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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108844/cultural-identity-among-afghan-and-iraqi-traumatized-refugees-towards-a-conceptual-framework-for-mental-health-care-professionals
#1
Simon P N Groen, Annemiek Richters, Cornelis J Laban, Walter L J M Devillé
Cultural identity in relation with mental health is of growing interest in the field of transcultural psychiatry. However, there is a need to clarify the concept of cultural identity in order to make it useful in clinical practice. The purpose of this study is to unravel the complexity and many layers of cultural identity, and to assess how stress and acculturation relate to (changes in) cultural identity. As part of a larger study about cultural identity, trauma, and mental health, 85 patients from Afghanistan and Iraq in treatment for trauma-related disorders were interviewed with a Brief Cultural Interview...
January 20, 2017: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108422/role-of-microglia-autophagy-in-microglia-activation-after-traumatic-brain-injury
#2
Yichao Jin, Ran Wang, Shaofeng Yang, Xiaohua Zhang, Jiong Dai
OBJECTIVE: Role of microglia autophagy in microglia activation after traumatic brain injury (TBI) remains elusive. Here, we evaluated role of microglia autophagy in microglia activation after traumatic brain injury (TBI) in rats. METHODS: TBI was induced by a fluid percussion TBI device. All rats were killed at 24 h after TBI. The ipsilateral hippocampus in all rats was analyzed with hematoxylin and eosin staining; Immunohistochemistry and western blotting of IBA-1 was used to determine the changes of microglia activation; Double staining of microtubule-associated protein light chain 3 (LC-3), Beclin-1 and IBA-1 was used to assess the changes of microglia autophagy; enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) of tumor necrosis factor receptor-alpha (TNF-α) and interleukin-1β (IL-1β) was used to evaluate the changes of inflammatory responses; terminal deoxynucleoitidyl transferase mediated nick end labeling staining (TUNEL) was used to determine cell death in ipsilateral hippocampus...
January 17, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108403/risk-of-cement-leakage-and-pulmonary-embolism-by-bone-cement-augmented-pedicle-screw-fixation-of-the-thoracolumbar-spine
#3
Insa Janssen, Yu-Mi Ryang, Jens Gempt, Stefanie Bette, Julia Gerhardt, Jan Kirschke, Bernhard Meyer
BACKGROUND: Cement augmented pedicle screw instrumentation (CAPSI) of the thoracolumbar spine is indicated in osteoporosis or osteopenia to improve pullout strength and biomechanical stability of pedicle screws (PS). Only few studies report on the incidence of pulmonary cement embolism or other complications associated with CAPSI. PURPOSE: Aim of this retrospective study was to assess the rate of CAPSI associated complications. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study...
January 17, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108319/how-the-changes-in-the-system-affect-trauma-care-provision-the-assessment-of-and-implications-for-lithuanian-trauma-service-performance-in-2007-2012
#4
Žilvinas Dambrauskas, Vytautas Aukštakalnis, Aurika Karbonskienė, Dmitrijus Kačiurinas, Jolanta Vokietienė, Robertas Lapka, Algimantas Pamerneckas, Narūnas Porvaneckas, Kęstutis Stašaitis, Nedas Jasinskas, Paulius Dobožinskas, Dinas Vaitkaitis, Raimundas Lunevičius
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify and assess the effects of changes in the Lithuanian trauma service from 2007 to 2012. We postulate that the implications derived from this study will be of importance to trauma policy planners and makers in Lithuania and throughout other countries of Eastern and Central Europe. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Out of 10,390 trauma admissions to four trauma centers in 2007, 294 patients (2.8%) were randomly selected for the first arm of a representative study sample...
January 6, 2017: Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108189/the-longitudinal-impact-of-an-internet-safety-decision-aid-for-abused-women
#5
Nancy E Glass, Nancy A Perrin, Ginger C Hanson, Tina L Bloom, Jill T Messing, Amber S Clough, Jacquelyn C Campbell, Andrea C Gielen, James Case, Karen B Eden
INTRODUCTION: Women experiencing intimate partner violence (IPV) navigate complex, dangerous decisions. Tailored safety information and safety planning, typically provided by domestic violence service providers, can prevent repeat IPV exposure and associated adverse health outcomes; however, few abused women access these services. The Internet represents a potentially innovative way to connect abused women with tailored safety planning resources and information. The purpose of this study was to compare safety and mental health outcomes at baseline, 6 months, and 12 months among abused women randomized to: (1) a tailored, Internet-based safety decision aid; or (2) control website (typical safety information available online)...
January 17, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107900/quality-of-sleep-in-renal-transplant-recipients-and-patients-on-hemodialysis
#6
Paraskevi G Liaveri, Dimitris Dikeos, Ioannis Ilias, Eirini P Lygkoni, Ioannis N Boletis, Chryssanthi Skalioti, Thomas Paparrigopoulos
BACKGROUND: Sleep disorders are very common in patients with chronic kidney disease and they may not always subside after kidney transplantation. AIM AND METHODS: The aim of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate the self-reported quality of sleep, insomnia problems in particular, and examine the factors that disturb sleep of kidney transplant recipients (KTx: n=152) in comparison to age- and sex-matched patients on dialysis (HD: n=67) and participants with normal renal function (NOR: n=49), through the administration of the Athens Insomnia Scale (AIS) at least six months after transplantation...
February 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107899/childhood-trauma-perpetrated-by-close-others-psychiatric-dysfunction-and-urological-symptoms-in-patients-with-interstitial-cystitis-bladder-pain-syndrome
#7
Chui-De Chiu, Ming-Huei Lee, Wei-Chih Chen, Hoi Lam Ho, Huei-Ching Wu
BACKGROUND: A psychosocial phenotype of interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome (IC/BPS), a urogenital condition without known organic causes, was proposed. While psychosocial variables, including interpersonal maltreatment and negative affect, were studied in association with IC/BPS, the specificities of the relationships between childhood trauma by close others, psychiatric dysfunctions (negative affect and post-traumatic psychopathology), and urogenital symptoms have not been established...
February 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107789/open-access-platforms-in-spinal-cord-injury
#8
John L K Kramer, Fred Geisler, Leanne Ramer, Ward Plunet, Jacquelyn J Cragg
Recovery from acute spinal cord injury (SCI) is characterized by extensive heterogeneity, resulting in uncertain prognosis. Reliable prediction of recovery in the acute phase benefits patients and their families directly, as well as improves the likelihood of detecting efficacy in clinical trials. This issue of heterogeneity is not unique to SCI. In fields such as traumatic brain injury, Parkinson's disease, and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, one approach to understand variability in recovery has been to make clinical trial data widely available to the greater research community...
January 1, 2017: Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107629/discovery-of-1-2-3-triazole-derivatives-for-multimodality-pet-ct-cryoimaging-of-myelination-in-the-central-nervous-system
#9
Chunying Wu, Brendan Eck, Sheng Zhang, Junqing Zhu, Anand Dev Tiwari, Yifan Zhang, Yunjie Zhu, Jinming Zhang, Bin Wang, Xizhen Wang, Xu Wang, Jingqiang You, Jian Wang, Yihui Guan, Xingdang Liu, Xin Yu, Bruce D Trapp, Robert Miller, Jerry Silver, David Wilson, Yanming Wang
Myelin pathology is present in many neurological conditions such as multiple sclerosis (MS) and traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI). To facilitate development of novel therapies aimed at myelin repair, we set out to develop imaging agents that permit direct quantification of myelination in vivo. In this work, we designed and synthesized a series of fluorescent fluorinated myelin imaging agents that can be used for in vivo positron emission tomography (PET) imaging combined with subsequent post-mortem fluorescent cryoimaging...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107485/better-visual-outcome-by-intraocular-lens-ejection-in-geriatric-patients-with-ruptured-ocular-injuries
#10
Hiroki Kaneko, Tetsu Asami, Tadasu Sugita, Taichi Tsunekawa, Toshiyuki Matsuura, Kei Takayama, Kentaro Yamamoto, Shu Kachi, Yasuki Ito, Shinji Ueno, Norie Nonobe, Keiko Kataoka, Ayana Suzumura, Takeshi Iwase, Hiroko Terasaki
Ocular trauma is one of the leading causes of visual impairment worldwide. Because of the popularity of cataract surgeries, aged individuals with ocular trauma commonly have a surgical wound in their eyes. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the visual outcome of cases that were coincident with intraocular lens (IOL) ejection in the eyes with ruptured open-globe ocular injuries. Consecutive patients with open-globe ocular injuries were first reviewed. Patients' characteristics, corrected distance visual acuities (CDVAs) over 3 years after the trauma, causes of injuries, traumatic wound patterns, and coexistence of retinal detachment were examined...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107370/neuronal-injury-and-glial-changes-are-hallmarks-of-open-field-blast-exposure-in-swine-frontal-lobe
#11
Srinivasu Kallakuri, Alok Desai, Ke Feng, Sharvani Tummala, Tal Saif, Chaoyang Chen, Liying Zhang, John M Cavanaugh, Albert I King
With the rapid increase in the number of blast induced traumatic brain injuries and associated neuropsychological consequences in veterans returning from the operations in Iraq and Afghanistan, the need to better understand the neuropathological sequelae following exposure to an open field blast exposure is still critical. Although a large body of experimental studies have attempted to address these pathological changes using shock tube models of blast injury, studies directed at understanding changes in a gyrencephalic brain exposed to a true open field blast are limited and thus forms the focus of this study...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107311/performance-of-international-classification-of-diseases-based-injury-severity-measures-used-to-predict-in-hospital-mortality-and-intensive-care-admission-among-traumatic-brain-injured-patients
#12
Mathieu Gagné, Lynne Moore, Marie-Josée Sirois, Marc Simard, Claudia Beaudoin, Brice Lionel Batomen Kuimi
BACKGROUND: The International Classification of Diseases (ICD) is the main classification system used for population-based traumatic brain injury (TBI) surveillance activities but does not contain direct information on injury severity. International Classification of Diseases-based injury severity measures can be empirically derived or mapped to the Abbreviated Injury Scale, but no single approach has been formally recommended for TBI. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the accuracy of different ICD-based injury severity measures for predicting in-hospital mortality and intensive care unit (ICU) admission in TBI patients...
February 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107176/integrating-neurobiology-of-emotion-regulation-and-trauma-therapy-reflections-on-emdr-therapy
#13
Anabel González, Lucía Del Río-Casanova, Ania Justo-Alonso
Emotion dysregulation is a frequent feature in trauma-related disorders. Different kinds of emotion dysregulation seem to be linked to particular psychiatric conditions, and there is growing evidence of the association between neurobiological correlates and those dysregulation patterns. Nevertheless, many of the recent findings from the field of the neurobiology have not been translated into clinical practice and are insufficiently contemplated in trauma-oriented therapies. The aim of this article is to review recent developments in the field of emotion regulation connecting these issues with the practical implementation of psychotherapeutic procedures...
January 20, 2017: Reviews in the Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107161/art-therapy-exhibitions-exploitation-or-advocacy
#14
Terri Davis
Promoting awareness of human trafficking by sharing trauma survivors' art and summaries of their life stories suggests ethical complexities that have been typically neglected by bioethicists. Although these survivors voluntarily share the objects they created during art therapy sessions, they are still at risk of harm, including further exploitation, due to their vulnerability, high rates of victim sensitivity, and the mental health consequences of their traumatic experiences. While some argue that the benefits of sublimation and art therapy for human trafficking survivors make sharing their art worth the risk, anti-trafficking organizations and supporters of such art exhibitions have responsibilities to be trauma informed...
January 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106617/determinants-of-health-knowledge-and-health-perceptions-from-the-perspective-of-health-related-education-of-patients-with-spinal-cord-injury-a-systematic-review
#15
Piotr Tederko, Tomasz Krasuski, Marek Krasuski, Alicja Długołęcka, Beata Tarnacka
Appropriate health knowledge (HK) and health perceptions (HP) of patients with spinal cord injury (SCI) are linked to health-related behaviors, compliance, the involvement of caregivers and efficacy of prophylaxis, and management of secondary conditions. The significance of factors determining the efficacy of educational interventions in patients with SCI is underestimated. This systematic literature review aims at identification of determinants of HK and HP among patients with SCI. We identified 16 papers with quantitative HK and HP measurements conclusive in the identification of HK and HP determinants in individuals with SCI...
January 18, 2017: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Revue Internationale de Recherches de Réadaptation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106051/hepatic-alterations-are-accompanied-by-changes-to-bile-acid-transporter-expressing-neurons-in-the-hypothalamus-after-traumatic-brain-injury
#16
Damir Nizamutdinov, Sharon DeMorrow, Matthew McMillin, Jessica Kain, Sanjib Mukherjee, Suzanne Zeitouni, Gabriel Frampton, Paul Clint S Bricker, Jacob Hurst, Lee A Shapiro
Annually, there are over 2 million incidents of traumatic brain injury (TBI) and treatment options are non-existent. While many TBI studies have focused on the brain, peripheral contributions involving the digestive and immune systems are emerging as factors involved in the various symptomology associated with TBI. We hypothesized that TBI would alter hepatic function, including bile acid system machinery in the liver and brain. The results show activation of the hepatic acute phase response by 2 hours after TBI, hepatic inflammation by 6 hours after TBI and a decrease in hepatic transcription factors, Gli 1, Gli 2, Gli 3 at 2 and 24 hrs after TBI...
January 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105985/impact-of-traumatic-brain-injury-on-dopaminergic-transmission
#17
Yuan-Hao Chen, Eagle Yi-Kung, Tung-Tai Kuo, Jonathan Miller, Yung-Hsiao Chiang, Barry J
Brain trauma is often associated with severe morbidity and is a major public health concern. Even when injury is mild and no obvious anatomic disruption is seen, many individuals suffer disabling neuropsychological impairments such as memory loss, mood dysfunction, substance abuse, and adjustment disorder. These changes may be related to subtle disruption of neural circuits as well as functional changes at the neurotransmitter level. In particular, there is considerable evidence that dopamine physiology in the nigrostriatal and mesocorticolimbic pathways might be impaired after TBI...
January 20, 2017: Cell Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105893/-it-will-get-even-better-preliminary-findings-from-a-trauma-focused-psychotherapy-effectiveness-study-reveal-false-positive-patients-long-term-outcome-expectations-after-the-treatment
#18
Evaldas Kazlauskas, Lina Jovarauskaite, Egle Mazulyte, Paulius Skruibis, Migle Dovydaitiene, Jonas Eimontas, Paulina Zelviene
BACKGROUND: There is considerable evidence that outcome expectations may predict psychotherapy outcomes. However, little is known about the long-term outcome expectations following the end of the treatment. AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate patients' long-term outcome expectations after trauma-focused post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) psychotherapy in a single group effectiveness study. METHODS: Twenty participants with various traumatic experiences who completed the Brief Eclectic Psychotherapy for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (BEPP) and all the assessments were included into the study...
January 20, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105726/biological-stress-indicators-as-risk-markers-for-increased-alcohol-use-following-traumatic-experiences
#19
Sebastian Trautmann, Markus Muehlhan, Clemens Kirschbaum, Hans-Ulrich Wittchen, Michael Höfler, Tobias Stalder, Susann Steudte-Schmiedgen
Alcohol misuse is a common sequela of traumatic event experiences causing considerable morbidity and mortality. Although biological stress indicators have been identified as useful risk markers for the development of trauma-related disorders, no such biological indicators exist for the risk of increased alcohol use after trauma exposure. This is the first study to prospectively investigate the predictive value of long-term cortisol levels and acute stress reactivity for the risk of increased alcohol use following traumatic events...
January 20, 2017: Addiction Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105481/-thoracic-injuries-in-severely-injured-children-association-with-increased-injury-severity-and-a-higher-number-of-complications
#20
Philipp Störmann, Julia Nadine Weber, Heike Jakob, Ingo Marzi, Dorien Schneidmueller
BACKGROUND: Severely injured children and adolescents in clinical practice are rare. For adequate treatment of these patients, detailed knowledge of anatomical and physiological peculiarities, as well as abundant injury patterns, are indispensable. Traumatic brain injuries are known to lead to an unfavorable outcome. In addition, thoracic trauma is regarded as prognostically unfavorable. OBJECTIVES: This study depicts epidemiology and injury patterns of severely injured children and adolescents focusing on peculiarities in the severely injured with associated thoracic injuries...
January 19, 2017: Der Unfallchirurg
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