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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166397/extreme-exploitation-in-southeast-asia-waters-challenges-in-progressing-towards-universal-health-coverage-for-migrant-workers
#1
Rapeepong Suphanchaimat, Nareerut Pudpong, Viroj Tangcharoensathien
Rapeepong Suphanchaimat and colleagues present the plight of migrant workers in the fishing industry in Southeast Asia and discuss challenges in providing for their health and safety.
November 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163616/co-expression-of-arabidopsis-nhx1-and-bar-improves-the-tolerance-to-salinity-oxidative-stress-and-herbicide-in-transgenic-mungbean
#2
Sanjeev Kumar, Angkana Kalita, Richa Srivastava, Lingaraj Sahoo
Mungbean is an important pulse crop extensively cultivated in Southeast Asia for supply of easily digestible protein. Salinity severely limits the growth and productivity of mungbean, and weeding poses nutritional and disease constraints to mungbean cultivation. To pyramid both salt tolerance and protection against herbicide in mungbean, the AtNHX1 encoding tonoplast Na(+)/H(+) antiporter from Arabidopsis, and bar gene associated with herbicide resistance were co-expressed through Agrobacterium-mediated transformation...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163567/soil-type-has-a-stronger-role-than-dipterocarp-host-species-in-shaping-the-ectomycorrhizal-fungal-community-in-a-bornean-lowland-tropical-rain-forest
#3
Adam L Essene, Katherine L Shek, J D Lewis, Kabir G Peay, Krista L McGuire
The role that mycorrhizal fungal associations play in the assembly of long-lived tree communities is poorly understood, especially in tropical forests, which have the highest tree diversity of any ecosystem. The lowland tropical rain forests of Southeast Asia are characterized by high levels of species richness within the family Dipterocarpaceae, the entirety of which has been shown to form obligate ectomycorrhizal (ECM) fungal associations. Differences in ECM assembly between co-occurring species of dipterocarp have been suggested, but never tested in adult trees, as a mechanism for maintaining the coexistence of closely related tree species in this family...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161526/individualism-collectivism-social-self-control-and-adolescent-substance-use-and-risky-sexual-behavior
#4
Pallav Pokhrel, Brooke L Bennett, Sakshi Regmi, Bulat Idrisov, Artur Galimov, Leila Akhmadeeva, Steve Sussman
Individualism and collectivism are cultural syndromes that have been associated with adolescent problem behavior in studies conducted in the U.S. and Southeast Asia. However, research investigating the mechanisms of how cultural orientation impacts health risk behaviors has been limited. This study tested a new model explaining the relationship between cultural orientation (i.e., individualism, collectivism) and adolescent problem behavior (i.e., substance use and risky sex) in terms of interpersonal self-regulation (i...
November 21, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159319/co-circulation-of-crimean-congo-hemorrhagic-fever-virus-strains-asia-1-and-2-between-the-border-of-iran-and-pakistan
#5
Nariman Shahhosseini, Ahmad Jafarbekloo, Zakkyeh Telmadarraiy, Sadegh Chinikar, Ali Haeri, Norbert Nowotny, Martin H Groschup, Anthony R Fooks, Faezeh Faghihi
Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever (CCHF) is a tick-borne viral disease that is transmitted by numerous species of ticks, which serve both as a reservoir and vector of CCHF virus (CCHFV). Molecular and serological tests were undertaken on hard ticks (Ixodidae spp.) and samples from livestock were collected in 2015 from Chabahar County in Southeast Iran. Using RT-PCR, the ticks were tested for the presence of CCHFV. In addition, seven livestock were serologically tested for the presence of IgG antibodies using an ELISA test...
November 2017: Heliyon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158688/a-time-for-new-north-south-relationships-in-global-health
#6
Jin Un Kim, Obinna Oleribe, Ramou Njie, Simon D Taylor-Robinson
The modern concept of globalization in health care and clinical research often carries a positive message for the "Global South" nations of Africa, South America and Southeast Asia. However, bioethical abuse of participants in clinical trials still exists in the Global South. Unethical studies directed by the "Global North", formed by the medically advanced nations in North America, Western Europe and Japan, have been hugely concerning. The issue between the Global North and South is a well-recognized socioeconomic phenomenon of globalization...
2017: International Journal of General Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157957/selection-of-vaccine-strains-for-serotype-o-foot-and-mouth-disease-viruses-2007-2012-circulating-in-southeast-asia-east-asia-and-far-east
#7
Mana Mahapatra, Sasmita Upadhyaya, Sharie Aviso, Aravindh Babu, Geoff Hutchings, Satya Parida
Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is endemic in Southeast Asia (SEA) and East Asia with circulation of multiple serotypes and multiple genotypes within each serotype of the virus. Although countries like Japan and South Korea in the Far East were free of FMD, in 2010 FMD serotype O (O/Mya-98) outbreaks were recorded and since then South Korea has experienced several FMD outbreaks despite regular vaccination. In this study a total of 85 serotype O FMD viruses (FMDV) isolated from 2007 to 2012 from SEA, East Asia and Far East were characterized by virus neutralisation tests using antisera to four existing (O/HKN/6/83, O/IND/R2/75, O/SKR/2010 and O/PanAsia-2) and one putative (O/MYA/2009) vaccine strains, and by full capsid sequencing...
November 17, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156753/candidate-tumor-suppressor-znf154-suppresses-invasion-and-metastasis-in-npc-by-inhibiting-the-emt-via-wnt-%C3%AE-catenin-signalling
#8
Ying Hu, Min-Fang Qi, Qian-Lan Xu, Xiang-Yun Kong, Rui Cai, Qiu-Qiu Chen, Hua-Ying Tang, Wei Jiang
Background: Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is especially prevalent in southeast Asia and southern China, but its molecular mechanisms remain poorly characterized. DNA methylation is associated with initiation and progression of tumors, including NPC. Through a genome-wide DNA methylation screening approach, we discovered ZNF154, but its methylation status and roles in NPC have not been investigated. Methods: The methylation status of ZNF154 in NPC was detected with Methylation specific-PCR (MSP) and Quantitative Sequenom MassARRAY...
October 17, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156272/a-quantitative-assessment-of-distributions-and-sources-of-tropospheric-halocarbons-measured-in-singapore
#9
Sayantan Sarkar, Wei Hong Fan, Shiguo Jia, Donald R Blake, Jeffrey S Reid, Puji Lestari, Liya E Yu
This work reports the first ground-based atmospheric measurements of 26 halocarbons in Singapore, an urban-industrial city-state in Southeast (SE) Asia. A total of 166 whole air canister samples collected during two intensive 7 Southeast Asian Studies (7SEAS) campaigns (August-October 2011 and 2012) were analyzed for C1-C2 halocarbons using gas chromatography-electron capture/mass spectrometric detection. The halocarbon dataset was supplemented with measurements of selected non-methane hydrocarbons (NMHCs), C1-C5 alkyl nitrates, sulfur gases and carbon monoxide to better understand sources and atmospheric processes...
November 17, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155137/streaming-data-from-a-smartphone-application-a-new-approach-to-mapping-health-during-travel
#10
Andrea Farnham, Martin Röösli, Ulf Blanke, Emily Stone, Christoph Hatz, Milo A Puhan
BACKGROUND: New research methods offer opportunities to investigate the influence of environment on health during travel. Our study uses data from a smartphone application to describe spatial and environmental patterns in health among travellers. METHODS: A prospective cohort of travellers to Thailand used a smartphone application during their trips to 1) answer a daily questionnaire about health behaviours and events, and 2) collect streaming data on environment, itinerary, and weather...
November 15, 2017: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152168/pollination-by-the-locally-endangered-island-flying-fox-pteropus-hypomelanus-enhances-fruit-production-of-the-economically-important-durian-durio-zibethinus
#11
Sheema A Aziz, Gopalasamy R Clements, Kim R McConkey, Tuanjit Sritongchuay, Saifful Pathil, Muhammad Nur Hafizi Abu Yazid, Ahimsa Campos-Arceiz, Pierre-Michel Forget, Sara Bumrungsri
Fruit bats provide valuable pollination services to humans through a unique coevolutionary relationship with chiropterophilous plants. However, chiropterophily in the Old World and the pollination roles of large bats, such as flying foxes (Pteropus spp., Acerodon spp., Desmalopex spp.), are still poorly understood and require further elucidation. Efforts to protect these bats have been hampered by a lack of basic quantitative information on their role as ecosystem service providers. Here, we investigate the role of the locally endangered island flying fox Pteropus hypomelanus in the pollination ecology of durian (Durio zibethinus), an economically important crop in Southeast Asia...
November 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151096/jumping-frenchmen-miryachit-and-latah-culture-specific-hyperstartle-plus-syndromes
#12
Douglas J Lanska
In the late 19th century, jumping (French Canadians in Maine, USA), miryachit (Siberia), and latah (Southeast Asia) were among a group of similar disorders described around the world, each of which manifests as an exaggerated startle response with additional late-response features that were felt by some to overlap with hysteria or tics. The later features following the exaggerated startle reaction variably include mimesis (e.g., echopraxia, echolalia) and automatic obedience. These reaction patterns tended to persist indefinitely in affected individuals...
2018: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145486/geography-of-current-and-future-global-mammal-extinction-risk
#13
Ana D Davidson, Kevin T Shoemaker, Ben Weinstein, Gabriel C Costa, Thomas M Brooks, Gerardo Ceballos, Volker C Radeloff, Carlo Rondinini, Catherine H Graham
Identifying which species are at greatest risk, what makes them vulnerable, and where they are distributed are central goals for conservation science. While knowledge of which factors influence extinction risk is increasingly available for some taxonomic groups, a deeper understanding of extinction correlates and the geography of risk remains lacking. Here, we develop a predictive random forest model using both geospatial and mammalian species' trait data to uncover the statistical and geographic distributions of extinction correlates...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142388/analysis-of-free-amino-acids-in-different-extracts-of-orthosiphon-stamineus-leaves-by-high-performance-liquid-chromatography-combined-with-solid-phase-extraction
#14
Armaghan Shafaei, Nor Hidayah Ab Halim, Norhidayah Zakaria, Zhari Ismail
Background: Orthosiphon stamineus (OS) Benth is a medicinal plant and native in Southeast Asia. Previous studies have shown that OS leaves possess antioxidant, cytotoxic, diuretic, antihypertensive, and uricosuric effects. These beneficial effects have been attributed to the presence of primary and secondary metabolites such as polyphenols, amino acids, and flavonoids. Objective: To develop and validate an high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)-diode array detector (DAD) method combined with solid-phase extraction that involves precolumn derivatization with O-phthaladehyde for simultaneous analysis of free amino acids in OS leaves extracts...
October 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141713/resource-use-and-costs-of-dengue-analysis-of-data-from-phase-iii-efficacy-studies-of-a-tetravalent-dengue-vaccine
#15
Hanna El Fezzazi, Marie Branchu, Gabriel Carrasquilla, Punnee Pitisuttithum, Ana Paula Perroud, Carina Frago, Laurent Coudeville
A tetravalent dengue vaccine (CYD-TDV) has recently been approved in 12 countries in southeast Asia and Latin America for individuals aged 9-45 years or 9-60 years (age indication approvals vary by country) living in endemic areas. Data on utilization of medical and nonmedical resources as well as time lost from school and work were collected during the active phase of two phase III efficacy studies performed in 10 countries in the Asia-Pacific region and Latin America (NCT01373281; NCT01374516). We compared dengue-related resource utilization and costs among vaccinated and nonvaccinated participants...
October 16, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138981/young-men-who-have-sex-with-men-at-high-risk-for-hiv-bangkok-msm-cohort-study-thailand-2006-2014
#16
Warunee Thienkrua, Frits van Griensven, Philip A Mock, Eileen F Dunne, Boonyos Raengsakulrach, Wipas Wimonsate, Nopporn Howteerakul, Chaiwat Ungsedhapand, Anupong Chiwarakorn, Timothy H Holtz
High HIV incidence has been reported in young men who have sex with men (YMSM) in North America and Western Europe, but there are limited data from Southeast Asia suggesting MSM may be the driver of the HIV epidemic in this region. We described HIV incidence and risk factors among 494 YMSM enrolled in a cohort study in Bangkok, Thailand. The HIV incidence was 7.4 per 100 person-years. In multivariable analysis, reporting use of an erectile dysfunction drug in combination with club drugs, having receptive or both insertive and receptive anal intercourse with men, having hepatitis A infection, having rectal Chlamydia trachomatis, having hepatitis B infection prior to HIV seroconversion, and reporting not always using condoms with male steady partners were significantly associated with HIV incidence in YMSM...
November 14, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138607/evaluation-of-sleep-profile-in-schizophrenia-patients-treated-with-extended-release-paliperidone-an-open-label-prospective-study-in-southeast-asia
#17
Ronnachai Kongsakon, Nuntika Thavichachart, Ka Fai Chung, Leslie Lim, Beverly Azucena, Elizabeth Rondain, Benson Go, Fe Costales, Osot Nerapusee
Objective: To evaluate the effect of 6 months of treatment with paliperidone extended-release (ER) tablets on the sleep profile of patients with schizophrenia. Methods: A total of 984 patients meeting the The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV) criteria for schizophrenia who switched their antipsychotic to paliperidone ER were recruited from 61 sites in five countries in Southeast Asia. We recorded patient demographics and assessed sleep quality and daytime drowsiness using visual analog scales...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137419/caspase-3-expression-in-tumorigenesis-and-prognosis-of-buccal-mucosa-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#18
Jer-Shyung Huang, Cheng-Mei Yang, Jyh-Seng Wang, Huei-Han Liou, I-Chien Hsieh, Guan-Cheng Li, Sin-Jhih Huang, Chih-Wen Shu, Ting-Ying Fu, Yun-Chung Lin, Luo-Ping Ger, Pei-Feng Liu
Buccal mucosa squamous cell carcinoma (BMSCC) is the most common oral cancer in Southeast Asia. Caspase-3, a key molecule in regulating apoptosis, promotes the malignancy of various cancers. However, its role in BMSCC is unknown. Herein, we evaluated the association of caspase-3 expression with tumorigenesis and prognosis in BMSCC patients. Immunohistochemical staining indicated that the expression levels of cleaved caspase-3 (p<0.001) and caspase-3 (p<0.001) in 185 BMSCC tissues were significantly higher compared to those in the tumor adjacent normal tissues...
October 13, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134059/speciation-over-the-edge-gene-flow-among-non-human-primate-species-across-a-formidable-biogeographic-barrier
#19
Ben J Evans, Anthony J Tosi, Kai Zeng, Jonathan Dushoff, André Corvelo, Don J Melnick
Many genera of terrestrial vertebrates diversified exclusively on one or the other side of Wallace's Line, which lies between Borneo and Sulawesi islands in Southeast Asia, and demarcates one of the sharpest biogeographic transition zones in the world. Macaque monkeys are unusual among vertebrate genera in that they are distributed on both sides of Wallace's Line, raising the question of whether dispersal across this barrier was an evolutionary one-off or a more protracted exchange-and if the latter, what were the genomic consequences...
October 2017: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133573/the-rars-mad1l1-fusion-gene-induces-cancer-stem-cell-like-properties-and-therapeutic-resistance-in-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma
#20
Qian Zhong, Zhihua Liu, Zhi-Rui Lin, Ze-Dong Hu, Li Yuan, Yan-Min Liu, Ai-Jun Zhou, Li-Hua Xu, Li-Juan Hu, Zi-Feng Wang, Xin Yuan Guan, Jia-Jie Hao, Vivian Wai Yan Lui, Ling Guo, Hai-Qiang Mai, Ming-Yuan Chen, Fei Han, Yun-Fei Xia, Jennifer R Grandis, Xing Zhang, Mu-Sheng Zeng
PURPOSE: Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is most common head and neck cancer in Southeast Asia. Because local recurrence and distant metastasis are still the main causes of NPC treatment failure, it is urgent to identify new tumor markers and therapeutic targets for advanced NPC. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: RNA-seq was applied to look for interchromosome translocation in NPC. PCR, FISH and immunoprecipitation were used to examine the fusion gene expression at RNA, DNA, and protein levels in NPC biopsies...
November 13, 2017: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
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