of midlife women develop sleep-disordered breathing during the menopausal transition...
2015: F1000Prime Reports
Sutapa Mukherjee, Sanjay R Patel, Stefanos N Kales, Najib T Ayas, Kingman P Strohl, David Gozal, Atul Malhotra
RATIONALE: Despite substantial public interest, few recommendations on the promotion of good sleep health exist to educate health care providers and the general public on the importance of sleep for overall health. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this American Thoracic Society (ATS) statement is to provide a review of the current scientific literature to assist health care providers, especially pulmonologists and sleep physicians, in making recommendations to patients and the general public about the importance of achieving good quality and adequate quantity of sleep...
June 15, 2015: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
Bernabé Jurádo-Gámez, Ottavia Guglielmi, Francisco Gude-Sampedro, Gualberto Buela-Casal
PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to assess the effect of continuous positive airflow pressure (CPAP) therapy on burnout symptoms and job productivity, stress, and satisfaction in patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. METHODS: The sample was composed of 55 patients (mean age 48.5 ± 8.9, BMI 31.1 ± 5.7, AIH 56.8 ± 22.1), diagnosed with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) using polysomnography (PSG) with a therapeutic indication of CPAP...
December 2015: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
Carlos Javier Egea Santaolalla, Felix del Campo Matias
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2015: Archivos de Bronconeumología
Laura K Barger, Shantha M W Rajaratnam, Wei Wang, Conor S O'Brien, Jason P Sullivan, Salim Qadri, Steven W Lockley, Charles A Czeisler
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Heart attacks and motor vehicle crashes are the leading causes of death in US firefighters. Given that sleep disorders are an independent risk factor for both of these, we examined the prevalence of common sleep disorders in a national sample of firefighters and their association with adverse health and safety outcomes. METHODS: Firefighters (n = 6,933) from 66 US fire departments were assessed for common sleep disorders using validated screening tools, as available...
March 15, 2015: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
Maria De Lourdes Rabelo Guimarães, Ana Paula Hermont
BACKGROUND: Dental practitioners have a key role in the quality of life and prevention of occupational accidents of workers with Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome (OSAS). AIM: The aim of this study was to review the impact of OSAS, the Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) therapy, and the evidence regarding the use of oral appliances (OA) on the health and safety of workers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Searches were conducted in MEDLINE (PubMed), Lilacs and Sci ELO...
May 2014: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Viral Doshi, Nang Kham, Shreedhar Kulkarni, Kent Kapitan
Obstructive Airway Disease CasesSESSION TYPE: Affiliate Case Report SlidePRESENTED ON: Sunday, October 26, 2014 at 03:15 PM - 04:15 PMINTRODUCTION: Freon 12B2 is widely used as a refrigerant, solvent and in aerosol applications. Accidental or intentional inhalation of Freon can lead to severe adverse outcomes in humans like transient confusion, cardiac arrhythmia and asphyxia. We report a rare case of reactive airway dysfunction syndrome secondary to Freon inhalation.CASE PRESENTATION: A 60-year-old male with a past medical history of diabetes, morbid obesity, Obstructive sleep apnea was referred to pulmonary clinic for evaluation of shortness of breath...
October 1, 2014: Chest
Bernabé Jurado-Gámez, Ottavia Guglielmi, Francisco Gude, Gualberto Buela-Casal
INTRODUCTION: Obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) has health-related outcomes, but the impact of OSAHS on occupational health has been scarcely studied. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of OSAHS on workplace accidents, absenteeism and productivity. METHOD: One hundred eighty-two OSAHS patients and 71 healthy subjects completed the Epworth Sleepiness Scale, the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index and the Spanish IMPALA (Impact of Disease on Work Productivity) index and answered various questions on workplace accidents and sick leave...
May 2015: Archivos de Bronconeumología
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