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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924620/the-frequency-of-ptsd-and-subthreshold-ptsd-among-african-american-women-with-depressive-symptoms-in-a-disadvantaged-urban-neighborhood-pilot-study
#1
Sunghyun Hong, Inger Burnett-Zeigler
Racial/ethnic minority women in a disadvantaged urban neighborhood may experience a high rate of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression. This brief report examined the frequency of a PTSD diagnosis and subthreshold PTSD among 72 female participants with depressive symptoms in a mindfulness-based intervention for depression at an urban federally qualified health center (FQHC). The MINI International Neuropsychiatric Interview was used to assess PTSD diagnosis or subthreshold PTSD, and the Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology-Self-Report (IDS-SR) was used to assess depressive symptoms...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923313/d-a-s-h
#2
(no author information available yet)
This simple-to-use app provides advice on domestic abuse, child exploitation, hate crime, mental health, restorative justice and bereavement.
December 7, 2016: Emergency Nurse: the Journal of the RCN Accident and Emergency Nursing Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923305/all-hospitals-need-specialists-to-identify-victims-of-abuse
#3
Flavia Munn
Introducing specialist domestic abuse advisers in hospitals would help nurses support victims, a charity says. It could also help healthcare staff affected by domestic abuse.
December 7, 2016: Emergency Nurse: the Journal of the RCN Accident and Emergency Nursing Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896986/network-map-of-adverse-health-effects-among-victims-of-intimate-partner-violence
#4
Kathleen Whiting, Larry Y Liu, Mehmet Koyutürk, Günnur Karakurt
Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a serious problem with devastating health consequences. Screening procedures may overlook relationships between IPV and negative health effects. To identify IPV-associated women's health issues, we mined national, aggregated de-identified electronic health record data and compared female health issues of domestic abuse (DA) versus non-DA records, identifying terms significantly more frequent for the DA group. After coding these terms into 28 broad categories, we developed a network map to determine strength of relationships between categories in the context of DA, finding that acute conditions are strongly connected to cardiovascular, gastrointestinal, gynecological, and neurological conditions among victims...
2016: Pacific Symposium on Biocomputing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892240/domestic-violence-advisers-should-be-introduced-at-every-hospital-says-charity
#5
(no author information available yet)
Introducing specialist domestic abuse advisers in hospitals would help nurses provide better support to victims, a charity says.
November 23, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892210/domestic-abuse-what-you-need-to-know
#6
Carmel Bagness, Helen Donovan
Despite increased recognition of domestic abuse in recent years, it often remains hidden. While some healthcare professionals are aware of abuse and have a good understanding of the difficulties in addressing the needs of those affected, this is not always the case.
November 23, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889563/parent-and-peer-pathways-linking-childhood-experiences-of-abuse-with-marijuana-use-in-adolescence-and-adulthood
#7
W Alex Mason, M Jean Russo, Mary B Chmelka, Roy C Herrenkohl, Todd I Herrenkohl
INTRODUCTION: The social developmental processes by which child maltreatment increases risk for marijuana use are understudied. This study examined hypothesized parent and peer pathways linking preschool abuse and sexual abuse with adolescent and adult marijuana use. METHODS: Analyses used data from the Lehigh Longitudinal Study. Measures included child abuse (physical abuse, emotional abuse, domestic violence, and neglect) in preschool, sexual abuse up to age 18, adolescent (average age=18years) parental attachment and peer marijuana approval/use, as well as adolescent and adult (average age=36years) marijuana use...
November 17, 2016: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884953/postpartum-domestic-violence-in-homes-with-young-children-the-role-of-maternal-and-paternal-drinking
#8
Elizabeth A Mumford, Weiwei Liu, Hannah Joseph
There has been limited investigation of mothers' drinking patterns and their experience of domestic abuse while parenting young children, especially in the context of co-resident fathers' drinking. Using data representative of the 2001 U.S. birth cohort, the authors conducted longitudinal latent class analyses of maternal drinking over four perinatal time points as predictors of maternal victimization at 2 years postpartum due to intimate partner violence. Women classified as higher risk drinkers over the study period faced significantly increased risk of physical abuse while parenting a 2-year-old child...
November 23, 2016: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884508/adverse-childhood-experiences-and-behavioral-problems-in-middle-childhood
#9
Tenah K A Hunt, Kristen S Slack, Lawrence M Berger
Children who have been exposed to maltreatment and other adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are at increased risk for various negative adult health outcomes, including cancer, liver disease, substance abuse, and depression. However, the proximal associations between ACEs and behavioral outcomes during the middle childhood years have been understudied. In addition, many of the ACE studies contain methodological limitations such as reliance on retrospective reports and limited generalizability to populations of lower socioeconomic advantage...
November 21, 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881163/assessing-the-feasibility-of-a-web-based-domestic-violence-intervention-using-chronic-disease-frameworks-reducing-the-burden-of-treatment-and-promoting-capacity-for-action-in-women-abused-by-a-partner
#10
Laura Tarzia, Carl May, Kelsey Hegarty
BACKGROUND: Domestic violence shares many features with chronic disease, including ongoing physical and mental health problems and eroded self-efficacy. Given the challenges around help-seeking for women experiencing domestic violence, it is essential that they be given support to 'self-manage' their condition. The growing popularity of web-based applications for chronic disease self-management suggests that there may be opportunities to use them as an intervention strategy for women experiencing domestic violence, however, as yet, little is known about whether this might work in practice...
November 24, 2016: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872405/when-wife-beating-is-not-necessarily-abuse-a-feminist-and-cross-cultural-analysis-of-the-concept-of-abuse-as-expressed-by-tibetan-survivors-of-domestic-violence
#11
Hamsa Rajan
This article describes the views of Tibetan women who have experienced physical violence from male intimate partners. How they conceptualise abuse, their views on acceptable versus unacceptable hitting, and the acts besides hitting which they felt to be unacceptable or abusive, are explored. Views of survivors' relatives/friends and men who have hit their wives are also included. Western-based domestic violence theory is shown to be incommensurate with abuse in particular socio-cultural settings. As feminist scholars emphasize listening deeply to voices of women in the global South, this article demonstrates how such listening might be undertaken when the views expressed by women diverge from feminism...
November 20, 2016: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869965/-new-century-new-challenges-changes-in-the-burden-of-disease-profile-in-brazil-1990-2010
#12
Fatima Marinho, Valéria Maria de Azeredo Passos, Elisabeth Barboza França
OBJECTIVE: to describe the burden of disease in Brazil from 1990 to 2010. METHODS: analysis of the estimates of the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010 - Years of Life Lost due to premature mortality (YLL), Years Lost due to Disability (YLD), Disability-Adjusted Life Year (DALY=YLL+YLD) and risk factors. RESULTS: there was a decrease in deaths due to diarrhea and an increase in deaths due to diabetes and kidney disease, whilst deaths due to homicides and traffic accidents remained stable; cardiovascular diseases continued to be the leading cause of death despite a 30% reduction; the largest increases in DALY were due to diabetes and musculoskeletal diseases in women and alcohol abuse and low back pain in men; the main risk factors were poor diet and high blood pressure; smoking, domestic pollution and insufficient breastfeeding were found to have reduced...
October 2016: Epidemiologia e Servicos de Saude: Revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867244/community-based-organisations-for-vulnerable-children-in-south-africa-reach-psychosocial-correlates-and-potential-mechanisms
#13
A R Yakubovich, L Sherr, L D Cluver, S Skeen, I S Hensels, A Macedo, M Tomlinson
Community-based organisations (CBOs) have the potential to provide high quality services for orphaned and vulnerable children in resource-limited settings. However, evidence is lacking as to whether CBOs are reaching those who are most vulnerable, whether attending these organisations is associated with greater psychosocial wellbeing, and how they might work. This study addressed these three questions using cross-sectional data from 1848 South African children aged 9-13. Data were obtained from the Young Carers and Child Community Care studies, which both investigated child wellbeing in South Africa using standardised self-report measures...
March 2016: Children and Youth Services Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856405/infusing-technology-into-perinatal-home-visitation-in-the-united-states-for-women-experiencing-intimate-partner-violence-exploring-the-interpretive-flexibility-of-an-mhealth-intervention
#14
Loraine J Bacchus, Linda Bullock, Phyllis Sharps, Camille Burnett, Donna L Schminkey, Ana Maria Buller, Jacquelyn Campbell
BACKGROUND: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is common during pregnancy and the postpartum. Perinatal home visitation provides favorable conditions in which to identify and support women affected by IPV. However, the use of mHealth for delivering IPV interventions in perinatal home visiting has not been explored. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to conduct a nested qualitative interpretive study to explore perinatal home visitors' and women's perceptions and experiences of the Domestic Violence Enhanced Home Visitation Program (DOVE) using mHealth technology (ie, a computer tablet) or a home visitor-administered, paper-based method...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856393/violence-against-women-and-mental-health
#15
REVIEW
Sian Oram, Hind Khalifeh, Louise M Howard
Violence against women is widely recognised as a violation of human rights and a public health problem. In this Series paper, we argue that violence against women is also a prominent public mental health problem, and that mental health professionals should be identifying, preventing, and responding to violence against women more effectively. The most common forms of violence against women are domestic abuse and sexual violence, and victimisation is associated with an increased risk of mental disorder. Despite clinical guidance on the role of mental health professionals in identifying violence against women and responding appropriately, poor identification persists and can lead to non-engagement with services and poor response to treatment...
November 11, 2016: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851797/a-qualitative-exploration-of-the-mental-health-and-psychosocial-contexts-of-hiv-positive-adolescents-in-tanzania
#16
Megan K Ramaiya, Kristen A Sullivan, Karen O' Donnell, Coleen K Cunningham, Aisa M Shayo, Blandina T Mmbaga, Dorothy E Dow
Although 85% of HIV-positive adolescents reside in sub-Saharan Africa, little is known about the psychosocial and mental health factors affecting their daily well-being. Identifying these contextual variables is key to development of culturally appropriate and effective interventions for this understudied and high-risk population. The purpose of this study was to identify salient psychosocial and mental health challenges confronted by HIV-positive youth in a resource-poor Tanzanian setting. A total of 24 qualitative interviews were conducted with a convenience sample of adolescents aged 12-24 receiving outpatient HIV care at a medical center in Moshi, Tanzania...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846452/patterns-of-abuse-amongst-sri-lankan-women-returning-home-after-working-as-domestic-maids-in-the-middle-east-an-exploratory-study-of-medico-legal-referrals
#17
Kolitha Wickramage, Malintha De Silva, Sharika Peiris
OBJECTIVE: Migrant worker abuse is well recognised, but poorly characterised within the scientific literature. This study aimed to explore patterns of abuse amongst Sri Lankan women returning home after working as domestic maids. METHODS: Sri Lanka has over 2 million of its citizens employed overseas as international labor migrants. A cross-sectional study was conducted on Sri Lankan female domestic maids returning from the Middle East region who were referred for medico-legal opinion...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844200/-education-within-the-dutch-national-care-for-the-elderly-programme
#18
Barth Oeseburg, Jos Schols, Marcel Olde Rikkert, Henriëtte van der Horst, Dini Smilde-van den Doel, Sophia de Rooij, Bianca Buurman-van Es, Marieke Schuurmans, Jacobijn Gussekloo
The Netherlands Organisation of Health Research and Development started in 2008 the Dutch National Care for the Elderly Programme (in Dutch abbreviated as NPO) with the aim to improve the quality of life for the frail older people through better quality of care (health, social, community) which is tailored to the needs and wants of older people. The delivery of good care is related with competent professional behaviour which is inextricably linked to the education of professionals. This article presents an overview of 32 educational programmes developed within the NPO...
December 2016: Tijdschrift Voor Gerontologie en Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835836/recommendations-for-teaching-upon-sensitive-topics-in-forensic-and-legal-medicine-in-the-context-of-medical-education-pedagogy
#19
Kieran M Kennedy, Stacey Scriver
Undergraduate medical curricula typically include forensic and legal medicine topics that are of a highly sensitive nature. Examples include suicide, child abuse, domestic and sexual violence. It is likely that some students will have direct or indirect experience of these issues which are prevalent in society. Those students are vulnerable to vicarious harm from partaking in their medical education. Even students with no direct or indirect experience of these issues may be vulnerable to vicarious trauma, particularly students who are especially empathetic to cases presented...
November 2, 2016: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830607/identifying-domestic-abuse
#20
Kelly Robson
I spent my final year of nurse training on a management placement in a large emergency department (ED) because I had decided to base my dissertation on a review of literature about the difficulty nurses had identifying domestic abuse.
November 10, 2016: Emergency Nurse: the Journal of the RCN Accident and Emergency Nursing Association
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