Read by QxMD icon Read

Post-isometric relaxation

Eisuke Ochi, Yosuke Tsuchiya, Kazunori Nosaka
PURPOSE: This study compared maximal eccentric (ECC) and concentric (CON) contractions of the elbow flexors for changes in transverse relaxation time (T2) and indirect markers of muscle damage. METHODS: Twelve young men performed five sets of six maximal isokinetic (30°/s) ECC with one arm followed by CON with the other arm. Magnetic resonance images to assess T2 and cross-sectional area (CSA) of biceps brachii, brachialis, and brachioradialis, and measurements of maximal voluntary isometric contraction (MVC) torque, range of motion (ROM), and muscle soreness were taken before, immediately after, and 1, 3, and 5 days after each exercise...
September 8, 2016: European Journal of Applied Physiology
Erol Çakmak, Özlem Yönem, Bülent Saraç, Mesut Parlak, Cumali Çelik, Hilmi Ataseven, İhsan Bağcivan
BACKGROUND: Relaxing the sphincter of Oddi (SO) is an important process during endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) procedures. This issue suggests that the easier the sphincterotomy and cannulation, the more post-ERCP complications decrease. AIMS: To compare the relaxant effects of ataciguat (a novel soluble guanylyl cyclase activator) and zaprinast (an inhibitor of phosphodiesterase 5) on sheep SO in vitro, thus testing whether they can be used during ERCP...
July 2016: Balkan Medical Journal
Nicole C Dabbs, Christopher D Black, John C Garner
Determining muscle contractile properties following exercise is critical in understanding neuromuscular function. Following high intensity training, individuals often experience exercise induced muscle damage (EIMD). The purpose of this investigation was to determine the effect of whole-body vibration (WBV) on muscle contractile properties following EIMD. Twenty-seven females volunteered for 7 sessions and were randomly assigned to a treatment or control group. Muscle contractile properties were assessed via voluntary torque (VT), peak twitch torque (TT), time to reach peak torque, half relaxation time of twitch torque, percent activation (%ACT), rate of rise (RR), rate of decline (RD), mean and peak electromyography during maximum voluntary isometric contraction...
October 2016: Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology
T E Odinets, Yu A Briskin
UNLABELLED: A frequent consequence of the treatment of breast cancer is the postmastectomy syndrome that combines psycho-emotional and functional disorders in various body systems. AIM: The objective of the present study was to evaluate the influence of the program of differential physical rehabilitation on the functional state of the autonomic nervous system in the women with the postmastectomy syndrome at the stationary stage of the rehabilitative treatment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 50 presenting with the postmastectomy syndrome following radical mastectomy as described by J...
May 2016: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
Thomas P Burghardt, Katalin Ajtai, Xiaojing Sun, Naoko Takubo, Yihua Wang
Muscle myosins transduce ATP free energy into actin displacement to power contraction. In vivo, myosin side chains are modified post-translationally under native conditions, potentially impacting function. Single myosin detection provides the 'bottom-up' myosin characterization probing basic mechanisms without ambiguities inherent to ensemble observation. Macroscopic muscle physiological experimentation provides the definitive 'top-down' phenotype characterizations that are the concerns in translational medicine...
May 2016: Open Biology
Le Li, Henry Shin, Xiaoyan Li, Sheng Li, Ping Zhou
This study assessed changes in electrical impedance myography (EIM) at different levels of isometric muscle contraction as well as during exhaustive exercise at 60% maximum voluntary contraction (MVC) until task failure. The EIM was performed on the biceps brachii muscle of 19 healthy subjects. The results showed that there was a significant difference between the muscle resistance (R) measured during the isometric contraction and when the muscle was completely relaxed. Post hoc analysis shows that the resistance increased at higher contractions (both 60% MVC and MVC), however, there were no significant changes in muscle reactance (X) during the isometric contractions...
2016: Sensors
María E Latorre, Adrian L Lifschitz, Peter P Purslow
The heat-solubility of intramuscular collagen is usually conducted in 1/4 Ringer's solution at pH7.4, despite this ionic strength and pH being inappropriate for post-rigor meat. The current work studied the percentage of soluble collagen and hydrothermal isometric tension characteristics of perimysial strips on bovine semitendinosus muscles in either 1/4 Ringer's solution, distilled water, PBS, or a solution of the same salt concentration as 1/4 Ringer's but at pH5.6. Values of % soluble collagen were lower at pH7...
August 2016: Meat Science
Spencer A Murphy, Reivian Berrios, P Andrew Nelson, Francesco Negro, Dario Farina, Brian Schmit, Allison Hyngstrom
The purpose of this study was to use high density surface EMG recordings to quantify stroke-related abnormalities in motor unit firing behavior during repeated sub-maximal knee extensor contractions. A high density surface EMG system (sEMG) was used to record and extract single motor unit firing behavior in the vastus lateralis muscle of 6 individuals with chronic stroke and 8 controls during repeated sub-maximal isometric knee extension contractions. Paretic motor unit firing rates were increased with subsequent contractions (6...
2015: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
Suthichan Malai, Sopa Pichaiyongwongdee, Prasert Sakulsriprasert
OBJECTIVE: To determine the immediate effect of hold-relax (HR) stretching of the iliopsoas muscle on pain, transversus abdominis (TrA) activation capacity, lumbar stability level, lumbar lordosis angle and iliopsoas muscle length in chronic non-specific low back pain (CNSLBP) with lumbar hyperlordosis. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Participants aged from 30-55 years with CNSLBP with lumbar hyperlordosis were divided in two groups: (Group 1) Intervention group received 10-second isometric contraction ofthe iliopsoas muscle (HR), 10-second rest, 20-second static stretch, 5 repetitions...
June 2015: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand, Chotmaihet Thangphaet
Kenichi Sugawara, Shigeo Tanabe, Tomotaka Suzuki, Kei Saitoh, Toshio Higashi
We postulated that gradual muscle relaxation during motor learning would dynamically change activity in the primary motor cortex (M1) and modify short-interval intracortical inhibition (SICI). Thus, we compared changes in M1 excitability both pre and post motor learning during gradual muscle relaxation. Thirteen healthy participants were asked to gradually relax their muscles from an isometric right wrist extension (30% maximum voluntary contraction; MVC) using a tracking task for motor learning. Single or paired transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) was applied at either 20% or 80% of the downward force output during muscle release from 30% MVC, and we compared the effects of motor learning immediately after the 1st and 10th blocks...
January 1, 2016: Behavioural Brain Research
Moritz Haustein, Tobias Hannes, Jan Trieschmann, Rabea Verhaegh, Annette Köster, Jürgen Hescheler, Konrad Brockmeier, Roland Adelmann, Markus Khalil
Zebrafish (Danio rerio) have become a popular model in cardiovascular research mainly due to identification of a large number of mutants with structural defects. In recent years, cardiomyopathies and other diseases influencing contractility of the heart have been studied in zebrafish mutants. However, little is known about the regulation of contractility of the zebrafish heart on a tissue level. The aim of the present study was to elucidate the role of trans-sarcolemmal Ca(2+)-flux and sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+)-release in zebrafish myocardium...
2015: PloS One
Mahboobeh Zabihhosseinian, Michael W R Holmes, Brad Ferguson, Bernadette Murphy
BACKGROUND: The cervical flexion relaxation ratio is lower in neck pain patients compared to healthy controls. Fatigue modulates the onset and offset angles of the silent period in both the lumbar and cervical spine in healthy individuals; however, this response has not been studied with neck pain patients. The purpose of this study was to determine if cervical extensor fatigue would alter the parameters of the cervical flexion relaxation more in a neck pain group than a healthy control group...
June 2015: Clinical Biomechanics
Hashim Ahmed, Amir Iqbal, Shahnawaz Anwer, Ahmad Alghadir
[Purpose] The aim of present study was to compare the effectiveness of modified hold-relax stretching and static stretching in improving the hamstring muscle flexibility. [Subjects and Methods] Forty-five male subjects with hamstring tightness were included in this study. The subjects were randomly placed into three groups: the modified hold-relax stretching, static stretching and control groups. The modified hold-relax stretching group performed 7 seconds of isometric contraction and then relaxed for 5 seconds, and this was repeated five times daily for five consecutive days...
February 2015: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Eric C Conchola, Ryan M Thiele, Ty B Palmer, Doug B Smith, Brennan J Thompson
INTRODUCTION: We examined the effects of neuromuscular fatigue on volitional electromechanical delay (EMD) of leg extensors and flexors between genders. METHODS: Twenty-one men and 20 women performed 2 maximal voluntary contractions (MVCs), followed by intermittent isometric contractions of leg extensors and flexors using a 0.6 duty cycle (6-s contraction, 4-s relaxation) at 50% of MVC until volitional fatigue was achieved. MVCs were again performed at 0, 7, 15, and 30 min post-fatigue...
November 2015: Muscle & Nerve
Esther Y Cheah, Tracy S Mann, Philip C Burcham, Peter J Henry
The airway epithelium is an important source of relaxant mediators, and damage to the epithelium caused by respiratory tract viruses may contribute to airway hyperreactivity. The aim of this study was to determine whether influenza A-induced epithelial damage would modulate relaxation responses evoked by acrolein, a toxic and prevalent component of smoke. Male BALB/c mice were inoculated intranasally with influenza A/PR-8/34 (VIRUS-infected) or allantoic fluid (SHAM-infected). On day 4 post-inoculation, isometric tension recording studies were conducted on carbachol pre-contracted tracheal segments isolated from VIRUS and SHAM mice...
February 15, 2015: Biochemical Pharmacology
J T Sutton, J L Raymond, M C Verleye, G J Pyne-Geithman, C K Holland
Ultrasound-mediated drug delivery is a novel technique for enhancing the penetration of drugs into diseased tissue beds noninvasively. By encapsulating drugs into microsized and nanosized liposomes, the therapeutic can be shielded from degradation within the vasculature until delivery to a target site by ultrasound exposure. Traditional in vitro or ex vivo techniques to quantify this delivery profile include optical approaches, cell culture, and electrophysiology. Here, we demonstrate an approach to characterize the degree of nitric oxide (NO) delivery to porcine carotid tissue by direct measurement of ex vivo vascular tone...
2014: International Journal of Nanomedicine
Ana S F Ribeiro, Vítor S Fernandes, María Pilar Martínez, María Elvira López-Oliva, María Victoria Barahona, Paz Recio, Ana Cristina Martínez, Igor Blaha, Luis M Orensanz, Salvador Bustamante, Albino García-Sacristán, Dolores Prieto, Medardo Hernández
AIMS: Neuronal and non-neuronal bradykinin (BK) receptors regulate the contractility of the bladder urine outflow region. The current study investigates the role of BK receptors in the regulation of the smooth muscle contractility of the pig intravesical ureter. METHODS: Western blot and immunohistochemistry were used to show the expression of BK B1 and B2 receptors and myographs for isometric force recordings. RESULTS: B2 receptor expression was consistently detected in the intravesical ureter urothelium and smooth muscle layer, B1 expression was not detected where a strong B2 immunoreactivity was observed within nerve fibers among smooth muscle bundles...
January 2016: Neurourology and Urodynamics
Alexandre Fouré, Kazunori Nosaka, Jennifer Wegrzyk, Guillaume Duhamel, Arnaud Le Troter, Hélène Boudinet, Jean-Pierre Mattei, Christophe Vilmen, Marc Jubeau, David Bendahan, Julien Gondin
Isometric contractions induced by neuromuscular electrostimulation (NMES) have been shown to result in a prolonged force decrease but the time course of the potential central and peripheral factors have never been investigated. This study examined the specific time course of central and peripheral factors after isometric NMES-induced muscle damage. Twenty-five young healthy men were subjected to an NMES exercise consisting of 40 contractions for both legs. Changes in maximal voluntary contraction force of the knee extensors (MVC), peak evoked force during double stimulations at 10 Hz (Db(10)) and 100 Hz (Db(100)), its ratio (10:100), voluntary activation, muscle soreness and plasma creatine kinase activity were assessed before, immediately after and throughout four days after NMES session...
2014: PloS One
Paulo Gago, Anton Arndt, Olga Tarassova, Maria M Ekblom
PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate conditioning effects from a single 6-s plantar flexion maximal voluntary isometric contraction (MVIC) on Achilles tendon stiffness (ATS) and twitch properties of the triceps surae in athletes. METHODS: Peak twitch (PT), rate of torque development (RTD), rising time (RT₁₀₋₉₀%) and half relaxation time (HRT) were measured from supramaximal twitches evoked in the plantar flexors of 10 highly trained athletes. Twitches were evoked before and at seven occasions during 10 min of recovery after a 6-s MVIC...
November 2014: European Journal of Applied Physiology
Dinesh Thangavel, Girwar Singh Gaur, Vivek Kumar Sharma, Ananda Balayogi Bhavanani, M Rajajeyakumar, Sunder A Syam
BACKGROUND: Pranayama has been assigned very important role in yogic system of exercises and is said to be much more important than yogasanas for keeping sound health. Also different pranayamas produce divergent physiological effects. AIM: To study the effect of 12 weeks training of slow and fast pranayama on handgrip strength and endurance in young, healthy volunteers of JIPMER population. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Present study was conducted in the Department of Physiology, JIPMER in 2011-12 (1...
May 2014: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"