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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107158/human-trafficking-in-areas-of-conflict-health-care-professionals-duty-to-act
#1
Christina Bloem, Rikki E Morris, Makini Chisolm-Straker
Given the significant global burden of human trafficking, the ability of clinicians to identify and provide treatment for trafficked persons is critical. Particularly in conflict settings, health care facilities often serve as the first and sometimes only point of contact for trafficked persons. As such, medical practitioners have a unique opportunity and an ethical imperative to intervene, even in nonclinical roles. With proper training, medical practitioners can assist trafficked persons by documenting human trafficking cases, thereby placing pressure on key stakeholders to enforce legal protections, and by providing adequate services to those trafficked...
January 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105764/supporting-women-with-postpartum-anxiety-exploring-views-and-experiences-of-specialist-community-public-health-nurses-in-the-uk
#2
Miriam T Ashford, Susan Ayers, Ellinor K Olander
Anxiety is common among postpartum women and can have adverse effects on mother's and child's somatic and psychological health if left untreated. In the UK, nurses or midwifes with a specialisation in community public health nursing, also called health visitors (HVs), work with families who have children younger than 5 years of age and are therefore in a key position to identify and support women with postpartum mental health issues. Until recently, postpartum mental health support provided by HVs mainly focused on identifying and managing depression, but the updated clinical guidance by the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence also includes guidance regarding screening and psychological interventions for perinatal anxiety...
January 20, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105690/equip-training-the-trainers-an-evaluation-of-a-training-programme-for-service-users-and-carers-involved-in-training-mental-health-professionals-in-user-involved-care-planning
#3
C Fraser, A Grundy, O Meade, P Callaghan, K Lovell
: WHAT IS KNOWN ON THE SUBJECT?: UK NHS policy highlights the importance of user and carer involvement in health professional training. We know little about service user and carer motivations and experiences of accessing training courses for delivering training to health professionals and how well such courses prepare them for delivering training to healthcare professionals. 'Involvement' in training has often been tokenistic and too narrowly focused on preregistration courses. There is limited data on how best to prepare and support potential service user and carer trainers...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103562/a-decision-support-system-for-tele-monitoring-copd-related-worrisome-events
#4
Mario Merone, Claudio Pedone, Giuseppe Capasso, Raffaele Antonelli Incalzi, Paolo Soda
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is a preventable, treatable and slowly progressive disease, whose course is aggravated by a periodic worsening of symptoms and lung function lasting for several days. The development of home telemonitoring systems has made possible to collect symptoms and physiological data in electronic records, boosting the development of decision support systems (DSSs). Current DSSs work with physiological measurements collected by means of several measuring and communication devices as well as with symptoms gathered by questionnaires submitted to COPD subjects...
January 17, 2017: IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103419/family-presence-during-resuscitation-a-double-edged-sword
#5
Hadi Hassankhani, Vahid Zamanzadeh, Azad Rahmani, Hamidreza Haririan, Joanne E Porter
PURPOSE: To illuminate the meaning of the lived experiences of resuscitation team members with the presence of the patient's family during resuscitation in the cultural context of Iran. DESIGN: An interpretative phenomenology was used to discover the lived experiences of the nurses and physicians of Tabriz hospitals, Iran, with family presence during resuscitation (FPDR). A total of 12 nurses and 9 physicians were interviewed over a 6-month period. METHODS: The interviews were audio recorded and semistructured, and were transcribed verbatim...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103192/audio-visual-speaker-diarization-based-on-spatiotemporal-bayesian-fusion
#6
Israel Gebru, Sileye Ba, Xiaofei Li, Radu Horaud
Speaker diarization consists of assigning speech signals to people engaged in a dialogue. An audio-visual spatiotemporal diarization model is proposed. The model is well suited for challenging scenarios that consist of several participants engaged in multi-party interaction while they move around and turn their heads towards the other participants rather than facing the cameras and the microphones. Multiple-person visual tracking is combined with multiple speech-source localization in order to tackle the speech-to-person association problem...
January 5, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101556/time-for-food-training-physiatrists-in-nutritional-prescription
#7
Rani Polak, Marie Dacey, Edward M Phillips
INTRODUCTION: Sub-optimal nutrition is a leading factor in all-cause mortality, the preponderance of non-communicable chronic diseases, and various health conditions that are treated by physiatrists, such as stroke and musculoske-letal disorders. Furthermore, patients with chronic pain have a high prevalence of nutritional deficiencies, and malnutrition has been associated with limited rehabilitation outcomes in elderly patients with hospital-associated deconditioning. Thus, physiatrists may find it valuable to include nutrition in their patient services...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100291/systematic-review-of-neuropsychological-rehabilitation-for-prospective-memory-deficits-as-a-consequence-of-acquired-brain-injury
#8
Steven Mahan, Rebecca Rous, Anna Adlam
OBJECTIVES: Prospective memory (PM) impairments are common following acquired brain injury (ABI). PM is the ability to keep a goal in mind for future action and interventions have the potential to increase independence. This review aimed to evaluate studies examining PM rehabilitation approaches in adults and children with ABI. METHODS: Relevant literature was identified using PsycARTICLES (1894 to present), PsycINFO (1880 to present), the Cochrane Library (1972 to present), MEDLINE PubMed, reference lists from relevant journal articles, and searches of key journals...
January 19, 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100086/tracking-down-a-solution-exploring-the-acceptability-and-value-of-wearable-gps-devices-for-older-persons-individuals-with-a-disability-and-their-support-persons
#9
Brittany Williamson, Tammy Aplin, Desleigh de Jonge, Matthew Goyne
PURPOSE: To explore the acceptability and value of three wearable GPS devices for older persons and individuals with a disability and safety concerns when accessing the community. METHODS: This pilot study explored six wearers' and their support persons' experience of using three different wearable GPS devices (a pendant, watch, and mini GPS phone), each for a two-week period. RESULTS: Participants identified safety as the main value of using a wearable GPS device...
January 18, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098513/attrition-and-retention-in-upper-limb-prosthetics-research-experience-of-the-va-home-study-of-the-deka-arm
#10
Linda Resnik, Shana Klinger
PURPOSE: (1) Describe study attrition; (2) identify reasons for attrition, and (3) discuss implications for prosthetic prescription and design of future device studies. Design and methodological procedures used: Completion phase (during in-laboratory training, after training, or home use) was identified for 42 participants. Qualitative data were analyzed to identify attrition reasons. Reasons were classified as related to the DEKA arm, or not. RESULTS: Study attrition was 57%, with 43% completing the full study...
January 18, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097997/the-4c-framework-for-making-reasonable-adjustments-for-people-with-learning-disabilities
#11
Daniel Marsden, Rachel Giles
Background People with learning disabilities experience significant inequalities in accessing healthcare. Legal frameworks, such as the Equality Act 2010, are intended to reduce such disparities in care, and require organisations to make 'reasonable adjustments' for people with disabilities, including learning disabilities. However, reasonable adjustments are often not clearly defined or adequately implemented in clinical practice. Aim To examine and synthesise the challenges in caring for people with learning disabilities to develop a framework for making reasonable adjustments for people with learning disabilities in hospital...
January 18, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096869/short-term-psychiatric-rehabilitation-in-major-depressive-and-bipolar-disorders-neuropsychological-psychosocial-outcomes
#12
Giampaolo Perna, Silvia Daccò, Ferdinando Sacco, Wilma Micieli, Paolo Cavedini, Daniela Caldirola
OBJECTIVE: Our pilot study aims to investigate the efficacy of a Short-Term (4 weeks) Psychiatric Rehabilitation Program (S-T PsyRP), without specific cognitive remediation trainings, on the neuropsychological performance and psychosocial functioning of inpatients with Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) or Bipolar Disorder (BD). Published studies with similar aims are lacking. METHODS: Fifty-three inpatients with MDD and 27 with BD (type I/II) were included. The S-T PsyRP was usually performed as clinical practice at Villa San Benedetto Menni Hospital and included a variety of activities aimed at promoting personal autonomies, interpersonal/social skills, and self-care...
January 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096752/we-can-be-heroes-mla-s-leadership-journey-s
#13
Mary Joan M J Tooey
OBJECTIVE: Are there key attributes of leaders? Extrovert versus introvert? Charismatic? Detail oriented? Visionary? How do past leaders of the Medical Library Association (MLA) stack up? What leadership skills will MLA's leaders need in a complex information future? Leadership attributes of MLA's past and current presidents were studied to determine the common characteristics shared among these leaders. An examination of the leadership literature identified critical leadership characteristics essential to successful future leaders...
January 2017: Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096706/balancing-standardized-testing-with-personalized-training-in-surgery
#14
REVIEW
Aadil Ahmed, Muhammad Abbas Abid, Nasir I Bhatti
Students pursuing a medical career in the US are subject to standardized testing at regular intervals. These standardized tests not only quantify the milestones students have already achieved, but also define the path for future achievements. The purpose of these examinations is to help students become self-directed, lifelong learners - an essential attribute of a medical professional. However, whether preparing for these examinations actually makes students such disciplined learners needs to be examined. Especially during residency training with its limited time and unpredictable exposure, trainees must learn in the most efficient way for their learning styles, and thus develop attributes that will be helpful to them in their medical career...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096065/patient-specific-predictive-modeling-using-random-forests-an-observational-study-for-the-critically-ill
#15
Joon Lee
BACKGROUND: With a large-scale electronic health record repository, it is feasible to build a customized patient outcome prediction model specifically for a given patient. This approach involves identifying past patients who are similar to the present patient and using their data to train a personalized predictive model. Our previous work investigated a cosine-similarity patient similarity metric (PSM) for such patient-specific predictive modeling. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study is to investigate the random forest (RF) proximity measure as a PSM in the context of personalized mortality prediction for intensive care unit (ICU) patients...
January 17, 2017: JMIR Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095844/barriers-and-facilitators-of-help-seeking-among-unemployed-persons-with-mental-health-problems-a-qualitative-study
#16
Tobias Staiger, Tamara Waldmann, Nicolas Rüsch, Silvia Krumm
BACKGROUND: Unemployed people with mental health problems often do not use mental health services and therefore do not benefit from available therapies. As unemployed individuals outside the healthcare system are a hard-to-reach group, barriers to and facilitators of mental health service use are poorly understood. The purpose of this study was to identify barriers to and facilitators of help-seeking and service use based on experiences of unemployed people with mental health problems...
January 17, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095827/lessons-learned-from-the-london-exercise-and-pregnant-leap-smokers-randomised-controlled-trial-process-evaluation-implications-for-the-design-of-physical-activity-for-smoking-cessation-interventions-during-pregnancy
#17
Nikoletta Giatras, Elisabeth Wanninkhof, Miranda Leontowitsch, Beth Lewis, Adrian Taylor, Sue Cooper, Michael Ussher
BACKGROUND: The challenges of delivering interventions for pregnant smokers have been poorly documented. Also, the process of promoting a physical activity intervention for pregnant smokers has not been previously recorded. This study describes the experiences of researchers conducting a randomised controlled trial of physical activity as an aid to smoking cessation during pregnancy and explores how the effectiveness of future interventions could be improved. METHODS: Two focus groups, with independent facilitators, were conducted with six researchers who had enrolled pregnant smokers in the LEAP trial, provided the interventions, and administered the research measures...
January 17, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095787/the-effects-of-habitual-functional-training-on-physical-functioning-in-patients-after-hip-fracture-the-protocol-of-the-hipfrac-study
#18
Kristi Elisabeth Heiberg, Vigdis Bruun-Olsen, Astrid Bergland
BACKGROUND: The survivors after hip fracture often report severe pain and loss of physical functioning. The poor outcomes cause negative impact on the person's physical functioning and quality of life and put a financial burden on society. Rehabilitation is important to improve physical functioning after hip fracture. To maintain the continuity in rehabilitation we have an assumption that it is of utmost importance to continue and progress the functional training that already started at the hospital, while the patients are transferred to short-term stays in a nursing home before they are returning to home...
January 17, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095585/clinical-nursing-leadership-education-in-long-term-care-intervention-design-and-evaluation
#19
Valerie Fiset, Tracy Luciani, Alyssa Hurtubise, Theresa L Grant
The main objective of the current case study was to investigate the perceived leadership learning needs and feasibility of delivering leadership education to registered staff involved in direct care in long-term care (LTC) homes. The study was conducted in Ontario, Canada, and participants included RNs, registered practical nurses, and nursing administrators. Phase 1 bilingual web-based survey and bilingual focus group needs assessment data supported a preference for external training along with in-house mentoring to support sustainability...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095106/gender-differences-in-static-and-dynamic-postural-stability-of-soldiers-of-the-army-s-101st-airborne-division-air-assault
#20
Timothy C Sell, Mita T Lovalekar, Takashi Nagai, Michael D Wirt, John P Abt, Scott M Lephart
CONTEXT: Postural stability is essential for injury prevention and performance. Differences between genders may affect training focus. OBJECTIVE: To examine static and dynamic postural stability (PS) in male and female Soldiers Design: Descriptive Laboratory Study. SETTING: Biomechanics laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-five healthy female Soldiers (26.4 ± 5.3 years) and twenty-five healthy male Soldiers (26.4 ± 4.9) years matched on physical demand rating, and years of service from the Army's 101st Airborne Division (Air Assault)...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
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