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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551888/effects-of-long-term-exposure-to-traffic-related-air-pollution-on-lung-function-in-children
#1
REVIEW
Erica S Schultz, Augusto A Litonjua, Erik Melén
Lung function in early life has been shown to be an important predictor for peak lung function in adults and later decline. Reduced lung function per se is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. With this review, we aim to summarize the current epidemiological evidence on the effect of traffic-related air pollution on lung function in children and adolescents. We focus in particular on time windows of exposure, small airway involvement, and vulnerable sub-groups in the population. Findings from studies published to date support the notion that exposure over the entire childhood age range seems to be of importance for lung function development...
June 2017: Current Allergy and Asthma Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548291/practitioner-review-empirical-evolution-of-youth-psychotherapy-toward-transdiagnostic-approaches
#2
REVIEW
Lauren Krumholz Marchette, John R Weisz
BACKGROUND: Psychotherapy for children and adolescents (herein, 'youths') has grown more precise and focused over the decades, shifting toward empirically supported treatments standardized via therapist manuals. The manuals have increasingly emphasized precise targeting of single disorders or problems, or homogenous clusters. These focal treatments represent a valuable advance, with intervention benefit documented in hundreds of studies. However, relatively few of these treatments are widely used in everyday clinical practice, and their level of benefit may not be ideal, particularly in practice contexts and when compared to usual clinical care...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546885/a-prospective-study-of-adolescents-sexual-partnerships-on-emerging-adults-relationship-satisfaction-and-intimate-partner-aggression
#3
Monica A Longmore, Wendy D Manning, Jennifer E Copp, Peggy C Giordano
We examined whether the influence of adolescents' sexual partnerships, both dating and casual, carried over to affect emerging adults' relationship satisfaction and experiences of intimate partner aggression. Analyses of longitudinal data from the Toledo Adolescent Relationships Study (n = 294) showed that net of control variables (delinquency, depression, family violence, relational and sociodemographic characteristics), adolescents' number of dating, but not casual, sexual partners led to greater odds of intimate partner aggression during emerging adulthood...
December 2016: Emerging Adulthood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544496/suicide-attempts-and-self-injurious-behaviours-in-adolescent-and-adult-patients-with-borderline-personality-disorder
#4
Marianne Goodman, Irene Alvarez Tomas, Christina M Temes, Garrett M Fitzmaurice, Blaise A Aguirre, Mary C Zanarini
OBJECTIVE: Prevalence data on self-mutilation and suicide attempts for adolescent borderline personality disorder (BPD) are currently not available. The purpose of this paper was to determine the frequency and methods of two forms of physically self-destructive acts (i.e. self-mutilation and suicide attempts) reported by adolescent borderline inpatients in one of the largest samples to date and to compare these results with a similarly diagnosed and assessed group of adult borderline inpatients...
May 22, 2017: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542017/children-with-single-sided-deafness-use-their-cochlear-implant
#5
Melissa Jane Polonenko, Blake Croll Papsin, Karen Ann Gordon
OBJECTIVES: To assess acceptance of a cochlear implant (CI) by children with single-sided deafness (SSD) as measured by duration of CI use across daily listening environments. DESIGN: Datalogs for 7 children aged 1.1 to 14.5 years (mean ± SD: 5.9 ± 5.9 years old), who had SSD and were implanted in their deaf ear, were anonymized and extracted from their CI processors. Data for all available follow-up clinical appointments were included, ranging from two to six visits...
May 24, 2017: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541508/self-efficacy-and-short-term-adherence-to-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-treatment-in-children
#6
Melissa S Xanthopoulos, Ji Young Kim, Michael Blechner, Ming-Yu Chang, Mary Kate Menello, Christina Brown, Edward Matthews, Terri E Weaver, Justine Shults, Carole L Marcus
Study Objectives: Infants, children and adolescents are increasingly being prescribed continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) for treatment of obstructive sleep apnea (OSAS), yet adherence is often poor. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between caregiver and patient-reported health cognitions about CPAP prior to starting CPAP, and CPAP adherence at one month. We hypothesized that greater caregiver-reported self-efficacy would be positively associated with CPAP adherence in children...
May 24, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535703/nutritional-status-and-height-weight-and-bmi-centiles-of-school-aged-children-and-adolescents-6-18-years-from-kinshasa-drc
#7
R Augustin Buhendwa, Mathieu Roelants, Martine Thomis, E Constant Nkiama
BACKGROUND: The last study to establish centiles of main anthropometric measurements in Kinshasa was conducted over 60 years ago, which questions its current adequacy to describe or monitor growth in this population. AIM: To assess the nutritional status of school-aged children and adolescents and to estimate centile curves of height, weight and body mass index (BMI). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A representative sample of 7541 school-aged children and adolescents (48% boys) aged 6-18 years was measured between 2010-2013...
May 23, 2017: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530851/chondral-injuries-and-irreparable-meniscal-tears-among-adolescents-with-anterior-cruciate-ligament-or-meniscal-tears-are-more-common-in-patients-with-public-insurance
#8
Ariel A Williams, Nickolas S Mancini, Matthew J Solomito, Carl W Nissen, Matthew D Milewski
BACKGROUND: Access to health care services is a critical component of health care reform and may differ among patients with different types of insurance. Hypothesis/Purpose: The purpose was to compare adolescents with private and public insurance undergoing surgery for anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and/or meniscal tears. We hypothesized that patients with public insurance would have a delayed presentation from the time of injury and therefore would have a higher incidence of chondral injuries and irreparable meniscal tears and lower preoperative International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) scores than patients with private insurance...
May 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530334/-from-theory-to-practice-implementing-the-bio-psycho-social-model-in-clinical-and-research-activities-in-the-beer-sheva-mental-health-center
#9
Hagit Cohen, Doron Todder
The Beer Sheva Mental Health Center is the second largest mental health hospital in Israel and provides acute and chronic in-patient services for the entire population of the Southern District of Israel, from Ashdod to Eilat (about 1.2 million people) from adolescence to the elderly. The outpatient services include a variety of regional specialty services such as bipolar, eating disorders, anxiety, neuromodulation, gender-oriented, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, sleep, dual diagnosis, geronto-psychiatry and post-traumatic stress disorder clinics and various rehabilitation day-care services...
December 2016: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530041/hiv-healthcare-transition-outcomes-among-youth-in-north-america-and-europe-a-review
#10
Vicki Tepper, Stefanie Zaner, Patrick Ryscavage
INTRODUCTION: The transition from paediatric to adult care poses risks to the health of young adults living with HIV if unsuccessful, including interruptions in care and poor health outcomes. Evolving best practices in HIV healthcare transition should ideally be informed by real-world qualitative and quantitative clinical healthcare transition outcomes. There has been a recent proliferation of HIV healthcare transition outcome research, largely from Europe and North America. METHODS: A literature search was undertaken using the online databases PubMed, Web of Science, and Google Scholar...
May 16, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530040/adolescents-with-hiv-and-transition-to-adult-care-in-the-caribbean-central-america-and-south-america-eastern-europe-and-asia-and-pacific-regions
#11
Heather Bailey, Maria Letícia Santos Cruz, Wipaporn Natalie Songtaweesin, Thanyawee Puthanakit
INTRODUCTION: The HIV epidemics in the Caribbean, Central America and South America (CCASA), Eastern Europe (EE) and Asia and Pacific (AP) regions are diverse epidemics affecting different key populations in predominantly middle-income countries. This narrative review describes the populations of HIV-positive youth approaching adolescence and adulthood in CCASA, EE and AP, what is known of their outcomes in paediatric and adult care to date, ongoing research efforts and future research priorities...
May 16, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530037/where-do-hiv-infected-adolescents-go-after-transfer-tracking-transition-transfer-of-hiv-infected-adolescents-using-linkage-of-cohort-data-to-a-health-information-system-platform
#12
Mary-Ann Davies, Priscilla Tsondai, Nicki Tiffin, Brian Eley, Helena Rabie, Jonathan Euvrard, Catherine Orrell, Hans Prozesky, Robin Wood, Dolphina Cogill, Andreas D Haas, Annette H Sohn, Andrew Boulle
INTRODUCTION: To evaluate long-term outcomes in HIV-infected adolescents, it is important to identify ways of tracking outcomes after transfer to a different health facility. The Department of Health (DoH) in the Western Cape Province (WCP) of South Africa uses a single unique identifier for all patients across the health service platform. We examined adolescent outcomes after transfer by linking data from four International epidemiology Databases to Evaluate AIDS Southern Africa (IeDEA-SA) cohorts in the WCP with DoH data...
May 16, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528243/overvalued-ideation-in-adolescents-with-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#13
Tania Borda, Fugen Neziroglu, William Taboas, Dean McKay, Leah Frenkiel
In Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD), overvalued ideas (OVI) are considered poor prognostic indicators in adults. To date, OVI has not been studied in an adolescent population with OCD, nor has it been examined in relation to obsessive-compulsive beliefs. To investigate the relationship between OVI and specific cognitions, fifty-five adolescents with OCD (35 male; 20 female; age range 13-17 years; M=14.05 years, SD=1.75 years) participated. It was predicted that OVI would be associated with symptom severity and would moderate obsessive-compulsive beliefs and functional disability...
May 3, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526994/adolescent-s-health-behaviors-and-risk-for-insulin-resistance-a-review-of-the-literature
#14
REVIEW
Jill L Kaar, Stacey L Simon, Sarah J Schmiege, Kristen J Nadeau, Megan M Kelsey
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: One-third of US adolescents are obese, and related comorbidities exist in this population. Preventing early indicators of these diseases, such as insulin resistance (IR), may impact future morbidity and mortality. Interventions to date have only focused on diet or exercise. Additional targets to prevent disease are needed. This paper reviews the evidence in adolescents examining multiple health behaviors that have been associated with IR. RECENT FINDINGS: Health behaviors (i...
July 2017: Current Diabetes Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520584/eating-disorders-and-bone-metabolism-in-women
#15
Lauren Robinson, Nadia Micali, Madhusmita Misra
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Eating Disorders are psychiatric disorders associated with a high risk for low bone mineral density (BMD) and fractures. Low BMD is a consequence of undernutrition, changes in body composition, and hormonal alterations. This review summarizes recent findings regarding novel strategies for assessing bone outcomes in patients with eating disorders, factors contributing to altered bone metabolism, and possible therapeutic strategies. RECENT FINDINGS: Emerging research in this field suggests that not only anorexia nervosa, but also bulimia nervosa results in lower BMD compared to controls...
May 16, 2017: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28517946/why-be-moral-moral-identity-motivation-and-age
#16
Tobias Krettenauer, Rosemary Victor
Moral identity research to date has largely failed to provide evidence for developmental trends in moral identity, presumably because of restrictions in the age range of studies and the use of moral identity measures that are insensitive to age-related change. The present study investigated moral identity motivation across a broad age range (14-65 years, M = 33.48; N = 252) using a modified version of the Good Self-Assessment Interview. Individuals' moral identity motivation was coded and categorized as external, internal, or relationship-oriented...
May 18, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515834/better-health-related-fitness-in-youth-implications-for-public-health-guidelines
#17
Mitch Barton, Allen W Jackson, Scott B Martin, James R Morrow, Trent A Petrie, Christy A Greenleaf
Public health guidelines for physical activity (PA) behaviors are being updated with 2018 as a proposed release date. Currently, ≥60 minutes of daily PA are recommended for youth. Thus, the purpose of this study was to investigate the association between reported days of aerobic PA and health-related fitness (HRF). Participants included 4448 students in grades 6-8. Self-reported days of ≥60 minutes of aerobic PA was obtained. HRF was assessed with FitnessGram. Discriminant analysis indicated that weekly days of aerobic PA related to HRF...
2017: International Journal of Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515109/updated-review-of-prevalence-of-major-risk-factors-and-use-of-screening-tests-for-cancer-in-the-united-states
#18
Ann Goding Sauer, Rebecca L Siegel, Ahmedin Jemal, Stacey A Fedewa
Much of the suffering and death from cancer could be prevented by more systematic efforts to reduce tobacco use and obesity, improve diet, and increase physical activity and use of established vaccines and screening tests. Monitoring the prevalence of cancer risk factors and preventive tests helps guide cancer prevention and early detection efforts. We provide an updated review, using data through 2015, of the prevalence of major risk factors, cancer screening, and vaccination for U.S. adults and youth. Cigarette smoking among adults decreased to 15...
May 17, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513541/promoting-healthy-lifestyle-and-well-being-in-adolescents-through-outdoor-physical-activity
#19
Karel Fromel, Michal Kudlacek, Dorota Groffik, Zbynek Svozil, Adam Simunek, Wieslaw Garbaciak
Health-enhancing physical activities (PA) performed outdoors could markedly contribute to the adoption of a healthy lifestyle in adolescence. The differences between PA preferences and actual opportunities for these PA are an issue that has received frequent attention. To date, the extent to which these differences are reflected in adolescents meeting PA recommendations and their well-being has not been explored. In total, 10,086 respondents took part in an on-line research project regarding PA preferences...
May 17, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508300/the-symbolic-nature-of-trust-in-heterosexual-adolescent-romantic-relationships
#20
Jerika C Norona, Deborah P Welsh, Spencer B Olmstead, Chloe F Bliton
Trust contributes to young people's capacity for sustaining current and future successful relationships. To date, research has yet to examine the meaning of trust in early dating relationships and reasons for its deterioration. The present study focused on video-recorded conversations about trust between 34 heterosexual adolescent couples in dating relationships living in the U.S. Transcripts from these conversations were qualitatively analyzed using thematic analysis to identify adolescents' meanings of trust and reasons they provided for a lack of trust in their romantic partners...
May 15, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
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