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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783104/school-climate-and-physical-adolescent-relationship-abuse-differences-by-sex-socioeconomic-status-and-bullying
#1
Sonia Jain, Alison K Cohen, Taylor Paglisotti, Malavika A Subramanyam, Alison Chopel, Elizabeth Miller
Little is known about the association between school climate and adolescent relationship abuse (ARA). We used 2011-2012 data from surveys of California public school students (in the United States of America) who were in a dating relationship in the last year (n = 112 378) to quantify the association between different school climate constructs and physical ARA. Fifty-two percent of students were female, and all students were in 9th or 11th grade (approximately ages 14-17). Over 11% of students reported experiencing physical ARA in the last year...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772397/grandmother-and-health-care-professional-breastfeeding-perspectives-provide-opportunities-for-health-promotion-in-an-american-indian-community
#2
Bailey Houghtaling, Carmen Byker Shanks, Selena Ahmed, Elizabeth Rink
RATIONALE: While breastfeeding is well recognized as beneficial, rates of breastfeeding among American Indian women are below average and contribute to health inequities. Culturally specific approaches to breastfeeding research are called for to inform appropriate interventions in American Indian communities. Specifically, a grandmother's role in breastfeeding promotion is of great import particularly in American Indian (AI) groups, although is an understudied topic to date. OBJECTIVE: This research seeks to fill a prominent literature gap by utilizing a grounded theory and community-based research approach to inform breastfeeding practices from the voices of grandmothers and health care professionals in a rural AI community in the United States...
May 8, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761343/role-of-exogenous-progesterone-in-the-treatment-of-men-and-women-with-substance-use-disorders-a-narrative-review
#3
REVIEW
MacKenzie R Peltier, Mehmet Sofuoglu
Substance use disorders (SUDs) remain problematic as many individuals are untreated or do not benefit from the currently available interventions. Thus, there is an urgent need to develop novel pharmacological interventions to treat SUDs. Evidence suggests that the female sex hormone, progesterone, attenuates the craving for and the euphoric effects of drugs of abuse. Research to date has demonstrated that progesterone may modulate responses to drugs of abuse and may have utility as a novel treatment for SUDs...
May 14, 2018: CNS Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760666/candyflipping-and-other-combinations-identifying-drug-drug-combinations-from-an-online-forum
#4
Michael Chary, David Yi, Alex F Manini
Novel psychoactive substances (NPS) refer to synthetic compounds or derivatives of more widely known substances of abuse that have emerged over the last two decades. Case reports suggest that users combine substances to achieve desired psychotropic experiences while reducing dysphoria and unpleasant somatic effects. However, the pattern of combining NPS has not been studied on a large scale. Here, we show that posts discussing NPS describe combining nootropics with sedative-hypnotics and stimulants with plant hallucinogens or psychiatric medications...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756302/velopharyngeal-dysfunction-from-intranasal-substance-abuse-case-series-and-review-of-literature
#5
Peng You, Linda Chow, Anne Dworschak-Stokan, Murad Husein
OBJECTIVE: Intranasal substance abuse with cocaine or opioids can result in complications involving the midline nasal and oral structures. When the defect involves the velopharyngeal musculature, this leads to velopharyngeal dysfunction (VPD). This article aims to illustrate this clinical entity through a series of four patients and a review of the literature. METHODS: A series of four cases of VPD due to intranasal narcotic use and their management are discussed...
May 14, 2018: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750769/updates-on-adolescent-dating-and-sexual-violence-prevention-and-intervention
#6
Elizabeth Miller, Kelley A Jones, Heather L McCauley
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Dating and sexual violence victimization are not uncommon in early adolescence and increase in prevalence throughout adolescence into young adulthood with profound health and social consequences. Greater attention to what works in prevention is needed to inform current policies and practices. RECENT FINDINGS: Adolescent dating violence (ADV) and sexual violence victimization, including cyber dating abuse, are highly prevalent among adolescents...
May 9, 2018: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748899/implementing-a-coach-delivered-dating-violence-prevention-program-with-high-school-athletes
#7
Maria Catrina D Jaime, Heather L McCauley, Daniel J Tancredi, Michele R Decker, Jay G Silverman, Brian O'Connor, Elizabeth Miller
Teen dating violence and sexual violence are severe public health problems. Abusive behaviors within the context of dating or romantic relationships are associated with adverse health outcomes. Promoting positive bystander intervention and increasing knowledge of abusive behaviors are promising strategies for preventing dating and sexual violence. Coaching Boys Into Men (CBIM) is an evidence-based, athletic coach-delivered dating violence prevention program that has been shown to increase positive bystander behaviors and reduce abuse perpetration among high school male athletes...
May 10, 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726311/the-romantic-relationship-experiences-of-young-adult-women-exposed-to-domestic-violence
#8
Megan L Haselschwerdt, Camille E Carlson, Kathleen Hlavaty
Guided by a review of the literature on intergenerational transmission of violence, or "the cycle of violence", and Johnson's typology of domestic violence, the current study qualitatively examined the romantic relationship experiences of 23 young adult women who were exposed to father-mother-perpetrated domestic violence (DV) during childhood and adolescence. Findings are partially consistent with the hypothesis that DV exposure is associated with an increased risk of later experiencing dating violence, such that half of the sample reported having abusive partners or relationships during high school...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716553/protocol-for-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-evaluating-the-impact-of-a-preschool-based-capacity-building-intervention-on-intimate-partner-violence-and-substance-misuse-in-sri-lanka
#9
Kamalini Lokuge, Polly Wallace, Kalini Subasinghe, Katherine Thurber, Tissa De Silva, Naomi Clarke, Dulshika Waas, Nisansala Liyanage, Udena Attygalle, Bradley Carron-Arthur, Kalyana Rodrigo, Emily Banks, Cate D'Este, Thilini Rajapakse
BACKGROUND: Past research has identified links between intimate partner violence (IPV) and alcohol misuse and poverty in Sri Lanka. Services that address substance misuse are amongst the few interventions shown to reduce IPV in settings similar to Sri Lanka. This paper describes the protocol for a study examining the impact of a preschool-based capacity building intervention on the prevalence of IPV and substance misuse in parents with children attending preschools, including uptake of available government services...
May 2, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29714526/brain-intrinsic-network-connectivity-in-individuals-with-frequent-tanning-behavior
#10
Ariel Ketcherside, Francesca M Filbey, Pamela M Aubert, John P Seibyl, Julianne L Price, Bryon Adinoff
BACKGROUND: Emergent studies suggest a bidirectional relationship between brain functioning and the skin. This neurocutaneous connection may be responsible for the reward response to tanning and, thus, may contribute to excessive tanning behavior. To date, however, this association has not yet been examined. OBJECTIVES: To explore whether intrinsic brain functional connectivity within the default mode network (DMN) is related to indoor tanning behavior. METHODS: Resting state functional connectivity (rsFC) was obtained in twenty adults (16 females) with a history of indoor tanning...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709205/long-term-plasticity-of-neurotransmitter-release-emerging-mechanisms-and-contributions-to-brain-function-and-disease
#11
Hannah R Monday, Thomas J Younts, Pablo E Castillo
Long-lasting changes of brain function in response to experience rely on diverse forms of activity-dependent synaptic plasticity. Chief among them are long-term potentiation and long-term depression of neurotransmitter release, which are widely expressed by excitatory and inhibitory synapses throughout the central nervous system and can dynamically regulate information flow in neural circuits. This review article explores recent advances in presynaptic long-term plasticity mechanisms and contributions to circuit function...
April 25, 2018: Annual Review of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708134/british-torture-in-the-war-on-terror
#12
Ruth Blakeley, Sam Raphael
Despite long-standing allegations of UK involvement in prisoner abuse during counterterrorism operations as part of the US-led 'war on terror', a consistent narrative emanating from British government officials is that Britain neither uses, condones nor facilitates torture or other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment and punishment. We argue that such denials are untenable. We have established beyond reasonable doubt that Britain has been deeply involved in post-9/11 prisoner abuse, and we can now provide the most detailed account to date of the depth of this involvement...
June 2017: European journal of international relations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699433/prescription-drug-misuse-and-child-maltreatment-among-high-risk-families
#13
Jennifer Price Wolf
Prescription drug misuse is increasingly common in the United States. To date, little is known about how prescription drug misuse relates to negative parenting behaviors like child maltreatment, even though use of illicit drugs increases rates of both child neglect and physical abuse. This study used secondary data from the Fragile Families and Child Well-Being Study (FFCWS), a clustered national sample of families at high risk for both prescription drug misuse and child maltreatment ( n = 2,917). Data from mothers who participated in the 9-year follow-up of this study were used to create logistic regression models examining prescription drug misuse and physically aggressive and neglectful parenting, while controlling for demographic and psychosocial variables...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685056/individual-and-parental-risk-factors-for-sexual-exploitation-among-high-risk-youth-in-uganda
#14
Shannon Self-Brown, Rachel Culbreth, Rebecca Wilson, Lisa Armistead, Rogers Kasirye, Monica H Swahn
This study examined risk factors to determine associations with commercial sexual exploitation of children and youth (CSEC) in a convenience sample of adolescents living in the slums in Kampala, Uganda. Individual-level factors included demographic, adverse experiences (ever living on the streets; victim of dating violence, parental abuse, or rape), and behavioral risk (social media, alcohol use, age at first intercourse). Parental-risk factors included parent alcohol use and approval attitudes toward youth sex...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683049/adolescents-help-seeking-behavior-and-intentions-following-adolescent-dating-violence-a-systematic-review
#15
Kerrie Bundock, Carmen Chan, Olivia Hewitt
The review aimed to systematically identify and summarize empirical work examining adolescent victims' help-seeking behaviors and intentions in relation to their own experience of adolescent dating violence (ADV) and to critically evaluate the literature. Three main objectives were addressed: identify factors associated with help seeking, identify help-seeking source (who adolescents disclose to), and explore the barriers and facilitators for help seeking. Results were separated into actual help seeking and help-seeking intentions...
January 1, 2018: Trauma, Violence & Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670407/first-episode-psychosis-as-the-initial-presentation-of-multiple-sclerosis-a-case-report
#16
Athena Enderami, Rose Fouladi, Seyed Hamzeh Hosseini
Background: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an inflammatory disease that affects the central nervous system (CNS). MS with episode of psychosis is a rare entity, and to the best of our knowledge, no case has been reported from Iran till date. Case presentation: We report a case of MS with first-episode psychosis in a 27-year-old single man with no history of psychiatric disorder or drug abuse. The patient developed neurological symptoms after 3 months and was finally diagnosed as a case of MS...
2018: International Medical Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29645275/central-and-peripheral-chemoreceptors-in-sudden-infant-death-syndrome
#17
Andrea Porzionato, Veronica Macchi, Raffaele De Caro
The pathogenesis of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) has been ascribed to an underlying biological vulnerability to stressors during a critical period of development. This paper reviews the main data in the literature supporting the role of central (e.g. retrotrapezoid nucleus, serotoninergic raphe nuclei, locus coeruleus, orexinergic neurons, ventral medullary surface, solitary tract nucleus) and peripheral (e.g. carotid body) chemoreceptors in the pathogenesis of SIDS. Clinical and experimental studies indicate that central and peripheral chemoreceptors undergo critical development during the initial postnatal period, consistent with the age range of SIDS (< 1 year)...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625538/hospitalization-risk-in-bipolar-disorder-patients-treated-with-lurasidone-versus-other-atypical-antipsychotics
#18
Daisy Ng-Mak, Rachel Halpern, Krithika Rajagopalan, Antony Loebel
OBJECTIVE: This observational study compared the risk of hospitalization for patients with bipolar disorder when treated with lurasidone versus other oral atypical antipsychotics. METHODS: This U.S. commercial claims analysis (April 4, 2010 through September 24, 2014) used the Optum Research Database to identify adult patients with bipolar disorder treated with oral atypical antipsychotics (N = 11,132). The first claim for an atypical antipsychotic defined the index date, with pre-index and post-index periods of 180 and 360 days, respectively...
April 6, 2018: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614983/compared-characteristics-of-current-vs-past-smokers-at-the-time-of-diagnosis-of-a-first-time-lung-or-head-and-neck-cancer-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Corinne Vannimenus, Hélène Bricout, Olivier Le Rouzic, François Mouawad, Dominique Chevalier, Eric Dansin, Laurence Rotsaert, Gautier Lefebvre, Olivier Cottencin, Henri Porte, Arnaud Scherpereel, Asmaa El Fahsi, Florence Richard, Benjamin Rolland
BACKGROUND: Active smoking at the time of diagnosis of a first head & neck (H&N) or lung cancer is associated with a worse cancer outcome and increased mortality. However, the compared characteristics of active vs. former smokers at cancer diagnosis are poorly known. METHODS: In 371 subjects with a first H&N or lung cancer, we assessed: 1) socio-demographic features; 2) lifelong types of smoking; 3) alcohol use disorder identification test (AUDIT); 4) cannabis abuse screening test (CAST); and 5) Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI)...
April 3, 2018: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609676/turkish-version-of-the-multidimensional-measure-of-emotional-abuse-preliminary-psychometrics-in-college-students
#20
Ezgi Toplu Demirtaş, Zeynep Hatipoğlu Sümer, Christopher M Murphy
The aim of the current study was to investigate the basic psychometrics of the Multidimensional Measure of Emotional Abuse (MMEA; Murphy & Hoover, 1999) in a Turkish sample. Two hundred and fifty-four college students participated and completed the Turkish version of the MMEA (MMEA-TR) along with the Physical Assault of Conflict Tactics Scale-Revised, Experiences in Close Relationships Inventory, Relationship Assessment Scale, and Social Desirability Questionnaire. Confirmatory factor analysis supported the four-factor structure of the MMEA-TR for both victimization and perpetration reports...
April 1, 2018: Violence and Victims
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