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capillary leak syndrome

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625165/transpulmonary-thermodilution-advantages-and-limits
#1
REVIEW
Xavier Monnet, Jean-Louis Teboul
BACKGROUND: For complex patients in the intensive care unit or in the operating room, many questions regarding their haemodynamic management cannot be answered with simple clinical examination. In particular, arterial pressure allows only a rough estimation of cardiac output. Transpulmonary thermodilution is a technique that provides a full haemodynamic assessment through cardiac output and other indices. MAIN BODY: Through the analysis of the thermodilution curve recorded at the tip of an arterial catheter after the injection of a cold bolus in the venous circulation, transpulmonary thermodilution intermittently measures cardiac output...
June 19, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622216/the-clinical-picture-of-severe-systemic-capillary-leak-syndrome-episodes-requiring-icu-admission
#2
Marc Pineton de Chambrun, Charles-Edouard Luyt, François Beloncle, Marie Gousseff, Wladimir Mauhin, Laurent Argaud, Stanislas Ledochowski, Anne-Sophie Moreau, Romain Sonneville, Bruno Verdière, Sybille Merceron, Nathalie Zappella, Mickael Landais, Damien Contou, Alexandre Demoule, Sylvie Paulus, Bertrand Souweine, Bernard Lecomte, Antoine Vieillard-Baron, Nicolas Terzi, Elie Azoulay, Raymond Friolet, Marc Puidupin, Jérôme Devaquet, Jean-Marc Mazou, Yannick Fedun, Jean-Paul Mira, Jean-Herlé Raphalen, Alain Combes, Zahir Amoura
OBJECTIVE: Systemic capillary-leak syndrome is a very rare cause of recurrent hypovolemic shock. Few data are available on its clinical manifestations, laboratory findings, and outcomes of those patients requiring ICU admission. This study was undertaken to describe the clinical pictures and ICU management of severe systemic capillary-leak syndrome episodes. DESIGN, SETTING, PATIENTS: This multicenter retrospective analysis concerned patients entered in the European Clarkson's disease (EurêClark) Registry and admitted to ICUs between May 1992 and February 2016...
July 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602874/intravenous-immunoglobulins-improve-survival-in-monoclonal-gammopathy-associated-systemic-capillary-leak-syndrome
#3
Marc Pineton de Chambrun, Marie Gousseff, Wladimir Mauhin, Jean-Christophe Lega, Marc Lambert, Sophie Rivière, Antoine Dossier, Marc Ruivard, François Lhote, Gilles Blaison, Laurent Alric, Christian Agard, David Saadoun, Julie Graveleau, Martin Soubrier, Marie-Josée Lucchini-Lecomte, Christine Christides, Annick Bosseray, Hervé Levesque, Jean-François Viallard, Nathalie Tieulie, Pierre-Yves Lovey, Sylvie Le Moal, Béatrice Bibes, Giuseppe Malizia, Pierre Abgueguen, François Lifermann, Jacques Ninet, Pierre-Yves Hatron, Zahir Amoura
BACKGROUND: Monoclonal gammopathy-associated systemic capillary-leak syndrome, also known as Clarkson disease, is a rare condition characterized by recurrent life-threatening episodes of capillary hyper-permeability in the context of a monoclonal gammopathy. This study was conducted to better describe the clinical characteristics, natural history, and long-term outcome of monoclonal gammopathy-associated systemic capillary-leak syndrome. METHODS: We conducted a cohort analysis of all patients included in the European Clarkson disease (EurêClark) registry between January 1997 and March 2016...
June 8, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478881/abdominal-compartment-syndrome-as-a-complication-of-fluid-resuscitation
#4
REVIEW
Bradley R Harrell, Sarah Miller
Fluid resuscitation is a primary concern of nurse clinicians. Excessive resuscitation with crystalloids places patients at particular risk for many subsequent complications that carry associated increases in mortality and morbidity. Intra-abdominal hypertension and abdominal compartment syndrome are deadly complications of third spacing and capillary leak that occur secondary to excessive fluid resuscitation. Careful consideration is necessary when achieving fluid balance in acutely ill patients, including reducing the use of crystalloids, implementing damage control resuscitation, and establishing measurable resuscitation endpoints...
June 2017: Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431445/-near-drowning-with-good-outcome-after-ecmo-therapy-and-therapeutic-hypothermia-despite-20-minutes-of-anoxia-and-16-hours-of-hypoxia
#5
Peter Stachon, Johannes Kalbhenn, Stephan Walterspacher, Christoph Bode, Dawid Staudacher
Introduction Drowning with submersion over 10 minutes is associated with a high mortality. Here, we present a case, in which a good neurological outcome was achieved after interdisciplinary, intensive care therapy despite submersion of 20 minutes followed by 16 hours of hypoxia. History A 19 year old man drowned in fresh-water. After 20 minutes submersion he was localized and salvaged from 8 meters depth and primarily resuscitated successfully after 10 minutes. Within the next hour, there condition worsened by respiratory deterioration due to a massive capillary leak syndrome in addition to a disseminated intravascular coagulation...
April 2017: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377172/mimicker-of-hereditary-angioedema-idiopathic-systemic-capillary-leak-syndrome-successfully-treated-with-intravenous-immunoglobulin
#6
Xiao Chloe Wan, Andrew Lai, Tejaswi Kompala, Rosa Ten
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321811/interleukin-2-old-and-new-approaches-to-enhance-immune-therapeutic-efficacy
#7
Pooja Dhupkar, Nancy Gordon
Interleukin-2 (IL-2) is a very well-known cytokine that has been studied for the past 35 years. It plays a major role in the growth and proliferation of many immune cells such NK and T cells. It is an important immunotherapy cytokine for the treatment of various diseases including cancer. Systemic delivery of IL-2 has shown clinical benefit in renal cell carcinoma and melanoma patients. However, its use has been limited by the numerous toxicities encountered with the systemic delivery. Intravenous IL-2 causes the well-known "capillary leak syndrome," or the leakage of fluid from the circulatory system to the interstitial space resulting in hypotension (low blood pressure), edema, and dyspnea that can lead to circulatory shock and eventually cardiopulmonary collapse and multiple organ failure...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318633/capillary-leak-syndrome-etiologies-pathophysiology-and-management
#8
REVIEW
Eric Siddall, Minesh Khatri, Jai Radhakrishnan
In various human diseases, an increase in capillary permeability to proteins leads to the loss of protein-rich fluid from the intravascular to the interstitial space. Although sepsis is the disease most commonly associated with this phenomenon, many other diseases can lead to a "sepsis-like" syndrome with manifestations of diffuse pitting edema, exudative serous cavity effusions, noncardiogenic pulmonary edema, hypotension, and, in some cases, hypovolemic shock with multiple-organ failure. The term capillary leak syndrome has been used to describe this constellation of disease manifestations associated with an increased capillary permeability to proteins...
July 2017: Kidney International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238385/distributive-shock-in-the-emergency-department-sepsis-anaphylaxis-or-capillary-leak-syndrome
#9
Cansu Alyeşil, Nurettin Özgür Doğan, İbrahim Ulaş Özturan, Seda Güney
BACKGROUND: Distributive shock is a hyperdynamic process resulting from excessive vasodilatation. Impaired blood flow causes inadequate tissue perfusion, which can lead to end-organ damage. Although the most common etiology is septic shock, anaphylactic and other etiologies should be considered. CASE REPORT: We report the case of a 30-year-old female who presented to the emergency department with nonspecific symptoms and hypotension after a viral upper respiratory infection...
February 18, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221727/docetaxel-bevacizumab-and-gemcitabine-for-very-high-risk-sarcomas-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-a-single-center-experience
#10
Christopher Kuo, Paul M Kent, Antonio D Logan, Karen B Tamulonis, Kristen L Dalton, Marta Batus, Karen Fernandez, Rebecca E Mcfall
BACKGROUND: Adolescent and young adult (AYA) patients with very high risk sarcomas have poor outcomes and are in need of novel therapies. PROCEDURE: From January 2005 to February 2016, we retrospectively identified all AYA patients with relapsed or metastatic high-grade sarcomas, who were treated with at least one cycle of docetaxel (T), bevacizumab (A), and gemcitabine (G) (TAG ; T = 100 mg/m(2) Day 8, A = 15 mg/kg Day 1, G = 1,000 mg/m(2) Days 1 and 8). RESULTS: Fourteen patients, median age of 20 (15-30), received a total of 80 cycles of TAG, and were followed for a median of 83 months...
April 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182327/microangiopathic-hemolytic-anemia-due-to-adamts-13-loss-in-idiopathic-systemic-capillary-leak-syndrome-reply
#11
LETTER
D C Moreira, J Di Paola
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis: JTH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151501/-angioedema-and-the-role-of-bradykinins-new-treatments-and-implications-in-patients-with-heart-failure
#12
Marta Mansi, Maddalena Alessandra Wu, Andrea Zanichelli, Marco Cicardi
The definition of angioedema is an edema of subcutaneous and submucosal tissues due to increased vascular permeability and fluid extravasation. It can affect different areas, including extremities, genitals, upper airways and intestinal mucosa. The symptoms are disabling and this condition can be fatal if it involves the larynx. We can distinguish different forms of angioedema (hereditary and acquired) with different pathogenetic mechanisms, therefore responding to different treatments. Bradykinin-mediated angioedema (such as hereditary angioedema due to C1-inhibitor deficiency) does not respond to the standard therapy used for histamine-mediated angioedema...
December 2016: Giornale Italiano di Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122158/microangiopathic-hemolytic-anemia-due-to-adamts-13-loss-in-idiopathic-systemic-capillary-leak-syndrome-comment
#13
LETTER
J Thachil
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis: JTH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018896/factors-influencing-neurodevelopment-after-cardiac-surgery-during-infancy
#14
REVIEW
Hedwig Hubertine Hövels-Gürich
Short- and long-term neurodevelopmental (ND) disabilities with negative impact on psychosocial and academic performance, quality of life, and independence in adulthood are known to be the most common sequelae for surviving children after surgery for congenital heart disease (CHD). This article reviews influences and risk factors for ND impairment. For a long time, the search for independent risk factors was focused on the perioperative period and modalities of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). CPB operations to ensure intraoperative vital organ perfusion and oxygen supply with or without circulatory arrest or regional cerebral perfusion bear specific risks...
2016: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012935/idiopathic-systemic-capillary-leak-syndrome-clarkson-disease
#15
Kirk M Druey, Samir M Parikh
In 1960, Dr Bayard Clarkson described a woman experiencing sporadic recurrent episodes of shock and anasarca. Plasma from an acute attack induced a shock-like syndrome when injected into rats. The enigmatic systemic capillary leak syndrome (SCLS) named for Dr Clarkson is characterized by transient and severe but reversible hemoconcentration and hypoalbuminemia caused by leakage of fluids and macromolecules into tissues. Although less than 500 cases of SCLS have been reported in the literature since 1960, the condition is probably underdiagnosed because of a lack of awareness and a high mortality without treatment...
December 22, 2016: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003676/a-case-of-refractory-systemic-capillary-leak-syndrome-clarkson-s-disease-during-pregnancy
#16
Yukiko Hikasa, Masao Hayashi, Satoshi Suzuki, Hiroshi Morimatsu
A 32-year-old woman, pregnant with twins, presented with a chief complaint of general fatigue. Her general condition had rapidly deteriorated since her last visit to the primary obstetrician; the patient was then referred to our hospital because of suspected fetal death. She underwent emergency cesarean section because fetal death had indeed occurred, and she was then admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU). On ICU admission, she was found to be in shock. Laboratory analysis revealed extreme hemoconcentration and a low albumin level, and initially, septic shock with obstetric complications was suspected...
December 2016: Acta Medica Okayama
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994532/severe-hypoxemia-in-a-healthy-donor-for-allogeneic-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-after-only-the-first-administration-of-granulocyte-colony-stimulating-factor
#17
Keita Yamamoto, Noriko Doki, Yasushi Senoo, Yuho Najima, Takeshi Kobayashi, Kazuhiko Kakihana, Kyoko Haraguchi, Yoshiki Okuyama, Hisashi Sakamaki, Kazuteru Ohashi
BACKGROUND: Granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) is widely used to mobilize peripheral blood stem cells (PBSCs) in healthy donors. A few reports have shown that some healthy donors developed acute respiratory distress syndrome or capillary leak syndrome after more than several rounds of G-CSF administration or leukapheresis. CASE REPORT: We report the case of a healthy donor for allogeneic stem cell transplantation who developed severe hypoxemia 1 h after only the first administration of G-CSF...
November 2016: Transfusion Medicine and Hemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913530/cytokine-release-syndrome-with-novel-therapeutics-for-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia
#18
REVIEW
Noelle V Frey, David L Porter
T-cell-engaging immunotherapies are exciting new approaches to treat patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). These unique agents, which include blinatumomab, a CD3/CD19 bispecific antibody, and chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) modified T cells targeted to CD19 have shown unprecedented remission rates in the relapsed, refractory ALL setting. Cytokine release syndrome (CRS), resulting from the high magnitude of immune activation by these therapies, is the most significant treatment-related toxicity. CRS manifests with fever and malaise and can progress to life-threatening capillary leak with hypoxia and hypotension...
December 2, 2016: Hematology—the Education Program of the American Society of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806970/snake-bite-mortality-in-children-beyond-bite-to-needle-time
#19
M P Jayakrishnan, M G Geeta, P Krishnakumar, T V Rajesh, Biju George
OBJECTIVE: To study the clinical characteristics and predictors of mortality from snake bite envenomation in children. DESIGN: Prospective observational study with a one-group cohort design. SETTING: Paediatric intensive care unit of a tertiary care hospital in South India. SUBJECTS: The study cohort consisted of 145 children (55 girls and 90 boys) <12 years of age with snake bite envenomation. METHODS: Demographic and clinical details were recorded in a semistructured pro forma...
May 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734564/epidemiology-risk-factors-and-prognosis-of-capillary-leak-syndrome-in-pediatric-recipients-of-stem-cell-transplants-a-retrospective-single-center-cohort-study
#20
Giovanna Lucchini, Andre Manfred Willasch, Julia Daniel, Jan Soerensen, Andrea Jarisch, Shahrzad Bakhtiar, Eva Rettinger, Joerg Brandt, Thomas Klingebiel, Peter Bader
CLS involves sudden loss of intravascular fluids into the interstitial spaces. CLS was described as a possible complication after SCT. Few studies report the incidence of CLS in pediatric populations. We aimed to assess CLS incidence, its risk factors, and impact on the survival. The clinical charts of patients <18 years of age transplanted at our institution between 2002 and 2012 were reviewed. CLS was defined by weight gain >3% in 24 hours and positive intake balance despite furosemide administration...
December 2016: Pediatric Transplantation
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