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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102153/manual-therapy-in-the-treatment-of-idiopathic-scoliosis-analysis-of-current-knowledge
#1
Dariusz Czaprowski
BACKGROUND: Apart from the recommended specific physiotherapy, the treatment of idiopathic scoliosis (IS) also incorporates non-specific manual therapy (NMT). The aim of this paper is to assess the efficacy of NMT (manual therapy, chiropractic, osteopathy) used in the treatment of children and adolescents with IS. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study analysed systematic reviews (Analysis 1) and other recent scientific publications (Analysis 2). Analysis 1 encompassed papers on the use of NMT in patients with IS...
October 28, 2016: Ortopedia, Traumatologia, Rehabilitacja
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101748/romantic-attachment-conflict-resolution-styles-and-teen-dating-violence-victimization
#2
Helena Bonache, Rosaura Gonzalez-Mendez, Barbara Krahé
Although research on dating violence has increased in the last decades, little is known about the role of romantic attachment and conflict resolution in understanding victimization by an intimate partner among adolescents. This study examined the relationships between insecure attachment styles, destructive conflict resolution strategies, self-reported and perceived in the partner, and psychological and physical victimization by a dating partner in 1298 adolescents (49% girls). Anxious attachment was related to both forms of victimization via self-reported conflict engagement and conflict engagement attributed to the partner among boys and girls...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101444/accelerometer-data-treatment-for-adolescents-fitting-a-piece-of-the-puzzle
#3
Melody Smith, Steve Taylor, Leon Iusitini, Tom Stewart, Fa'asisila Savila, El-Shadan Tautolo, Lindsay Plank, Shabnam Jalili-Moghaddam, Janis Paterson, Elaine Rush
This study aimed to assess the differences in participant retention and associations between physical activity and key variables when a range of accelerometer data inclusion criteria are employed. Data were drawn from 204 adolescents of Pacific Island heritage (survey, body composition, 7-day accelerometry) and their parents (date of birth, socioeconomic status) between October 2014 and February 2016 in Auckland, New Zealand. Data wear time criteria for inclusion were as follows: A) > = 10 h/weekday or > = 8 h weekend day, > = 5 days (at least one weekend day); B) > = 10 h/weekday or > = 8 h weekend day, > = 4 days; C) > = 7 h/day, > = 3 days; D) > = 10 h/day, > = 1 day...
March 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097716/parental-knowledge-of-antibiotic-use-in-children-with-respiratory-infections-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Lourdes Cantarero-Arévalo, Mia Pavelics Hallas, Susanne Kaae
OBJECTIVE: Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is an increasing global problem. AMR threatens the effective prevention and treatment of an ever-increasing range of infections caused by bacteria, parasites, viruses and fungi. The misuse and overuse of antibiotics (AB) is the major contributor to the emergence of resistant bacteria in humans. To present and describe characteristics in parents' knowledge about when and how to use AB for an upper respiratory tract infection (URTI), their attitudes towards doctors and AB use in general, and their behaviour when their child suffers from an URTI...
February 2017: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096698/burkitt-lymphoma-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-management-challenges
#5
REVIEW
Massimo Dozzo, Francesca Carobolante, Pietro Maria Donisi, Annamaria Scattolin, Elena Maino, Rosaria Sancetta, Piera Viero, Renato Bassan
About one-half of all Burkitt lymphoma (BL) patients are younger than 40 years, and one-third belong to the adolescent and young adult (AYA) subset, defined by an age between 15 and 25-40 years, based on selection criteria used in different reports. BL is an aggressive B-cell neoplasm displaying highly characteristic clinico-diagnostic features, the biologic hallmark of which is a translocation involving immunoglobulin and c-MYC genes. It presents as sporadic, endemic, or epidemic disease. Endemicity is pathogenetically linked to an imbalance of the immune system which occurs in African children infected by malaria parasites and Epstein-Barr virus, while the epidemic form strictly follows the pattern of infection by HIV...
2017: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094077/human-papillomavirus-vaccine-series-completion-in-boys-before-and-after-recommendation-for-routine-immunization
#6
Bradley Ackerson, Rulin Hechter, Margo Sidell, Lina S Sy, Jeffrey Slezak, Chun Chao, Nilesh Patel, Hung-Fu Tseng, Steven Jacobsen
BACKGROUND: Although the incidence of HPV-attributable cancers in males is rapidly increasing, HPV vaccine uptake in males remains poor. While quadrivalent human papillomavirus vaccine (4vHPV) series initiation in males increased following the Advisory Committee Immunization Practices (ACIP) male routine use recommendation, its impact on 4vHPV series completion in males at ACIP-recommended intervals has not been evaluated in large male cohorts. We examined trends and correlates of 4vHPV completion since licensure in males in a large cohort of insured boys before and after the ACIP routine use recommendation...
January 13, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093667/low-and-increasing-trajectories-of-perpetration-of-physical-dating-violence-7-year-associations-with-suicidal-ideation-weapons-and-substance-use
#7
Pamela Orpinas, Lusine Nahapetyan, Natalia Truszczynski
Understanding the interrelation among problem behaviors and their change over time is fundamental for prevention research. The Healthy Teens Longitudinal Study followed a cohort of adolescents from Grades 6-12. Prior research identified two distinct trajectories of perpetration of physical dating violence: Low and Increasing. The purpose of this study was to examine whether adolescents in these two trajectories differed longitudinally on other problem behaviors: (1) suicidal ideation and attempts, (2) weapon-carrying and threats with a weapon, and (3) substance use, particularly alcohol and marijuana...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073796/comparative-efficacy-and-tolerability-of-pharmacological-interventions-for-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-children-adolescents-and-adults-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-network-meta-analysis
#8
Samuele Cortese, Nicoletta Adamo, Christina Mohr-Jensen, Adrian J Hayes, Sahar Bhatti, Sara Carucci, Cinzia Del Giovane, Lauren Z Atkinson, Tobias Banaschewski, Emily Simonoff, Alessandro Zuddas, Corrado Barbui, Marianna Purgato, Hans-Christoph Steinhausen, Farhad Shokraneh, Jun Xia, Andrea Cipriani, David Coghill
INTRODUCTION: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a major public health issue. Pharmacological treatments play an important role in the multimodal treatment of ADHD. Currently, there is a lack of up-to-date and comprehensive evidence on how available ADHD drugs compare and rank in terms of efficacy and tolerability, in children or adolescents as well as in adults. We will conduct a network meta-analysis (NMA), integrating direct and indirect comparisons from randomised controlled trials (RCTs), to rank pharmacological treatments for ADHD according to their efficacy and tolerability profiles...
January 10, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072460/psychosocial-interventions-for-recurrent-abdominal-pain-in-childhood
#9
REVIEW
Rebecca A Abbott, Alice E Martin, Tamsin V Newlove-Delgado, Alison Bethel, Joanna Thompson-Coon, Rebecca Whear, Stuart Logan
BACKGROUND: This review supersedes the original Cochrane review first published in 2008 (Huertas-Ceballos 2008).Between 4% and 25% of school-aged children complain of recurrent abdominal pain (RAP) severe enough to interfere with their daily activities. No organic cause for this pain can be found on physical examination or investigation for the majority of such children. Although many children are managed by reassurance and simple measures, a large range of psychosocial interventions involving cognitive and behavioural components have been recommended...
January 10, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068132/east-asian-adolescents-ethnic-identity-development-and-cultural-integration-a-qualitative-investigation
#10
Eunju Yoon, Kristen Adams, Angela Clawson, Hanna Chang, Shruti Surya, Gihane Jérémie-Brink
Drawing on the current conceptualization of acculturation/enculturation as bilinear, multidimensional processes proceeding in interaction with surrounding contexts, this study examined ethnic identity development and cultural integration of 13 adolescents from East Asian immigrant families. Five domains emerged via the Consensual Qualitative Research method: ethnic/cultural identity and socialization; bicultural living; racial context-racism and stereotypes; family context-parental expectation; and peer context-friendship/dating...
January 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060450/effects-of-increased-alcohol-availability-during-adolescence-on-the-risk-of-all-cause-and-cause-specific-disability-pension-a-natural-experiment
#11
Emelie Thern, Jeroen de Munter, Tomas Hemmingsson, George Davey Smith, Mats Ramstedt, Per Tynelius, Finn Rasmussen
AIM: To test if being exposed to increased alcohol availability during adolescence is associated with an increased risk of receiving disability pension due to all-cause, alcohol use disorders and mental disorders. DESIGN: Register-based population-based study using a natural experiment setting, the alcohol policy change in Sweden (1967-1968), with increased access to strong beer in a narrow time window and geographical area. The individuals exposed to the policy change were compared with non-exposed individuals living in the rest of Sweden, excluding a border area...
January 6, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056929/childhood-temperament-predictors-of-adolescent-physical-activity
#12
James A Janssen, Jacek Kolacz, Lilly Shanahan, Meghan J Gangel, Susan D Calkins, Susan P Keane, Laurie Wideman
BACKGROUND: Physical inactivity is a leading cause of mortality worldwide. Many patterns of physical activity involvement are established early in life. To date, the role of easily identifiable early-life individual predictors of PA, such as childhood temperament, remains relatively unexplored. Here, we tested whether childhood temperamental activity level, high intensity pleasure, low intensity pleasure, and surgency predicted engagement in physical activity (PA) patterns 11 years later in adolescence...
January 5, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056357/the-associations-of-adolescents-dating-violence-victimization-well-being-and-engagement-in-risk-behaviors
#13
Joris Van Ouytsel, Koen Ponnet, Michel Walrave
This brief report describes dating violence victimization among adolescents in Flanders, Belgium, and focuses on how dating violence is related to adolescents' well-being and engagement in risk behaviors, such as substance use, sexual behaviors, and engagement in vandalism or fighting. A survey was conducted in Flanders, Belgium among 1187 adolescents (61.3% female, n = 728). A total of 466 respondents between 16 and 22 years old (M = 17.82 years, SD = 0.92) were in a relationship (71.0% female, n = 331), and, therefore, formed the subsample of the present study...
January 2, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052773/a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-to-promote-physical-activity-in-adolescents-the-raising-awareness-of-physical-activity-raw-pa-study
#14
Nicola D Ridgers, Anna Timperio, Helen Brown, Kylie Ball, Susie Macfarlane, Samuel K Lai, Kara Richards, Winsfred Ngan, Jo Salmon
BACKGROUND: Recent technological advances provide an alternative yet underutilised opportunity for promoting physical activity in youth. The primary aim of the Raising Awareness of Physical Activity (RAW-PA) Study is to examine the short- and longer-term impact of a wearable activity monitor combined with digital behaviour change resources on adolescents' daily physical activity levels. METHODS/DESIGN: RAW-PA is a 12 week, multicomponent physical activity intervention that utilises a popular activity tracker (Fitbit® Flex) and supporting digital materials that will be delivered online via social media...
January 4, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028812/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-efficacy-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-the-management-of-pediatric-migraine
#15
REVIEW
Qin Xiang Ng, Nandini Venkatanarayanan, Lakshmi Kumar
INTRODUCTION: Migraine headaches are common in children and adolescents. Current pharmacologic treatment options are limited despite the prevalence and debilitating effects of pediatric migraine. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is an evidence-based practice that focuses on the development of coping strategies and cognitive restructuring to alter the pain experience. Till date, no meta-analysis has been done to examine the use of CBT in pediatric migraine. METHODS: Using the keywords (cognitive behavioral therapy OR cognitive behavior therapy OR cognitive behavioral therapy OR cognitive behavior therapy OR CBT) AND (headache OR migraine), a preliminary search on the PubMed and Ovid database yielded 3841 articles published in English between 1 Jan 1980 and 1 May 2016...
December 28, 2016: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025733/antibiotic-induced-liver-injury-in-paediatric-outpatients-a-case-control-study-in-primary-care-databases
#16
Carmen Ferrajolo, Katia M C Verhamme, Gianluca Trifirò, Geert W 't Jong, Gino Picelli, Carlo Giaquinto, Giampiero Mazzaglia, Bruno H Stricker, Francesco Rossi, Annalisa Capuano, Miriam C J M Sturkenboom
INTRODUCTION: Antibiotics are the most commonly prescribed drug class in children. Real-world data mining on the paediatric population showed potential associations between antibiotic use and acute liver injury. OBJECTIVE: We assessed risk estimates of liver injury associated with antibiotic use in children and adolescent outpatients. METHODS: A large, multi-database, population-based, case-control study was performed in people <18 years of age from two European countries (Italy and The Netherlands) during the period 2000-2008...
December 26, 2016: Drug Safety: An International Journal of Medical Toxicology and Drug Experience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009937/needle-aspiration-versus-incision-and-drainage-for-the-treatment-of-peritonsillar-abscess
#17
REVIEW
Brent A Chang, Andrew Thamboo, Martin J Burton, Chris Diamond, Desmond A Nunez
BACKGROUND: Peritonsillar abscess is a common infection presenting as a collection of pus in the peritonsillar area. The condition is characterised by a severe sore throat, difficulty in swallowing and pain on swallowing, fever and malaise, and trismus. Needle aspiration and incision and drainage are the two main treatment modalities currently used in the treatment of this condition. The effectiveness of one versus the other has not been clearly demonstrated and remains an area of debate...
December 23, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005688/respiratory-syncytial-virus-infection-associated-hospitalization-rates-in-infants-and-children-with-cystic-fibrosis
#18
Jakob Metz, Ernst Eber, Bernhard Resch
BACKGROUND: Infections with respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) are the leading cause for hospital admissions in infants and young children. The incidence of RSV-related hospitalizations in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) is unclear. To date no effective treatment for RSV infections is available. Thus, prophylaxis with the monoclonal antibody palivizumab is an important option. METHODS: In a retrospective, single-center study at the Department of Paediatrics and Adolescent Medicine of the Medical University Graz, Austria, we analyzed all CF patients born between 1995 and 2012, who were admitted for respiratory problems between 1995 and 2014...
December 21, 2016: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005228/patterns-of-dating-violence-victimization-and-perpetration-among-latino-youth
#19
H Luz McNaughton Reyes, Vangie A Foshee, May S Chen, Susan T Ennett
Theory and research suggest that there may be significant heterogeneity in the development, manifestation, and consequences of adolescent dating violence that is not yet well understood. The current study contributed to our understanding of this heterogeneity by identifying distinct patterns of involvement in psychological, physical, and sexual dating violence victimization and perpetration in a sample of Latino youth (n = 201; M = 13.87 years; 42% male), a group that is understudied, growing, and at high risk for involvement in dating violence...
December 22, 2016: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997522/second-and-third-line-antiretroviral-therapy-for-children-and-adolescents-a-scoping-review
#20
Erica Lazarus, Simone Nicol, Lisa Frigati, Martina Penazzato, Mark F Cotton, Elizabeth Centeno-Tablante, Avy Violari, Liesl Nicol
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization (WHO) identified a need for evidence to inform revision of second and third-line antiretroviral therapy (ART) options in children failing ART. We performed an in-depth scoping review of all available literature on second and subsequent line ART regimens in children younger than 18 years. METHODS: We comprehensively searched, without language or date limitations, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), MEDLINE, EMBASE, the WHO International Clinical Trials Registry Platform and ClinicalTrials...
December 15, 2016: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
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