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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353178/impulsivity-in-early-psychosis-a-complex-link-with-violent-behaviour-and-a-target-for-intervention
#1
V Moulin, P Golay, J Palix, P S Baumann, M-M Gholamrezaee, A Azzola, J Gasser, K Q Do, L Alameda, P Conus
BACKGROUND: Violent behaviour (VB) occurs in first episode of schizophrenia and can have devastating impact both on victims and patients themselves. A better knowledge of the underlying mechanisms of VB may pave the way to preventive treatments. OBJECTIVES: 1) To explore the nature of the link between impulsivity and VB in early psychosis (EP) patients; 2) To explore the interactions between impulsivity and substance abuse, insight, and positive symptoms, the main dynamic risk factors of VB described to date...
January 17, 2018: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343133/central-nervous-system-malformation-associated-with-methamphetamine-abuse-during-pregnancy
#2
Silvia Maya-Enero, Júlia Candel-Pau, Mónica Rebollo-Polo, Santiago Candela-Cantó, Rafael de la Torre, María Ángeles López-Vílchez
INTRODUCTION: Prenatal methamphetamine exposure is related to prematurity, fetal growth restriction, neurobehavioral effects and long-term motor and cognitive sequelae. PATIENT PRESENTATION: We report the case of a newborn from a Filipina with no prenatal care with a complex brain malformation. Methamphetamine was identified in maternal and neonatal urine and in maternal hair, raising our suspicion of methamphetamine as a cause of this malformation. DISCUSSION: Methamphetamine abuse is a growing problem worldwide...
January 17, 2018: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336948/the-effect-of-a-potentially-tamper-resistant-oxycodone-formulation-on-opioid-use-and-harm-main-findings-of-the-national-opioid-medications-abuse-deterrence-nomad-study
#3
Briony Larance, Timothy Dobbins, Amy Peacock, Robert Ali, Raimondo Bruno, Nicholas Lintzeris, Michael Farrell, Louisa Degenhardt
BACKGROUND: Escalation of pharmaceutical opioid use and harm in North America is well-documented, with similar issues emerging in Australia. One response is the development of tamper-resistant formulations of opioids. A potentially tamper-resistant formulation of controlled-release oxycodone was introduced in Australia in April, 2014, rapidly replacing the non-tamper-resistant formulation. Our study is the most systematic and comprehensive examination of the impact of a new opioid formulation to date, assessing the effect of tamper-resistant formulation of controlled-release oxycodone on population-level opioid use and opioid-related harm (ie, overdose, help-seeking, and treatment-seeking); and opioid use, tampering, and preference for the tamper-resistant formulation of controlled-release oxycodone compared with other drugs or formulations among sentinel populations likely to tamper with pharmaceutical opioids...
January 10, 2018: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332540/using-the-woman-abuse-screening-tool-to-screen-for-and-assess-dating-violence-in-college-students
#4
Janet Yuen-Ha Wong, Daniel Yee-Tak Fong, Jessie Ho-Yin Yau, Edmond Pui-Hang Choi, Anna Wai-Man Choi, Judith Belle Brown
The study aimed to evaluate the measurement properties of the Woman Abuse Screening Tool (WAST) in Chinese college students. A cross-sectional survey was conducted in Hong Kong. A cutoff score of 10 was found to be able to discriminate between abused and nonabused Chinese young adults. The total score was significantly correlated with total scores for anxiety and depression on the Chinese version of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. Two-factor structure of the WAST was supported by exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses...
October 1, 2017: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332532/is-the-end-really-the-end-prevalence-and-correlates-of-college-women-s-intentions-to-return-to-an-abusive-relationship
#5
Katie M Edwards, Kelly M Palmer, Kristin G Lindemann, Christine A Gidycz
Fifty-six college women completed surveys before and after terminating an abusive, heterosexual dating relationship. Whereas 64% of women had contact with their abusive partner post break-up, only 14% reported a moderate to high likelihood that they would return. Intentions to return were prospectively predicted by fewer perceived quality of alternatives, and cross-sectional correlates of intentions to return were being single, shorter time since relationship termination, having contact with one's abusive ex-partner, and social pressure to return...
February 2018: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328810/shelf-life-of-food-products-from-open-labeling-to-real-time-measurements
#6
Maria G Corradini
The labels currently used on food and beverage products only provide consumers with a rough guide to their expected shelf lives because they assume that a product only experiences a limited range of predefined handling and storage conditions. These static labels do not take into consideration conditions that might shorten a product's shelf life (such as temperature abuse), which can lead to problems associated with food safety and waste. Advances in shelf-life estimation have the potential to improve the safety, reliability, and sustainability of the food supply...
January 12, 2018: Annual Review of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325791/the-therapeutic-effects-of-cannabis-and-cannabinoids-an-update-from-the-national-academies-of-sciences-engineering-and-medicine-report
#7
REVIEW
Donald I Abrams
The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine conducted a rapid turn-around comprehensive review of recent medical literature on The Health Effects of Cannabis and Cannabinoids. The 16-member committee adopted the key features of a systematic review process, conducting an extensive search of relevant databases and considered 10,000 recent abstracts to determine their relevance. Primacy was given to recently published systematic reviews and primary research that studied one of the committee's 11 prioritized health endpoints- therapeutic effects; cancer incidence; cardiometabolic risk; respiratory disease; immune function; injury and death; prenatal, perinatal and postnatal outcomes; psychosocial outcomes; mental health; problem Cannabis use; and Cannabis use and abuse of other substances...
January 8, 2018: European Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324273/a-situational-crime-prevention-analysis-of-anglican-clergy-s-child-protective-practices
#8
Michael Andre Guerzoni
To date, a predominant focus within the field of 'clerical collar crime' has revolved around institutional-level church responses to child sexual abuse events, survivors and offenders. Comparatively, little attention has been directed towards the micro-level and in particular, examining clerical responses to child sexual abuse. This article presents empirical findings concerning the 'everyday' child protective practices of Anglican clergy in the Diocese of Tasmania, Australia. Research data was acquired through open-ended qualitative interviews conducted with a sample of 34 clergy in a broader study of clerical culture, habitus and life amidst the 'church abuse crisis'...
January 8, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314261/future-osteoporotic-fracture-risk-related-to-lumbar-vertebral-trabecular-attenuation-measured-at-routine-body-ct
#9
Scott J Lee, Peter M Graffy, Ryan D Zea, Timothy J Ziemlewicz, Perry J Pickhardt
We sought to determine if vertebral trabecular attenuation values measured on routine body CT scans obtained for a variety of unrelated indications can predict future osteoporotic fractures at multiple skeletal sites. For this HIPAA-compliant and IRB-approved retrospective cohort study, trabecular attenuation of the first lumbar vertebra was measured in 1966 consecutive older adults who underwent chest and/or abdominal CT at a single institution over the course of one year. New pathologic fragility fractures that occurred after a patient's CT study date were identified through an electronic health record database query using ICD-9 codes for vertebral, hip, and extremity fractures...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306183/child-maltreatment-re-offending-in-families-served-by-the-united-states-air-force-family-advocacy-program
#10
Randy J McCarthy, Joel S Milner, Sarah L Coley, LaJuana Ormsby, Mark Oliver
The current study examined child maltreatment re-offending in United States Air Force (USAF) families. In a clinical database containing 24,999 child maltreatment incidents perpetrated by 15,042 offenders between the years 1997 and 2013, 13% of offenders maltreated a child on more than one date (i.e., they re-offended). We explored several offender demographic characteristics associated with who re-offended and found that civilians re-offended at a similar rate as active duty members, males re-offended at a similar rate as females, and younger offenders were more likely to re-offend than older offenders...
January 3, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305016/-design-and-validation-of-the-scale-for-the-detection-of-violence-in-courtship-in-young-people-in-the-sevilla-university-spain
#11
María Ángeles García-Carpintero, Javier Rodríguez-Santero, Ana María Porcel-Gálvez
OBJECTIVE: To design and validate a specific instrument to detect exercised and suffered in the relations of young couples in violence. METHOD: Descriptive study of validation clinimetric. Stratified by sex and area of knowledge, which was adopted as inclusion criteria have or have had any relationship. The sample consisted of 447 subjects. RESULTS: We obtained the Multidimensional Scale Dating Violence (EMVN), 32 items with three dimensions: physical and sexual assault, behavior control (cyberbullying, surveillance and harassment) and abuse psicoemocional (disparagement and domination), as a victim or as aggressor...
January 2, 2018: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302075/foxo1-a2m-and-tgf-%C3%AE-1-three-novel-genes-predicting-depression-in-gene-x-environment-interactions-are-identified-using-cross-species-and-cross-tissues-transcriptomic-and-mirnomic-analyses
#12
Annamaria Cattaneo, Nadia Cattane, Chiara Malpighi, Darina Czamara, Anna Suarez, Nicole Mariani, Eero Kajantie, Alessia Luoni, Johan G Eriksson, Jari Lahti, Valeria Mondelli, Paola Dazzan, Katri Räikkönen, Elisabeth B Binder, Marco A Riva, Carmine M Pariante
To date, gene-environment (GxE) interaction studies in depression have been limited to hypothesis-based candidate genes, since genome-wide (GWAS)-based GxE interaction studies would require enormous datasets with genetics, environmental, and clinical variables. We used a novel, cross-species and cross-tissues "omics" approach to identify genes predicting depression in response to stress in GxE interactions. We integrated the transcriptome and miRNome profiles from the hippocampus of adult rats exposed to prenatal stress (PNS) with transcriptome data obtained from blood mRNA of adult humans exposed to early life trauma, using a stringent statistical analyses pathway...
January 4, 2018: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294959/the-development-and-validation-of-the-child-sexual-assault-victim-credibility-scale-an-instrument-to-measure-laypersons-perceptions-of-victim-credibility
#13
Ashmyra Voogt, Bianca Klettke, Mohammadreza Mohebbi
Child sexual assault is a global health issue, with extensive implications for legal, social, clinical, and health psychology. The perceived credibility of child victims is of considerable importance in terms of the successful prosecution of such cases. However, there has been considerable inconsistency within past research regarding how best to measure credibility, and to date, there exists no broadly accepted scale for the measurement of lay perceptions of credibility of child victims. The current study evaluates a proposed Child Sexual Assault Victim Credibility Scale (CSAVCS) and includes the results of both a pilot and scale validation study...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294898/power-and-inequality-intimate-partner-violence-against-bisexual-and-non-monosexual-women-in-the-united-states
#14
Bethany M Coston
While just over one in three heterosexual women will experience intimate partner violence (IPV) in her lifetime, 61% of bisexual women and 78% of non-monosexual women will. Combining previous research and theories on power, social resources, binegativity, and gender-based violence, this article analyzes the role of power and inequality in non-monosexual women's IPV victimization. Using data from the National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey, this article first examines rates of IPV victimization for statistically significant differences between monosexual (e...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294890/childhood-trauma-trait-anxiety-and-anxious-attachment-as-predictors-of-intimate-partner-violence-in-college-students
#15
Margaret M McClure, Megan Parmenter
The current study investigates the relationship between intimate partner violence (IPV), childhood trauma, trait anxiety, depression, and anxious attachment in college students. Ninety-three male and 161 female undergraduate students at Fairfield University, ranging in age from 17 to 23, with a mean age of 18.8 years, participated. Participants completed five self-report inventories: The Conflict in Adolescent Dating Relationships Inventory (CADRI), the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ), the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), and the Adult Attachment Scale (AAS)...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294845/cyber-dating-abuse-investigating-digital-monitoring-behaviors-among-adolescents-from-a-social-learning-perspective
#16
Joris Van Ouytsel, Koen Ponnet, Michel Walrave
Just as with other forms of abuse such as bullying, dating violence is no longer limited to physical spaces. Several forms of dating violence can also be perpetrated by means of technology. Few studies have used a theoretical perspective to investigate cyber dating abuse. This study addresses this gap in the literature by focusing on the perpetration of digital monitoring behaviors-a form of cyber dating abuse-from a social learning perspective. We investigate the extent to which perceived social norms about cyber dating abuse, witnessing controlling behaviors among parents, and endorsing gender stereotypes are linked with adolescents' engagement in digital monitoring behaviors...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294787/negative-interpersonal-interactions-and-dating-abuse-perpetration-the-mediating-role-of-dispositional-forgivingness
#17
Rachel C Garthe, Brandon J Griffin, Everett L Worthington, Elizabeth A Goncy, Terri N Sullivan, Jennifer A Coleman, Don E Davis, Charlotte O Kwakye-Nuako, Thapelo Mokushane, Solomon Makola, Nkansah Anakwah
Theory and research suggest that an individual's negative interactions with his or her parents or romantic partner are associated with the perpetration of dating abuse. Research is beginning to explore the role of forgivingness within abusive romantic relationships, and these preliminary findings suggest that dispositional forgivingness might mediate the relations between negative interpersonal interactions and dating abuse. The current study assessed negative interactions with one's parents and one's romantic partner, the frequency of dating abuse perpetration, and dispositional forgivingness of others and oneself among a sample of emerging adults in college ( n = 421)...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294755/longitudinal-trajectory-of-exposure-to-psychological-interpersonal-violence
#18
Stefanie Poehacker, David Phillips, Jessica Riggs, Dean Lauterbach
Psychological intimate partner violence (P-IPV) refers to verbal abuse from one partner to another and abuse of power or control from one partner to another. To date, no studies have examined the longitudinal course of P-IPV exposure among mothers or the effect that witnessing P-IPV can have on their children. Using latent class growth analysis, the current study identified five trajectory groups with the following intercept and growth characteristics: low stable, low-increasing, moderate-decreasing, high-decreasing, and consistently elevated...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294723/child-welfare-responses-linked-to-subtypes-of-exposure-to-intimate-partner-violence-evidence-from-the-canadian-incidence-study-of-reported-child-abuse-and-neglect
#19
Andrea Gonzalez, Harriet MacMillan, Masako Tanaka, Susan M Jack, Lil Tonmyr
Children exposed to intimate partner violence (CE-IPV) are at increased risk for later health and social difficulties. To date, studies have primarily focused on CE-IPV as a unitary construct; this may lead to the mistaken assumption that all subtypes of CE-IPV (i.e., exposure to direct or indirect physical abuse, or exposure to emotional abuse) are equally harmful requiring similar responses from child welfare services. The purpose of this study was to examine child welfare responses by CE-IPV subtype in a large Canadian child welfare sample...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294662/perpetration-of-adolescent-dating-relationship-abuse-the-role-of-conditional-tolerance-for-violence-and-friendship-factors
#20
Elizabeth A Mumford, Bruce G Taylor, Peggy C Giordano
Research has pointed to the salience of friendships in predicting abuse in adolescent dating relationships. The current study investigates the perpetration of physical and sexual dating abuse as predicted by individual conditional tolerance for dating abuse within the context of friendship behaviors and group characteristics. Using two waves of the National Survey of Teen Relationships and Intimate Violence (STRiV; N = 511 daters aged 12-18 years), we investigated the effects of baseline individual tolerance for hitting dating partners and friendship factors on perpetration of physical and sexual adolescent dating abuse (ADA) approximately 1 year later...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
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