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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457326/associations-between-adolescent-risk-for-restrictive-disordered-eating-and-long-term-outcomes-related-to-somatic-symptoms-body-mass-index-and-poor-well-being
#1
Evelina Landstedt, Anne Hammarström, A Kate Fairweather-Schmidt, Tracey Wade
OBJECTIVE: To date, no longitudinal, community-based studies have examined the association between disordered eating emerging in adolescence and long-term physical well-being. This study sought to explore the longitudinal associations between risk for restrictive disordered eating (DE-R; those not presenting with binge-purge symptoms) in adolescence and trajectories of functional somatic symptoms (FSS) and body mass index (BMI), and several indicators of poor physical well-being across early- to mid-adulthood, including medication, number of doctor visits, and sick leave...
February 18, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456752/treatment-of-the-overriding-fifth-toe-butler-s-arthroplasty-is-a-good-option
#2
R Simões, C Alves, L Tavares, I Balacó, P Sá Cardoso, T Pu Ling, G Matos
Purpose: The overriding fifth toe is a congenital triplane deformity that may cause aesthetic and functional concerns in children and adolescents. This study aims to evaluate the results obtained when using Butler's arthroplasty to treat this forefoot deformity. Methods: We performed a retrospective study, including all patients undergoing Butler's arthroplasty from January 1995 to December 2012. Clinical records were reviewed to determine age at date of surgery, gender, laterality, preoperative symptoms, success of deformity correction, postoperative pain, scarring, need for adapted shoe, rates of complications and recurrence...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Children's Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450935/community-violence-exposure-correlates-with-smaller-gray-matter-volume-and-lower-iq-in-urban-adolescents
#3
Oisin Butler, Xiao-Fei Yang, Corinna Laube, Simone Kühn, Mary Helen Immordino-Yang
Adolescents' exposure to community violence is a significant public health issue in urban settings and has been associated with poorer cognitive performance and increased risk for psychiatric illnesses, including PTSD. However, no study to date has investigated the neural correlates of community violence exposure in adolescents. Sixty-five healthy adolescents (age = 14-18 years; 36 females, 29 males) from moderate- to high-crime neighborhoods in Los Angeles reported their violence exposure, parents' education level, and free/reduced school lunch status (socio-economic status, SES), and underwent structural neuroimaging and intelligence testing...
February 15, 2018: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450245/video-game-addiction-and-psychological-distress-among-expatriate-adolescents-in-saudi-arabia
#4
Nazmus Saquib, Juliann Saquib, AbdulWaris Wahid, Abdulrahman Akmal Ahmed, Hamad Emad Dhuhayr, Mohamed Saddik Zaghloul, Mohammed Ewid, Abdulrahman Al-Mazrou
Introduction: Few studies have estimated screen time among Arab adolescents, and no studies, to date, have published data on addiction to video games or Internet games among Arab adolescents. This study aimed to assess the prevalence of addiction to video games and its correlation with mental health in a sample of expatriate high school students from the Al-Qassim region of Saudi Arabia. Methods: The survey was conducted in 2016 among 276 students enrolled in ninth through twelfth grades in the International Schools in Buraidah, Al-Qassim...
December 2017: Addictive Behaviors Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448908/the-role-of-cultural-factors-on-dating-aggression-and-delinquency-among-latino-youth
#5
Carlos A Cuevas, Chiara Sabina, Anjuli Fahlberg, Maria Espinola
There is limited research comparatively evaluating delinquency and dating aggression among Latino youth. This analysis examines the rates and cultural correlates associated with delinquency and dating aggression among Latino youth using data from the Dating Violence Among Latino Adolescents study. The study surveyed 1,525 Latino adolescents between the ages of 12 and 18 years about past-year dating aggression perpetration and delinquency. Dating aggression perpetration and delinquency rates and relative risk ratios are presented...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446439/vision-screening-for-correctable-visual-acuity-deficits-in-school-age-children-and-adolescents
#6
REVIEW
Jennifer R Evans, Priya Morjaria, Christine Powell
BACKGROUND: Although the benefits of vision screening seem intuitive, the value of such programmes in junior and senior schools has been questioned. In addition there exists a lack of clarity regarding the optimum age for screening and frequency at which to carry out screening. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of vision screening programmes carried out in schools to reduce the prevalence of correctable visual acuity deficits due to refractive error in school-age children...
February 15, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437864/chronic-kidney-disease-mortality-trends-in-selected-central-america-countries-1997-2013-clues-to-an-epidemic-of-chronic-interstitial-nephritis-of-agricultural-communities
#7
Pedro Ordunez, F Javier Nieto, Ramon Martinez, Patricia Soliz, Gloria P Giraldo, Susan Anne Mott, Wendy E Hoy
BACKGROUND: In Central America, chronic interstitial nephritis of agricultural communities (CINAC) has reached epidemic proportions. Clusters of cases have been described in several farming communities. Its aetiology remains uncertain and a controversy exists on its key triggers, among them the heat stress-dehydration mechanism and the toxic exposure to agrochemicals. METHODS: This study analysed the mortality pattern and trend of chronic kidney disease code N18 (CKD-N18) according to the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems-10th Revision, the proxy and the underlying cause of death, in four selected Central American countries from 1997 to 2013...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435783/feasibility-of-linking-long-term-cardiovascular-cohort-data-to-offspring-birth-records-the-bogalusa-heart-study
#8
Emily W Harville, Marni Jacobs, Tian Shu, Dorothy Breckner, Maeve Wallace
Introduction Researchers in perinatal health, as well as other areas, may be interested in linking existing datasets to vital records data when the existence or timing of births is unknown. Methods 5914 women who participated in the Bogalusa Heart Study (1973-2009), a long-running study of cardiovascular health in childhood, adolescence, and adulthood, were linked to vital statistics birth data from Louisiana, Mississippi, and Texas (1982-2010). Deterministic and probabilistic linkages based on social security number, race, maternal date of birth, first name, last name, and Soundex codes for name were conducted...
February 12, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432333/buprenorphine-treatment-for-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-opioid-use-disorders-a-narrative-review
#9
Jacob T Borodovsky, Sharon Levy, Marc Fishman, Lisa A Marsch
: In the past decade, a new cohort of adolescents and young adults with opioid use disorders (OUD) has emerged. While medications and psychosocial treatments are available, few adolescents and young adults with OUD can access and remain in treatment. Effective, practical, and scalable treatment paradigms for this young population are needed. Buprenorphine is a medication with unique pharmacological and regulatory characteristics that make it a promising component of adolescent and young adult OUD treatment models...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Addiction Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432231/noncommunicable-diseases-in-adolescents-with-perinatally-acquired-hiv-1-infection-in-high-income-and-low-income-settings
#10
Steve Innes, Kunjal Patel
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Perinatally HIV-infected adolescents may be at increased risk of noninfectious comorbidities later in life. This review summarizes recent advances in the understanding of noncommunicable diseases (NCD) among HIV-infected adolescents in high-income and lower middle-income countries, and identifies key questions that remain unanswered. We review atherosclerotic vascular disease (AVD), chronic bone disease (CBD), chronic kidney disease (CKD), and chronic lung disease (CLD)...
February 8, 2018: Current Opinion in HIV and AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428363/psychometric-properties-of-the-inico-feaps-scale-in-a-danish-sample-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#11
Ane Knüppel, Helle Jakobsen, Marlene Briciet Lauritsen, Gry Kjærsdam Telléus
BACKGROUND: There is a need to evaluate subjective perspectives of outcomes, such as quality of life (QoL), in individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD), but to date, there is no specific instrument available to assess this population. While the INICO-FEAPS scale is customized for studying QoL in adolescents and adults with intellectual and/or developmental disabilities, this scale has not been previously evaluated in an ASD population. AIMS: To examine the usability of the INICO-FEAPS scale in a Danish population of adolescents and adults with ASD...
February 8, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425666/early-hormonal-treatment-affects-body-composition-and-body-shape-in-young-transgender-adolescents
#12
Maartje Klaver, Renée de Mutsert, Chantal M Wiepjes, Jos W R Twisk, Martin den Heijer, Joost Rotteveel, Daniël T Klink
BACKGROUND: Transgender adolescents aspiring to have the body characteristics of the affirmed sex can receive hormonal treatment. However, it is unknown how body shape and composition develop during treatment and whether transgender persons obtain the desired body phenotype. AIM: To examine the change in body shape and composition from the start of treatment with gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonists (GnRHa) until 22 years of age and to compare these measurements at 22 years with those of age-matched peers...
February 2018: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29419734/exploring-interventions-for-sleep-disorders-in-adolescent-cannabis-users
#13
REVIEW
Tzvi Furer, Komal Nayak, Jess P Shatkin
This review summarizes the available literature on the intersection of adolescent cannabis use and sleep disturbances, along with interventions for adolescent cannabis users who suffer sleep impairments. Adolescents are susceptible to various sleep disorders, which are often exacerbated by the use of substances such as cannabis. The relationship between cannabis and sleep is bidirectional. Interventions to improve sleep impairments among adolescent cannabis users to date have demonstrated limited efficacy, although few studies indicating the benefits of behavioral interventions-such as Cognitive Behavior Therapy for Insomnia or Mindfulness Based Stress Reduction-appear promising in the treatment of sleep disorders, which are present for users of cannabis...
February 8, 2018: Medical Sciences: Open Access Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415697/study-protocol-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial-to-test-the-effect-of-a-smartphone-application-on-oral-health-behavior-and-oral-hygiene-in-adolescents-with-fixed-orthodontic-appliances
#14
Janneke F M Scheerman, Berno van Meijel, Pepijn van Empelen, Gem J C Kramer, Gijsbert H W Verrips, Amir H Pakpour, Matheus C T Van den Braak, Cor van Loveren
BACKGROUND: Adolescents with fixed orthodontic appliances are at high risk of developing dental caries. To date, new smartphone technologies have seldom been used to support them in the preventive behavior that can help prevent dental caries. After an intervention-mapping process, we developed a smartphone application (the WhiteTeeth app) for preventing dental caries through improved oral-health behavior and oral hygiene. The app, which is intended to be used at home, will help adolescents with fixed orthodontic appliances perform their oral self-care behavior...
February 7, 2018: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413771/population-based-epidemiology-of-9767-ankle-fractures
#15
Rasmus Elsoe, Svend E Ostgaard, Peter Larsen
BACKGROUND: The purpose was to provide up-to-date information concerning the incidence of ankle fractures in a large and complete population including all age groups, spanning a decade, and report the distribution of fractures, trauma mechanism and patient baseline demographics. METHODS: Population-based epidemiological study of all patients treated for an ankle fracture in a 10-year period from 2005 to 2014. RESULTS: A total of 9767 patients with ankle fractures were treated between 2005 and 2014...
February 2018: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408754/elective-abortion-clinical-practice-guidelines-from-the-french-college-of-gynecologists-and-obstetricians-cngof
#16
REVIEW
Christophe Vayssière, Adrien Gaudineau, Luisa Attali, Karima Bettahar, Sophie Eyraud, Philippe Faucher, Patrick Fournet, Danielle Hassoun, Marie Hatchuel, Christian Jamin, Brigitte Letombe, Teddy Linet, Marie Msika Razon, Alexandra Ohanessian, Hélène Segain, Solène Vigoureux, Norbert Winer, Sophie Wylomanski, Aubert Agostini
The number of elective abortions has been stable for several decades. Many factors explain women's choice of abortion in cases of unplanned pregnancies. Early initiation of contraceptive use and a choice of contraceptive choices appropriate to the woman's life are associated with lower rates of unplanned pregnancies. Reversible long-acting contraceptives should be favored as first-line methods for adolescents because of their effectiveness (grade C). Ultrasound scan before an elective abortion must be encouraged but should not be obligatory (professional consensus)...
January 26, 2018: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403216/enterobius-vermicularis-infestation-leading-to-meckel-s-diverticulitis-in-an-adolescent-boy-an-extremely-rare-presentation
#17
Manupriya Sharma, Rashmi Kaul, Bal Chander
Enterobius vermicularis is an intestinal nematode commonly affecting children worldwide. Its transmission is by feco-oral route. Meckel's diverticulitis due to E. vermicularis infestation is an extremely rare presentation. An 11-year-old boy presented with acute abdomen. During surgery inflamed Meckel's diverticulum (M.D) was seen. Histopathology examination of specimen revealed E. vermicularis. Till date, only one case of E. vermicularis infestation of M.D is reported around five decades ago. This histopathological confirmation is extremely important as the required treatment (Mebendazole) of the infected case along with household contacts can prevent the spread of infection and may avoid surgery in known contacts...
January 2018: Journal of Laboratory Physicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395249/new-data-on-intimate-partner-violence-and-intimate-relationships-implications-for-gun-laws-and-federal-data-collection
#18
Susan B Sorenson, Devan Spear
Age at first marriage has risen substantially and birth rates are at a record low; people are spending more time in relationships that, by comparison, have fewer emotional, financial, and legal commitments. Little research has examined intimate partner violence (IPV) prevalence in current and former adult (vs. adolescent) dating relationships. Such information is relevant to federal firearms policies that are based on the nature of an intimate relationship. We examined assaultive behaviors by the type and status of the relationship - current spouse, former spouse, current boyfriend or girlfriend, and former boyfriend or girlfriend - in 31,206 IPV incidents responded to by Philadelphia police in 2013...
January 25, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391374/protocol-for-pertussis-immunisation-and-food-allergy-pifa-a-case-control-study-of-the-association-between-pertussis-vaccination-in-infancy-and-the-risk-of-ige-mediated-food-allergy-among-australian-children
#19
Marie J Estcourt, Julie A Marsh, Dianne E Campbell, Michael S Gold, Katrina J Allen, Peter Richmond, Claire S Waddington, Thomas L Snelling
INTRODUCTION: Atopic diseases, including food allergy, have become a predominant cause of chronic illness among children in developed countries. In Australia, a rise in hospitalisations among infants coded as anaphylaxis to foods coincided with the replacement of whole-cell pertussis (wP) vaccine with subunit acellular pertussis (aP) vaccine on the national immunisation schedule in the late 1990s. Atopy is characterised by a tendency to mount T helper type 2 (Th2) responses to otherwise innocuous environmental antigens...
January 31, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390152/acute-liver-failure-in-an-adolescent-male-induced-by-human-herpesvirus-6-hhv-6-a-case-report-with-literature-review
#20
Adam M Szewc, Steve Taylor, Gary D Cage, Jeffery Jacobsen, Ozlem Pinar Bulut, Daphne E de Mello
A previously healthy 11-year-old Caucasian boy presented with a 2-week history of nonspecific symptoms of nausea and nonbilious, nonbloody emesis. He developed significant jaundice and hepatic encephalopathy within 1 week of beginning symptoms and was discovered to have fulminant liver failure. Extensive work-ups for underlying etiologies included serologic evaluation for underlying chronic liver diseases, toxicology screening, inborn errors of metabolism, and infectious diseases. The results of the entire assessment were negative except for human herpesvirus 6B, which was detected in the liver by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction and immunohistochemical analysis...
January 30, 2018: Laboratory Medicine
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