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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327849/-effect-of-free-roaming-dogs-culling-on-the-control-of-canine-rabies
#1
Ricardo Castillo-Neyra, Michael Z Levy, Cesar Náquira
In the Peruvian city of Arequipa, rabid dogs have been detected since March 2015, signaling the reintroduction of the rabies virus (RV) in this previously officially-declared rabies free zone. High dog density is considered one of the causes for the continuous transmission of the RV in the outbreak in the city of Arequipa, which seemingly lends support to the culling of dogs as a public health measure. However, the effectiveness of culling free-roaming dogs to control urban rabies has not been evaluated. Objective to determine the effectiveness of free-roaming dog culling as a control measure of urban rabies...
October 2016: Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318130/blue-nevus-like-and-blue-nevus-associated-melanoma-a-comprehensive-review-of-the-literature
#2
REVIEW
Thore L Borgenvik, Tina M Karlsvik, Saikat Ray, Monica Fawzy, Nick James
BACKGROUND: Malignant blue nevus, blue nevus-associated melanoma and blue nevus-like melanoma are all terms used to describe malignant melanomas arising from, in association with, or resembling blue nevi. This review is aimed at summarizing the available literature to reduce the confusion surrounding this rare malignancy, and aid the surgeon in choosing further diagnostic or therapeutic measures. METHODS: We conducted a search of Medline, Embase, Science Direct, Scopus and the Cochrane Library for all full text articles published in English that reported on a malignant melanoma arising from, in association with, or resembling a blue nevus...
March 20, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317125/referenceless-magnetic-resonance-temperature-imaging-using-gaussian-process-modeling
#3
Joshua P Yung, David Fuentes, Christopher J MacLellan, Florian Maier, Yannis Liapis, John D Hazle, R Jason Stafford
PURPOSE: During magnetic resonance (MR)-guided thermal therapies, water proton resonance frequency shift (PRFS) based MR temperature imaging can quantitatively monitor tissue temperature changes. It is widely known that the PRFS technique is easily perturbed by tissue motion, tissue susceptibility changes, magnetic field drift, and modality-dependent applicator induced artifacts. Here a referenceless Gaussian process modeling (GPM) based estimation of the PRFS is investigated as a methodology to mitigate unwanted background field changes...
March 20, 2017: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296054/modified-retroperitoneal-lymph-node-dissection-for-postchemotherapy-residual-tumor-a-long-term-update
#4
Jane S Cho, Hristos Z Kaimakliotis, K Clint Cary, Timothy A Masterson, Stephen Beck, Richard Foster
OBJECTIVES: To update previously reported outcomes of modified template postchemotherapy retroperitoneal lymph node dissection (PC-RPLND) in appropriately selected patients with metastatic non-seminomatous germ cell tumor (NSGCT). Our previous report was criticized for short follow-up. Herein, we provide a long-term update on this cohort. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred patients with normal serum markers after cisplatin-based chemotherapy and residual retroperitoneal tumor underwent modified PC-RPLND between 1991 and 2004...
March 13, 2017: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292569/indocyanine-green-applications-in-plastic-surgery-a-review-of-the-literature
#5
Pierre Burnier, Jérémy Niddam, Romain Bosc, Barbara Hersant, Jean-Paul Meningaud
INTRODUCTION: Use of indocyanine green (ICG) near-infrared fluorescence as a dye to assess tissue vascularization is now well standardized. The aim of this literature review was to review and resume the most recent recommendations for ICG use in its plastic surgery applications. METHODS: A systematic literature review was performed using Medline, EMBASE, and PubMed databases to obtain the latest recommendations for ICG in plastic surgery. Inclusion criteria were all articles written in English language that evaluated pre-, intra-, or postoperative ICG applications in surgical procedures usually performed by plastic surgeons...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242226/biokinetic-model-for-nitrogen-removal-in-free-water-surface-constructed-wetlands
#6
S Gargallo, M Martín, N Oliver, C Hernández-Crespo
In this article, a mechanistic biokinetic model for nitrogen removal in free water surface constructed wetlands treating eutrophic water was developed, including organic matter performance due to its importance in nitrogen removal by denitrification. Ten components and fourteen processes were introduced in order to simulate the forms of nitrogen and organic matter, the mechanisms of autotrophic and heterotrophic microorganisms in both aerobic and anoxic conditions, as well as macrophytes nitrogen uptake and release...
February 24, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240616/use-of-electronic-health-records-by-nurses-for-symptom-management-in-inpatient-settings-a-systematic-review
#7
Mustafa Ozkaynak, Blaine Reeder, Lilian Hoffecker, Mary Beth Makic, Karen Sousa
Symptom management is one of the essential functions of nurses in inpatient settings; yet, little is understood about the manner in which nurses use electronic health records for symptom documentation. Therefore, the purpose of this systematic review is to characterize nurses' use of electronic health records for documentation of symptom assessment and management in inpatient settings, to inform design studies that better support electronic health records for patient symptom management by nurses. We searched the Ovid Medline (1946-current), Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (EBSCO, 1981-current), and Excerpta Medica Database (Embase...
February 25, 2017: Computers, Informatics, Nursing: CIN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237786/tract-sizes-in-miniaturized-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy-a-systematic-review-from-the-european-association-of-urology-urolithiasis-guidelines-panel
#8
Yasir Ruhayel, Abdulkadir Tepeler, Saeed Dabestani, Steven MacLennan, Aleš Petřík, Kemal Sarica, Christian Seitz, Andreas Skolarikos, Michael Straub, Christian Türk, Yuhong Yuan, Thomas Knoll
CONTEXT: Miniaturized instruments for percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PNL), utilizing tracts sized ≤22 Fr, have been developed in an effort to reduce the morbidity and increase the efficiency of stone removal compared with standard PNL (>22 Fr). OBJECTIVE: We systematically reviewed all available evidence on the efficacy and safety of miniaturized PNL for removing renal calculi. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: The review was performed according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses statement...
February 22, 2017: European Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225850/the-influence-of-morphological-awareness-on-reading-and-writing-a-systematic-review
#9
Ainoã Athaide Macedo Silva, Vanessa de Oliveira Martins-Reis
Purpose: this study aimed to perform a systematic review of national and international studies about the relationship between morphological awareness, reading/writing, reading comprehension, and spelling. Research strategies: a search for national and international literature was carried out using databases Medline (via PubMed) and Portal de Periódicos da Capes (Eric, PsycINFO, LILACS, SciELO) from August to September 2015. Selection criteria: the inclusion criteria were: studies that answered the guiding question and addressed the subject matter established by the descriptors and keywords...
February 16, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224760/a-tree-parenchyma-coupled-model-for-lung-ventilation-simulation
#10
N Pozin, S Montesantos, I Katz, M Pichelin, I Vignon-Clementel, C Grandmont
In this article we develop a lung-ventilation model. The parenchyma is described as an elastic homogenized media. It is irrigated by a space-filling dyadic resistive pipe network, which represents the tracheo-bronchial tree. In this model the tree and the parenchyma are strongly coupled. The tree induces an extra viscous term in the system constitutive relation, which leads, in the finite element framework, to a full matrix. We consider an efficient algorithm that takes advantage of the tree structure to enable a fast matrix-vector product computation...
February 22, 2017: International Journal for Numerical Methods in Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211163/new-functional-assays-to-selectively-quantify-the-apc-and-tfpi-cofactor-activities-of-protein-s-in-plasma
#11
N Alshaikh, J Rosing, M C L G D Thomassen, E Castoldi, P Simioni, T M Hackeng
BACKGROUND: Protein S plays an important role in the down-regulation of coagulation as cofactor for activated protein C (APC) and tissue factor pathway inhibitor (TFPI). AIM: To develop functional assays to quantify the APC- and TFPI-cofactor activities of protein S in plasma. METHODS: APC- and TFPI-cofactor activities of protein S in plasma were measured using calibrated automated thrombography in protein S-depleted plasma supplemented with a small amount of sample plasma either in the presence of anti-TFPI antibodies and APC (APC-cofactor activity) or at excess full-length TFPI without APC (TFPI-cofactor activity)...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis: JTH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204931/postero-inferior-pedicle-surgical-technique-for-the-treatment-of-grade-iii-gynecomastia
#12
Sophie Thiénot, Nicolas Bertheuil, Raphaël Carloni, Cécile Méal, Sylvie Aillet, Christian Herlin, Eric Watier
INTRODUCTION: Surgical treatment of Grade III gynecomastia generally utilizes mastectomy techniques and free transplantation of the nipple-areola complex. Moreover, with rising obesity rates and the development of bariatric surgery, an increasing demand for correctional surgery for pseudogynecomastia has been observed, which is comparable to Grade III gynecomastia in terms of its surgical management. Here, we describe an innovative technique to deal with these new demands: fascio-cutaneous flap by postero-inferior pedicle...
February 15, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203515/curvilinear-segmental-mandibular-reconstruction-utilizing-distraction-osteogenesis-and-early-open-callus-manipulation
#13
Alberto Rocha Pereira, Paulo Neves, José Rosa, Scott Bartlett
The authors present a new technique for reconstruction of large curvilinear mandibular defects with distraction osteogenesis and early open callus manipulation. In phase 1, transport disks are created from mandibular bone and distracted across the entire length of the defect, without the restriction from a mandible plate fixation. This allows for full-length distraction until enough regenerate is obtained to reconstruct the defect without the need for additional bone grafts. Taking advantage of the soft moldable regenerate, the second and final operative procedure allows for the manipulation, repositioning, and fixation of the transported segments in the ideal position creating perfect tridimensional form and symmetry of the mandible arch...
January 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187517/selective-cysteine-modification-of-metal-free-human-metallothionein-1a-and-its-isolated-domain-fragments-solution-structural-properties-revealed-via-esi-ms
#14
Gordon W Irvine, Melissa Santolini, Martin J Stillman
Human metallothionein 1a, a protein with two cysteine-rich metal-binding domains (α with 11 Cys and β with 9), was analyzed in its metal-free form by selective, covalent Cys modification coupled with ESI-MS techniques. The modification profiles of the isolated β- and α-fragments reacted with p-benzoquinone (Bq), N-ethylmalemide (NEM) and iodoacetamide (IAM) were compared with the full length protein using ESI-mass spectral data to follow the reaction pathway. Under denaturing conditions at low pH, the reaction profile with each modifier followed pathways that resulted in stochastic, Normal distributions of species whose maxima was equal to the mol...
February 10, 2017: Protein Science: a Publication of the Protein Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177570/studying-the-effect-of-physically-adsorbed-coating-polymers-on-the-cytotoxic-activity-of-optimized-bisdemethoxycurcumin-loaded-plga-nanoparticles
#15
Mina Mehanny, Rania M Hathout, Ahmed S Geneidi, Samar Mansour
The aim of this work was to study the effect of different physically-adsorbed coating polymers on the cytotoxic activity of optimized bisdemethoxycurcumin (BDMC) loaded-PLGA nanoparticles. BDMC-loaded poly(DL-lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) nanoparticles were prepared adopting the nanoprecipitation technique according to a full factorial study design. The effects of three independent variables each at two levels, namely: the polymer type, polymer concentration, and poly vinyl alcohol concentration were studied...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176980/ga-c-dots-as-an-antibacterial-agent-for-the-eradication-of-pseudomonas-aeruginosa
#16
Vijay Bhooshan Kumar, Michal Natan, Gila Jacobi, Ze'ev Porat, Ehud Banin, Aharon Gedanken
The opportunistic pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa causes infections that are difficult to treat by antibiotic therapy. This research article reports on the synthesis of gallium (Ga) doped in carbon (C)-dots (Ga@C-dots) and their antimicrobial activity against free-living P. aeruginosa bacteria. The synthesis of Ga@C-dots was carried out by sonicating molten Ga (for 2.5 h) in polyethylene glycol-400, which acts as both a medium and carbon source. The resultant Ga@C-dots, having an average diameter of 9±2 nm, showed remarkably enhanced antibacterial activity compared with undoped C-dots...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163495/using-multistate-observational-studies-to-determine-role-of-hypertension-and-diabetes-as-risk-factors-for-dementia
#17
Mitasha Singh, Des Raj, Sunil Kumar Raina, Manoj Kumar Gandhi, Vishav Chander
BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests that modifiable risk factors which can be targeted by prevention are vascular diseases, such as diabetes, midlife hypertension (HTN), midlife obesity, midlife cholesterol, mid- and late-life depression as well as lifestyle factors such as smoking, physical inactivity, and poor diet. METHODS: A comprehensive search of the National Library of Medicine's PubMed database and Google Scholar was conducted. A combinations of medical subject headings and free text words that included search terms related to the exposure (e...
December 2016: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160405/distribution-of-trans-resveratrol-and-its-metabolites-after-acute-or-sustained-administration-in-mouse-heart-brain-and-liver
#18
Marie-Claude Menet, Stephanie Baron, Meryam Taghi, Remi Diestra, Delphine Dargère, Olivier Laprévote, Valérie Nivet-Antoine, Jean-Louis Beaudeux, Tatiana Bédarida, Charles-Henry Cottart
SCOPE: Trans-resveratrol is widely studied for its potentially beneficial effects on numerous disorders. It is rapidly metabolized and its metabolites can exhibit biological activity. The present study aimed to investigate whether acute or sustained trans-resveratrol administration impacted on the distribution of trans-resveratrol and its metabolites in brain, heart, and liver. METHODS AND RESULTS: We used UHPLC-Q-TOF in full-scan mode to identify and assess large numbers of resveratrol metabolites...
February 3, 2017: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160055/earlobe-reduction-with-minimally-visible-scars-the-sub-antitragal-groove-technique
#19
Lennert Van Putte, Steven D M Colpaert
BACKGROUND: Ptosis of the earlobe is a common consequence of ageing, defined as an unappealingly large free caudal segment of over 5 mm. It is therefore important to consider reduction as a complement to rhytidectomy in selected patients. Moreover, facelifting operations can result in disproportionate or poorly positioned earlobes. Current earlobe-reducing techniques can leave a scar on the free lateral edge causing notching or involve complex pattern excisions with limited resection capability and the risk of deformities...
February 3, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116813/efficacy-of-flattening-filter-free-beam-in-stereotactic-body-radiation-therapy-planning-and-treatment-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Thu M Dang, Mitchell J Peters, Brigid Hickey, Adam Semciw
A linear accelerator with the flattening-filter removed generates a non-uniform dose profile beam. We aimed to analyse and compare plan quality and treatment time between flattened beam (FB) and flattening-filter-free (FFF) beam to assess the efficacy of FFF beam for stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT). The search strategy was based around 3 concepts; radiation therapy, flattening-filter-free and treatment delivery. The years searched were restricted from 2010 to date of review (October 2015). All plan quality comparisons were between FFF and FB plans from the same data sets...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology
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