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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042801/investigating-a-rare-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-strain-first-description-of-genome-sequencing-and-molecular-characterization-of-cc15-mrsa
#1
Abiola C Senok, Ali M Somily, Peter Slickers, Muhabat A Raji, Ghada Garaween, Atef Shibl, Stefan Monecke, Ralf Ehricht
PURPOSE: Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus CC15 strains (CC15-MRSA) have only been sporadically described in literature. This study was carried out to describe the genetic make-up for this rare MRSA strain. METHODS: Four CC15-MRSA isolates collected in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, between 2013 and 2014 were studied. Two isolates were from clinical infection and 2 from retail meat products. Whole genome sequencing was carried out using Illumina HiSeq2500 genome analyzer...
2017: Infection and Drug Resistance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033525/oral-health-comprehension-in-parents-of-saudi-cerebral-palsy-children
#2
Amjad H Wyne, Nouf S Al-Hammad, Christian H Splieth
OBJECTIVE: To determine oral health comprehension among parents of cerebral palsy (CP) children. METHODS: A self-administered questionnaire was utilized to obtain the required information. The study was conducted in two main centers for disabled children in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. RESULTS: Parents of all 157 CP children registered in the two centers completed the questionnaire. Mothers mostly (86.6%) completed the questionnaire. Majority (98...
October 2017: Saudi Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028812/occurrence-of-the-middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-coronavirus-mers-cov-across-the-gulf-corporation-council-countries-four-years-update
#3
Mahmoud Aly, Mohamed Elrobh, Maha Alzayer, Sameera Aljuhani, Hanan Balkhy
The emergence of the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infections has become a global issue of dire concerns. MERS-CoV infections have been identified in many countries all over the world whereas high level occurrences have been documented in the Middle East and Korea. MERS-CoV is mainly spreading across the geographical region of the Middle East, especially in the Arabian Peninsula, while some imported sporadic cases were reported from the Europe, North America, Africa, and lately Asia...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019323/diet-physical-activity-marital-status-and-risk-of-cancer-a-case-control-study-of-adults-from-riyadh-saudi-arabia
#4
Eyad Fawzi AlSaeed, Mutahir A Tunio
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to compare the dietary habits, engagement in various sports, smoking habits, marital status and other demographic characteristics, between cancer patients and healthy adults (control) at our institute, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted on 500 participants (237 cancer patients and 263 healthy adults). A well-structured questionnaire was given to these participants regarding the life style, dietary habits, and marital status through interviews...
September 2017: Gulf Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019025/an-evidence-based-medicine-audit-of-the-ophthalmic-emergency-services-unit-of-king-abdulaziz-university-hospital-kauh
#5
Adel Alsuhaibani, Mohammed AlRajeh, Priscilla Gikandi, Ahmed Mousa
PURPOSE: To improve the interventions provided for patients presenting with acute ophthalmic conditions to the ophthalmic emergency unit through applying the best available evidences from quality literature for managing such conditions. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study at a tertiary eye care university hospital in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, involving a two-phase audit of diagnosis-intervention was conducted. The first phase was done retrospectively for the duration from April 1 to May 30, 2014, after disseminating the results of the first phase to King Abdulaziz University Hospital ophthalmology department staff, and the second phase was done retrospectively for the duration from November 1 to December 30, 2015...
October 10, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994889/heart-rate-beat-to-beat-slope-change-during-six-minute-walk-test-a-useful-clinical-tool-for-estimating-fitness-level
#6
Abdulrahman Mohammed Alhowikan, Abdullah Alfaifi, Badr Almutairi, Omar Alzamil, Muath Aleid
BACKGROUND: The six-minute walk test (6MWT) is one of the most common exercise tests and is used to estimate the level of physical fitness. This study aimed to evaluate the feasibility of the beat-to-beat heart rate 6MWT slope (6MWTS) and recovery slope for predicting and estimating the level of physical fitness during 6MWT, instead of depending on the distance covered during the test. METHODS: Seventy healthy adult male subjects aged 18 to 27 years were recruited randomly from the general Saudi population in Riyadh...
December 2016: La Tunisie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989137/characteristic-of-malocclusion-among-saudi-special-need-group-children
#7
Thamer Alkhadra
INTRODUCTION: The present study analyzed the characteristics of malocclusions, occlusal traits among Special Health care Needs (SHCN) children with Down syndrome (DS) and autism disorder (AD) in Riyadh City, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 100 DS and 100 AD children from five rehabilitation centers in and around Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, were included in the study. Any children with history of ongoing medical treatment, extraction, or orthodontic treatment were excluded from the study...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988776/prevalence-of-influenza-vaccine-hesitancy-at-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-riyadh-saudi-arabia
#8
Abdullah A Alabbad, Abdulaziz K Alsaad, Mohamed A Al Shaalan, Sulaiman Alola, Esam A Albanyan
BACKGROUND: Influenza vaccine hesitancy is a major problem worldwide, with significant public health consequences. We aimed to determine the prevalence of influenza vaccine hesitancy and the effect of vaccine awareness campaigns on vaccine acceptance among three groups (parents, adult patients, and healthcare workers [HCWs]) at King Abdulaziz Medical City, a tertiary care hospital in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. METHODS: The study was conducted during the 2015-2016 winter season...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988252/drug-shortages-in-large-hospitals-in-riyadh-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Yazed Sulaiman AlRuthia, Hadeel AlKofide, Refaa'h AlAjmi, Bander Balkhi, Ahmed Alghamdi, Albandari AlNasser, Areej Alayed, Maali Alshammari, Danah Alsuhaibani, Asma Alathbah
BACKGROUND: Drug shortages are a serious and complex issue in any healthcare system. We conducted this study because the prevalence of drug shortages in Saudi Arabia is largely unknown, while there have been reports of shortages. OBJECTIVE: To explore the prevalence and characteristics of drug shortages as well as identify strategies to minimize their impact on patient care and safety in large hospitals. DESIGN: Questionnaire-based cross-sectional study...
September 2017: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988249/validation-of-the-arabic-version-of-the-score-for-allergic-rhinitis-tool
#10
Sami Alharethy, Mawaheb Al Wedami, Falah Syouri, Almaha A Alqabbani, Abdulsalam Baqays, Tamer Mesallam, Turki Aldrees
BACKGROUND: Allergic rhinitis (AR) is a common inflammation of the nasal mucosa in response to allergen exposure. We translated and validated the Score for Allergic Rhinitis (SFAR) into an Arabic version so that the disease can be studied in an Arabic population. OBJECTIVES: SFAR is a non-invasive self-administered tool that evaluates eight items related to AR. This study aimed to translate and culturally adapt the SFAR questionnaire into Arabic, and assess the validity, consistency, and reliability of the translated version in an Arabic-speaking population of patients with suspected AR...
September 2017: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988235/readmissions-and-emergency-department-visits-after-bariatric-surgery-at-saudi-arabian-hospital-the-rates-reasons-and-risk-factors
#11
Anwar Ahmed, Doaa AlBuraikan, Bashayr ALMuqbil, Wijdan AlJohi, Wala Alanazi, Budor AlRasheed
BACKGROUND: Saudi Arabian hospital readmissions and emergency department (ED) visits following bariatric surgery and discharge have never been investigated. This study aimed to evaluate the rates and reasons of hospital readmissions and ED visits related to surgical weight loss interventions at the King Abdulaziz Medical City - Riyadh. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study on 301 patients who underwent bariatric surgery between January 2011 and July 2016...
October 7, 2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979769/single-incision-laparoscopic-surgery-in-gynecologic-surgery-a-single-institutional-experience-from-saudi-arabia
#12
Kareemah Salamah, Mohammed Abuzaid, Ahmed Abu-Zaid
Background: Laparoscopy is rapidly replacing laparotomy in the field of gynecologic surgery. Generally, there are limited data concerning the utility of single-incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS) in gynecologic surgery. Specifically, in Saudi Arabia, a third-world country, data are further limited; only one related study has been conducted so far. The purpose of this study is to retrospectively report our single-institutional experience of SILS in terms of feasibility, safety and perioperative outcomes in the management of various gynecologic conditions...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960541/inhibitory-effect-of-thymoquinone-on-testosterone-induced-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia-in-wistar-rats
#13
Bahaa Al-Trad, Mazhar Al-Zoubi, Janti Qar, Khalid Al-Batayneh, Emad Hussien, Riyadh Muhaidat, Alaa Aljabali, Hakam Alkhateeb, Ghada Al Omari
This study addresses the possible protective effects of thymoquinone (TQ) against the development of experimentally-induced benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) in Wistar rats. Eighteen adult male rats were divided into three groups; the negative control group (n = 6) received vehicle, and two groups received subcutaneous testosterone injection (3 mg/kg). Animals receiving testosterone were randomized to untreated BPH group (n = 6) and BPH + TQ treated group (n = 6, 50 mg/kg orally for 14 days). Histological changes and the mRNA levels of transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1 ) and vascular endothelial growth factor-A (VEGF-A) were analyzed...
September 28, 2017: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958834/high-reproduction-number-of-middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-coronavirus-in-nosocomial-outbreaks-mathematical-modelling-in-saudi-arabia-and-south-korea
#14
Sunhwa Choi, Eunok Jung, Bo Youl Choi, Young Joo Hur, Moran Ki
BACKGROUND: Effective countermeasures against emerging infectious diseases require an understanding of transmission rate and basic reproduction number (R0). The R0 for severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) is generally considered to be >1, whereas that for Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) is considered to be <1. However, this does not explain the large-scale outbreaks of MERS that occurred in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) and South Korean hospitals. AIM: To estimate R0 in nosocomial outbrea ks of MERS...
September 25, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952273/cancer-incidence-in-saudi-arabia-2012-data-from-the-saudi-cancer-registry
#15
Shouki Bazarbashi, Haya Al Eid, Joan Minguet
Background: In order to most appropriately allocate healthcare and research funding for cancer, it is important to have accurate population-based incidence data. The Saudi Cancer Registry (SCR) provides such information, covering the time period from 1994 to the present day. The current report concerns an overview of cancer incidence statistics for Saudi Arabia in 2012. Methods: The SCR collects data from healthcare facilities throughout the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. All newly diagnosed cases of cancer are recorded, with information on site and histology...
September 27, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951677/the-effect-of-metformin-use-on-pregnancy-rates-among-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-patients-undergoing-in-vitro-fertilization-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#16
Yazed Sulaiman Al-Ruthia, Hazem Al-Mandeel, Hisham AlSanawi, Bander Balkhi, Wael Mansy, Reem AlGasem, Lama AlMutairi
BACKGROUND: Metformin is widely used with gonadotropins by women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) during in vitro fertilization (IVF) to increase their chances of pregnancy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of metformin in improving the rates of clinical pregnancy among women with PCOS undergoing IVF. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of women with PCOS, aged 18-40 years, undergoing IVF during 2006-2012 at a University Hospital in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia...
September 2017: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951672/public-awareness-and-perception-toward-adverse-drug-reactions-reporting-in-riyadh-saudi-arabia
#17
Ibrahim Sales, Hisham Aljadhey, Yasser Albogami, Mansour A Mahmoud
Purpose: To assess the general public awareness and perception about Adverse Drug Reactions (ADRs) reporting and pharmacovigilance. Method: A cross-sectional study conducted on June 2012 during awareness campaign held in two malls in Riyadh city for two days. A self-administered questionnaire consisting of three parts was distributed to the attendees who accepted to participate in the study. Results: A total of 204 questionnaires were collected with a response rate of 68%. Twenty-three percent could correctly define ADRs...
September 2017: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932452/crystal-structure-of-a-1-1-2-2-tetra-chloro-ethane-solvated-hydrazinecarbo-thio-amide-compound
#18
Sayed Riyadh, David L Hughes, Musa A Said
The title compound, [(1-{4-[2-(2,4-di-hydroxy-phen-yl)diazen-1-yl]phen-yl}ethyl-idene)amino]-thio-urea, 1,1,2,2-tetra-chloro-ethane monosolvate, C15H15N5O2S·C2H2Cl4, was prepared from 4-(4-acetyl-phenyl-diazendi-yl)resorcinol and thio-semicarbazide and recrystallized from mixed solvents of tetra-chloro-ethane and n-hexane. (1)H NMR and X-ray diffraction data are in support of the thione tautomeric form. The X-ray analysis shows the mol-ecule crystallizes as a zwitterion, with proton transfer from the nominal phenol to the azide group; the N-N bond length is 1...
September 1, 2017: Acta Crystallographica. Section E, Crystallographic Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932158/the-burden-perceived-by-informal-caregivers-of-the-elderly-in-saudi-arabia
#19
Sulaiman A Alshammari, Abdullah A Alzahrani, Khaled A Alabduljabbar, Abdulaziz A Aldaghri, Yazeed A Alhusainy, Mohammed A Khan, Rakan A Alshuwaier, Ismail N Kariz
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to discover the characteristics of informal caregivers of elderly patients; to determine the socioeconomic, psychological, and physical consequences facing informal caregivers; and to measure their burdens and needs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was a cross-sectional survey of informal caregivers of elderly patients. Participants were recruited from different hospitals and primary care clinics in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia...
September 2017: Journal of Family & Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927391/grand-multiparity-and-the-possible-risk-of-adverse-maternal-and-neonatal-outcomes-a-dilemma-to-be-deciphered
#20
Ghadeer K Al-Shaikh, Gehan H Ibrahim, Amel A Fayed, Hazem Al-Mandeel
BACKGROUND: The relation between grand multiparity (GMP) and the possible adverse pregnancy outcomes is not well identified. GMP (parity ≥5 births) frequently occurs in the Arab nations; therefore, this study aimed to identify the correlation between GMP and the different adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes in the Saudi population. METHOD: This cohort study was conducted on a total of 3327 women from the labour ward in King Khaled University Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia...
September 19, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
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