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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535475/relationships-between-parental-attitudes-family-functioning-and-internet-gaming-disorder-in-adolescents-attending-school
#1
Céline Bonnaire, Olivier Phan
While recent data suggest a high prevalence of adolescent with Internet gaming disorder, little is known about interpersonal factors that contributes or protect to this disorder. Thus, the aim of this study was to examine the relationships between parental attitudes, adolescent perception of family functioning and Internet gaming disorder (IGD) and explore gender differences. From a sample of 434 adolescents attending school (n =434; age 13.2 years), 383 non-problematic gamers (NPG, 196 males; 187 females) were compared with 37 problematic gamers (PG, 29 males; 8 females)...
May 17, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535273/older-adults-in-public-open-spaces-age-and-gender-segregation
#2
Rinat Ben Noon, Liat Ayalon
Background and Objectives: There is a substantial body of literature on the importance of the environment in the lives of older adults. Nonetheless, to date, there has been limited research on everyday activities of urban older adults in public open spaces. The present study examined the activities of older adults in public open spaces in Israel with a specific focus on age and gender as potential variables of relevance. Research Design and Methods: Using still photography, we systematically photographed four sessions in two different public outdoor settings attended by older Israelis...
May 23, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534757/tissue-engineering-and-regenerative-medicine-the-promise-the-challenges-the-future
#3
Leslie Mertz
Medical researchers increasingly regard tissue engineering and regenerative medicine as potential game changers when it comes to repairing damage from disease or injury and restoring function. To understand the progress made and challenges ahead for this combined field, IEEE Pulse sought out two experts: David F. Williams, former global president (2012-2015) of the Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine International Society, and Roderic I. Pettigrew, founding director of the National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering (NIBIB) at the National Institutes of Health (NIH) [1]...
May 2017: IEEE Pulse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534279/overcoming-resistance-against-managed-care-insights-from-a-bargaining-model
#4
Andree Ehlert, Thomas Wein, Peter Zweifel
Recent healthcare reforms have sought to increase efficiency by introducing managed care (MC) while respecting consumer preferences by admitting choice between MC and conventional care. This article proposes an institutional change designed to let German consumers choose between the two settings through directing payments from the Federal Health Fund to social health insurers (SHIs) or to specialized MC organizations (MCOs). To gauge the chance of success of this reform, a game involving a SHI, a MCO, and a representative insured (RI) is analyzed...
December 2017: Health Economics Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533873/wrestling-game-injuries-among-children-in-dakar-a-report-on-172-cases
#5
Gabriel Ngom, Azhar Salim Mohamed, Papa Alassane Mbaye, Mbaye Fall, Oumar Ndour, Aimé Lakh Faye, Zakaria El-Hasnaoui
INTRODUCTION: The objective was to report epidemiological and lesional features among children practicing wrestling as a game in Dakar, Senegal. METHODS: It was a retrospective study including all patients under 16, victims of wrestling game injuries. We studied epidemiological and lesional aspects in children: frequency of wrestling game injuries among all games, age, sex, geographic origin, place of injury, parent's socioeconomic status, nature of the injury and location...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533760/the-role-of-prosocialness-and-trust-in-the-consumption-of-water-as-a-limited-resource
#6
Esther Cuadrado, Carmen Tabernero, Rocío García, Bárbara Luque, Jan Seibert
This research analyzes the role of prosocialness and trust in the use of water as a limited resource under situations of competition or cooperation. For this purpose, 107 participants played the role of farmers and made decisions about irrigating their fields in the web-based multiplayer game Irrigania. Before the simulation exercise, participants' prosocialness and trust levels were evaluated and they were randomly assigned to an experimental condition (competition or cooperation). Repeated measures analysis, using the 10 fields and the experimental conditions as factors, showed that, in the cooperation condition, farmers and their villages used a less selfish strategy to cultivate their fields, which produced greater benefits...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533626/nonhealing-progressive-stress-fractures-of-the-foot-in-a-13-year-old-basketball-player-is-vitamin-k-deficiency-a-risk-factor
#7
Meral Bayramoğlu, Nuray Ünlütürk
[Purpose] To report an adolescent male basketball player with nonhealing stress fractures of the foot and discuss the probable factors. [Subject and Methods] A 13-year-old basketball player presented with right foot pain. He had been playing basketball for three years and practicing 5 days/week. He denied any increase in daily training intensity. Magnetic resonance imaging confirmed stress fractures of the cuboid and cuneiform, with mild edema of the soft tissues between the tarsal bones and tenosynovitis of the flexor hallucis and flexor digitorum longi...
April 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533405/spatial-evolutionary-games-with-weak-selection
#8
Mridu Nanda, Richard Durrett
Recently, a rigorous mathematical theory has been developed for spatial games with weak selection, i.e., when the payoff differences between strategies are small. The key to the analysis is that when space and time are suitably rescaled, the spatial model converges to the solution of a partial differential equation (PDE). This approach can be used to analyze all [Formula: see text] games, but there are a number of [Formula: see text] games for which the behavior of the limiting PDE is not known. In this paper, we give rules for determining the behavior of a large class of [Formula: see text] games and check their validity using simulation...
May 22, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532867/ultrasound-study-of-elbow-ulnar-collateral-ligament-changes-in-collegiate-baseball-players-a-pilot-study
#9
Johnathan Erb, Heather Sherman, Sydney Williard, Julien Bui, Aimie Kachingwe
OBJECTIVE: To assess changes in elbow ulnar collateral ligament length in college baseball pitchers over the course of a single season. DESIGN: Cohort Feasibility Study. METHODS: Diagnostic ultrasound was used to assess both the dominant and non-dominant medial elbow joint space in four pitchers and five fielders and compared to in-game pitching data. Shoulder, elbow, wrist, hip, knee, and ankle range of motion measurements were also taken...
April 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532712/photosensitivity-and-epilepsy-current-concepts-and-perspectives-a-narrative-review
#10
REVIEW
A Martins da Silva, Bárbara Leal
The authors review the influence of photic stimuli on the generation of epileptic seizures, addressing the first descriptions of the phenomenon and its subsequent exploration. Initially defined in the 1950's, links between intermittent photic stimulation (IPS) and seizures were well understood by the 1970. Since then the increasing exposure to photic stimuli associated with modern life (for instance through TVs, patterns, computer games and electronic instruments with flickering displays) has led to an increased interest in this issue...
April 5, 2017: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532284/does-performance-level-affect-initial-ball-flight-kinematics-in-finger-and-wrist-spin-cricket-bowlers
#11
Wayne Spratford, David Whiteside, Bruce Elliott, Marc Portus, Nicholas Brown, Jacqueline Alderson
Spin bowling plays a fundamental role within the game of cricket yet little is known about the initial ball kinematics in elite and pathway spin bowlers or their relationship to performance. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to record three-dimensional ball kinematics in a large and truly high level cohort of elite and pathway finger-spin (FS) and wrist-spin (WS) bowlers, identifying potential performance measures that can be subsequently used in future research. A 22-camera Vicon motion analysis system captured retro-reflective markers placed on the seam (static) and ball (dynamic) to quantify ball kinematics in 36 FS (12 elite and 24 pathway) and 20 WS (eight elite and 12 pathway) bowlers...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530512/deaflympians-satisfaction-with-athletic-training-services-at-the-2013-deaflympic-summer-games
#12
Matthew Paul Brancaleone, René Revis Shingles, Nailya DeLellis
CONTEXT:   Athletic trainers have the opportunity to treat unique populations. Determining athletes' satisfaction with the athletic training services supplied can offer insights into how to improve the health care provided to athletes. OBJECTIVE:   To explore Deaflympians' satisfaction with athletic training services at the 2013 Deaflympic Summer Games. DESIGN:   Cross-sectional survey. SETTING:   The 2013 Deaflympic Summer Games in Sofia, Bulgaria...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529494/sensation-seeking-and-online-gaming-addiction-in-adolescents-a-moderated-mediation-model-of-positive-affective-associations-and-impulsivity
#13
Jianping Hu, Shuangju Zhen, Chengfu Yu, Qiuyan Zhang, Wei Zhang
Based on the Dual Systems Model (Somerville et al., 2010; Steinberg, 2010a) and the biosocial-affect model (Romer and Hennessy, 2007) of adolescent sensation seeking and problem behaviors, the present study examined how (affective associations with online games as a mediator) and when (impulsivity as a moderator) did sensation seeking influence online gaming addiction in adolescence. A total of 375 Chinese male adolescents (mean age = 16.02 years, SD = 0.85) from southern China completed anonymous questionnaires regarding sensation seeking, positive affective associations with online games, impulsivity, and online gaming addiction...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528804/an-interactive-videogame-for-arm-and-hand-exercise-in-people-with-parkinson-s-disease-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Natalie E Allen, Jooeun Song, Serene S Paul, Stuart Smith, Jonathan O'Duffy, Matthew Schmidt, Rachelle Love, Catherine Sherrington, Colleen G Canning
INTRODUCTION: People with Parkinson's disease (PD) have difficulty performing upper extremity (UE) activities. The aim of this study was to investigate if exergames targeting the UE improve arm and hand activities and impairments and to establish the acceptability and feasibility of these games in people with PD. METHODS: Two tablet-based exergames were developed which were controlled with finger movements or unimanual whole arm movements. Participants with PD were randomized to an exergame (n = 19) or control (n = 19) group...
May 15, 2017: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528341/sociocultural-influence-on-obesity-and-lifestyle-in-children-a-study-of-daily-activities-leisure-time-behavior-motor-skills-and-weight-status
#15
Martin Hilpert, Konrad Brockmeier, Sigrid Dordel, Benjamin Koch, Verena Weiß, Nina Ferrari, Walter Tokarski, Christine Graf
BACKGROUND: Juvenile overweight is increasing, and effective preventive measures are needed. After years of arbitrarily assigning these measures disregarding socioeconomic and/or cultural differences, it has become necessary to tailor interventions more specific to these target groups. Providing data for such an intervention is the objective of this study. METHODS: Influencing variables on children's weight status, motor skills and lifestyle have been analyzed among 997 first graders (53...
May 20, 2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527791/neural-substrates-of-male-parochial-altruism-are-modulated-by-testosterone-and-behavioral-strategy
#16
Luise Reimers, Christian Büchel, Esther K Diekhof
Parochial altruism refers to ingroup favoritism and outgroup hostility and has recently been linked to testosterone. Here, we investigated the neurobiological mechanism of parochial altruism in male soccer fans playing the ultimatum game (UG) against ingroup and outgroup members (i.e., fans of the favorite or of a rivalling team) using functional magnetic resonance imaging. Our results suggest that individual differences in altruistic tendency influence the tendency for parochialism. While altruistic subjects rejected unfair offers independent of team membership, the more self-oriented 'pro-selfs' displayed a stronger ingroup bias and rejected outgroup offers more often...
May 17, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527788/taking-control-structural-and-behavioural-plasticity-in-response-to-game-based-inhibition-training-in-older-adults
#17
Simone Kühn, Robert C Lorenz, Markus Weichenberger, Maxi Becker, Marten Haesner, Julie O'Sullivan, Anika Steinert, Elisabeth Steinhagen-Thiessen, Susanne Brandhorst, Thomas Bremer, Jürgen Gallinat
While previous attempts to train self-control in humans have frequently failed, we set out to train response inhibition using computer-game elements. We trained older adults with a newly developed game-based inhibition training on a tablet for two months and compared them to an active and passive control group. Behavioural effects reflected in shorter stop signal response times that were observed only in the inhibition-training group. This was accompanied by structural growth in cortical thickness of right inferior frontal gyrus (rIFG) triangularis, a brain region that has been associated with response inhibition...
May 17, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527589/competition-related-testosterone-cortisol-and-perceived-personal-success-in-recreational-women-athletes
#18
Kathleen V Casto, Aileen Rivell, David A Edwards
Thirty-five women participating in one or more intramural flag-football games provided saliva samples before, immediately after, and 10min after competition and completed an after-competition questionnaire appraising their own performance during the game. As seen in other studies of elite athletes, these recreational athletes, on average, showed significant elevations in testosterone (T) and cortisol (C) across the competition period - the "competition effect". In winners and losers, T levels at all time points measured were positively related to athletes' appraisals of their own individual performance...
May 17, 2017: Hormones and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527226/play-seriously-effectiveness-of-serious-games-and-their-features-in-motor-rehabilitation-a-meta-analysis
#19
Diana Tăut, Sebastian Pintea, Jan-Paul W R Roovers, Miguel-Angel Mañanas, Adriana Băban
BACKGROUND: Evidence for the effectiveness of serious games (SGs) and their various features is inconsistent in the motor rehabilitation field, which makes evidence based development of SGs a rare practice. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effectiveness of SGs in motor rehabilitation for upper limb and movement/balance and to test the potential moderating role of SGs features like feedback, activities, characters and background. METHODS: We ran a meta-analysis including 61 studies reporting randomized controlled trials (RCTs), controlled trials (CTs) or case series designs in which at least one intervention for motor rehabilitation included the use of SGs as standalone or in combination...
May 19, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526990/how-does-supplementary-feeding-affect-endoparasite-infection-in-wild-boar
#20
Ragne Oja, Kaisa Velström, Epp Moks, Pikka Jokelainen, Brian Lassen
Supplementary feeding is widely used in game management but may aid the transmission of parasites. Firstly, feeding sites attract animals and may be regarded as high-risk areas for parasite transmission. Secondly, high host population densities resulting from and supported by supplementary feeding, as well as accumulation of parasites in the environment, may increase parasite prevalence. Our aim was to investigate whether host density or the number of feeding sites drives endoparasite infection in an Estonian wild boar (Sus scrofa) population...
May 19, 2017: Parasitology Research
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