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Catheter related blood stream infections

Shefali Gupta, Shrikara P Mallya, Ashok Bhat, Shrikala Baliga
INTRODUCTION: Aerobic bacterial infections often complicate vascular access in patients receiving haemodialysis, leading to Catheter-Related Blood Stream Infections (CRBSI). Various studies report Gram - positive bacteria, Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) in particular, as the most common aetiologic agent. Studies on microbiological analysis in this subset of population from India are very few. AIM: To examine clinical and bacteriological profiles of haemodialysis patients developing CRBSI, the antibiotic susceptibility of the bacteria isolated from these patients and determine nasal carriage of S...
July 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Esraa S Al-Tawil, Alanoud M Almuhareb, Hamdy M Amin
BACKGROUND/AIM: Parenteral nutrition (PN) is a lifesaving therapy for patients with many severe conditions, including intestinal failure. Some patients require long-term PN therapy, which makes home parenteral nutrition (HPN) an attractive option to improve the quality of life. Among the most common and serious complications observed in these patients are catheter-related blood stream infections (CRBSIs). The aim of our study is to determine the frequency of CRBSI among patients receiving long-term HPN...
July 2016: Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Saudi Gastroenterology Association
Ho-Tsung Hsin, Meng-Shiuan Hsu, Jiann-Shing Shieh
OBJECTIVE: To address the importance of bundle care for catheter-related infection (CRBSI) on the basis of long-term observation in a catheter-abundant cardiovascular intensive care unit (CVICU). DESIGN: Prospective longitudinal cohort study. SETTING: CVICU of a tertiary referring medical centre in northern Taiwan. PARTICIPANTS: Around 1400 critically ill patients annually for 5 years in the CVICU (from January 2010 to June 2015)...
July 29, 2016: Postgraduate Medical Journal
Nai Ming Lai, Nai An Lai, Elizabeth O'Riordan, Nathorn Chaiyakunapruk, Jacqueline E Taylor, Kenneth Tan
BACKGROUND: The central venous catheter (CVC) is a device used for many functions, including monitoring haemodynamic indicators and administering intravenous medications, fluids, blood products and parenteral nutrition. However, as a foreign object, it is susceptible to colonisation by micro-organisms, which may lead to catheter-related blood stream infection (BSI) and in turn, increased mortality, morbidities and health care costs. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of skin antisepsis as part of CVC care for reducing catheter-related BSIs, catheter colonisation, and patient mortality and morbidities...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
James Morrison, John Kaufman
Vascular access is invaluable in the treatment of hospitalized patients. Central venous catheters provide a durable and long-term solution while saving patients from repeated needle sticks for peripheral IVs and blood draws. The initial catheter placement procedure and long-term catheter usage place patients at risk for infection. The goal of this project was to develop a system to track and evaluate central line-associated blood stream infections related to interventional radiology placement of central venous catheters...
July 6, 2016: Journal of Digital Imaging: the Official Journal of the Society for Computer Applications in Radiology
Jakob Gubensek, Matej Zrimsek, Vladimir Premru, Jadranka Buturovic-Ponikvar, Rafael Ponikvar
The choice of vascular access in very elderly hemodialysis patients can be complex. Data on the frequency of interventions and complications when temporary catheters are used for long periods in this population are lacking. All incident patients ≥80 years old, dialyzed over non-tunneled catheters, were included and the frequency of interventions (re-insertions and wire-exchanges) and complications (catheter-related blood stream infections) were recorded. In 31 patients aged 84 ± 4 years, dialyzed for 1...
June 2016: Therapeutic Apheresis and Dialysis
H Esfahani, M Ghorbanpor, A Tanasan
BACKGROUND: Peripheral blood vessels, due to availability are used for many years in cancer patients, however in patients with potentially harmful drugs to skin (vesicant drugs) or difficult accessibility to vessels, the use of implantable port (totally implantable venous access port-TIVAP) devices with central vascular access are important. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this retrospective study, 85 pediatric cancer patients younger than 16 years, with TIVAP implantation, were followed for their complications and outcome...
2016: Iranian Journal of Pediatric Hematology and Oncology
Natalie K Bradford, Rachel M Edwards, Raymond J Chan
BACKGROUND: Around the world, guidelines and clinical practice for the prevention of complications associated with central venous catheters (CVC) vary greatly. To prevent occlusion, most institutions recommend the use of heparin when the CVC is not in use. However, there is debate regarding the need for heparin and evidence to suggest normal saline may be as effective. The use of heparin is not without risk, may be unnecessary and is also associated with increased costs. OBJECTIVES: To assess the clinical effects (benefits and harms) of heparin versus normal saline to prevent occlusion in long-term central venous catheters in infants, children and adolescents...
July 2016: International Journal of Nursing Studies
Sue J Kim-Saechao, Earl Almario, Zachary A Rubin
BACKGROUND: Peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs) removed prematurely for unconfirmed infection or thrombosis lead to subsequent reinsertions and associated complications. To improve clinical quality, a mandatory electronic communication tool (MECT) based on clinical practice guidelines was mandated for all inpatient adult PICCs in an academically affiliated tertiary medical center. This MECT facilitated early communication and specialized evaluation with the PICC team for any complications related to PICCs...
May 11, 2016: American Journal of Infection Control
Tayfur Demiray, Mehmet Koroglu, Ahmet Ozbek, Mustafa Altindis
BACKGROUND: Severe cases of infections caused by Raoultella planticola are constantly being reported from all over the world with the increase in drug-resistance patterns. In this study, we retrospectively evaluated the clinical characteristics of R. planticola infections with patients' demographics and antimicrobial susceptibilities of the R. planticola isolates. METHODS: R. planticola isolates were retrospectively evaluated. VITEK 2(®) automated system was used for identification and antimicrobial susceptibility testing...
May 4, 2016: Infection
Joan Webster, Donna Gillies, Elizabeth O'Riordan, Karen L Sherriff, Claire M Rickard
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Edward Septimus, Jason Hickok, Julia Moody, Ken Kleinman, Taliser R Avery, Susan S Huang, Richard Platt, Jonathan Perlin
BACKGROUND: Challenges exist in implementing evidence-based strategies, reaching high compliance, and achieving desired outcomes. The rapid adoption of a publicly available toolkit featuring routine universal decolonization of intensive care unit (ICU) patients may affect catheter-related bloodstream infections. METHODS: Implementation of universal decolonization-treatment of all ICU patients with chlorhexidine bathing and nasal mupirocin-used a prerelease version of a publicly available toolkit...
July 15, 2016: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
Zhaleh Abdi, Hamid Ravaghi, Mohsen Abbasi, Bahram Delgoshaei, Somayeh Esfandiari
Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to apply Bow-tie methodology, a proactive risk assessment technique based on systemic approach, for prospective analysis of the risks threatening patient safety in intensive care unit (ICU). Design/methodology/approach - Bow-tie methodology was used to manage clinical risks threatening patient safety by a multidisciplinary team in the ICU. The Bow-tie analysis was conducted on incidents related to high-alert medications, ventilator associated pneumonia, catheter-related blood stream infection, urinary tract infection, and unwanted extubation...
May 9, 2016: International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance
Juergen Thomas Lutz, Isabel Victoria Diener, Kerstin Freiberg, Robert Zillmann, Kija Shah-Hosseini, Harald Seifert, Bettina Berger-Schreck, Hilmar Wisplinghoff
PURPOSE: Catheter-related bloodstream infections affect patients in surgical and intensive care settings worldwide, causing complications, aggravation of existing symptoms and increased length of stay. The trial aimed at comparing two registered skin antiseptics with respect to their residual and therefore infection-preventing effects. METHODS: In a parallel, monocentric, prospective, triple-blind, randomized trial the difference in bacterial recolonization of catheter skin sites in central venous (CVC) and epidural catheters (EC) was investigated by comparing two alcoholic-based skin disinfectants...
May 3, 2016: Infection
Yasemin Ozsurekci, Kamile Oktay Arıkan, Cihangül Bayhan, Eda Karadağ-Öncel, Ahmet Emre Aycan, Venhar Gürbüz, Gülşen Hasçelik, Mehmet Ceyhan
OBJECTIVE: The potential role of procalcitonin (PCT) in the diagnosis of catheter-related bloodstream infection (CRBSIs) is still unclear and requires further research. The diagnostic value of serum PCT for the diagnosis of CRBSI in children is evaluated here. METHOD: This study was conducted between October 2013 and November 2014, and included patients with suspected CRBSI from 1 month to 18 years of age who were febrile, with no focus of infection, and had a central venous catheter...
July 2016: Jornal de Pediatria
Lokesh Shahani, Rabih O Darouiche
OBJECTIVES: Clinical outcomes in patients with negative peripheral and positive central blood culture with coagulase negative staphylococci (CoNS) based on different treatment approach such as intravenous antibiotics, removal of CVC, combined approach or just observation are not known. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of patients with negative peripheral and paired positive central blood culture with CoNS admitted at our affiliated hospital between 2008 to 2013...
April 28, 2016: Hospital Practice (Minneapolis)
Lidia Santarpia, Antonio Buonomo, Maria Carmen Pagano, Lucia Alfonsi, Maria Foggia, Michele Mottola, Geremia Zito Marinosci, Franco Contaldo, Fabrizio Pasanisi
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of central venous catheter (CVC)-related blood-stream infections (CRBSI), infecting agents and the effectiveness of antibiotic therapy were evaluated in 172 adult patients on Home Parenteral Nutrition (HPN) at the Clinical Nutrition Outpatient Unit of Federico II University Hospital in Naples, Italy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study population consisted of 127 oncological (74%) and 45 (26%) non-oncological patients, for a total of 53,818 (median 104; range 14-1080) CVC days...
March 30, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Hongfei Jiang, Hang Hu, Haitao Ren, Chunmao Han, Xingang Wang, Chuangang You, Ruiyi Zhao
PURPOSE: This is a single-center, descriptive report of the management and complications of venous catheter use in 19 severely burned passengers from a bus fire that occurred on July 5, 2014, in Hangzhou. METHODS: We recorded the parameters of the catheters insertion and indwelling. Sampling of each removed catheter was conducted to monitor for catheter-related infections. Bedside ultrasound screening was performed for recording central venous catheter (CVC)-related complications...
July 12, 2016: Journal of Vascular Access
Mari Okada, Mai Sato, Masao Ogura, Koichi Kamei, Kentaro Matsuoka, Shuichi Ito
BACKGROUND: Advances in long-term parenteral nutrition via indwelling central venous catheter have improved the quality of life and mortality in patients with life-threatening gastrointestinal diseases complicated with severely impaired absorption. However, infection to central venous catheter is still a common and critical complication for such patients. We encountered two patients under long-term parenteral nutrition who developed glomerulonephritis associated with central venous catheter infection...
2016: BMC Research Notes
Nai Ming Lai, Jacqueline E Taylor, Kenneth Tan, Yao Mun Choo, Azanna Ahmad Kamar, Nor Asiah Muhamad
BACKGROUND: Central venous catheters (CVCs) provide secured venous access in neonates. Antimicrobial dressings applied over the CVC sites have been proposed to reduce catheter-related blood stream infection (CRBSI) by decreasing colonisation. However, there may be concerns on the local and systemic adverse effects of these dressings in neonates. OBJECTIVES: We assessed the effectiveness and safety of antimicrobial (antiseptic or antibiotic) dressings in reducing CVC-related infections in newborn infants...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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