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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665014/stable-isotopic-evidence-for-land-use-patterns-in-the-middle-euphrates-valley-syria
#1
Arkadiusz Sołtysiak, Holger Schutkowski
OBJECTIVES: Stable carbon and nitrogen isotope ratios (δ13 C and δ15 N) were used to reconstruct the history of subsistence strategies in the middle Euphrates valley, NE Syria, in six temporal subsets dating from the Early Bronze Age (c. 2300 BCE) to the Modern period (19th/20th century CE). The study aims to demonstrate that changes in political and social organization over time, for which the archaeological record suggests different goals of land use and modes of production, register through dietary patterns that are reflected in isotopic data...
April 17, 2018: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661941/mental-health-of-transgender-and-gender-nonconforming-youth-compared-with-their-peers
#2
Tracy A Becerra-Culqui, Yuan Liu, Rebecca Nash, Lee Cromwell, W Dana Flanders, Darios Getahun, Shawn V Giammattei, Enid M Hunkeler, Timothy L Lash, Andrea Millman, Virginia P Quinn, Brandi Robinson, Douglas Roblin, David E Sandberg, Michael J Silverberg, Vin Tangpricha, Michael Goodman
BACKGROUND: Understanding the magnitude of mental health problems, particularly life-threatening ones, experienced by transgender and/or gender nonconforming (TGNC) youth can lead to improved management of these conditions. METHODS: Electronic medical records were used to identify a cohort of 588 transfeminine and 745 transmasculine children (3-9 years old) and adolescents (10-17 years old) enrolled in integrated health care systems in California and Georgia. Ten male and 10 female referent cisgender enrollees were matched to each TGNC individual on year of birth, race and/or ethnicity, study site, and membership year of the index date (first evidence of gender nonconforming status)...
April 16, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658169/love-and-dating-patterns-for-same-and-both-gender-attracted-adolescents-across-europe
#3
András Költő, Honor Young, Lorraine Burke, Nathalie Moreau, Alina Cosma, Josefine Magnusson, Béat Windlin, Marta Reis, Elizabeth M Saewyc, Emmanuelle Godeau, Saoirse Nic Gabhainn
Sexual orientation is a multidimensional phenomenon, which includes identity, behavior, and attraction. The attraction component, however, is less studied than the other two. In this article, we present the development of a two-item measure to identify adolescents who prefer same- and both-gender partners for love and dating. The questions were administered to nationally representative samples of 15-year-old adolescents in eight European countries and regions participating in the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) cross-national study...
April 15, 2018: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655865/non-nutritive-sweeteners-and-metabolic-health-outcomes-in-children-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
Maria A Karalexi, Marina Mitrogiorgou, Georgia G Georgantzi, Vassiliki Papaevangelou, Smaragdi Fessatou
OBJECTIVE: To systematically assess and quantitatively synthesize the literature regarding the association of consumption of non-nutritive sweeteners (NNS) during childhood with negative metabolic health outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: Following the PRISMA guidelines, published literature was systematically reviewed. Eligible studies (N = 13) were identified through the screening of over 2500 publications. Random-effects meta-analyses were conducted on the association of NNS consumption with body mass index (BMI) increase...
April 11, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652529/neurocognitive-predictors-of-clinical-improvement-in-selective-serotonin-reuptake-inhibitor-treated-adolescents-with-major-depressive-disorder
#5
Fadi Maalouf, Rinad Bakhti, Hani Tamim, Safa Shehab, David Brent
OBJECTIVES: Numerous studies have suggested cognitive deficits as consistently associated with adolescent depression. No study to date, however, has assessed neurocognitive predictors of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) treatment response in adolescents with depression. This study examined neurocognitive tasks at baseline as predictors of clinical improvement with SSRI treatment (fluoxetine) at week 6 and 12 in an adolescent population. METHODS: Adolescents with depression were recruited from a child and adolescent psychiatry outpatient clinic at a university medical center...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649836/-flight-routes-to-germany-of-seriously-ill-children-and-adolescents-from-former-eastern-bloc-countries-for-treatment-of-renal-failure
#6
Dilbar Mammadova, Ines Marek, Matthias Galiano, Wolfgang Rascher
BACKGROUND: Increased patient mobility and restricted treatment of children with end-stage renal disease forced families from the former Eastern Bloc countries to flee with their children to Germany for adequate medical treatment. METHODS: In a case study, the patients' charts were analysed retrospectively. In structured interviews, parents and patients were asked about their flight routes to Germany, their medical treatment and their integration. RESULTS: From 2003 to 2013, eight children and adolescents with renal failure were treated with dialysis or renal transplantation in Erlangen...
April 12, 2018: Klinische Pädiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643529/-retrospective-study-of-dental-treatment-under-general-anesthesia-of-62-disabled-children-and-adolescents
#7
N Wang, Y M Zhao
OBJECTIVE: To retrospectively figure out the oral health status, treatment and follow-ups after dental treatment under general anesthesia (DGA) of disabled children or adolescents. METHODS: Clinical data of disabled children or adolescents and normal children as control received DGA in the Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology from August 2008 to September 2015 were recorded, including: gender, birth date, treatment date, disability type, oral health status before treatment, treatment content and follow-ups (in 1 year)...
April 18, 2018: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629508/contextual-risk-profiles-and-trajectories-of-adolescent-dating-violence-perpetration
#8
H Luz McNaughton Reyes, Vangie A Foshee, Nathan Markiewitz, May S Chen, Susan T Ennett
Social ecological and developmental system perspectives suggest that interactions among factors within and across multiple contexts (e.g., neighborhood, peer, family) must be considered in explaining dating violence perpetration. Yet, to date, most extant research on dating violence has focused on individual, rather than contextual predictors, and used variable-centered approaches that fail to capture the configurations of factors that may jointly explain involvement in dating violence. The current study used a person-centered approach, latent profile analysis, to identify key configurations (or profiles) of contextual risk and protective factors for dating violence perpetration across the neighborhood, school, friend and family contexts...
April 9, 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628851/renal-oxalate-stones-in-children-with-zellweger-spectrum-disorders
#9
Hamdan Hammad Alhazmi
Peroxisomal biogenesis disorders due to PEX gene defects are classified into many subgroups, of which Zellweger spectrum disorders (ZSDs) represent the major subgroup. The ZSDs are clinical and biochemical disorders divided into three phenotypes: neonatal, adolescence, or adult. Clinical presentations vary with severity of the condition. Metabolic abnormalities occur due to functional peroxisomal defects that could be detected in blood and urine. No cure or definitive management exists to date; only supportive and palliative measures are applied to prevent worse sequelae...
April 2018: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627236/associations-between-parents-satisfaction-with-provider-communication-and-hpv-vaccination-behaviors
#10
Melanie L Kornides, Holly B Fontenot, Annie-Laurie McRee, Catherine A Panozzo, Melissa B Gilkey
BACKGROUND: Despite increasing awareness of the importance of a provider recommendation for HPV vaccine, the U.S. has yet to achieve the Healthy people 2020 goal of 80% series completion among adolescents. This failure indicates a need for further examination of the modifiable influences on parents' decision-making. Healthcare providers can influence parents' HPV vaccination decision-making, but little is known about parents' perspectives on the counseling they receive. We sought to assess U...
April 4, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625954/youth-mental-health-services-utilization-rates-after-a-large-scale-social-media-campaign-population-based-interrupted-time-series-analysis
#11
Richard G Booth, Britney N Allen, Krista M Bray Jenkyn, Lihua Li, Salimah Z Shariff
BACKGROUND: Despite the uptake of mass media campaigns, their overall impact remains unclear. Since 2011, a Canadian telecommunications company has operated an annual, large-scale mental health advocacy campaign (Bell Let's Talk) focused on mental health awareness and stigma reduction. In February 2012, the campaign began to explicitly leverage the social media platform Twitter and incented participation from the public by promising donations of Can $0.05 for each interaction with a campaign-specific username (@Bell_LetsTalk)...
April 6, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623647/the-association-between-serum-copper-concentrations-and-cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors-in-children-and-adolescents-in-nhanes
#12
Xiaodong Zang, Hesuyuan Huang, Zhulun Zhuang, Runsen Chen, Zongyun Xie, Cheng Xu, Xuming Mo
Copper is an essential element in human beings, alterations in serum copper levels could potentially have effect on human health. To date, no data are available regarding how serum copper affects cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors in children and adolescents. We examined the association between serum copper levels and CVD risk factors in children and adolescents. We analyzed data consisting of 1427 subjects from a nationally representative sample of the US population in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) from 2011 to 2014...
April 6, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615031/intentional-tanning-behaviors-among-undergraduates-on-the-united-states-gulf-coast
#13
Casey L Daniel, Natalie R Gassman, Alyssa M Fernandez, Sejong Bae, Marcus C B Tan
BACKGROUND: Rates of melanoma have dramatically increased among adolescents and young adults in recent years, particularly among young women. Exposure to ultraviolet radiation from intentional tanning practices is likely a major contributor to this epidemic. Southern and coastal regions have higher melanoma mortality rates among non-Hispanic whites in other parts of the U.S., yet little is known about tanning practices of adolescents and young adults in these regions. This study determines the prevalence and methods of intentional tanning utilized by an undergraduate population located on the United States' Gulf Coast...
April 3, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599198/acceptance-of-routine-hiv-testing-by-hospitalized-adolescents-and-young-adults
#14
Avni M Bhalakia, Hina J Talib, Jaeun Choi, Dana Watnick, Risa Bochner, Donna Futterman, Elissa Gross
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Youth carry a disproportionate burden of new HIV infections. With our study, we aimed to characterize HIV testing experiences among adolescents and young adults admitted to a children's hospital that is located in a high HIV-prevalent community and implemented routine HIV testing for all patients ≥13 years of age. METHODS: A total of 120 patients aged 13 to 24 years old who were admitted to our hospital and had a documented offer of routine HIV testing on admission were invited to complete a self-administered survey that asked about sex, race and/or ethnicity, HIV risk behaviors, and attitudes toward routine HIV testing in the hospital...
April 2018: Hospital Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595404/association-between-genetic-variants-in-p53-binding-sites-and-risks-of-osteosarcoma-in-a-chinese-population-a-two-stage-case-control-study
#15
Jingzhe Zhang, Li Kai, Wenlong Zhang, Yu Yin, Wenjun Wang
Osteosarcoma (OS) is one of the most common bone malignancies in children and adolescents. To date, inaugural mechanism of OS was considered as a complex process and was still not clear. The p53 gene, most important tumor suppressors, was associated with risk of many tumors, including OS. In current study, we evaluated the relationship between genetic variation of the p53 binding site and the OS susceptibility through a two-stage case-control study in Chinese population. We found that rs1295925 (OR = 0.85; 95 CI = 0...
March 29, 2018: Cancer Biology & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594119/monogenic-causes-of-proteinuria-in-children
#16
REVIEW
Onur Cil, Farzana Perwad
Glomerular disease is a common cause for proteinuria and chronic kidney disease leading to end-stage renal disease requiring dialysis or kidney transplantation in children. Nephrotic syndrome in children is diagnosed by the presence of a triad of proteinuria, hypoalbuminemia, and edema. Minimal change disease is the most common histopathological finding in children and adolescents with nephrotic syndrome. Focal segmental sclerosis is also found in children and is the most common pathological finding in patients with monogenic causes of nephrotic syndrome...
2018: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593100/development-and-validation-of-a-clinical-score-for-cardiovascular-risk-stratification-of-long-term-childhood-cancer-survivors
#17
Evangelos K Oikonomou, Sofia G Athanasopoulou, Polydoros N Kampaktsis, Damianos G Kokkinidis, Christos A Papanastasiou, Attila Feher, Richard M Steingart, Kevin C Oeffinger, Dipti Gupta
BACKGROUND: Long-term childhood cancer survivors (CCS) are at increased risk of adverse cardiovascular events; however, there is a paucity of risk-stratification tools to identify those at higher-than-normal risk. SUBJECTS, MATERIALS, AND METHODS: This was a population-based study using data from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program (1973-2013). Long-term CCS (age at diagnosis ≤19 years, survival ≥5 years) were followed up over a median time period of 12...
March 28, 2018: Oncologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29590281/association-of-childhood-irritability-and-depressive-anxious-mood-profiles-with-adolescent-suicidal-ideation-and-attempts
#18
Massimiliano Orri, Cedric Galera, Gustavo Turecki, Alberto Forte, Johanne Renaud, Michel Boivin, Richard E Tremblay, Sylvana M Côté, Marie-Claude Geoffroy
Importance: Suicidal ideation and suicide attempt (suicidality) are common in adolescence and a public health concern. Childhood depression is a key risk factor for later suicidality and often co-occurs with irritability. No study to date has examined the joint association of depressive mood and irritability during childhood with later suicidality. Objective: To investigate the association of childhood irritability and depressive/anxious mood profiles with adolescent suicidality...
March 28, 2018: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587625/the-effects-of-intranasal-oxytocin-on-reward-circuitry-responses-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#19
R K Greene, M Spanos, C Alderman, E Walsh, J Bizzell, M G Mosner, J L Kinard, G D Stuber, T Chandrasekhar, L C Politte, L Sikich, G S Dichter
BACKGROUND: Intranasal oxytocin (OT) has been shown to improve social communication functioning of individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and, thus, has received considerable interest as a potential ASD therapeutic agent. Although preclinical research indicates that OT modulates the functional output of the mesocorticolimbic dopamine system that processes rewards, no clinical brain imaging study to date has examined the effects of OT on this system using a reward processing paradigm...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581998/long-term-effect-of-critical-illness-after-severe-paediatric-burn-injury-on-cardiac-function-in-adolescent-survivors-an-observational-study
#20
Gabriel Hundeshagen, David N Herndon, Robert P Clayton, Paul Wurzer, Alexis McQuitty, Kristofer Jennings, Ludwik Branski, Vanessa N Collins, Nicole Ribeiro Marques, Celeste C Finnerty, Oscar E Suman, Michael P Kinsky
Background: Sepsis, trauma, and burn injury acutely depress systolic and diastolic cardiac function; data on long-term cardiac sequelae of pediatric critical illness are sparse. This study evaluated long-term systolic and diastolic function, myocardial fibrosis, and exercise tolerance in survivors of severe pediatric burn injury. Methods: Subjects at least 5 years after severe burn (post-burn:PB) and age-matched healthy controls (HC) underwent echocardiography to quantify systolic function (ejection fraction[EF%]), diastolic function (E/e'), and myocardial fibrosis (calibrated integrated backscatter) of the left ventricle...
December 2017: Lancet Child & Adolescent Health
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