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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207328/socioeconomic-determinants-of-sodium-intake-in-adult-populations-of-high-income-countries-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Carlos de Mestral, Ana-Lucia Mayén, Dusan Petrovic, Pedro Marques-Vidal, Murielle Bochud, Silvia Stringhini
BACKGROUND: A poorer quality diet among individuals with low socioeconomic status (SES) may partly explain the higher burden of noncommunicable disease among disadvantaged populations. Because there is a link between sodium intake and noncommunicable diseases, we systematically reviewed the current evidence on the social patterning of sodium intake. OBJECTIVES: To conduct a systematic review and a meta-analysis of the evidence on the association between SES and sodium intake in healthy adult populations of high-income countries...
February 16, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202817/adaptive-shaping-of-the-behavioural-and-neuroendocrine-phenotype-during-adolescence
#2
Tobias D Zimmermann, Sylvia Kaiser, Michael B Hennessy, Norbert Sachser
Environmental conditions during early life can adaptively shape the phenotype for the prevailing environment. Recently, it has been suggested that adolescence represents an additional temporal window for adaptive developmental plasticity, though supporting evidence is scarce. Previous work has shown that male guinea pigs living in large mixed-sex colonies develop a low-aggressive phenotype as part of a queuing strategy that is adaptive for integrating into large unfamiliar colonies. By contrast, males living in pairs during adolescence become highly aggressive towards strangers...
February 22, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195883/long-term-pediatric-ventricular-assist-device-therapy-a-case-report-of-2100-days-of-support
#3
Neha J Purkey, Aileen Lin, Jenna M Murray, Maryalice Gowen, Paul Shuttleworth, Katsuhide Maeda, Christopher S Almond, David N Rosenthal, Sharon Chen
Ventricular assist devices (VADs) have been placed as destination therapy in adults for over twenty years but have only recently been considered an option in a subset of pediatric patients. A 2016 report from the Pediatric Interagency Registry for Mechanical Circulatory Support (PediMACS) revealed only eight pediatric patients implanted as destination therapy. We report the case of an adolescent male with Becker Muscular Dystrophy (BMD) who underwent VAD placement in 2011 as bridge to candidacy. He subsequently decided to remain as destination therapy and so far has accrued over 2100 days on VAD support, the longest duration of pediatric VAD support reported in the literature to date...
February 9, 2017: ASAIO Journal: a Peer-reviewed Journal of the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195335/voluntary-binge-consumption-of-ethanol-in-a-sweetened-chocolate-flavored-solution-by-male-and-female-adolescent-sprague-dawley-rats
#4
Dominika Hosová, Linda Patia Spear
BACKGROUND: The still maturing adolescent brain may be particularly vulnerable to lasting consequences of ethanol (EtOH) exposure. Yet, human adolescents are the age group most likely to engage in binge drinking (a pattern of drinking leading to blood EtOH concentrations (BECs) of 80 mg/dl or greater). Most studies to date assessing the long-term effects of adolescent EtOH exposure in outbred rodent populations have either used experimenter-administered EtOH to produce BECs in the binge range or assessed voluntary intake of EtOH at well below binge levels...
February 14, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179647/narcolepsy
#5
REVIEW
Birgitte R Kornum, Stine Knudsen, Hanna M Ollila, Fabio Pizza, Poul J Jennum, Yves Dauvilliers, Sebastiaan Overeem
Narcolepsy is a chronic sleep disorder that has a typical onset in adolescence and is characterized by excessive daytime sleepiness, which can have severe consequences for the patient. Problems faced by patients with narcolepsy include social stigma associated with this disease, difficulties in obtaining an education and keeping a job, a reduced quality of life and socioeconomic consequences. Two subtypes of narcolepsy have been described (narcolepsy type 1 and narcolepsy type 2), both of which have similar clinical profiles, except for the presence of cataplexy, which occurs only in patients with narcolepsy type 1...
February 9, 2017: Nature Reviews. Disease Primers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178972/association-of-socioeconomic-school-related-and-family-factors-and-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behaviour-among-adolescents-multilevel-analysis-of-the-pralimap-trial-inclusion-data
#6
Johanne Langlois, Abdou Y Omorou, Anne Vuillemin, Serge Briançon, Edith Lecomte
BACKGROUND: Social differences among adolescents in physical activity and sedentary behaviour have been identified but are not well explained. The current study aimed to identify socioeconomic, family and school-related associated factors with physical activity and sedentary behaviour among high-school adolescents. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional analysis of T0 physical activity and sedentary behaviour of 2523 students 14 - 18 years old recruited for the PRALIMAP trial from 24 French state-run high schools...
February 8, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173788/real-time-optimized-biofeedback-utilizing-sport-techniques-robust-a-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Jeffrey B Taylor, Anh-Dung Nguyen, Mark V Paterno, Bin Huang, Kevin R Ford
BACKGROUND: Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries in female athletes lead to a variety of short- and long-term physical, financial, and psychosocial ramifications. While dedicated injury prevention training programs have shown promise, ACL injury rates remain high as implementation has not become widespread. Conventional prevention programs use a combination of resistance, plyometric, balance and agility training to improve high-risk biomechanics and reduce the risk of injury. While many of these programs focus on reducing knee abduction load and posture during dynamic activity, targeting hip extensor strength and utilization may be more efficacious, as it is theorized to be an underlying mechanism of injury in adolescent female athletes...
February 7, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168896/binge-drinking-affects-brain-oscillations-linked-to-motor-inhibition-and-execution
#8
Eduardo López-Caneda, Socorro Rodríguez Holguín, Ángeles Correas, Carina Carbia, Alberto González-Villar, Fernando Maestú, Fernando Cadaveira
INTRODUCTION: Neurofunctional studies have shown that binge drinking patterns of alcohol consumption during adolescence and youth are associated with anomalies in brain functioning. Recent evidence suggests that event-related oscillations may be an appropriate index of neurofunctional damage associated with alcoholism. However, there is no study to date that has evaluated the effects of binge drinking on oscillatory brain responses related to task performance. The purpose of the present study was to examine brain oscillations linked to motor inhibition and execution in young binge drinkers (BDs) compared with age-matched controls...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167313/prosociality-from-early-adolescence-to-young-adulthood-a-longitudinal-study-of-individuals-with-a-history-of-language-impairment
#9
Umar Toseeb, Andrew Pickles, Kevin Durkin, Nicola Botting, Gina Conti-Ramsden
BACKGROUND: Longitudinal research into the development of prosociality contributes vitally to understanding of individual differences in psychosocial outcomes. Most of the research to date has been concerned with prosocial behaviour in typically developing young people; much less has been directed to the course of development in individuals with developmental disorders. AIMS: This study reports a longitudinal investigation of prosocial behaviour in young people with language impairment (LI), and compares trajectories of development to typically developing age-matched peers (AMPs)...
February 3, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165362/relationship-between-selected-serum-metallic-elements-and-obesity-in-children-and-adolescent-in-the-u-s
#10
Yun Fan, Chunlan Zhang, Jin Bu
The prevalence of obesity has increased at an alarming rate worldwide. Metallic elements are involved in the pathogenesis of obesity and related diseases. To date, whether environmental exposure to metallic elements has effects on obesity in children and adolescents is still unclear. The aim of the current study was to investigate the association of blood metallic elements with obesity in U.S. children and adolescents. This cross-sectional study was performed with 5404 children and adolescents (6-19 years, 2745 males and 2659 females) who participated in the US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2011-2014...
February 3, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163088/risk-of-luteal-phase-pregnancy-with-any-cycle-day-initiation-of-subdermal-contraceptive-implants
#11
Molly Richards, Stephanie B Teal, Jeanelle Sheeder
OBJECTIVES: To determine rates of luteal phase pregnancy (LPP) in young women initiating subdermal implants on any day of the menstrual cycle. STUDY DESIGN: We assessed a retrospective cohort of young women receiving contraceptive implants at an adolescent Title-X clinic. Patients with negative pregnancy tests were eligible for same-day insertion, regardless of cycle day, contraceptive use, or last intercourse. We computed LPP rates for those within manufacturer guidelines for insertion (≤5 days of menstrual onset or ≤7 days post-discontinuing hormonal contraception) and outside these guidelines...
February 2, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161424/integration-of-data-from-a-safety-net-health-care-system-into-the-vaccine-safety-datalink
#12
Simon J Hambidge, Colleen Ross, Jo Ann Shoup, Kris Wain, Komal Narwaney, Kristin Breslin, Eric S Weintraub, Michael M McNeil
BACKGROUND: In 2013 the Institute of Medicine suggested that the Vaccine Safety DataLink (VSD) should broaden its population by including data of more patients from low income and racially and ethnically diverse backgrounds. In response, Kaiser Permanente Colorado (KPCO) partnered with Denver Health (DH), an integrated safety net health care system, to explore the integration of DH data. METHODS: We compared three different methods (reference date of September 1, 2013): "Empanelment" (any patient who has had a primary care visit in the past 18months), "Proxy-enrollment" (two health care visits in 3years separated by 90days), and "Enrollment" in a managed care plan...
February 1, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158933/interventions-for-treating-simple-bone-cysts-in-the-long-bones-of-children
#13
REVIEW
Jia-Guo Zhao, Jia Wang, Wan-Jie Huang, Peng Zhang, Ning Ding, Jian Shang
BACKGROUND: Simple bone cysts, also known as a unicameral bone cysts or solitary bone cysts, are the most common type of benign bone lesion in growing children. Cysts may lead to repeated pathological fracture (fracture that occurs in an area of bone weakened by a disease process). Occasionally, these fractures may result in symptomatic malunion. The main goals of treatment are to decrease the risk of pathological fracture, enhance cyst healing and resolve pain. Despite the numerous treatment methods that have been used for simple bone cysts in long bones of children, there is no consensus on the best procedure...
February 4, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156591/symptom-burdens-and-coping-strategies-in-adolescent-and-young-adult-aya-cancer-survivors-with-hematologic-malignancies
#14
Lori S Muffly, Joseline X Gomez, Kate Breitenbach, Jennifer Lynn McNeer, Wendy Stock, Christopher Daugherty
: 256 Background: Prior research reveals that AYA survivors face significant short-term and long-term physical and psychological symptom burdens (SB) as a result of disease and treatment. Yet, the prevalence of SB and their effect on AYA coping in hematologic survivors has not been described. METHODS: AYA patients (15-40 years at diagnosis) of acute leukemia, aggressive non-Hodgkin lymphoma, and Hodgkin lymphoma undergoing curative intent therapy (on-treatment cohort) or 2 year completion of therapy and in remission (early survivor cohort) completed following measures: depression (CES-D), state anxiety (STAI-S), PTSD (PCL-C), HRQOL (FACIT-G), Coping (Brief COPE)...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156215/does-higher-screw-density-improve-radiographic-and-clinical-outcomes-in-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-a-systematic-review-and-pooled-analysis
#15
Ming Luo, Wengang Wang, Mingkui Shen, Xin Luo, Lei Xia
OBJECTIVE The radiographic and clinical outcomes of low-density (LD) versus high-density (HD) screw constructs in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) treated with all-pedicle screw constructs are still controversial. A systematic review and pooled analysis were performed to compare radiographic, perioperative, and quality-of-life (QOL) outcomes and complications in patients with moderate AIS treated with LD or HD screw constructs. METHODS The MEDLINE, Embase, and Web of Science databases were searched for English-language articles addressing LD versus HD screw constructs in AIS patients treated with all-pedicle screw constructs...
February 3, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147458/age-of-sexual-debut-and-physical-dating-violence-victimization-sex-differences-among-us-high-school-students
#16
Timothy O Ihongbe, Susan Cha, Saba W Masho
BACKGROUND: Research has shown that early age of sexual debut is associated with physical dating violence (PDV), but sex-specific associations are sparse. We estimated the prevalence of PDV victimization in high school students who have initiated sexual intercourse and examined sex-specific association between age of sexual debut and PDV victimization. METHODS: Data on 8637 students in grades 9 through 12 who had initiated sex was obtained from the 2009-2011 national Youth Risk Behavior Survey...
March 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145083/the-effect-of-adding-metformin-to-insulin-therapy-for-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-children-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Reem A Al Khalifah, Abdulrahman Alnhdi, Hassan Alghar, Mohammad Alanazi, Ivan D Florez
We aimed to assess the effectiveness of adding metformin to insulin in type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) children for improving metabolic outcomes. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) conducted on children age 6 to 19 years who are diagnosed with T1DM, and examined the effect of adding Metformin to standard insulin therapy. We performed literature searches on Ovid Midline, Ovid Embase, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) from the date of inception of the database to February 15, 2016...
February 1, 2017: Pediatric Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141693/time-to-return-to-school-after-10-common-orthopaedic-surgeries-among-children-and-adolescents
#18
Samuel C Willimon, Marjorie M Johnson, Mackenzie M Herzog, Michael T Busch
BACKGROUND: Return to school among adolescents is often overlooked in orthopaedic outcome studies. The purpose was to measure the time missed from school after 10 common orthopedic surgeries. METHODS: Patients, 5 to 19 years old enrolled in elementary, middle, or high school, who underwent treatment for fixation of type III supracondylar humerus fracture, midshaft femur fracture fixation, isolated anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction, isolated partial menisectomy, adolescent idiopathic scoliosis fusion, closed reduction of both-bone forearm fracture, arthroscopic Bankart repair, hip arthroscopy with femoroacetabular impingement correction, limb length discrepancy correction, or surgical fixation of slipped capital femoral epiphysis during the 2014/2015 and 2015/2016 school years were identified for this Institutional Review Board-approved study...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139252/childhood-sexual-abuse-sexual-motives-and-adolescent-sexual-risk-taking-among-males-and-females-receiving-child-welfare-services
#19
Christine Wekerle, Abby L Goldstein, Masako Tanaka, Lil Tonmyr
Childhood sexual abuse (CSA) is associated with multiple negative outcomes, including increased risky sexual behavior. To date, the majority of research on the relationship between CSA and risky sex in adolescence has been limited, with a lack of focus on males and youth receiving child welfare services. Participants in the current study were 297 youth (mean age=15.98; SD=1.01, 57.6% female) from the child welfare system who reported being sexually active at the time of the survey. CSA was associated with severity of other types of maltreatment for both genders, and exposure to intimate partner violence for females only...
January 27, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138007/the-mediterranean-diet-and-adhd-in-children-and-adolescents
#20
Alejandra Ríos-Hernández, José A Alda, Andreu Farran-Codina, Estrella Ferreira-García, Maria Izquierdo-Pulido
OBJECTIVES: Although attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has been related to nutrient deficiencies and "unhealthy" diets, to date there are no studies that examined the relationship between the Mediterranean diet and ADHD. We hypothesized that a low adherence to a Mediterranean diet would be positively associated with an increase in ADHD diagnosis. METHODS: A total of 120 children and adolescents (60 with newly diagnosed ADHD and 60 controls) were studied in a sex- and age-matched case-control study...
January 30, 2017: Pediatrics
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