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Sentinel lymph node in cervical cancer

Bjørn Hagen, Marit Valla, Guro Aune, Merethe Ravlo, Anne Britt Abusland, Elisabeth Araya, Marit Sundset, Solveig Tingulstad
OBJECTIVE: A sentinel lymph node (SLN) strategy may have particular value in endometrial cancer (EC) because a therapeutic effect of lymphadenectomy per se is unproven. The aim was to evaluate indocyanine green (ICG) and near-infrared (NIR) fluorescence mapping using a surgical algorithm. METHODS: From November 2012 through December 2015, women with apparently early stage EC underwent robot-assisted laparoscopic hysterectomy including ICG fluorescence SLN mapping following the Memorial Sloane Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC) surgical algorithm...
October 21, 2016: Gynecologic Oncology
S F Lax, K F Tamussino, P F Lang
Malignancies of the uterus metastasize by direct invasion of neighboring structures, lymphatically or hematogenously. Endometrial and cervical cancers lymphatically spread to the pelvic and para-aortic lymph nodes. For endometrial cancer the depth of myometrial invasion, lymphosvascular space involvement (LVSI) and a microcystic, elongated and fragmented (MELF) glandular invasion pattern are predictors for lymph node metastases. Metastases to the pelvic lymph nodes occur in approximately 10 % of endometrial cancer patients and in 30 % of these cases the para-aortic lymph nodes are also involved...
October 18, 2016: Der Pathologe
Anabela Rocha, Ana Maria Domínguez, Fabrice Lécuru, Nicolas Bourdel
OBJECTIVE: Sentinel lymph node (SLN) mapping for endometrial (EC) and cervical cancers (CC) is a current technique that could provide benefits over traditional lymphadenectomy. Near-infrared (NIR) fluorescence imaging is a promising technique to perform this procedure. We conducted a systematic review of the evidence regarding the technique and the effectiveness of indocyanine green (ICG) during SLN biopsy, using robotic and laparoscopic assisted surgery and laparotomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a computer literature search for published English language studies in humans using PubMed since January 2010 up to May 2015...
September 30, 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
Genevieve K Lennox, Allan Covens
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate recurrence-free survival (RFS) and short-term morbidity in patients with early cervical cancer who undergo bilateral pelvic lymphadenectomy (BPLND) versus bilateral sentinel lymph node biopsy only (BSLNB) at primary surgery. METHODS: All patients with pathologically confirmed node negative stage IA/IB cervical cancer managed with BPLND or BSLNB were identified in the University of Toronto's prospective cervical cancer database from May 1984-June 2015...
October 11, 2016: Gynecologic Oncology
Angela Collarino, Sergi Vidal-Sicart, Germano Perotti, Renato A Valdés Olmos
This review discusses the state-of-the-art of sentinel lymph node mapping in gynaecological malignancies, including cervical cancer, endometrial cancer, and vulvar cancer, with an emphasis on new technological advances. For this objective, PubMed/MEDLINE was searched for relevant studies about the sentinel lymph node procedure in gynaecology. In particular, the use of preoperative lymphatic mapping with lymphoscintigraphy and single photon emission tomography/computed tomography (SPECT/CT) was identified in 18 studies...
2016: Clinical and Translational Imaging: Reviews in Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
Alessandro Buda, Paolo Passoni, Giacomo Corrado, Beatrice Bussi, Giuseppe Cutillo, Sonia Magni, Enrico Vizza
Sentinel lymph node (SLN) mapping has increased its feasibility in both early stage cervical and endometrial cancer. There are few SLN studies regarding the ovary, because of the risk of tumor dissemination and perhaps because the ovary represents an inconvenient site for injection. In this preliminary study, we have shown the feasibility of SLN mapping of the ovary with Indocyanine green (ICG) during laparoscopic retroperitoneal aortic surgical staging. The ten women who were included in this study underwent aortic with pelvic laparoscopic staging, which included SLN biopsy, extrafascial total hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy in case of ovarian tumor...
September 23, 2016: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
Jiri Slama, Daniela Fischerova, Michal Zikan, Roman Kocian, Anna Germanova, Filip Fruhauf, Ladislav Dusek, David Cibula
OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to compare the sensitivity of various methods and their combinations in the follow-up of patients with cervical cancer after fertility-sparing surgery (FSS). METHODS: Included were women with cervical cancer in stages IA2 to IB2 who underwent FSS, which includes pelvic lymphadenectomy, sentinel lymph node biopsy, abdominal radical trachelectomy, vaginal trachelectomy, or needle conization. Follow-up visits were scheduled at 3-month intervals and included symptom-oriented discussion, gynecological and physical examination, colposcopy, Papanicolaou test, human papillomavirus (HPV) DNA test, and ultrasound examination...
September 23, 2016: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
M Mayoral, P Paredes, B Domènech, P Fusté, S Vidal-Sicart, A Tapias, A Torné, J Pahisa, J Ordi, F Pons, F Lomeña
OBJECTIVE: Definitive staging for cervical (CC) and endometrial cancer (EC) takes place once surgery is performed. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of PET/CT in detecting lymphatic metastasis in patients with CC and EC using dual-time-point imaging (DPI), taking the histopathological results of sentinel lymph node (SLN) and lymphadenectomy as the reference. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A prospective study was conducted on 17 patients with early CC, and 13 patients with high-risk EC...
September 22, 2016: Revista Española de Medicina Nuclear e Imagen Molecular
Anna L Beavis, Sergio Salazar-Marioni, Abdulrahman K Sinno, Rebecca L Stone, Amanda N Fader, Antonio Santillan-Gomez, Edward J Tanner
OBJECTIVE: Our study objective was to determine feasibility and mapping rates using indocyanine green (ICG) for sentinel lymph node (SLN) mapping in early-stage cervical cancer. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of all women who underwent SLN mapping with ICG during primary surgical management of early-stage cervical cancer by robotic-assisted radical hysterectomy (RA-RH) or fertility-sparing surgery. Patients were treated at two high-volume centers from 10/2012 to 02/2016...
August 12, 2016: Gynecologic Oncology
Christhardt Köhler, Tariane Foiato, Simone Marnitz, Achim Schneider, Xin Le, Nasuh Utku Dogan, Tatiana Pfiffer, Anna Elena Jacob, Andrea Mölgg, Ingke Hagemann, Giovanni Favero
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To report the presence of tattoo ink affected pelvic lymph nodes in women with early cervical cancer and to discuss its potential oncological and surgical consequences. DESIGN CLASSIFICATION: Prospective observational study. SETTING: University Hospital in Hamburg, Germany. BACKGROUND: Skin tattoos on the feet, legs, and lower abdominal wall are progressively gaining popularity. Consequently, the number of tattooed women with cervical cancer has significantly increased in the last decade...
July 28, 2016: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
D Cibula, M Zikan, J Slama, D Fischerova, R Kocian, A Germanova, A Burgetova, L Dusek, P Dundr, M Gregova, K Nemejcova
OBJECTIVE: A high sensitivity of sentinel lymph nodes (SLN) for pelvic lymph node (LN) staging has been repeatedly shown in patients with cervical cancer. However, since only SLN are evaluated by pathologic ultrastaging, the risk of small metastases, including small macrometastases (MAC) and micrometastases (MIC), in non-SLN is unknown. This can be a critical limitation for the oncological safety of abandoning a pelvic lymphadenectomy. METHODS: The patients selected for the study had cervical cancer and were at high risk for LN positivity (stage IB-IIA, biggest diameter≥3cm)...
October 2016: Gynecologic Oncology
Jiri Slama, Andrej Cerny, Ladislav Dusek, Daniela Fischerova, Michal Zikan, Roman Kocian, Anna Germanova, David Cibula
OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to describe oncological and obstetrical outcomes in patients who underwent less radical fertility-sparing surgical (FSS) procedures with omitted parametrectomy for cervical cancer. METHODS: Included were women with cervical cancer stages IA2-IB2 who were under the age of 40 and desired future pregnancy. Patients underwent pelvic lymphadenectomy and sentinel lymph node biopsy. Node-negative cases underwent subsequent cervical surgery and were further analyzed...
September 2016: Gynecologic Oncology
Raquel Novas Cabrera, Carlos T Chone, Denise E Zantut-Wittmann, Patrcia S Matos, Daniel M Ferreira, Pablo S Pereira, Mariana P Ribeiro, Allan O Santos, Celso D Ramos, Agrício N Crespo, Elba C Etchebehere
IMPORTANCE: Single-photon emission computed tomography/computed tomography (SPECT/CT) and radioguided sentinel lymph node biopsy (rSLNB) are techniques that could potentially benefit surgeons and pathologists in the identification of sentinel lymph node (SLN) metastases in patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). Evidence suggests that these novel techniques lead to substantial changes in PTC management by reducing understaging and of occult lymph node (LN) metastases and optimizing neck surgery by increasing the necessity of lateral lymphadenectomy and decreasing central lymphadenectomy...
September 1, 2016: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
Andrea Papadia, Sara Imboden, Maria Luisa Gasparri, Franziska Siegenthaler, Anja Fink, Michael D Mueller
PURPOSE: The adoption of a sentinel lymph node (SLN) algorithm and the presence of high bilateral detection rates have been associated with increased accuracy of SLN mapping in cervical and endometrial cancer patients. In this context, the significance of the number of SLNs removed has not yet been investigated. The aim of this study was to evaluate (a) whether or not a higher SLN removal count is associated with a reduced false-negative rate and (b) which clinical factors correlate with the number of SLNs removed...
August 2016: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
Anna Fagotti, Luigi Pedone Anchora, Carmine Conte, Vito Chiantera, Enrico Vizza, Lucia Tortorella, Daniela Surico, Pierandrea De Iaco, Giacomo Corrado, Francesco Fanfani, Valerio Gallotta, Giovanni Scambia
Nowadays cervical cancer is frequently diagnosed at early stage. For these patients lymph node metastasis (LNM) is considered the most important prognostic factor. During the last decade many efforts have been made to reduce rate of complications associated with lymphadenectomy (LND). A great interest has arisen in sentinel lymph node (SLN) biopsy as a technique able to decrease number of LND performed and, at the same time, to assess lymph nodal status. High diagnostic performances have been reached thanks to SLN surgical algorithm...
August 2016: Cancer Medicine
Sheila Fraser, Nisar Zaidi, Olov Norlén, Anthony Glover, Schelto Kruijff, Mark Sywak, Leigh Delbridge, Stan B Sidhu
BACKGROUND: Papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) frequently disseminates into cervical lymph nodes. Lateral node involvement is described in up to 50 % patients undergoing prophylactic lateral neck dissection. This study aimed to assess this finding and identify which factors predict for occult lateral node disease. METHODS: Patients with fine needle aspiration-confirmed PTC (Bethesda V or VI), without evidence of cervical lymph node metastases, underwent a total thyroidectomy with prophylactic ipsilateral central and level 3 dissection...
October 2016: Annals of Surgical Oncology
Patrick Lorimer, Zvonimir Milas
Most cutaneous malignancies of the head and neck (HN) are non-melanoma skin cancers, predominantly basal cell carcinomas (BCCs) and squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs). Less common entities include Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC), sebaceous carcinoma (SC), and angiosarcoma. Treatment is based on histology subtype, stage, and extent of involvement. Surgery is the primary means of treatment and includes wide local excision, Mohs micrographic surgery, sentinel lymph node biopsy, and cervical lymphadenectomy. Multidisciplinary management including radiation and targeted chemotherapy are critical adjuncts to surgery...
June 2016: Seminars in Oncology
Ilary Ruscito, Maria Luisa Gasparri, Elena Ioana Braicu, Filippo Bellati, Luigi Raio, Jalid Sehouli, Michael D Mueller, Pierluigi Benedetti Panici, Andrea Papadia
BACKGROUND: Historically, blue dyes, (99)Tc or a combination of the two tracers have been used for sentinel lymph node (SLN) mapping in cervical and endometrial cancer patients. Indocyanine green (ICG), as a tracer, has been recently introduced in this setting. Our goal was to assess the differences in overall and bilateral detection rates as well as in false-negative rates among the different tracers. METHODS: The electronic databases PubMed, MEDLINE, and Scopus were searched in January 2016 by searching the terms "sentinel lymph node" and "dye" and "indocyanine green," and "cervical cancer" or "endometrial cancer...
October 2016: Annals of Surgical Oncology
Alessandro Buda, Andrea Papadia, Ignacio Zapardiel, Enrico Vizza, Fabio Ghezzi, Elena De Ponti, Andrea Alberto Lissoni, Sara Imboden, Maria Dolores Diestro, Debora Verri, Maria Luisa Gasparri, Beatrice Bussi, Giampaolo Di Martino, Begoña Diaz de la Noval, Michael Mueller, Cinzia Crivellaro
BACKGROUND: The credibility of sentinel lymph node (SLN) mapping is becoming increasingly more established in cervical cancer. We aimed to assess the sensitivity of SLN biopsy in terms of detection rate and bilateral mapping in women with cervical cancer by comparing technetium-99 radiocolloid (Tc-99(m)) and blue dye (BD) versus fluorescence mapping with indocyanine green (ICG). METHODS: Data of patients with cervical cancer stage 1A2 to 1B1 from 5 European institutions were retrospectively reviewed...
September 2016: Annals of Surgical Oncology
Alessandro Buda, Federica Elisei, Sharon Palazzi, Elena De Ponti, Maurizio Arosio, Francesca Vecchione, Tiziana Dell'Anna, Marco Cuzzocrea, Beatrice Bussi, Daniela Giuliani, Giampaolo Di Martino, Cinzia Crivellaro
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to assess the quality of care in patients who underwent sentinel lymph node (SLN) mapping for endometrial and cervical cancer staging, and evaluate the impact of different techniques on patient satisfaction, i.e. radiotracer Tc99m versus indocyanine green (ICG) or methylene blue injection. METHOD: Women with preoperative stage I endometrial cancer or stage I (1A2-1B1) cervical cancer who underwent surgical staging, including SLN mapping, were considered for this study...
September 2016: Annals of Surgical Oncology
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