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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629200/level-of-sedentary-behavior-and-its-associated-factors-among-saudi-women-working-in-office-based-jobs-in-saudi-arabia
#1
Nada M Albawardi, Hoda Jradi, Abdulla A Almalki, Hazzaa M Al-Hazzaa
Research in Saudi Arabia has revealed a shocking level of insufficiently physically active adults, particularly women. The risk of sedentary behavior will likely increase as the number of women with office-based jobs increases. The aim of this study is to determine the level of sedentary behavior, and its associated factors, among Saudi women working office-based jobs in the city of Riyadh. A cross-sectional study of 420 Saudi female employees at 8 office-based worksites were measured to determine body mass index and were given a self-administered survey to evaluate their level of physical activity and sedentary behavior...
June 19, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625842/dynamics-of-scientific-publications-on-the-mers-cov-outbreaks-in-saudi-arabia
#2
REVIEW
Ali Rabaan, Shamsah H Al-Ahmed, Ali M Bazzi, Jaffar A Al-Tawfiq
Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV) is an emerging disease with a relatively high case fatality rate. Most cases have been reported from Saudi Arabia, and the disease epidemic potential is considered to be limited. However, human-human transmission has occurred, usually in the context of healthcare facility-associated outbreaks. The scientific and medical community depends on timely publication of epidemiological information on emerging diseases during outbreaks to appropriately target public health responses...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621277/botulinum-toxin-for-the-treatment-of-gummv-smile
#3
Afnan F Al-Fouzan, Lamia S Mokeem, Reem T Al-Saqat, Maisa A Alfalah, Mana A Alharbi, Abdullah E Al-Samary
AIM: The aim was to evaluate the effect of botulinum toxin (Botox) injections as a conservative treatment for gummy smile. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An experimental in vivo study was conducted at a dermatology clinic in Riyadh in January 2016. The study included 23 female patients who ranged from 20 to 50 years and were treated with Botox injections due to excessive maxillary gingival display. The patients with short clinical crowns or long maxilla, those who were pregnant or breastfeeding, and patients with neuromuscular disorders were excluded...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611264/symptoms-of-daytime-sleepiness-and-sleep-apnea-in-liver-cirrhosis-patients
#4
Abdullah Enezi, Fares Al-Jahdali, Anwar Ahmed, Nahid Shirbini, Abdullah Harbi, Baharoon Salim, Yosra Ali, Aljumah Abdulrahman, Mohd Khan, Abdullah Khaleid, Al-Jahdali Hamdan
Background/propose. Sleep disturbance and excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) have been reported in patients with hepatic cirrhosis with no hepatic encephalopathy (HE). The objective of this study was to evaluate daytime sleepiness and risk of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) among liver cirrhosis patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted at King Abdulaziz Medical City (KAMC)-Riyadh over a period of six months, using a structured questionnaire that investigated: 1) Sleep patterns and daytime sleepiness using the Epworth Sleeping Scale (ESS), and 2) The risk for sleep apnea using the Berlin Questionnaire (BQ)...
August 1, 2017: Annals of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598170/synthesis-of-1-%C3%A2-2-s-linked-saccharides-and-s-linked-glycoconjugates-via-a-palladium-g3-xantphos-precatalyst-catalysis
#5
Riyadh Ahmed Atto Al-Shuaeeb, David Montoir, Mouad Alami, Samir Messaoudi
Buchwald-Hartwig-Migita cross-coupling of 1-thiosugars with 2-iodoglycals has been accomplished under mild and operationally simple reaction conditions through the use of Pd-G3 XantPhos palladacycle precatalyst. This new methodology has been successfully applied to a variety of α- or β-mono-, di-, and polythiosugar derivatives to synthesize efficiently a series of (1 → 2)-S-linked thiosaccharides and S-linked glycoconjugates, which are difficult to synthesize by classical methods.
June 21, 2017: Journal of Organic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584780/comparison-of-the-effectiveness-of-a-mobile-phone-based-education-program-in-educating-mothers-as-oral-health-providers-in-two-regions-of-saudi-arabia
#6
Saleh Ali AlKlayb, Mansour K Assery, AlJohara AlQahtani, Madawy AlAnazi, Sharat Chandra Pani
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The penetration of mobile phone devices is widespread across the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Recently, there has been evidence of the success of phone-based applications in the provision of preventive oral health care to children and their parents. The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of a mobile phone-based application in educating mothers of children aged below 6 years of age in preventive dental care. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A mobile phone-based application (iTeethey™) was developed for iPhone and Android and made freely available on Google Play and App Store...
May 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582950/the-prevalence-of-work-related-musculoskeletal-disorders-among-sonographers
#7
Tamader Y Al-Rammah, Areej S Aloufi, Saffana K Algaeed, Noura S Alogail
BACKGROUND: Work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WRMSDs) have a significant effect on the psychological and physical function of the sonographer. OBJECTIVE: This study is concerned about finding the prevalence of WRMSDs among sonographers in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and assessing how to improve future practices and develop guidelines for safe, pain-free ultrasound departments. METHODS: A survey was distributed to sonographers working in major hospitals in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia (n = 100, 83% response rate)...
June 1, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579866/prevalence-and-predictors-of-hypovitaminosis-d-among-female-university-students-in-tabuk-saudi-arabia
#8
Riyadh A Alzaheb, Osama Al-Amer
BACKGROUND: A high hypovitaminosis D prevalence has repeatedly been reported in Middle Eastern countries. Previous data regarding the vitamin D status of young women in Saudi Arabia and the related hypovitaminosis D risk factors are scarce, so this research assessed hypovitaminosis D prevalence and its risk factors among apparently healthy female university students in Tabuk, Saudi Arabia. METHODS: This cross-sectional research used a convenience sample of healthy female students (n = 180) aged between 19 and 25 years in May 2016...
2017: Clinical Medicine Insights. Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578448/topical-corticosteroids-knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-of-primary-care-physicians
#9
Sarah F Alsukait, Najd M Alshamlan, Zeina Z Alhalees, Sami N Alsuwaidan, Abdulmajeed M Alajlan
To assess knowledge, attitudes, and practices of primary care physicians (PCPs) toward topical corticosteroids (TCs). Methods: A cross-sectional, 53-item questionnaire based study on TCs was conducted among PCPs in Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia between January and March 2015. A maximum score of 30 was calculated for the knowledge portion. Results: Out of 420 PCPs, 336 responded (80%). Most participants (89.6%) reported prescribing TCs. The mean knowledge score was 17.14 (SD=5.48). Only 39% PCPs correctly identified that there are 7 or 4 TCs potency groups (2 different classification systems)...
June 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578445/knowledge-of-health-insurance-benefits-among-male-expatriates-in-saudi-arabia
#10
Abdulwahab Alkhamis
To measure expatriates' knowledge of health insurance benefits with respect to outpatient, inpatient, prescription drug, and dental services, and to link this knowledge to sociodemographic and employment characteristic.  Methods: Cross-sectional, face-to-face interviews were conducted from March 2015 to February 2016 with a stratified random sample of 3,398 male insured expatriate workers in the private sector of Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Descriptive analysis, one-way ANOVA, and linear regression were used to interpret data...
June 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578444/development-of-a-saudi-food-frequency-questionnaire-and-testing-its-reliability-and-validity
#11
Ibrahim M Gosadi, Abdullah A Alatar, Mojahed M Otayf, Dhaherah M AlJahani, Hisham M Ghabbani, Waleed A AlRajban, Abdullah M Alrsheed, Khalid A Al-Nasser
To create a food frequency questionnaire specifically designed to capture the dietary habits of Saudis and test its validity and reliability. Methods: This investigation is a longitudinal, test-retest study conducted in King Saud University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia between December 2015 and March 2016. A list of 140 food items was included in the questionnaire where a closed-ended and open-ended approach was used. Regarding past   year food frequency consumption and 24 hours dietary recall, body weight and height were collected...
June 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578441/prevalence-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-children-with-sickle-cell-disease-at-a-tertiary-hospital-in-saudi-arabia
#12
Tahani Al-Otaibi, Mansour Al-Qwaiee, Huda Faraidi, Fatima Batniji, Faisal Al-Otaibi, Adel Al-Harbi
To assess the prevalence of obstructive sleep apnea in Saudi children with sickle cell disease at a tertiary hospital in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) using nocturnal polysomnography. Methods: A prospective cross-section study was conducted between 2012 and 2016 in 65 children aged between 2-14 years at Prince Sultan Military Medical City, Riyadh, KSA with sickle cell disease. Patients answered a pediatric sleep questionnaire with the help of an accompanying caregiver and underwent polysomnography in the same night...
June 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578438/predictors-of-blood-transfusion-following-total-knee-replacement-at-a-tertiary-care-center-in-central-saudi-arabia
#13
Abdullah A Al-Turki, Abdulaziz K Al-Araifi, Bshaer A Badakhan, Mohammed T Al-Nazzawi, Suliman Alghnam, Abdulaziz S Al-Turki
To examine the incidence and predictors of blood transfusion following total knee replacement (TKR). Methods: A retrospective study on 462 patients of primary TKR at National Guard Hospital, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Descriptive statistics were compared by blood transfusion status and significant variables were further included in the multivariable model. Results: Overall transfusion rate following TKR was 35.3%. Regression analyses identified bilateral surgery, low preoperative hemoglobin (Hb) level, and high amount of blood loss as predictors of blood transfusion...
June 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578364/xeroderma-pigmentosum-at-a-tertiary-care-center-in-saudi-arabia
#14
Lenah Alwatban, Yousef Binamer
BACKGROUND: Xeroderma pigmentosum (XP) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder caused by defective DNA repair that results in extreme sensitivity to ultraviolet (UV) rays. Depending on the type of XP, the disease may affect the skin, eyes and nervous system. OBJECTIVES: Describe the dermatologic manifestations in patients suffering from XP. DESIGN: Retrospective, descriptive review of medical records. SETTING: Dermatology clinic at tertiary care center in Riyadh...
May 2017: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578363/etiology-of-optic-atrophy-a-prospective-observational-study-from-saudi-arabia
#15
Joyce N Mbekeani, Maaly Abdel Fattah, David M Poulsen, Selwa Al Hazzaa, M Anas Dababo, Abdelmoneim Eldali, Manzoor Ahmed
BACKGROUND: Optic atrophy (OA) represents permanent retinal ganglion cell loss warranting study to establish etiology. OBJECTIVES: To describe neurogenic causes of OA. DESIGN: Prospective, observational. SETTING: Tertiary care center, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We included consecutive patients of all ages with OA caused by lesions affecting the visual pathways who were referred over a 9-month period (November 2013 to July 2014)...
May 2017: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578361/current-umbilical-cord-clamping-practices-and-attitudes-of-obstetricians-and-midwives-toward-delayed-cord-clamping-in-saudi-arabia
#16
Nadia O Ibrahim, Hatouf H Sukkarieh, Rami T Bustami, Elaf A Alshammari, Lama Y Alasmari, Hanan M Al-Kadri
BACKGROUND: In Saudi Arabia, as in many countries, there is usually no clear definition of the timing of umbilical cord clamping (UCC) in the policies and procedures used by hospitals. The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends delayed cord clamping (DCC) ( > 1 minute after birth) as it can significantly improve hemodynamics and long-term neurodevelopment. OBJECTIVE: To investigate current practices of healthcare professionals on the timing of UCC in Saudi Arabia...
May 2017: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578360/cutaneous-t-cell-lymphoma-in-saudi-arabia-retrospective-single-center-review
#17
Yousef Binamer
BACKGROUND: Cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL) is an uncommon disease with various clinical presentations. The hypopigmented type is more common in individuals with a dark skin complexion. Moreover, childhood CTCL is more common in Mediterranean populations in comparison to the West. OBJECTIVE: To describe CTCL in the Saudi population. DESIGN: A retrospective collection of data on all cases of CTCL from 2010-2016. SETTING: Dermatology clinic at a tertiary center in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia...
May 2017: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578359/common-nasal-deformities-among-rhinoplasty-patients-in-a-university-hospital-in-saudi-arabia
#18
Sami Alharethy, Turki Aldrees, Reem Aljrid, Abdullah Alanazi, Saleh K Algaryan, Yong Ju Jang
BACKGROUND: Rhinoplasty has become one of the most common aesthetic procedures in the world. Few studies from the Middle East have described rhinoplasty patients in the region. OBJECTIVE: To investigate common nasal deformities in individuals seeking rhinoplasty at a single institution in Saudi Arabia. DESIGN: Retrospective study and chart review. SETTING: King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All patients seeking primary rhinoplasty who were 15 years of age and older were included...
May 2017: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578358/incidence-and-outcome-of-acute-kidney-injury-by-the-prifle-criteria-for-children-receiving-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-after-heart-surgery
#19
Raja Abou Elella, Eiad Habib, Pavla Mokrusova, Princy Joseph, Hani Aldalaty, Mamdouh Al Ahmadi, Zohair Al Halees
BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is common in patients treated with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). The RIFLE criteria demonstrate clinical relevance for diagnosing AKI and classifying its severity. OBJECTIVES: To systematically define the incidence, clinical course and outcome of AKI using the pediatric pRIFLE criteria. DESIGN: Retrospective, medical records review. SETTINGS: Pediatric cardiac surgical intensive care units at a tertiary care hospital in Riyadh...
May 2017: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572124/the-association-between-chronic-airflow-obstruction-and-poverty-in-12-sites-of-the-multinational-bold-study
#20
John Townend, Cosetta Minelli, Kevin Mortimer, Daniel O Obaseki, Mohammed Al Ghobain, Hamid Cherkaski, Myriam Denguezli, Kirthi Gunesekera, Hasan Hafizi, Parvaiz A Koul, Li C Loh, Chakib Nejjari, Jaymini Patel, Talant Sooronbayev, Sonia A Buist, Peter G J Burney
Poverty is strongly associated with mortality from COPD, but little is known of its relation to airflow obstruction.In a cross-sectional study of adults aged ≥40 years from 12 sites (N=9255), participating in the Burden of Obstructive Lung Disease (BOLD) study, poverty was evaluated using a wealth score (0-10) based on household assets. Obstruction, measured as forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1)/forced vital capacity (FVC) (%) after administration of 200 μg salbutamol, and prevalence of FEV1/FVC<lower limit of normal were tested for association with poverty for each site, and the results were combined by meta-analysis...
June 2017: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
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