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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346434/cognitive-distortions-and-gambling-near-misses-in-internet-gaming-disorder-a-preliminary-study
#1
Yin Wu, Guillaume Sescousse, Hongbo Yu, Luke Clark, Hong Li
Increased cognitive distortions (i.e. biased processing of chance, probability and skill) are a key psychopathological process in disordered gambling. The present study investigated state and trait aspects of cognitive distortions in 22 individuals with Internet Gaming Disorder (IGD) and 22 healthy controls. Participants completed the Gambling Related Cognitions Scale as a trait measure of cognitive distortions, and played a slot machine task delivering wins, near-misses and full-misses. Ratings of pleasure ("liking") and motivation to play ("wanting") were taken following the different outcomes, and gambling persistence was measured after a mandatory phase...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346087/a-not-for-profit-regulatory-model-for-legal-recreational-cannabis-insights-from-the-regulation-of-gaming-machine-gambling-in-new-zealand
#2
Chris Wilkins
A dozen or more regulatory frameworks have been proposed for legal cannabis but many of the "not-for-profit" options have yet to be developed in any detail, reducing the likelihood they will be seriously considered by policy makers. New Zealand's innovative "not-for-profit" regulatory regime for gaming machine gambling (i.e. "slot machines") has reversed the previous increase in gambling expenditure, empowered local councils to cap the number of gambling venues, and is unique in requiring the societies operating gaming machines to distribution 40% of the gross expenditure from machines (i...
January 12, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346038/smartphone-applications-for-amblyopia-treatment-a-review-of-current-apps-and-professional-involvement
#3
Nabin Paudel
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to review games for amblyopia (lazy eye) that are commercially available in mobile applications (apps) stores and assess the involvement of eye care professionals in their development. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Google play store and the Apple iTunes store were searched in July 2017 and updated in September 2017 for amblyopia games using the terms amblyopia, lazy eye, amblyopia therapy, lazy eye therapy, lazy eye exercises, amblyopia exercises, lazy eye games, and amblyopia games...
January 18, 2018: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345144/pilot-randomized-controlled-trial-of-the-go-game-intervention-on-cognitive-function
#4
Ai Iizuka, Hiroyuki Suzuki, Susumu Ogawa, Kimi Estela Kobayashi-Cuya, Momoko Kobayashi, Toru Takebayashi, Yoshinori Fujiwara
This study investigated the effects of an intervention using the game "GO" on cognitive function in nursing home residents and evaluated the acquisition of GO according to each stage of dementia. Participants were randomly assigned to either the GO intervention group or a control group, and the intervention was performed once weekly for 15 weeks. Cognitive tests were conducted before and after intervention, and 17 participants were included in the final analysis. Analysis of covariance demonstrated that in the intervention group, the digit span total score significantly improved and the digit span backward score was maintained, whereas these scores decreased in the control group...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Alzheimer's Disease and Other Dementias
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344760/on-the-shapley-value-of-unrooted-phylogenetic-trees
#5
Kristina Wicke, Mareike Fischer
The Shapley value, a solution concept from cooperative game theory, has recently been considered for both unrooted and rooted phylogenetic trees. Here, we focus on the Shapley value of unrooted trees and first revisit the so-called split counts of a phylogenetic tree and the Shapley transformation matrix that allows for the calculation of the Shapley value from the edge lengths of a tree. We show that non-isomorphic trees may have permutation-equivalent Shapley transformation matrices and permutation-equivalent null spaces...
January 17, 2018: Bulletin of Mathematical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344097/investigating-the-use-of-an-electronic-hand-hygiene-monitoring-and-prompt-device-influence-and-acceptability
#6
Judith Dyson, Maurice Madeo
Introduction: Hand hygiene (HH) prevents the transmission of healthcare-associated infections. Electronic HH monitoring and prompt devices have been developed to overcome problems with monitoring HH and to improve compliance. Devices monitor room entry and exit and soap use through communication between ceiling sensors and badges worn by practitioners and the badges sense alcohol rub. Objectives: To investigate (1) the impact of devices on HH compliance, (2) how devices influence behaviour and (3) the experience and opinions of practitioners on the use devices...
November 2017: Journal of Infection Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343932/effects-of-multimodal-mandala-yoga-on-social-and-emotional-skills-for-youth-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-an-exploratory-study
#7
Lyn Gorbett Litchke, Ting Liu, Stephanie Castro
Context: Youth with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) demonstrates impairment in the ability to socially and emotionally relate to others that can limit participation in groups, interaction with peers, and building successful life relationships. Aims: The aim of this exploratory study was to examine the effects of a novel multimodal Mandala yoga program on social and emotional skills for youth with ASD. Subjects and Methods: Five males with ASD attended 1 h yoga sessions, twice a week for 4 weeks...
January 2018: International Journal of Yoga
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343692/symmetric-decomposition-of-asymmetric-games
#8
Karl Tuyls, Julien Pérolat, Marc Lanctot, Georg Ostrovski, Rahul Savani, Joel Z Leibo, Toby Ord, Thore Graepel, Shane Legg
We introduce new theoretical insights into two-population asymmetric games allowing for an elegant symmetric decomposition into two single population symmetric games. Specifically, we show how an asymmetric bimatrix game (A,B) can be decomposed into its symmetric counterparts by envisioning and investigating the payoff tables (A and B) that constitute the asymmetric game, as two independent, single population, symmetric games. We reveal several surprising formal relationships between an asymmetric two-population game and its symmetric single population counterparts, which facilitate a convenient analysis of the original asymmetric game due to the dimensionality reduction of the decomposition...
January 17, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342218/cross-lagged-structural-equation-models-for-the-relationship-between-health-related-state-and-behaviours-and-body-bullying-in-adolescence-findings-from-longitudinal-study-elana
#9
Viviane S Straatmann, Ylva B Almquist, Aldair J Oliveira, Mikael Rostila, Claudia S Lopes
We investigated the stability and the directionality of being body bullied and a set of four variables- 1) Body Mass Index (BMI), 2) moderate and vigorous physical activity (MVPA), 3) television time (TV) and 4) video game/computer time (VG)-, termed in the present study as 'health-related state and behaviours (HRSB)'-across adolescence. The Adolescent Nutritional Assessment Longitudinal Study (ELANA) is a cohort study conducted among middle school students from two public and four private schools in Rio de Janeiro-Brazil...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342171/health-behavior-associated-with-liver-enzymes-among-obese-korean-adolescents-2009-2014
#10
Eun-Young Lee, Hwa Young Choi, Hyunsoon Cho, Bo Hyun Kim, Moran Ki
AIMS: Obesity is major risk factor for liver health. This study aimed to clarify whether specific health behaviors were associated with liver function in obese adolescents in Korea. METHODS: Based on national school health examination data from 2009 to 2014, 25,142 obese or overweight students were examined for aspartate transaminase and alanine transaminase levels, and health behaviors. Multiple logistic regression was used to calculate the odds ratio for liver enzyme elevation...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341950/clinical-characteristics-of-ulceroglandular-tularemia-in-two-bulgarian-regions-2014-2015-a-report-of-five-cases
#11
Liliya M Pekova, Magdalena P Baymakova, Pavlina O Parousheva, Mariya D Fartunova, Nikolay E Dimitrov, Iskra A Tomova
We present here the first five human cases with tularemia from two regions in South Bulgaria in which there had been no previous report of the infection. The cases occurred over a period of 8 months (December 2014 - August 2015). They were treated at the Department of Infectious Diseases in Stara Zagora University Hospital, Bulgaria. We present the clinical, epidemiological and laboratory data for four men and one woman (age range 52 to 73 years). Three men were hunters, four patients took part in handling, preparing/skinning and cooking the game animals...
December 20, 2017: Folia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341913/characterisation-of-pore-structures-of-pharmaceutical-tablets-a-review
#12
REVIEW
Daniel Markl, Alexa Strobel, Rüdiger Schlossnikl, Johan Bøtker, Prince Bawuah, Cathy Ridgway, Jukka Rantanen, Thomas Rades, Patrick Gane, Kai-Erik Peiponen, J Axel Zeitler
Traditionally, the development of a new solid dosage form is formulation-driven and less focus is put on the design of a specific microstructure for the drug delivery system. However, the compaction process particularly impacts the microstructure, or more precisely, the pore architecture in a pharmaceutical tablet. Besides the formulation, the pore structure is a major contributor to the overall performance of oral solid dosage forms as it directly affects the liquid uptake rate, which is the very first step of the dissolution process...
January 13, 2018: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341806/the-membrane-potential-puzzle-a-new-educational-game-to-use-in-physiology-teaching
#13
Rui Seabra Machado, Inaê Oliveira, Ingrid Ferreira, Ben-Hur Souto das Neves, Pâmela B Mello-Carpes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341178/security-investment-in-contagious-networks
#14
Seyed Alireza Hasheminasab, Behrouz Tork Ladani
Security of the systems is normally interdependent in such a way that security risks of one part affect other parts and threats spread through the vulnerable links in the network. So, the risks of the systems can be mitigated through investments in the security of interconnecting links. This article takes an innovative look at the problem of security investment of nodes on their vulnerable links in a given contagious network as a game-theoretic model that can be applied to a variety of applications including information systems...
January 16, 2018: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341027/developing-deep-learning-applications-for-life-science-and-pharma-industry
#15
Daniel Siegismund, Vasily Tolkachev, Stephan Heyse, Beate Sick, Oliver Duerr, Stephan Steigele
Deep Learning has boosted artificial intelligence over the past 5 years and is seen now as one of the major technological innovation areas, predicted to replace lots of repetitive, but complex tasks of human labor within the next decade. It is also expected to be 'game changing' for research activities in pharma and life sciences, where large sets of similar yet complex data samples are systematically analyzed. Deep learning is currently conquering formerly expert domains especially in areas requiring perception, previously not amenable to standard machine learning...
January 16, 2018: Drug Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340970/ultrahigh-temporal-resolution-of-visual-presentation-using-gaming-monitors-and-g-sync
#16
Christian H Poth, Rebecca M Foerster, Christian Behler, Ulrich Schwanecke, Werner X Schneider, Mario Botsch
Vision unfolds as an intricate pattern of information processing over time. Studying vision and visual cognition therefore requires precise manipulations of the timing of visual stimulus presentation. Although standard computer display technologies offer great accuracy and precision of visual presentation, their temporal resolution is limited. This limitation stems from the fact that the presentation of rendered stimuli has to wait until the next refresh of the computer screen. We present a novel method for presenting visual stimuli with ultrahigh temporal resolution (<1 ms) on newly available gaming monitors...
January 16, 2018: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340440/-administration-practices-myths-and-ideologies
#17
Hugo Spinelli
Administration in the social field is examined based on an analysis of its practices, the rationalist myth and its ideological dimensions. In this way, the article discusses the most frequently utilized concepts (administration, management, gerencia, gestión) and their etymologies; the limitations of teaching administration; the complexity of a practice marked by the dimensions of science, art and the social game; and the ideological question underlying the great thought factory that the general theory of administration has been since the start of the 19th century...
October 2017: Salud Colectiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340317/intradialytic-cognitive-and-exercise-training-may-preserve-cognitive-function
#18
Mara A McAdams-DeMarco, Jonathan Konel, Fatima Warsame, Hao Ying, Marlís González Fernández, Michelle C Carlson, Derek M Fine, Lawrence J Appel, Dorry L Segev
Introduction: Cognitive decline is common and increases mortality risk in hemodialysis patients. Intradialytic interventions like cognitive training (CT) and exercise training (ET) may preserve cognitive function. Methods: We conducted a pilot randomized controlled trial of 20 hemodialysis patients to study the impact of 3 months of intradialytic CT (tablet-based brain games) (n = 7), ET (foot peddlers) (n = 6), or standard of care (SC) (n = 7) on cognitive function...
January 2018: KI Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340268/out-with-the-old-in-with-the-new-assessing-change-in-screen-time-when-measurement-changes-over-time
#19
Katie E Gunnell, Jennifer Brunet, Mathieu Bélanger
We examined if screen time can be assessed over time when the measurement protocol has changed to reflect advances in technology. Beginning in 2011, 929 youth (9-12 years at time one) living in in New Brunswick (Canada) self-reported the amount of time spent watching television (cycles 1-13), using computers (cycles 1-13), and playing video games (cycles 3-13). Using longitudinal invariance to test a shifting indicators model of screen time, we found that the relationships between the latent variable reflecting overall screen time and the indicators used to assess screen time were invariant across cycles (weak invariance)...
March 2018: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340129/protective-isolation-for-patients-with-haematological-malignancies-a-pilot-study-investigating-patients-distress-and-use-of-time
#20
O Annibali, C Pensieri, V Tomarchio, V Biagioli, M Pennacchini, A Tendas, V Tambone, M C Tirindelli
Background: Patients with haematological malignancies are often hospitalized in protective isolation until full neutrophil recovery in order to prevent infections. This descriptive pilot study evaluate the level of isolation-related distress and the use of free time in a sample of Italian onco-haematological patients who were hospitalized in protective isolation. Materials and Methods: Participants were 18 patients hospitalized in hematologic ward to receive induction therapy (n=12) or autologous stem cell transplant (n=6)...
October 1, 2017: International Journal of Hematology-oncology and Stem Cell Research
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