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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214234/reablement-reactivation-rehabilitation-and-restorative-interventions-with-older-adults-in-receipt-of-home-care-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Joanie Sims-Gould, Catherine E Tong, Lutetia Wallis-Mayer, Maureen C Ashe
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the impact of reablement, reactivation, rehabilitation, and restorative (4R) programs for older adults in receipt of home care services. DESIGN: Systematic review. DATA SOURCES: We searched the following electronic bibliographic databases: MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, CINAHL (Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health), SPORTDiscus and The Cochrane Library and reference lists. STUDY SELECTION: Randomized controlled trials that describe original data on the impact of home-based rehabilitative care and were written in English...
February 14, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212652/a-mixed-methods-feasibility-study-of-nicotine-assisted-smoking-reduction-programmes-delivered-by-community-pharmacists-the-redpharm-study
#2
Amanda Farley, Sarah Tearne, Taina Taskila, Rachel H Williams, Susan Mackaskill, Jean-Francois Etter, Paul Aveyard
BACKGROUND: Pivotal trials have established that, among people who have no immediate intention to quit smoking, nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) helps people reduce and eventually stop smoking. The prime aim of this trial was to investigate the feasibility of implementing such a programme in community pharmacies. In addition, we investigated the effectiveness of providing behavioural support compared with self-help methods and of shorter compared with standard length reduction programmes...
February 17, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212481/-workplace-bullying-during-specialty-training-in-a-pediatric-hospital-in-mexico-a-little-noticed-phenomenon
#3
Ana Carolina Sepúlveda-Vildósola, Alma Rebeca Mota-Nova, Germán Enrique Fajardo-Dolci, L Isabel Reyes-Lagunes
BACKGROUND: Workplace bullying (WB) is a hostile or intimidating behavior that is practiced against workers and has a negative impact on health, job performance, and the learning process. The objective was to research WB magnitude and its associated factors in Mexico. METHODS: Mixed method study. A survey was designed and administered to all the residents in a pediatric hospital in Mexico who agreed to participate. The survey was divided in two sections: a) resident self-reported events of workplace bullying and associated factors, b) situations and factors of abuse were interrogated in a targeted manner...
2017: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210863/healthcare-professionals-response-to-intrapartum-death-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Karen McNamara, S Meaney, O O'Connell, M McCarthy, R A Greene, K O'Donoghue
BACKGROUND: Exposure to adverse perinatal events can impact on the way healthcare professionals (HCPs) provide patient care. The aim of this study was to document the experiences of HCPs following exposure to intrapartum death (IPD), to identify opinions surrounding education and suitable support strategies, and to ascertain if involvement with an IPD had any impact on clinical practice. METHODS: A questionnaire study, with open and closed questions, was developed and set in a tertiary maternity hospital...
February 17, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210291/spirometry-coming-of-age-in-africa
#5
EDITORIAL
Lindsay Zurba
A personal journey paralleling the growth of spirometry and spirometry training development in Africa http://ow.ly/kgCl3028nQf.
September 2016: Breathe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210172/effects-of-a-12-month-educational-intervention-on-outpatient-clinicians-attitudes-and-behaviors-concerning-spiritual-practices-with-patients
#6
Harold G Koenig, Kathleen Perno, Ted Hamilton
OBJECTIVE: We report here the impact of an educational training program on attitudes and practices of physicians (MDs) and mid-level practitioners (MLPs) toward controversial spiritual practices, such as practitioner-led prayer, sharing personal religious beliefs, and encouraging patients' religious beliefs. METHODS: In this single-group experimental study, 427 physicians and 93 MLPs affiliated with the Adventist Health System agreed to complete a questionnaire assessing demographics, practice characteristics, religiosity, and attitudes and behaviors at baseline, 1 month, and 12 months...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208887/sputum-collection-and-disposal-perceptions-and-practices-among-pulmonary-tuberculosis-patients-from-northern-india
#7
Abhishek Singh, Vipin Goyal, Shewtank Goel
INTRODUCTION: Even a single case of pulmonary Tuberculosis (TB) can infect many others. Hence, to ensure better control of the disease, it is imperative that all patients dispose their sputum safely. Outcomes of this study would highlight the gaps need to be bridged in order to curtail transmission of TB. AIM: To analyse and ascertain perceptions about the disease and determine the sputum collection and disposal practices followed by sputum-positive TB patients...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208800/help-seeking-in-suicidal-situations-paramount-and-yet-challenging-interactions-between-significant-others-of-suicidal-persons-and-health-care-providers
#8
Dolores Angela Castelli Dransart, Sophie Guerry
Significant others are often crucial for suicidal persons or suicide attempters' access to care, yet little is known about their efforts to seek help. This article presents the findings of a qualitative pilot study carried out in Switzerland on the help-seeking process of 18 significant others, their perception of the care received by their loved one, and the interactions and collaboration they experienced with professionals. Most significant others repeatedly sought out support for their loved one and themselves...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208581/macronutrient-intakes-in-553-dutch-elite-and-sub-elite-endurance-team-and-strength-athletes-does-intake-differ-between-sport-disciplines
#9
Floris Wardenaar, Naomi Brinkmans, Ingrid Ceelen, Bo Van Rooij, Marco Mensink, Renger Witkamp, Jeanne De Vries
Web-based 24-h dietary recalls and questionnaires were obtained from 553 Dutch well-trained athletes. The total energy and macronutrient intake was compared between discipline-categories (endurance, team, and strength) within gender, and dietary inadequacy, i.e., too low or high intakes, according to selected recommendations and guidelines, was evaluated by applying a probability approach. On average, 2.83 days per person were reported with a mean energy intake of 2566-2985 kcal and 1997-2457 kcal per day, for men and women, respectively...
February 10, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207966/relationship-between-the-length-of-the-forefoot-bones-and-performance-in-male-sprinters
#10
Takahiro Tanaka, Tadashi Suga, Mitsuo Ohtsuka, Jun Misaki, Yuto Miyake, Shoma Kudo, Akinori Nagano, Tadao Isaka
Although recent studies have reported that the forefoot bones are longer in sprinters than in non-sprinters, these reports included a relatively small number of subjects. Moreover, while computer simulation suggested that longer forefoot bones may contribute to higher sprint performance by enhancing plantar flexor moment during sprinting, the correlation between forefoot bone length and sprint performance in humans has not been confirmed in observational studies. Thus, using a relatively large sample, we compared the length of the forefoot bones between sprinters and non-sprinters...
February 16, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207399/motor-unit-potential-jitter-a-new-measure-of-neuromuscular-transmission-instability
#11
Meena AbdelMaseeh, Daniel Stashuk
OBJECTIVE: A new measure of neuromuscular transmission instability, motor unit potential (MUP) jitter, is introduced. MUP jitter can be estimated quickly using motor unit potential trains (MUPTs) extracted from electromyographic (EMG) signals acquired using conventional clinical equipment and needle EMG electrodiagnostic protocols. The primary motivation for developing MUP jitter is to avoid the technical demands associated with estimating jitter using conventional single fibre EMG techniques...
February 9, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207347/introduction-to-the-special-section-on-teaching-training-and-supervision-in-personality-and-psychological-assessment
#12
Justin D Smith
This special section contains empirical and conceptual articles pertaining to the broad topic of teaching, training, and supervision of assessment. Despite some evidence of a decline in recent decades, assessment remains a defining practice of professional psychologists in many subfields, including clinical, counseling, school, and neuropsychology, that consumes a consequential proportion of their time. To restore assessment to its rightful place of prominence, a clear agenda needs to be developed for advancing teaching and training methods, increasing instruction to state-of-the-art methods, and defining aims that could be elucidated through empirical inquiry...
March 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207346/the-implications-for-health-care-commentary-on-the-special-section-on-teaching-training-and-supervision-in-personality-and-psychological-assessment
#13
Elena J Eisman, Katherine Nordal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207345/a-competency-focused-commentary-on-the-special-section-on-teaching-training-and-supervision-in-personality-and-psychological-assessment
#14
Nadine J Kaslow, Glenn J Egan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206834/study-of-the-levels-of-human-human-and-human-animal-empathy-in-veterinary-medical-students-from-chile
#15
Javiera Calderón-Amor, Daniela Luna-Fernández, Tamara Tadich
Social relationships are based on our ability to put ourselves in the place of others, and from there to react appropriately and logically. This empathic ability can be extended to other species, based on the human ability to develop techniques to understand and communicate with animals. In education, the benefits of training professionals with ethical and empathic tools are known. Gender, diet, past experiences, and other factors can modify a person's levels of empathy toward humans and animals, and a relationship exists between both types of empathy...
2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206832/veterinary-students-perspectives-on-resilience-and-resilience-building-strategies
#16
Jenny E Moffett, David J Bartram
In recent years, resilience has been lauded as a valuable, even necessary, facet of an effective veterinary practitioner. This study describes a mixed-methods research exploration of the impact of a self-care and mental well-being teaching intervention on the self-reported resilience of 105 first-year veterinary students enrolled at the School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Surrey, UK. Quantitative data were obtained through a questionnaire, the 10-item Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC 10), which students completed before and after the teaching intervention...
2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203115/medical-internship-training-in-saudi-arabia-interns-views-and-perceptions
#17
Ali I Swaid, Abdelkhalig H Elhilu, Mohamed S Mahfouz
BACKGROUND: Internship training offers an important opportunity for personal development and career planning. However, there are many factors affecting the efficiency of training, and the views of interns are rarely considered. The main objective of this study was to explore the views of interns enrolled in Jazan University internship program during the year 2015. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A web-based cross-sectional study was conducted in the Jazan region, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, during the academic year 2015...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28201835/short-term-and-working-memory-treatments-for-improving-sentence-comprehension-in-aphasia-a-review-and-a-replication-study
#18
Christos Salis, Faustina Hwang, David Howard, Nicole Lallini
Although the roles of verbal short-term and working memory on spoken sentence comprehension skills in persons with aphasia have been debated for many years, the development of treatments to mitigate verbal short-term and working memory deficits as a way of improving spoken sentence comprehension is a new avenue in treatment research. In this article, we review and critically appraise this emerging evidence base. We also present new data from five persons with aphasia of a replication of a previously reported treatment that had resulted in some improvement of spoken sentence comprehension in a person with aphasia...
February 2017: Seminars in Speech and Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198565/training-nonnursing-staff-to-assist-with-nutritional-care-delivery-in-nursing-homes-a-cost-effectiveness-analysis
#19
Sandra F Simmons, Emily K Hollingsworth, Emily A Long, Xulei Liu, Matthew S Shotwell, Emmett Keeler, Ruopeng An, Heidi J Silver
OBJECTIVES: To determine the effect and cost-effectiveness of training nonnursing staff to provide feeding assistance for nutritionally at-risk nursing home (NH) residents. DESIGN: Randomized, controlled trial. SETTING: Five community NHs. PARTICIPANTS: Long-stay NH residents with an order for caloric supplementation (N = 122). INTERVENTION: Research staff provided an 8-hour training curriculum to nonnursing staff...
February 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198196/isolating-the-unique-effects-of-the-unified-protocol-treatment-modules-using-single-case-experimental-design
#20
Shannon Sauer-Zavala, Clair Cassiello-Robbins, Laren R Conklin, Jacqueline R Bullis, Johanna Thompson-Hollands, Katherine A Kennedy
The Unified Protocol (UP) for the Transdiagnostic Treatment of Emotional Disorders is a cognitive-behavioral intervention designed to treat the range of anxiety, depressive, and related disorders. Thus far, the UP treatment modules have only been studied when they are delivered in their entirety and presented in a standard sequence. To personalize the presentation of the UP modules for a given patient's presentation (e.g., providing the modules in a varied order, dropping irrelevant modules), it is first necessary to establish that each module leads to change in the skill it is designed to promote, and that these changes can occur in the absence of the other modules...
March 2017: Behavior Modification
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