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Dileep K Rohra, Vikram K Rohra, Peter Cahusac
To compare the journal impact factor (JIF) and Eigenfactor score (ES) of Institute for Scientific Information (ISI)-indexed biomedical journals published from the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) over the last 8 years. Methods: This is a retrospective study, conducted at Alfaisal University, Riyadh, KSA from January to March 2016. The Journal Citation Reports of ISI Web of Knowledge were accessed, and 6 Saudi biomedical journals were included for analysis. Results: All Saudi journals have improved their IF compared with their baseline...
November 2016: Saudi Medical Journal
Ahmed M Mandil, Nuha A Alfurayh, Manar A Aljebreen, Sarah A Aldukhi
To evaluate levels of physical activity among physicians in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia and to study the possible factors affecting physical inactivity. In addition, the study aims to estimate the prevalence of major non-communicable diseases (NCDs) and a possible correlation between physical inactivity and major NCDs.  Method: A cross-sectional approach was used for this study conducted on 370 randomly-selected outpatient physicians of both genders working at 4 leading healthcare institutions in Riyadh, Kindom of Saudi Arabia between December 2013 and January 2014...
November 2016: Saudi Medical Journal
Khalid H Al-Qahtani, Mutahir A Tunio, Mushabbab Al Asiri, Yasser Bayoumi, Walaa A Alshehri, Naji J Aljohani, Ahmed Amir Ali, Hanadi Fatani
To evaluate the clinicopathological features and treatment outcomes of papillary thyroid carcinoma tall cell variant (PTC-TCV) in Saudi population. Methods: This retrospective study were medical records of 776 treated PTC patients between December 2007 and 2015, at King Fahad Medical City and King Khalid University Hospital, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia was probed for PTC-TCV. Total 42 (5.4%) patients were found to have PTC-TCV, which were investigated for demographic, symptoms, histopathological features, and treatment outcomes locoregional control (LRC), distant metastasis control (DMC), disease free survival (DFS), and overall survival (OS) rates...
November 2016: Saudi Medical Journal
Ghaleb Elyamany, Mohamed Al Amro, Winston Costa Pereira, Omar Alsuhaibani
INTRODUCTION: Syphilis is one of the known transfusion-transmissible infections and causes 100,000 deaths yearly, with around 90% of these deaths occurring in the developing world. Little data is available regarding the prevalence of syphilis among Saudi blood and stem cell donors. We conducted a survey on the incidence of syphilis among all blood and stem cell donors. METHODS: This study was conducted at the Prince Sultan Military Medical City in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia in the 10 years period data during 2006-2015...
August 2016: Electronic Physician
Nouf Al Saleem, Khaled Al-Surimi
Frequent, preventable medical errors can have an adverse effect on patient safety and quality as well as leading to wasted resources. In the laboratory, errors can occur at any stage of sample processing; pre-analytical, analytical, and post analytical stages. However evidence shows most of the laboratory errors occur during the pre-analytical stage. The receipt and processing of specimens is one of the main steps in the pre-analytical stage. Errors in this stage could be due to mislabeling, incorrect test entry and entering the wrong location, among other reasons...
2016: BMJ Quality Improvement Reports
Ahmed I Albarrak, Rafiuddin Mohammed, Nasriah Zakaria, Lujain M Alyousef, Noura B Almefgai, Hend D Alqahtani, Hanan S Alamer, Ahlam A Alsulaiman
Background & Objectives: The present study was to investigate the use of the internet among university students accessing obesity health information and further to measure their satisfaction and in decision-making. Methods: A cross sectional study, among students at King Saud University (KSU), Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. This study received ethical clearance from Institutional Review Board, College of Medicine, KSU. Female and male of undergraduate and postgraduate, enrolled through a random sampling. The survey questionnaire was self-administered and consisted of two sections...
September 2016: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
Fahad D Alosaimi, Fay S Alruwais, Fadah A Alanazi, Ghaida A Alabidi, Nadia A Aljomah, Nuha S Alsalameh
OBJECTIVE: To explore the possible causes behind adults seeking psychotropic medications without a prescription; identify the most commonly used psychotropic medications without a prescription; and determine the prevalence of depression and anxiety disorders among adults who used psychotropic medications without a prescription in Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted from November 2014 to August 2015. A convenience sample was taken by distributing a self-administered questionnaire among participants who had obtained psychotropic medications without a prescription from retail pharmacies during the 4 weeks prior to study intake in Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia...
October 2016: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
Feryal Al-Saber, Waleed Aldosari, Mariam Alselaiti, Hesham Khalfan, Ahmed Kaladari, Ghulam Khan, George Harb, Riyadh Rehani, Sizuka Kudo, Aya Koda, Tohru Tanaka, Motowo Nakajima, Abdulla Darwish
Type 2 diabetes mellitus is prevalent especially in Gulf countries and poses serious long-term risks to patients. A multifaceted treatment approach can include nutritional supplements with antioxidant properties such as 5-aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA) with sodium ferrous citrate (SFC). This prospective, randomized, single-blind, placebo-controlled, dose escalating pilot clinical trial assessed the safety of 5-ALA with SFC at doses up to 200 mg 5-ALA/229.42 mg SFC per day in patients living in Bahrain with type 2 diabetes mellitus that was uncontrolled despite the use of one or more antidiabetic drugs...
2016: Journal of Diabetes Research
Ayman Al-Jazaeri, Firas Ghomraoui, Wejdan Al-Muhanna, Ahmed Saleem, Hazem Jokhadar, Tareq Aljurf
BACKGROUND: Privatization is widely perceived as a tool to improve healthcare access; however, its impact on the access of surgical care has not been quantified. We used cholecystectomy as a model to assess the variation in access between coexisting public (PB) and private providers (PVs). METHODS: We performed cross-sectional analysis of patients who underwent cholecystectomy at two major PB and PV groups serving Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Representative sample sizes were estimated based on 95 % confidence level and ±5 confidence interval (CI)...
October 12, 2016: World Journal of Surgery
Noura Khamis Al-Khamis
In Saudi Arabia, breast cancer is diagnosed at advanced stage compared to Western countries. Nevertheless, the perceived barriers to delayed presentation have been poorly examined. Additionally, available breast cancer awareness data are lacking validated measurement tool. The aim of this study is to evaluate the level of breast cancer awareness and perceived barriers to seeking medical care among Saudi women, using internationally validated tool. A cross-sectional study was conducted among adult Saudi women attending a primary care center in Riyadh during February 2014...
October 10, 2016: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
Hamoud A Almoshabek, Md Mustafa, Mohammed M Al-Asmari, Tahani K Alajmi, Abdulrahman K Al-Asmari
OBJECTIVES: Persistent oxidative stress is one of the several risk factors that may be associated with the etiology of obesity. The present study is aimed to investigate association between GSTM1 and GSTT1 polymorphisms with obesity and their relationship with plasma lipoproteins, body mass index (BMI) and hypertension. DESIGN: The GSTM1 and GSTT1 deletion polymorphisms were analyzed by multiplex polymerase chain reaction. The lipoproteins were measured in plasma using commercially available kit and the weight, height, systolic (SBP) and diastolic (DBP) blood pressures by standard procedure of measurements...
January 2016: JRSM Cardiovascular Disease
Syed N Alvi, Chafica El Tabache, Abdullah Al-Ashwall, Muhammad Maher Hammami
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D deficiency is common in many countries, including Saudi Arabia. Various population-level preventive measures have been implemented, including milk fortification with vitamin D. OBJECTIVES: The main objective of the study was to determine vitamin D levels in fortified low fat cow milk on the Saudi Arabian market and to compare it with the label claims. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Academic research center...
September 2016: Annals of Saudi Medicine
Abdullah M Assiri, Holly M Biggs, Glen R Abedi, Xiaoyan Lu, Abdulaziz Bin Saeed, Osman Abdalla, Mutaz Mohammed, Hail M Al-Abdely, Homoud S Algarni, Raafat F Alhakeem, Malak M Almasri, Ali A Alsharef, Randa Nooh, Dean D Erdman, Susan I Gerber, John T Watson
During July-August 2015, the number of cases of Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) reported from Saudi Arabia increased dramatically. We reviewed the 143 confirmed cases from this period and classified each based upon likely transmission source. We found that the surge in cases resulted predominantly (90%) from secondary transmission largely attributable to an outbreak at a single healthcare facility in Riyadh. Genome sequencing of MERS coronavirus from 6 cases demonstrated continued circulation of the recently described recombinant virus...
September 2016: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
Mohammad-Abdul Baseer, Shahzeb-Hasan Ansari, Sultan-Saleh AlShamrani, Abdul-Rahman Alakras, Raif Mahrous, Abdul-Majeed Alenazi
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to determine knowledge, attitude and practice of airborne and droplet isolation precautions among Dental Health Professionals (DHPs) (dental students, interns, practitioners and auxiliaries) during the outbreak of MERS (Middle East Respiratory Syndrome), corona virus infection in Riyadh city, Saudi Arabia. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 406 dental health professionals (DHPs) working in selected dental facilities in Riyadh city, Saudi Arabia during the outbreak of MERS (April-June 2013)...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
Riyadh Mohamad Hasan
BACKGROUND: Perianal abscess which can lead to a devastating complications. The management of perianal abscess involves incision and drainage by different methods one of them is packing the cavity. AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim is using Corrugate Rubber drain as an alternative to other methods. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study was an observational retrospective review of 137 'case series' of patients with perianal abscess over a fifteen-year period from January 2000 to December 2015...
November 2016: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
Haitham Mohamed Amer
Human metapneumovirus (HMPV) is an important cause of respiratory tract illness in children. Two HMPV subgroups, A and B, and four genotypes, A1, A2, B1 and B2, have been identified. Concurrent circulation of the different genotypes in yearly epidemics has been recorded globally, but not in Saudi Arabia. The current report was designed to study HMPV epidemiology in Saudi children and to analyze the genetic diversity and circulation patterns. Nasopharyngeal aspirates (n = 174) were collected from hospitalized children in Riyadh (2008-2009)...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Molecular Microbiology and Biotechnology
Moayad A Al Zamil, Mostafa A Arafa
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the level of knowledge and awareness of the cost of the currently used blood investigations, imaging studies, admission cost, and surgical instrument among surgeons in Saudi Arabia. DESIGN: It was a cross-section study conducted in Riyadh city, the capital of Saudi Arabia. SETTING: Multihealth centers including main University hospital, Military hospitals, and Ministry of health hospitals. All surgeons in the health facilities were invited to participate in the study...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
Sarah M Alyousif, Ahmed A Alsaileek
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common chronic rhythm disorder. Patients with AF are at an increased risk of ischemic stroke. Therefore, optimal anticoagulation is essential to reduce the risk of stroke. The aim of this study was to assess the level of anticoagulation control achieved in patients with nonvalvular AF receiving medical care in a tertiary care hospital. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study in ambulatory care clinics at tertiary care hospital in Saudi Arabia...
October 2016: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
Danny M Rabah, Mohamed S Mabrouki, Karim H Farhat, Mohamed A Seida, Mostafa A Arafa, Riyadh F Talic
This study was designed to find out the optimized energy delivery strategy in Shock Wave Lithotripsy (SWL) that yield to the best stone-free rate (SFR). In this clinical trial, 150 consecutive patients were randomized into three groups: (a) Dose escalation, 1500 SW at 18 kV, followed by 1500 SW at 20 kV then 1500 SW at 22 kV. (b) Constant dose, 4500 SW at 20 kV. All patients undergo plain X-ray film of the urinary tract at day 1, 14, and 90 to assess stone-free rate (SFR) which was defined as no stones or painless fragments less than 4 mm...
September 29, 2016: Urolithiasis
Sultan Ayoub Meo, Abdul Latif Mahesar, Saeed Ahmed Sheikh, Kamran Sattar, Ishfaq A Bukhari
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the research progress of Gulf Cooperation Council countries in science and social sciences. METHODS: This study was conducted in the Department of Physiology, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, from June 2014 to February 2015.All research documents related to the 1996-2013 period having an affiliation with Gulf Cooperation Council countries, including Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Kuwait, Qatar, Bahrain and Oman, were tracked...
October 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
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