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Jinlong Cui, Yongfu Cui, Shaohui Li, Hongliang Sun, Zhongsheng Wen, Juncai Sun
Micro-sized porous SiOx@C composites used as anode for lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) are synthesized from rice husks (RHs) through low-temperature (700 °C) aluminothermic reduction. The resulting SiOx@C composite shows mesoporous irregular particle morphology with a high specific surface area of 597.06 m2/g under the optimized reduction time. This porous SiOx@C composite is constructed by SiOx nanoparticles uniformly dispersed in the C matrix. When tested as anode material for LIBs, it displays considerable specific capacity (1230 mAh/g at a current density of 0...
October 20, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Fan Zhang, Yue Sun, Demei Tian, Weon Sup Shin, Jong Seung Kim, Haibing Li
Host-guest recognition plays an important role in biological analysis and biosensing. Accordingly, great efforts have been devoted to the development of sensors using versatile 3D surface materials. These functionalized nanomaterials possess the advantages of high selectivity and visual signals, enabling the selective detection of ions, amino acids, proteins, and other biological molecules. Therefore, in this feature article, we present some significant and representative examples of molecular recognition on calixarene functionalized 3D surface nanomaterials...
October 20, 2016: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
Maneea Eizadi Sharifabad, Tim Mercer, Tapas Sen
Liposome-capped core-shell mesoporous silica-coated superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles called 'magnetic protocells' were prepared as novel nanocomposites and used for loading anticancer drug doxorubicin (DOX) for cellular toxicity study. Cytotoxicity of the magnetic protocells with or without DOX was tested in vitro on commercial MCF7 and U87 cell lines under alternating magnetic field. MCF7 cell line treated with the DOX-loaded nanoparticles under alternating magnetic field exhibited nearly 20% lower survival rate after 24 h compared with cells treated with free DOX and similarly, it was around 24% when applied to U87...
October 19, 2016: Nanomedicine
Katie A Cychosz, Rémy Guillet-Nicolas, Javier García-Martínez, Matthias Thommes
This review focuses on important aspects of applying physisorption for the pore structural characterization of hierarchical materials such as mesoporous zeolites. During the last decades major advances in understanding the adsorption and phase behavior of fluids confined in ordered nanoporous materials have been made, which led to major progress in the physisorption characterization methodology (summarized in the 2015 IUPAC report on physisorption characterization). Here we discuss progress and challenges for the physisorption characterization of nanoporous solids exhibiting various levels of porosity from micro- to macropores...
October 19, 2016: Chemical Society Reviews
Chenyi Cai, Min Kuang, Xiling Chen, Hao Wu, Hongtao Ge, Gengfeng Zheng
The development of efficient and robust electrocatalyst has been the central of the solar water splitting-based hydrogen fuel acquisition. In this work, we reported the use of cow milk, with addition of tetraethyl orthosilicate (TEOS) and melamine, for the synthesis of nitrogen-doped mesoporous carbon microspheres. Due to the large surface and enhanced charge transport behavior, the obtained samples enabled low overpotentials and a small Tafel slope toward oxygen evolution reaction, which were close or comparable to the best OER catalysts of carbon materials reported previously...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Lluís Pascual, Sameh El Sayed, Ramón Martínez-Máñez, Ana M Costero, Salvador Gil, Pablo Gaviña, Félix Sancenón
Mesoporous silica nanoparticles loaded with rhodamine B and capped with acetylcholinesterase are able to be selectively opened and deliver their cargo in the presence of nerve agent simulant diisopropyl fluorophosphate (DFP).
October 18, 2016: Organic Letters
Haiyang Sheng, Min Wei, Alyssa D'Aloia, Gang Wu
Current supercapacitors suffer from low energy density due to the high degree of microporosity and insufficient hydrophilicity of their carbon electrodes. Development of a supercapacitor capable of simultaneously storing as much energy as a battery, along with providing sufficient power and long cycle stability would be valued for energy storage applications and innovations. Differing from often studied reduced graphene oxides, in this work we identified an inexpensive heteroatom polymer (polyaniline-PANI) as a carbon/nitrogen precursor, and applied a controlled thermal treatment at elevated temperature to convert PANI into 3D high-surface-area graphene-sheet-like carbon materials...
October 18, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Jinyoung Chun, Changshin Jo, Sunhye Sahgong, Min Gyu Kim, Eunho Lim, Dong Hyeon Kim, Jongkook Hwang, Eunae Kang, Keun Ah Ryu, Yoon Seok Jung, Youngsik Kim, Jinwoo Lee
Metal fluorides (MFx) are one of the most attractive cathode candidates for Li-ion batteries (LIBs) due to their high conversion potentials with large capacities. However, only a limited number of synthetic method, generally involving highly toxic or inaccessible reagents, currently exist, which has made it difficult to produce well-designed nanostructures suitable for cathodes; consequently, harnessing their potential cathodic properties has been a challenge. Herein, we report a new bottom-up synthetic method utilizing ammonium fluoride (NH4F) for the preparation of anhydrous MFx(CuF2, FeF3, and CoF2)/mesoporous carbon(MSU-F-C) nanocomposites, whereby a series of metal precursor nanoparticles pre-confined in mesoporous carbon were readily converted to anhydrous MFx through simple heat treatment with NH4F under solventless conditions...
October 18, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Xueqin Wang, Lvye Dou, Zhaoling Li, Liu Yang, Jianyong Yu, Bin Ding
Functional nanoparticles modified silica nanofibrous materials with good flexibility, hierarchical mesoporous structure, and excellent durability would have broad applications in efficient removal of contaminant, yet have proven to be enormously challenging to construct. Herein, we reported a strategy for rational design and fabricating flexible, hierarchical mesoporous, and robust ZrO2 nanoparticle-embedded silica nanofibrous membranes (ZrO2/SiO2 NM) for phosphate removal by combining the chitosan dip-coating method with electrospinning technique...
October 18, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Feng Hu, Hongchao Yang, Changhong Wang, Yejun Zhang, Huan Lu, Qiangbin Wang
Rational design of cost-effective, nonprecious metal-based catalysts with desirable oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) performance is extremely important for future fuel cell commercialization, etc. Herein, a new type of ORR catalyst of Co-N-doped mesoporous carbon hollow sphere (Co-N-mC) was developed by pyrolysis from elaborately fabricated polystyrene@polydopamine-Co precursors. The obtained catalysts with active Co sites distributed in highly graphitized mesoporous N-doped carbon hollow spheres exhibited outstanding ORR activity with an onset potential of 0...
October 18, 2016: Small
Qing Zhang, Haoyu Zhao, Dong Li, Liping Liu, Shuhu Du
To achieve drug targeting and on-demand releasing, surface functionalization plays a critical role in fabricating potential mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) toward tumor chemotherapy. Here, we prepared a size-controllable ligand-functionalized MSNs delivery system via coordinate bonding, which can release doxorubicin (DOX) in response to pH and prolong the circulation time of drug in vivo. After modifying the external surface of MSNs with polyethylene glycol (PEG), iminodiacetic acid (IDA) as a ligand was mainly grafted on the surface of mesopores to chelate cupric iron and DOX in sequence via coordinate bonds...
October 11, 2016: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
Hui Cao, Siqi Zhu, Chao Yang, Ruiqi Bao, Liuniu Tong, Linrui Hou, Xiaogang Zhang, Changzhou Yuan
Mesoporous hetero-structures have drawn tremendous attention due to their unprecedented inherent advantages in advanced Li-ion batteries (LIBs). In this study, we developed a facile metal-organic-framework-engaged synthetic methodology for large-scale fabrication of two-dimensional (2D) mesoporous hetero-ZnFe2O4/ZnO nanosheets (ZFOZ NSs) with homogeneously dispersed hetero-nanodomains of spinel ZnFe2O4 and ZnO. When evaluated as a promising anode for LIB applications, the resultant 2D ultrathin mesoporous hetero-ZFOZ NSs exhibited extraordinary electrochemical Li storage performance with long-cycle behavior and large reversible capacities for next-generation LIB applications, thanks to the attractive synergetic contributions from ultrathin mesoporous architecture and electroactive bi-component hetero-interfaces at the nanoscale...
October 17, 2016: Nanotechnology
Yassine Oumellal, Karine Provost, Camelia Matei Ghimbeu, Alicia Martinez de Yuso, Claudia Zlotea
In-depth clarification of hydrogen interaction with noble metal nanoparticles and nanoalloys is essential for further development and design of efficient catalysts and hydrogen storage nanomaterials. This issue becomes even more challenging for nanoalloys of bulk-immiscible metals. The hydrogen interaction with bulk-immiscible Pd-Rh nanoalloys (3-6 nm) supported on mesoporous carbon is studied by both laboratory and large scale facility techniques. X-ray diffraction (XRD) reveals a single phase fcc structure for all nanoparticles confirming the formation of nanoalloys in the whole composition range...
October 17, 2016: Nanotechnology
Shenli Zhang, Maria Perez-Page, Kelly Guan, Erick Yu, Joseph W Tringe, Ricardo H R Castro, Roland Faller, Pieter Stroeve
Molecular Dynamics (MD) and Monte Carlo (MC) simulations were applied together for the first time to reveal the porous structure transformation mechanisms of mesoporous silica MCM-41 subjected to temperatures up to 2885 K. Silica was experimentally characterized to inform the models and enable prediction of changes in gas adsorption/separation properties. MD simulations suggest that the pore closure process is activated by a collective diffusion of matrix atoms into the porous region, accompanied by bond reformation at the surface...
October 17, 2016: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
S Vichaphund, V Sricharoenchaikul, D Atong
Fly ash-derived HZSM-5 catalyst was first applied in the catalytic pyrolysis of Jatropha residues in a semi-continuous fixed-bed reactor. The catalytic performance of HZSM-5 catalysts prepared from chemicals including conventional hydrothermal HZSM-5, Ni/HZSM-5 by ion exchange, and commercial HZSM-5 (Si/Al = 30) was evaluated for comparison. Catalytic pyrolysis of Jatropha residues with HZSM-5 catalysts was investigated in terms of product yields and qualities of bio-oil and bio-char. The liquid yield produced from fly ash-derived HZSM-5 was 29...
October 17, 2016: Environmental Technology
Leandro P Ravaro, Tiago R Almeida, Rodrigo Q Albuquerque, Andrea S S de Camargo
The polynuclear complex Cu4I4py4 has been largely studied in solution and in the powder form due to its interesting luminescent properties, which are largely dependent on temperature and pressure. In this work, we present the synthesis of the complex and its wet impregnation in a mesoporous silica host obtained by sol-gel methodology. For optimized loadings, the well-dispersed guest molecules exhibit strong interaction with molecular oxygen, resulting in a significant quenching of the luminescence. The process is highly reversible with a Stern-Volmer constant of Ksv = 33...
October 17, 2016: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Jixing Liu, Fuhong Yu, Jian Liu, Lifeng Cui, Zhen Zhao, Yuechang Wei, Qianyao Sun
A series of meso-microporous Cu-SAPO-34 catalysts were successfully synthesized by a one-pot hydrothermal crystallization method, and these catalysts exhibited excellent NH3-SCR performance at low temperature. Their structure and physic chemical properties were characterized by means of X-ray diffraction patterns (XRD), Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Transmission electron microscopy (TEM), N2 sorption-desorption, nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), Inductively Coupled Plasma-Atomic Emission spectrometer (ICP-AES), X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XPS), Temperature-programmed desorption of ammonia (NH3-TPD), Ultraviolet visible diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (UV-Vis DRS) and Temperature programmed reduction (TPR)...
October 2016: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
Inyoung Lee, Takashi Sode, Noya Loew, Wakako Tsugawa, Christopher Robin Lowe, Koji Sode
An ultimate goal for those engaged in research to develop implantable medical devices is to develop mechatronic implantable artificial organs such as artificial pancreas. Such devices would comprise at least a sensor module, an actuator module, and a controller module. For the development of optimal mechatronic implantable artificial organs, these modules should be self-powered and autonomously operated. In this study, we aimed to develop a microcontroller using the BioCapacitor principle. A direct electron transfer type glucose dehydrogenase was immobilized onto mesoporous carbon, and then deposited on the surface of a miniaturized Au electrode (7mm(2)) to prepare a miniaturized enzyme anode...
September 28, 2016: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Wei Kuang, You-Nian Liu, Jianhan Huang
Synthesis of hyper-cross-linked resins with almost all micro/mesopores as well as controllable functional groups is still challenging. Herein we developed a kind of phenol-modified hyper-cross-linked resins with almost all micro/mesopores, and controlled the uploading amount of phenol on the surface. The results indicated that, due to producing rigid methylene cross-linking bridges, these resins were typical micro/mesoporous materials, and the micropore surface area and micropore volume were up to 70% of the total Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) surface area and pore volume...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Mingzhen Zhang, Changlong Xu, Liuqing Wen, Moon Kwon Han, Bo Xiao, Jun Zhou, Yuchen Zhang, Zhan Zhang, Emilie Viennois, Didier Merlin
The ability of nanoparticles to target tumors and to enable site-specific drug release provides a unique system for the delivery of effective therapy with reduced toxic side effects. In this study, we used mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSN) to fabricate a targeted drug delivery system that is responsive to hyaluronidase (HAase). Following engraftment of desthiobiotin onto the surface of MSN, a streptavidin complex was generated which was functionalized with biotin-modified hyaluronic acid (HA) to enable controlled drug release at cancer cells expressing HAase...
October 14, 2016: Cancer Research
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