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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771745/national-institute-on-drug-abuse-international-program-improving-opioid-use-disorder-treatment-through-international-research-training
#1
Steven W Gust, Judy McCormally
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: For more than 25 years, the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) has supported research-training programs, establishing a global research network and expanding the knowledge base on substance use disorders. International research to inform approaches to opioid addiction is particularly important and relevant to the United States, where opioid misuse, addiction, and overdose constitute an emerging public health crisis. This article summarizes the NIDA International Program and illustrates its impact by reviewing recent articles about treatment approaches for opioid use disorders (OUD)...
May 15, 2018: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768992/the-effect-of-sex-and-perpetrator-victim-relationship-on-perceptions-of-domestic-homicide
#2
Linda C Karlsson, Tuulia Malén, Johanna K Kaakinen, Jan Antfolk
Previous research on how stereotypes affect perceptions of intimate partner violence and domestic homicide has found that violence committed by men is perceived as more severe and judged more harshly than violence committed by women. The present mock jury study investigated how perpetrator sex (male or female), crime type (familicide or filicide), and relatedness between perpetrator and child victims (biological or step) affect laypeople's perceptions of the appropriate consequence of the crime, the reason for the offense, responsibility of the perpetrator, the likelihood of certain background factors being present, and the risk of future violence...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739288/how-has-the-presence-of-zimbabwe-s-victim-friendly-court-and-relevant-child-protection-policy-and-legal-frameworks-affected-the-management-of-intrafamilial-child-sexual-abuse-in-zimbabwe-the-case-of-marondera-district
#3
Anthony Shuko Musiwa
The study intended to assess, based on the perceptions of Victim-Friendly Court (VFC) professionals in Marondera District in Zimbabwe, how the presence of the VFC and relevant child protection policy and legal frameworks has affected the management of Intrafamilial Child Sexual Abuse (ICSA) in Zimbabwe. Sem-istructured questionnaires were administered to 25 professionals from 13 VFC agencies in Marondera, while one-on-one semi-structured interviews were conducted with 15 key informants who included five ICSA survivors and their respective five caregivers as well as five key community child protection committee members...
June 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726311/the-romantic-relationship-experiences-of-young-adult-women-exposed-to-domestic-violence
#4
Megan L Haselschwerdt, Camille E Carlson, Kathleen Hlavaty
Guided by a review of the literature on intergenerational transmission of violence, or "the cycle of violence", and Johnson's typology of domestic violence, the current study qualitatively examined the romantic relationship experiences of 23 young adult women who were exposed to father-mother-perpetrated domestic violence (DV) during childhood and adolescence. Findings are partially consistent with the hypothesis that DV exposure is associated with an increased risk of later experiencing dating violence, such that half of the sample reported having abusive partners or relationships during high school...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717965/issues-with-choice-architecture-environmental-ethics-and-globalization
#5
Edward Sankowski
Cass R. Sunstein's book The Ethics of Influence appears to have three ideological features notable for purposes of this essay. The book emphasizes choice architecture (and related notions such as nudges and defaults), which should be ethically scrutinized to guard against ethical abuses and to assist us in ethically desirable uses of scientific psychology and behavioral economics. (1) This particular book focuses more on scrutinizing nation-state government than on corporate activities. (2) This book focuses more on domestically directed governmental action than on externally directed governmental action...
2018: Politics and the Life Sciences: the Journal of the Association for Politics and the Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708013/factors-influencing-the-prevalence-of-animal-cruelty-during-adolescence
#6
M Connor, C Currie, A B Lawrence
Adolescents' interactions with animals are of increasing interest and their beneficial developmental outcomes are well known. However, negative interactions such as perpetrating cruelty toward animals during childhood and adolescence have been related with child abuse, domestic violence, and later interpersonal violence. Cruelty toward animals by adolescents has been reported predominately in criminal and clinical samples, and links have been made between animal cruelty and interpersonal violence. However, studies often lack a clear definition of animal cruelty and the animal involved...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683079/the-link-between-domestic-violence-and-abuse-and-animal-cruelty-in-the-intimate-relationships-of-people-of-diverse-genders-and-or-sexualities-a-binational-study
#7
Damien W Riggs, Nik Taylor, Heather Fraser, Catherine Donovan, Tania Signal
Over the past three decades, a growing body of research has focused on experiences of domestic violence and abuse (DVA) among people of diverse genders and/or sexualities. Missing, however, has been a focus on what is known as "the link" between DVA and animal cruelty with regard to people of diverse genders and/or sexualities. The present article reports on a study of 503 people living in either Australia or the United Kingdom, who reported on both their intimate human relationships and their relationships with animals, including relationships that were abusive...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661761/ministers-seek-to-stop-gps-charging-victims-of-domestic-abuse-for-information
#8
Gareth Iacobucci
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 16, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609677/relationships-between-shame-restrictiveness-authoritativeness-and-coercive-control-in-men-mandated-to-a-domestic-violence-offenders-program
#9
Hannah Kaplenko, Jennifer E Loveland, Chitra Raghavan
Coercive control, a key element of intimate partner violence (IPV), is defined as an abuse dynamic that intends to strip the target of autonomy and liberty. While coercive control is gaining popularity in the research world, little is known about its correlates and causes. This study sought to examine how shame and men's need for dominance, measured by two trait indexes of dominance, restrictiveness and the need for authority, influence coercive control. The present study used a diverse sample of men (n = 134) who were mandated to attend a domestic violence offenders program...
April 1, 2018: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602535/wastewater-based-epidemiology-generated-forensic-information-amphetamine-synthesis-waste-and-its-impact-on-a-small-sewage-treatment-plant
#10
Erik Emke, Dennis Vughs, Annemieke Kolkman, Pim de Voogt
Chemical analysis of domestic wastewater can reveal the presence of illicit drugs either consumed by a population or directly discharged into the sewer system. In the search for causes of a recent malfunctioning of a small domestic wastewater treatment plant aberrantly high loads of amphetamine were observed in the influent of the plant. Direct discharges of chemical waste from illegal production sites were suspected to be the cause. Illegal manufacturing of amphetamines creates substantial amounts of chemical waste...
March 19, 2018: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600770/antimicrobial-resistance-a-one-health-perspective
#11
Scott A McEwen, Peter J Collignon
One Health is the collaborative effort of multiple health science professions to attain optimal health for people, domestic animals, wildlife, plants, and our environment. The drivers of antimicrobial resistance include antimicrobial use and abuse in human, animal, and environmental sectors and the spread of resistant bacteria and resistance determinants within and between these sectors and around the globe. Most of the classes of antimicrobials used to treat bacterial infections in humans are also used in animals...
March 2018: Microbiology Spectrum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596442/association-of-adverse-childhood-experiences-and-health-risk-behaviors-among-young-adults-visiting-a-regional-primary-healthcare-center-federation-of-bosnia-and-herzegovina
#12
Sanjin Musa, Corrine Peek-Asa, Nina Jovanović, Edin Selimović
BACKGROUND: Many studies have linked adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) to long-term health outcomes, as well as health risk behaviors. In the post-war period in Bosnia and Herzegovina, many young people grew up in an environment of deteriorated living standards due to high unemployment and economic insecurity. The objectives of the study were to: 1) describe the health risk behaviors of young adults accessing primary healthcare; and 2) examine associations of these risk factors with adverse childhood experiences in this context...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594369/maternal-adverse-childhood-experiences-and-antepartum-risks-the-moderating-role-of-social-support
#13
Nicole Racine, Sheri Madigan, Andre Plamondon, Erin Hetherington, Sheila McDonald, Suzanne Tough
The aims of the current study were to examine the association between maternal adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and antepartum health risks, and to investigate whether social support moderated this association. It was hypothesized that ACEs would be associated with antepartum health risks; however, social support in the prenatal period would buffer mothers from the deleterious consequences of ACEs. Data from 1994 women (mean age = 31 years) and their infants were collected from a longitudinal cohort recruited in health care offices in Alberta, Canada...
March 28, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593619/psychological-impact-of-stalking-on-male-and-female-health-care-professional-victims-of-stalking-and-domestic-violence
#14
Daniela Acquadro Maran, Antonella Varetto
The aim of this work was to investigate stalking experiences in a sample of Health Care Professionals, or HCPs, who experienced domestic violence in their previous relationships with an intimate romantic or non-romantic who had become their stalkers. A comparison between males and females was made to highlight the differences among the genders. The findings showed that, for the most part, the victims experienced stalking by a stalker that was not of the same gender. Moreover, the nature of the relationship was romantic, for the most part, for both female and male subjects, suggesting that the principal motivation of stalking is the disruption of an intimate relationship...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589793/young-africans-social-representations-of-sexual-abuse-of-power-in-their-hiv-related-creative-narratives-2005-2014-cultural-scripts-and-applied-possibilities
#15
Robyn Singleton, Kate Winskell, Haley McLeod, Amy Gregg, Gaëlle Sabben, Chris Obong'o, Fatim Dia
The sexual abuse of power is a form of sexual coercion in which individuals - typically male - use their positions of authority to obtain sex. We analysed social representations of sexual abuse of power in a sample of 1,446 narratives about HIV written by young Africans between 2005 and 2014. The narratives were prepared at five different points in time (2005, 2008, 2011, 2013 and 2014) by authors aged 10-24 in urban and rural areas of Swaziland, Kenya, South-East Nigeria, Burkina Faso and Senegal. We combined three analytical approaches: descriptive statistics of quantifiable characteristics of the narratives, thematic data analysis and a narrative-based approach...
March 28, 2018: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588816/designing-and-psychoanalysis-a-comprehensive-questionnaire-on-coping-with-domestic-violence-against-women-in-iranian-society
#16
Zeinab Mohhamadian, Jamileh Mohtashami, Camelia Rohani, Tayebeh Jamshidi
Background: Domestic violence is the third sociopathology after addiction and child abuse in Iran. Fifty-six percent of Iranian women in the range of 17-32 years old are exposed to the highest domestic violence. Objective: The aim of this study was to design and psychoanalyze a comprehensive questionnaire on coping with domestic violence against women in Iranian society. Methods: This study was carried out on a random sample of women exposed to domestic violence and referred to the health and care center of Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences in Tehran, and Forensic Medical Centers in Urmia city (Iran), in 2017...
January 2018: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587598/economic-abuse-as-an-invisible-form-of-domestic-violence-a-multicountry-review
#17
Judy L Postmus, Gretchen L Hoge, Jan Breckenridge, Nicola Sharp-Jeffs, Donna Chung
The predominant perception of intimate partner violence (IPV) as constituting physical violence can still dominate, particularly in research and media reports, despite research documenting multiple forms of IPV including sexual violence occurring between intimate partners and various forms of psychological and emotional abuse. One frequently hidden or "invisible" form of abuse perpetrated within intimate partner relationships is economic abuse, also referred to as financial abuse in much of the literature...
January 1, 2018: Trauma, Violence & Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574733/commentary-understanding-the-impact-of-domestic-violence-on-children-recognizing-strengths-and-promoting-resilience-reflections-on-harold-and-sellers-2018
#18
Joy D Osofsky
Violence and abuse in families occurs frequently with significant impact on children of all ages. However, this type of interpersonal violence is often the least disclosed or discussed. Therefore, the Harold and Sellers paper is important to bring attention to the broad range of both behavioral and neuroscience research in this area and the clinical implications for children and adolescents including risk for later psychopathology. The commentary also expands an understanding of the impact and outcomes for very young children exposed to domestic violence...
April 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563307/preventing-and-treating-trauma-building-resiliency-the-movement-toward-compassionate-schools-in-watauga-county-north-carolina
#19
Denise Presnell
Trauma affects the brain in many ways, including impairing one's ability to learn, creating psychological and emotional issues, and contributing to poorer health outcomes. This is not only true for children but for adults as well, contributing to social issues such as erratic job performance, increase in homelessness rates, addiction rates, and higher rates of domestic violence and child abuse. We must be more effective at preventing and treating trauma and promoting resiliency in order to make the members of our societies as safe and productive as they can be...
March 2018: North Carolina Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562817/traumatic-experiences-and-ptsd-symptoms-in-the-chinese-male-intrafamilial-physical-violence-perpetrators-a-comparative-and-structural-equation-modeling-study
#20
Na Liu, Yuping Cao, Huifen Qiao, Hui Ma, Jijun Li, Xingguang Luo, Chiang-Shan Ray Li, Yalin Zhang, Ning Zhang
We aimed to compare traumatic experiences among the groups of perpetrators with or without violent pedigree, and establish a structural model of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms as mediators of traumatic experiences and severe intrafamilial physical violence among Chinese male perpetrators. A cross-sectional survey and a face-to-face interview were conducted to examine intimate partner violence (IPV) perpetration and violent pedigree, childhood maltreatment, other traumatic events, PTSD symptoms, and severe intrafamilial physical violence in a community sample of 229 abusive men and 303 controlled men in China...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
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