keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Spinal injury

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648042/-effects-of-lappaconitine-on-pain-and-inflammatory-response-of-severely-burned-rats-and-the-mechanism
#1
C L Yang, Z R Wei, T H Zhang, X Q Zeng, B H Wu
Objective: To explore the effects of lappaconitine (LA) on pain and inflammatory response of severely burned rats and the mechanism. Methods: Forty SD rats were divided into healthy+ normal saline group, sham injury+ normal saline group, pure burn group, burn+ LA group, and healthy+ LA group according to the random number table (the same dividing method below), with 8 rats in each group. Rats in pure burn and burn+ LA groups were inflicted with about 32% total body surface area deep partial-thickness scald (hereinafter referred to as burn) on the back and right hind...
June 20, 2017: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648010/-experience-of-sun-s-procedure-for-chronic-type-b-dissection-with-aortic-arch-involvement
#2
R D Qi, J M Zhu, L Chen, C N Li, Z Y Qiao, L J Cheng, Y P Ge, H O Hu, Y Xia, X Y Xing, T Zheng, Y M Liu, L Z Sun
Objective: To study the surgical treatment of chronic type B dissection with aortic arch involvement using Sun's procedure. Methods: Between February 2009 and December 2015, 29 patients [20 males, 9 females, with a mean age of (41±12) years, range 24-64 years] with type B dissection with aortic arch involvement underwent Sun's procedure. Sixteen patient had a history of hypertension. Marfan syndrome was observed in 9 cases, coronary artery disease in 3 cases, mitral regurgitation in 3 patients, cerebrovascular disease in one patient...
June 27, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647550/longitudinal-prediction-of-quality-of-life-scores-and-locomotion-in-individuals-with-traumatic-spinal-cord-injury
#3
Shivayogi V Hiremath, Nathan S Hogaboom, Melissa R Roscher, Lynn A Worobey, Michelle L Oyster, Michael L Boninger
OBJECTIVES: The study examined differences in quality of life scores for groups based on transitions in locomotion status at 1, 5, and 10 years post-discharge in a sample of people with spinal cord injury (SCI). We also investigated whether demographic factors and transitions in locomotion status can predict quality of life measures at these time points. DESIGN: Retrospective case study of the National SCI Database. SETTING: Model SCI Systems Centers...
June 21, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647425/use-of-antibiotics-and-the-prevalence-of-antibiotic-associated-diarrhoea-in-patients-with-spinal-cord-injuries-an-international-multicentre-centre-study
#4
Samford Wong, Piera Santullo, Shashivadan P Hirani, Naven Kumar, Joy R Chowdhury, Angel García-Forcada, Marta Recio, Fátima Paz, Ineta Zobina, Sreedhar Kolli, Carlotte Kiekens, Nathalie Draulans, Ellen Roels, Janneke Martens-Bijlsma, Jean O'Driscoll, Ali Jamous, Mofid Saif
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the use of antibiotics and the extent of antibiotic-associated diarrhoea (AAD) in spinal cord injury (SCI) patients. AIMS: To (1) record the use of antibiotics; (2) establish the prevalence of AAD and Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) and (3) assess whether there was any seasonal variation in antibiotic use and incidence of AAD. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted in six European SCI centres during October 2014 to June 2015...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646914/markerless-motion-capture-systems-as-training-device-in-neurological-rehabilitation-a-systematic-review-of-their-use-application-target-population-and-efficacy
#5
REVIEW
Els Knippenberg, Jonas Verbrugghe, Ilse Lamers, Steven Palmaers, Annick Timmermans, Annemie Spooren
BACKGROUND: Client-centred task-oriented training is important in neurological rehabilitation but is time consuming and costly in clinical practice. The use of technology, especially motion capture systems (MCS) which are low cost and easy to apply in clinical practice, may be used to support this kind of training, but knowledge and evidence of their use for training is scarce. The present review aims to investigate 1) which motion capture systems are used as training devices in neurological rehabilitation, 2) how they are applied, 3) in which target population, 4) what the content of the training and 5) efficacy of training with MCS is...
June 24, 2017: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645768/robot-assisted-training-for-people-with-spinal-cord-injury-a-meta-analysis
#6
REVIEW
Eddy Yy Cheung, Thomas Kw Ng, Kevin Kk Yu, Rachel Lc Kwan, Gladys Ly Cheing
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of robotic-assisted training on the recovery of people with spinal cord injury (SCI). DATA SOURCE: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) or quasi-RCTs involving people with SCI that compared robotic-assisted upper limbs or lower limbs training to a control of other treatment approach or no treatment. We included studies involving people with complete or incomplete spinal cord injuries. STUDY SELECTION: We searched in Medline, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (Cochrane Library) and Excerpta Medica dataBASE (EMBASE) to August, 2016...
June 20, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645598/efficacy-of-early-surgery-for-neurological-improvement-in-spinal-cord-injury-without-radiographic-evidence-of-trauma-in-the-elderly
#7
Tomoo Inoue, Shinsuke Suzuki, Toshiki Endo, Hiroshi Uenohara, Teiji Tominaga
OBJECT: The optimal timing for surgery for patients with spinal cord injury without radiographic evidence of trauma (SCIWORET) remains unclear. This is especially true in the elderly, because most studies are done with younger patients to avoid age-related comorbidities. We therefore aimed to compare the efficacy of early (less than 24 hours post-injury) versus late (more than 24 hours post-injury) surgery in patients with SCIWORET aged 65 years or older. METHODS: We identified patients aged 65 years or older who underwent surgery for SCIWORET between January 1995 and February 2016...
June 20, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645572/longitudinal-associations-between-mental-health-conditions-and-overactive-bladder-in-women-veterans
#8
Catherine S Bradley, Ingrid E Nygaard, Stephen L Hillis, James C Torner, Anne G Sadler
BACKGROUND: One in five recently deployed U.S. women veterans report overactive bladder symptoms. Mental health conditions such as depression and anxiety commonly co-occur in women with overactive bladder, but temporal relationships between these outcomes have not been well-studied, and the mechanism behind this association is unknown. The Women Veterans Urinary Health Study, a nationwide longitudinal study in recently deployed women veterans, was designed to better understand relationships between overactive bladder and mental health conditions...
June 20, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644193/heel-raised-foot-posture-do-not-affect-trunk-and-lower-extremity-biomechanics-during-a-barbell-back-squat-in-recreational-weightlifters
#9
Szu-Ping Lee, Carrie Gillis, Javier J Ibarra, Derek Oldroyd, Ryan Zane
It is claimed that weightlifting shoes with a raised heel may lead to a more upright trunk posture, and thus reduce the risk of back injuries during a barbell back squat. These proclaimed biomechanical effects have not been thoroughly investigated. The purpose of this study was to compare trunk and lower extremity biomechanics during barbell back squats in 3 foot postures.14 recreational weightlifters (7 male and 7 female) between the ages of 18-50 performed barbell back squats in 3 conditions (barefoot on a flat surface, barefoot on a heel-raised platform, and wearing heel-raised weightlifting shoes) at 80% of their 1-RM...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643358/maximizing-functional-axon-repair-in-the-injured-cns-lessons-from-neuronal-development
#10
Andrew Kaplan, Mardja Bueno, Luyang Hua, Alyson E Fournier
The failure of damaged axons to regrow underlies disability in central nervous system injury and disease. Therapies that stimulate axon repair will be critical to restore function. Extensive axon regeneration can be induced by manipulation of oncogenes and tumor suppressors, however it has been difficult to translate this into functional recovery in models of spinal cord injury. The current challenge is to maximize the functional integration of regenerating axons to recover motor and sensory behaviours. Insights into axonal growth and wiring during nervous system development are helping guide new approaches to boost regeneration and functional connectivity after injury in the mature nervous system...
June 23, 2017: Developmental Dynamics: An Official Publication of the American Association of Anatomists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642684/ferulic-acid-improves-functional-recovery-after-acute-spinal-cord-injury-in-rats-by-inducing-hypoxia-to-inhibit-microrna-590-and-elevate-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-expressions
#11
Zhenjie Li, Shengyun Wang, Wenfang Li, Hongbin Yuan
Spinal cord injury (SCI) is the leading cause of paralysis, disability and even death in severe cases, and neural stem cells (NSCs) transplant has been employed for repairing SCI. Ferulic acid (FA) is able to promote neurogenesis in various stem cell therapies. We aimed to investigate the effect of FA on NSC transplant therapy, and the underlying mechanism, in improving functional recovery in SCI rat model. A rat model of SCI was established, which then received transplant of NSCs with or without FA pre-treatment...
2017: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642653/clinical-application-of-a-drill-guide-template-for-pedicle-screw-placement-in-severe-scoliosis
#12
Xin Li, Yaoshen Zhang, Qiang Zhang, Changsong Zhao, Kun Liu
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the accuracy and the effect of drill guide template for pedicle screw placement in severe scoliosis. METHOD: Eight patients with rigid scoliosis were enrolled, five males and three females, ranging from nine to 23 years old. A three-dimensional CT scan of the spine was performed and saved as a DICOM file type. The multi-level template was designed by Mimics software and manufactured according to the part of the most severe deformity. The drill template was placed on the corresponding vertebral surface...
March 2017: Acta Ortopedica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641533/role-and-therapeutic-potential-of-astrocytes-in-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis
#13
Mariana Pehar, Benjamin A Harlan, Kelby M Killoy, Marcelo R Vargas
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is characterized by the progressive degeneration of motor neurons in the spinal cord, brain stem, and motor cortex. The molecular mechanism underlying the progressive degeneration of motor neuron remains uncertain but involves a non-cell autonomous process. In acute injury or degenerative diseases astrocytes adopt a reactive phenotype known as astrogliosis. Astrogliosis is a complex remodeling of astrocyte biology and most likely represents a continuum of potential phenotypes that affect neuronal function and survival in an injury-specific manner...
June 21, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640977/neurogenic-bowel-dysfunction-clinical-management-recommendations-of-the-neurologic-incontinence-committee-of-the-fifth-international-consultation-on-incontinence-2013
#14
REVIEW
Nikki Cotterill, Helmut Madersbacher, Jean J Wyndaele, Apostolos Apostolidis, Marcus J Drake, Jerzy Gajewski, John Heesakkers, Jalesh Panicker, Piotr Radziszewski, Ryuji Sakakibara, Karl-Dietrich Sievert, Rizwan Hamid, Thomas M Kessler, Anton Emmanuel
BACKGROUND: Evidence-based guidelines for the management of neurological disease and lower bowel dysfunction have been produced by the International Consultations on Incontinence (ICI). These are comprehensive guidelines, and were developed to have world-wide relevance. AIMS: To update clinical management of neurogenic bowel dysfunction from the recommendations of the 4th ICI, 2009. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A series of evidence reviews and updates were performed by members of the working group...
June 22, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640037/epidemiology-of-major-depressive-disorder-disability-in-the-us-military-fy-2007-2012
#15
Elizabeth R Packnett, Hoda Elmasry, Christine F Toolin, David N Cowan, Michael R Boivin
This study assesses the incidence of major depressive disorder (MDD) disability discharge and retirement in the Army, Navy, Marine Corps and Air Force and describes MDD comorbidity. Service members with a disability discharge for either MDD (n = 2,882) or any nonpsychiatric disability (n = 56,145), between fiscal years 2007 and 2012, were included in the study population. Those with MDD disability at first evaluation but not at last evaluation were excluded. The incidence of MDD disability discharge increased significantly in the Army and Air Force between fiscal years 2007 and 2012...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639937/a-multicentre-randomised-controlled-trial-of-intravenous-immunoglobulin-compared-with-standard-therapy-for-the-treatment-of-transverse-myelitis-in-adults-and-children-strive
#16
Michael Absoud, Peter Brex, Olga Ciccarelli, Onyinye Diribe, Gavin Giovannoni, Jennifer Hellier, Rosemary Howe, Rachel Holland, Joanna Kelly, Paul McCrone, Caroline Murphy, Jackie Palace, Andrew Pickles, Michael Pike, Neil Robertson, Anu Jacob, Ming Lim
BACKGROUND: Transverse myelitis (TM) is an immune-mediated disorder of the spinal cord that affects adults and children and that causes motor, sensory and autonomic dysfunction. There is a prolonged recovery phase, which may continue for many years. Neuromyelitis optica (NMO) is an uncommon relapsing inflammatory central nervous system condition in which TM can be the first presenting symptom. As TM and NMO affect many patients in the prime of their working life, the disorder can impose a significant demand on health resources...
May 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638473/rapid-fluorescence-imaging-of-spinal-cord-following-epidural-administration-of-a-nerve-highlighting-fluorophore
#17
Wanguo Liu, Rui Gu, Qingsan Zhu, Chunsheng Xiao, Lanfeng Huang, Xinming Zhuang, Jingzhe Zhang, Lidi Liu, Ben Ma, Huailin Yang, Jianchao Ma, Zhipeng Hu, Chenglin Tang, Shuhua Zhao, Xuesi Chen
Iatrogenic spinal cord injury (SCI) is the most devastating complication of spine surgery, which usually results in permanent and serious disabilities of patients. Improvement of the visualization and discrimination of the spinal cord is critical for accuracy and safety during surgery; however, to date, there is no suitable technology to fulfill this clinical need. Here, we first show an efficient and rapid fluorescence imaging of the spinal cord in rabbit by epidural administration of a nerve-highlighting fluorophore, i...
2017: Theranostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637974/neuron-glia-interaction-is-a-key-mechanism-underlying-persistent-orofacial-pain
#18
Koichi Iwata, Ayano Katagiri, Masamichi Shinoda
Excitability of neurons in the trigeminal ganglion (TG), trigeminal spinal subnucleus caudalis (Vc), and upper cervical spinal cord (C1-C2) is greatly enhanced after orofacial inflammation and trigeminal nerve injury, and TG, Vc, and C1-C2 neurons remain sensitized long after such episodes. Sensitized neurons generate various molecules, which are released from nociceptive neurons in these areas and are involved in modulating the excitability of TG, Vc, and C1-C2 nociceptive neurons. Hyperexcitable nociceptive neurons also activate satellite glial cells in the TG and microglial cells and astrocytes in the Vc and C1-C2...
2017: Journal of Oral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637786/the-role-of-capsaicin-sensitive-c-fiber-afferent-pathways-in-the-control-of-micturition-in-spinal-intact-and-spinal-cord-injured-mice
#19
Katsumi Kadekawa, Tsuyoshi Majima, Takahiro Shimizu, Naoki Wada, William C de Groat, Anthony J Kanai, Momokazu Goto, Mitsuharu Yoshiyama, Kimio Sugaya, Naoki Yoshimura
We examined bladder and urethral sphincter activity in mice with or without spinal cord injury (SCI) after C-fiber afferent desensitization induced by capsaicin pretreatment and changes in electrophysiological properties of mouse bladder afferent neurons 4 weeks after SCI. Female C57BL/6N mice were divided into 4 groups; (1) spinal intact (SI)-control, (2) SI-capsaicin pretreatment (Cap), (3) SCI-control and (4) SCI-Cap groups. Continuous cystometry and external urethral sphincter (EUS)-electromyogram (EMG) were conducted under an awake condition...
June 21, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637391/a-study-of-burden-of-care-and-its-correlates-among-family-members-supporting-relatives-and-loved-ones-with-traumatic-spinal-cord-injuries
#20
Carmina Castellano-Tejedor, Pilar Lusilla-Palacios
OBJECTIVE: To understand and describe in a sample of caregivers of persons with spinal cord injury, their burden of care, resilience and life satisfaction and to explore the relationship between these variables. DESIGN: Cross-sectional design. SETTING: One Spinal Cord Injury Acute Inpatient Unit from a general hospital. SUBJECTS: Seventy-five relatives of persons with spinal cord injuries (84% women) with a mean age of 48...
July 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
keyword
keyword
5059
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"