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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092738/hearing-children-s-voices-including-children-s-perspectives-on-their-experiences-of-domestic-violence-in-welfare-reports-prepared-for-the-english-courts-in-private-family-law-proceedings
#1
Gillian S Macdonald
This research examined Children and Family Court Advisory and Support Service (Cafcass) reports prepared for private family court proceedings in domestic violence cases in England. The research found that in cases where children's accounts identified them as victims of violence, these disclosures regularly disappeared from report recommendations. Particular discourses regarding 'child welfare' and 'contact' were identified, which routinely impacted on the ways in which children's voices were taken into account...
January 13, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078976/beyond-purity
#2
Roger Giner-Sorolla, Hanah A Chapman
Previous studies support a link between moral disgust and impurity, whereas anger is linked to harm. We challenged these strict correspondences by showing that disgust is activated in response to information about moral character, even for harm violations. By contrast, anger is activated in response to information about actions, including their moral wrongness and consequences. Study 1 examined disgust and anger in response to an action that suggests bad moral character (animal cruelty) versus an action that is seen as inherently more wrong (domestic abuse)...
January 2017: Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072474/abused-women-s-experiences-of-a-primary-care-identification-and-referral-intervention-a-case-study-analysis
#3
Caroline Bradbury-Jones, Maria Clark, Julie Taylor
AIMS: To report the findings of a qualitative case study that investigated abused women's experiences of an identification and referral intervention and to discuss the implications for nurses, specifically those working in primary and community care. BACKGROUND: Domestic violence and abuse is a significant public health issue globally but it is a hidden problem that is under-reported. In the UK, Identification and Referral to Improve Safety is a primary care-based intervention that has been found to increase referral rates of abused women to support and safety services...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043518/tuberculosis-in-vulnerable-populations-in-eastern-mediterranean-region-implications-for-control
#4
Sadia Shakoor, Rumina Hasan
AIMS & OBJECTIVES: Socially and economically disadvantaged or "vulnerable" people are at high risk of tuberculosis (TB) and also contribute to active chains of TB transmission. Included in such vulnerable populations are children, women, prisoners, people living with human immunodeficiency virus, the homeless, and displaced people. The ongoing active transmission of TB among such populations is made more difficult to assess and control by difficult access, health inequities, poverty, and other chronic and debilitating health conditions at individual, domestic, and community levels...
December 2016: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029719/domestic-violence-and-abuse-screening-in-emergency-department-a-rapid-review-of-the-literature
#5
REVIEW
Irfan Ahmad, Parveen Azam Ali, Salma Rehman, Ashfaque Talpur, Katie Dhingrra
AIM: The aim of the review was to identify intimate partner violence screening interventions used in emergency departments (ED) and to explore factors affecting intimate partner violence screening in EDs. BACKGROUND: Intimate partner violence against women is now clearly recognised as a global health and societal issue. Nurses working in emergency and urgent care settings can play a crucial role in identification, prevention and management of intimate partner violence Research exploring optimal methods of IPV screening and factors affecting intimate partner violence screening in EDs is relatively limited...
December 28, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027464/risk-factors-for-child-maltreatment-in-an-australian-population-based-birth-cohort
#6
James C Doidge, Daryl J Higgins, Paul Delfabbro, Leonie Segal
Child maltreatment and other adverse childhood experiences adversely influence population health and socioeconomic outcomes. Knowledge of the risk factors for child maltreatment can be used to identify children at risk and may represent opportunities for prevention. We examined a range of possible child, parent and family risk factors for child maltreatment in a prospective 27-year population-based birth cohort of 2443 Australians. Physical abuse, sexual abuse, emotional abuse, neglect and witnessing of domestic violence were recorded retrospectively in early adulthood...
December 25, 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024303/depression-in-women-with-recurrent-miscarriages-an-exploratory-study
#7
Ariel Cesar de Carvalho, Michele Eugênio da Silva, Bárbara Magueta Matos, Cassio Machado de Campos Bottino, Anelise Riedel Abrahão, Frederico Molina Cohrs, Sara Mota Borges Bottino
Objective To assess depression, domestic violence and the use of substances in women with recurrent miscarriages. Methods The Abuse Assessment Screen (AAS), the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) and the Alcohol, Smoking and Substance Involvement Screening Test (ASSIST) were used to assess violence, depression and the use of substances among women with recurrent miscarriages. The population corresponded to patients receiving prenatal care from June to August 2014. Multiple logistic regression was used to assess the multivariable relationship between depression and sociodemographic, psychosocial and medical characteristics (p < 0,10)...
December 26, 2016: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924620/the-frequency-of-ptsd-and-subthreshold-ptsd-among-african-american-women-with-depressive-symptoms-in-a-disadvantaged-urban-neighborhood-pilot-study
#8
Sunghyun Hong, Inger Burnett-Zeigler
Racial/ethnic minority women in a disadvantaged urban neighborhood may experience a high rate of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression. This brief report examined the frequency of a PTSD diagnosis and subthreshold PTSD among 72 female participants with depressive symptoms in a mindfulness-based intervention for depression at an urban federally qualified health center (FQHC). The MINI International Neuropsychiatric Interview was used to assess PTSD diagnosis or subthreshold PTSD, and the Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology-Self-Report (IDS-SR) was used to assess depressive symptoms...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923313/d-a-s-h
#9
(no author information available yet)
This simple-to-use app provides advice on domestic abuse, child exploitation, hate crime, mental health, restorative justice and bereavement.
December 7, 2016: Emergency Nurse: the Journal of the RCN Accident and Emergency Nursing Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923305/all-hospitals-need-specialists-to-identify-victims-of-abuse
#10
Flavia Munn
Introducing specialist domestic abuse advisers in hospitals would help nurses support victims, a charity says. It could also help healthcare staff affected by domestic abuse.
December 7, 2016: Emergency Nurse: the Journal of the RCN Accident and Emergency Nursing Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896986/network-map-of-adverse-health-effects-among-victims-of-intimate-partner-violence
#11
Kathleen Whiting, Larry Y Liu, Mehmet Koyutürk, Günnur Karakurt
Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a serious problem with devastating health consequences. Screening procedures may overlook relationships between IPV and negative health effects. To identify IPV-associated women's health issues, we mined national, aggregated de-identified electronic health record data and compared female health issues of domestic abuse (DA) versus non-DA records, identifying terms significantly more frequent for the DA group. After coding these terms into 28 broad categories, we developed a network map to determine strength of relationships between categories in the context of DA, finding that acute conditions are strongly connected to cardiovascular, gastrointestinal, gynecological, and neurological conditions among victims...
2016: Pacific Symposium on Biocomputing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892240/domestic-violence-advisers-should-be-introduced-at-every-hospital-says-charity
#12
(no author information available yet)
Introducing specialist domestic abuse advisers in hospitals would help nurses provide better support to victims, a charity says.
November 23, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892210/domestic-abuse-what-you-need-to-know
#13
Carmel Bagness, Helen Donovan
Despite increased recognition of domestic abuse in recent years, it often remains hidden. While some healthcare professionals are aware of abuse and have a good understanding of the difficulties in addressing the needs of those affected, this is not always the case.
November 23, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889563/parent-and-peer-pathways-linking-childhood-experiences-of-abuse-with-marijuana-use-in-adolescence-and-adulthood
#14
W Alex Mason, M Jean Russo, Mary B Chmelka, Roy C Herrenkohl, Todd I Herrenkohl
INTRODUCTION: The social developmental processes by which child maltreatment increases risk for marijuana use are understudied. This study examined hypothesized parent and peer pathways linking preschool abuse and sexual abuse with adolescent and adult marijuana use. METHODS: Analyses used data from the Lehigh Longitudinal Study. Measures included child abuse (physical abuse, emotional abuse, domestic violence, and neglect) in preschool, sexual abuse up to age 18, adolescent (average age=18years) parental attachment and peer marijuana approval/use, as well as adolescent and adult (average age=36years) marijuana use...
March 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884953/postpartum-domestic-violence-in-homes-with-young-children-the-role-of-maternal-and-paternal-drinking
#15
Elizabeth A Mumford, Weiwei Liu, Hannah Joseph
There has been limited investigation of mothers' drinking patterns and their experience of domestic abuse while parenting young children, especially in the context of co-resident fathers' drinking. Using data representative of the 2001 U.S. birth cohort, the authors conducted longitudinal latent class analyses of maternal drinking over four perinatal time points as predictors of maternal victimization at 2 years postpartum due to intimate partner violence. Women classified as higher risk drinkers over the study period faced significantly increased risk of physical abuse while parenting a 2-year-old child...
November 23, 2016: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884508/adverse-childhood-experiences-and-behavioral-problems-in-middle-childhood
#16
Tenah K A Hunt, Kristen S Slack, Lawrence M Berger
Children who have been exposed to maltreatment and other adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are at increased risk for various negative adult health outcomes, including cancer, liver disease, substance abuse, and depression. However, the proximal associations between ACEs and behavioral outcomes during the middle childhood years have been understudied. In addition, many of the ACE studies contain methodological limitations such as reliance on retrospective reports and limited generalizability to populations of lower socioeconomic advantage...
November 21, 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881163/assessing-the-feasibility-of-a-web-based-domestic-violence-intervention-using-chronic-disease-frameworks-reducing-the-burden-of-treatment-and-promoting-capacity-for-action-in-women-abused-by-a-partner
#17
Laura Tarzia, Carl May, Kelsey Hegarty
BACKGROUND: Domestic violence shares many features with chronic disease, including ongoing physical and mental health problems and eroded self-efficacy. Given the challenges around help-seeking for women experiencing domestic violence, it is essential that they be given support to 'self-manage' their condition. The growing popularity of web-based applications for chronic disease self-management suggests that there may be opportunities to use them as an intervention strategy for women experiencing domestic violence, however, as yet, little is known about whether this might work in practice...
November 24, 2016: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872405/when-wife-beating-is-not-necessarily-abuse-a-feminist-and-cross-cultural-analysis-of-the-concept-of-abuse-as-expressed-by-tibetan-survivors-of-domestic-violence
#18
Hamsa Rajan
This article describes the views of Tibetan women who have experienced physical violence from male intimate partners. How they conceptualise abuse, their views on acceptable versus unacceptable hitting, and the acts besides hitting which they felt to be unacceptable or abusive, are explored. Views of survivors' relatives/friends and men who have hit their wives are also included. Western-based domestic violence theory is shown to be incommensurate with abuse in particular socio-cultural settings. As feminist scholars emphasize listening deeply to voices of women in the global South, this article demonstrates how such listening might be undertaken when the views expressed by women diverge from feminism...
November 20, 2016: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869965/-new-century-new-challenges-changes-in-the-burden-of-disease-profile-in-brazil-1990-2010
#19
Fatima Marinho, Valéria Maria de Azeredo Passos, Elisabeth Barboza França
OBJECTIVE: to describe the burden of disease in Brazil from 1990 to 2010. METHODS: analysis of the estimates of the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010 - Years of Life Lost due to premature mortality (YLL), Years Lost due to Disability (YLD), Disability-Adjusted Life Year (DALY=YLL+YLD) and risk factors. RESULTS: there was a decrease in deaths due to diarrhea and an increase in deaths due to diabetes and kidney disease, whilst deaths due to homicides and traffic accidents remained stable; cardiovascular diseases continued to be the leading cause of death despite a 30% reduction; the largest increases in DALY were due to diabetes and musculoskeletal diseases in women and alcohol abuse and low back pain in men; the main risk factors were poor diet and high blood pressure; smoking, domestic pollution and insufficient breastfeeding were found to have reduced...
October 2016: Epidemiologia e Servicos de Saude: Revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867244/community-based-organisations-for-vulnerable-children-in-south-africa-reach-psychosocial-correlates-and-potential-mechanisms
#20
A R Yakubovich, L Sherr, L D Cluver, S Skeen, I S Hensels, A Macedo, M Tomlinson
Community-based organisations (CBOs) have the potential to provide high quality services for orphaned and vulnerable children in resource-limited settings. However, evidence is lacking as to whether CBOs are reaching those who are most vulnerable, whether attending these organisations is associated with greater psychosocial wellbeing, and how they might work. This study addressed these three questions using cross-sectional data from 1848 South African children aged 9-13. Data were obtained from the Young Carers and Child Community Care studies, which both investigated child wellbeing in South Africa using standardised self-report measures...
March 2016: Children and Youth Services Review
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