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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521252/trauma-type-as-a-conditional-risk-factor-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-a-referred-clinic-sample-of-adolescents
#1
Jani Nöthling, Candice Simmons, Sharain Suliman, Soraya Seedat
INTRODUCTION: Traumatic experiences that are varied in type and severity may lead to the development of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). Some trauma types present a higher conditional risk for PTSD owing to their nature and impact on growth and functioning. Few studies have investigated the conditional risk of PTSD in clinic referred adolescents in low- and middle-income countries. The aim of the study was to determine the conditional risk for PTSD based on various trauma types (car accidents, other serious accidents, fires, witnessing a natural disaster, witnessing a violent crime, being confronted with traumatic news, witnessing domestic violence, physical abuse and sexual abuse) and to stratify risk by gender...
May 5, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516850/are-men-with-a-history-of-head-injury-less-responsive-to-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-intimate-partner-violence
#2
Felicia A Akerele, Christopher M Murphy, Megan R Williams
Head injury is highly prevalent among intimate partner violence (IPV) offenders. This study investigates responsivenessto cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for partnerviolent men with and without a history of head injury using archival data on 310 males seeking IPV counseling at a community domestic violence agency. Participants reported on their history of head injury, age at injury, and length of time unconscious in a structured interview at program intake. Criminal justice outcomes were assessed for the 2-year period after scheduled completion of treatment using a publicly available state database...
May 17, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503060/feasibility-and-effectiveness-of-parent-child-interaction-therapy-with-victims-of-domestic-violence-a-pilot-study
#3
Amy D Herschell, Ashley B Scudder, Kristen F Schaffner, Leslie A Slagel
Parent-Child Interaction Therapy (PCIT) is an evidence-based treatment for young children (aged 2.5 to 7 years) with externalizing behavior problems. Since its development, PCIT has been applied to a wide array of childhood problems and has a significant evidence base for families with histories of child physical abuse. The current study extended the existing literature by testing the effectiveness and feasibility of PCIT in an urban domestic violence shelter with community-based clinicians delivering the treatment...
January 2017: Journal of Child and Family Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493091/-violence-against-the-elderly-in-domestic-care-settings-short-profile-of-an-interdisciplinary-research-project
#4
REVIEW
Anna Schwedler, Nadine Konopik, Lukas Heber, Marina Wellenhofer, Frank Oswald, Gisela Zenz, Ludwig Salgo
Most elderly people wish to remain and be cared for in their own home. Approximately 1.38 million people in Germany are cared for without professional support. However, domestic care by relatives can be a risk factor for violence against the elderly. This research project deals with the issue from a legal and social sciences perspective. The aim of the project is to develop a regulatory framework providing aid-oriented prevention and intervention in the family care of vulnerable elderly people by public agencies and courts...
May 10, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490817/transphobic-honour-based-abuse-a-conceptual-tool
#5
Michaela Rogers
This article proposes that an understanding of transphobic 'honour'-based abuse can be employed as a conceptual tool to explore trans people's experiences of familial abuse. This conception has evolved by connecting a sociology of shame, Goffman's work on stigma and 'honour'-based ideology. The discussion draws upon findings of a qualitative study which explored trans people's experiences of domestic violence and abuse. Narrative interviews were undertaken with 15 trans people who had either experienced abuse or whose perceptions were informed experientially through their support of others...
April 2017: Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486669/federal-and-state-responses-to-domestic-minor-sex-trafficking-the-evolution-of-policy
#6
Jini L Roby, Melanie Vincent
Domestic minor sex trafficking (DMST) is a rapidly growing problem in the United States, yet legislative efforts to address victim needs have begun only recently. DMST is an issue that spans several areas of social work practice, as emerging research shows that most children and youths exploited in commercial sex have typically experienced prior abuse, neglect, or other forms of trauma. Many have been involved with the child welfare and juvenile justice systems and are often lured by promises of love, security, protection, and belonging...
May 9, 2017: Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457202/hiv-sexually-transmitted-infections-and-intimate-partner-violence-results-from-the-togo-2013-2014-demographic-and-health-survey
#7
Anthony H Nguyen, Anna R Giuliano, Alfred K Mbah, Aurora Sanchez-Anguiano
Among clinic-based studies, intimate partner violence (IPV) has been shown to contribute to HIV/AIDS among young girls and women. Results from studies among the general population have been less consistent. This study evaluated the associations between HIV infection, any sexually transmitted infections (STIs), and IPV in a population-based sample of Togolese women. Data from the Togo 2013-2014 Demographic and Health Survey were utilized for these analyses. Women aged 15-49, who were currently married, had HIV test results, and answered the Domestic Violence Module were analyzed (n = 2386)...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446083/domestic-abuse
#8
(no author information available yet)
A new Department of Health (DH) resource, Responding to Domestic Abuse, has been developed to help staff working in healthcare services respond to domestic abuse.
April 27, 2017: Nursing Management (Harrow)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442023/factors-affecting-the-views-and-experiences-of-women-living-in-the-city-centre-of-manisa-turkey-regarding-domestic-violence
#9
Saliha Özpinar, Gönül Dinç Horasan, Hakan Baydur, Tülin Canbay
Domestic violence against women is an important social and public health problem worldwide resulting from unequal power relationships between men and women. The purpose of the present cross-sectional descriptive study was to determine the factors affecting the views and experiences of women living in the city centre of Manisa, Turkey, regarding domestic violence. The data were collected from a representative sample of women (n=873) in 2012. The socio-demographic questionnaire and the World Health Organization's Multi-country Study on Women's Health and Domestic Violence Against Women were used for data collection...
November 2016: Australian Journal of Primary Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435184/mining-electronic-health-records-data-domestic-violence-and-adverse-health-effects
#10
Gunnur Karakurt, Vishal Patel, Kathleen Whiting, Mehmet Koyutürk
Intimate partner violence (IPV) often culminates in acute physical injury, sexual assault, and mental health issues. It is crucial to understand the healthcare habits of victims to develop interventions that can drastically improve a victim's quality of life and prevent future abuse. The objective of this study is to mine de-identified and aggregated Electronic Health Record data to identify women's health issues that are potentially associated with IPV. In this study we compared health issues of female domestic abuse victims to female non-domestic abuse victims...
January 2017: Journal of Family Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431382/childhood-maltreatment-preceding-depressive-disorder-at-age-18-years-a-prospective-brazilian-birth-cohort-study
#11
Erika Alejandra Giraldo Gallo, Christian Loret De Mola, Fernando Wehrmeister, Helen Gonçalves, Christian Kieling, Joseph Murray
BACKGROUND: Childhood maltreatment is linked with increased risk for mental illness in adolescence and adulthood. However, little evidence is available on whether different forms of maltreatment have specific effects, and no prospective studies in low- or middle-income countries have addressed this issue. METHODS: Participants in a population-based, birth cohort study in Pelotas, Brazil (N=3715) self-reported exposure to maltreatment (emotional abuse, physical neglect, physical abuse, sexual abuse, domestic violence) in confidential questionnaires at age 15 years, and were assessed for major depression in interviews at age 18 years, using the MINI...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423137/psychometric-properties-of-the-vulnerability-to-abuse-screening-scale-for-screening-abuse-of-older-adults
#12
Raquel Batista Dantas, Graziella Lage Oliveira, Andréa Maria Silveira
OBJECTIVE: Adapt and evaluate the psychometric properties of the Vulnerability to Abuse Screening Scale to identify risk of domestic violence against older adults in Brazil. METHODS: The instrument was adapted and validated in a sample of 151 older adults from a geriatric reference center in the municipality of Belo Horizonte, State of Minas Gerais, in 2014. We collected sociodemographic, clinical, and abuse-related information, and verified reliability by reproducibility in a sample of 55 older people, who underwent re-testing of the instrument seven days after the first application...
April 10, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420374/prevalence-and-associated-factors-of-common-mental-disorders-among-ethiopian-migrant-returnees-from-the-middle-east-and-south-africa
#13
Kassahun Habtamu, Abebaw Minaye, Waganesh A Zeleke
BACKGROUND: Ethiopian migrants to the Middle East and South Africa experience a range of problems at various stages of their migration including overwork, sleep deprivation, denial of food, emotional abuse, difficulty adapting to the host culture, salary denial, sexual abuse, labor exploitation, confiscation of their travel documents, confinement, denial of medication, lack of access to legal service and degrading attitude by employers, traffickers and smugglers. These experiences can be associated with different types of mental disorders...
April 19, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418415/-role-of-the-oral-care-provider-to-call-attention-to-child-abuse
#14
R J M Gruythuysen, J M Wiggelendam
The focus on child abuse has increased in recent years. In 2015, the Royal Dutch Association of Dentists (KNMT) revised the Sign Code 'child abuse and domestic violence'. The core of the Sign Code is formed by the compulsory 5-step action plan for the signalling of, among other things, (a suspicion of) child abuse that must be followed. Dealing professionally with child abuse places high demands on the knowledge and communication skills of the health care provider. If the demands are met, the health care provider is by law adequately protected against complaints...
April 2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403521/understanding-management-and-support-for-domestic-violence-and-abuse-dva-within-emergency-departments-a-systematic-literature-review-from-2000-to-2015
#15
REVIEW
Kathryn Hinsliff-Smith, Julie McGarry
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to identify, review and critically evaluate published empirical studies concerned with the prevalence, management and support for survivors of DVA who present at ED. BACKGROUND: DVA is a global phenomenon with a wealth of studies that explore the different aspects of the issue including the economic, social and health effects on survivors and on society as a whole. ED is widely recognised as one healthcare facility where DVA survivors will often disclose DVA...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392674/interventions-to-improve-the-response-of-professionals-to-children-exposed-to-domestic-violence-and-abuse-a-systematic-review
#16
William Turner, Marianne Hester, Jonathan Broad, Eszter Szilassy, Gene Feder, Jessica Drinkwater, Adam Firth, Nicky Stanley
Exposure of children to domestic violence and abuse (DVA) is a form of child maltreatment with short- and long-term behavioural and mental health impact. Health care professionals are generally uncertain about how to respond to domestic violence and are particularly unclear about best practice with regards to children's exposure and their role in a multiagency response. In this systematic review, we report educational and structural or whole-system interventions that aim to improve professionals' understanding of, and response to, DVA survivors and their children...
January 2017: Child Abuse Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385911/risk-factors-associated-with-current-intimate-partner-violence-at-individual-and-relationship-levels-a-cross-sectional-study-among-married-rural-migrant-women-in-shanghai-china
#17
Xiaowen Tu, Chaohua Lou
OBJECTIVE: To identify individual and relationship risk factors associated with current intimate partner violence (IPV) against married rural migrant women in Shanghai, China. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Two subdistricts of one administrative district, Shanghai, China. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 958 married rural migrant women of reproductive age were selected using a community-based two-stage cluster sampling method in April and May of 2010...
April 5, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384241/mental-ill-health-in-structural-pathways-to-women-s-experiences-of-intimate-partner-violence
#18
Mercilene T Machisa, Nicola Christofides, Rachel Jewkes
BACKGROUND: Depression, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and binge drinking are among mental health effects of child abuse and intimate partner violence (IPV) experiences among women. Emerging data show the potential mediating role of mental ill health in the relationship of child abuse and IPV. There is evidence that PTSD, depression and alcohol abuse are comorbid common mental disorders and that a bidirectional relationship exists between depression and IPV in some settings. Furthermore, the temporal direction in the relationship of alcohol abuse and women's IPV experiences from different studies is unclear...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370631/abuse-and-violence-in-families
#19
EDITORIAL
Denise Wilson, Rosa Maria Gonzalez-Guarda, Jacquelyn Campbell
Abuse and violence within families is both a global and gendered health issue (World Health Organization, 2013, 2014). In fact, one in every three women have experienced violence from an intimate partner in their lifetime, presenting equity, social justice and human rights concerns across the globe (García-Moreno, Jansen, Ellsberg, Heise, & Watts, 2005). Abuse and violence in families occurs in varying forms: intimate partner violence or maltreatment of children (often referred to as domestic violence), child to mother violence, or abuse of elder family members...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360794/a-case-of-skin-picking-disorder-of-a-patient-with-a-history-of-childhood-abuse
#20
Aslıhan Okan Ibiloğlu, Abdullah Atli, Mehmet Cemal Kaya, Süleyman Demir, Mahmut Bulut, Aytekin Sir
Skin picking (excoriation) disorder is the recurrent excoriation of one's own skin, resulting in noticeable skin damage. People pick their skin for different reasons. For the majority of patients, first skin picking is associated with a history of childhood abuse and personal problems. Subjects who moderately to severely cause injurious self-harm are more likely to have a history of exposure to domestic violence and childhood abuse than those who do not self-harm. At the same time, these conditions could be related to the etiology for majority of other psychiatric disorders...
June 2016: Noro Psikiyatri Arsivi
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