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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676308/correlation-between-dry-eye-and-refractive-error-in-saudi-young-adults-using-noninvasive-keratograph-4
#1
Rania M Fahmy, Amal Aldarwesh
Purpose: The purpose is to study the correlation between dry eye and refractive errors in young adults using noninvasive Keratograph. Methods: In this cross sectional study, a total of 126 participants in the age range of 19-25 years and who were free of ocular surface disease, were recruited from King Saud University Campus. Refraction was defined by the spherical equivalent (SE) as the following: 49 emmetropic eyes (±0.50 SE), 48 myopic eyes (≤-0.75 SE and above), and 31 hyperopic eyes (>+0...
May 2018: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674605/brain-training-games-enhance-cognitive-function-in-healthy-subjects
#2
Abdulrahman Al-Thaqib, Fahad Al-Sultan, Abdullah Al-Zahrani, Fahad Al-Kahtani, Khalid Al-Regaiey, Muhammad Iqbal, Shahid Bashir
BACKGROUND Brain training games (BTG) are believed to play a major role in improving cognitive functions. The current study evaluated if BTG showed positive impact on attention and memory functions compared with baseline visit in healthy subjects. MATERIAL AND METHODS The study was carried out from October 2015 until April 2016 in the Department of Physiology, College of Medicine, King Saud University and in King Khalid University Hospital (KKUH), Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. We enrolled 51 normal healthy subjects to use a computerized cognitive training game (Lumosity) for exercises that target a range of cognitive functions, including attention, processing speed, visual memory, and executive functions for about 15 min per day, at least 7 days per week, for 3 weeks...
April 20, 2018: Medical Science Monitor Basic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661625/unusual-presentation-of-middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-coronavirus-leading-to-a-large-outbreak-in-riyadh-during-2017
#3
Hala Amer, Abdulrahman S Alqahtani, Hind Alzoman, Nawfal Aljerian, Ziad A Memish
BACKGROUND: The hallmark of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) disease is the ability to cause major health care-associated nosocomial outbreaks with superspreading events leading to massive numbers of cases and excessive morbidity and mortality. In this report, we describe a patient who presented with acute renal failure requiring hemodialysis and became a MERS-CoV superspreader, igniting a recent multihospital outbreak in Riyadh. MATERIAL AND RESULTS: Between May 31 and June 15, 2017, 44 cases of MERS-CoV infection were reported from 3 simultaneous clusters from 3 health care facilities in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, including 11 fatal cases...
April 13, 2018: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657505/knowledge-and-attitude-of-health-care-professionals-toward-adverse-drug-reactions-reporting-at-king-saud-medical-city
#4
Khaja Moinuddin, Sheraz Ali, Amal Qadri Al-Aqqad, Sara Osama Salem, Maram Abdullah Al-Dossari, Abdullah Mohammad Ananzeh, Jaffer Bin Baqar
Background: Health-care professionals across the globe are obligated to report adverse drug reactions (ADRs). The knowledge of ADRs and attitude of health-care professionals toward ADRs reporting is vital for patient safety. This study intends to investigate the knowledge of ADRs and attitude of health-care professionals toward ADRs reporting. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study using an anonymous questionnaire was conducted over a period of 3 months (September 2016 to November 2016) at King Saud Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia...
January 2018: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643885/anca-associated-vasculitis-in-patients-from-saudi-arabia
#5
Abdurhman Saud Al Arfaj, Najma Khalil
Objective: To explore clinical and laboratory features, therapy and outcome of antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCA) associated vasculitis (AAV) patients from our tertiary care center. Methods: This study of AAV patients seen in Rheumatology clinics at King Khalid University hospital (KKUH), King Saud University, Riyadh during the period 1990-2014 was carried out retrospectively. Demographic, clinical, haematological and immunological parameters along with therapy, complications and outcome were retrieved from patients' medical charts...
January 2018: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628830/medical-students-attitude-toward-anesthesia-as-a-future-career
#6
Rakan M AlKhilaiwi, Abdulaleem Alatassi, Amjaad H Almohawis, Turki A Alhumaid, Khalid A Almazyad, Rami T Bustami
Objectives: The purpose of this study is to understand the attitude of medical students at King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences (KSAU-HS) toward anesthesia as a specialty and to determine common factors influencing their career choice options. Study Design: This was a cross-sectional study. Methods: The study was conducted between March 25, and April 20, 2017, at KSAU-HS. The survey was distributed among 5th and 6th years medical students...
April 2018: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628758/effect-of-anterior-crowding-or-spacing-on-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Ali H Hassan, Nour M Hobani, Sara M Almokri, Nour M Almokri, Faiza G Alotibi, Ehab N Alshouibi
Introduction: Oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) involves many aspects such as chewing ability, sleeping, social interactions, self-esteem, and satisfaction with life and oral health. The increasing research interest in OHRQoL began only after the shortcomings of previous approaches of treating symptoms only and neglecting the patient's self-perception were revealed. Patients and methods: The current study design is a cross-sectional study of patients who attended King Abdulaziz University Dental Hospital (Jeddah, Saudi Arabia) and King Saud University Dental Hospital (Riyadh, Saudi Arabia)...
2018: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619373/the-difference-in-cervical-vertebral-skeletal-maturation-between-cleft-lip-palate-and-non-cleft-lip-palate-orthodontic-patients
#8
Waeil Batwa, Khalid Almoammar, Aziza Aljohar, Abdullah Alhussein, Saad Almujel, Khalid H Zawawi
Objective: The aim was to evaluate differences in the cervical vertebral skeletal maturity of unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP) and non-cleft lip/palate (non-CLP) Saudi male orthodontic patients. Method: This cross-sectional multicenter study took place at the dental school, King Saud University and King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Center, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, between October 2014 and September 2015. The records of Saudi male orthodontic patients with UCLP ( n = 69) were collected...
2018: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599700/effect-of-testosterone-boosters-on-body-functions-case-report
#9
Amer Abdulrahman Almaiman
Testosterone boosters are supplementary substances that can be used for the purpose of increasing testosterone levels in the blood. This study aimed to evaluate the side effects and health risks of testosterone boosters among athletes. A sportsman came to the King Saud Hospital, Unaizah, Qassim, Saudi Arabia, suffering from abdominal pain. The attending doctor requested general laboratory tests. He admitted to having consumed two courses of a testosterone booster over a period of 42 days following the instructions of the manufacturer...
March 2018: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593441/learning-style-preferences-of-dental-students-at-a-single-institution-in-riyadh-saudi-arabia-evaluated-using-the-vark-questionnaire
#10
Mohammad A Aldosari, Aljazi H Aljabaa, Fares S Al-Sehaibany, Sahar F Albarakati
Background: Students differ in their preferred methods of acquiring, processing, and recalling new information. The aim of this study was to investigate the learning style preferences of undergraduate dental students and examine the influence of gender, Grade Point Average (GPA), and academic year levels on these preferences. Methods: The Arabic version of the visual, aural, read/write, and kinesthetic (VARK) questionnaire was administered to 491 students from the first- to the fifth-year academic classes at the College of Dentistry, King Saud University...
2018: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559816/perception-of-academic-stress-among-health-science-preparatory-program-students-in-two-saudi-universities
#11
Saleh Alsulami, Zaid Al Omar, Mohammed S Binnwejim, Fahad Alhamdan, Amr Aldrees, Abdulkarim Al-Bawardi, Meshary Alsohim, Mohammed Alhabeeb
The Health Science Preparatory Program (HSPP) is a special program that aims to enhance the educational preparedness of students for participation in a health sciences career. Students spend their first university year in a combined extensive teaching program before they can be assigned to a particular health science specialty. It is thought that students enrolled in a highly competitive environment such as HSPP with a long list of potential stressors, including developmental, academic overload, language barriers and competition, are more disposed to stress and stress-related complications...
2018: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29545701/role-of-cognitive-assessment-for-high-school-graduates-prior-to-choosing-their-college-major
#12
Sami S AlAbdulwahab, Shaji John Kachanathu, Abdullah Saad AlSaeed
[Purpose] Academic performance of college students can be impacted by the efficacy of students' ability and teaching methods. It is important to assess the progression of college students' cognitive abilities among different college majors and as they move from junior to senior levels. However, dearth of studies have been examined the role of cognitive ability tests as a tool to determine the aptitude of the perspective students. Therefore, this study assessed cognitive abilities of computer science and ART students...
February 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29540089/fertility-behaviour-of-working-women-in-saudi-arabia-a-special-case-of-king-saud-university-riyadh
#13
Rshood Khraif, Asharaf Abdul Salam, Abdullah Al-Mutairi, Ibrahim Elsegaey
Fertility levels and their determinants in Saudi Arabia have not been studied sufficiently for formulating family policy, although some attention has been paid to rapid fertility transitions in the context of socioeconomic and cultural change. This study focused on the fertility of a particular occupational category in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia to assess determinants of fertility, measured as the number of children. The sample was drawn from the King Saud University staff - ever-married Saudi Arabian women...
March 15, 2018: Human Fertility: Journal of the British Fertility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528094/changes-in-dietary-habits-physical-activity-and-status-of-metabolic-syndrome-among-expatriates-in-saudi-arabia
#14
Rasmieh A Alzeidan, Fatemeh Rabiee, Ahmed A Mandil, Ahmad S Hersi, Anhar A Ullah
The aim of this paper is to assess the impact of living in Saudi Arabia on expatriate employees and their families' behavioural cardiovascular risk factors (BCVRFs), and to examine the association between changes in BCVRFs and metabolic syndrome (MetS). A cross-sectional study was conducted on 1437 individuals, aged ≥ 18 years, from King Saud University in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. We used the World Health Organization STEPS questionnaire to ask every participant questions about BCVRFs twice: (1) to reflect their period of living in Saudi Arabia and (2) to shed light upon life in their country of origin...
March 5, 2018: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29516205/factors-influencing-medical-students-choice-of-emergency-medicine-as-a-career-specialty-a-descriptive-study-of-saudi-medical-students
#15
Hadeel Alkhaneen, Faisal Alhusain, Khalid Alshahri, Nawfal Al Jerian
BACKGROUND: Choosing a medical specialty is a poorly understood process. Although studies conducted around the world have attempted to identify the factors that affect medical students' choice of specialty, data is scarce on the factors that influence the choice of specialty of Saudi Arabian medical students, in particular those planning a career in emergency medicine (EM). In this study, we investigated whether Saudi medical students choosing EM are influenced by different factors to those choosing other specialties...
March 7, 2018: International Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29480849/patient-safety-culture-perceptions-in-the-college-of-dentistry
#16
Fahad Saleh Al Sweleh, Abdullah Mohammed Al Saedan, Omar Abdullah Al Dayel
A positive safety culture is essential to patient safety because it improves quality of care. The aim of this study was to assess staff and student perceptions of the patient safety culture in the clinics of the College of Dentistry at King Saud University in Saudi Arabia.A cross-sectional study was conducted in the College of Dentistry at King Saud University in Saudi Arabia. It included 4th and 5th year students, interns, general practitioners, and dental assistants. The data were collected by using paper-based questionnaire of modified version of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture...
January 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461449/optimizing-vancomycin-monitoring-in-pediatric-patients
#17
Abdullah Alsultan, Manal Abouelkheir, Saeed Alqahtani, Ahmad Aljabri, Ali M Somily, Sarah Alsubaie, Abdulkarim Alrabiaah, Elham Bukhari, Fahad Alzamil
INTRODUCTION: Several studies have reported that trough levels may not be optimal for monitoring vancomycin therapy, because of overexposure and nephrotoxicity risks. Therefore, we developed a population pharmacokinetic model to optimize vancomycin dosing and monitoring in pediatrics. METHODS: Data were retrospectively collected on 76 pediatric patients aged 1-12 years, admitted to general pediatric wards or ICUs at King Saud University Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia...
February 15, 2018: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456375/assessment-of-queries-received-by-the-drug-information-center-at-king-saud-medical-city
#18
Dlal Abdulrahman Almazrou, Sheraz Ali, Jasser Ali Alzhrani
Background: The complexity of drug therapies has increased the need to evaluate the drug information scientifically. In this regard, the aim of drug information centers (DICs) is to promote rational use of drugs in a health-care setting. DI pharmacists play a vital role in providing the necessary and reliable information on drugs to promote the concept of rational drug use, eventually leading to a better patient outcome. The objective of the present study was to assess the drug-related queries received by the DIC at the King Saud Medical City (KSMC) from health-care professionals working in a large tertiary care setting...
October 2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456210/appraising-the-outcome-and-complications-of-peritoneal-dialysis-patients-in-self-care-peritoneal-dialysis-and-assisted-peritoneal-dialysis-a-5-year-review-of-a-single-saudi-center
#19
Jamal Saleh Al Wakeel, Mohammed A Al Ghonaim, Abdullah Aldohayan, Saira Usama, Saad Al Obaili, Ahmad R Tarakji, Mohammad Alkhowaiter
Our objective is to study the outcomes and complications of peritoneal dialysis (PD) including comparison of self-care PD with home-care assisted PD during a five-year period. A retrospective study of PD data at King Saud University-affiliated hospital in Riyadh from January 1, 2009, to December 31, 2013. One hundred and eleven patients were included (female 55%). The average age was 47.4 (1-83) years. Twenty-one (18.91%) patients were on continuous ambulatory PD and 90 (81.08%) on automated PD. The mean time on PD was 23...
January 2018: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436570/the-effects-of-irradiance-and-exposure-time-on-the-surface-roughness-of-bulk-fill-composite-resin-restorative-materials
#20
Fahad I Alkhudhairy
To evaluate the surface roughness of 4 different bulk-fill resin-based composites cured using different irradiance levels. Methods: This in vitro study was performed in February 2017 to August 2017 at the College of Dentistry, King Saud University. Twenty-four specimens were prepared from each of the bulk-fill materials [Tetric N-Ceram (TNC), SonicFill (SF), Smart Dentin Replacement (SDR), and Filtek Bulk-Fill (FB)] using a brass metal mold, resulting in a total of 96 specimens, cured using a Bluephase N light curing unit...
February 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
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