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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822293/synthesis-of-hexagonal-mesoporous-mgal-ldh-nanoplatelets-adsorbent-for-the-effective-adsorption-of-brilliant-yellow
#1
Reza Pourfaraj, Seyed Jamilaldin Fatemi, Sayed Yahya Kazemi, Pourya Biparva
Hexagonal mesoporous MgAl layered double hydroxide (LDH) was synthesized through a simple hydrothermal method and was employed without calcination as adsorbent in the removal of the direct anionic azo dye, Brilliant Yellow (BY). The adsorbent was characterized by XRD, FT-IR, SEM and BET surface area. Hexagonal platelets of MgAl LDH were fabricated with nanometric building blocks. Batch experiments were carried out for study effects of contact time, amount of adsorbent, solution pH and solution temperature on the removal efficiency of BY...
July 29, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821051/a-novel-self-assembly-lentinan-tetraphenylethylene%C3%A2-composite-with-strong-blue%C3%A2-fluorescence-in-water-and-its-properties
#2
Mengxia Li, Pan Chen, Min Xu, Xiaojuan Xu
We report a unique self-assembly of lentinan, a triple helical β-(1→3)-glucan (t-LNT), in water. By molecular dynamics simulation, it was found that t-LNT aggregated preferentially along the chain direction to form long chains, accompanied by side-direction linkage to form branches. Transmission electron microscopy images demonstrated that t-LNT formed dendrite-like fibers, which further formed fishnet-like porous/mesoporous aggregates with increasing concentration. The meshes in the fishnet were ascribed to the intersection of branches...
October 15, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820490/the-potentiodynamic-bottom-up-growth-of-the-tin-oxide-nanostructured-layer-for-gas-analytical-multisensor-array-chips
#3
Fedor S Fedorov, Dmitry Podgainov, Alexey Varezhnikov, Andrey Lashkov, Michail Gorshenkov, Igor Burmistrov, Martin Sommer, Victor Sysoev
We report a deposition of the tin oxide/hydroxide nanostructured layer by the potentiodynamic method from acidic nitrate solutions directly over the substrate, equipped with multiple strip electrodes which is employed as a gas-analytical multisensor array chip. The electrochemical synthesis is set to favor the growth of the tin oxide/hydroxide phase, while the appearance of metallic Sn is suppressed by cycling. The as-synthesized tin oxide/hydroxide layer is characterized by mesoporous morphology with grains, 250-300 nm diameter, which are further crystallized into fine SnO₂ poly-nanocrystals following heating to 300 °C for 24 h just on the chip...
August 18, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820251/aluminum-doped-mcm-41-nanoparticles-as-platforms-for-the-dual-encapsulation-of-a-co-releasing-molecule-and-cisplatin
#4
Francisco J Carmona, Ignacio Jiménez-Amezcua, Sara Rojas, Carlos C Romão, Jorge A R Navarro, Carmen R Maldonado, Elisa Barea
Mesoporous silica Al-MCM-41 nanoparticles have been used, for the first time, as vehicles for the single and dual encapsulation of the cationic CO-releasing molecule (CORM) [Mn(1,4,7-triazacyclononane)(CO)3](+) (ALF472(+)) and the well-known antineoplastic drug, cis-[PtCl2(NH3)2] (cisplatin). Thus, two new hybrid materials, namely, ALF472@Al-MCM-41 and ALF472-cisplatin@Al-MCM-41, have been isolated and fully characterized. The results reveal that the presence of CORM molecules enhances cisplatin loading 3-fold, yielding a cargo of 0...
August 18, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820235/tio2-containing-carbon-derived-from-a-metal-organic-framework-composite-a-highly-active-catalyst-for-oxidative-desulfurization
#5
Biswa Nath Bhadra, Ji Yoon Song, Nazmul Abedin Khan, Sung Hwa Jhung
A new metal-organic framework (MOF) composite consisting of Ti- and Zn-based MOFs (ZIF-8(x)@H2N-MIL-125; in brief, ZIF(x)@MOF) was designed and synthesized. The pristine MOF [H2N-MIL-125 (MOF)]- and an MOF-composite [ZIF(30)@MOF]-derived mesoporous carbons consisting of TiO2 nanoparticles were prepared by pyrolysis (named MDC-P and MDC-C, respectively). MDC-C showed a higher surface area, larger pore sizes, and larger mesopore volumes than MDC-P. In addition, the TiO2 nanoparticles on MDC-C have more uniform shapes and sizes, and are smaller than those of MDC-P...
August 18, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820197/helium-3-gas-self-diffusion-in-a-nematically-ordered-aerogel-at-low-temperatures-enhanced-role-of-adsorption
#6
Vyacheslav Kuzmin, Kajum Safiullin, Andrey Stanislavovas, Murat Tagirov
We performed (3)He gas diffusion measurements for the first time in a highly porous ordered Al2O3 aerogel sample at a temperature of 4.2 K using a nuclear magnetic resonance field gradient technique. A strong influence of (3)He adsorption in the aerogel on self-diffusion is observed. The classical consideration of adsorptive gas diffusion in mesopores leads to anomalously high tortuosity factors. The application of a more sophisticated model than the simple combination of empirical two-phase diffusion and the Knudsen gas diffusion models is required to explain our results...
August 18, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818782/mesoporous-silica-nanoparticles-msns-based-organic-inorganic-hybrid-nanocarriers-loading-5-fluorouracil-for-the-treatment-of-colon-cancer-with-improved-anticancer-efficacy
#7
Gang Pan, Ting-Ting Jia, Qian-Xia Huang, Yan-Yan Qiu, Jie Xu, Pei-Hao Yin, Tao Liu
Novel methods to improve the anticancer performance of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) is quite necessary for clinical medicines. In the present work, we fabricated a novel type of mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs)-based inorganic/organic hybrid nanoparticles covalently attached with poly(oligo(ethylene glycol) monomethyl ether methacrylate) (POEGMA) for improved stabilization and targeting peptide (RGD) for targeted delivery with the aim of improving the anticancer performance of 5-FU. Atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP) initiator functionalized MSN (MSN-Br) was synthesized at first, which was followed by surface-initiated ATRP of water soluble OEGMA and carboxyl-containing monomer (2-succinyloxyethyl methacrylate, SEMA)...
August 8, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818655/high-efficiency-removal-of-methylene-blue-using-sds-surface-modified-znfe2o4-nanoparticles
#8
Ping Zhang, Irene Lo, David O'Connor, Simo Pehkonen, Hefa Cheng, Deyi Hou
Recent studies have shown that hazardous organic dye substances can be removed from aqueous solutions by spinel ferrite nanomaterials. We found that Sodium Dodecyl Sulfonate (SDS) surface-modified mesoporous ZnFe2O4 nanoparticles (10-50nm) have a remarkably high maximum adsorptive capacity (∼699.30mg/g) for aqueous Methylene Blue (MB) removal at T of 288K and pH of 12. Unmodified ZnFe2O4 nanoparticles suffer from particle agglomeration, which reduces surface area, thus reducing their adsorptive capacity. Here it is shown that when modified with SDS, the specific surface area increased by ∼34%...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817284/fabrication-of-mesoporous-polystyrene-films-with-controlled-porosity-and-pore-size-by-solvent-annealing-for-templated-syntheses
#9
Mohan Raj Krishnan, Yu-Cheng Chien, Chung-Fu Cheng, Rong-Ming Ho
Herein, we aim to develop a facile method for the fabrication of mesoporous polystyrene (PS) films with controlled porosity and pore size by solvent annealing. A PS polymer film is solvent-annealed using N,N-dimethyl formamide (DMF) vapor for the development of phase separation, followed by rapidly cooling to the preset cryogenic temperature. Subsequently, a nonsolvent (methanol) is introduced to extract the crystalline DMF from the DMF-swollen PS, giving mesoporous PS with a network structure after the removal of DMF...
August 17, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817251/dual-core-shell-structured-s-c-mno2-nanocomposite-for-highly-stable-lithium-sulfur-batteries
#10
Lubin Ni, Gangjin Zhao, Guang Yang, Guosheng Niu, Ming Chen, Guowang Diao
Lithium-sulfur (Li-S) batteries have currently excited worldwide academic and industrial interest as a next-generation high-power energy storage system (EES) because of their high energy density and low cost of sulfur. However, the commercialization application is being hindered by capacity decay, mainly attributed to the polysulfide shuttle and poor conductivity of sulfur. Here, we have designed a novel dual core-shell nanostructure of S@C@MnO2 nanosphere hybrid as the sulfur host. The S@C@MnO2 nanosphere is successfully prepared using mesoporous hollow carbon spheres (MHCS) as the template and then in situ MnO2 growth on the surface of MHCS...
August 17, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816386/chemotaxis-guided-hybrid-neutrophil-micromotor-for-actively-targeted-drug-transport
#11
Jingxin Shao, Mingjun Xuan, Hongyue Zhang, Xiankun Lin, Zhiguang Wu, Qiang He
Engineering self-propelled micromotors with good biocompatibility and biodegradability for actively seeking sites of diseases and targeted drug transport remains a huge challenge. Here we demonstrate that neutrophils with intrinsic chemotaxis ability could be transformed into self-guided biohybrid motors through integrating mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) with high loading capability. To realize the compatibility of neutrophil cells with drug-loaded MSNs, bacteria membranes derived from E. coli were coated onto MSNs in advance by using a camouflaging strategy...
August 17, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816012/periodic-mesoporous-organosilica-films-with-a-tunable-steady-state-mesophase
#12
Murad A Redzheb, Sigrid Bernstorff, Barbara Sartori, Pascal Van Der Voort, Silvia Armini
The mesophase formation in spin-coated periodic mesoporous organosilica (PMO) films aged at a controlled ambient humidity is investigated by time-resolved grazing-incidence small-angle X-ray scattering (GISAXS). The investigation demonstrates the existence of a tunable steady state in PMO spin-coated films. Thus, a film deposited at a relative humidity of 20 % has a lamellar mesophase, whereas a subsequent increase to 70 % leads to a phase transformation resulting in a P63 /mmc space group. On the other hand, an increase of the surfactant to organosilica molar ratio of between 0...
August 16, 2017: Chemphyschem: a European Journal of Chemical Physics and Physical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815957/tailoring-hierarchical-zeolites-with-designed-cationic-surfactants-and-its-high-catalytic-performance
#13
Kai Zhang, Chao Li, Zewei Liu, Min Wang, Xin Yan, Hongxia Xi
Three hierarchical porous zeolites (H-*BEA, H-MTW and H-*MRE) were successfully synthesized with the assistant of designed cationic surfactants under hydrothermal synthesis conditions. The as-synthesized zeolite samples can be easily regulated by changing the number of long hydrophobic n-alkyl chains. Also, we investigated the relationship between the length of the surfactant and the formation of microporous structure of zeolite. Furthermore, alkylation of benzene with propene was performed as probe reaction to evaluate the catalytic performance of the synthesized hierarchical zeolites...
August 17, 2017: Chemistry, An Asian Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815500/nanoparticle-mediated-recombinase-delivery-into-maize
#14
Susana Martin-Ortigosa, Brian G Trewyn, Kan Wang
We describe a non-DNA-based system for delivering Cre recombinase protein into maize tissue using gold-plated mesoporous silica nanoparticle (Au-MSN). Cre protein is first loaded into the pores of Au-MSNs and then delivered using the biolistic method to immature embryos of a maize line (Lox-corn), which harbors loxP sites flanking a selection and a reporter gene. The release of the Cre recombinase protein inside the plant cell leads to recombination at the loxP sites, eliminating both genes. Visual screening is used to identify recombination events, which can be regenerated to mature and fertile plants...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815234/synthesis-of-mesoporous-iridium-nanosponge-a-highly-active-thermally-stable-and-efficient-olefin-hydrogenation-catalyst
#15
Sourav Ghosh, Balaji R Jagirdar
Three dimensional porous structures offer high specific surface areas and large pore volumes, which enhance substrate diffusion within the porous structures and provide a large number of surface active sites. Such types of structures find applications in catalysis. Herein, we report a simple synthetic strategy for the preparation of iridium nanosponges by the capping agent dissolution method. An Ir@BNHx nanocomposite was prepared starting from different iridium precursors by a solid state reduction method using ammonia borane wherein iridium(0) nanoparticles are embedded in a BNHx polymer...
August 17, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813066/multivalent-mesoporous-silica-nanoparticles-photo-delivering-nitric-oxide-with-carbon-dots-as-fluorescence-reporters
#16
Damien Afonso, Sabrina Valetti, Aurore Fraix, Claudia Bascetta, Salvatore Petralia, Sabrina Conoci, Adam Feiler, Salvatore Sortino
Amino-terminated mesoporous silica nanoparticles embedding carbon dots (MSCD) formed by calcination were functionalized with a nitric oxide (NO) photodonor (1) to give a robust MSCD-1 conjugate. The intense fluorescence of MSCDs was strongly quenched in MSCD-1 by effective energy transfer. Visible light excitation of MSCD-1 liberates NO, suppresses the energy transfer mechanism and leads to concomitant fluorescence restoration of the MSCD scaffold, which acts as an optical reporter for the released NO. The MSCD-1 hybrid is also able to encapsulate the highly hydrophobic photosensitizer temoporfin, preserving the fluorescence reporting function...
August 16, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812876/cocatalysing-pt-pto-phase-junction-nanodots-on-hierarchically-porous-tio2-for-highly-enhanced-photocatalytic-hydrogen-production
#17
Xiaoning Ren, Zhiyi Hu, Jun Jin, Liang Wu, Chao Wang, Jing Liu, Fu Liu, Min Wu, Yu Li, Gustaaf Van Tendeloo, Bao-Lian Su
Phase-junction between cocatalyst and semiconductor host is quite effective to enhance the photocatalytic activity, and is widely studied while the report on the phase-juncted cocatalyst is still rare. In this work, we report the deposition of the Pt/PtO phase-juncted nanodots as cocatalyst via NaOH modification of an interconnected meso-macroporous TiO2 network with high surface area and inner-particle mesopores to enhance the performance of photocatalytic H2 production. Our results show that NaOH modification can largely influence the Pt/PtO phase-juncted nanodots formation and dispersity...
August 16, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812758/a-metalloporphyrin-based-porous-organic-polymer-as-an-efficient-catalyst-for-the-catalytic-oxidation-of-olefins-and-arylalkanes
#18
Zheng-Dong Ding, Wei Zhu, Tao Li, Rui Shen, Yunxing Li, Zaijun Li, Xuehong Ren, Zhi-Guo Gu
A metalloporphyrin-based porous organic polymer, Mn-PPOP-1, was constructed in high yield via the ketoenamine condensation of robust porphyrin tetraamines (TBPP) with 1,3,5-triformylphloroglucinol. The stable keto-enamine form in the synthesized polymer was unambiguously confirmed by (13)C CP-MAS solid state NMR. Noticeably, besides the high thermal and chemical stability, this material contains both micropores and mesopores, which are favorable for mass transfer in the catalytic application. Mn-PPOP-1 exhibits significantly high catalytic oxidation of olefins and arylalkanes at room temperature...
August 16, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811480/formation-pathways-of-mesoporous-silica-nanoparticles-with-dodecagonal-tiling
#19
Yao Sun, Kai Ma, Teresa Kao, Katherine A Spoth, Hiroaki Sai, Duhan Zhang, Lena F Kourkoutis, Veit Elser, Ulrich Wiesner
Considerable progress in the fabrication of quasicrystals demonstrates that they can be realized in a broad range of materials. However, the development of chemistries enabling direct experimental observation of early quasicrystal growth pathways remains challenging. Here, we report the synthesis of four surfactant-directed mesoporous silica nanoparticle structures, including dodecagonal quasicrystalline nanoparticles, as a function of micelle pore expander concentration or stirring rate. We demonstrate that the early formation stages of dodecagonal quasicrystalline mesoporous silica nanoparticles can be preserved, where precise control of mesoporous silica nanoparticle size down to <30 nm facilitates comparison between mesoporous silica nanoparticles and simulated single-particle growth trajectories beginning with a single tiling unit...
August 15, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810734/adsorption-and-depletion-regimes-of-a-nonionic-surfactant-in-hydrophilic-mesopores-an-experimental-and-simulation-study
#20
Dirk Müter, Gernot Rother, Henry Bock, Martin Schoen, Gerhard H Findenegg
Adsorption and aggregation of nonionic surfactants at oxide surfaces has been studied extensively in the past, but only for concentrations below and near the critical micelle concentration. Here we report an adsorption study of a short-chain surfactant (C6E3) in porous silica glass of different pore sizes (7.5 to 50 nm), covering a wide composition range up to 50 wt.-% in a temperature range from 20°C to the LCST. Aggregative adsorption is observed at low concentrations, but the excess concentration of C6E3 in the pores decreases and approaches zero at higher bulk concentrations...
August 15, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
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