keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Cell trafficking

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156694/pdac-derived-exosomes-enrich-the-microenvironment-in-mdscs-in-a-smad4-dependent-manner-through-a-new-calcium-related-axis
#1
Daniela Basso, Elisa Gnatta, Andrea Padoan, Paola Fogar, Sara Furlanello, Ada Aita, Dania Bozzato, Carlo-Federico Zambon, Giorgio Arrigoni, Chiara Frasson, Cinzia Franchin, Stefania Moz, Thomas Brefort, Thomas Laufer, Filippo Navaglia, Sergio Pedrazzoli, Giuseppe Basso, Mario Plebani
Tumor genetics and escape from immune surveillance concur in the poor prognosis of PDAC. In this study an experimental model was set up to verify whether SMAD4, deleted in about 55% PDAC and associated with poor prognosis, is involved in determining immunosuppression through Exosomes (Exo). Potential mechanisms and mediators underlying SMAD4-dependent immunosuppression were evaluated by studying intracellular calcium (Fluo-4), Exo-miRNAs (microarray) and Exo-proteins (SILAC). Two PDAC cell lines expressing (BxPC3-SMAD4+) or not-expressing (BxPC3) SMAD4 were used to prepare Exo-enriched conditioned media, employed in experiments with blood donors PBMCs...
October 17, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155857/impaired-aqp2-trafficking-in-fxyd1-knockout-mice-a-role-for-fxyd1-in-regulated-vesicular-transport
#2
Elena Arystarkhova, Richard Bouley, Yi Bessie Liu, Kathleen J Sweadner
The final adjustment of urine volume occurs in the inner medullary collecting duct (IMCD), chiefly mediated by the water channel aquaporin 2 (AQP2). With vasopressin stimulation, AQP2 accumulation in the apical plasma membrane of principal cells allows water reabsorption from the lumen. We report that FXYD1 (phospholemman), better known as a regulator of Na,K-ATPase, has a role in AQP2 trafficking. Daytime urine of Fxyd1 knockout mice was more dilute than WT despite similar serum vasopressin, but both genotypes could concentrate urine during water deprivation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155713/quantifying-human-monocyte-chemotaxis-in-vitro-and-murine-lymphocyte-trafficking-in-vivo
#3
Eliza Prangley, Terrence Kumar, Manish P Ponda
Chemotaxis is migration along a specific chemical gradient(1). Chemokines are chemotactic cytokines that promote cellular trafficking with anatomic and temporal specificity(2). Chemotaxis is a critical function of lymphocytes and other immune cells that can be quantitatively assessed in vitro. This manuscript describes methods that permit the evaluation of chemotaxis, both in vitro and in vivo, for diverse cell types including cell lines and native cells. The in vitro, plate-based format permits the comparison of several conditions simultaneously in real-time, and can be completed within 1-4 h...
October 30, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155083/tbvps15-is-required-for-vesicular-transport-and-cytokinesis-in-trypanosoma-brucei
#4
Alejandra C Schoijet, Kildare Miranda, Tamara Sternlieb, Nadia M Barrera, Wendell Girard-Dias, Wanderley de Souza, Guillermo D Alonso
The class III phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) Vps34 is an important regulator of key cellular functions, including cell growth, survival, intracellular trafficking, autophagy and nutrient sensing. In yeast, Vps34 is associated with the putative serine/threonine protein kinase Vps15, however, its role in signaling has not been deeply evaluated. Here, we have identified the Vps15 orthologue in Trypanosoma brucei, named TbVps15. Knockdown of TbVps15 expression by interference RNA resulted in inhibition of cell growth and blockage of cytokinesis...
November 16, 2017: Molecular and Biochemical Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155067/contrasting-roles-of-fungal-siderophores-in-maintaining-iron-homeostasis-in-epichlo%C3%A3-festucae
#5
Natasha T Forester, Geoffrey A Lane, Melle Steringa, Iain L Lamont, Linda J Johnson
The symbiosis between Epichloë festucae and its host perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne) is a model system for mutualistic interactions in which the fungal endophyte grows between plant shoot cells and acquires host nutrients to survive. E. festucae synthesises the siderophore epichloënin A (EA) via SidN, a non-ribosomal peptide synthetase (NRPS). EA is involved in the acquisition of iron, an essential micronutrient, as part of the process of maintaining a stable symbiotic interaction. Here, we mutated a different NRPS gene sidC and showed that it is required for production of a second siderophore ferricrocin (FC)...
November 15, 2017: Fungal Genetics and Biology: FG & B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154995/a-map-of-the-subcellular-distribution-of-phosphoinositides-in-the-erythrocytic-cycle-of-the-malaria-parasite-plasmodium-falciparum
#6
Zeinab Ebrahimzadeh, Angana Mukherjee, Dave Richard
Despite representing a small percentage of the cellular lipids of eukaryotic cells, phosphoinositides (PIPs) are critical in various processes such as intracellular trafficking and signal transduction. Central to their various functions is the differential distribution of PIP species to specific membrane compartments through the actions of kinases, phosphatases and lipases. Despite their importance in the malaria parasite lifecycle, the subcellular distribution of most PIP species in this organism is still unknown...
November 15, 2017: International Journal for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154496/research-highlights
#7
(no author information available yet)
In this issue, we highlight a study by Eng-King Tan and colleagues highlighting a role for ROS in mitophagy after Parkin translocation, a paper by Fawcett and colleagues linking the small GTPase ARF6 to integrin trafficking and axon regeneration, and a report by Lee and Mace describing the migratory behaviour of differentiating hematopoietic stem cells at single-cell resolution.
November 2017: FEBS Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154466/%C3%AE-fosb-regulates-rosiglitazone-induced-milk-fat-synthesis-and-cell-survival
#8
Xuefeng Wei, Hui Li, Guangwei Zhao, Jiameng Yang, Lihui Li, Yongzhen Huang, Xianyong Lan, Yun Ma, Huiling Zheng, Hong Chen
Rosiglitazone induces adipogenesis in adipocyte and regulates cell survival and differentiation in number of cell types. However, whether PPARγ regulates the synthesis of milk fat and cell survival in goat mammary gland remains unknown. Rosiglitazone strongly enhanced cellular triacylglycerol content and accumulation of lipid droplet in goat mammary epithelial cells (GMEC). Furthermore, ΔFosB decreased the expression of PPARγ at both mRNA and protein levels, and rosiglitazone-induced milk fat synthesis was abolished by ΔFosB overexpression...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154213/liposomally-formulated-phospholipid-conjugated-novel-near-infrared-fluorescence-probe-for-particle-size-effect-on-cellular-uptake-and-biodistribution-in-vivo
#9
Jing Xing, Dong Liu, Gaoxin Zhou, Yuan Li, Peng Wang, Ke Hu, Ning Gu, Min Ji
Lipid based nanoparticles (LBNs) with excellent biocompatibility and versatility have received much attention from the drug delivery community recently. A detailed understanding of in vitro and vivo fate of LBNs is important for developing different types of LBNs with improved selectivity and low cytotoxicity. We developed a novel near-infrared (NIR) probe with high fluorescence, designated as DSPE-ir623 (iDSPE). Then, we prepared iDSPE-embeded liposomes (iLPs) with two different hydrodynamic sizes (∼100nm and ∼400nm) to evaluate the effect of particle size on cellular uptake and biodistribution of nanoliposomes in vivo...
November 16, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153703/establishing-and-transducing-cell-polarity-common-themes-and-variations
#10
REVIEW
Daniel St Johnston
All cells in vivo have a primary axis of polarity that controls many aspects of their behaviour, such as the direction of protein secretion and signalling, the orientation of cell division and directed cell movement and morphogenesis. Cell polarise in response to extracellular cues or intracellular landmarks that initiate a signal transduction process that establishes complementary cortical domains of conserved polarity factors. These cortical domains then transmit this polarity to the rest of the cell by regulating the organisation of the cytoskeleton and membrane trafficking systems...
November 15, 2017: Current Opinion in Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153094/differences-between-chronic-lymphocytic-leukaemia-and-small-lymphocytic-lymphoma-cells-by-proteomic-profiling-and-snp-microarray-analysis
#11
Jennifer A Tooze, Edita Hamzic, Fenella Willis, Ruth Pettengell
The majority of malignant cells in chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL) circulate in the peripheral blood whereas small lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL) cells reside in tissues. The aim of this study was to detect differences in chemokine receptor expression, DNA single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) microarray analysis and proteomic profiling to help elucidate why the cells remain in their respective environments. We identified by flow cytometric studies of chemokine receptors and DNA SNP microarray analysis significant differences between cells from CLL and SLL patients...
December 2017: Cancer Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150077/unique-arginine-array-improves-cytosolic-localization-of-hydrocarbon-stapled-peptides
#12
Kim Quach, Jonathan LaRochelle, Xiao-Han Li, Elizabeth Rhoades, Alanna Schepartz
We have previously reported that miniature proteins containing a distinct array of 5 arginine residues on a folded α-helix - a penta-arg motif - traffic with high efficiency from endosomes into the cytosol and nucleus of mammalian cells. Here we evaluate whether a penta-arg motif can improve the intracellular trafficking of an otherwise impermeant hydrocarbon-stapled peptide, SAH-p53-4(Rho). We prepared a panel of SAH-p53-4(Rho) variants containing penta-arg sequences with different spacings and axial arrangement and evaluated their overall uptake (as judged by flow cytometry) and their intracellular access (as determined by fluorescence correlation spectroscopy, FCS)...
November 7, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149845/early-nutritional-programming-affects-liver-transcriptome-in-diploid-and-triploid-atlantic-salmon-salmo-salar
#13
L M Vera, C Metochis, J F Taylor, M Clarkson, K H Skjærven, H Migaud, D R Tocher
BACKGROUND: To ensure sustainability of aquaculture, plant-based ingredients are being used in feeds to replace marine-derived products. However, plants contain secondary metabolites which can affect food intake and nutrient utilisation of fish. The application of nutritional stimuli during early development can induce long-term changes in animal physiology. Recently, we successfully used this approach to improve the utilisation of plant-based diets in diploid and triploid Atlantic salmon...
November 17, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148969/the-structure-of-the-copi-coat-determined-within-the-cell
#14
Yury S Bykov, Miroslava Schaffer, Svetlana O Dodonova, Sahradha Albert, Jürgen M Plitzko, Wolfgang Baumeister, Benjamin D Engel, John Ag Briggs
COPI-coated vesicles mediate trafficking within the Golgi apparatus and from the Golgi to the endoplasmic reticulum. The structures of membrane protein coats, including COPI, have been extensively studied with in vitro reconstitution systems using purified components. In a previous paper (Dodonova et al., 2017), we determined a complete structural model of the in vitro reconstituted COPI coat. Here, we applied cryo-focused ion beam milling, cryo-electron tomography and subtomogram averaging to determine the native structure of the COPI coat within vitrified Chlamydomonas reinhardtii cells...
November 17, 2017: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146996/the-role-of-cxcr3-lrp1-cross-talk-in-the-invasion-of-primary-brain-tumors
#15
Kevin Boyé, Nadège Pujol, Isabel D Alves, Ya-Ping Chen, Thomas Daubon, Yi-Zong Lee, Stephane Dedieu, Marion Constantin, Lorenzo Bello, Marco Rossi, Rolf Bjerkvig, Shih-Che Sue, Andreas Bikfalvi, Clotilde Billottet
CXCR3 plays important roles in angiogenesis, inflammation, and cancer. However, the precise mechanism of regulation and activity in tumors is not well known. We focused on CXCR3-A conformation and on the mechanisms controlling its activity and trafficking and investigated the role of CXCR3/LRP1 cross talk in tumor cell invasion. Here we report that agonist stimulation induces an anisotropic response with conformational changes of CXCR3-A along its longitudinal axis. CXCR3-A is internalized via clathrin-coated vesicles and recycled by retrograde trafficking...
November 17, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146937/tfeb-regulates-lysosomal-positioning-by-modulating-tmem55b-expression-and-jip4-recruitment-to-lysosomes
#16
Rose Willett, José A Martina, James P Zewe, Rachel Wills, Gerald R V Hammond, Rosa Puertollano
Lysosomal distribution is linked to the role of lysosomes in many cellular functions, including autophagosome degradation, cholesterol homeostasis, antigen presentation, and cell invasion. Alterations in lysosomal positioning contribute to different human pathologies, such as cancer, neurodegeneration, and lysosomal storage diseases. Here we report the identification of a novel mechanism of lysosomal trafficking regulation. We found that the lysosomal transmembrane protein TMEM55B recruits JIP4 to the lysosomal surface, inducing dynein-dependent transport of lysosomes toward the microtubules minus-end...
November 17, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146912/structural-insights-into-legionella-ridl-vps29-retromer-subunit-interaction-reveal-displacement-of-the-regulator-tbc1d5
#17
Kevin Bärlocher, Cedric A J Hutter, A Leoni Swart, Bernhard Steiner, Amanda Welin, Michael Hohl, François Letourneur, Markus A Seeger, Hubert Hilbi
Legionella pneumophila can cause Legionnaires' disease and replicates intracellularly in a distinct Legionella-containing vacuole (LCV). LCV formation is a complex process that involves a plethora of type IV-secreted effector proteins. The effector RidL binds the Vps29 retromer subunit, blocks retrograde vesicle trafficking, and promotes intracellular bacterial replication. Here, we reveal that the 29-kDa N-terminal domain of RidL (RidL2-281) adopts a "foot-like" fold comprising a protruding β-hairpin at its "heel"...
November 16, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146731/organic-anion-transporting-polypeptide-1b3-as-a-dual-reporter-gene-for-fluorescence-and-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#18
Menq-Rong Wu, Hon-Man Liu, Chen-Wen Lu, Way-Hone Shen, I-Jou Lin, Li-Wen Liao, Yi-You Huang, Ming-Jium Shieh, Jong-Kai Hsiao
Reporter proteins have broad applications in visualizing molecular events at the cellular, tissue and whole-body levels. Transmembrane transporters recognizing specific molecular domains are of particular interest because they enable the migration of signal-source molecules from the extracellular space to the cytoplasm for subsequent application in multimodality imaging. Organic anion-transporting polypeptides (OATPs) have demonstrated their MRI reporter efficacy. We further expanded their use as a dual-modality reporter in MRI and noninvasive in vivo imaging system (IVIS)...
November 16, 2017: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146245/repurposing-cationic-amphiphilic-drugs-as-adjuvants-to-induce-lysosomal-sirna-escape-in-nanogel-transfected-cells
#19
Freya Joris, Lynn De Backer, Thijs Van de Vyver, Chiara Bastiancich, Stefaan C De Smedt, Koen Raemdonck
Cytosolic delivery remains a major bottleneck for siRNA therapeutics. To facilitate delivery, siRNAs are often enclosed in nanoparticles (NPs). However, upon endocytosis such NPs are mainly trafficked towards lysosomes. To avoid degradation, cytosolic release of siRNA should occur prior to fusion of endosomes with lysosomes, but current endosomal escape strategies remain inefficient. In contrast to this paradigm, we aim to exploit lysosomal accumulation by treating NP-transfected cells with low molecular weight drugs that release the siRNA from the lysosomes into the cytosol...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146210/novel-intracellular-transport-refractory-mutations-in-kcnh2-identified-in-patients-with-symptomatic-long-qt-syndrome
#20
Daisuke Fukumoto, Wei-Guang Ding, Yuko Wada, Yusuke Fujii, Mari Ichikawa, Koichiro Takayama, Megumi Fukuyama, Koichi Kato, Hideki Itoh, Takeru Makiyama, Mariko Omatsu-Kanbe, Hiroshi Matsuura, Minoru Horie, Seiko Ohno
BACKGROUND: Missense mutations in KCNH2, a gene encoding the Kv11.1 channel, cause long QT syndrome (LQTS) type 2 primarily by disrupting the intracellular transport of Kv11.1 to the plasma membrane. The present study aimed to clarify the functional changes by two novel KCNH2 missense mutations. METHODS: We performed genetic screening of three unrelated symptomatic LQTS probands with family histories of cardiac symptoms. Chinese hamster ovary cells were transfected with wild-type (WT) and/or mutant KCNH2 plasmid and examined by patch-clamp technique...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Cardiology
keyword
keyword
50623
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"