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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530510/self-reported-physical-activity-and-exercise-patterns-in-children-with-sickle-cell-disease
#1
Osarhiemen A Omwanghe, Devin S Muntz, Soyang Kwon, Simone Montgomery, Opeyemi Kemiki, Lewis L Hsu, Alexis A Thompson, Robert I Liem
PURPOSE: Sickle cell disease (SCD) significantly affects physical functioning. We examined physical activity (PA) patterns in children with SCD versus a national sample and factors associated with PA and participation in physical education and organized sports. METHOD: One hundred children with SCD completed a 58-item survey with questions from the 2009-2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) Physical Activity Questionnaire and others on physical education and sports, disease impact, and physical functioning...
May 22, 2017: Pediatric Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527504/telehealth-in-physical-medicine-and-rehabilitation-a-narrative-review
#2
REVIEW
Adam S Tenforde, Jaye E Hefner, Jodi E Kodish-Wachs, Mary A Iaccarino, Sabrina Paganoni
Telehealth refers to health care interactions that leverage telecommunication devices to provide medical care outside the traditional face-to-face, in-person medical encounter. Technology advances and research have expanded use of telehealth in health care delivery. Physical medicine and rehabilitation providers may use telehealth to deliver care to populations with neurologic and musculoskeletal conditions, commonly treated in both acute care and outpatient settings. Patients with impaired mobility and those living in locations with reduced access to care may particularly benefit...
May 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527191/understanding-how-a-sport-helmet-protects-the-head-from-closed-injury-by-virtual-impact%C3%A2-tests
#3
Yunhua Luo, Zhaoyang Liang
Understanding how a helmet protects the head, especially the soft brain tissues, is the prerequisite for improving helmet design. Intracranial pressure and stresses/strains in the brain tissues are the direct indicators of traumatic brain injury and they can be used to measure helmet performance. In this study, the effects of helmet design parameters such as the helmet shell stiffness, liner compliance and thickness on the brain injury indicators were investigated by virtual impact tests. A finite element head model (FEHM) was first constructed from medical images; a personally-fitted helmet made of composite material and foam was virtually prototyped using geometric information extracted from the FEHM; a helmet-head finite element model was then assembled...
2017: Bio-medical Materials and Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510641/community-level-football-injury-epidemiology-traumatic-injuries-treated-at-swedish-emergency-medical-facilities
#4
Toomas Timpka, Jan Schyllander, Diana Stark Ekman, Robert Ekman, Örjan Dahlström, Martin Hägglund, Karolina Kristenson, Jenny Jacobsson
Despite the popularity of the sport, few studies have investigated community-level football injury patterns. This study examines football injuries treated at emergency medical facilities using data from three Swedish counties. An open-cohort design was used based on residents aged 0-59 years in three Swedish counties (pop. 645 520). Data were collected from emergency medical facilities in the study counties between 1 January 2007 and 31 December 2010. Injury frequencies and proportions for age groups stratified by sex were calculated with 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) and displayed per diagnostic group and body location...
May 16, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506094/a-preliminary-study-of-youth-sport-concussions-parents-health-literacy-and-knowledge-of-return-to-play-protocol-criteria
#5
Robert W Turner, Jeffery W Lucas, Lewis H Margolis, Brian N Corwell
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: To preliminarily explore parents' health literacy and knowledge of youth sport league rules involving concussion education and training, and return-to-play protocols. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: This study was guided by the Knowledge, Attitude and Practice (KAP) model of health knowledge to examine parents' concussion literacy, and understanding of concussion education and training, and return-to-play protocols in youth sports. The mixed-method design involved 119 participants; that included in-person (n=8) and telephone (n=4) interviews, and web-based surveys administered through Mechanical Turk via Qualtrics (n=98)...
May 16, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493245/-the-prognostic-significance-of-icf-data-with-regard-to-realization-of-recommendations-given-in-the-medical-discharge-report-after-in-patient-psychosomatic-rehabilitation
#6
Jörg Oster, Jörn von Wietersheim, Gottfried Müller, Carina Braunger
Target In this trial, the prognostic significance of ICF-related diagnostics compared to social and medical, disease-related and personal factors with regard to realization of recommendations given in the medical discharge report after the in-patient psychosomatic rehabilitation should be examined. Methodology ICF-related, social and medical, disease-related and personal prognostic factors were surveyed by questionnaires and interviews, on admission, discharge and 6 months after discharge from rehabilitation (time of catamnesis)...
May 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493064/evidence-based-prerequisites-and-precursors-of-athletic-talent-a-review
#7
REVIEW
Vladimir B Issurin
Extensive findings related to nature and nurture in determining athletic talent (AT) have been reviewed. Available data demonstrate the important contribution of hereditary factors as well as the crucial importance of environmental prerequisites for identifying and developing AT. Recent publications provide examples of contemporary approaches intended to solve the problem of how to discover and nurture AT. A number of cross-sectional and longitudinal studies highlighted possibilities of revealing a predisposition to certain sports among youthful prospects, but were unable to predict attainment of world-class status...
May 11, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481698/perfectionism-predicts-injury-in-junior-athletes-preliminary-evidence-from-a-prospective-study
#8
Daniel J Madigan, Joachim Stoeber, Dale Forsdyke, Mark Dayson, Louis Passfield
According to the stress-injury model (Williams & Andersen, 1998), personality factors predisposing athletes to elevated levels of stress may increase the risk of injury. As perfectionism has been associated with chronic stress, it may be one such personality factor. So far, however, no study has investigated the relationships between perfectionism and injury utilising a prospective design. Therefore, the present study examined perfectionistic strivings, perfectionistic concerns and injury in 80 junior athletes from team and individual sports (mean age 17...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480575/comprehensive-headache-experience-in-collegiate-student-athletes-an-initial-report-from-the-ncaa-headache-task-force
#9
Tad Seifert, Alicia Sufrinko, Robert Cowan, W Scott Black, Dave Watson, Bill Edwards, Scott Livingston, Keith Webster, David Akers, Mathew Lively, Anthony P Kontos
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of primary headache disorders in the general population provides a unique challenge in the evaluation of headache occurring in the context of sport. Despite a wealth of studies exploring the epidemiology of headache in the layperson, little is known about the prevalence and nature of headaches in collegiate student-athletes. These scenarios are challenging in the return to play context, as it is often unclear whether an athlete has an exacerbation of a primary headache disorder, new onset headache unrelated to trauma, or has suffered a concussive injury...
May 7, 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461880/step-test-a-method-for-evaluating-maximum-oxygen-consumption-to-determine-the-ability-kind-of-work-among-students-of-medical-emergencies
#10
Payam Heydari, Sakineh Varmazyar, Ahmad Nikpey, Ali Safari Variani, Mojtaba Jafarvand
INTRODUCTION: Maximum oxygen consumption shows the maximum oxygen rate of muscle oxygenation that is acceptable in many cases, to measure the fitness between person and the desired job. Given that medical emergencies are important, and difficult jobs in emergency situations require people with high physical ability and readiness for the job, the aim of this study was to evaluate the maximum oxygen consumption, to determine the ability of work type among students of medical emergencies in Qazvin in 2016...
March 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460708/shoulder-pain-in-adolescent-athletes-prevalence-associated-factors-and-its-influence-on-upper-limb-function
#11
Valéria M A de Oliveira, Ana C R Pitangui, Mayra R A Gomes, Hítalo A da Silva, Muana H P Dos Passos, Rodrigo C de Araújo
BACKGROUND: Sports that require the constant use of an upper limb demand the maximum kinetic chain efficiency in this segment. Immaturity of the musculoskeletal system, followed by failure in motor skills can expose adolescents to major reports of pain complaints, particularly for the shoulder. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence of shoulder pain in adolescent athletes and identify possible factors associated with the complaint. METHOD: A total of 310 athletes, of both sexes and aged between 10 and 19 years old participated on this study...
March 2017: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459120/do-adolescents-with-long-term-illnesses-and-disabilities-have-increased-risks-of-sports-related-injuries
#12
Kwok W Ng, Jorma Tynjälä, Pauli Rintala, Sami Kokko, Lasse Kannas
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to examine the rates of sports related injuries in adolescents based on the severity of their long-term illnesses or disabilities (LTID). Few injury prevention strategies in sports and health promotion have explored disaggregation by disability. METHODS: Data obtained from the 2014 Finnish Health Behaviour in School-aged Children survey (n = 3716, mean age = 14.8, SD = 1.03) were grouped into adolescents with and without LTID...
December 2017: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454521/age-and-gender-differences-in-the-association-between-social-participation-and-instrumental-activities-of-daily-living-among-community-dwelling-elderly
#13
Kimiko Tomioka, Norio Kurumatani, Hiroshi Hosoi
BACKGROUND: Although many studies have suggested social participation (SP) has beneficial effects on elderly people's health, most of them failed to deal with paid work. Additionally, few studies have focused on the age effect between SP and older people's health. To investigate whether the association between SP, including paid work, and instrumental activities of daily living (IADL), exhibits not only in gender, but also in age among community-dwelling older adults. METHODS: In 2014, we distributed self-administered questionnaires to all community-dwelling elderly aged ≥65 in two medium-sized cities in Nara Prefecture, Japan (n = 32,825)...
April 28, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451696/incidence-aetiology-and-injury-characteristics-of-traumatic-spinal-cord-injury-in-stockholm-sweden-a-prospective-population-based-update
#14
Conran Joseph, Nina Andersson, Sapko Bjelak, Kajsa Giesecke, Claes Hultling, Lena Nilsson Wikmar, Julie Phillips, Åke Seiger, Vasilios Stenimahitis, Katarzyna Trok, Elisabet Åkesson, Kerstin Wahman
OBJECTIVES: To update the incidence rate, aetiology and injury characteristics of acutely-injured adults with traumatic spinal cord injury in Stockholm, Sweden, using international standards of reporting. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, (regional) population-based observation. SUBJECTS: Forty-nine consecutively enrolled individuals. METHODS: A surveillance system of newly-injured adults with traumatic spinal cord injury was implemented for an 18-month period...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447331/understanding-action-and-adventure-sports-participation-an-ecological-dynamics-perspective
#15
Tuomas Immonen, Eric Brymer, Dominic Orth, Keith Davids, Francesco Feletti, Jarmo Liukkonen, Timo Jaakkola
Previous research has considered action and adventure sports using a variety of associated terms and definitions which has led to confusing discourse and contradictory research findings. Traditional narratives have typically considered participation exclusively as the pastime of young people with abnormal characteristics or personalities having unhealthy and pathological tendencies to take risks because of the need for thrill, excitement or an adrenaline 'rush'. Conversely, recent research has linked even the most extreme forms of action and adventure sports to positive physical and psychological health and well-being outcomes...
December 2017: Sports Medicine—Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430553/sport-concussion-management-using-facebook-a-feasibility-study-of-an-innovative-adjunct-icon
#16
Osman Hassan Ahmed, Anthony G Schneiders, Paul R McCrory, S John Sullivan
CONTEXT:   Sport concussion is currently the focus of much international attention. Innovative methods to assist athletic trainers in facilitating management after this injury need to be investigated. OBJECTIVE:   To investigate the feasibility of using a Facebook concussion-management program termed iCon (interactive concussion management) to facilitate the safe return to play (RTP) of young persons after sport concussion. DESIGN:   Observational study...
April 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416894/letter-to-the-editor-a-genetic-based-algorithm-for-personalized-resistance-training
#17
A Karanikolou, G Wang, Y Pitsiladis
In a recent paper entitled "A genetic-based algorithm for personalized resistance training", Jones et al. [1] presented an algorithm of 15 performance-associated gene polymorphisms that they propose can determine an athlete's training response by predicting power and endurance potential. However, from the design of their studies and the data provided, there is no evidence to support these authors' assertions. Progress towards such a significant development in the field of sport and exercise genomics will require a paradigm shift in line with recent recommendations for international collaborations such as the Athlome Project (see www...
March 2017: Biology of Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412270/how-surgeons-conceptualize-talent-a-qualitative-study-using-sport-science-as-a-lens
#18
Rune Dall Jensen, Mette Krogh Christensen, Kori A LaDonna, Mikkel Seyer-Hansen, Sayra Cristancho
OBJECTIVES: Debates prevail regarding the definition of surgical talent, and how individuals with the potential to become talented surgeons can be identified and developed. However, over the past 30 years, talent has been studied extensively in other domains. The objectives of this study is to explore notions of talent in surgery and sport in order to investigate if the field of surgical education can benefit from expanding its view on talented performances. Therefore, this study aims to use the sport literature as a lens when exploring how surgeons conceptualize and define talent...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405885/sudden-death-due-to-catecholaminergic-polymorphic-ventricular-tachycardia-following-negative-stress-test-outcome-genetics-and-clinical-implications
#19
Cristian D'Ovidio, Aldo Carnevale, Vincenzo M Grassi, Enrica Rosato, Bernat Del Olmo, Monica Coll, Oscar Campuzano, Anna Iglesias, Ramon Brugada, Antonio Oliva
This paper discusses the case of a young boy who died suddenly during a football match. The victim's personal and family medical histories were negative for cardiac events. He had undergone a cardiological investigation some months before his death, enabling him to participate in competitive sports. Only post-mortem molecular analysis allowed for a clearer determination of the most plausible cause of death, which was identified as inherited arrhythmogenic heart disease, known as catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia...
April 13, 2017: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392338/cannabis-exercise-performance-and-sport-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Michael C Kennedy
OBJECTIVES: To review the evidence relating to the effect of cannabis on exercise performance. DESIGN: A systematic review of published literature METHODS: Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is the principal psychoactive component of cannabis. A search was conducted using PUB med, Medline and Embase searching for cannabis, marijuana, cannabinoids and THC, in sport and exercise; the contents of sports medicine journals for the last 10 years; as well as cross references from journals and a personal collection of reprints...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
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