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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725153/ovulation-induction-by-metformin-among-obese-versus-non-obese-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#1
Yazed Sulaiman Al-Ruthia, Hazem Al-Mandeel, Hisham AlSanawi, Wael Mansy, Reem AlGasem, Lama AlMutairi
OBJECTIVES: There is some evidence that the efficacy of metformin as an ovulation stimulation agent depends on the body mass index (BMI) of the treated anovulatory women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). The aim of this study was to examine the likelihood of successful ovulation among obese (BMI ⩾30 kg/m(2)) versus non-obese (BMI <30 kg/m(2)) women with PCOS. METHODS: A total of 243 medical charts of women with PCOS who visited King Khaled University Hospital (KKUH) in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, between 2006 and 2012 were reviewed...
July 2017: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725147/shortage-of-psychotropic-medications-in-community-pharmacies-in-saudi-arabia-causes-and-solutions
#2
Yazed Sulaiman Al-Ruthia, Wael Mansy, Mohammad Barasin, Yazeed Mohammad Ghawaa, Mohammed AlSultan, Mohammad A Alsenaidy, Solaiman Alhawas, Sultan AlGhadeer
Background: Patients with mental disorders, such as depression and anxiety, who seek medical care in private psychiatric clinics in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, have recently expressed concerns to doctors about difficulty in filling psychotropic medications, such as Amitriptyline and Aripiprazole, at retail community pharmacies. Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate whether there is a shortage of some commonly prescribed psychotropic medications in retail community pharmacies in Saudi Arabia, and if so, to explore the possible reasons behind the shortage of these medications...
July 2017: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725128/quality-of-communication-between-dentists-and-dental-laboratory-technicians-for-fixed-prosthodontics-in-riyadh-saudi-arabia
#3
Huda Tulbah, Eman AlHamdan, Amal AlQahtani, Asma AlShahrani, Mona AlShaye
The fabrication of a clinically acceptable dental prosthesis requires proper communication between the dentist and the dental technician. Prosthodontic educators have been concerned with this interaction and communication. Fixed prosthodontics laboratories revealed that the technicians are often dissatisfied with the information provided in work authorizations. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the quality of communication between dentists and laboratory technicians via work authorizations for fixed prosthodontics in both governmental and private dental laboratories in Riyadh area from the technician's perspective...
July 2017: Saudi Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713107/study-on-personality-types-of-dentists-in-different-disciplines-of-dentistry
#4
Yousef H Al-Dlaigan, Albatool S Alahmari, Sara H Almubarak, Sahar A Alateeq, Sukumaran Anil
AIM: The purpose of this study was to determine the most common personality type among dentists in seven selected clinical dentistry specialties using the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) and to compare between these different types of personalities. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A survey containing the MBTI and demographic and practice questions was used to assess the personality styles of 243 dental specialists in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. The survey results were analyzed using descriptive statistics...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709419/the-clinical-and-virological-features-of-the-first-imported-case-causing-mers-cov-outbreak-in-south-korea-2015
#5
Ji Yeon Lee, You-Jin Kim, Eun Hee Chung, Dae-Won Kim, Ina Jeong, Yeonjae Kim, Mi-Ran Yun, Sung Soon Kim, Gayeon Kim, Joon-Sung Joh
BACKGROUND: In 2015, the largest outbreak of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infection outside the Middle East occurred in South Korea. We summarized the epidemiological, clinical, and laboratory findings of the first Korean case of MERS-CoV and analyzed whole-genome sequences of MERS-CoV derived from the patient. CASE PRESENTATION: A 68-year-old man developed fever and myalgia 7 days after returning to Korea, following a 10-day trip to the Middle East...
July 14, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705122/the-effect-of-using-mobile-applications-for-improving-oral-hygiene-in-patients-with-orthodontic-fixed-appliances-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#6
Omar H Alkadhi, Mohammed N Zahid, Read S Almanea, Husam K Althaqeb, Turki H Alharbi, Nancy M Ajwa
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of using mobile applications active reminders to improve oral hygiene in comparison to verbal oral hygiene instructions. DESIGN: Two-arm parallel randomised controlled trial. SETTING: orthodontic clinics at two branches of a university hospitals of the college of dentistry of Riyadh Colleges of Dentistry and Pharmacy, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. PARTICIPANTS: Forty-four 12-year-old and older subjects...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704828/extremely-high-prevalence-of-maternal-and-neonatal-vitamin-d-deficiency-in-the-arab-population
#7
Mona A Fouda, Iqbal Z Turkestani, Sara Almusharraf, Abdulrahman Al-Ajlan, Fatima F Angkaya-Bagayawa, Shaun Sabico, Ashry Gad Mohammed, Rana Hassanato, Amal Al-Serehi, Naemah M Alshingetti, Nasser M Al-Daghri
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D deficiency is a global public health problem. The published literature on vitamin D deficiency is limited among Arab pregnant women and its association with different metabolic markers. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in Arab pregnant women and neonates and its association with various biomarker profiles. METHODS: This is a multicenter study taken from a large prospective project in Riyadh, the capital city of Saudi Arabia...
July 14, 2017: Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702784/cementless-modular-distally-fixed-stem-in-hip-revision-arthroplasty-a-single-center-study-of-132-consecutive-hips
#8
Ali Hashem, Ammar Al-Azzawi, Hasan Riyadh, Sebastian Mukka, Arkan Sayed-Noor
PURPOSE: The use of cementless, modular, distally fixed stem in hip revision arthroplasty has increased during the last decades. We aimed to analyze the early and late postoperative complications, re-operation rate, and survival rate of the MP stem operated at our county hospital with relatively limited caseload. METHODS: In this retrospective study, we included 132 hips operated with MP stem between January 2007-2014. An independent observer reviewed patients' medical records in July 2015 (18-102 months postoperatively, median 52...
July 12, 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697042/factors-associated-with-different-symptom-domains-among-postmenopausal-saudi-women-in-riyadh-saudi-arabia
#9
AlJohara M AlQuaiz, Ambreen Kazi, Fawzia Habib, Muneerah AlBugami, Aida AlDughaither
OBJECTIVE: To determine factors associated with different symptom domains among postmenopausal Saudi women in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, interviews were conducted with 542 postmenopausal Saudi women, comprising sociodemographic history, social support, and the Menopause-specific Quality of Life questionnaire. RESULTS: The mean age of participants was 58 (±7.0) years, and the mean age at menopause was 49 (±4...
July 10, 2017: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690480/the-use-of-planned-behavior-theory-in-predicting-cigarette-smoking-among-waterpipe-smokers
#10
Naif H Alanazi, Jerry W Lee, Hildemar Dos Santos, Jayakaran S Job, Khaled Bahjri
BACKGROUND: Waterpipe and cigarette smoking have been found to be associated with each other as cigarette smokers were more likely to be waterpipe users than non-cigarette smokers. Also, waterpipe smokers were likely to be former daily cigarette users. The aim of this study is to examine the likelihood of waterpipe use leading to cigarette use among current waterpipe users using theory of planned behavior. METHODS: Four hundred six current waterpipe smokers who initially had started tobacco use with the waterpipe were recruited from 15 waterpipe lounges in 2015...
2017: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689525/the-use-of-recombinant-nag-protein-in-spinal-cord-crush-injury-in-a-rat-model
#11
Mohammad M Al-Qattan, Amro Al-Habib, Feras Alshomer, Reginald Bagayawa, Durria Ahmed, Ghada Al-Nafisah, Muhammed Al-Motairi, Hisham Alkhaildi, Medhat K Shier
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the therapeutic properties of nAG protein during the recovery following acute spinal cord injuries in the rat. STUDY DESIGN: An experimental study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, from September 2014 to September 2015. METHODOLOGY: Eight rats were studied (4 control rats and 4 experimental rats; and hence 50% were controls and 50% were experimental). All rats were subjected to an acute spinal cord injury using the aneurysmal clip injury model...
June 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679931/professional-values-among-female-nursing-students-in-saudi-arabia
#12
Rabia S Allari, Samantha Ismaile, Mowafa Househ
Professional values are essential to nursing practice because they guide standards for working, provide a structure for evaluating behavior, and influence decisions making. The purpose of this study is to explore the perception of Saudi female nursing students on professional values and to assess the correlation between their perception of professional values in relation to their year of academic studies. We used a cross-sectional descriptive study where a survey was administered to 150 Saudi female nurses living in Riyadh...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678212/functional-recovery-differences-after-stroke-rehabilitation-in-patients-with-uni-or-bilateral-hemiparesis
#13
Saad M Bindawas, Hussam M Mawajdeh, Vishal S Vennu, Hisham M Alhaidary
OBJECTIVE: To examine the functional recovery differences after stroke rehabilitation in patients with uni- or bilateral hemiparesis. METHODS: In this retrospective study, we included data from the medical record of all 383 patients with uni- or bilateral hemiparesis after stroke who were admitted to King Fahad Medical City-Rehabilitation Hospital between 2008 and 2014 in Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. According to the site of hemiparesis, we classified patients into 3 groups: right hemiparesis (n=208), left hemiparesis (n=157), and bilateral hemipareses (n=18)...
July 2017: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674720/trends-and-demographic-characteristics-of-saudi-cosmetic-surgery-patients
#14
Sami E Alharethy
To  present the demographic characteristics of Saudi patients undergoing cosmetic procedures.  Methods: This prospective study survey was conducted in 3 private cosmetic surgery centers in different regions of Saudi Arabia (Riyadh and Jeddah) between January and August 2016. Validated questionnaire with modification was used and the following patient's information were provided: age group, height and weight, marital status, number of children, age of the patient's spouse, educational level, monthly income, name of the cosmetic procedure, names of any previous cosmetic procedures and their reason for cosmetic procedure...
July 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674719/prostate-cancer-screening-in-a-low-prevalence-population-is-it-worth-it
#15
Mostafa A Arafa, Karim H Farhat, Mohamed A Al-Atawi, Danny M Rabah
OBJECTIVES: To embrace a national screening program for prostate cancer, putting into consideration the cost, and the attitude of the general population towards such screening. METHODS: Men aged greater than 45 and less than 70 years were invited to participate in the current prospective study conducted at  King Saud University Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia between December 2014 and July 2015. Those with confirmed high prostate-specific antigen (PSA) (≥4 ng/ml) were referred to the urology clinic, then subjected to magnetic resonance imaging...
July 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674717/obstetric-brachial-plexus-injury-knowledge-among-health-care-providers-in-saudi-arabia
#16
Rakan S Al-Essa, Rakan M Al-Khilaiwi, Ali A Al-Qahtani, Abdullah M Al-Thunayan, Mohammad M Al-Qattan
To assess the basic knowledge on obstetric brachial plexus injury among obstetricians, pediatricians, and physio-/occupational therapists in major hospitals in Riyadh.  We aimed to identify if inadequate knowledge is the reason behind delayed referrals to the Hand Clinic. Methods: This is a cross-sectional questionnaire-based study  conducted at 5 major hospitals in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia between June 2015 and August 2015.  A questionnaire of 6 questions (multiple choice closed-ended questions) was given to obstetricians, pediatricians, and  physio-/occupational therapists' in these selected hospitals...
July 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674716/intensive-care-unit-nurses-perceptions-of-the-obstacles-to-the-end-of-life-care-in-saudi-arabia
#17
Zakaria A Mani, Mahmoud A Ibrahim
OBJECTIVES: To explore nurses' perceptions of obstacles to the provision of end of life care (EoLC) in the intensive care unit (ICU) in Saudi Arabia. METHODS: A modified version of a questionnaire developed by Beckstrand and Kirchhoff was administered in one setting at Riyadh, Saudi Arabia between March and April 2015. RESULTS: A total of 87 questionnaires were returned from 140 potential respondents, representing a 62% response rate. Findings highlighted concerns associated with patient's family, physicians who differed in opinions, cultural differences and language barriers...
July 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671691/germline-chd8-haploinsufficiency-alters-brain-development-in-mouse
#18
Andrea L Gompers, Linda Su-Feher, Jacob Ellegood, Nycole A Copping, M Asrafuzzaman Riyadh, Tyler W Stradleigh, Michael C Pride, Melanie D Schaffler, A Ayanna Wade, Rinaldo Catta-Preta, Iva Zdilar, Shreya Louis, Gaurav Kaushik, Brandon J Mannion, Ingrid Plajzer-Frick, Veena Afzal, Axel Visel, Len A Pennacchio, Diane E Dickel, Jason P Lerch, Jacqueline N Crawley, Konstantinos S Zarbalis, Jill L Silverman, Alex S Nord
The chromatin remodeling gene CHD8 represents a central node in neurodevelopmental gene networks implicated in autism. We examined the impact of germline heterozygous frameshift Chd8 mutation on neurodevelopment in mice. Chd8(+/del5) mice displayed normal social interactions with no repetitive behaviors but exhibited cognitive impairment correlated with increased regional brain volume, validating that phenotypes of Chd8(+/del5) mice overlap pathology reported in humans with CHD8 mutations. We applied network analysis to characterize neurodevelopmental gene expression, revealing widespread transcriptional changes in Chd8(+/del5) mice across pathways disrupted in neurodevelopmental disorders, including neurogenesis, synaptic processes and neuroimmune signaling...
June 26, 2017: Nature Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668655/seasonal-variations-of-respiratory-viruses-detected-from-children-with-respiratory-tract-infections-in-riyadh-saudi-arabia
#19
Saad Sawal Albogami, Meshal R Alotaibi, Saud A Alsahli, Emad Masuadi, Mohammad Alshaalan
ARTIs have a huge impact in health systems in which 20-30% of all hospital admissions and 30-60% of practitioner visits are related to respiratory tract infections. The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence, age distribution, and seasonal variation of respiratory viruses. This study was descriptive retrospective study in which all patients 14 years of age and below who presented with signs and symptoms of ARTIs between January 2013 and December 2014 and had respiratory specimen tested by direct immunofluorescence assays for viruses identification were included in the study...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663705/investigation-of-gut-microbial-communities-associated-with-indigenous-honey-bee-apis-mellifera-jemenitica-from-two-different-eco-regions-of-saudi-arabia
#20
Khalid Ali Khan, Mohammad Javed Ansari, Ahmad Al-Ghamdi, Adgaba Nuru, Steve Harakeh, Javaid Iqbal
The microbial communities associated with the alimentary tract of honey bees are very important as they help with food digestion, provide essential nutrients, protect the host from pathogens, detoxify harmful molecules, and increase host immunity. In this study, the structural diversity of the gut microbial communities of native honey bees, Apis mellifera jemenitica from two different geographical regions (Riyadh and Al-Baha) of Saudi Arabia was analyzed by culture-dependent methods and 16S ribosomal RNA (rRNA) gene sequencing...
July 2017: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
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