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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786945/a-comparative-study-of-dietary-habits-and-nutritional-intakes-among-korean-adults-according-to-current-depression-status
#1
Yuri Seo, Youjin Je
INTRODUCTION: Data regarding the association between depression and dietary factors in Korean adults are limited. We hypothesized that Korean men and women with depression would have poorer nutritional intakes and different dietary habits than those without depression. METHODS: This study was based on data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey conducted during 2012 to 2014. Overall, 10 591 subjects (4308 men, 6529 women) aged 19 to 64 years were selected and categorized according to current depression status...
May 21, 2018: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786896/diagnostic-accuracy-of-bioelectrical-impedance-analysis-parameters-for-the-evaluation-of-malnutrition-in-patients-receiving-hemodialysis
#2
Angela Teodósio da Silva, Daniela Barbieri Hauschild, Yara Maria Franco Moreno, João Luiz Dornelles Bastos, Elisabeth Wazlawik
BACKGROUND: In the absence of a gold standard technique for assessing nutrition status in patients receiving hemodialysis (HD), we aimed to determine the diagnostic accuracy of single-frequency (50 kHz) bioelectrical impedance analysis parameters, resistance/height (R/H), reactance/height (Xc/H), and impedance/height (Z/H), and their cutoff points for malnutrition. METHODS: The reference standards, Subjective Global Assessment (SGA), Malnutrition Inflammation Score, and Nutritional Risk Screening 2002, were performed at baseline and then once a year for 2 years...
May 22, 2018: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786848/annual-report-to-the-nation-on-the-status-of-cancer-part-i-national-cancer-statistics
#3
Kathleen A Cronin, Andrew J Lake, Susan Scott, Recinda L Sherman, Anne-Michelle Noone, Nadia Howlader, S Jane Henley, Robert N Anderson, Albert U Firth, Jiemin Ma, Betsy A Kohler, Ahmedin Jemal
BACKGROUND: The American Cancer Society (ACS), the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the National Cancer Institute (NCI), and the North American Association of Central Cancer Registries (NAACCR) collaborate to provide annual updates on cancer occurrence and trends in the United States. METHODS: Incidence data were obtained from the CDC-funded and NCI-funded population-based cancer registry programs and compiled by NAACCR. Data on cancer deaths were obtained from the National Center for Health Statistics National Vital Statistics System...
May 22, 2018: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786797/nmr-based-prostate-cancer-metabolomics
#4
Leslie R Euceda, Maria K Andersen, May-Britt Tessem, Siver A Moestue, Maria T Grinde, Tone F Bathen
Prostate cancer is the second most common malignancy, and the fifth leading cause of cancer-related death among men, worldwide. A major unsolved clinical challenge in prostate cancer is the ability to accurately distinguish indolent cancer types from the aggressive ones. Reprogramming of metabolism is now a widely accepted hallmark of cancer development, where cancer cells must be able to convert nutrients to biomass while maintaining energy production. Metabolomics is the large-scale study of small molecules, commonly known as metabolites, within cells, biofluids, tissues, or organisms...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786792/protocols-for-the-study-of-taxanes-chemosensitivity-in-prostate-cancer
#5
M Luz Flores, Carmen Sáez
Prostate cancer is major cause of cancer-related death among men in Western countries. Locally advanced prostate cancers are treated with castration therapy, which is initially effective, but after months the disease progresses to a hormone-refractory state whose treatment is chemotherapy based on taxanes. Although taxanes improve the survival of patients with castration-resistant prostate cancers, these patients often develop chemotherapy resistance, and new therapeutic strategies are necessary. Taxanes exert their action through interaction with β-tubulin which triggers cell cycle arrest in mitosis and the subsequent induction of the intrinsic apoptotic pathway...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786787/protocols-for-migration-and-invasion-studies-in-prostate-cancer
#6
Arjanneke F van de Merbel, Geertje van der Horst, Jeroen T Buijs, Gabri van der Pluijm
Prostate cancer is the most common malignancy diagnosed in men in the western world. The development of distant metastases and therapy resistance are major clinical problems in the management of prostate cancer patients. In order for prostate cancer to metastasize to distant sites in the human body, prostate cancer cells have to migrate and invade neighboring tissue. Cancer cells can acquire a migratory and invasive phenotype in several ways, including single cell and collective migration. As a requisite for migration, epithelial prostate cancer cells often need to acquire a motile, mesenchymal-like phenotype...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786768/risk-prediction-score-for-hiv-infection-development-and-internal-validation-with-cross-sectional-data-from-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-china
#7
Lu Yin, Yuejuan Zhao, Meridith Blevins Peratikos, Liang Song, Xiangjun Zhang, Ruolei Xin, Zheya Sun, Yunan Xu, Li Zhang, Yifei Hu, Chun Hao, Yuhua Ruan, Yiming Shao, Sten H Vermund, Han-Zhu Qian
Receptive anal intercourse, multiple partners, condomless sex, sexually transmitted infections (STIs), and drug/alcohol addiction are familiar factors that correlate with increased human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) risk among men who have sex with men (MSM). To improve estimation to HIV acquisition, we created a composite score using questions from routine survey of 3588 MSM in Beijing, China. The HIV prevalence was 13.4%. A risk scoring tool using penalized maximum likelihood multivariable logistic regression modeling was developed, deploying backward step-down variable selection to obtain a reduced-form model...
May 21, 2018: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786623/rating-of-perceived-exertion-as-a-method-of-volume-autoregulation-within-a-periodized-program
#8
Eric R Helms, Matt R Cross, Scott R Brown, Adam Storey, John Cronin, Michael C Zourdos
Helms, ER, Cross, MR, Brown, SR, Storey, A, Cronin, J, and Zourdos, MC. Rating of perceived exertion as a method of volume autoregulation within a periodized program. J Strength Cond Res 32(6): 1627-1636, 2018-The purpose of this investigation was to observe how a rating of perceived exertion (RPE)-based autoregulation strategy impacted volume performed by powerlifters. Twelve (26 ± 7 years, n = 9 men, n = 3 women) nationally qualified powerlifters performed the back squat, bench press, and deadlift 3x per week on nonconsecutive days in a session order of hypertrophy, power, and then strength; for 3 weeks...
June 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786588/-infectious-complications-of-prostate-biopsy
#9
Marcin Łykowski, Bartosz Dybowski, Sławomir Poletajew, Tomasz Piecha, Piotr Radziszewski
Prostate cancer is the second most common malignancy in men in Poland. Prostate biopsy remains the gold standard for diagnosis. Every year, the number of procedures is increasing, so knowledge of possible complications is becoming crucial. Over time, a continuous increase in infectious complications of prostate biopsy is observed, so it is important to identify risk factors and preventive methods. Antibiotic prophylaxis is mandatory for prostate biopsy. Simultaneously, complications after prostate biopsy affect as many as 90% of patients, including up to 17% of infective complications...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786586/-eating-habits-of-the-youth-from-ruda-slaska
#10
Anita Bielawska, Katarzyna Tomczyk, Brygida Adamek, Barbara Rybus-Kalinowska, Jakub Warakomski, Beata Łabuz-Roszak
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: In recent years, interests on dietary and health food have grown considerably. Nutritional knowledge and eating habits determined in the youth have an impact on the health condition in adulthood. The aim: To evaluate the eating habits in the population of young people from Silesian province. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: The anonymous questionnaire survey was conducted in the group of high school students aged 17-21 years coming from Silesian province, randomly chosen from high schools in Ruda Slaska...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786572/dysadipokinemia-in-patients-with-gout-and-its-association-with-the-disease-activity
#11
Inna V Orlova, Mykola A Stanislavchuk, Iryna P Gunko
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: In recent years, the role of adipokines in the development of rheumatic diseases has been a pressing issue. The available data suggest the dysadipokinemia in patients with rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis and psoriatic arthritis. However, there is no data on changes in the levels of adipokines in patients with gout and their association with the activity of inflammatory process. The aim was to study the levels of adipokines in gout patients and evaluate their association with the disease activity...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786571/-the-disorders-of-the-musculoskeletal-system-in-patients-hospitalized-in-the-geriatric-ward
#12
Maria Matla, Jakub Rajtar-Zembaty, Waldemar Zawada
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: In recent years the interest in the quality of life in old age has been rising, which no doubt is closely linked with the growing population of elderly people. The problems associated with declined functionality of the locomotor system, which naturally occur with age, contribute to increasing morbidity in elderly patients. It is known that lack of exercise can lead to increased aging and disability. Applying the Senior Fitness Test (SFT) allows to explore and assess the patient's mobility...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786536/percutaneous-coronary-and-structural-interventions-in-women-a-position-statement-from-the-eapci-women-committee
#13
Alaide Chieffo, Gill Louise Buchanan, Julinda Mehilli, Davide Capodanno, Vijay Kunadian, Anna Sonia Petronio, Ghada W Mikhail, Piera Capranzano, Nieves Gonzal, Nicole Karam, Stéphane Manzo-Silberman, Stefanie Schüpke, Robert A Byrne, Giuliana Capretti, Yolande Appelman, Marie-Claude Morice, Patrizia Presbitero, Maria Radu, Josepa Mauri
Several expert documents on sex-based differences in interventional outcomes are now available, however this is the first position paper from the EAPCI Women Committee discussing the potential influence of sex in the percutaneous treatment of coronary and structural heart disease. Despite the misconception that coronary artery disease is a 'man's disease', contemporary data shows a growing incidence in women. However, women are under-represented in randomised coronary clinical trials (~25%). The generalisation of such studies is therefore problematic in decision-making for females undergoing coronary intervention...
May 22, 2018: EuroIntervention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786492/socioeconomic-inequalities-in-suicide-in-europe-the-widening-gap
#14
Vincent Lorant, Rianne de Gelder, Dharmi Kapadia, Carme Borrell, Ramune Kalediene, Katalin Kovács, Mall Leinsalu, Pekka Martikainen, Gwenn Menvielle, Enrique Regidor, Maica Rodríguez-Sanz, Bogdan Wojtyniak, Bjørn Heine Strand, Matthias Bopp, Johan P Mackenbach
BACKGROUND: Suicide has been decreasing over the past decade. However, we do not know whether socioeconomic inequality in suicide has been decreasing as well.AimsWe assessed recent trends in socioeconomic inequalities in suicide in 15 European populations. METHOD: The DEMETRIQ study collected and harmonised register-based data on suicide mortality follow-up of population censuses, from 1991 and 2001, in European populations aged 35-79. Absolute and relative inequalities of suicide according to education were computed on more than 300 million person-years...
June 2018: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786490/gallium-68-psma-11-pet-mr-imaging-in-patients-with-intermediate-or-high-risk-prostate-cancer
#15
Sonya Youngju Park, Claudia Zacharias, Caitlyn Harrison, Richard E Fan, Christian Kunder, Negin Hatami, Frederik Giesel, Pejman Ghanouni, Bruce Daniel, Andreas M Loening, Geoffrey A Sonn, Andrei Iagaru
Purpose To report the results of dual-time-point gallium 68 (68 Ga) prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA)-11 positron emission tomography (PET)/magnetic resonance (MR) imaging prior to prostatectomy in patients with intermediate- or high-risk cancer. Materials and Methods Thirty-three men who underwent conventional imaging as clinically indicated and who were scheduled for radical prostatectomy with pelvic lymph node dissection were recruited for this study. A mean dose of 4.1 mCi ± 0.7 (151.7 MBq ± 25...
May 16, 2018: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786489/determinants-of-cognitive-impairment-in-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis-with-and-without-atrophy
#16
Anand J C Eijlers, Kim A Meijer, Quinten van Geest, Jeroen J G Geurts, Menno M Schoonheim
Purpose To investigate the discrepancy between patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) without atrophy who have already developed cognitive impairment and patients with MS with atrophy who have preserved cognitive function. Materials and Methods This retrospective imaging study, with imaging acquired between 2008 and 2012, included 332 patients with MS (106 men and 226 women; mean age, 48.1 years; range, 23.0-72.5 years) and 96 healthy control participants. Cognitive impairment was defined as cognitive performance of z less than -1...
May 18, 2018: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786452/identification-of-a-novel-hiv-1-unique-recombinant-form-composed-of-crf01_ae-subtype-b-and-crf65_cpx-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-jilin-china
#17
Yuan-Long Lin, Bo Song, Bing Shao, Si-Yu Liu, Qing-Qing Huo, Jin Li, Jia-Ye Wang, Fu-Xiang Wang
Current HIV-1 epidemic in China is featured by diverse subtypes and continual emergence of new recombinant viruses. This study identified a novel unique recombinant form (URF) JL16013 among men who has sex with men (MSM) in Jilin, China. The JL16013 virus was different from all known subtypes and set up a distinct branch on the phylogenetic tree. This virus had a CRF01_AE backbone with two subtype B' fragments and one CRF65_cpx fragment inserted into gag, pol, env and nef regions, suggesting that this novel URF might originated from the CRF01_AE, subtype B' and CRF65_cpx viruses that were co-circulating in Jilin province...
May 22, 2018: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786097/spot-urine-and-24-h-diet-recall-estimates-of-dietary-sodium-intake-from-the-2008-09-new-zealand-adult-nutrition-survey-a-comparison
#18
Rachael M McLean, Sheila M Williams, Lisa A Te Morenga, Jim I Mann
BACKGROUND: We aimed to test the difference between estimates of dietary sodium intake using 24-h diet recall and spot urine collection in a large sample of New Zealand adults. METHODS: We analysed spot urine results, 24-h diet recall, dietary habits questionnaire and anthropometry from a representative sample of 3312 adults aged 15 years and older who participated in the 2008/09 New Zealand Adult Nutrition Survey. Estimates of adult population sodium intake were derived from 24-h diet recall and spot urine sodium using a formula derived from analysis of INTERSALT data...
May 22, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785965/inflammatory-bowel-disease-increases-the-risk-of-parkinson-s-disease-a-danish-nationwide-cohort-study-1977-2014
#19
Marie Villumsen, Susana Aznar, Bente Pakkenberg, Tine Jess, Tomasz Brudek
OBJECTIVE: Intestinal inflammation has been suggested to play a role in development of Parkinson's disease (PD) and multiple system atrophy (MSA). To test the hypothesis that IBD is associated with risk of PD and MSA, we performed a nationwide population-based cohort study. DESIGN: The cohort consisted of all individuals diagnosed with IBD in Denmark during 1977-2014 (n=76 477) and non-IBD individuals from the general population, who were comparable in terms of gender, age and vital status (n=7 548 259)...
May 21, 2018: Gut
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785804/can-scsa-and-tunel-forecast-apoptosis-related-motility-depletion-in-asthenozoospermia
#20
Z Moradian Fard, M Naghdi, P Salehi, A Ajami, M R Deemeh, M H Meshkibaf
This study is an attempt to determine the power of SCSA and TUNEL for the evaluation of apoptosis status and apoptosis-related motility depletion in Asthenozoospermia. Fifty-one semen samples from Asthenozoospermic and 20 samples from fertile men participated in this study. SCSA and TUNEL were applied for the assessment of DNA integrity by flow cytometry. Annexin V conjugated with FITC labelling and FLICA method were used for the assessment of externalisation of phosphatidylserine and spermatozoon with active Caspase 3 respectively...
May 21, 2018: Andrologia
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