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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918416/-the-methodology-and-sample-description-of-the-national-survey-on-addiction-problems-in-hungary-2015-nsaph-2015
#1
Borbala Paksi, Zsolt Demetrovics, Anna Magi, Katalin Felvinczi
This paper introduces the methods and methodological findings of the National Survey on Addiction Problems in Hungary (NSAPH 2015). Use patterns of smoking, alcohol use and other psychoactive substances were measured as well as that of certain behavioural addictions (problematic gambling - PGSI, DSM-V, eating disorders - SCOFF, problematic internet use - PIUQ, problematic on-line gaming - POGO, problematic social media use - FAS, exercise addictions - EAI-HU, work addiction - BWAS, compulsive buying - CBS)...
June 2017: Neuropsychopharmacologia Hungarica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918280/from-sport-hunting-to-breeding-success-patterns-of-lead-ammunition-ingestion-and-its-effects-on-an-endangered-raptor
#2
José M Gil-Sánchez, Saray Molleda, José A Sánchez-Zapata, Jesús Bautista, Isabel Navas, Raquel Godinho, Antonio J García-Fernández, Marcos Moleón
Lead is highly toxic for wildlife, with pernicious consequences especially in long-lived predators. The causes of lead ammunition ingestion in Bonelli's eagle (Aquila fasciata) and its effects on breeding success were studied in one of the most important populations of this endangered species in Europe. Regurgitated pellets belonging to different pairs from 2004 to 2014 were analyzed, both in the breeding (1363 pellets from 12 territories) and non-breeding (172 pellets from 9 territories) seasons. From these territories, 57 molted feathers to study lead contamination were analyzed, and breeding success was monitored for 41 breeding attempts...
September 14, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917031/the-effect-of-propensity-to-trust-and-perceptions-of-trustworthiness-on-trust-behaviors-in-dyads
#3
Gene M Alarcon, Joseph B Lyons, James C Christensen, Samantha L Klosterman, Margaret A Bowers, Tyler J Ryan, Sarah A Jessup, Kevin T Wynne
Research on trust has burgeoned in the last few decades. Despite the growing interest in trust, little is known about trusting behaviors in non-dichotomous trust games. The current study explored propensity to trust, trustworthiness, and trust behaviors in a new computer-mediated trust relevant task. We used multivariate multilevel survival analysis (MMSA) to analyze behaviors across time. Results indicated propensity to trust did not influence trust behaviors. However, trustworthiness perceptions influenced initial trust behaviors and trust behaviors influenced subsequent trustworthiness perceptions...
September 15, 2017: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915360/risk-factors-for-reoperation-and-performance-based-outcomes-after-operative-fixation-of-foot-fractures-in-the-professional-athlete-a-cross-sport-analysis
#4
Sameer Singh, Kevin Larkin, Anish Kadakia, Wellington Hsu
BACKGROUND: Professional athletes are predisposed to fractures of the foot due to large stresses placed on the lower extremity. These players are concerned with efficiently returning to play at a high level. Return-to-play rates after operative treatment have been previously reported, yet performance outcomes after such treatment are generally unknown in this population. HYPOTHESIS: Overall, professional athletes sustaining a foot fracture would return to play at high rates with little impact on post-operative performance or league participation...
September 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914803/achieving-congestion-mitigation-using-distributed-power-control-for-spectrum-sensor-nodes-in-sensor-network-aided-cognitive-radio-ad-hoc-networks
#5
Long Zhang, Haitao Xu, Fan Zhuo, Hucai Duan
The data sequence of spectrum sensing results injected from dedicated spectrum sensor nodes (SSNs) and the data traffic from upstream secondary users (SUs) lead to unpredictable data loads in a sensor network-aided cognitive radio ad hoc network (SN-CRN). As a result, network congestion may occur at a SU acting as fusion center when the offered data load exceeds its available capacity, which degrades network performance. In this paper, we present an effective approach to mitigate congestion of bottlenecked SUs via a proposed distributed power control framework for SSNs over a rectangular grid based SN-CRN, aiming to balance resource load and avoid excessive congestion...
September 15, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914003/visual-fatigue-induced-by-viewing-a-tablet-computer-with-a-high-resolution-display
#6
Dong Ju Kim, Chi Yeon Lim, Namyi Gu, Choul Yong Park
PURPOSE: In the present study, the visual discomfort induced by smart mobile devices was assessed in normal and healthy adults. METHODS: Fifty-nine volunteers (age, 38.16 ± 10.23 years; male : female = 19 : 40) were exposed to tablet computer screen stimuli (iPad Air, Apple Inc.) for 1 hour. Participants watched a movie or played a computer game on the tablet computer. Visual fatigue and discomfort were assessed using an asthenopia questionnaire, tear film break-up time, and total ocular wavefront aberration before and after viewing smart mobile devices...
July 18, 2017: Korean Journal of Ophthalmology: KJO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913979/physical-pain-increases-interpersonal-trust-in-females
#7
C Wang, J Gao, Y Ma, C Zhu, X-W Dong
BACKGROUND: People behave and interact with others differently when experiencing physical pain. Pain has dramatic effects on one's emotional responses, cognitive functions and social interaction. However, little has been known about whether and how physical pain influences interpersonal trust in social interaction. In the present study, we examined the influence of physical pain on trusting behaviour. METHODS: A total of 112 healthy participants were recruited and assigned to physical pain condition (induced by Capsaicin) and control condition (with hand cream), respectively...
September 14, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913920/dramatic-pretend-play-games-uniquely-improve-emotional-control-in-young-children
#8
Thalia R Goldstein, Matthew D Lerner
Pretense is a naturally occurring, apparently universal activity for typically developing children. Yet its function and effects remain unclear. One theorized possibility is that pretense activities, such as dramatic pretend play games, are a possible causal path to improve children's emotional development. Social and emotional skills, particularly emotional control, are critically important for social development, as well as academic performance and later life success. However, the study of such approaches has been criticized for potential bias and lack of rigor, precluding the ability to make strong causal claims...
September 15, 2017: Developmental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912742/perception-action-and-cognition-of-football-referees-in-extreme-temperatures-impact-on-decision-performance
#9
Nadia Gaoua, Rita F de Oliveira, Steve Hunter
Different professional domains require high levels of physical performance alongside fast and accurate decision-making. Construction workers, police officers, firefighters, elite sports men and women, the military and emergency medical professionals are often exposed to hostile environments with limited options for behavioral coping strategies. In this (mini) review we use football refereeing as an example to discuss the combined effect of intense physical activity and extreme temperatures on decision-making and suggest an explicative model...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911295/echocardiography-time-audit-study
#10
K Yastrebov, C Costello, R Grealy, K Despande, S Game
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910584/problematic-gaming-behavior-among-finnish-junior-high-school-students-relation-to-socio-demographics-and-gaming-behavior-characteristics
#11
Niko Männikkö, Heidi Ruotsalainen, Zsolt Demetrovics, Olatz Lopez-Fernandez, Laura Myllymäki, Jouko Miettunen, Maria Kääriäinen
Multi-platform digital media use and gaming have been increased in recent years. The aim of this study was to examine associations between socio-demographics and digital gaming behavior characteristics (i.e., gaming time, medium, and genres) with problematic gaming behavior in adolescents. A convenience sample of Finnish junior high school students (n = 560; mean age 14 years, ranging from 12 to 16 years) participated in the cross-sectional survey, of which, 83% (n = 465) reported having played digital games regularly...
September 14, 2017: Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910218/the-weight-game-fighting-childhood-obesity-with-childhood-video-technology
#12
Kate Jamruk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910162/patient-engagement-is-related-to-impairment-reduction-during-digital-game-based-therapy-in-stroke
#13
David Putrino, Helma Zanders, Taya Hamilton, Avrielle Rykman, Peter Lee, Dylan J Edwards
OBJECTIVE: Upper limb impairment in the chronic phase of stroke recovery is persistent, disabling, and difficult to treat. The objectives of this study were to determine whether therapeutic enjoyment is related to clinical improvement after upper limb rehabilitation and to assess the feasibility of a therapy gaming system. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ten chronic stroke survivors with persistent upper limb impairment were enrolled in the study. Upper limb impairment was evaluated by using the Fugl-Meyer Assessment of Upper Extremity Function (FMA-UE)...
September 14, 2017: Games for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904270/comparison-of-chemicals-in-mainstream-smoke-in-heat-not-burn-tobacco-and-combustion-cigarettes
#14
Kanae Bekki, Yohei Inaba, Shigehisa Uchiyama, Naoki Kunugita
Because of the health effects of secondhand smoke, the Japanese government is trying to establish an effective law for total avoidance of secondhand smoke in indoor environments for tobacco-free Tokyo Olympic and Paralympic games 2020, as requested by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) and the World Health Organization (WHO). Meanwhile, Philip Morris International has begun selling a new heat-not-burn tobacco, iQOS, which it claims is designed not to produce secondhand smoke. There is little scientific data, however, of the hazards and toxicity of iQOS...
2017: Journal of UOEH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904100/influence-of-biases-in-numerical-magnitude-allocation-on-human-pro-social-decision-making
#15
Qadeer Arshad, Yuliya Nigmatullina, Shuaib Siddiqui, Mustafa Franka, Saniya Mediratta, Sanjeev Ramachandaran, Rhannon Lobo, Paresh Malhotra, R Edward Roberts, Adolfo M Bronstein
Over the past decade neuroscientific research has attempted to probe the neurobiological underpinnings of human pro-social decision-making. Such research has almost ubiquitously employed tasks such as the dictator game or similar variations (i.e. ultimatum game). Considering the explicit numerical nature of such tasks, it is surprising that the influence of numerical cognition upon decision-making during task performance remains unknown. Whilst performing these tasks, participants typically tend to anchor upon a 50:50 split that necessitates an explicit numerical judgement (i...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903947/fight-flight-or-finished-forced-fitness-behaviours-in-game-of-thrones
#16
Ryan E Rhodes, E Paul Zehr
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 13, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903691/sadism-the-intuitive-system-and-antisocial-punishment-in-the-public-goods-game
#17
Stefan Pfattheicher, Johannes Keller, Goran Knezevic
In public goods situations, a specific destructive behavior emerges when individuals face the possibility of punishing others: antisocial punishment, that is, costly punishing cooperative individuals. So far, little is known about the (intuitive or reflective) processes underlying antisocial punishment. Building on the Social Heuristics Hypothesis and arguing that antisocial punishment reflects the basic characteristics of sadism, namely, aggressive behavior to dominate and to harm other individuals it is assumed that everyday sadists intuitively engage in antisocial punishment...
March 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903639/when-silence-is-not-golden-why-acknowledgment-matters-even-when-being-excluded
#18
Selma C Rudert, Andrew H Hales, Rainer Greifeneder, Kipling D Williams
Following ostracism, individuals are highly sensitive to social cues. Here we investigate whether and when minimal acknowledgment can improve need satisfaction following an ostracism experience. In four studies, participants were either ostracized during Cyberball (Studies 1 and 2) or through a novel apartment-application paradigm (Studies 3 and 4). To signal acknowledgment following ostracism, participants were either thrown a ball a few times at the end of the Cyberball game, or received a message that was either friendly, neutral, or hostile in the apartment-application paradigm...
May 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902854/an-experimental-study-of-the-online-information-paradox-does-en-route-information-improve-road-network-performance
#19
Kasun P Wijayaratna, Vinayak V Dixit, Laurent Denant-Boemont, S Travis Waller
This study investigates the empirical presence of a theoretical transportation paradox, defined as the "Online Information Paradox" (OIP). The paradox suggests that, for certain road networks, the provision of online information deteriorate travel conditions for all users of that network relative to the situation where no online information is provided to users. The analytical presence of the paradox was derived for a specific network structure by using two equilibrium models, the first being the Expected User Equilibrium (EUE) solution (no information scenario) and the other being the User Equilibrium with Recourse (UER) solution (with information scenario)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902125/epidemiology-of-youth-boys-and-girls-lacrosse-injuries-in-the-2015-2016-seasons
#20
Zachary Y Kerr, Andrew E Lincoln, Thomas Dodge, Susan W Yeargin, Tracey M Covassin, Vincent C Nittoli, James Mensch, Karen G Roos, Thomas P Dompier, Shane V Caswell
PURPOSE: Examinations of injury among younger populations of lacrosse players that are beginning their development is limited. This study describes the epidemiology of youth boys' and girls' lacrosse injuries during the 2015-2016 seasons. METHODS: Surveillance data originated from a convenience sample of 10 leagues in five states with 1090 boys' and 480 girls' lacrosse players from the U9-U15 divisions. Athletic trainers reported injury and exposure data at games and practices...
September 7, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
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