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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817709/assessment-of-physicians-awareness-and-knowledge-of-familial-hypercholesterolemia-in-saudi-arabia-is-there-a-gap
#1
Mohammed Ali Batais, Turky H Almigbal, Aref A Bin Abdulhak, Hani B Altaradi, Khalid F AlHabib
BACKGROUND: The scarcity of familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) cases reported in Saudi Arabia might be indicative of a lack of awareness of this common genetic disease among physicians. OBJECTIVE: To assess physicians' awareness, practice, and knowledge of FH in Saudi Arabia. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study conducted among physicians at four tertiary hospitals in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia between March 2016 and May 2016 using a self-administered questionnaire...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816184/early-screening-of-diabetes-and-hypertension-in-primary-care-dental-clinics-at-king-saud-university-in-riyadh-kingdom-of-saudi-arabia
#2
Emad M Hadlaq, Ziyad T Faraj, Fahad M Al Gamdi, Faisal A Al Obathani, Mashael F Abuabat, Kamran H Awan
INTRODUCTION: Diabetes mellitus and hypertension are the leading chronic diseases in Saudi Arabia; 23.1% of the Saudi population are diabetic and 25.5% are hypertensive. This cross-sectional study was made on dental setting to determine the effectiveness of screening of diabetes and hypertension in dental clinics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was carried out in the primary care dental clinics at the Dental College in King Saud University in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814942/awareness-of-venous-thromboembolism-and-thromboprophylaxis-among-hospitalized-patients-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Hind Almodaimegh, Lama Alfehaid, Nada Alsuhebany, Rami Bustami, Shmylan Alharbi, Abdulmalik Alkatheri, Abdulkareem Albekairy
BACKGROUND: Patient awareness of venous thromboembolism (VTE) and thromboprophylaxis is essential for their safety. In this study, we evaluated patients' awareness of VTE and their perceptions of thromboprophylaxis. METHODS: We administered a cross-sectional survey to patients hospitalized at the King Abdulaziz Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. RESULTS: Of 190 patients approached, 174 completed the survey, constituting a response rate of 95%...
2017: Thrombosis Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811804/prevalence-of-sexual-dysfunction-in-saudi-women-with-type-2-diabetes-is-it-affected-by-age-glycemic-control-or-obesity
#4
Turki A AlMogbel, Hussein S Amin, Saad M AlSaad, Turky H AlMigbal
OBJECTIVE: Sexual dysfunction (SD), as a diabetes mellitus (DM)-related complication, is common among patients having diabetes. This study aimed to ascertain the prevalence of SD in Saudi women with type 2 DM and to determine whether age, glycemic control, and obesity are associated with SD or not. METHODS: A total of 275 Saudi women with type 2 diabetes took part in this cross-sectional study and filled out the Female Sexual Function Index through a fill-coded questionnaire in primary care clinics in King Khalid University Hospital, Riyadh, in the period between January 2013 and May 2013...
May 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806141/cutaneous-leishmaniasis-in-saudi-arabia-a-comprehensive-overview
#5
Abuzaid A Abuzaid, Abdalmohsin M Abdoon, Mohamed A Aldahan, Abdullah G Alzahrani, Raaft F Alhakeem, Abdullah M Asiri, Mohamed H Alzahrani, Ziad A Memish
Despite the great efforts by health authorities in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA), Cutaneous Leishmaniasis (CL) continues to be a major public health problem in the country. Many risk factors make KSA prone to outbreaks and epidemics; among these, rapid urbanization and the huge population movement are the most important. The disease is endemic in many parts of KSA, with the majority of cases concentrated in six regions, including Al-Qaseem, Riyadh, Al-Hassa, Aseer, Ha'il, and Al-Madinah. Leishmania major (L...
August 14, 2017: Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800483/assessment-of-aod-variability-over-saudi-arabia-using-modis-deep-blue-products
#6
Mohsin Jamil Butt, Mazen Ebraheem Assiri, Md Arfan Ali
The aim of this study is to investigate the variability of aerosol over The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. For this analysis, Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) Deep Blue (DB) Aerosol Optical Depth (AOD) product from Terra and Aqua satellites for the years 2000-2013 is used. The product is validated using AERONET data from ground stations, which are situated at Solar Village Riyadh and King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) Jeddah. The results show that both Terra and Aqua satellites exhibit a tendency to show the spatial variation of AOD with Aqua being better than Terra to represent the ground based AOD measurements over the study region...
August 8, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790828/impact-of-help-seeking-behavior-and-partner-support-on-postpartum-depression-among-saudi-women
#7
Adel F Almutairi, Mahmoud Salam, Samiyah Alanazi, Manal Alweldawi, Najad Alsomali, Najla Alotaibi
BACKGROUND: Many studies have discovered a number of factors that can contribute to the risk of developing postpartum depression (PPD), including, but not limited to, life stressors, lack of social support, low economic status, and quality of the marital relationship. However, these studies were conducted in various countries with participants from different cultural backgrounds. PURPOSE: This study aimed to examine the impact of general help-seeking behavior (GHSB) and partner support (PS) on PPD among Saudi women in primary health care clinics in Riyadh city...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768142/contributions-of-ikzf1-ddc-cdkn2a-cebpe-and-lmo1-gene-polymorphisms-to-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-in-a-yemeni-population
#8
Boshra Al-Absi, Muhammad F M Razif, Suzita M Noor, Riyadh Saif-Ali, Mohammed Aqlan, Sameer D Salem, Radwan H Ahmed, Sekaran Muniandy
BACKGROUND: Genome-wide and candidate gene association studies have previously revealed links between acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) predisposition and genetic polymorphisms in these genes: IKZF1 (7p12.2; ID: 10320), DDC (7p12.2; ID: 1644), CDKN2A (9p21.3; ID: 1029), CEBPE (14q11.2; ID: 1053), and LMO1 (11p15; ID: 4004). In this study, we aimed to conduct an investigation into the possible association between polymorphisms in these genes and ALL within a sample of Yemeni children of Arab-Asian descent...
August 2, 2017: Genetic Testing and Molecular Biomarkers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764780/improving-patient-safety-culture-in-saudi-arabia-2012-2015-trending-improvement-and-benchmarking
#9
Khalid Alswat, Rawia Ahmad Mustafa Abdalla, Maher Abdelraheim Titi, Maram Bakash, Faiza Mehmood, Beena Zubairi, Diana Jamal, Fadi El-Jardali
BACKGROUND: Measuring patient safety culture can provide insight into areas for improvement and help monitor changes over time. This study details the findings of a re-assessment of patient safety culture in a multi-site Medical City in Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA). Results were compared to an earlier assessment conducted in 2012 and benchmarked with regional and international studies. Such assessments can provide hospital leadership with insight on how their hospital is performing on patient safety culture composites as a result of quality improvement plans...
August 2, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762438/impact-of-shift-work-on-sleep-and-daytime-performance-among-health-care-professionals
#10
Sultan M Alshahrani, Abdulsalam A Baqays, Abdelelah A Alenazi, Abdulaziz M AlAngari, Ahmad N AlHadi
To evaluate sleep quality and daytime sleepiness in health care professionals who are performing shift work. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 510 health care professionals at Prince Sultan Military Medical City and King Khalid University Hospital, King Saud University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia between December 2015 and April 2016. Data were collected using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS). Participants were divided into 2 groups: shift workers and non-shift workers...
August 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761031/indications-for-enucleation-and-evisceration-in-a-tertiary-eye-hospital-in-riyadh-over-a-10-year-period
#11
Saad A Al-Dahmash, Sawsan Saad Bakry, Nada H Almadhi, Lolwah M Alashgar
BACKGROUND: Enucleation and evisceration are eye removal procedures considered as palliative treatment when all other therapeutic options are exhausted. OBJECTIVE: Describe the causes and histopathological findings leading to enucleation/evisceration, and correlate the clinical findings with the histopathological findings. DESIGN: Retrospective, descriptive study. SETTINGS: Tertiary care hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia...
July 2017: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761026/utilization-and-adherence-to-guideline-recommended-lipid-lowering-therapy-at-an-academic-medical-center
#12
Khalid A Alburikan, Rayah M Asiri, Abduallah M Alhammad, Amer A Abuelizz, Ghada A Bawazeer, Mohammed H Aljawadi
BACKGROUND: Clinical guidelines for managing blood cholesterol were updated in November 2013. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the adherence to the 2013 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) guideline recommendations for statin therapy in the treatment of elevated blood cholesterol in high-risk patients. DESIGN: A single-center, retrospective, observational study. SETTING: A tertiary care academic medical center in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia...
July 2017: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761025/eleven-year-review-of-data-on-pap-smears-in-saudi-arabia-we-need-more-focus-on-glandular-abnormalities
#13
Haitham Nasser, Mohammad AlAyyaf, Azza Atallah, Mohammad Aminulislam, Lubna Rizwan, Abdulsalam Aodah, Yasser Alkahtani, Haifa Alshammari, Ahmed Alsayed, Susan Szpunar
BACKGROUND: We reviewed data from Saudi Arabia on epithelial cell abnormalities (ECA) detected by Pap smear after noticing a slight increase in the incidence of cervical glandular abnormalities in our regional laboratory in recent years. OBJECTIVE: Clarify data on adenocarcinoma (ADCA) on Pap smears in Saudi Arabia. DESIGN: Descriptive, retrospective study. SETTINGS: Regional laboratory, Riyadh. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We reviewed all Pap smears of adult females between 2006 and 2016 and compared our data with previously published results from Saudi Arabia...
July 2017: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761024/hepatitis-b-and-c-virus-prevalence-in-couples-attending-an-in-vitro-fertilization-clinic-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-saudi-arabia-comparison-with-ten-years-earlier
#14
Asma Albadran, Ali Hibshi, Bahjat Saeed, Coskun Sedar, Khalid Arab Awartani
BACKGROUND: Viral hepatitis B (HBV) and C (HCV) are a major public health problem in Saudi Arabia. Recent data has indicated a major reduction in viral hepatitis prevalence in Saudi population. However, there is limited data for infertile Saudi couples. OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of HCV and HBV attending an in vitro fertilization (IVF) clinic in Saudi Arabia between 2012 and 2015 to compare with the prevalence 10 years earlier in the same center. DESIGN: Retrospective prevalence study...
July 2017: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756825/the-prevalence-and-association-of-stress-with-sleep-quality-among-medical-students
#15
Abdullah I Almojali, Sami A Almalki, Ali S Alothman, Emad M Masuadi, Meshal K Alaqeel
INTRODUCTION: Medical students tend to reduce their sleep, in an effort to adjust and cope with their workload and stressful environment. This study estimated the prevalence of and the relationship between poor sleep quality and stress among medical students. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted using a stratified random sample of male and female medical students in King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. A self-administered questionnaire was distributed to assess sleep quality using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, and the stress level by using the Kessler Psychological Distress Scale...
September 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753180/mass-screening-for-celiac-disease-among-school-aged-children-toward-exploring-celiac-iceberg-in-saudi-arabia
#16
Abdulrahman Al-Hussaini, Riccardo Troncone, Musa Khormi, Muath AlTuraiki, Wahid Alkhamis, Mona Alrajhi, Thana Halal, Mosa Fagih, Sahar Alharbi, Muhammed Salman Bashir, Aziz Elchentoufi
OBJECTIVES: We conducted this mass screening study to determine the prevalence of celiac disease (CD) and characterize the celiac iceberg among Saudi pediatric population in Riyadh, the capital city of Saudi Arabia. METHODS: Over the study period (January 2014 to June 2016), we have conducted a cross-sectional, mass screening, IgA-tissue transglutaminase (TTG-IgA)-based study on 7930 Saudi students from primary and intermediate schools in Riyadh. Students with positive TTG-IgA (> 20 U/L) were called in the hospital to undergo a repeat of TTG-IgA; in those with borderline positive TTG-IgA (20-60 U/L) IgA-endomyseal antibody (EMA-IgA) test was performed...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751985/public-awareness-regarding-common-eye-diseases-among-saudi-adults-in-riyadh-city-a-quantitative-study
#17
Waleed A Al Rashed, Amro K Bin Abdulrahman, Ahmed A Zarban, Mohammed S Almasri, Abdulrahman S Mirza, Rajiv Khandekar
AIM: The current study aimed to evaluate the knowledge of eye disease and awareness of eye care among the Saudi adults and to explore existing eye-related misconceptions in the community. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Riyadh city during May and June 2016. A self-administered anonymous online questionnaire was used to explore the most common misconceptions related to eye diseases and eye care. RESULTS: Out of 1000 individuals, only 711 (71...
2017: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725153/ovulation-induction-by-metformin-among-obese-versus-non-obese-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#18
Yazed Sulaiman Al-Ruthia, Hazem Al-Mandeel, Hisham AlSanawi, Wael Mansy, Reem AlGasem, Lama AlMutairi
OBJECTIVES: There is some evidence that the efficacy of metformin as an ovulation stimulation agent depends on the body mass index (BMI) of the treated anovulatory women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). The aim of this study was to examine the likelihood of successful ovulation among obese (BMI ⩾30 kg/m(2)) versus non-obese (BMI <30 kg/m(2)) women with PCOS. METHODS: A total of 243 medical charts of women with PCOS who visited King Khaled University Hospital (KKUH) in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, between 2006 and 2012 were reviewed...
July 2017: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725147/shortage-of-psychotropic-medications-in-community-pharmacies-in-saudi-arabia-causes-and-solutions
#19
Yazed Sulaiman Al-Ruthia, Wael Mansy, Mohammad Barasin, Yazeed Mohammad Ghawaa, Mohammed AlSultan, Mohammad A Alsenaidy, Solaiman Alhawas, Sultan AlGhadeer
Background: Patients with mental disorders, such as depression and anxiety, who seek medical care in private psychiatric clinics in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, have recently expressed concerns to doctors about difficulty in filling psychotropic medications, such as Amitriptyline and Aripiprazole, at retail community pharmacies. Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate whether there is a shortage of some commonly prescribed psychotropic medications in retail community pharmacies in Saudi Arabia, and if so, to explore the possible reasons behind the shortage of these medications...
July 2017: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725128/quality-of-communication-between-dentists-and-dental-laboratory-technicians-for-fixed-prosthodontics-in-riyadh-saudi-arabia
#20
Huda Tulbah, Eman AlHamdan, Amal AlQahtani, Asma AlShahrani, Mona AlShaye
The fabrication of a clinically acceptable dental prosthesis requires proper communication between the dentist and the dental technician. Prosthodontic educators have been concerned with this interaction and communication. Fixed prosthodontics laboratories revealed that the technicians are often dissatisfied with the information provided in work authorizations. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the quality of communication between dentists and laboratory technicians via work authorizations for fixed prosthodontics in both governmental and private dental laboratories in Riyadh area from the technician's perspective...
July 2017: Saudi Dental Journal
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