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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911347/smartphone-applications-for-immersive-virtual-reality-therapy-for-internet-addiction-and-internet-gaming-disorder
#1
Melvyn W B Zhang, Roger C M Ho
There have been rapid advances in technologies over the past decade and virtual reality technology is an area which is increasingly utilized as a healthcare intervention in many disciplines including that of Medicine, Surgery and Psychiatry. In Psychiatry, most of the current interventions involving the usage of virtual reality technology is limited to its application for anxiety disorders. With the advances in technology, Internet addiction and Internet gaming disorders are increasingly prevalent. To date, these disorders are still being treated using conventional psychotherapy methods such as cognitive behavioural therapy...
November 25, 2016: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911219/anxiety-mediates-the-relation-between-childhood-sexual-abuse-and-genito-pelvic-pain-in-adolescent-girls
#2
Marie Santerre-Baillargeon, Pascale Vézina-Gagnon, Isabelle Daigneault, Tina Landry, Sophie Bergeron
Previous research has demonstrated associations between child sexual abuse, anxiety and genito-pelvic pain, but no study to date has examined whether sexual abuse may be associated with genito-pelvic pain through victims' elevated anxiety. The present study aimed to determine whether anxiety mediates the relationship between child sexual abuse and genito-pelvic pain. Using self-report questionnaires, data were gathered from 218 sexually active adolescent girls recruited from seven metropolitan high schools...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903282/start-now-a-comprehensive-skills-training-programme-for-female-adolescents-with-oppositional-defiant-and-conduct-disorders-study-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#3
Linda Kersten, Martin Prätzlich, Sandra Mannstadt, Katharina Ackermann, Gregor Kohls, Helena Oldenhof, Daniel Saure, Katrin Krieger, Beate Herpertz-Dahlmann, Arne Popma, Christine M Freitag, Robert L Trestman, Christina Stadler
BACKGROUND: In Europe, the number of females exhibiting oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) and conduct disorder (CD) is growing. Many of these females live in youth welfare institutions. Consequently, there is a great need for evidence-based interventions within youth welfare settings. A recently developed approach targeting the specific needs of girls with ODD and CD in residential care is START NOW. The aim of this group-based behavioural skills training programme is to specifically enhance emotional regulation capacities to enable females with CD or ODD to appropriately deal with daily-life demands...
December 1, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900788/do-student-nurses-feel-a-lack-of-comfort-in-providing-support-for-lesbian-gay-bisexual-or-questioning-adolescents-what-factors-influence-their-comfort-level
#4
Brian P Richardson, Anton E Ondracek, Dee Anderson
AIM: The aim of this study was to find out if student nurses feel comfortable in caring by providing support for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual or Questioning adolescents and what factors influence their level of comfort. BACKGROUND: Research indicates that nurses and nursing students experience varying levels of comfort when caring for adults who are Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual or Questioning: adult patients feel that nurse's attitudes change towards them once they disclose their sexuality...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896918/finding-the-right-assessment-measures-for-young-people-with-intellectual-disabilities-who-display-harmful-sexual-behaviour
#5
A Malovic, G Murphy, S Coulton
BACKGROUND: Previous studies and national reports have all noted that a significant proportion of the young people who display harmful sexual behaviours have intellectual disabilities. However, research on the topic has been scarce. This study presents a systematic review of the literature relating to clinical instruments specifically developed or adapted for adolescents with intellectual disabilities who display harmful sexual behaviours. METHOD: An electronic search of databases was completed for published articles in English from the earliest possible date to the end of 2013...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890796/temporal-profiles-of-plasma-proteome-during-childhood-development
#6
Chih-Wei Liu, Lisa Bramer, Bobbie-Jo Webb-Robertson, Kathleen Waugh, Marian J Rewers, Qibin Zhang
Human blood plasma proteome reflects physiological changes associated with a child's development as well as development of disease states. While age-specific normative values are available for proteins routinely measured in clinical practice, there is paucity of comprehensive longitudinal data regarding changes in human plasma proteome during childhood. We applied TMT-10plex isobaric labeling-based quantitative proteomics to longitudinally profile the plasma proteome in 10 healthy children during their development, each with 9 serial time points from 9months to 15years of age...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889404/adolescent-suicidal-ingestion-national-trends-over-a-decade
#7
David C Sheridan, Robert G Hendrickson, Amber L Lin, Rongwei Fu, B Zane Horowitz
PURPOSE: Suicide attempts by adolescents most commonly involve the overdose of medications. To date, there has been little information on the over-the-counter or prescription medicines that adolescents ingest for self-harm. Identification of medications chosen in suicide attempts may help guide anticipatory guidance to parents by primary care providers and Poison Centers in prevention programs. METHODS: This was a retrospective observational study using the American Association of Poison Control Center's National Poison Data System...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889217/the-sight-questionnaire-a-novel-assessment-tool-for-satisfaction-in-genital-hypospadias-treatment
#8
Peter U Ardelt, Marco Cederqvist, Michael Barth, Alexander Frankenschmidt
PURPOSE: Psychosexual development is currently underrepresented in hypospadias outcome research. The aim of this study was to develop and validate a questionnaire addressing psychosexual long-term satisfaction, specifically of adolescent patients, after hypospadias repair. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a multistep participative design we identified key interests of adolescent patients with hypospadias. Next, a questionnaire addressing specifically the psychosexual satisfaction of adolescents after hypospadias repair was established...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885706/insulin-pump-failures-in-italian-children-with-type%C3%A2-1-diabetes-retrospective-1-year-cohort-study
#9
I Rabbone, N Minuto, R Bonfanti, M Marigliano, F Cerutti, V Cherubini, G d'Annunzio, A Frongia, D Iafusco, G Ignaccolo, F Lombardo, R Schiaffini, S Toni, S Tumini, S Zucchini, A Pistorio, A E Scaramuzza
AIMS: Insulin pump failure and/or malfunction requiring replacement have not been thoroughly investigated. This study evaluated pump replacement in children and adolescents with Type 1 diabetes using insulin pump therapy. METHODS: Data were collected for all participants younger than 19 years, starting insulin pump therapy before 31 December 2013. For each child, age, disease duration, date of insulin pump therapy initiation, insulin pump model, failure/malfunction/replacement yes/no and reason were considered for the year 2013...
November 25, 2016: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881489/kinetics-of-meningococcal-serogroup-c-specific-functional-antibody-levels-up-to-15-years-after-a-single-immunization-with-a-meningococcal-serogroup-c-conjugate-vaccine-during-adolescence
#10
Susanne P Stoof, Mariëtte B van Ravenhorst, Debbie M van Rooijen, Richarda M de Voer, Fiona R M van der Klis, Greet J Boland, Elisabeth A M Sanders, Guy A M Berbers, Peter F Teunis
BACKGROUND: Adolescent vaccination is now considered the key factor to offer direct protection against meningococcal disease but also to reduce carriage and transmission and in this way establish herd protection. This study estimated age-dependent patterns in functional meningococcal serogroup C (MenC) antibody kinetics after primary MenC conjugate (MenCC) vaccination in adolescents. METHODS: Serum samples (n=1676) were drawn between 2006-2011 from individuals aged 9-18 years at time of primary MenCC vaccination in 2002...
November 23, 2016: Clinical and Vaccine Immunology: CVI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881359/feasibility-and-effectiveness-of-using-wearable-activity-trackers-in-youth-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Nicola D Ridgers, Melitta A McNarry, Kelly A Mackintosh
BACKGROUND: The proliferation and popularity of wearable activity trackers (eg, Fitbit, Jawbone, Misfit) may present an opportunity to integrate such technology into physical activity interventions. While several systematic reviews have reported intervention effects of using wearable activity trackers on adults' physical activity levels, none to date have focused specifically on children and adolescents. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review was to examine the effectiveness of wearable activity trackers as a tool for increasing children's and adolescents' physical activity levels...
November 23, 2016: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881107/risk-of-repeated-self-harm-and-associated-factors-in-children-adolescents-and-young-adults
#12
Marco Bennardi, Elaine McMahon, Paul Corcoran, Eve Griffin, Ella Arensman
BACKGROUND: Repeated self-harm represents the single strongest risk factor for suicide. To date no study with full national coverage has examined the pattern of hospital repeated presentations due to self-harm among young people. METHODS: Data on consecutive self-harm presentations were obtained from the National Self-Harm Registry Ireland. Socio-demographic and behavioural characteristics of individuals aged 10-29 years who presented with self-harm to emergency departments in Ireland (2007-2014) were analysed...
November 24, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879569/the-azygous-vein-is-at-potential-risk-of-injury-from-mal-positioning-of-left-thoracic-pedicle-screw-in-thoracic-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-patients
#13
Jun Jiang, Bang-Ping Qian, Yong Qiu, Bin Wang, Yang Yu, Ze-Zhang Zhu
STUDY DESIGN: A computed tomography (CT) study OBJECTIVE.: To evaluate the changed position of azygous vein in thoracic adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) patients and to analyze the potential risk of injury of azygous vein from thoracic pedicle screw placement in these patients. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: It has been widely recognized that the anatomic positions of structures adjacent to the vertebrae may change in AIS patients. To date, no study had evaluated such change of azygous vein in AIS patients...
November 22, 2016: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878604/-paediatric-palliative-care-ppc-a-particular-challenge-tasks-aims-and-specifics
#14
Boris Zernikow, Barbara Gertz, Carola Hasan
In Germany, there are about 50,000 children, adolescents and young adults with life threatening or life limiting conditions, who will likely die due to their illness before reaching the age of 40. In recent years prevalence has increased significantly.The aim of paediatric palliative care (PPC) is to optimize quality of life for the child, adolescent or young adult and its whole family. Whenever possible the patient should be treated at home.The very complex and rare diseases as well as the patients' wide range of age and developmental stage are particularly challenging within PPC...
November 23, 2016: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867661/insights-into-adherence-among-a-cohort-of-adolescents-aged-12-20-years-in-south-africa-reported-barriers-to-antiretroviral-treatment
#15
Mhairi Maskew, Matthew P Fox, Denise Evans, Darshini Govindasamy, Lise Jamieson, Given Malete, Constance Mongwenyana, Karl Technau
Adolescents experience disproportionately high rates of poor ART outcomes compared to adults despite prolonged use of antiretroviral therapy in Southern African treatment programs, presenting a significant challenge to national attempts to meet the UNAIDS 90-90-90 targets for 2020. This cohort study among adolescents aged 12-20 years accessing ART care at two urban public-sector clinics in Johannesburg between September and November 2013 aimed to identify factors potentially associated with poor attendance at clinic visits...
2016: AIDS Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866928/improved-waitlist-and-transplant-outcomes-for-pediatric-lung-transplantation-after-implementation-of-the-lung-allocation-score
#16
Timothy S Lancaster, Jacob R Miller, Deirdre J Epstein, Nicholas C DuPont, Stuart C Sweet, Pirooz Eghtesady
BACKGROUND: Although the lung allocation score (LAS) has not been considered valid for lung allocation to children, several additional policy changes for pediatric lung allocation have been adopted since its implementation. We compared changes in waitlist and transplant outcomes for pediatric and adult lung transplant candidates since LAS implementation. METHODS: The United Network for Organ Sharing database was reviewed for all lung transplant listings during the period 1995 to June 2014...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863803/research-domain-criteria-and-the-study-of-trauma-in-children-implications-for-assessment-and-treatment-research
#17
REVIEW
Carla Smith Stover, Brooks Keeshin
By definition, the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM) diagnosis of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) requires exposure to a traumatic event. Yet, the DSM diagnostic requirements for children and adolescents for PTSD may fail to capture traumatized youth with significant distress and functional impairment. Many important studies have utilized PTSD diagnosis as a mechanism for grouping individuals for comparative studies examining brain functioning, neuroendocrinology, genetics, attachment, and cognition; however, focusing only on those with the diagnosis of PTSD can miss the spectrum of symptoms and difficulties that impact children who experience trauma and subsequent impairment...
November 9, 2016: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862186/a-systematic-review-and-qualitative-synthesis-of-adolescents-views-of-sexual-readiness
#18
REVIEW
Michelle Templeton, Maria Lohan, Carmel Kelly, Laura Lundy
AIM: The aim of this study was to synthesize the qualitative evidence investigating adolescents' views on heterosexual readiness. BACKGROUND: Adolescents' understandings of sexual readiness are often missing in research and debates on sexual health and related concepts like sexual consent. Research to date has predominantly focussed on age and socio-cultural predictors of sexual debut, thus failing to explain how adolescents themselves conceptualize their readiness for heterosexual relations...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861345/vitamin-d-receptor-gene-bsmi-polymorphisms-in-egyptian-children-and-adolescents-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-a-case-control-study
#19
Seham F Azab, Yasser F Ali, Mohsen A A Farghaly, Mohammed E Hamed, Mayy A N Allah, Ahmed A Emam, Nasser I Abdelsalam, Mustafa I A Hashem, Heba H Gawish, Rehab M Nabil, Lamiaa M Kamel, Dalia S Fahmy, Salah F Alsayed, Nashwa M Al Azizi, Ghada M Al-Akad, Maha A Noah, Hind M Abdelrahman, Ahmed R Ahmed, Eman A Bendary
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a multisystemic autoimmune disease. The vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene is a candidate gene for susceptibility to autoimmune disorders. To date, only a few studies concerned the association of the VDR gene polymorphisms with childhood-onset SLE.In this study, we aimed to investigate the BsmI polymorphisms in the VDR gene, for the first time in Egyptian children and adolescents with SLE, to determine whether this polymorphism could be a marker of susceptibility to or severity of SLE and we also measured the serum level of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH] D) to assess its relation to such polymorphism...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858699/adolescent-lumbar-disc-herniation-impact-diagnosis-and-treatment
#20
Mustafa Karademir, Olcay Eser, Ergün Karavelioglu
BACKGROUND: Symptomatic lumbar intervertebral disc herniation (LDH) is rare in children and adolescents. To date, the treatments available for child and adolescent LDH, and the effect of each treatment, have not been fully reviewed. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this retrospective study is to report the etiology, familial history, presenting symptoms, level of herniation, duration of symptoms, radiological findings, as well as treatment methods and outcome. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed medical records of all patients with inclusion criteria of being younger than 20 years...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
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