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fat embolism syndrome

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279787/acute-chest-syndrome-in-children-with-sickle-cell-disease
#1
REVIEW
Shilpa Jain, Nitya Bakshi, Lakshmanan Krishnamurti
Acute chest syndrome (ACS) is a frequent cause of acute lung disease in children with sickle cell disease (SCD). Patients may present with ACS or may develop this complication during the course of a hospitalization for acute vaso-occlusive crises (VOC). ACS is associated with prolonged hospitalization, increased risk of respiratory failure, and the potential for developing chronic lung disease. ACS in SCD is defined as the presence of fever and/or new respiratory symptoms accompanied by the presence of a new pulmonary infiltrate on chest X-ray...
December 1, 2017: Pediatric Allergy, Immunology, and Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259931/bone-marrow-necrosis-and-fat-embolism-syndrome-a-dreadful-complication-of-hemoglobin-sickle-cell-disease
#2
Eduardo Pelegrineti Targueta, André Carramenha de Góes Hirano, Fernando Peixoto Ferraz de Campos, João Augusto Dos Santos Martines, Silvana Maria Lovisolo, Aloisio Felipe-Silva
Sickle cell disease encompasses a wide range of genotypic presentation with particular clinical features. The entity affects millions of people, particularly those whose ancestors came from sub-Saharan Africa and other countries in the Western Hemisphere, Saudi Arabia, and India. Currently, the high frequency of S and C genes reflects natural selection through the protection of heterozygotes against severe malaria, the high frequency of consanguineous marriages, improvement of some public health policies and the nutritional standards in the poorer countries where newborns are now living long enough to present for diagnosis and management...
October 2017: Autopsy & Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182088/perinatal-maternal-mortality-in-sickle-cell-anemia-two-case-reports-and-review-of-the-literature
#3
Sanaa Rizk, Elizabeth D Pulte, David Axelrod, Samir K Ballas
As outcomes of patients with sickle cell anemia improve and survival into adulthood with good quality of life and expectation of long-term survival becomes more common, challenges have developed, including issues related to reproduction. Pregnancy is frequently complicated in patients with sickle cell anemia with mortality up to 4.0%. Here we report maternal perinatal mortality in two women with sickle cell anemia who died post-partum due to acute chest syndrome (ACS), caused by bone marrow fat embolism and review the literature pertinent to this subject...
November 28, 2017: Hemoglobin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179902/mediastinal-epipericardial-fat-necrosis-an-overlooked-and-little-known-cause-of-acute-chest-pain-mimicking-acute-coronary-syndrome
#4
Gabriela Gayer
Necrosis of the fat adjacent to the heart, referred to as pericardial fat necrosis, epipericardial fat necrosis, and mediastinal fat necrosis, is a rare, self-limited condition. It presents as a sudden onset of severe chest pain that mimics symptoms of pulmonary embolism and acute coronary syndrome. Computed tomography (CT) findings are quite typical and consist of a round- or oval-shaped mass-like lesion containing soft tissue and fat density components in the cardiophrenic space. Lack of familiarity with this condition has led in the past to surgical interventions to remove the mass-like mediastinal fat necrosis...
December 2017: Seminars in Ultrasound, CT, and MR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170189/characteristic-imaging-findings-in-pulmonary-fat-embolism-syndrome-fes
#5
Sidney Ching Liang Ong, Viknesh Balasingam
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 23, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169714/-idiopathic-nephrotic-syndrome
#6
O Boyer, V Baudouin, E Bérard, C Dossier, V Audard, V Guigonis, I Vrillon
Nephrotic syndrome (NS) is defined by massive proteinuria and hypoalbuminemia, with resulting hyperlipidemia and edema. The most common cause of NS in children is idiopathic nephrotic syndrome (INS), also called nephrosis. Its annual incidence has been estimated to 1-4 per 100,000 children and varies with age, race, and geography. Many agents or conditions have been reported to be associated with INS such as infectious diseases, drugs, allergy, vaccinations, and malignancies. The disease may occur during the 1st year of life, but it usually starts between the ages of 2 and 7 years...
December 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123567/neurological-effects-of-fat-embolism-syndrome-a-case-report
#7
Emma Shacklock, Andrew Gemmell, Nigel Hollister
Fat embolism syndrome is a serious multi-system pathology which classically affects the respiratory system, neurological system and causes a petechial rash. We present the case of a 20-year-old farmer who developed fat embolism syndrome following a traumatic femoral fracture. Features developed within 24 h of injury and necessitated a prolonged stay in Intensive Care. He exhibited significant signs of cerebral fat embolism syndrome including coma and seizures but went on to make full functional recovery. Magnetic resonance imaging is the recommended imaging modality for patients with suspected cerebral fat embolism...
November 2017: Journal of the Intensive Care Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076330/assessment-of-correlation-between-time-period-and-risk-of-fat-embolism-after-liposuction-animal-model
#8
Kwang Ryeol Lim, Jeong-Min Cho, Chung-Min Yoon, Keun-Cheol Lee, Sang-Yun Lee, Mi-Ha Ju
Background: Liposuction has become one of the most frequently performed operation among the aesthetic surgical field recently. Fat embolism syndrome after liposuction is overlooked or underestimated easily. Occasionally, fulminating fat embolism syndrome could be developed and lead to critical situation within 2-3 days after lipoplasty. Time period changes in amount of circulating fat particle and histology of major organs are not studied yet. Methods: This study was conducted using 18 male Sprague Dawley rats aged 12weeks and weighing 500-628g (562g on average)...
October 27, 2017: Archives of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066903/fat-embolism-after-fractures-in-duchenne-muscular-dystrophy-an-underdiagnosed-complication-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
David Feder, Miriam Eva Koch, Beniamino Palmieri, Fernando Luiz Affonso Fonseca, Alzira Alves de Siqueira Carvalho
Duchenne muscular dystrophy is the most frequent lethal genetic disease. Several clinical trials have established both the beneficial effect of steroids in Duchenne muscular dystrophy and the well-known risk of side effects associated with their daily use. For many years it has been known that steroids associated with ambulation loss lead to obesity and also damage the bone structure resulting in the bone density reduction and increased incidence of bone fractures and fat embolism syndrome, an underdiagnosed complication after fractures...
2017: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066650/subarachnoidal-fat-droplet-deposition-and-fat-embolism-syndrome
#10
Keisuke Yamamoto, Shigeki Kushimoto
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 24, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062816/fat-embolism-syndrome-in-femoral-shaft-fractures-does-the-initial-treatment-make-a-difference
#11
Jânio José Alves Bezerra Silva, Diogo de Almeida Diana, Victor Eduardo Roman Salas, Caio Zamboni, José Soares Hungria Neto, Ralph Walter Christian
OBJECTIVE: To identify the risk factors correlated with the initial treatment performed. METHODS: This is a retrospective study involving a total of 272 patients diagnosed with femoral shaft fractures. Of the patients, 14% were kept at rest until the surgical treatment, 52% underwent external fixation, 10% received immediate definitive treatment, and 23% remained in skeletal traction (23%) until definitive treatment. RESULTS: There were six cases of fat embolism syndrome (FES), which showed that polytrauma is the main risk factor for its development and that initial therapy was not important...
September 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051628/deadly-acute-decompression-sickness-in-risso-s-dolphins
#12
A Fernández, E Sierra, J Díaz-Delgado, S Sacchini, Y Sánchez-Paz, C Suárez-Santana, M Arregui, M Arbelo, Y Bernaldo de Quirós
Diving air-breathing vertebrates have long been considered protected against decompression sickness (DCS) through anatomical, physiological, and behavioural adaptations. However, an acute systemic gas and fat embolic syndrome similar to DCS in human divers was described in beaked whales that stranded in temporal and spatial association with military exercises involving high-powered sonar. More recently, DCS has been diagnosed in bycaught sea turtles. Both cases were linked to human activities. Two Risso's dolphin (Grampus griseus) out of 493 necropsied cetaceans stranded in the Canary Islands in a 16-year period (2000-2015), had a severe acute decompression sickness supported by pathological findings and gas analysis...
October 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947428/fat-attacks-a-case-of-fat-embolisation-syndrome-postliposuction
#13
Adam Ali, George Theobald, Mohammed Asif Arshad
Liposuction is a procedure commonly performed in the UK usually with a low incidence of serious sequelae; however with larger patients and increased volumes of lipoaspirate, complications have been reported more frequently. One of the rare but very serious complications postliposuction is fat embolism syndrome (FES), a life-threatening condition difficult to diagnose and limited in treatment.The authors present the case of a 45-year-old woman who was admitted to the intensive care unit postelective liposuction for bilateral leg lipoedema...
September 25, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932982/cerebral-fat-embolism-recognition-complications-and-prognosis
#14
Daniel Agustín Godoy, Mario Di Napoli, Alejandro A Rabinstein
Fat embolism syndrome (FES) is a rare syndrome caused by embolization of fat particles into multiple organs including the brain. It typically manifests with petechial rash, deteriorating mental status, and progressive respiratory insufficiency, usually occurring within 24-48 h of trauma with long-bone fractures or an orthopedic surgery. The diagnosis of FES is based on clinical and imaging findings, but requires exclusion of alternative diagnoses. Although there is no specific treatment for FES, prompt recognition is important because it can avoid unnecessary interventions and clarify prognosis...
September 20, 2017: Neurocritical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910912/-percutaneous-catheterization-for-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-a-retrospective-case-series
#15
X Y Li, H Y He, X Tang, R Wang, C Y Zhang, S Q Wang, B Sun, Z H Tong
Objective: To review the experience of percutaneous catheterization for extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) by respiratory intensivists at a single institution. Methods: A retrospective review of 87 patients undergoing percutaneous catheterization for ECMO in Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine of Beijing Chaoyang Hospital from November 2009 to January 2017. Subject demographics, type of support, cannulation configuration, types of cannulas, use of imaging modalities, and complications were recorded and summarized...
September 12, 2017: Chinese Journal of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871382/beyond-stroke-uncommon-causes-of-diffusion-restriction-in-the-basal-ganglia
#16
Alok A Bhatt, Justin L Brucker, Jeevak Almast
In the emergency setting, a regional area of restricted diffusion involving the basal ganglia typically represents an acute infarct due to small vessel occlusion. However, it is important to consider additional differentials, specifically systemic causes. This article will review anatomy of the basal ganglia and pertinent associated vasculature, followed by other entities that can be a cause of restricted diffusion. These include hemolytic uremic syndrome, hypereosinophilic syndrome, fat embolism, meningitis, and hypoxic-ischemic injury...
September 4, 2017: Emergency Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828108/rare-imaging-of-a-known-entity-fat-embolism-seen-on-ct-in-lower-extremity-vein-after-trauma
#17
Varun Chowdhary, Varun Mehta, Tushar Bajaj, Jonathan Scheiner
Fat embolism occurs in the vast majority of patients who have had trauma (approximately 90%). The most common occurrence is after long bone fracture. It has also been noted in cases after orthopedic surgery. Fat embolism is most often diagnosed when the clinical manifestations of fat embolism syndrome become apparent. Reported cases of fat emboli in transit are unusual. In our case, we present the rare finding of fat embolism seen on computed tomography in the lower extremity after a trauma.
September 2017: Radiology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667706/an-autopsy-case-of-non-traumatic-fat-embolism-syndrome
#18
Mai Sakashita, Shingo Sakashita, Akiko Sakata, Noriko Uesugi, Kazunori Ishige, Ichinosuke Hyodo, Masayuki Noguchi
Fat embolism syndrome (FES) occurs after long bone fractures and the symptoms appear 24-72 h after the initial trauma. Fat emboli can affect both the pulmonary and systemic circulation. Apart from the most common type of FES that originates from bone fracture, non-traumatic FES has been also reported. We have experienced an autopsy case of non-traumatic FES. An 81-year-old man with hepatocellular carcinoma associated with alcoholic liver cirrhosis suddenly lost consciousness before transcatheter arterial chemoembolization treatment for his disease and died 5 h after the episode...
September 2017: Pathology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662607/integrating-fat-embolism-syndrome-scoring-indices-in-sickle-cell-disease-a-practice-management-review
#19
Keneisha Bailey, Jagila Wesley, Adebayo Adeyinka, Louisdon Pierre
Fat embolism syndrome (FES) has been described in the literature as a rare complication of sickle cell disease (SCD). A review article published in 2005 reported 24 cases of FES associated with SCD. In many cases, a definitive diagnosis of FES in SCD is made on autopsy because of the lack of early recognition and the paucity of sensitive and specific testing for this syndrome. Patients with FES usually have a fulminant, rapidly deteriorating clinical course with mortality occurring within the first 24 hours...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656454/fat-embolism-syndrome
#20
Anselmo Caricato, Giovanni Russo, Daniele Guerino Biasucci, Maria Giuseppina Annetta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Intensive Care Medicine
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