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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095091/factors-informing-fear-of-reinjury-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#1
Cheryl A Ross, Amanda Clifford, Quinette A Louw
OBJECTIVE: Fear of reinjury is associated with cessation of sport after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction despite normal postoperative knee function. The objective of this study is to describe factors informing athletes' experience of fear of reinjury post ACL reconstruction, in athletes who cited fear as the sole reason for not returning to their pre-injury level of sport. DESIGN: Mixed-methods study design of qualitative and a preliminary quantitative component...
January 17, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093374/predictors-of-pharmacological-intervention-in-adolescents-with-protracted-symptoms-after-sports-related-concussion
#2
Shanti M Pinto, Maria F Twichell, Luke C Henry
BACKGROUND: Though recovery after concussion is spontaneous and typically occurs within two to three weeks, a subset of adolescents develop persistent symptoms after a sports-related concussion. Medications are frequently prescribed as part of a comprehensive treatment approach to alleviate these symptoms; however, there are no guidelines for prescription of pharmacologic therapy after concussion. OBJECTIVE: To investigate common factors that are associated with the use of medications (anti-epileptic, anti-depressant, neurostimulant, or sleeping medication) during recovery from a sports-related concussion...
January 13, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058460/-risk-assessment-of-synephrine-in-dietary-supplements
#3
Nadiya Bakhyia, Birgit Dusemund, Klaus Richter, Oliver Lindtner, Karen Ildico Hirsch-Ernst, Bernd Schäfer, Alfonso Lampen
Synephrine is a sympathomimetic phenylethylamine derivative that occurs naturally in citrus fruits. It is often added to dietary supplements intended for weight loss and enhancement of sports performance, typically in the form of Citrus aurantium extracts and in many cases in combination with caffeine. The health risks of synephrine were evaluated on the basis of the available toxicological data and in accordance to the EFSA guidance on the safety assessment of botanicals and botanical preparations intended for use in food supplements...
January 5, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057008/correlates-of-preschool-children-s-objectively-measured-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-the-splashy-study
#4
Einat A Schmutz, Claudia S Leeger-Aschmann, Thomas Radtke, Stefanie Muff, Tanja H Kakebeeke, Annina E Zysset, Nadine Messerli-Bürgy, Kerstin Stülb, Amar Arhab, Andrea H Meyer, Simone Munsch, Jardena J Puder, Oskar G Jenni, Susi Kriemler
BACKGROUND: Identifying ways to promote physical activity and decrease sedentary time during childhood is a key public health issue. Research on the putative influences on preschool children's physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior (SB) is limited and has yielded inconsistent results. Our aim was to identify correlates of PA and SB in preschool children. METHODS: Cross-sectional data were drawn from the Swiss Preschoolers' Health Study (SPLASHY), a Swiss population-based cohort study...
January 5, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054117/-self-medication-with-vitamins-minerals-and-food-supplements-in-germany-results-of-nationwide-health-surveys
#5
Hildtraud Knopf
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Vitamins, minerals and food supplements (FSs) are often used without medical prescription. Valid data on the magnitude of use are rare in Germany. The aim of the present analysis is to describe the prevalence and trends of self-medication and the associations between health-related factors and self-medication with these substances. METHODS: The data base consisted of the results of nationwide health surveys (GNHIES98: 1997-1999 and DEGS1: 2008-2001) in which adults aged 18-79 years were interviewed on health-related themes and were examined...
January 4, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051327/are-there-potential-safety-issues-concerning-the-safe-usage-of-electronic-personal-tracking-devices-the-experience-of-a-multi-sport-elite-club
#6
Daniel Medina, Eduard Pons, Antonio Gomez, Marc Guitart, Andres Martin, Jairo Vazquez-Guerrero, Ismael Camenforte, Berta Carles, Roger Font
Despite approval of the use of electronic personal tracking devices (EPTD) during competition by the International Football Association Board (IFAB), other team sport organizations and leagues have banned its use due to "safety concerns", with no evidence to support this assertion. The aim of the current brief report is to provide empirical evidence to support the wide-spread usage across all sports by examining safety issues concerning the use of EPTD in a multi-team sports club. A total of 5 outdoor football teams (first team, second team, under 19, under 18 and first team female) and 3 indoor multi-sport (basketball, futsal and handball) teams have been monitored; accounting for a total of 63...
January 4, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049596/hip-preservation-surgery-expectations-survey-a-new-method-to-measure-patients-preoperative-expectations
#7
Carol A Mancuso, Catherine H Wentzel, Hassan M K Ghomrawi, Bryan T Kelly
PURPOSE: To develop a patient-derived expectations survey for hip preservation surgery. METHODS: Patients were eligible if they were undergoing primary hip surgery and were recruited in person or by telephone. The survey was developed in 3 phases. During phase 1, 64 patients were interviewed preoperatively and asked open-ended questions about their expectations of surgery; a draft survey was assembled by categorizing responses. During phase 2, the survey was administered twice to another group of 50 patients preoperatively to assess test-retest reliability and concordance was measured with weighted kappa values and intraclass correlations...
December 31, 2016: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038992/functional-and-ultrasonographic-outcomes-after-surgical-fibular-tendon-stabilisation-by-isolated-re-tensioning-of-the-superior-fibular-retinaculum
#8
C Choufani, R Rousseau, A Massein, H Pascal-Mousselard, F Khiami
BACKGROUND: Fibular tendon dislocation is a rare and usually sports-related injury. We report the functional and ultrasonographic outcomes of a simple technique for re-tensioning the superior fibular retinaculum. HYPOTHESIS: Our retinaculum re-tensioning technique is not followed by recurrent fibular tendon dislocation, as demonstrated by ultrasonography. MATERIAL AND METHOD: This single-centre single-surgeon retrospective study included 17 patients who underwent surgery to treat fibular tendon dislocation between January 2008 and December 2013...
December 27, 2016: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28019093/creatine-and-creatine-forms-intended-for-sports-nutrition
#9
REVIEW
Susanne Andres, Rainer Ziegenhagen, Iris Trefflich, Sophie Pevny, Katharina Schultrich, Hans Braun, Wilhelm Schänzer, Karen Ildico Hirsch-Ernst, Bernd Schäfer, Alfonso Lampen
Creatine is a popular ergogenic supplement in sports nutrition. Yet, supplementation of creatine occasionally caused adverse effects such as gastrointestinal complaints, muscle cramps and an increase in body weight. Creatine monohydrate has already been evaluated by different competent authorities and several have come to the conclusion that a daily intake of 3 g creatine per person is unlikely to pose safety concerns, focusing on healthy adults with exclusion of pregnant and breastfeeding women. Possible vulnerable subgroups were also discussed in relation to the safety of creatine...
December 25, 2016: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012303/relationship-between-body-composition-and-vertical-ground-reaction-forces-in-obese-children-when-walking
#10
Israel Villarrasa-Sapiña, Pilar Serra-Añó, Alberto Pardo-Ibáñez, Luis-Millán Gonzalez, Xavier García-Massó
BACKGROUND: Obesity is now a serious worldwide challenge, especially in children. This condition can cause a number of different health problems, including musculoskeletal disorders, some of which are due to mechanical stress caused by excess body weight. The aim of this study was to determine the association between body composition and the vertical ground reaction force produced during walking in obese children. METHODS: Sixteen children participated in the study, six females and ten males [11...
December 15, 2016: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004903/fluid-intake-behaviour-in-athletes-during-typical-training-bouts
#11
Alex Buoite Stella, Maria P Francescato, Stacy T Sims, Shawnda A Morrison
BACKGROUND: Hydration habits during training may differ depending on sports mode and individual characteristics. The aim of this study was to assess fluid intake behaviour in a wide sample of Italian athletes during their regular training. METHODS: Data on hydration habits during training were collected from a random sample of competitive athletes. Hydration strategies and personal characteristics were queried via questionnaire, including athletes' quantity and type of fluid ingested during a typical training bout, sport characteristics (e...
December 22, 2016: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993844/comparison-of-four-alternative-national-universal-anterior-cruciate-ligament-injury-prevention-programme-implementation-strategies-to-reduce-secondary-future-medical-costs
#12
Dion A Lewis, Brent Kirkbride, Christopher J Vertullo, Louisa Gordon, Tracy A Comans
BACKGROUND/AIM: Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury is a common and devastating sporting injury. With or without ACL reconstruction, the risk of knee osteoarthritis (OA) and permanent disability later in life is markedly increased. While neuromuscular training programmes can prevent 50-80% of ACL injuries, no national implementation strategies exist in Australia. The aim of this study was to compare the ability of four alternative national universal ACL injury prevention programme implementation strategies to reduce future medical costs secondary to ACL injury...
December 19, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992289/athlete-s-perception-of-athletic-trainer-empathy-how-important-is-it
#13
Shannon David, Mary Larson
CONTEXT: Health care practitioners face increasing expectations to provide patient-centered care. Communication skills, specifically empathy, are critical in the provision of patient-centered care. Past work correlates empathy with improved patient satisfaction, compliance and treatment outcomes. In particular, a predictive relationship exists between clients' ratings of their clinician's empathy and treatment outcomes. There is a dearth of studies examining empathy using qualitative methodology and factors of empathy in athletic training...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991836/correlations-between-col2a-and-aggrecan-genetic-polymorphisms-and-the-risk-and-clinicopathological-features-of-intervertebral-disc-degeneration-in-a-chinese-han-population-a-case-control-study
#14
Yu Deng, Xin-Ti Tan, Qiang Wu, Xin Wang
OBJECTIVES: This case-control study was designed to evaluate the association of three COL2A1 single nucleotide polymorphism (SNPs) (rs1793953, rs2276454, and rs1793937) and Aggrecan variable number of tandem repeat (VNTR) polymorphisms with the risk and clinicopathological features of intervertebral disc degeneration (IVDD) in a Chinese Han population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data from 295 IVDD patients (case group) and 324 healthy volunteers (control group) were collected between January 2012 and December 2014...
December 19, 2016: Genetic Testing and Molecular Biomarkers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990239/towards-parameters-and-protocols-to-recommend-fes-cycling-in-cases-of-paraplegia-a-preliminary-report
#15
Juliana Araujo Guimarães, Lucas Oliveira da Fonseca, Clarissa Cardoso Dos Santos-Couto-Paz, Antônio Padilha Lanari Bó, Charles Fattal, Christine Azevedo-Coste, Emerson Fachin-Martins
Functional Electrical Stimulation assisted cycling (FES-Cycling) is increasingly becoming an alternative option recommended to people with spinal cord injury struggling with paraplegia and interested in practicing sports. In order to propose preconditions to guide FES-Cycling recommendation, we aimed to investigate some features and their potential relationships with responsiveness to Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation (NMES). Fourteen volunteers attended a public recruitment forum to be assessed about their responsiveness through the 16-sessions of NMES...
June 13, 2016: European Journal of Translational Myology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976521/racing-chemistry-a-century-of-challenges-and-progress
#16
Christopher Kremmer
Horseracing has been called "one of the first quintessentially modern sports". Its urge towards standardization, its mathematically-set odds, concern with weights, and pioneering embrace of drug-testing reflect an empirical temperament crucial to its transformation from gentleman's pastime to global industry funded by wagering. Ironically, in the late 19th century, it was modern science itself, and in particular the purification and synthesis of the drugs of nature, that turned the doping of racing animals- a practice recorded in antiquity-into an organized criminal enterprise...
December 15, 2016: Drug Testing and Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27967275/velocity-oxygen-uptake-and-metabolic-cost-of-pull-kick-and-whole-body-swimming
#17
Kirstin S Morris, Mark A Osborne, Megan E Shephard, David G Jenkins, Tina L Skinner
PURPOSE: The contributions of the limbs to velocity and metabolic parameters in front-crawl swimming at different intensities have not been identified with the consideration of both stroke and kick rate. Consequently, velocity, oxygen uptake (V̇O2) and metabolic cost of swimming with the whole body (swim), the upper-limbs only (pull) and lower-limbs only (kick) were compared with stroke and kick rate controlled. METHODS: Twenty elite swimmers completed six 200m trials; two swim, two pull and two kick...
December 14, 2016: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941396/sports-and-driving-with-an-implantable-cardioverter-defibrillator
#18
Aileen M Ferrick, Kevin J Ferrick
Many patients with implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICD) want to participate in sports and many need or wish to operate a personal motor vehicle. Healthcare providers need to advise patients regarding restrictions related to these activities in the context of the clinical indication for the ICD. Ethical considerations need to be considered when advising ICD patients of restrictions to reduce risk of injury to themselves and to others when participating in either sports or driving. Shared decision-making is necessary to have ICD patients understand and comply with recommended restrictions...
November 17, 2016: Cardiology in Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27937046/contribution-of-dry-needling-to-individualized-physical-therapy-treatment-of-shoulder-pain-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#19
Sara Pérez-Palomares, Bárbara Oliván-Blázquez, Ana Pérez-Palomares, Elena Gaspar-Calvo, Marina Pérez-Benito, Elena López-Lapeña, Maria Luisa de la Torre-Beldarraín, Rosa Magallón-Botaya
Study Design Multicenter, parallel randomized clinical trial. Background Myofascial trigger points (MTrPs) are implicated in shoulder pain and functional limitations. An intervention intended to treat MTrPs is dry needling. Objectives To investigate the effectiveness of dry needling in addition to evidence-based personalized physical therapy treatment in the treatment of shoulder pain. Methods One hundred twenty patients with nonspecific shoulder pain were randomly allocated into 2 parallel groups: (1) personalized, evidencebased physical therapy treatment; and (2) trigger point dry needling in addition to personalized, evidence-based physical therapy treatment...
January 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933516/costs-of-diabetes-medication-among-male-former-elite-athletes-in-later-life
#20
M K Laine, R Kujala, J G Eriksson, H Kautiainen, S Sarna, U M Kujala
AIMS: Regular physical activity plays a major role, in both prevention and treatment of type 2 diabetes. Less is known whether vigorous physical activity during young adulthood is associated with costs of diabetes medication in later life. The aim of this study is to evaluate this question. METHODS: The study population consisted of 1314 former elite-class athletes and 860 matched controls. The former athletes were divided into three groups based on their active career sport: endurance, mixed and power sports...
December 8, 2016: Acta Diabetologica
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