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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666693/removal-of-nasogastric-tube-accidentally-stitched-to-roux-en-y-oesophagojejunostomy-following-a-radical-gastrectomy-for-stomach-cancer-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#1
Ayman Z Azzam, Kareem A Azzam, Tarek Amin
Nasogastric tubes (NGTs) are important for feeding, stenting and decompression after gastrointestinal surgeries, particularly in the upper gastrointestinal tract. Resistance in the removal of a NGT is a rare surgical complication and may be due to a knot in the tube or a stitch anchoring the tube to an anastomosis . We report a 41-year-old male patient who was admitted to the King Faisal Specialist Hospital & Research Center, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, in 2015 with stomach cancer. He underwent a radical total gastrectomy with a Roux-en-Y oesophagojejunostomy...
February 2018: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662333/the-prevalence-of-hypovitaminosis-d-and-its-associated-risk-factors-among-women-of-reproductive-age-in-saudi-arabia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
Riyadh A Alzaheb
Vitamin D deficiency is currently a worldwide epidemic. Middle Eastern countries, including Saudi Arabia, have high vitamin D deficiency prevalence, most prominently among women, despite their plentiful year-round sunshine. Previous research investigating vitamin D status among Saudi women of reproductive age (15-49 years) is scarce, and no study has used a nationally representative sample, so this review quantified overall hypovitaminosis D prevalence among women in Saudi Arabia and explored the associated risk factors...
2018: Clinical Medicine Insights. Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662044/vitamin-d-deficiency-prevalence-and-predictors-in-early-pregnancy-among-arab-women
#3
Sara Al-Musharaf, Mona A Fouda, Iqbal Z Turkestani, Abdulrahman Al-Ajlan, Shaun Sabico, Abdullah M Alnaami, Kaiser Wani, Syed Danish Hussain, Buthaynah Alraqebah, Amal Al-Serehi, Naemah M Alshingetti, Nasser Al-Daghri, Philip G McTernan, Sunil J Wimalawansa, Ponnusamy Saravanan
Data regarding the prevalence and predictors of vitamin D deficiency during early pregnancy are limited. This study aims to fill this gap. A total of 578 Saudi women in their 1st trimester of pregnancy were recruited between January 2014 and December 2015 from three tertiary care antenatal clinics in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Information collected includes socio-economic, anthropometric, and biochemical data, including serum vitamin D (25(OH)D) levels, intake of calcium and vitamin D, physical activity, and sun exposure indices...
April 15, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661625/unusual-presentation-of-middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-coronavirus-leading-to-a-large-outbreak-in-riyadh-during-2017
#4
Hala Amer, Abdulrahman S Alqahtani, Hind Alzoman, Nawfal Aljerian, Ziad A Memish
BACKGROUND: The hallmark of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) disease is the ability to cause major health care-associated nosocomial outbreaks with superspreading events leading to massive numbers of cases and excessive morbidity and mortality. In this report, we describe a patient who presented with acute renal failure requiring hemodialysis and became a MERS-CoV superspreader, igniting a recent multihospital outbreak in Riyadh. MATERIAL AND RESULTS: Between May 31 and June 15, 2017, 44 cases of MERS-CoV infection were reported from 3 simultaneous clusters from 3 health care facilities in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, including 11 fatal cases...
April 13, 2018: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657685/nurses-perceptions-of-spirituality-and-spiritual-care-at-five-tertiary-care-hospitals-in-riyadh-saudi-arabia-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Bayan Kaddourah, Amani Abu-Shaheen, Mohamad Al-Tannir
Objectives: To identify the perceptions towards spirituality and spiritual care among nurses at tertiary care hospitals in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on nurses at five tertiary care hospitals in Riyadh. The data were collected using the Spirituality and Spiritual Care Rating Scale (SSCRS). Results: We recruited 978 nurses, of which 896 (91.6%) were female. The mean SSCRS score was 3.8±0.5 (the spirituality and spiritual care statements fell within the 'agree' category)...
March 2018: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657505/knowledge-and-attitude-of-health-care-professionals-toward-adverse-drug-reactions-reporting-at-king-saud-medical-city
#6
Khaja Moinuddin, Sheraz Ali, Amal Qadri Al-Aqqad, Sara Osama Salem, Maram Abdullah Al-Dossari, Abdullah Mohammad Ananzeh, Jaffer Bin Baqar
Background: Health-care professionals across the globe are obligated to report adverse drug reactions (ADRs). The knowledge of ADRs and attitude of health-care professionals toward ADRs reporting is vital for patient safety. This study intends to investigate the knowledge of ADRs and attitude of health-care professionals toward ADRs reporting. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study using an anonymous questionnaire was conducted over a period of 3 months (September 2016 to November 2016) at King Saud Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia...
January 2018: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656480/development-of-a-risk-prediction-model-for-middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-coronavirus-infection-in-dialysis-patients
#7
Anwar E Ahmed, Abeer N Alshukairi, Hamdan Al-Jahdali, Mody Alaqeel, Salma S Siddiq, Hanan A Alsaab, Ezzeldin A Sakr, Hamed A Alyahya, Munzir M Alandonisi, Alaa T Subedar, Nouf M Aloudah, Salim Baharoon, Majid A Alsalamah, Sameera Al Johani, Mohammed G Alghamdi
Introduction The Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infection can cause transmission clusters and high mortality in hemodialysis facilities. We attempted to develop a risk-prediction model to assess the early risk of MERS-CoV infection in dialysis patients. Methods This two-center retrospective cohort study included 104 dialysis patients who were suspected of MERS-CoV infection and diagnosed with rRT-PCR between September 2012 and June 2016 at King Fahd General Hospital in Jeddah and King Abdulaziz Medical City in Riyadh...
April 14, 2018: Hemodialysis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650308/the-impact-of-social-media-based-support-groups-on-smoking-relapse-prevention-in-saudi-arabia
#8
Hamidi Al Onezi, Mohamed Khalifa, Ashraf El-Metwally, Mowafa Househ
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Tobacco smoking remains a major preventable cause of mortality and morbidity across the globe. People who attempt to quit smoking often experience episodes of relapse before finally quitting. Understanding the part that social networking sites and social media can play in smoking cessation and prevention of relapse is important to aid the development of novel techniques to curb the smoking epidemic. This study investigated the use of extra-treatment provided outside of the formal healthcare setting, bolstered by online social support in order to prevent smoking relapse in Saudi Arabia...
June 2018: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649550/healthcare-workers-exposure-to-middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-corona-virus-mers-cov-revision-of-screening-strategies-urgently-needed
#9
Hala Amer, Abdulrahman S Alqahtani, Faisal Alaklobi, Juhaina Altayeb, Ziad A Memish
OBJECTIVES: MERS-CoV continues to cause frequent hospital outbreaks in Saudi Arabia with emergency departments as the initial site of the spread of this virus. METHODS: We assessed the transmission risks of MERS-CoV infection to HCWs in an outbreak in Riyadh. All HCWs with unprotected exposure to confirmed cases were tested after 24hours of exposure. Two negative results for MERS-CoV 3days apart and being free of any suggestive signs and symptoms were used to stop their isolation...
April 9, 2018: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643885/anca-associated-vasculitis-in-patients-from-saudi-arabia
#10
Abdurhman Saud Al Arfaj, Najma Khalil
Objective: To explore clinical and laboratory features, therapy and outcome of antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCA) associated vasculitis (AAV) patients from our tertiary care center. Methods: This study of AAV patients seen in Rheumatology clinics at King Khalid University hospital (KKUH), King Saud University, Riyadh during the period 1990-2014 was carried out retrospectively. Demographic, clinical, haematological and immunological parameters along with therapy, complications and outcome were retrieved from patients' medical charts...
January 2018: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629332/extent-of-awareness-regarding-oral-health-and-dental-treatment-needs-among-individuals-with-hearing-and-speech-impairments-in-saudi-arabia
#11
Mohammed Mustafa, Faris Yahya I Asiri, Shahad AlGhannam, Ibrahim Ali Mohammed AlQarni, Mohammed Abdullah AlAteeg, Sukumaran Anil
Objective: This study aims to evaluate the awareness level of the individuals with hearing and speech impairments (deaf and dumb individuals), in relation to their oral health and dental treatment needs. Materials and Methods: The approach of stratified randomization method of sampling was used for the selection of participants. About 240 people with hearing and speech impairments (deaf and dumb) were selected from four cities of Saudi Arabia, which includes AlKharj, Riyadh, Dammam and Abha...
January 2018: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628758/effect-of-anterior-crowding-or-spacing-on-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Ali H Hassan, Nour M Hobani, Sara M Almokri, Nour M Almokri, Faiza G Alotibi, Ehab N Alshouibi
Introduction: Oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) involves many aspects such as chewing ability, sleeping, social interactions, self-esteem, and satisfaction with life and oral health. The increasing research interest in OHRQoL began only after the shortcomings of previous approaches of treating symptoms only and neglecting the patient's self-perception were revealed. Patients and methods: The current study design is a cross-sectional study of patients who attended King Abdulaziz University Dental Hospital (Jeddah, Saudi Arabia) and King Saud University Dental Hospital (Riyadh, Saudi Arabia)...
2018: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626782/induced-bioelectrochemical-metabolism-for-bioremediation-of-petroleum-refinery-wastewater-optimization-of-applied-potential-and-flow-of-wastewater
#13
Gunda Mohanakrishna, Riyadh I Al-Raoush, Ibrahim M Abu-Reesh
Hybrid based bioelectrochemical system (BES) configured with embedded anode and cathode electrodes in soil was tested for the bioelectrochemical degradation of petroleum refinery wastewater (PRW). Four applied potentials were studied to optimize under batch mode operation, among which 2 V resulted in higher COD degradation (69.2%) and power density (725 mW/m2 ) during 7 days of operation. Further studies with continuous mode of operation at optimized potential (2 V) showed that hydraulic retention time (HRT) of 19 h achieved the highest COD removal (37%) and highest power density (561 mW/m2 )...
March 29, 2018: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626737/treatment-satisfaction-questionnaire-for-medication-validation-of-the-translated-arabic-version-among-patients-undergoing-warfarin-therapy-in-saudi-arabia
#14
Sireen Abdul Rahim Shilbayeh, Sarah Ahmed Alyahya, Nouf Hayef Alshammari, Wejdan Ali Almutairi, Eiad Shaheen
OBJECTIVES: To validate the psychometric properties of the translated Arabic version of the Treatment Satisfaction Questionnaire for Medication (TSQM 1.4) for patients on warfarin therapy in Saudi anticoagulation clinics (ACCs). METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted at the Security Forces Hospital ACC in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. It involved administering questionnaires related to patients' satisfaction and assessing adherence through interviews. The quality of the international normalized ratio control was assessed using the Rosendaal method...
April 4, 2018: Value in Health Regional Issues
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623870/comparative-evidence-of-the-consumption-from-fast-food-restaurants-between-normal-weight-and-obese-saudi-schoolchildren
#15
Hmidan A Alturki, Denise Sk Brookes, Peter Sw Davies
OBJECTIVE: To provide an in-depth analysis of the relationship between obesity and fast-food consumption by comparing urban obese and normal-weight Saudi Arabian children. DESIGN: A multicentre cross-sectional study was conducted from December 2015 to March 2016. Participants were divided into two groups (normal weight and obese) and further stratified by sex. Groups were randomly selected using a multistage stratified cluster-sampling technique. A self-paced questionnaire was used to collect data relating to food consumption...
April 6, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623018/links-between-employment-related-factors-and-physical-and-mental-health-among-uninsured-expatriate-males-in-saudi-arabia
#16
Abdulwahab A Alkhamis, Shaima S Ali Miraj
Objectives: The objectives were to determine whether employment-related factors had influence on physical and mental health outcomes among uninsured expatriates working in Saudi Arabia and to identify whether these factors act as facilitators or barriers to health. Methods: Cross-sectional face-to-face interviewsusing previously published methodswere conducted among a multistage stratified cluster sample of 1370 employees as their problemsin seeking health benefits have notbeen studied...
January 2018: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623016/evaluation-of-diabetes-care-management-in-primary-clinics-based-on-the-guidelines-of-american-diabetes-association
#17
Ahmed Ismail Albarrak, Rafiuddin Mohammed, Bushra Assery, Dalya Allam, Sarah Al Morit, Reem Al Saleh, Reem Zare'a
Objective: There is a rapid increase in the incidence of diabetes mellitus in Saudi Arabia. Diabetes management is an essential constituent to prevent prognosis of diabetes complications. The main objective of this study was to assess diabetes care in primary clinics based on the guidelines of American Diabetes Association (ADA). Methods: A retrospective study at King Khaled University Hospitals, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. A total of 200 patients were randomly selected from the databases of primary care clinics...
January 2018: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620542/donor-specific-hla-dq-antibodies-may-contribute-to-poor-graft-outcome-after-heart-transplantation
#18
Osama Omrani, Moheeb Alawwami, Jehad Buraiki, Nedim Selimovic
BACKGROUND: HLA-DQ donor-specific antibodies (DSA) are implicated in allograft dysfunction after renal and lung transplantation. Limited data exists on the impact of HLA-DQ antibodies on heart transplant patients. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of DSA formation on allograft function and outcomes in heart transplant patients. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Collating post-transplantation patient data from computerized database in a tertiary hospital in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia from January 2006 to October 2014...
March 2018: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619491/diabetes-and-driving-recommendations-among-healthcare-providers-in-saudi-arabia-a-significant-gap-that-requires-action
#19
Mohammed A Batais, Ayedh K Alamri, Mohammed A Alghammass, Omar A Alzamil, Badr A Almutairi, Nassr Al-Maflehi, Turky H Almigbal
To assess healthcare providers' knowledge and awareness of the recommendations for drivers with insulin-treated diabetes in Saudi Arabia. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among healthcare providers working at 4 tertiary hospitals in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia between April 2016 and December 2016 using a self-administered questionnaire. Results: A total of 285 healthcare providers completed the survey (response rate 88.5%). Most (70.2%) were aware of the safe driving recommendations for patients with insulin-treated diabetes...
April 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619489/causes-and-management-of-urogenital-fistulas-a-retrospective-cohort-study-from-a-tertiary-referral-center-in-saudi-arabia
#20
Somia A Osman, Ahmad H Al-Badr, Ola T Malabarey, Ashraf M Dawood, Badr N AlMosaieed, Diaa E E Rizk
OBJECTIVES: To reviewe the etiology and management of urogenital fistulas at a tertiary care referral center. METHODS: We retrospectively identified all patients with urogenital fistula referred to the King Fahad Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, between January 2005 and July 2016 from electronic records. We collected data on age, parity, etiology and type of fistula, radiologic findings, management, and outcome. Results: Of the 32 patients with urogenital fistula identified, 17 (53...
April 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
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