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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441159/prevalence-of-subclinical-hypothyroidism-in-adults-visiting-primary-health-care-setting-in-riyadh
#1
Eidan Al Eidan, Saeed Ur Rahman, Saeed Al Qahtani, Ali I Al Farhan, Imad Abdulmajeed
Background and objectives : Subclinical hypothyroidism is an asymptomatic condition with normal thyroxin and raised thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) level. The objective of the study was to determine the prevalence of subclinical hypothyroidism in primary health care (PHC) settings in Riyadh and explore the relationship of TSH level with age, gender, family history, body mass index, and co-morbid conditions. Subjects and methods : A cross-sectional study of adult visitors to nine satellites PHC clinics in military housing in Riyadh was carried out...
2018: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436569/knowledge-attitudes-practices-and-perceptions-of-clinicians-towards-conducting-clinical-trials-in-an-academic-tertiary-care-center
#2
Mohamad A Al-Tannir, Hind M Katan, Ahmad H Al-Badr, Mostafa M Al-Tannir, Amani K Abu-Shaheen
To investigate the knowledge, attitudes practices and perceptions of clinicians concerning the conducting of clinical trials (CTs).  Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on clinicians at King Fahad Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Data were collected using a self-administered questionnaire which divided into 5 sections: Section 1 covered respondents' demographics. The other 4 sections explored respondents' knowledge, attitudes, perceptions and practice towards conducting CTs.  Results: A total of 316 clinicians completed the questionnaire...
February 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436567/asthma-prevalence-among-adults-in-saudi-arabia
#3
Mohammed O Al Ghobain, Saleh S Algazlan, Talal M Oreibi
OBJECTIVES: To investigate asthma prevalence and to measure asthma symptoms among Saudi adults in Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey using the European Community Respiratory Health Survey (ECRHS)questionnaire carried out between April and June 2016, among male and female Saudi nationals aged 20-44 years living in Riyadh. Disproportionate cluster sampling method was used. Asthma was defined based on answering "yes" to any of the following: Have you had wheezing when you did not have a cold in the last 12 months? Have you been told by a physician to have asthma? Are you taking medicine for asthma? RESULTS: A total of 2,405 participants completed the survey...
February 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432963/efficacy-of-different-modes-of-vitamin-d-supplementation-strategies-in-saudi-adolescents
#4
REVIEW
Nasser M Al-Daghri, Mohammed Ghouse Ahmed Ansari, Shaun Sabico, Yousef Al-Saleh, Naji J Aljohani, Hanan Alfawaz, Mohammed Alharbi, Abdulaziz M Al-Othman, Majed S Alokail, Sunil J Wimalawansa
Vitamin D deficiency is rampant in the Middle East, even in children and adolescents. This study was designed to investigate the effects of different vitamin D repletion strategies commonly used on serum vitamin D levels of Saudi adolescents. STUDY DESIGN: A 6-month multi-center, controlled, clinical study, involving 34 schools in the central region of Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Different strategies of vitamin D supplementation were tested (200 ml fortified milk of different brands or vitamin D tablet (1,000IU)...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430192/the-prevalence-and-determinants-of-poor-glycemic-control-among-adults-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-saudi-arabia
#5
Riyadh A Alzaheb, Abdullah H Altemani
Background: Although the prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is rising sharply in Saudi Arabia, data on glycemic control, crucial to reducing diabetes mellitus complications, remain scarce. This study therefore investigated glycemic control status and the factors influencing poor glycemic control among adult T2DM patients in Saudi Arabia. Methods: This cross-sectional study examined 423 T2DM patients at a diabetic center in Tabuk, Saudi Arabia between September 2016 and July 2017...
2018: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429054/incidence-of-leukopenia-and-thrombocytopenia-with-cisplatin-plus-mitomycin-c-versus-melphalan-in-patients-undergoing-cytoreductive-surgery-crs-and-hyperthermic-intraperitoneal-chemotherapy-hipec
#6
Hakeam A Hakeam, Amal Arab, Ayman Azzam, Zyad Alyahya, Abdelmoneim M Eldali, Tarek Amin
INTRODUCTION: Cytopenia after hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) with cytoreductive surgery (CRS) has been reported in non-comparative studies with various chemotherapeutic regimens. This study compared the incidence of leukopenia and thrombocytopenia in patients who underwent CRS/HIPEC and received melphalan or cisplatin plus mitomycin-c (CIS + MMC). METHODS: This retrospective study included patients who underwent CRS/HIPEC at King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Centre, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia from March 2011 to March 2017 and received melphalan 60 mg/m 2 or CIS 100 mg/m 2 combined with MMC 30 mg/m 2 ...
February 10, 2018: Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422753/investigating-the-visual-status-of-preschool-children-in-riyadh-saudi-arabia
#7
Ali M Alsaqr, Ghayda'a Ibrahim, Ali Abu Sharha, Raied Fagehi
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to explore the vision status of preschool children aged 3-6 years in Al Riyadh and to identify children at risk of amblyopia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional population-based study. Visual acuity (VA) was measured using 15-line Lea symbols, refractive error was assessed using the Mohindra near retinoscopy technique, and peak contrast sensitivity (CS) was measured with the aid of the numerical CS test. We recruited 335 children, with their parents' written consent, from 14 kindergartens...
October 2017: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422058/an-evaluation-of-e-coli-in-urinary-tract-infection-in-emergency-department-at-kamc-in-riyadh-saudi-arabia-retrospective-study
#8
Menyfah Q Alanazi, Fulwah Y Alqahtani, Fadilah S Aleanizy
BACKGROUND: Urinary tract infection (UTIS) is a common infectious disease in which level of antimicrobial resistance are alarming worldwide. Therefore, this study aims to describe the prevalence and the resistance pattern of the main bacteria responsible for UTIS Escherichia coli (E. coli). METHODS: Retrospective chart review for patients admitted to emergency department and diagnosed with UTIS at KAMC, in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia between January to March 2008 was performed...
February 9, 2018: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29419525/psychometric-arabic-sino-nasal-outcome-test-22-validation-and-translation-in-chronic-rhinosinusitis-patients
#9
Fatma Alanazy, Surayie Al Dousary, Ahmed Albosaily, Turki Aldriweesh, Saad Alsaleh, Turki Aldrees
BACKGROUND: The Sino-Nasal Outcome Test (SNOT)-22 has multiple items that reflect how nasal disease affects quality of life. Currently, no validated Arabic version of the SNOT-22 is available. OBJECTIVE: . To develop an Arabic-validated version of SNOT-22. DESIGN: Prospective. SETTING: Tertiary care center. PATIENT AND METHODS: This single-center validation study was conducted between 2015 and 2017 at King Abdul-Aziz University Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia...
January 2018: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416462/an-observational-study-of-perioperative-antibiotic-prophylaxis-use-at-a-major-quaternary-care-and-referral-hospital-in-saudi-arabia
#10
Yasser Younis A Tolba, Ahmed Osama El-Kabbani, NorAldeen Suhail Al-Kayyali
Context: The use of perioperative antimicrobial prophylaxis has been consistently considered an effective means of reducing the risk of surgical site infections. However, inappropriate use of surgical antibiotic prophylaxis is associated with complications such as reduced treatment efficacy, development of antibiotic resistance, and increased health-care costs. Aims: The aim of this study is to investigate the adherence to international/national guidelines regarding the use of surgical antibiotic prophylaxis in the perioperative period...
January 2018: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416456/evaluation-of-safety-and-efficacy-of-regional-anesthesia-compared-with-general-anesthesia-in-thoracoscopic-lung-biopsy-procedure-on-patient-with-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis
#11
Waseem M Hajjar, Sami A Al-Nassar, Ghaida S Al-Sugair, Alaa Al-Oqail, Shahd Al-Mansour, Rand Al-Haweel, Adnan W Hajjar
Background: Interstitial lung diseases are diseases that need histology diagnosis or obtaining a lung biopsy to establish the diagnosis. Surgical biopsies are performed usually using the thoracoscopy technique under general anesthesia (GA) although this procedure is still associated with morbidity rate. The aim of this study is to determine the effectiveness and safety of regional anesthesia (RA) compared with GA in thoracoscopic lung biopsy procedures done on patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF)...
January 2018: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416449/effect-of-intravenous-lidocaine-on-the-incidence-of-postextubation-laryngospasm-a-double-blind-placebo-controlled-randomized-trial
#12
Khalid Ibrahim Aljonaieh
Objectives: The study aimed to test the effect of intraoperative intravenous (IV) lidocaine on the incidence of postextubation laryngospasm in adult patients. Methods: The prospective randomized clinical trial was conducted at tertiary care hospital in Riyadh, between January and December 2012. Seventy-two patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy were randomly assigned to receive either placebo (n = 36) or IV lidocaine (n = 36), 1 mg/kg bolus after desflurane was discontinued...
January 2018: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410942/the-clinical-burden-of-rotavirus-gastroenteritis-a-prospective-study
#13
Ahmed Nahari, Salem M AlGhamdi, Abdulsalam Alawfi, Hassan Faqeehi, Saeed Alzahrani, Amani Abu-Shaheen, Abdulrahman Al-Hussaini
Background In Saudi Arabia, there is a lack of recently published, appropriately conducted epidemiological studies on rotavirus (RV) diarrhea, which emphasizes the need for up-to-date and comprehensive studies. Objective Our objective was to provide more recent data on the clinical and epidemiological characteristics as well as the economic burden of RV diarrhea among young children admitted to a tertiary care hospital in the city of Riyadh in the year prior to the initiation of the RV vaccine. Design We conducted a prospective observational study at a children's specialized hospital at King Fahad Medical City...
December 2, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29404269/the-prevalence-of-restless-leg-syndrome-among-pregnant-saudi-women
#14
Mohmd Khan, Noha Mobeireek, Yassar Al-Jahdali, Nujood Al-Dubyan, Anwar Ahmed, Majed Al-Gamedi, Abdullah Al-Harbi, Hamdan Al-Jahdali
Objectives: Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is common among pregnant women, but it has not been documented in pregnant Saudi Arabian women. The main purpose of this study was to estimate the extent of the prevalence of RLS and identify both the associated factors and the associated risk factors among pregnant Saudi women. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among pregnant women visiting obstetric clinics at King Abdulaziz Medical City in Riyadh (KAMC-Riyadh) over the period from June 1 to November 1, 2014...
January 2018: Avicenna Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29389869/patterns-of-self-medication-behavior-for-oral-health-problems-among-adults-living-in-riyadh-saudi-arabia
#15
Arwa Aldeeri, Haya Alzaid, Renad Alshunaiber, Shahad Meaigel, Naila A Shaheen, Abdallah Adlan
Self-medication is a widespread behavior worldwide. It is defined as the practice of self-diagnosis and drug prescription without proper professional consultation. Aim: To determine the prevalence and predictors of self-medication for oral health problems among adults living in Riyadh city. Methods: A cross-sectional study based on a structured close-ended questionnaire was distributed among adults visiting shopping malls in all different five regions of Riyadh. A two-stage sampling technique was used: cluster and simple random sampling...
February 1, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387439/assessment-of-knowledge-and-education-relating-to-asthma-during-pregnancy-among-women-of-childbearing-age
#16
Mohammed O Al Ghobain, Mohammed AlNemer, Mohammad Khan
Background: Misconceptions about medications' safety can lead pregnant women with asthma to stop their medications, resulting in asthma-related neonatal morbidity and mortality. Our aim was to assess the level of pregnancy-related asthma knowledge and education about asthma medications' safety, among women of childbearing age with a history of bronchial asthma. Methods: A cross-sectional survey of convenience sample of outpatient clinic attendees of Pulmonary, Family Medicine and Obstetrics & Gynecology among women of childbearing age with history of asthma at King Abdulaziz Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia...
2018: Asthma Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387252/graphic-warnings-and-text-warning-labels-on-cigarette-packages-in-riyadh-kingdom-of-saudi-arabia-awareness-and-perceptions
#17
Hoda Jradi, Basema Saddik
BACKGROUND: Graphic warning labels have been shown to be effective in smoking initiation and cessation and were implemented in Saudi Arabia in 2012. To date, no study has assessed the effectiveness of these labels and the Saudi population's perceptions on the effectiveness of cigarette health warning labels. METHODS: We used a cross-sectional qualitative study comprising of nine focus groups among 3 different community group members including health-care workers, adult women and adult men...
January 2018: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386961/painful-diabetic-peripheral-neuropathy-among-saudi-diabetic-patients-is-common-but-under-recognized-multicenter-cross-sectional-study-at-primary-health-care-setting
#18
Metab A Algeffari
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of painful diabetic peripheral neuropathy (PDPN) and its associated risk factors in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus attending primary health care (PHC) in Saudi Arabia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A multicenter, cross-sectional study evaluated 242 type 2 diabetics who attended the National Guard PHC clinics in Riyadh. Trained physicians obtained the relevant data and medical history and assessed PDPN using the Michigan Neuropathy Screening Instrument...
January 2018: Journal of Family & Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386959/falls-among-elderly-and-its-relation-with-their-health-problems-and-surrounding-environmental-factors-in-riyadh
#19
Sulaiman A Alshammari, Abdullatif M Alhassan, Matar A Aldawsari, Faisal O Bazuhair, Fahad K Alotaibi, Ahmed A Aldakhil, Faroq W Abdulfattah
BACKGROUND: Falls among the elderly are one of the major causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide. They constitute the second leading cause of unintentional deaths after road-traffic accidents. The aim of the study was to estimate the prevalence of falls among the elderly and to investigate the factors that contribute to this phenomenon. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional analytical study was conducted in the elderly, over the age of 60, in Riyadh. The sample under scrutiny was estimated to be 357 in total...
January 2018: Journal of Family & Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383292/clinical-research-skills-assessment-an-investigation-into-the-determinants-of-effective-research
#20
Mohamad Al-Tannir, Isamme AlFayyad, Amani Abu-Shaheen, Ahmed Al-Badr, Fatimah Al Mousawi
Background Developing individual research skills and enhancing the institutional research culture leads to quality research capabilities and research excellence at the national level. We aim to assess the educational needs of healthcare providers regarding research skills at King Fahad Medical City (KFMC), Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Methods From February 2016 to October 2016, we conducted a cross-sectional study using a self-administered questionnaire of the healthcare providers at KFMC. The questionnaire targeted staff who have not been involved in research (n=353; "category-1"), staff who received Institutional Review Board (IRB) approval (n=94; "category-2"), and staff who have completed and published their research (n=53; "category-3")...
November 22, 2017: Curēus
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