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C Pisani, J C Gaillard, C Dorandeu, C Charnay, Y Guari, J Chopineau, J M Devoisselle, J Armengaud, O Prat
In order to direct nanocarriers to their targets efficiently, we have to understand the interactions occurring at the nano-bio interface between nanocarriers and human proteins, which forms the layer called the corona. However, experiments aiming to identify and quantify the proteins in the corona, especially critical steps in the separation of nanoparticles from biological media may affect the corona composition. Here, we used nano-LC MS/MS to compare the protein corona contents obtained after using two different separation methods...
April 21, 2017: Nanoscale
Peng Li, Nicolaas A Vermeulen, Christos D Malliakas, Diego A Gómez-Gualdrón, Ashlee J Howarth, B Layla Mehdi, Alice Dohnalkova, Nigel D Browning, Michael O'Keeffe, Omar K Farha
Bottom-up construction of highly intricate structures from simple building blocks remains one of the most difficult challenges in chemistry. Here, we report a structurally complex, mesoporous uranium-based metal-organic framework (MOF) made from simple starting components. The structure is comprised of 10 uranium nodes and 7 tricarboxylate ligands (both crystallographically non-equivalent); resulting in a 173.3 angstrom cubic unit cell enclosing 816 uranium nodes and 816 organic linkers-the largest unit cell found for any nonbiological material...
April 20, 2017: Science
Monika Sujka
Rice, corn, wheat, and potato starch granules suspended in water or ethanol were treated with ultrasounds at frequency of 20kHz and power 170W for 30min. Porosity of starch was investigated in terms of specific surface area (SBET), average pore size and pore size distribution using low-temperature nitrogen adsorption method. The significant increase of SBET was noted for all the studied starches sonicated in water and for potato starch modified in ethanol. Ultrasonic treatment influenced the average diameter of mesopores (2nm<width<50nm) differently...
July 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
Xiuqin Wang, Juanjuan Feng, Yanan Bu, Yu Tian, Chuannan Luo, Min Sun
Stainless-steel wires coated with mesoporous titanium oxide were placed into a polyether ether ketone tube for in-tube solid-phase microextraction, and the coating sorbent was characterized by X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy. It was combined with high performance liquid chromatography to build an online system. Using eight polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons as the analytes, some conditions including sample flow rate, sample volume, organic solvent content and desorption time were investigated...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Separation Science
Xiaoyu Wu, Songmei Li, Bo Wang, Jianhua Liu, Mei Yu
Transition-metal sulfide hollow nanostructures have received intensive attention in energy-related applications due to their unique structural features and high electrochemical activities. Here, a well-designed composite of NiCo2S4@C is successfully fabricated using a facile in situ template removal method. The obtained composite shows unique microstructures of hollow nanospheres (∼650 nm in diameter) assembled from ultrathin NiCo2S4@C nanosheets, in which numerous scattered NiCo2S4 nanoparticles are embedded in ultrathin carbon nanosheets, exhibiting mesoporous features with a high surface area of 247...
April 20, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
R C S Nascimento, A O S Silva, L Meili
Modified versions of MCM-41 and SBA-15 were obtained from sucrose by carbon deposition. The ability of the resulting materials, MCM-41 CC and SBA-15 CC, to remove Rhodamine B from aqueous solutions was evaluated. TG/DTG, XRD, Nitrogen Adsorption (BET), and SEM were used to characterize the materials. Adsorption was investigated by finite bath studies. To characterize the adsorption behavior and mechanism, kinetics and equilibrium were assessed. MCM-41 CC provided the best adsorption results: adsorptive capacity of 11...
April 20, 2017: Environmental Technology
Xu-Liang Xue, Wan-Zhong Lang, Xi Yan, Ya Jun Guo
The uniform monodispersed vanadium-doped three-dimensional dendritic mesoporous silica nanospheres (nV-MSNSs) were successfully synthesized in a heterogeneous oil-water biphase stratification reaction system, and characterized by several state-of-art methods. The synthesized nV-MSNSs were applied to the oxidative dehydrogenation of propane (ODHP) reaction with the presence of CO2 and exhibited excellent catalytic performances. The results show that the vanadium loading (1.3-8.0 wt %) evidently influences the textural properties, oxidation state and polymerization degree of vanadium species of nV-MSNSs...
April 20, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Dohyeong Kwon, Bong Geun Cha, Yuri Cho, Jiyoun Min, Eun-Byeol Park, Suk-Jo Kang, Jaeyun Kim
Over the past decade, mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) smaller than 200 nm with high colloidal stability have been extensively studied for systemic drug delivery. Although small molecule delivery via MSNs has been successful, the encapsulation of large therapeutic biomolecules, such as proteins or DNA, is limited due to small pore size of the conventional MSNs obtained by soft-templating. Here, we report the synthesis of mesoporous silica nanoparticles with extra-large pores (XL-MSNs) and their application to in vivo cytokine delivery for macrophage polarization...
April 19, 2017: Nano Letters
Yu Gao, Xiaodong Xie, Fengqiao Li, Yusheng Lu, Tao Li, Shu Lian, Yingying Zhang, Huijuan Zhang, Hao Mei, Lee Jia
Rare circulating tumor cells (CTCs) cause >50% of primary colorectal cancer survivors to develop deadly metastasis at 3-5 years after surgery; the current chemotherapies can do nothing about these cells. Herein, we synthesized a novel doxorubicin (DOX)-entrapped mesoporous silica nanoparticle (MSN), covalently-conjugated with two aptamers, for simultaneously targeting EpCAM and CD44, the typical surface biomarkers of colorectal CTCs. The nanomissile can specifically capture the metastasis-prone CTCs spiked in healthy human blood in a competitive-binding manner...
April 19, 2017: Nanoscale
Chandu V V Muralee Gopi, Seenu Ravi, S Srinivasa Rao, Araveeti Eswar Reddy, Hee-Je Kim
Carbon nanotubes (CNT) and metal sulfides have attracted considerable attention owing to their outstanding properties and multiple application areas, such as electrochemical energy conversion and energy storage. Here we describes a cost-effective and facile solution approach to the preparation of metal sulfides (PbS, CuS, CoS, and NiS) grown directly on CNTs, such as CNT/PbS, CNT/CuS, CNT/CoS, and CNT/NiS flexible electrodes for quantum dot-sensitized solar cells (QDSSCs) and supercapacitors (SCs). X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, and transmission electron microscopy confirmed that the CNT network was covered with high-purity metal sulfide compounds...
April 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
Teresa E Williams, Daniela Ushizima, Chenhui Zhu, André Anders, Delia J Milliron, Brett A Helms
Block copolymers serve as architecture-directing agents for the assembly of colloidal nanocrystals into a variety of mesoporous solids. Here we report the fundamental order-disorder transition in such assemblies, which yield, on one hand, ordered colloidal nanocrystals frameworks or, alternatively, disordered mesoporous nanocrystal films. Our determination of the order-disorder transition is based on extensive image analysis of films after thermal processing. The number of nearest-nanocrystal neighbours emerges as a critical parameter dictating assembly outcomes, which is in turn determined by the nanocrystal volume fraction (fNC)...
April 19, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
Hojin Hwang, Haeun Shin, Wan-Jin Lee
Triple-shelled ZnFe2O4 hollow microspheres (ZFO) as anode materials for lithium ion battery are prepared through a one-pot hydrothermal reaction using the composite solution consisting of sucrose in water and metal ions in ethylene glycol (EG), followed by different calcination processes. The architectures of ZFO micro spheres are differently synthesized through a mutual cooperation of inward and outward ripening with three different calcination temperatures. Thin triple-shelled ZnFe2O4 hollow microspheres calcined at 450 °C (ZFO-450) delivers a high reversible capacity of 932 mA h g(-1) at a current density of 2 A g(-1) even at the 200(th) cycle without obvious decay...
April 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
Myeongjin Kim, Jooheon Kim
Composites of micro- and mesoporous SiC flakes (SiCF) and ferroferric oxide (Fe3O4), SiCF/Fe3O4, were prepared via the chemical deposition of Fe3O4 on SiCF by the chemical reduction of an Fe precursor. The SiCF/Fe3O4 electrodes were fabricated at different Fe3O4 feeding ratios to determine the optimal Fe3O4 content that can maintain a high total surface area of SiCF/Fe3O4 composites as well as cause a vigorous redox reaction, thereby maximizing the synergistic effect between the electric double-layer capacitive effects of SiCF and the pseudo-capacitive effects of Fe3O4...
May 12, 2017: Nanotechnology
Yongfeng Bu, Tao Sun, Yuejin Cai, Lingyu Du, Ou Zhuo, Lijun Yang, Qiang Wu, Xizhang Wang, Zheng Hu
High volumetric energy density combined with high power density is highly desired for electrical double-layer capacitors. Usually the volumetric performance is improved by compressing carbon material to increase density but at the much expense of power density due to the deviation of the compressed porous structure from the ideal one. Herein the authors report an efficient approach to increase the density and optimize the porous structure by collapsing the carbon nanocages via capillarity. Three samples with decreasing sizes of meso- and macropores provide us an ideal model system to demonstrate the correlation of volumetric performance with porous structure...
April 18, 2017: Advanced Materials
Huiqi Xie, Min Chen, Limin Wu
A self-templated strategy is developed to fabricate hierarchical TiO2 /SnO2 hollow spheres coated with graphitized carbon (HTSO/GC-HSs) by combined sol-gel processes with hydrothermal treatment and calcination. The as-prepared mesoporous HTSO/GC-HSs present an approximate yolk-double-shell structure, with high specific area and small nanocrystals of TiO2 and SnO2 , and thus exhibit superior electrochemical reactivity and stability when used as anode materials for Li-ion batteries. A high reversible specific capacity of about 310 mAh g(-1) at a high current density of 5 A g(-1) can be achieved over 500 cycles indicating very good cycle stability and rate performance...
April 18, 2017: Small
Muhammad Shoaib, Aamer Saeed, Javeed Akhtar, Muhammad Saif Ur Rahman, Aman Ullah, Klaus Jurkschat, Muhammad Moazzam Naseer
A bifunctional mesoporous bioactive glass (MBG) with composition (49SiO2·20CaO·20Na2O·7K2O·4P2O5 mol%) was synthesized by a facile sol-gel method, using polyethylene glycol (PEG 6000) as a soft template. The structure, morphology (spherical with approximate size 1μm) and composition of MBG were determined by fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, the scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), respectively. The surface area (189.53m(2)g(-1) with the pore size of 21nm) of MBG was measured by Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) and Barrett-Joyner-Halenda (BJH) analysis...
June 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Zhengrong Gu, Sicheng Wang, Weizong Weng, Xiao Chen, Liehu Cao, Jie Wei, Jung-Woog Shin, Jiacan Su
In this study, composite cements containing mesoporous magnesium silicate (m-MS) and calcium sulfate (CS) were fabricated. The results revealed that the setting time of the m-MS/CS composite cements (m-MSC) slightly prolonged with the increase of m-MS content while the compressive strength suffered a little loss. The doping of m-MS improved the water absorption, drug release (vancomycin) and degradability of the m-MSC in Tris-HCl solution (pH=7.4). In addition, addition of m-MS facilitated the apatite-mineralization of m-MSC in simulated body fluid (SBF), indicating good bioactivity...
June 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
A Tamayo, M A Mazo, M D Veiga, R Ruiz-Caro, F Notario-Pérez, J Rubio
A novel drug release system has been obtained in form of tablets from Eudragit® RS and tenofovir loaded on porous silicon oxycarbide glasses (SiOC). Active carbon (AC) and mesoporous silica (MCM-41) have also been used for comparative purposes. The porous silicon oxycarbide presents a bimodal mesopore size distribution that is maintained after functionalization with amino groups. We have studied the adsorption kinetics and adsorption equilibrium when the materials are loaded with tenofovir and, in all cases, pseudo-second order kinetics and Langmuir isotherm have been revealed as the most representative models describing the kinetic and thermodynamic parameters...
June 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Zongnan Zhang, Haijiao Zhang
Porous nanomaterials have attracted extensive interests in adsorption, catalysis, biosensors, and biomedicine due to their high surface area, well-defined pore structure and tunable pore size. However, how to obtain porous nanomaterials of desirable component and unique structure with multifunctionalities and synergetic properties is still a great challenge. In this work, a novel nest-like Ag@mTiO2 hierarchical nanostructure with Ag nanoparticle as the core and a mesoporous crystalline TiO2 as the protective shell was successfully prepared by layer-by-layer assembly technique and alkali-etching hydrothermal route...
June 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Huashun Ji, Wenhao Wu, Feihu Li, Xiaoxue Yu, Jingjing Fu, Luyao Jia
An ordered mesoporous Mg-Al layered double hydroxide (meso-LDH350) with a fairly high Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) surface area (126m(2)g(-1)) has been facilely synthesized and then evaluated for the adsorptive removal of bromate from aqueous solutions. Adsorbents were characterized by a variety of techniques (e.g., XRD, FTIR, SEM, TG-DSC, N2 physisorption, XPS, etc.). The adsorption studies indicated that the presence of background electrolytes and competitive anions can obviously repress the uptake of bromate on LDHs...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
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