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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933356/-injury-to-the-upper-limbs-and-prevention-in-equestrian-sports
#1
C Schröter, M Bielefeld, D Bielefeld, C Macke, C Winkelmann, P Mommsen, C Krettek, C Zeckey
The upper limb is one of the most frequently injured body regions in equestrian sports, but it is unclear which injuries are involved, and there are no data on the associated accident mechanism. The present study is aimed at evaluating the accident mechanisms, injuries of the upper limbs, and the circumstances of the accident in equestrian sports. We included 218 patients who were all treated between 2006 and 2014 at the level I trauma center at the Medical University in Hannover because of equestrian-related accidents...
December 8, 2016: Der Unfallchirurg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930278/for-love-not-money-the-financial-implications-of-surgical-fellowship-training
#2
Paul M Inclan, Adam S Hyde, Michael Hulme, Jeffrey E Carter
Surgical residents cite increased income potential as a motivation for pursuing fellowship training, despite little evidence supporting this perception. Thus, our goal is to quantify the financial impact of surgical fellowship training on financial career value. By using Medical Group Management Association and Association of American Medical Colleges physician income data, and accounting for resident salary, student debt, a progressive tax structure, and forgone wages associated with prolonged training, we generated a net present value (NPV) for both generalist and subspecialist surgeons...
September 2016: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928214/enhancing-collegiate-women-s-soccer-psychosocial-and-performance-outcomes-by-promoting-intrinsic-sources-of-sport-enjoyment
#3
Scott P Barnicle, Damon Burton
This study examined the effectiveness of an applied mental skills training (MST) intervention utilizing mental skills to enhance intrinsic sources of enjoyment (ISOEs) as a means of promoting self-confidence, motivational style, and athletic performance, while also decreasing trait anxiety. The intervention project was designed to increase intrinsic SOE using a systematic and individualized mental training protocol, and then examine its relationships to mental skills and soccer performance. A Division 1 collegiate women's soccer team was randomly assigned to treatment (n = 8) and control (n = 11) groups, equally distributed by academic year, position, and pre-season coach-evaluated starters and non-starts...
December 2016: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928207/the-agt-gene-m235t-polymorphism-and-response-of-power-related-variables-to-aerobic-training
#4
Zarębska Aleksandra, Jastrzębski Zbigniew, Moska Waldemar, Leońska-Duniec Agata, Kaczmarczyk Mariusz, Sawczuk Marek, Maciejewska-Skrendo Agnieszka, Żmijewski Piotr, Ficek Krzysztof, Trybek Grzegorz, Lulińska-Kuklik Ewelina, Ekaterina A Semenova, Ildus I Ahmetov, Cięszczyk Paweł
The C allele of the M235T (rs699) polymorphism of the AGT gene correlates with higher levels of angiotensin II and has been associated with power and strength sport performance. The aim of the study was to investigate whether or not selected power-related variables and their response to a 12-week program of aerobic dance training are modulated by the AGT M235T genotype in healthy participants. Two hundred and one Polish Caucasian women aged 21 ± 1 years met the inclusion criteria and were included in the study...
December 2016: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928199/association-of-anxiety-related-polymorphisms-with-sports-performance-in-chilean-long-distance-triathletes-a-pilot-study
#5
Jorge A Sanhueza, Tomás Zambrano, Carlos Bahamondes-Avila, Luis A Salazar
Different factors affecting athletic performance are well established: intensity and type of training, anthropometric characteristics as well as an important psychological component. However, the contribution of the genetic background has been less investigated. The aim of the present study was to investigate the influence of polymorphisms within genes associated with stress and anxiety (5HTT, CRH2R, ACE, NK1R, 5HT1AR and CRF-BP) on the physical capability and sports performance in triathletes. One hundred and ninety two (192) unrelated Chilean triathletes who participated in the 2014 70...
December 2016: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923448/fit-with-good-fat-the-role-of-n-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-on-exercise-performance
#6
REVIEW
Mariasole Da Boit, Angus M Hunter, Stuart R Gray
N-3 PUFA (n-3) polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) are a family of fatty acids mainly found in oily fish and fish oil supplements. The effects of n-3 PUFA on health are mainly derived from its anti-inflammatory proprieties and its influence on immune function. Lately an increased interest in n-3 PUFA supplementation has reached the world of sport nutrition, where the majority of athletes rely on nutrition strategies to improve their training and performance. A vast amount of attention is paid in increasing metabolic capacity, delaying the onset of fatigue, and improving muscle hypertrophy and neuromuscular function...
January 2017: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923322/international-medallists-and-non-medallists-developmental-sport-activities-a-matched-pairs-analysis
#7
Arne Güllich
The study examined developmental participation patterns of international top athletes. Pairs of 83 international medallists (including 38 Olympic/World Champions) and 83 non-medallists were matched by sport, age and gender. A questionnaire recorded their volume of organised (coach-led) practice/training in their respective main sport and in other sports through childhood, adolescence and adulthood, and also involvement in non-organised (peer-led) sport activity. Analyses revealed that the medallists started practice/training in their main sport at an older age than non-medallists and accumulated slightly, but significantly less main-sport practice/training through childhood/adolescence...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918675/biomechanics-in-paralympics-implications-for-performance
#8
Floor Morriën, Matthew J D Taylor, Florentina J Hettinga
PURPOSE: To provide an overview of biomechanical studies in Paralympic research and their relevance for performance in Paralympic sports. METHODS: Search terms ' Paralympic Biomechanics', 'Paralympic Sport Performance', 'Paralympic Athlete Performance', and Paralympic Athlete' were entered into the electronic database PubMed. RESULTS: Thirty-four studies were included. Biomechanical studies in Paralympics mainly contributed to performance enhancement by technical optimization (n=32) and/or injury prevention (n=6)...
December 5, 2016: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918673/predictive-indicators-of-overuse-injuries-in-adolescent-endurance-athletes
#9
Daniel Martínez-Silván, Jaime Díaz-Ocejo, Andrew Murray
PURPOSE: To analyse the influence of training exposure and the utility of self-report questionnaires on predicting overuse injuries in adolescent endurance athletes. METHODS: 5 adolescent male endurance athletes (15.7 ± 1.4 yr) from a full-time sports academy answered 2 questionnaires (Recovery Cue; RC-q & Oslo Sports Trauma Research questionnaire; OSTRC-q) on a weekly basis for one season (37 wks) in order to detect (1) signs of overtraining and under-recovery (RC-q) and (2) early symptoms of lower limb injuries (OSTRC-q)...
December 5, 2016: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918666/quantification-of-training-and-competition-loads-in-endurance-sports-methods-and-applications
#10
Iñigo Mujika
Training quantification is basic to evaluate an endurance athlete's responses to the training loads, ensure adequate stress/recovery balance and determine the relationship between training and performance. Quantifying both external and internal workload is important, because the external workload does not measure the biological stress imposed by the exercise sessions. Generally used quantification methods include retrospective questionnaires, diaries, direct observation and physiological monitoring, often based on the measurement of oxygen uptake, heart rate and blood lactate concentration...
December 5, 2016: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918664/modern-techniques-and-technologies-applied-to-training-and-performance-monitoring
#11
William A Sands, Ashley A Kavanaugh, Steven R Murray, Jeni R McNeal, Monèm Jemni
Athlete preparation and performance continues to increase in complexity and costs. Modern coaches are shifting from reliance on personal memory, experience, and opinion to evidence from collected training load data. Training load monitoring may hold vital information for developing systems of monitoring that follow the training process with such precision that both performance prediction and day-to-day management of training become an adjunct to preparation and performance. Time series data collection and analyses in sport are still in their infancy with considerable efforts being applied in "big-data" analytics and models of the appropriate variables to monitor and methods for doing so...
December 5, 2016: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918659/importance-of-various-training-load-measures-on-injury-incidence-of-professional-rugby-league-athletes
#12
Heidi R Thornton, Jace A Delaney, Grant M Duthie, Ben J Dascombe
PURPOSE: To investigate the ability of various internal and external training load (TL) monitoring measures to predict injury incidence amongst positional groups within professional rugby league athletes. METHODS: TL and injury data were collected across 3 seasons (2013-2015) from twenty-five players competing in the National Rugby League competition. Daily TL data were included in the analysis, including session rating of perceived exertion (sRPE-TL), total distance (TD), high-speed running distance (HSD; >5m·s(-1)) and high-metabolic power distance (HPD; >20 W·kg(-1))...
December 5, 2016: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917452/epidemiology-of-muay-thai-fight-related-injuries
#13
Stephen Strotmeyer, Jeffrey H Coben, Anthony Fabio, Thomas Songer, Maria Brooks
BACKGROUND: Muay Thai is a combat sport of Thailand that uses stand-up striking along with various clinching techniques. Currently, little is known about the injuries and risk factors for injuries among Muay Thai fighters. Gaining more insight into the nature and frequency of injury in this sport provides part of the overall sports injury picture, within the larger burden of injury as a public health issue. Generating this information is a critical first step toward the broader goal of improving the health and safety of Muay Thai fighters engaged in competition...
December 2016: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914309/unique-approach-to-sensorimotor-training-with-a-new-device-combining-air-cushion-with-stochastic-translations-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#14
Christian Mittermaier, Maximilian Schindler, Benjamin Loader, Thomas Waldhoer, Clemens Ambrozy, Richard Crevenna, Karin Pieber
Sensorimotor training with a wide variety of available devices represents an important component in rehabilitation and prevention of different sports injuries and chronic diseases. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of a sensorimotor training with a newly developed device, which consists of an instable platform moving on an air cushion, providing dynamic balance training by tilting and unanticipated stochastic translations on postural control. Seventy-two healthy young subjects were included in this prospective, randomized, controlled, and observer-blinded study...
November 25, 2016: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912040/patient-reported-outcomes-measurement-information-system-physical-function-item-bank-version-1-0-physical-function-assessment-for-athletic-patient-populations
#15
Leif P Madsen, Todd A Evans, Kelli R Snyder, Carrie L Docherty
CONTEXT: The Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) item banks have been validated for general populations, but their application to high-functioning patient populations remains speculative. OBJECTIVE: To examine the measurement properties of the PROMIS physical function item bank, version 1.0, when applied to individuals representing high levels of physical ability. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I and III collegiate athletic training rooms and intramural events...
September 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909422/the-role-of-medial-frontal-cortex-in-action-anticipation-in-professional-badminton-players
#16
Huan Xu, Pin Wang, Zhuo'er Ye, Xin Di, Guiping Xu, Lei Mo, Huiyan Lin, Hengyi Rao, Hua Jin
Some studies show that the medial frontal cortex is associated with more skilled action anticipation, while similar findings are not observed in some other studies, possibly due to the stimuli employed and the participants used as the control group. In addition, no studies have investigated whether there is any functional connectivity between the medial frontal cortex and other brain regions in more skilled action anticipation. Therefore, the present study aimed to re-investigate how the medial frontal cortex is involved in more skilled action anticipation by circumventing the limitations of previous research and to investigate that the medial frontal cortex functionally connected with other brain regions involved in action processing in more skilled action anticipation...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909408/reliability-validity-and-usefulness-of-30-15-intermittent-fitness-test-in-female-soccer-players
#17
Nedim Čović, Eldin Jelešković, Haris Alić, Izet Rađo, Erduan Kafedžić, Goran Sporiš, Daniel T McMaster, Zoran Milanović
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to examine the reliability, validity and usefulness of the 30-15IFT in competitive female soccer players. METHODS: Seventeen elite female soccer players participated in the study. A within subject test-retest study design was utilized to assess the reliability of the 30-15 intermittent fitness test (IFT). Seven days prior to 30-15IFT, subjects performed a continuous aerobic running test (CT) under laboratory conditions to assess the criterion validity of the 30-15IFT. End running velocity (VCT and VIFT), peak heart rate (HRpeak) and maximal oxygen consumption (VO2max) were collected and/or estimated for both tests...
2016: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903346/-effect-of-snow-sports-on-knee-cartilage-maturation-in-children-and-adolescent-with-mri-quantitative-analysis-zhang
#18
B T Zhang, L Liu, J Zheng, Y M Dai, S N Yu, G F Liu, L Liu
Objective: To evaluate the effect of snow sports to the knee cartilage maturation of children and adolescent with quantitative analysis of 3.0 T MRI. Methods: Twenty children and adolescent who underwent snow sports training more than 6 months (11 males and 9 females) were recruited and named with sports group, and twenty children and adolescent who live regularly without any exercise (10 males and 10 females) were recruited as control group from June 2014 to June 2015.Each group was divided into subgroups according to their gender...
November 22, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902891/computerized-agility-training-improves-change-of-direction-and-balance-performance-independently-of-footwear-in-young-adults
#19
Max R Paquette, Brian K Schilling, Joshua D Bravo, Shelby A Peel, Yuhua Li, Robert J Townsend
: Understanding the effects of training in different footwear on sporting performance would be useful to coaches and athletes. PURPOSE: This study compared the effects of computerized agility training using 3 types of footwear on change-of-direction and balance performance in young adults. METHOD: Thirty recreationally active young adults (Mage = 22.8 ± 3.1 years; Mheight = 1.71 ± 0.7 m; Mbodymass = 73.4 ± 10.3 kg) were randomly assigned to a 6-week computerized agility training intervention in 1 of 3 footwear groups (n = 10/group): barefoot, minimal footwear, or traditional shoes...
November 30, 2016: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900708/can-posterior-capsular-stretching-rehabilitation-protocol-change-scapula-kinematics-in-asymptomatic-baseball-pitchers
#20
A Pellegrini, P Tonino, D Salazar, K Hendrix, I Parel, A Cutti, P Paladini, F Ceccarelli, G Porcellini
PURPOSE: Scapular dyskinesis is a recognized cause of shoulder pain in the throwing shoulder of baseball pitchers and athletes who participate in overhead sports. Past studies have assessed scapular kinematics using electromagnetic tracking devices and have shown a correlation between posterior shoulder tightness and forward scapular posture. The purpose of our study is to evaluate the scapular kinematics, before and after a 4-week posterior stretching protocol in asymptomatic pitchers...
December 2016: Musculoskeletal Surgery
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