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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210268/protective-effect-of-daikenchuto-on-dextran-sulfate-sodium-induced-colitis-in-mice
#1
Takaharu Matsunaga, Shinichi Hashimoto, Naoki Yamamoto, Ryo Kawasato, Tomohiro Shirasawa, Atsushi Goto, Koichi Fujisawa, Taro Takami, Takeshi Okamoto, Jun Nishikawa, Isao Sakaida
Aim. To investigate the effect of daikenchuto (TJ-100; DKT) for ulcerative colitis (UC) model mouse and assess its anti-inflammatory mechanisms. Methods. We evaluated the effects of DKT on dextran sulfate sodium- (DSS-) induced experimental colitis. First, we assessed the short-term effects of DKT using two groups: 5% DSS group and 5% DSS with DKT group. Colon length; histological scores; and interleukin- (IL-) 10, IL-1β, and tumor necrosis factor-α mRNA expression profiles were analyzed using real-time PCR...
2017: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209503/lymphoma-of-the-eyelid-an-international-multicenter-retrospective-study
#2
Frederik Holm Svendsen, Peter Kristian Rasmussen, Sarah E Coupland, Bita Esmaeli, Paul T Finger, Gerardo F Graue, Hans E Grossniklaus, Santosh G Honavar, Jwu Jin Khong, Penelope A McKelvie, Kaustubh Mulay, Elisabeth Ralfkiaer, Lene Dissing Sjö, Geeta K Vemuganti, Bradley A Thuro, Jeremy Curtin, Steffen Heegaard
PURPOSE: To document subtype-specific clinical features of lymphoma of the eyelid, and their effect on patient outcome. DESIGN: Retrospective observational case series. METHODS: Patient data were collected from 7 international eye cancer centers from January 1st 1980 through December 31st 2015. The cases included primary and secondary lymphomas affecting the eyelid. Overall survival, disease-specific survival (DSS), and progression-free survival were the primary end points...
February 13, 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207769/role-of-glycogen-synthase-kinase-3%C3%AE-and-ppar-%C3%AE-on-epithelial-to-mesenchymal-transition-in-dss-induced-colorectal-fibrosis
#3
Jacopo Di Gregorio, Roberta Sferra, Silvia Speca, Antonella Vetuschi, Caroline Dubuquoy, Pierre Desreumaux, Simona Pompili, Loredana Cristiano, Eugenio Gaudio, Vincenzo Flati, Giovanni Latella
BACKGROUND: Intestinal fibrosis is characterized by abnormal production and deposition of extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins by activated myofibroblasts. The main progenitor cells of activated myofibroblasts are the fibroblasts and the epithelial cells, the latter through the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). AIM: To evaluate the action of the new PPAR-γ modulator, GED-0507-34 Levo (GED) on the expression of EMT associated and regulatory proteins such as TGF-β, Smad3, E-cadherin, Snail, ZEB1, β-catenin, and GSK-3β, in a mouse model of DSS-induced intestinal fibrosis...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203458/weldability-machinability-and-surfacing-of-commercial-duplex-stainless-steel-aisi2205-for-marine-applications-a-recent-review
#4
REVIEW
A Vinoth Jebaraj, L Ajaykumar, C R Deepak, K V V Aditya
In the present review, attempts have been made to analyze the metallurgical, mechanical, and corrosion properties of commercial marine alloy duplex stainless steel AISI 2205 with special reference to its weldability, machinability, and surfacing. In the first part, effects of various fusion and solid-state welding processes on joining DSS 2205 with similar and dissimilar metals are addressed. Microstructural changes during the weld cooling cycle such as austenite reformation, partitioning of alloying elements, HAZ transformations, and the intermetallic precipitations are analyzed and compared with the different welding techniques...
May 2017: Journal of Advanced Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203226/microbial-anti-inflammatory-molecule-mam-from-faecalibacterium-prausnitzii-shows-a-protective-effect-on-dnbs-and-dss-induced-colitis-model-in-mice-through-inhibition-of-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-pathway
#5
Natalia M Breyner, Cristophe Michon, Cassiana S de Sousa, Priscilla B Vilas Boas, Florian Chain, Vasco A Azevedo, Philippe Langella, Jean M Chatel
Faecalibacterium prausnitzii and its supernatant showed protective effects in different chemically-induced colitis models in mice. Recently, we described 7 peptides found in the F. prausnitzii supernatant, all belonging to a protein called Microbial Anti-inflammatory Molecule (MAM). These peptides were able to inhibit NF-κB pathway in vitro and showed anti-inflammatory properties in vivo in a DiNitroBenzene Sulfate (DNBS)-induced colitis model. In this current proof we tested MAM effect on NF-κB pathway in vivo, using a transgenic model of mice producing luciferase under the control of NF-κB promoter...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199527/prdx6-deficiency-ameliorates-dss-colitis-relevance-of-compensatory-antioxidant-mechanisms
#6
Hassan Melhem, Marianne R Spalinger, Jesus Cosin-Roger, Kirstin Atrott, Silvia Lang, Kacper Wojtal, Stephan Vavricka, Gerhard Rogler, Isabelle Frey-Wanger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 12, 2017: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194152/hsp65-producing-lactococcus-lactis-prevents-inflammatory-intestinal-disease-in-mice-by-il-10-and-tlr2-dependent-pathways
#7
Ana Cristina Gomes-Santos, Rafael Pires de Oliveira, Thaís Garcias Moreira, Archimedes Barbosa Castro-Junior, Bernardo Coelho Horta, Luísa Lemos, Leonardo Augusto de Almeida, Rafael Machado Rezende, Denise Carmona Cara, Sérgio Costa Oliveira, Vasco Ariston Carvalho Azevedo, Anderson Miyoshi, Ana Maria Caetano Faria
Heat shock proteins (Hsps) are highly expressed at all sites of inflammation. As they are ubiquitous and immunodominant antigens, these molecules represent good candidates for the therapeutic use of oral tolerance in autoimmune and chronic inflammatory diseases. Evidences from human and animal studies indicate that inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) results from uncontrolled inflammatory responses to intestinal microbiota. Hsps are immunodominant proteins expressed by several immune cells and by commensal bacteria...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194046/morinda-citrifolia-noni-fruit-juice-reduces-inflammatory-cytokines-expression-and-contributes-to-the-maintenance-of-intestinal-mucosal-integrity-in-dss-experimental-colitis
#8
Beatriz Coutinho de Sousa, Juliana Reis Machado, Marcos Vinicius da Silva, Thiago Alvares da Costa, Javier Emilio Lazo-Chica, Thatiane do Prado Degasperi, Virmondes Rodrigues Junior, Helioswilton Sales-Campos, Elizabeth Uber Bucek, Carlo José Freire Oliveira
Morinda citrifolia L. (noni) has been shown to treat different disorders. However, data concerning its role in the treatment of intestinal inflammation still require clarification. In the current study, we investigated the effects of noni fruit juice (NFJ) in the treatment of C57BL/6 mice, which were continuously exposed to dextran sulfate sodium (DSS) for 9 consecutive days. NFJ consumption had no impact on the reduction of the clinical signs of the disease or on weight loss. Nonetheless, when a dilution of 1 : 10 was used, the intestinal architecture of the mice was preserved, accompanied by a reduction in the inflammatory infiltrate...
2017: Mediators of Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193514/microrna-301a-promotes-intestinal-inflammation-and-colitis-associated-cancer-development-by-inhibiting-btg1
#9
Chong He, Tianming Yu, Yan Shi, Caiyun Ma, Wenjing Yang, Leilei Fang, Mingming Sun, Wei Wu, Fei Xiao, Feifan Guo, Minhu Chen, Hong Yang, Jiaming Qian, Yingzi Cong, Zhanju Liu
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Intestinal tissues from patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and colorectal cancer have increased expression of microRNA-301a (MIR301A), compared to tissues from patients without IBD. We studied the mechanisms of MIR301A in progression of IBD in human tissues and mice. METHODS: We isolated intestinal epithelial cells (IECs) from colon biopsy samples of 153 patients with different stages of IBD activity, 6 patients with colitis-associated cancer (CAC), and 35 healthy individuals (controls), enrolled in the study in Shanghai, China...
February 10, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191818/changes-in-protein-expression-after-treatment-with-ancylostoma-caninum-excretory-secretory-products-in-a-mouse-model-of-colitis
#10
Javier Sotillo, Ivana Ferreira, Jeremy Potriquet, Thewarach Laha, Severine Navarro, Alex Loukas, Jason Mulvenna
Different reports have highlighted the potential use of helminths and their secretions in the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) conditions; however, no reports have investigated their effects at a proteome level. Herein, we characterise the protein expression changes that occur in lamina propria (LP) and the intestinal epithelial cells (IEC) of mice with dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced colitis treated with Ancylostoma caninum excretory/secretory (ES) products using a quantitative proteomic approach...
February 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188953/minimizing-adjuvant-treatment-after-transoral-robotic-surgery-through-surgical-margin-revision-and-exclusion-of-radiographic-extracapsular-extension-a-prospective-observational-cohort-study
#11
Benoit Morisod, Ioana I Venara-Vulpe, Stephen Alzuphar, Yan Monnier, Massimo Bongiovanni, Patric Hagmann, Hanan Bouchaab, Jean Bourhis, Christian Simon
BACKGROUND: We investigated in a prospective cohort of patients treated with trans-oral robotic surgery (TORS) for oropharyngeal cancer (OPC), who were selected for the absence of radiographic extra-capsular extension (ECS) and surgically revised for inadequate margins, the possibility of reducing adjuvant radiation (RT)/chemo-radiation therapy (CRT) without jeopardizing tumor control and functional outcome. METHODS: We conducted a prospective observational cohort of patients treated with TORS for oropharyngeal cancer...
February 11, 2017: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188801/astragalus-polysaccharides-protect-against-dextran-sulfate-sodium-induced-colitis-by-inhibiting-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BA%C3%B0-activation
#12
Jun Lv, Yahong Zhang, Zhiqiang Tian, Fang Liu, Ying Shi, Yao Liu, Peiyuan Xia
Astragalus polysaccharide (APS) is a bioactive extract of Astragalus membranaceus (AM), which possess a wide range of medicinal benefits, including anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidative, anti-tumor and anti-diabetic effects. The present work evaluated the therapeutic effect of APS and its potential mechanisms in a mouse model of dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced colitis. The APS treatment led to significant improvements in colitis disease activity index (DAI) and histological scores, as well as significantly increased weight and colon length in mice as compared to the control group...
February 7, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187456/inhibition-and-deficiency-of-the-immunoproteasome-subunit-lmp7-suppress-the-development-and-progression-of-colorectal-carcinoma-in-mice
#13
Julia Koerner, Thomas Brunner, Marcus Groettrup
New treatment options and drug targets for colorectal carcinoma are a pressing medical need. Inflammation and pro-inflammatory cytokines produced by Th1 and Th17 cells like IL-6, TNF, IL-17 and IL-23 promote the development and growth of colorectal cancer (CRC). The immunoproteasome is a proteasome subtype highly expressed in immune cells but also in the intestine. Since the immunoproteasome promotes Th1 and Th17 differentiation and pro-inflammatory cytokine production, we investigated here whether deficiency or inhibition of the immunoproteasome subunit LMP7 would interfere with CRC development and exacerbation in preventive and therapeutic mouse models...
February 7, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174958/p029-azelnidipine-a-novel-calcium-channel-blocker-ameliorates-severity-of-colitis-in-dss-induced-colitis-in-mice-possibly-by-modulating-tissue-levels-of-tnf-alpha-and-il-6
#14
T Kav, A Akyol, E Aksoy, C Ozer, M Torgutalp, B Sivri
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174748/requirement-of-g%C3%AE-q-g%C3%AE-11-signaling-in-the-preservation-of-mouse-intestinal-epithelial-homeostasis
#15
Noboru Watanabe, Hirosato Mashima, Kouichi Miura, Takashi Goto, Makoto Yoshida, Akiteru Goto, Hirohide Ohnishi
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Proliferation, differentiation, and morphogenesis of the intestinal epithelium are tightly regulated by a number of molecular pathways. Coordinated action of intestine is achieved by gastrointestinal hormones, most of which exert these actions through G-protein-coupled receptors. We herein investigated the role of Gαq/11-mediated signaling in intestinal homeostasis. METHODS: Intestinal tissues from control (Gnaq(flox/flox)Gna11(+/+) ), Int-Gq knock-out (KO) (VilCre(+/-)Gnaq(flox/flox)Gna11(+/+) ), G11 KO (Gnaq(flox/flox)Gna11(-/-) ), and Int-Gq/G11 double knock-out (DKO) (VilCre(+/-)Gnaq(flox/flox)Gna11(-/-) ) mice were examined by microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, and immunohistochemistry...
November 2016: Cellular and Molecular Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173955/nasopharyngeal-adenocarcinoma-a-population-based-analysis
#16
Edward C Kuan, Jose E Alonso, Armin Arshi, Maie A St John
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To describe the incidence and determinants of survival of patients with nasopharyngeal adenocarcinoma between the years of 1973 to 2012 using the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Result (SEER) database. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study using a national database. METHODS: The SEER registry was utilized to calculate survival trends for patients with nasopharyngeal adenocarcinoma between 1973 and 2012. Patient data was then analyzed with respect to histopathology, age, sex, race, stage, grade, and treatment modalities (surgery and radiation therapy)...
January 31, 2017: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173095/p768-co-housing-dss-treated-mice-with-healthy-mice-results-in-faster-recovery-and-normalization-of-the-intestinal-microbiota
#17
M Spalinger, C Gottier, L Hering, S Lang, G Rogler, M Scharl
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28172749/p010-effects-of-cigarette-smoke-on-the-dss-induced-colitis-model-in-c57bl-6-mice
#18
B Phillips, G Lo Sasso, M Talikka, E Veljkovic, F Martin, A Elamin, E Guedj, N Ivanov, M Peitsch, J Hoeng
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28172728/p047-therapeutic-dosing-of-filgotinib-gs-6034-glpg0634-is-efficacious-in-the-mouse-dss-model-of-colitis
#19
S Kim, J Zheng, B Lu, D Alonzo, B Kanwar, V Smith
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28172675/dop090-the-%C3%AE-7-nicotinic-acetylcholine-receptor-agonist-gts-21-attenuate-dss-induced-colitis-by-improving-intestinal-mucosal-barrier-function
#20
H Zhang, Y Zhu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
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