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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225318/caffeine-stimulated-intestinal-epithelial-cells-suppress-lipid-accumulation-in-adipocytes
#1
Takakazu Mitani, Tomoya Nagano, Kiyonari Harada, Yoko Yamashita, Hitoshi Ashida
Caffeine is a methylxanthine derived from plant foods such as coffee beans and tea leaves, and has multiple biological activities against physiological response and several diseases. Although there are some reports about the direct effect of caffeine against anti-lipid accumulation in vitro, the effect of caffeine on lipid accumulation in adipocytes through stimulating intestinal epithelial cells is unknown. Since direct treatment with caffeine to 3T3-L1 cells did not affect lipid accumulation, we determined whether caffeine-stimulated intestinal epithelial Caco-2 cells influence the lipid accumulation in 3T3-L1 adipocytes...
2017: Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212961/ubiquitin-proteasome-system-modulates-zygotic-genome-activation-in-early-mouse-embryos-and-influences-full-term-development
#2
Chika Higuchi, Natsumi Shimizu, Seung-Wook Shin, Kohtaro Morita, Kouhei Nagai, Masayuki Anzai, Hiromi Kato, Tasuku Mitani, Kazuo Yamagata, Yoshihiko Hosoi, Kei Miyamoto, Kazuya Matsumoto
Maternal RNA/protein degradation and zygotic genome activation (ZGA), occurring during maternal-to-zygotic transition (MZT), are the first essential events for the development of pre-implantation embryos. Previously, we have shown the importance of the ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS) for initiation of minor ZGA at the 1-cell stage of mouse embryos. However, little is known about the mechanism of involvement of the UPS-degraded maternal proteins in ZGA. In this study, we investigated the effect of inhibiting maternal protein degradation by the reversible proteasome inhibitor, MG132, on post-implantation development and ZGA regulation during early cleavage stages...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Reproduction and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205851/regulated-cell-death-of-lymphoma-cells-after-graded-mitochondrial-damage-is-differentially-affected-by-drugs-targeting-cell-stress-responses
#3
Tomás Lombardo, Martín Gil Folgar, Luciana Salaverry, Estela Rey-Roldán, Elida M Alvarez, María C Carreras, Laura Kornblihtt, Guillermo A Blanco
Collapse of the mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) is often considered the initiation of regulated cell death (RCD). Carbonyl cyanide 3-chlorophenylhydrazone (CCCP) is an uncoupler of the electron transport chain (ETC) that facilitates the translocation of protons into the mitochondrial matrix leading to the collapse of the MMP. Several cell stress responses such as mitophagy, mitochondrial biogenesis and the ubiquitin proteasome system, may differentially contribute to restrain the initiation of RCD depending on the extent of mitochondrial damage...
December 4, 2017: Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196261/a-674563-increases-chondrocyte-marker-expression-in-cultured-chondrocytes-by-inhibiting-sox9-degradation
#4
Tomohito Kobayashi, Kaori Fujita, Takashi Kamatani, Shuichi Matsuda, Noriyuki Tsumaki
The implantation of autologous chondrocytes is a therapeutic treatment for articular cartilage damage. However, the benefits are limited due to the expansion of chondrocytes in monolayer culture, which causes loss of chondrocytic characters. Therefore, culture conditions that enhance chondrocytic characters are needed. We screened 5822 compounds and found that A-674563 enhanced the transcription of several chondrocyte marker genes, including Col2a1, Acan and Col11a2, in mouse primary chondrocytes. Experiments using cycloheximide, MG132 and bafilomycin A1 have revealed that Sox9 is degraded through the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway and that A-674563 inhibits this degradation, resulting in larger amount of Sox9 protein...
November 28, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191827/proteasome-mediated-degradation-of-collagen-iii-by-cortisol-in-amnion-fibroblasts
#5
Yabing Mi, Wangsheng Wang, Jiangwen Lu, Chuyue Zhang, Yawei Wang, Hao Ying, Kang Sun
Rupture of fetal membranes (ROM) can initiate parturition at both term and preterm. Collagen III in the compact layer of the amnion contributes to the tensile strength of fetal membranes. However, the upstream signals triggering collagen III degradation remain mostly elusive. In this study we investigated the role of cortisol regenerated by 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase 1 (11β-HSD1) in collagen III degradation in human amnion fibroblasts with an aim to seek novel targets for the prevention of preterm premature ROM (PPROM)-elicited preterm birth...
November 30, 2017: Journal of Molecular Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191257/proteasome-inhibitor-mg132-enhances-cisplatin-induced-apoptosis-in-osteosarcoma-cells-and-inhibits-tumor-growth
#6
Farui Sun, Yuanjin Zhang, Lijun Xu, Songbai Li, Xiang Chen, Ling Zhang, Yifan Wu, Jun Li
Although cisplatin has been proved as an integral part of chemotherapy regiment in osteosarcoma (OS) treatment, toxicity issues and chemoresistance hindered the OS therapeutic development. Exploring novel combination therapy methods is required to circumvent the limitations of cisplatin alone. The proteasome inhibitor MG132 has shown its anti-tumor effects in many solid tumors. However, little is known about its effects in combination with cisplatin in osteosarcoma cells. In this study, we examined the effects of MG132 in combination with cisplatin in human osteosarcoma cells (MG-63 and HOS)...
November 30, 2017: Oncology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184507/kir2-1-nav1-5-channel-complexes-are-differently-regulated-than-kir2-1-and-nav1-5-channels-alone
#7
Raquel G Utrilla, Paloma Nieto-Marín, Silvia Alfayate, David Tinaquero, Marcos Matamoros, Marta Pérez-Hernández, Sandra Sacristán, Lorena Ondo, Raquel de Andrés, F Javier Díez-Guerra, Juan Tamargo, Eva Delpón, Ricardo Caballero
Cardiac Kir2.1 and Nav1.5 channels generate the inward rectifier K+ (IK1) and the Na+ (INa) currents, respectively. There is a mutual interplay between the ventricular INa and IK1 densities, because Nav1.5 and Kir2.1 channels exhibit positive reciprocal modulation. Here we compared some of the biological properties of Nav1.5 and Kir2.1 channels when they are expressed together or separately to get further insights regarding their putative interaction. First we demonstrated by proximity ligation assays (PLAs) that in the membrane of ventricular myocytes Nav1...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164633/capillarisin-blocks-prostate-specific-antigen-expression-on-activation-of-androgen-receptor-in-prostate-carcinoma-cells
#8
Ke-Hung Tsui, Ying-Ling Chang, Tsui-Hsia Feng, Chen-Pang Hou, Yu-Hsiang Lin, Pei-Shan Yang, Bing-Wei Lee, Horng-Heng Juang
BACKGROUND: Capillarisin (Cap), an active ingredient of Artemisia capillaris extracts, has known for its anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and anticancer properties. Functions of Cap in prostate cancer are not clear. We investigate effects of Cap on downregulation of prostate specific antigen (PSA) via modulation of androgen receptor (AR) in prostate carcinoma cells. METHODS: Cell proliferation was measured by water-soluble tetrazolium-1 (WST-1) cell proliferation assays...
November 22, 2017: Prostate
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145719/maintained-mpf-level-after-oocyte-vitrification-improves-embryonic-development-after-ivf-but-not-after-somatic-cell-nuclear-transfer
#9
Ji I Baek, Dong-Won Seol, Ah-Reum Lee, Woo Sik Lee, Sook-Young Yoon, Dong Ryul Lee
Levels of maturation-promoting factor (MPF) in oocytes decline after vitrification, and this decline has been suggested as one of the main causes of low developmental competence resulting from cryoinjury. Here, we evaluated MPF activity in vitrified mouse eggs following treatment with caffeine, a known stimulator of MPF activity, and/or the proteasome inhibitor MG132. Collected MII oocytes were vitrified and divided into four groups: untreated, 10 mM caffeine (CA), 10 μM MG132 (MG), and 10 mM caffeine +10 μM MG132 (CA+MG)...
November 16, 2017: Molecules and Cells
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144391/antimicrobial-peptide-epinecidin-1-modulates-myd88-protein-levels-via-the-proteasome-degradation-pathway
#10
Bor-Chyuan Su, Jyh-Yih Chen
The cationic antimicrobial peptide epinecidin-1 was identified from Epinephelus coioides and possesses multiple biological functions, including antibacterial, antifungal, anti-tumor, and immunomodulatory effects. In addition, epinecidin-1 suppresses lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammation by neutralizing LPS and ameliorating LPS/Toll-like receptor (TLR)-4 internalization. However, it is unclear whether the actions of epinecidin-1 depend on the regulation of TLR adaptor protein MyD88 or endogenous TLR signaling antagonists, which include A20, interleukin-1 receptor associated kinase (IRAK)-M, and suppressor of cytokine signaling (SOCS)-1...
November 16, 2017: Marine Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138225/androgen-signaling-expands-%C3%AE-cell-mass-in-male-rats-and-%C3%AE-cell-androgen-receptor-is-degraded-under-high-glucose-conditions
#11
Naoki Harada, Yasuhiro Yoda, Yusuke Yotsumoto, Tatsuya Masuda, Yuji Takahashi, Takahiro Katsuki, Kenji Kai, Nobuaki Shiraki, Hiroshi Inui, Ryoichi Yamaji
A deficient pancreatic β-cell mass increases the risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Here, we investigated the effects of testosterone on the development of pancreatic β-cell mass in male rats. The β-cell mass of male rats castrated at 6 weeks of age was reduced to ~30% of that of control rats at 16 weeks of age, and castration caused glucose intolerance. Loss of β-cell mass occurred due to decreases in islet density/pancreas and β-cell cluster size. Castration was negatively associated with the number of Ki67-positive β-cells and positively associated with the number of TUNEL-positive β-cells...
November 14, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128513/dihydroartemisinin-induced-caspase-dependent-apoptosis-through-inhibiting-the-specificity-protein-1-pathway-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma-sk-hep-1-cells
#12
Eunji Im, Changhwan Yeo, Hyo-Jeong Lee, Eun-Ok Lee
AIMS: Dihydroartemisinin (DHA) is a semi-synthetic derivative of artemisinin, well known for a safe and effective first-line antimalarial agent. This study investigated whether and how DHA induces apoptosis focusing on the specificity protein 1 (Sp1) pathway in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) SK-Hep-1 cells. MAIN METHODS: The cell viability was evaluated by MTT assay. Cell cycle analysis was performed after PI staining by flow cytometry system. Apoptosis was confirmed by DAPI staining and by detecting cytoplasmic histone-associated-DNA-fragments using a cell death detection ELISA(PLUS) kit...
November 8, 2017: Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107984/treatment-with-proteasome-inhibitor-bortezomib-decreases-organic-anion-transporting-polypeptide-oatp-1b3-mediated-transport-in-a-substrate-dependent-manner
#13
Khondoker Alam, Taleah Farasyn, Alexandra Crowe, Kai Ding, Wei Yue
OATP1B1 and OATP1B3 mediate hepatic uptake of many drugs (e.g., statins) and can mediate transporter-mediated drug-drug-interactions (DDIs). Bortezomib is the first-in-class proteasome inhibitor drug approved by the U. S. Food and Drug Administration for the treatment of multiple myeloma. The potential of bortezomib to cause OATP-mediated DDIs has not been assessed. The current study investigated the involvement of the ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS) in OATP1B1 and OATP1B3 degradation and determined the effects of proteasome inhibitors on OATP1B1- and OATP1B3-mediated transport...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104584/nucleolar-proteome-analysis-and-proteasomal-activity-assays-reveal-a-link-between-nucleolus-and-26s-proteasome-in-a-thaliana
#14
Charlotte Montacié, Nathalie Durut, Alison Opsomer, Denise Palm, Pascale Comella, Claire Picart, Marie-Christine Carpentier, Frederic Pontvianne, Christine Carapito, Enrico Schleiff, Julio Sáez-Vásquez
In all eukaryotic cells, the nucleolus is functionally and structurally linked to rRNA synthesis and ribosome biogenesis. This compartment contains as well factors involved in other cellular activities, but the functional interconnection between non-ribosomal activities and the nucleolus (structure and function) still remains an open question. Here, we report a novel mass spectrometry analysis of isolated nucleoli from Arabidopsis thaliana plants using the FANoS (Fluorescence Assisted Nucleolus Sorting) strategy...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102663/signaling-pathways-relevant-to-nerve-growth-factor-induced-upregulation-of-transient-receptor-potential-m8-expression
#15
Yohei Kayama, Mamoru Shibata, Tsubasa Takizawa, Keiji Ibata, Jin Nakahara, Toshihiko Shimizu, Haruki Toriumi, Michisuke Yuzaki, Norihiro Suzuki
Transient receptor potential melastatin 8 (TRPM8) is a nonselective cation channel that primarily detects the innocuous cold. In pathological conditions, TRPM8 plays a role in the development of cold hyperalgesia/allodynia. Nerve growth factor (NGF) is an important mediator involved in various pain disorders. In the present study, the NGF-TrkA pathway increased TRPM8 expression by stabilizing TRPM8 mRNA through the actions of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase and p38 MAP kinase. Moreover, c-Jun N-terminal kinase and Src tyrosine kinase were identified as a positive and negative regulator of TRPM8 expression, respectively, via post-transcriptional mechanisms independent of mRNA stabilization...
November 7, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102179/discovery-of-a-fluorescent-probe-with-hdac6-selective-inhibition
#16
Yingjie Zhang, Jin Yan, Tso-Pang Yao
There is increasing interest in discovering HDAC6 selective inhibitors as chemical probes to elucidate the biological functions of HDAC6 and ultimately as new therapeutic agents. Small-molecular fluorescent probes are widely used to detect target protein location and function, identify protein complex composition in biological processes of interest. In the present study, structural modification of the previously reported compound 4MS leads to two novel fluorescent HDAC inhibitors, 6a and 6b. Determination of IC50 values against the panel of Zn(2+) dependent HDACs (HDAC1-11) reveals that 6b is a HDAC6 selective inhibitor, which can induce hyperacetylation of tubulin but not histone H4...
December 1, 2017: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100952/effect-of-isothiocyanates-bitc-and-peitc-on-stress-protein-accumulation-protein-aggregation-and-aggresome-like-structure-formation-in-xenopus-a6-kidney-epithelial-cells
#17
Imran Khamis, John J Heikkila
Numerous studies have elucidated the health benefits of organosulfur compounds, known as isothiocyanates (ITCs), derived from cruciferous vegetables. As electrophiles, ITCs have the ability to directly bind and modify thiol-containing compounds such as glutathione and cellular protein, including tubulin. While the biochemical effects of ITCs have been well characterized, less information is available regarding their effects on the accumulation of stress-inducible heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), heat shock proteins (HSPs) and the possible formation of aggregated protein due to thiol modification...
October 31, 2017: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Toxicology & Pharmacology: CBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100331/targeting-signaling-and-apoptotic-pathways-involved-in-chemotherapeutic-drug-resistance-of-hematopoietic-cells
#18
Stephen L Abrams, Peter P Ruvolo, Vivian R Ruvolo, Giovanni Ligresti, Alberto M Martelli, Lucio Cocco, Stefano Ratti, Agostino Tafuri, Linda S Steelman, Saverio Candido, Massimo Libra, James A McCubrey
A critical problem in leukemia as well as other cancer therapies is the development of chemotherapeutic drug-resistance. We have developed models of hematopoietic drug resistance that are based on expression of dominant-negative TP53 [TP53 (DN)] or constitutively-active MEK1 [MEK1(CA)] oncogenes in the presence of chemotherapeutic drugs. In human cancer, functional TP53 activity is often lost in human cancers. Also, activation of the Raf/MEK/ERK pathway frequently occurs due to mutations/amplification of upstream components of this and other interacting pathways...
September 29, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099265/analysis-of-defective-protein-ubiquitylation-associated-to-adriamycin-resistant-cells
#19
Valérie Lang, Fabienne Aillet, Wendy Xolalpa, Sonia Serna, Laurie Ceccato, Rosa G Lopez-Reyes, Maria Paz Lopez-Mato, Radosław Januchowski, Niels-Christian Reichardt, Manuel S Rodriguez
DNA damage activated by Adriamycin (ADR) promotes ubiquitin-proteasome system-mediated proteolysis by stimulating both the activity of ubiquitylating enzymes and the proteasome. In ADR-resistant breast cancer MCF7 (MCF7(ADR)) cells, protein ubiquitylation is significantly reduced compared to the parental MCF7 cells. Here, we used tandem ubiquitin-binding entities (TUBEs) to analyze the ubiquitylation pattern observed in MCF7 or MCF7(ADR) cells. While in MCF7, the level of total ubiquitylation increased up to six-fold in response to ADR, in MCF7(ADR) cells only a two-fold response was found...
November 3, 2017: Cell Cycle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096318/sulforaphane-attenuates-postnatal-proteasome-inhibition-and-improves-spatial-learning-in-adult-mice
#20
Aditya Sunkaria, Supriya Bhardwaj, Aarti Yadav, Avishek Halder, Rajat Sandhir
Proteasomes are known to degrade proteins involved in various processes like metabolism, signal transduction, cell-cycle regulation, inflammation, and apoptosis. Evidence showed that protein degradation has a strong influence on developing neurons as well as synaptic plasticity. Here, we have shown that sulforaphane (SFN) could prevent the deleterious effects of postnatal proteasomal inhibition on spatial reference and working memory of adult mice. One day old Balb/c mice received intracerebroventricular injections of MG132 and SFN...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
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