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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332735/non-hodgkin-lymphoma-in-south-east-asia-an-analysis-of-the-histopathology-clinical-features-and-survival-from-thailand
#1
Tanin Intragumtornchai, Udomsak Bunworasate, Kitsada Wudhikarn, Arnuparp Lekhakula, Jakrawadi Julamanee, Kanchana Chansung, Chittima Sirijerachai, Lalita Norasetthada, Weerasak Nawarawong, Archrob Khuhapinant, Noppadol Siritanaratanakul, Tontanai Numbenjapon, Kannadit Prayongratana, Suporn Chuncharunee, Pimjai Niparuck, Tawatchai Suwanban, Nongluk Kanitsap, Somchai Wongkhantee, Rutchanid Pornvipavee, Peerapon Wong, Nisa Makruasi, Pongsak Wannakrairot, Thamathorn Assanasen, Sanya Sukpanichnant, Paisarn Boonsakan, Wasana Kanoksil, Charin Ya-In, Kanita Kayasut, Winyu Mitranun, Naree Warnnissorn
Systemic reports on the descriptive epidemiology of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) from Southeast Asia are scarce. A nationwide multi-institutional registry was conducted to compare the histopathology, clinical features, and survival of Thai adult patients with NHL using large registries, especially those from Far East Asia (FEA). Using a web-based registry system, 13 major medical centers from the 4 geographic regions of Thailand prospectively collected, from 2007 to 2014, the diagnostic pathology, according to the World Health Organization classification, 2008, clinical features and survival of 4056 patients who were newly diagnosed with NHL...
March 23, 2017: Hematological Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332127/a-review-of-zoonotic-infection-risks-associated-with-the-wild-meat-trade-in-malaysia
#2
REVIEW
Jennifer Caroline Cantlay, Daniel J Ingram, Anna L Meredith
The overhunting of wildlife for food and commercial gain presents a major threat to biodiversity in tropical forests and poses health risks to humans from contact with wild animals. Using a recent survey of wildlife offered at wild meat markets in Malaysia as a basis, we review the literature to determine the potential zoonotic infection risks from hunting, butchering and consuming the species offered. We also determine which taxa potentially host the highest number of pathogens and discuss the significant disease risks from traded wildlife, considering how cultural practices influence zoonotic transmission...
March 22, 2017: EcoHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331387/taxonomy-of-the-leptogenys-modiglianii-species-group-from-southeast-asia-hymenoptera-formicidae-ponerinae
#3
Kôichi Arimoto
Leptogenys brevilobasp. n., Leptogenys curvasp. n., Leptogenys itoisp. n., Leptogenys kanaoisp. n., Leptogenys malayanasp. n., and Leptogenys modiglianii Emery, 1900 are described from southeast Asia. The Leptogenys modiglianii species group is proposed on the basis of similarities among the six species. An identification key to species in this group from southeast Asia is provided.
2017: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330330/a-combined-chloroplast-atpb-rbcl-and-trnl-f-phylogeny-unveils-the-ancestry-of-balsams-impatiens-spp-in-the-western-ghats-of-india
#4
P P Shajitha, N R Dhanesh, P J Ebin, Joseph Laly, Devassy Aneesha, John Reshma, Jomy Augustine, Mathew Linu
Only a few Impatiens spp. from South India (one of the five centers of diversity for Impatiens species) were included in the published datum of molecular phylogeny of the family Balsaminaceae. The present investigation is a novel attempt to reveal the phylogenetic association of Impatiens species of South India, by placing them in the global phylogeny of Impatiens based on a combined analysis of two chloroplast genes. Thirty species of genus Impatiens were collected from different locations of South India. Total genomic DNA was extracted from fresh plant leaf, and polymerase chain reaction was carried out using atpB-rbcL and trnL-F intergenic spacer-specific forward and reverse primers...
December 2016: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327173/a-new-paradigm-for-aedes-spp-surveillance-using-gravid-ovipositing-sticky-trap-and-ns1-antigen-test-kit
#5
Sai Ming Lau, Tock H Chua, Wan-Yussof Sulaiman, Sylvia Joanne, Yvonne Ai-Lian Lim, Shamala Devi Sekaran, Karuthan Chinna, Balan Venugopalan, Indra Vythilingam
BACKGROUND: Dengue remains a serious public health problem in Southeast Asia and has increased 37-fold in Malaysia compared to decades ago. New strategies are urgently needed for early detection and control of dengue epidemics. METHODS: We conducted a two year study in a high human density dengue-endemic urban area in Selangor, where Gravid Ovipositing Sticky (GOS) traps were set up to capture adult Aedes spp. mosquitoes. All Aedes mosquitoes were tested using the NS1 dengue antigen test kit...
March 21, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327126/characterization-and-mechanisms-of-anti-influenza-virus-metabolites-isolated-from-the-vietnamese-medicinal-plant-polygonum-chinense
#6
Thu Thi Tran, Meehyein Kim, Yejin Jang, Hye Won Lee, Hoa Thi Nguyen, Thanh Ngoc Nguyen, Hae Woong Park, Quang Le Dang, Jin-Cheol Kim
BACKGROUND: Polygonum chinense Linn. is a common medicinal plant in Southeast Asia and has been used in traditional medicine in Vietnam. The plant contains phytochemicals with various biological properties; however, its antiviral effect has not yet been demonstrated. This study was aimed to evaluate the anti-influenza virus activity of crude extracts of P. chinense, to characterize antiviral metabolites therefrom and to investigate their mechanisms of antiviral action. METHODS: The methanol (MeOH) extract and organic solvent layers of P...
March 21, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326809/identifying-factors-affecting-the-safety-of-mid-block-bicycle-lanes-considering-mixed-two-wheeled-traffic-flow
#7
Lu Bai, Ching-Yao Chan, Pan Liu, Chengcheng Xu
OBJECTIVE: Electric bikes (e-bikes) were one of the fastest growing trip modes in Southeast Asia over the past two decades. The increasing popularity of e-bikes raised some safety concerns on urban transport system. The primary objective of this study was to identify whether and how the generalized linear regression model (GLM) could be used to relate the cyclists' safety with various contributing factors when they were riding in a mid-block bike lane. The types of two-wheeled vehicles in the study included bicycle style electric bicycles (BSEBs), scooter style electric bicycles (SSEBs) and regular bicycles (RBs)...
March 22, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325245/south-east-asia-differing-socioeconomic-factors-differing-access-to-radiotherapy-the-philippines-a-microcosm
#8
REVIEW
Miriam Joy C Calaguas, Johannes A Gubat
The accessibility of radiotherapy in Southeast Asia, a region characterized by diversity in both economy and culture, differ widely among its member countries. In most countries, access is not universal and is generally limited by radiotherapy resources and the health-seeking behavior of patients. This in turn relates to the current health policy in place, the practice of radiation oncology, and cultural factors such as religion and family dynamics. Although it is clear that radiotherapy access parallel economic development, it is also affected by different social factors that work to facilitate or impede its improvement...
April 2017: Seminars in Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324177/a-detailed-analysis-of-codon-usage-patterns-and-influencing-factors-in-zika-virus
#9
Niraj K Singh, Anuj Tyagi
Recent outbreaks of Zika virus (ZIKV) in Africa, Latin America, Europe, and Southeast Asia have resulted in serious health concerns. To understand more about evolution and transmission of ZIKV, detailed codon usage analysis was performed for all available strains. A high effective number of codons (ENC) value indicated the presence of low codon usage bias in ZIKV. The effect of mutational pressure on codon usage bias was confirmed by significant correlations between nucleotide compositions at third codon positions and ENCs...
March 21, 2017: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324156/molecular-characterization-of-two-rhesus-glycoproteins-from-the-euryhaline-freshwater-white-rimmed-stingray-himantura-signifer-and-changes-in-their-transcript-levels-and-protein-abundance-in-the-gills-kidney-and-liver-during-brackish-water-acclimation
#10
Cheng T Yeam, You R Chng, Jasmine L Y Ong, Wai P Wong, Shit F Chew, Yuen K Ip
Himantura signifer is a freshwater stingray which inhabits rivers in Southeast Asia. It is ammonotelic in fresh water, but retains the capacities of urea synthesis and ureosmotic osmoregulation to survive in brackish water. This study aimed to elucidate the roles of Rhesus glycoproteins (Rhgp), which are known to transport ammonia, in conserving nitrogen (N) in H. signifer during brackish water acclimation when N became limited resulting from increased hepatic urea synthesis. The complete coding sequence of rhbg from H...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Comparative Physiology. B, Biochemical, Systemic, and Environmental Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323863/discovery-of-genome-widesnps-by-rad-seqand-the-genetic-diversity-of-captive-hog-deer-axis-porcinus
#11
Wei Wang, Huijuan Yan, Jianqiu Yu, Jun Yi, Yu Qu, Maozhong Fu, Ang Chen, Hui Tang, Lili Niu
The hog deer (Axis porcinus) is a small deer whose natural habitat is the wet or moist tall grasslands in South and Southeast Asia. Wild populations have dramatically decreased in recent decades. While wild hog deer were recently acknowledged to be extinct in China, a few captive populations have been maintained. In the present study, we successfully employed the restriction-site-associated DNA sequencing (RAD-seq) technique to generate a genome-wide profile of single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the captive population of hog deer from Chengdu Zoo, China (N = 11)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323391/metagenomic-analysis-reveals-changes-of-the-drosophila-suzukii-microbiota-in-the-newly-colonised-regions
#12
Isabel Martinez-Sañudo, Mauro Simonato, Andrea Squartini, Nicola Mori, Laura Marri, Luca Mazzon
The spotted wing drosophila, Drosophila suzukii (Matsumura) (Diptera: Drosophilidae) is a highly polyphagous pest of a wide variety of wild or cultivated berry and stone fruit. Originating from Southeast Asia, it has recently invaded a wide range of regions in Europe and North-America. It is well known that insect microbiotas may significantly influence several aspects of the host biology and play an important role in invasive species introduction into new areas. However, in spite of the great economic importance of D...
March 21, 2017: Insect Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322705/three-divergent-subpopulations-of-the-malaria-parasite-plasmodium-knowlesi
#13
Paul C S Divis, Lee C Lin, Jeffrine J Rovie-Ryan, Khamisah A Kadir, Fread Anderios, Shamilah Hisam, Reuben S K Sharma, Balbir Singh, David J Conway
Multilocus microsatellite genotyping of Plasmodium knowlesi isolates previously indicated 2 divergent parasite subpopulations in humans on the island of Borneo, each associated with a different macaque reservoir host species. Geographic divergence was also apparent, and independent sequence data have indicated particularly deep divergence between parasites from mainland Southeast Asia and Borneo. To resolve the overall population structure, multilocus microsatellite genotyping was conducted on a new sample of 182 P...
April 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315691/mir-519-suppresses-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma-cell-proliferation-by-targeting-oncogene-urg4-urgcp
#14
Guodong Yu, Tian Zhang, Ying Jing, Qingmin Bao, Qiang Tang, Yu Zhang
Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is one of the most common malignant tumor in Southeast Asia, its regulatory mechanism is still to be understood. miR-519 inhibits the progression of several tumors, including cervical cancer, ovarian cancer and gastric cancer. But its role in NPC hasn't been studied. In present study, we found miR-519 was downregulated in NPC cells, its overexpression inhibited NPC cell proliferation and arrested cell cycle at G0/G1 phase, while its knockdown promoted NPC cell proliferation and cell cycle progression...
March 15, 2017: Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303992/predicting-dengue-outbreak-in-the-metropolitan-city-lahore-pakistan-using-dengue-vector-indices-and-selected-climatological-variables-as-predictors
#15
Ejaz Mahmood Ahmad Qureshi, Amtul Bari Tabinda, Seemal Vehra
OBJECTIVE: Dengue viruses have rapidly spread in Southeast Asia, particularly in Pakistan, during the last few years, so the present study was undertaken to formulate a model for predicting dengue outbreak. METHODOLOGY: A panel data using STRATA statistical software was employed to determine the effects of entomological indices, Per Man Hour Density (PMHD), Minimum Infection Rate (MIR) and selected climatic variables on dengue patients by using Fixed Effects (FE) and Random Effects (RE) models...
March 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303732/mitochondrial-dna-sequence-variation-in-iranian-native-dogs
#16
Zeinab Amiri Ghanatsaman, Adeniyi C Adeola, Masood Asadi Fozi, Ya-Ping Ma, Min-Sheng Peng, Guo-Dong Wang, Ali Esmailizadeh, Ya-Ping Zhang
The dog mtDNA diversity picture from wide geographical sampling but from a small number of individuals per region or breed, displayed little geographical correlation and high degree of haplotype sharing between very distant breeds. For a clear picture, we extensively surveyed Iranian native dogs (n = 305) in comparison with published European (n = 443) and Southwest Asian (n = 195) dogs. Twelve haplotypes related to haplogroups A, B and C were shared by Iranian, European, Southwest Asian and East Asian dogs...
March 17, 2017: Mitochondrial DNA. Part A. DNA Mapping, Sequencing, and Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303048/studies-on-physico-chemical-and-cooking-characteristics-of-rice-bean-varieties-grown-in-ne-region-of-india
#17
Rejaul Hoque Bepary, D D Wadikar, Seuji Borah Neog, P E Patki
Rice bean (Vigna umbellata) is grown in South and Southeast Asia, and the bean has gained importance due to its nutritional strength in terms of dietary fiber, quality protein and minerals. In current study, the nutritional and functional components, cooking and thermo-gravimetric properties of eleven rice bean varieties from NE India were investigated. Results revealed that the major nutrients among the varieties ranged as follows: 54.21-60.49% carbohydrates, 15.64-21.60% protein, 1.22-2.3% fat, 5.53-6.56% crude fibre, 3...
March 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302108/confirmation-of-plasmodium-falciparum-in-vitro-resistance-to-monodesethylamodiaquine-and-chloroquine-in-dakar-senegal-in-2015
#18
Silman Diawara, Marylin Madamet, Mame Bou Kounta, Gora Lo, Khalifa Ababacar Wade, Aminata Nakoulima, Raymond Bercion, Rémy Amalvict, Mamadou Wague Gueye, Bécaye Fall, Bakary Diatta, Bruno Pradines
BACKGROUND: In response to increasing resistance to anti-malarial drugs, Senegal adopted artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT) as the first-line treatment for uncomplicated malaria in 2006. However, resistance of Plasmodium falciparum parasites to artemisinin derivatives, characterized by delayed parasite clearance after treatment with ACT or artesunate monotherapy, has recently emerged and rapidly spread in Southeast Asia. After 10 years of stability with rates ranging from 5.6 to 11...
March 16, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298344/the-assembly-of-ant-farmed-gardens-mutualism-specialization-following-host-broadening
#19
Guillaume Chomicki, Milan Janda, Susanne S Renner
Ant-gardens (AGs) are ant/plant mutualisms in which ants farm epiphytes in return for nest space and food rewards. They occur in the Neotropics and Australasia, but not in Africa, and their evolutionary assembly remains unclear. We here use phylogenetic frameworks for important AG lineages in Australasia, namely the ant genus Philidris and domatium-bearing ferns (Lecanopteris) and flowering plants in the Apocynaceae (Hoya and Dischidia) and Rubiaceae (Myrmecodia, Hydnophytum, Anthorrhiza, Myrmephytum and Squamellaria)...
March 15, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296884/increased-von-willebrand-factor-decreased-adamts13-and-thrombocytopenia-in-melioidosis
#20
Emma Birnie, Gavin C K W Koh, Ester C Löwenberg, Joost C M Meijers, Rapeephan R Maude, Nicholas P J Day, Sharon J Peacock, Tom van der Poll, W Joost Wiersinga
BACKGROUND: Melioidosis, caused by bioterror treat agent Burkholderia pseudomallei, is an important cause of community-acquired Gram-negative sepsis in Southeast Asia and Northern Australia. New insights into the pathogenesis of melioidosis may help improve treatment and decrease mortality rates from this dreadful disease. We hypothesized that changes in Von Willebrand factor (VWF) function should occur in melioidosis, based on the presence of endothelial stimulation by endotoxin, pro-inflammatory cytokines and thrombin in melioidosis, and investigated whether this impacted on outcome...
March 15, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
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