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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169067/the-role-of-personal-resilience-and-personality-traits-of-healthcare-students-on-their-attitudes-towards-interprofessional-collaboration
#1
Michal Avrech Bar, Michal Katz Leurer, Sigalit Warshawski, Michal Itzhaki
BACKGROUND: Interprofessional collaboration (IPC) improves communication between healthcare workers and healthcare delivery. Interprofessional education (IPE) is essential in preparing healthcare students for cooperating with other healthcare disciplines in a real work setting. Although higher education settings have a responsibility to provide collaborative healthcare practice to students, IPE has not yet been prompted worldwide as a formal division in health professional education and in Israel IPE among health professions students is scarce...
November 15, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169045/optimizing-medication-use-in-elderly-people-in-primary-care-impact-of-stopp-criteria-on-inappropriate-prescriptions
#2
Gibert Prudence, Cabaret Maud, Moulis Mélanie, Jean-Luc Bosson, Boivin Jean-Emmanuel, Sebastien Chanoine, Allenet Benoit, Bedouch Pierrick, Gavazzi Gaëtan
BACKGROUND: STOPP (Screening Tool of Older Person's Prescriptions) criteria have been used in acute care and nursing home settings as a screening tool to assess Potentially Inappropriate Medication (PIM) for elderly people. Furthermore, this tool could help General Practitioners (GPs) to lower PIM frequency in primary care. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to measure the impact of STOPP criteria applied by the GP on prescriptions during a primary care consultation...
November 4, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168954/social-mobilization-for-safe-transition-from-adolescence-a-qualitative-research-in-iran
#3
Nezal Azh, Fatemeh Nahidi, Giti Ozgoli, Gelayol Ardalan
Introduction Until now, the services provided to Iranian youth have been prepared based on authorities' perspectives and according to the resources and reports from other countries and international agencies. Using youth perspectives to provide health, however, helps in continuing the process of providing health services, and most young people will receive these services. Objective To explain perception of youth and key individuals to improve health programs for safe transition in Iran. Methodology This study is a qualitative research with a grounded theory approach...
November 23, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168577/screening-for-developmental-dysplasia-of-the-hip-in-a-rural-health-district-an-analysis-of-practice
#4
Suzanne Wright, Elizabeth Cotterell, David Schmidt
OBJECTIVE: To describe hip dysplasia screening practices in a local rural health district. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study of hospital birth records, local physiotherapy records, public community health electronic medical record (Community Health Information Management Enterprise database) and a survey of local clinicians who work with infants and children. SETTING: Three rural public hospitals and community health centres in a New South Wales health district...
November 23, 2017: Australian Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166898/stakeholders-perspectives-on-the-key-components-of-community-based-interventions-coordinating-care-in-dementia-a-qualitative-systematic-review
#5
Amy Backhouse, David A Richards, Rose McCabe, Ross Watkins, Chris Dickens
BACKGROUND: Interventions aiming to coordinate services for the community-based dementia population vary in components, organisation and implementation. In this review we aimed to investigate the views of stakeholders on the key components of community-based interventions coordinating care in dementia. METHODS: We searched four databases from inception to June 2015; Medline, The Cochrane Library, EMBASE and PsycINFO, this was aided by a search of four grey literature databases, and backward and forward citation tracking of included papers...
November 22, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166394/maternity-care-for-trafficked-women-survivor-experiences-and-clinicians-perspectives-in-the-united-kingdom-s-national-health-service
#6
Debra Bick, Louise M Howard, Sian Oram, Cathy Zimmerman
BACKGROUND: Although trafficked women and adolescents are at risk of unprotected or forced sex, there is little research on maternity care among trafficking survivors. We explored health care needs, service use and challenges among women who became pregnant while in the trafficking situation in the United Kingdom (UK) and clinicians' perspectives of maternity care for trafficked persons. METHODS: Cross-sectional survey and qualitative interviews with trafficking survivors recruited from statutory and voluntary sector organisations in England and qualitative interviews with maternity clinicians and family doctors undertaken to offer further insight into experiences reported by these women...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166225/big-five-personality-factors-and-facets-as-predictors-of-openness-to-diversity
#7
Suejung Han, M Carole Pistole
Openness to diversity is a crucial component of cultural competence needed in the increasingly diversified modern society and a necessary condition for benefitting from diversity contacts and interventions (e.g., diversity training, cultural courses). Responding to the recent call for more research on personality and its relation to diversity outcomes, we examined the associations between Big Five personality (i.e., Openness to Experience, Agreeableness, Extraversion, Neuroticism, and Conscientiousness) higher order factors and lower order facets and universal-diverse orientation (i...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165934/first-rapid-assessment-of-avoidable-blindness-survey-in-the-maldives-prevalence-and-causes-of-blindness-and-cataract-surgery
#8
Ubeydulla Thoufeeq, Taraprasad Das, Hans Limburg, Maharshi Maitra, Lapam Panda, Asim Sil, John Trevelyan, Yuddha Sapkota
PURPOSE: A nationwide rapid assessment of avoidable blindness survey was undertaken in the Maldives among people aged 50 years or more to assess the prevalence and causes of blindness and visual impairment, cataract surgical coverage, cataract surgery outcome, and barriers to uptake of cataract surgical services. DESIGN: Prospective population-based study. METHODS: In the cluster sampling probability proportionate to size method, 3100 participants in 62 clusters across all 20 atolls were enrolled through house-to-house visits...
November 22, 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164607/virtual-morality-in-the-helping-professions-simulated-action-and-resilience
#9
Kathryn B Francis, Michaela Gummerum, Giorgio Ganis, Ian S Howard, Sylvia Terbeck
Recent advances in virtual technologies have allowed the investigation of simulated moral actions in aversive moral dilemmas. Previous studies have employed diverse populations to explore these actions, with little research considering the significance of occupation on moral decision-making. For the first time, in this study we have investigated simulated moral actions in virtual reality made by professionally trained paramedics and fire service incident commanders who are frequently faced with and must respond to moral dilemmas...
November 22, 2017: British Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164161/determining-the-most-important-factors-involved-in-ranking-orthopaedic-sports-medicine-fellowship-applicants
#10
Rishi Baweja, Matthew J Kraeutler, Mary K Mulcahey, Eric C McCarty
Background: Orthopaedic surgery residencies and certain fellowships are becoming increasingly competitive. Several studies have identified important factors to be taken into account when selecting medical students for residency interviews. Similar information for selecting orthopaedic sports medicine fellows does not exist. Purpose: To determine the most important factors that orthopaedic sports medicine fellowship program directors (PDs) take into account when ranking applicants...
November 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163774/integrative-analysis-of-novel-hypomethylation-and-gene-expression-signatures-in-glioblastomas
#11
Anan Yin, Amandine Etcheverry, Yalong He, Marc Aubry, Jill Barnholtz-Sloan, Luhua Zhang, Xinggang Mao, Weijun Chen, Bolin Liu, Wei Zhang, Jean Mosser, Xiang Zhang
Molecular and clinical heterogeneity critically hinders better treatment outcome for glioblastomas (GBMs); integrative analysis of genomic and epigenomic data may provide useful information for improving personalized medicine. By applying training-validation approach, we identified a novel hypomethylation signature comprising of three CpGs at non-CpG island (CGI) open sea regions for GBMs. The hypomethylation signature consistently predicted poor prognosis of GBMs in a series of discovery and validation datasets...
October 27, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163726/beyond-equality-providing-equitable-care-for-persons-with-disabilities
#12
Scott Wakeham, Sally Heung, Janet Lee, Cheryl A Sadowski
Background: Almost 14% of Canadians have a disability, and older adults are most commonly affected. People living with disabilities have challenges accessing health care services, including medications and other services provided in pharmacies. Methods: A literature review was conducted regarding disability and pharmacy services. Resources regarding accessibility were also incorporated. Results: A number of organizations provide guidance on caring for those with disabilities...
July 2017: Canadian Pharmacists Journal: CPJ, Revue des Pharmaciens du Canada: RPC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163317/a-field-experimental-design-of-a-strengths-based-training-to-overcome-academic-procrastination-short-and-long-term-effect
#13
Lennart Visser, Judith Schoonenboom, Fred A J Korthagen
This study reports on the effect of a newly developed 4-week strengths-based training approach to overcome academic procrastination, given to first-year elementary teacher education students (N = 54). The training was based on a strengths-based approach, in which elements of the cognitive behavioral approach were also used. The purpose of the training was to promote awareness of the personal strengths of students who experience academic procrastination regularly and to teach them how to use their personal strengths in situations in which they usually tend to procrastinate...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163185/orthostatic-intolerance-in-older-persons-etiology-and-countermeasures
#14
REVIEW
Nandu Goswami, Andrew P Blaber, Helmut Hinghofer-Szalkay, Jean-Pierre Montani
Orthostatic challenge produced by upright posture may lead to syncope if the cardiovascular system is unable to maintain adequate brain perfusion. This review outlines orthostatic intolerance related to the aging process, long-term bedrest confinement, drugs, and disease. Aging-associated illness or injury due to falls often leads to hospitalization. Older patients spend up to 83% of hospital admission lying in bed and thus the consequences of bedrest confinement such as physiological deconditioning, functional decline, and orthostatic intolerance represent a central challenge in the care of the vulnerable older population...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163077/revisiting-vision-rehabilitation
#15
REVIEW
Claire Meyniel, Bahram Bodaghi, Pierre-Yves Robert
Low vision is a condition caused by eye or brain disease, in which visual acuity is 20/70 (3/10 or 6/18) or poorer in the better-seeing eye and cannot be corrected or improved with regular eyeglasses. It impacts personal ability to perform vision-dependent tasks as activities of daily living, walking, reading or using a computer. Rehabilitation is a multidisciplinary training dedicated to improve patients' functional abilities and quality of life. It has to be personalized to every individual situation, whatever the underlying pathology...
2017: Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162572/protocol-a-cluster-randomised-control-trial-study-exploring-stigmatisation-and-recovery-based-perspectives-regarding-mental-illness-and-substance-use-problems-among-primary-healthcare-providers-across-toronto-ontario
#16
Akwatu Khenti, Robert Mann, Jaime C Sapag, Sireesha J Bobbili, Emily K Lentinello, Mark van der Maas, Branka Agic, Hayley Hamilton, Heather Stuart, Scott Patten, Marcos Sanches, Patrick Corrigan
INTRODUCTION: Primary care settings are often the first and only point of contact for persons with mental health and/or substance use problems. However, staff experience and training in this area are often limited. These factors as well as a multitude of other components such as structural and systemic stigma experienced by staff can lead to clients being stigmatised, leading to poorer outcomes. By developing a comprehensive intervention for primary care staff working at community health centres (CHCs) aimed at reducing stigma towards people with mental health and substance use problems (MHSUP), we sought to test an innovative and contact-based intervention consisting of staff training, raising awareness, a recovery-focused art programme and an analysis of internal policies and procedures...
November 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162119/improving-health-worker-performance-of-abortion-services-an-assessment-of-post-training-support-to-providers-in-india-nepal-and-nigeria
#17
Janie Benson, Joan Healy, Sally Dijkerman, Kathryn Andersen
BACKGROUND: Health worker performance has been the focus of numerous interventions and evaluation studies in low- and middle-income countries. Few have examined changes in individual provider performance with an intervention encompassing post-training support contacts to improve their clinical practice and resolve programmatic problems. This paper reports the results of an intervention with 3471 abortion providers in India, Nepal and Nigeria. METHODS: Following abortion care training, providers received in-person visits and virtual contacts by a clinical and programmatic support team for a 12-month period, designed to address their individual practice issues...
November 21, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161681/revisiting-task-orientated-care-oral-histories-of-former-student-nurses-in-ireland-1960-2001
#18
Anne Fallon, Toni Uí Chiardha, Teresa Meaney, Deirdre van der Putten, Miriam Brennan, Jackie Uí Chionna, Stephen Bradley, Miriam McNicholas, Siobhan Smyth
The apprenticeship model of nurse training was in place in Ireland up to the end of the twentieth century. Task orientated care was a feature of this model. It is important to examine task allocation from the student's perspective, in light of current and on-going debates regarding student nurses' supernumerary status. Both approaches influence the status of the student; as a worker with task allocation and as a learner with supernumerary status. Oral history interviews were undertaken with twelve former student nurses (1960-2001) to explore their experiences of clinical learning and task allocation...
November 8, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160482/challenges-in-the-end-of-course-paper-for-nursing-technical-training
#19
Adriana de Oliveira, Maria José Sanches Marin, Elisabete Takeda, Osni Lázaro Pinheiro
OBJECTIVE: To verify the opinion of Nursing Technical Training students on the stages of construction of the End-of-Course Paper. METHOD: A cross-sectional study with a qualitative and quantitative approach. A total of 94 students participated from a Nursing Technical course of an institution in the State of São Paulo. A questionnaire was used with assertions, followed by a "Likert Scale" and open field for additional comments. RESULTS: The students gave a positive evaluation of the stages involved in completing the paper, but negative responses regarding the time available and obligatory nature (38%)...
November 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160447/financing-of-pharmaceutical-services-in-the-municipal-management-of-the-brazilian-unified-health-system
#20
Daniel Resende Faleiros, Francisco de Assis Acurcio, Juliana Álvares, Renata Cristina Rezende Macedo do Nascimento, Ediná Alves Costa, Ione Aquemi Guibu, Orlando Mario Soeiro, Silvana Nair Leite, Margô Gomes de Oliveira Karnikowski, Karen Sarmento Costa, Augusto Afonso Guerra
OBJECTIVE: To discuss factors related to the financing of the Basic Component of Pharmaceutical Services within the municipal management of the Brazilian Unified Health System. METHODS: The Pesquisa Nacional sobre Acesso, Utilização e Promoção do Uso Racional de Medicamentos no Brasil - Serviços (PNAUM - National Survey on Access, Use and Promotion of Rational Use of Medicines - Services) is a cross-sectional, exploratory, and evaluative study that performed an information survey in a representative sample, stratified by Brazilian regions It considered different study populations in the sampling plan, which represent primary health care services in the cities...
November 13, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
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