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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921610/validation-and-adaptation-of-the-danger-assessment-5-da-5-a-brief-intimate-partner-violence-risk-assessment
#1
Jill Theresa Messing, Jacquelyn C Campbell, Carolyn Snider
AIMS: To assess the predictive validity of the DA-5 with the addition of a strangulation item in evaluating the risk of an intimate partner violence (IPV) victim being nearly killed by an intimate partner. BACKGROUND: The DA-5 was developed as a short form of the Danger Assessment for use in healthcare settings, including emergency and urgent care settings. Analyzing data from a sample of IPV survivors who had called the police for domestic violence, the DA-5 was tested with and without an item on strangulation, a potentially fatal and medically damaging IPV tactic used commonly by dangerous abusers...
September 16, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921014/-legal-medicine-specialists-within-the-framework-of-acute-care-analysis-of-legal-medicine-consultations-in-relation-to-the-victims-statistics-of-the-state-office-of-criminal-investigation-in-saxony-anhalt
#2
G Pliske, S Heide, B Lucas, K Brandstädter, F Walcher, S Kropf, R Lessig, S Piatek
BACKGROUND: In acute medical care, there are patients who have been injured by the influence of others. The aim of this study was to analyze all cases which were presented to the Institute for Legal Medicine of the University Halle (Saale). The cases where analyzed in relation to the victims' statistics of the state office of criminal investigation in Saxony-Anhalt. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The consultations of the Institute for Legal Medicine Halle-Wittenberg for 2012-2015 were evaluated with regard to the age and gender distribution, the reasons for the consultation and time until the request for consultations...
September 18, 2017: Der Unfallchirurg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918233/the-role-of-callous-unemotional-traits-in-mediating-the-association-between-animal-abuse-exposure-and-behavior-problems-among-children-exposed-to-intimate-partner-violence
#3
Shelby Elaine McDonald, Julia Dmitrieva, Sunny Shin, Stephanie A Hitti, Sandra A Graham-Bermann, Frank R Ascione, James Herbert Williams
Children exposed to intimate partner violence are at increased risk for concomitant exposure to maltreatment of companion animals. There is emerging evidence that childhood exposure to maltreatment of companion animals is associated with psychopathology in childhood and adulthood. However, few studies have explored developmental factors that might help to explain pathways from animal maltreatment exposure to children's maladjustment. The present study addresses this gap in the literature by examining relations between children's exposure to animal maltreatment, callous/unemotional traits (i...
September 14, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893298/learning-from-returnee-ethiopian-migrant-domestic-workers-a-qualitative-assessment-to-reduce-the-risk-of-human-trafficking
#4
Joanna Busza, Sehin Teferra, Serawit Omer, Cathy Zimmerman
BACKGROUND: International migration has become a global political priority, with growing concern about the scale of human trafficking, hazardous work conditions, and resulting psychological and physical morbidity among migrants. Ethiopia remains a significant "source" country for female domestic workers to the Middle East and Gulf States, despite widespread reports of exploitation and abuse. Prior to introduction of a "safe migration" intervention, we conducted formative research to elicit lessons learned by women who had worked as domestic workers abroad...
September 11, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883773/emotional-profile-of-women-victims-of-domestic-violence
#5
Esmina Avdibegovic, Maja Brkic, Osman Sinanovic
INTRODUCTION: Research indicates that women victims of domestic violence show significant cognitive changes, emotional numbing, and avoidance of interpersonal relationships. AIM: The aim of this research was to analyze emotional profile of women victims of domestic violence, and to determine the relationship between dimensions of emotions and frequency of women exposure to domestic violence. METHODS: The research was conducted on the sample of 169 women, 111 were victims of domestic violence and 58 were women who did not experience domestic violence...
June 2017: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865661/methods-to-assess-adverse-childhood-experiences-of-children-and-families-toward-approaches-to-promote-child-well-being-in-policy-and-practice
#6
Christina D Bethell, Adam Carle, James Hudziak, Narangerel Gombojav, Kathleen Powers, Roy Wade, Paula Braveman
BACKGROUND: Advances in human development sciences point to tremendous possibilities to promote healthy child development and well-being across life by proactively supporting safe, stable and nurturing family relationships (SSNRs), teaching resilience, and intervening early to promote healing the trauma and stress associated with disruptions in SSNRs. Assessing potential disruptions in SSNRs, such as adverse childhood experiences (ACEs), can contribute to assessing risk for trauma and chronic and toxic stress by asking about ACEs can help with efforts to prevent and attenuate negative impacts on child development and both child and family well-being...
September 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853388/we-all-have-a-role-to-play-in-ending-domestic-abuse
#7
Amanda Burston
An RCN position statement issued this month confirms the college's ongoing commitment to supporting nurses, midwives and healthcare workers to better understand the complexities that surround domestic abuse.
August 30, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844430/child-maltreatment-screening-and-anticipatory-guidance-a%C3%A2-description-of-pediatric-nurse-practitioner-practice-behaviors
#8
Gail Hornor, Deborah Bretl, Evelyn Chapman, Pamela Herendeen, Nancy Mitchel, Barbara Mulvaney, Saribel Garcia Quinones, Brigit VanGraafeiland
INTRODUCTION: Given the number of children affected by child maltreatment and the dire consequences that can develop, prompt identification of child maltreatment is crucial. The purpose of this study was to describe pediatric nurse practitioner (PNP) practice behaviors related to screening and providing anticipatory guidance for child maltreatment and its psychosocial risk factors. METHOD: The Risk Assessment Survey was developed for this study by 12 PNPs, all of whom were members of NAPNAP's Child Maltreatment Special Interest Group to ensure face validity; all 12 PNPs were content experts in child maltreatment...
August 22, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827940/assessment-of-private-homes-as-spaces-for-the-dying-elderly
#9
Tulika Bhattacharyya, Suhita Chopra Chatterjee, Dipannita Chand, Debolina Chatterjee, Jaydeep Sengupta
AIM: This study makes an assessment of end-of-life care of the elderly in private homes in Kolkata, West Bengal, India. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: Primary data were collected from private homes which supported elder care through observation and semi-structured interviews with primary family caregivers of the elderly. RESULTS: The study finds that the major factors preventing private homes from providing adequate care to the elderly were architecturally inadequate housing conditions, paucity of financial support, and scarcity of skilled caregivers...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821514/school-staff-perpetration-of-physical-violence-against-students-in-uganda-a-multilevel-analysis-of-risk-factors
#10
Katherine G Merrill, Louise Knight, Judith R Glynn, Elizabeth Allen, Dipak Naker, Karen M Devries
OBJECTIVE: To conduct a multilevel analysis of risk factors for physical violence perpetration by school staff against Ugandan students. DESIGN: Multilevel logistic regression analysis of cross-sectional survey data from 499 staff and 828 caregivers of students at 38 primary schools, collected in 2012 and 2014 during the Good Schools Study. SETTING: Luwero District, Uganda. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Past-week use of physical violence by school staff against students was measured using the International Society for the Prevention of Child Abuse and Neglect 'Child Abuse Screening Tool- Child International' and the WHO Multi-Country Study on Women's Health and Domestic Violence against Women...
August 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816617/the-norwegian-police-and-victims-of-elder-abuse-in-close-and-familial-relationships
#11
Geir Aas
Over recent decades, domestic violence or family violence, violence against women and child abuse has received much attention in the media, in political discourse and in social research. However, abuse of older adults arouses limited interest. In government action against domestic violence and in police guidance manuals, the elderly receive little attention. The aim of this article is primarily to demonstrate how the police attempt to prevent elder abuse in close relationships, especially in parent-child relationships...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816490/evaluation-of-the-effects-of-receiving-trauma-informed-practices-on-domestic-violence-shelter-residents
#12
Cris M Sullivan, Lisa A Goodman, Tyler Virden, Jennifer Strom, Rachel Ramirez
Domestic violence is a potentially traumatizing experience that has devastating psychological and physical consequences. In response, domestic violence shelter programs have focused increasing attention on helping adult and child survivors understand and heal from this trauma. What have come to be called trauma-informed practices include (a) reflecting an understanding of trauma and its many effects on health and behavior, (b) addressing both physical and psychological safety concerns, (c) using a culturally informed strengths-based approach, (d) helping to illuminate the nature and effects of abuse on survivors' everyday experience; and (e) providing opportunities for clients to regain control over their lives...
August 17, 2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811121/emergency-department-use-in-the-perinatal-period-an-opportunity-for-early-intervention
#13
Saloni Malik, Catherine Kothari, Colleen MacCallum, Michael Liepman, Shama Tareen, Karin V Rhodes
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We characterize emergency department (ED) utilization among perinatal women and identify differences in risk factors and outcomes between women who use versus do not use the ED during the perinatal period. METHODS: This is a retrospective cross-sectional study comparing patients who used the ED versus did not use the ED during the perinatal period. Patient data were collected from medical chart review and postpartum interviews. RESULTS: Of the 678 participants, 218 (33%) had at least 1 perinatal ED visit...
August 12, 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795914/domestic-violence-and-mental-health-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-women-seeking-help-from-domestic-violence-support-services
#14
Giulia Ferrari, Roxane Agnew-Davies, Jayne Bailey, Louise Howard, Emma Howarth, Tim J Peters, Lynnmarie Sardinha, Gene Solomon Feder
Background Domestic violence and abuse (DVA) are associated with increased risk of mental illness, but we know little about the mental health of female DVA survivors seeking support from domestic violence services. Objective Our goal was to characterise the demography and mental health of women who access specialist DVA services in the United Kingdom and to investigate associations between severity of abuse and measures of mental health and health state utility, accounting for important confounders and moderators...
December 2016: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781897/a-medicolegal-study-of-domestic-violence-in-south-region-of-jordan
#15
Hasan Al-Hawari, Asmaa El-Banna
BACKGROUND: Domestic violence is a forced pattern of behavior that happened in domestic settings to gain or maintain power and control over an individual. The aim of this work is to study the magnitude of domestic violence in south region of Jordan. METHODS: The retrospective study was retrieved from the medico-legal reports of domestic violence cases referred to the Directorate of Forensic Medicine in south region of Jordan during six years period starting from 1st of January 2010 till the end of December 2015...
2017: Egyptian journal of forensic sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754340/-is-there-any-relation-between-couple-violence-and-repeated-medical-abortion
#16
A Pinton, A-C Hanser, M-A Metten, I Nisand, K Bettahar
OBJECTIVES: Risk factors of repeated induced abortion remain unclear. One of them could be domestic violence. The aim of this study was to explore the association between repeated induced abortion and domestic violence, including violence during childhood. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional questionnaire study was conducted in three hospitals in Alsace. All women between 18 and 50 years old were asked to complete an anonymous questionnaire during their hospitalization for induced abortion between 31th of November 2013 and 1st of December 2014...
July 25, 2017: Gynecologie, Obstetrique, Fertilite & Senologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752259/the-association-of-experience-of-violence-and-somatization-depression-and-alexithymia-a-sample-of-women-with-medically-unexplained-symptoms-in-turkey
#17
Dilek Anuk, Güler Bahadır
The aim of the study was to examine the relationship between the levels of somatization, depression as well as alexithymia, and MUS in women going through violence experience in three contexts (childhood, adulthood, and both childhood and adulthood). The study was performed on 180 patients attending the Internal Medicine Department of Istanbul University Medical Faculty. The data of women with MUS (n = 50) were compared those of women with acute physical conditions (n = 46) and chronic physical conditions (n = 84)...
July 27, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732307/a-multisite-audit-to-assess-how-women-with-complex-social-factors-access-and-engage-with-maternity-services
#18
Hannah Rayment-Jones, Eleanor Butler, Chelsie Miller, Christine Nay, Jennifer O'Dowd
OBJECTIVE: to audit women with socially complex lives' documented access to and engagement with antenatal care provided by three inner city, UK maternity services in relation to birth and neonatal outcomes, and referral processes. BACKGROUND: women living socially complex lives, including young mothers, recently arrived immigrants, non-English speaking, and those experiencing domestic violence, poor mental health, drug and alcohol abuse, and poverty experience high rates of morbidity, mortality and poor birth outcomes...
June 27, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724743/improving-the-healthcare-response-to-domestic-violence-and-abuse-in-sexual-health-clinics-feasibility-study-of-a-training-support-and-referral-intervention
#19
Alex Hardip Sohal, Neha Pathak, Sarah Blake, Vanessa Apea, Judith Berry, Jayne Bailey, Chris Griffiths, Gene Feder
OBJECTIVES: Sexual health and gynaecological problems are the most consistent and largest physical health differences between abused and non-abused female populations. Sexual health services are well placed to identify and support patients experiencing domestic violence and abuse (DVA). Most sexual health professionals have had minimal DVA training despite English National Institute for Health and Care Excellence recommendations. We sought to determine the feasibility of an evidence-based complex DVA training intervention in female sexual health walk-in services (IRIS ADViSE: Identification and Referral to Improve Safety whilst Assessing Domestic Violence in Sexual Health Environments)...
July 19, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723265/a-text-mining-analysis-of-the-public-s-reactions-to-the-opioid-crisis
#20
Elizabeth M Glowacki, Joseph B Glowacki, Gary B Wilcox
BACKGROUND: Opioid abuse has become an epidemic in the United States. On August 25, 2016, the former Surgeon General of the United States sent an open letter to care providers asking for their help with combatting this growing health crisis. Social media forums such as Twitter allow for open discussions among the public and up-to-date exchanges of information about timely topics such as opioids. Therefore, the goal of the current study is to identify the public's reactions to the opioid epidemic by identifying the most popular topics tweeted by users...
July 19, 2017: Substance Abuse
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