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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447333/efficacy-and-tolerability-of-lithium-in-treating-acute-mania-in-youth-with-bipolar-disorder-protocol-for-a-systematic-review
#1
A Duffy, S Patten, S Goodday, A Weir, N Heffer, A Cipriani
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological, clinical, and high-risk studies have provided evidence that the peak period for onset of diagnosable episodes of mania and hypomania starts in mid-to-late adolescence. Moreover, clinically significant manic symptoms may occur even earlier, especially in children at familial risk. Lithium is the gold standard treatment for acute mania in adults, yet to our knowledge, there is no published systematic review assessing lithium treatment of mania in children or adolescents...
December 2017: International Journal of Bipolar Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446555/higher-serum-25-oh-d-concentrations-are-associated-with-improved-fev1-and-fvc-in-adolescence
#2
Claudia Flexeder, Elisabeth Thiering, Sibylle Koletzko, Dietrich Berdel, Irina Lehmann, Andrea von Berg, Barbara Hoffmann, Carl-Peter Bauer, Joachim Heinrich, Holger Schulz
Vitamin D plays a role in the development of the immune system and the lung, as well as in airway remodelling. Therefore, this study investigated the association between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) concentrations and spirometric lung function parameters at age 15 years.In the German birth cohorts GINIplus and LISAplus, lung function testing by spirometry and 25(OH)D measurements were performed during the 15-year follow-up examinations. Valid lung function measurements pre- and/or post-bronchodilation and serum 25(OH)D concentrations, which were adjusted for the date of blood sampling to account for seasonal variability, were available for 2607 adolescents...
April 2017: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441171/prevalence-of-psychopathology-in-children-of-parents-with-mental-illness-and-or-addiction-an-up-to-date-narrative-review
#3
Sophie Leijdesdorff, Karin van Doesum, Arne Popma, Rianne Klaassen, Therese van Amelsvoort
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Children of parents with a mental illness and/or addiction are at high risk for developing a mental illness themselves. Parental mental illness is highly prevalent leading to a serious number of children at high risk. The aim of this review is to give an up-to-date overview of psychopathology in children of parents with various mental illnesses and/or addiction, based on recent literature. RECENT FINDINGS: Worldwide, 15-23% of children live with a parent with a mental illness...
April 22, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440126/transcranial-doppler-screening-for-stroke-risk-in-children-with-sickle-cell-disease-a-systematic-review
#4
Sara Mazzucco, Marina Diomedi, Amrana Qureshi, Laura Sainati, Soundrie T Padayachee
Background Sickle cell disease (SCD) is one of the most common causes of stroke in children worldwide. Based on the results of the Stroke Prevention Trial in Sickle Cell Anemia (STOP), annual transcranial Doppler ultrasound (TCD) screening for affected children is standard practice. However, the need for TCD surveillance programs could override the accuracy of the screening, affecting the correct stratification of stroke risk and subsequent clinical management of the target population. Aims To shed light on this issue, a systematic review of the literature on TCD screening for children and adolescents with SCD was carried out (CRD42016050549), according to a list of clinically relevant questions, with a particular focus on screening practices in European countries...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438661/systematic-review-of-the-potential-adverse-effects-of-caffeine-consumption-in-healthy-adults-pregnant-women-adolescents-and-children
#5
Daniele Wikoff, Brian T Welsh, Rayetta Henderson, Gregory P Brorby, Janice Britt, Esther Myers, Jeffrey Goldberger, Harris R Lieberman, Charles O'Brien, Jennifer Peck, Milton Tenebein, Connie Weaver, Seneca Harvey, Jonathan Urban, Candace Doepker
To date, one of the most heavily cited assessments of caffeine safety in the peer-reviewed literature is that issued by Health Canada (Nawrot et al., 2003). Since then, >10,000 papers have been published related to caffeine, including hundreds of reviews on specific human health effects; however, to date, none have compared the wide range of topics evaluated by Nawrot et al. (2003). Thus, as an update to this foundational publication, we conducted a systematic review of data on potential adverse effects of caffeine published from 2001 to June 2015...
April 7, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438523/predictors-of-early-childbirth-among-female-adolescents-in-foster-care
#6
Bryn King, Melissa Van Wert
PURPOSE: Placement into foster care is driven by a number of factors, many of which are associated with adolescent childbirth. Yet, there are few studies that identify the experiences and characteristics that predict adolescent childbirth among girls who spend time in foster care. METHODS: A longitudinal, population-based data set was constructed by probabilistically matching California child protective service records for female foster youth to maternal information available on vital birth records for children born between 2001 and 2010...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438249/the-acceptance-of-dating-violence-scale-adv-psychometric-properties-of-the-spanish-version
#7
Liria Fernández-González, Esther Calvete, Izaskun Orue
BACKGROUND: The main aim of this study was to analyse the psychometric properties of the Spanish version of the Acceptance of Dating Violence (ADV) scale, which assesses attitudes that justify the use of aggression in adolescents’ dating relationships. METHOD: A total of 1,579 high school students (49% girls) from Bizkaia (Spain), aged between 14 and 18 years (M = 15.79, SD = 1.16), completed this questionnaire along with the Irrational Beliefs Scale for Adolescents and the Conflict in Adolescent Dating Relationships Inventory...
May 2017: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436135/psychiatric-medication-use-before-and-after-the-onset-of-type-1-diabetes-in-children-and-adolescents-a-population-based-cohort-study
#8
Soulmaz Fazeli Farsani, Heshu Abdullah-Koolmees, Patrick C Souverein, Anthonius de Boer, Aukje K Mantel-Teeuwisse
BACKGROUND: Several studies showed a bidirectional association between type 2 diabetes and psychiatric disorders in adults. Because there is limited information on the association between type 1 diabetes (T1D) and psychiatric disorders (including psychiatric medication use) in children and adolescents, we assessed frequency of use of these medications before and after the onset of T1D. METHODS: A population-based cohort study was conducted in the Dutch PHARMO Record Linkage System (1999-2009)...
April 24, 2017: Pediatric Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435337/treatment-strategies-for-the-female-athlete-triad-in-the-adolescent-athlete-current-perspectives
#9
REVIEW
Jill Thein-Nissenbaum, Erin Hammer
Since the passage of Title IX in 1972, female sports participation has dramatically increased. The benefits of physical activity, including decreased risk for heart disease and diabetes as well as improved body image and self-esteem, far outweigh the risks. However, a select population of adolescent and young adult females may experience symptoms related to the female athlete triad (Triad), which refers to the interrelatedness of energy availability, menstrual function, and bone mineral density (BMD). These conditions often manifest clinically as disordered eating behaviors, menstrual irregularity, and stress fractures; an individual may suffer from 1 or all of the Triad components simultaneously...
2017: Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432570/vascular-and-endothelial-function-in-youth-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#10
REVIEW
Amy S Shah, Elaine M Urbina
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review aims to discuss the burden of type 2 diabetes in youth and summarize the studies that have utilized noninvasive techniques to assess early vascular disease in youth with type 2 diabetes. RECENT FINDINGS: Noninvasive imaging modalities provide researchers with tools to investigate the vasculature in adolescents with type 2 diabetes. The data published to date consistently show adolescents with type 2 diabetes have greater vascular thickness and stiffness and worse endothelial function compared to their obese and lean peers...
June 2017: Current Diabetes Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429638/an-unusual-presentation-of-a-cervical-paraspinal-leiomyoma-in-an-adolescent-female
#11
Jeffrey A Swarz, Arayamparambil C Anilkumar, Douglas C Miller, N Scott Litofsky, Tomoko Tanaka
Objective We describe an apparently unique case of an extra-uterine leiomyoma in the cervical paraspinus including its evaluation and management. Methods A 14-year-old girl was referred to the neurology clinic for an abnormal head CT following a concussion. MRI revealed a homogenously enhancing left cervical paraspinal mass. The patient underwent complete resection and subsequent genetic testing and counseling were obtained to determine the presence of Li-Fraumeni Syndrome (LFS) or Hereditary Leiomyomatosis and Renal Cell Cancer (HLRCC) mutations...
January 1, 2017: Pediatric and Developmental Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428979/use-of-consumer-wearable-devices-to-promote-physical-activity-a-review-of-health-intervention-studies
#12
Steven S Coughlin, Jessica Stewart
BACKGROUND: Although many wearable devices for monitoring and tracking physical activity are available to consumers, relatively few research studies have been conducted to determine their efficacy in promoting health. METHODS: In this article, data on the use of consumer wearable devices in promoting healthy behaviors are summarized based upon bibliographic searches in PubMed and Psychology and Behavioral Sciences Collection with relevant search terms through September 2016...
November 2016: Journal of Environment and Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418401/weak-associations-between-pubertal-development-and-psychiatric-and-behavioral-problems
#13
E Smith-Woolley, K Rimfeld, R Plomin
Pubertal development has been associated with adverse outcomes throughout adolescence and adulthood. However, much of the previous literature has categorized outcome variables and pubertal timing measures for ease of mean difference or odds ratio interpretation. We use a UK-representative sample of over 5000 individuals drawn from the Twins Early Development Study to extend this literature by adopting an individual differences approach and emphasizing effect sizes. We investigate a variety of psychiatric and behavioral measures collected longitudinally at ages 11, 14 and 16, for multiple raters and for males and females separately...
April 18, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414591/violence-victimization-social-support-and-papanicolaou-smear-outcomes-a-longitudinal-study-from-adolescence-to-young-adulthood
#14
Hsing-Fang Hsieh, Justin E Heinze, Ian Lang, Ritesh Mistry, Anne Buu, Marc A Zimmerman
BACKGROUND: African American youth are among those at greatest risk for experiencing violence victimization. Notably, the mortality rate of cervical cancer for African American women is also twice that of white women. To date, we know of no literature using longitudinal data to examine how violence victimization relates to Papanicolaou (Pap) smear results or cervical cancer in this population. Our study examines how violence victimization during adolescence (age 15 to 18) influences psychological distress, perceived social support, heavy substance abuse, and sexual risk behaviors during emerging adulthood (age 20 to 23), and subsequent Pap smear outcomes during young adulthood (age 29 to 32)...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413921/preventing-the-onset-of-child-sexual-abuse-by-targeting-young-adolescents-with-universal-prevention-programming
#15
Elizabeth J Letourneau, Cindy M Schaeffer, Catherine P Bradshaw, Kenneth A Feder
Child sexual abuse (CSA) is a serious public health problem that increases risk for physical and mental health problems across the life course. Young adolescents are responsible for a substantial portion of CSA offending, yet to our knowledge, no validated prevention programs that target CSA perpetration by youth exist. Most existing efforts to address CSA rely on reactive criminal justice policies or programs that teach children to protect themselves; neither approach is well validated. Given the high rates of desistance from sexual offending following a youth's first CSA-related adjudication, it seems plausible that many youth could be prevented from engaging in their first offense...
May 2017: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408767/prevalence-and-correlates-of-physical-dating-violence-among-north-american-indigenous-adolescents
#16
Dane S Hautala, Kelley J Sittner Hartshorn, Brian Armenta, Les Whitbeck
This study examined the lifetime prevalence of physical dating violence, including victimization, perpetration, and the overlap between the two (mutual violence) among a population sample of 551 reservation/reserve residing Indigenous (i.e., American Indian and Canadian First Nations) adolescents in the upper-Midwest of the United States and Canada. Potential correlates of four dating violence profiles (i.e., no dating violence, perpetration-only, victimization-only, and mutual violence) relevant to this population also were considered...
April 2017: Youth & Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404502/modelling-adverse-treatment-outcomes-of-hiv-infected-adolescents-attending-public-sector-hiv-clinics-in-lusaka
#17
I Fwemba, P Musonda
BACKGROUND: In resource-limited setting, there is scarce evidence comparing antiretroviral therapy (ART) outcomes among HIV-infected adolescents to that of other age groups. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: We analysed data from 25 ART facilities in Lusaka District, comparing treatment-naïve ART-eligible young adolescents (10-14 years), older adolescents (15-19) and young adults (20-24 years) initiating first-line ART to those aged 24 years or older. The adjusted relative risk (RR) of failure to achieve an adequate CD4 response (defined as failure to increase CD4 count by ≥ 50 cells/mm(3) at 6 months or by ≥ 100 cells/mm(3)) at 6 or 12 months after ART initiation was modelled using log-binomial regression...
March 6, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403052/second-and-third-line-antiretroviral-therapy-for-children-and-adolescents-a-scoping-review
#18
REVIEW
Erica Lazarus, Simone Nicol, Lisa Frigati, Martina Penazzato, Mark F Cotton, Elizabeth Centeno-Tablante, Avy Violari, Liesl Nicol
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization identified a need for evidence to inform revision of second- and third-line antiretroviral therapy (ART) options in children failing ART. We performed an in-depth scoping review of all available literature on second-line and subsequent ART regimens in children younger than 18 years. METHODS: We comprehensively searched, without language or date limitations, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, MEDLINE, EMBASE, the World Health Organization's International Clinical Trials Registry Platform and ClinicalTrials...
May 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401838/poverty-early-care-and-stress-reactivity-in-adolescence-findings-from-a-prospective-longitudinal-study-in-south-africa
#19
R M Pasco Fearon, Mark Tomlinson, Robert Kumsta, Sarah Skeen, Lynne Murray, Peter J Cooper, Barak Morgan
A considerable body of evidence suggests that early caregiving may affect the short-term functioning and longer term development of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical axis. Despite this, most research to date has been cross-sectional in nature or restricted to relatively short-term longitudinal follow-ups. More important, there is a paucity of research on the role of caregiving in low- and middle-income countries, where the protective effects of high-quality care in buffering the child's developing stress regulation systems may be crucial...
May 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397183/prepubertal-ultra-low-dose-estrogen-therapy-is-associated-with-healthier-lipid-profile-than-conventional-estrogen-replacement-for-pubertal-induction-in-adolescent-girls-with-turner-syndrome-preliminary-results
#20
Anna Ruszala, Malgorzata Wojcik, Agata Zygmunt-Gorska, Dominika Janus, Joanna Wojtys, Jerzy B Starzyk
PURPOSE: The metabolic effects of prepubertal low-dose estrogen replacement (LE) therapy in Turner syndrome (TS) have not been fully investigated to date. The present study aimed to compare glucose and lipids metabolism in adolescents with TS on LE and conventional estrogen replacement (CE). METHODS: In 14 TS (mean age 13.8), LE (17β-estradiol, 62.5 μg daily) was introduced before age 12 (mean age 10.5), and followed by a pubertal induction regimen after age 12, and in 14 CE was started after age 12 (mean 14, SD 1...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
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