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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783275/assessment-of-likelihood-ratio-for-four-contact-dermatitis-symptoms-of-vinca-minor
#1
Suman Bagchi, Chaturbhuja Nayak, Lex Rutten, Munmun Koley, Subhranil Saha, Mousumi Roy, Sk Jahir Abbas, Simantini Ghosh, Suman Halder, Ghulam Nabi Wani, Anaitulah Ahmad Mir, Showket Ahmad Bhat
BACKGROUND:  Contact dermatitis (CD) is a frequently occurring medical condition, for which Vinca minor (VM) is one of the recommended homeopathic medicines. However, the symptoms indicating this medicine have not yet been assessed systematically. Likelihood ratio (LR), based on Bayesian statistics, may yield better estimation of a medicine's indication than the existing method of entry of symptoms into materia medica and repertories. METHODS:  We investigated LRs of four CD symptoms of VM: (1) great sensitiveness of skin, with redness and soreness from slightest rubbing; (2) weeping eczema with foul, thick crusts; (3) itching amelioration in open air; and (4) CD of scalp...
May 21, 2018: Homeopathy: the Journal of the Faculty of Homeopathy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783231/allergenic-weed-pollen-forecast-under-the-mathematical-modeling-method-implementation-in-ukraine
#2
Irina I Motruk, Michael Yu Antomonov, Victoria V Rodinkova, Olena E Aleksandrova, Oleh V Yermishev
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Allergies are the most common reason of the chronic diseases in developed countries and represent an important medical, social and economic issue, the relevance of which is growing both in these countries and in Ukraine. The most famous of these allergens group is the pollen of ambrosia and pollen of poaceae, which are ubiquitously distributed in the subtropical and temperate climate. The aim: The objective of our study was to develop the mathematical models, which will be able to indicate the probability of the pollen circulation, and thus these models can simplify the forecast of symptoms risk and improve the prophylaxis of pollinosis...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782482/trauma-patients-are-safe-to-fly-72-hours-after-tube-thoracostomy-removal
#3
David Zonies, Joel Elterman, Christopher Burns, Vincent Paul, John Oh, Jeremy Cannon
BACKGROUND: Current recommendations for safe air travel following traumatic pneumothorax are 2-3 weeks after radiographic resolution. These recommendations are based on several small observational studies and expert consensus which cite a theoretical risk of recurrence and hypoxia due to decreased oxygen tension at altitude. We sought to systematically study the timing of chest drain removal after traumatic pneumothorax and risk of recurrence in relation to air travel. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of consecutively admitted patients who sustained a traumatic chest injury treated with tube thoracostomy over a 5-year period was undertaken...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780436/fragranced-consumer-products-effects-on-asthmatic-australians
#4
Anne Steinemann, Amanda J Wheeler, Alexander Larcombe
Exposure to fragranced consumer products, such as air fresheners and cleaning supplies, is associated with adverse health effects such as asthma attacks, breathing difficulties, and migraine headaches. This study investigated the prevalence and types of health problems associated with exposure to fragranced products among asthmatic Australians. Nationally representative cross-sectional data were obtained in June 2016 with an online survey of adult Australians ( n  = 1098), of which 28.5% were medically diagnosed with asthma or an asthma-like condition...
2018: Air Quality, Atmosphere, & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779154/the-effect-of-meteorological-conditions-and-air-pollution-on-the-occurrence-of-type-a-and-b-acute-aortic-dissections
#5
Nan Xie, Liqun Zou, Lei Ye
To explore the association of weather conditions and air pollutants with incidence risk of acute aortic dissection (AAD), we included patients who consecutively admitted to the emergency units of our hospital for AAD between Dec. 1, 2013, and Apr. 30, 2017. Their medical records were reviewed. The meteorological data (daily precipitation, minimal and maximal temperatures, mean atmospheric pressure, relative humidity) and air pollutants values [air daily index (AQI), aerodynamic diameter of 2.5 mm or less (PM2...
May 19, 2018: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779038/malleostapedotomy-with-the-self-fixing-and-articulated-titanium-piston
#6
J Burggraaf, E A M Mylanus, R J E Pennings, Cor Cremers
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the results of malleostapedotomy performed by applying the self-fixing and articulated titanium piston according to Häusler. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case review. SETTING: Tertiary referral center. PATIENTS AND INTERVENTIONS: This study concerns a retrospective analysis of the results of malleostapedotomy with the use of a self-fixing articulated titanium piston in 16 ears of 16 consecutively treated patients between 2005 and 2009...
May 19, 2018: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778333/radiotracer-localization-of-nonpalpable-pulmonary-nodules-a-single-center-experience
#7
Sandra L Starnes, Michael Wolujewicz, Julian Guitron, Valerie Williams, Jennifer Scheler, Ross Ristagno
OBJECTIVE: Multiple localization techniques to facilitate intraoperative identification of small or nonsolid pulmonary nodules have been developed. Radiotracer localization using technetium-labeled macroaggregated albumin has been our preferred localization method since 2009. We report our experience, including technical pitfalls and modifications, of our initial 77 patients who underwent this technique. METHODS: All patients undergoing preoperative radiotracer localization were identified from a prospective database...
April 11, 2018: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776705/-pneumothorax-in-young-cannabis-smokers-a-propos-of-three-cases
#8
M-L Chardon, J-C Dalphin, B Degano
INTRODUCTION: Cannabis consumption is common among adolescents and young adults in France. In addition to its neurological effect, cannabis smoking can induce severe pulmonary emphysema, even in young patients. When a spontaneous pneumothorax occurs in a cannabis smoker, the possibility of a secondary spontaneous pneumothorax should be considered. This may be of importance as management of secondary spontaneous pneumothorax may differ from the well-codified handling of primary spontaneous pneumothorax...
May 15, 2018: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772780/the-radon-gas-in-underground-buildings-in-clay-soils-the-plaza-balmis-shelter-as-a-paradigm
#9
Carlos Rizo Maestre, Víctor Echarri Iribarren
In healthy buildings, it is considered essential to quantify air quality. One of the most fashionable indicators is radon gas. To determine the presence of this element, which is harmful to health, in the environment, the composition of the soil is studied. The presence of radon gas within a building depends both on the terrain in which it is located and on the composition of the materials of which it is composed, and not as was previously believed, only by the composition of the soil (whether granitic or not)...
May 17, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769024/hems-inter-facility-transfer-a-case-mix-analysis
#10
Damien Di Rocco, Mathieu Pasquier, Eric Albrecht, Pierre-Nicolas Carron, Fabrice Dami
BACKGROUND: Helicopter emergency medical services (HEMS) are popular rescue systems despite inconsistent evidence in the scientific literature to support their use for primary interventions, as well as for inter-facility transfer (IFT). There is little research about IFT by HEMS, hence questions remain about the appropriateness of this method of transport. The aim of this study was to describe a case-mix of operational and medical characteristics for IFT activity of a sole HEMS base, and identify indicators of over-triage...
May 16, 2018: BMC Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767340/speculation-as-to-why-the-frequency-of-eosinophilic-esophagitis-is-increasing
#11
REVIEW
Stuart Jon Spechler
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The frequency of eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE), an immune/antigen-mediated disorder first described in 1993, has been increasing rapidly. The purpose of this review is to consider hypotheses proposed to explain this increase and to speculate on their validity. RECENT FINDINGS: The hygiene hypothesis attributes the rise of EoE to modern hygienic conditions resulting in fewer childhood infections with microbes that might have protected against allergy development...
May 16, 2018: Current Gastroenterology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767217/assessing-mentorship-experiences-of-faculty-at-a-military-academic-center-challenge-and-opportunity
#12
Kevin C McMains, Rechell G Rodriguez, Jennifer Peel, Heather C Yun, Mark W True, Woodson S Jones
OBJECTIVES: Mentor relationships are a key component of professional development within academic medicine. To date, there are no investigations into the prevalence and effects of mentor relationships within military academic medicine. This quality improvement initiative aimed to establish the prevalence and effects of mentorship, including whether sex differences exist among faculty at a military academic center, the San Antonio Uniformed Services Health Education Consortium, and identify opportunities to improve faculty development efforts for mentorship to benefit faculty at this institution...
May 2018: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760915/onsite-production-of-medical-air-is-purity-a-problem
#13
Paul Edwards, Patricia-Ann Therriault, Ira Katz
Introduction: Medical air (MA) is widely used in hospitals, often manufactured onsite by compressing external ambient air and supplied through a local network piping system. Onsite production gives rise to a risk of impurities that are governed by the same pharmacopoeia purity standards applicable to commercially produced MA. The question to be addressed in this paper is how to assess if a lack of purity poses a medical problem? Methods: The MA produced onsite at a major Canadian hospital was monitored for carbon dioxide (CO2 ) and other impurity gases at high frequency (one per minute) over a two-month period...
2018: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760311/postoperative-subdural-air-collection-is-a-risk-factor-for-chronic-subdural-hematoma-after-surgical-clipping-of-cerebral-aneurysms
#14
Shuhei Kawabata, Shoichi Tani, Hirotoshi Imamura, Hidemitsu Adachi, Nobuyuki Sakai
The precise mechanism of the development of chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) as a postoperative complication after aneurysmal clipping remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to identify the independent risk factors for CSDH after craniotomy for aneurysmal clipping and to elucidate the relationship between CSDH and subdural air (SDA) collection immediately after surgery. The medical records and radiologic data of 344 patients who underwent surgical clipping of unruptured aneurysms from July 2010 to July 2016 were retrospectively evaluated...
May 11, 2018: Neurologia Medico-chirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756066/postanaesthetic-shivering-from-pathophysiology-to-prevention
#15
REVIEW
Maria Bermudez Lopez
Postoperative shivering is a common complication of anaesthesia. Shivering is believed to increase oxygen consumption, increase the risk of hypoxemia, induce lactic acidosis, and catecholamine release. Therefore, it might increase the postoperative complications especially in high-risk patients. Moreover, shivering is one of the leading causes of discomfort for postsurgical patients. Shivering is usually triggered by hypothermia. However, it occurs even in normothermic patients during the perioperative period...
April 2018: Romanian Journal of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753251/long-term-exposure-to-ambient-particulate-matter-pm-2-5-is-associated-with-platelet-counts-in-adults
#16
Zilong Zhang, Ta-Chien Chan, Cui Guo, Ly-Yun Chang, Changqing Lin, Yuan Chieh Chuang, Wun Kai Jiang, Kin Fai Ho, Tony Tam, Kam S Woo, Alexis K H Lau, Xiang Qian Lao
BACKGROUND: The prothrombotic effects of particulate matter (PM) may underlie the association of air pollution with increased risks of cardiovascular disease. This study aimed to investigate the association between long-term exposure to PM with an aerodynamic diameter ≤2.5 μm (PM2.5 ) and platelet counts, a marker of coagulation profiles. METHODS: The study participants were from a cohort consisting of 362,396 Taiwanese adults who participated in a standard medical examination program between 2001 and 2014...
May 9, 2018: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752857/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-hiv-infected-adults-at-three-urban-clinics-in-a-post-conflict-setting-eastern-democratic-republic-of-congo
#17
Patrick D M C Katoto, Friedrich Thienemann, André N H Bulabula, Tonya M Esterhuizen, Aimé B Murhula, Pierre P M Lunjwire, Dieudonné M Bihehe, Jean B Nachega
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of and risk factors for metabolic syndrome (MS) in HIV-infected adults at three urban clinics in Bukavu, Democratic Republic of the Congo. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: From July to September 2016, baseline socio-demographics, risk factors, and clinical characteristics were collected using a structured questionnaire or extracted from medical records. Fasting blood sugar and lipids were measured...
May 12, 2018: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750028/quantitative-computed-tomography-features-and-clinical-manifestations-associated-with-the-extent-of-bronchiectasis-in-patients-with-moderate-to-severe-copd
#18
So Hyeon Bak, Soohyun Kim, Yoonki Hong, Jeongwon Heo, Myoung-Nam Lim, Woo Jin Kim
Background: Few studies have investigated the quantitative computed tomography (CT) features associated with the severity of bronchiectasis in COPD patients. The purpose of this study was to identify the quantitative CT features and clinical values to determine the extent of bronchiectasis in moderate-to-severe COPD patients. Methods: A total of 127 moderate-to-severe COPD patients were selected from the cohort of COPD in Dusty Areas (CODA). The study subjects were classified into three groups according to the extent of bronchiectasis on CT: no bronchiectasis, mild bronchiectasis, and moderate-to-severe bronchiectasis...
2018: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748790/validity-of-different-biomonitoring-parameters-for-the-assessment-of-occupational-exposure-to-n-n-dimethylformamide-dmf
#19
Mirjam Seitz, Sonja Kilo, Elisabeth Eckert, Johannes Müller, Hans Drexler, Thomas Göen
This study was performed to assess the relation between occupational exposure to N,N-dimethylformamide after an 8 h work shift in the acrylic fibre industry and its three biological markers N-methylformamide (NMFtotal ), N-acetyl-S-(N-methylcarbamoyl)cysteine (AMCC), and N-methylcarbamoyl adduct at haemoglobin (MCVal). External DMF exposure of 220 workers was determined during the whole shift. A standardised questionnaire was used to obtain information about the worker's general health status, medical treatment, smoking habits, protective measures, and possible symptoms caused by DMF exposure...
May 10, 2018: Archives of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747389/liquid-marbles-from-industrial-to-medical-applications
#20
REVIEW
Roxana-Elena Avrămescu, Mihaela-Violeta Ghica, Cristina Dinu-Pîrvu, Denisa Ioana Udeanu, Lăcrămioara Popa
Liquid marbles are versatile structures demonstrating a pseudo-Leidenfrost wetting regime formed by encapsulating microscale volumes of liquid in a particle shell. The liquid core is completely separated from the exterior through air pockets. The external phase consists of hydrophobic particles, in most cases, or hydrophilic ones distributed as aggregates. Their interesting features arise from the double solid-fluid character. Thus, these interesting formations, also known as “dry waters”, have gained attention in surface science...
May 9, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
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