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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141175/sudden-cardiac-arrest-during-participation-in-competitive-sports
#1
Cameron H Landry, Katherine S Allan, Kim A Connelly, Kris Cunningham, Laurie J Morrison, Paul Dorian
BACKGROUND: The incidence of sudden cardiac arrest during participation in sports activities remains unknown. Preparticipation screening programs aimed at preventing sudden cardiac arrest during sports activities are thought to be able to identify at-risk athletes; however, the efficacy of these programs remains controversial. We sought to identify all sudden cardiac arrests that occurred during participation in sports activities within a specific region of Canada and to determine their causes...
November 16, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138919/low-re-rupture-rate-with-bptb-autograft-and-semitendinosus-gracilis-autograft-with-preserved-insertions-in-acl-reconstruction-surgery-in-sports-persons
#2
Ravi Gupta, Munish Sood, Anubhav Malhotra, Gladson David Masih, Anil Kapoor, Mukta Raghav, Mehar Dhillon
PURPOSE: To compare the results of bone-patellar tendon-bone graft (BPTB), semitendinosus-gracilis graft with preserved insertions (STGPI) and semitendinosus-gracilis-free graft (STGF) in terms of graft failure, objective mechanical stability, functional outcome, and return to sports in elite and recreational sports persons. It was hypothesized that the STGPI graft provided superior outcome as compared to the other two grafts. METHODS: Two hundred and forty-nine elite and recreational players who underwent ACL reconstruction surgery, with BPTB graft (N = 80), STGPI graft (N = 85), and STGF graft (N = 84) with a minimum follow-up of 2 years, were assessed using clinical tests, knee arthrometer (KT 1000™), single-leg hop test, Lysholm knee score, Tegner's activity scale, and return to sports...
November 14, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136195/hour-by-hour-physical-activity-patterns-of-adults-aged-45-65-years-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
F M Jansen, G H van Kollenburg, C B M Kamphuis, F H Pierik, D F Ettema
Background: Limited information exists on hour-by-hour physical activity (PA) patterns among adults aged 45-65 years. Therefore, this study aimed to distinguish typical hour-by-hour PA patterns, and examined which individuals typically adopt certain PA patterns. Methods: Accelerometers measured light and moderate-vigorous PA. GIS-data provided proportions of land use within an 800 and 1600 m buffer around participant's homes. Latent class analyses were performed to distinguish PA patterns and groups of individuals with similar PA patterns...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132327/explaining-variance-in-self-directed-learning-readiness-of-first-year-students-in-health-professional-programs
#4
Craig E Slater, Anne Cusick, Jimmy C Y Louie
BACKGROUND: Self-directed learning (SDL) is expected of health science graduates; it is thus a learning outcome in many pre-certification programs. Previous research identified age, gender, discipline and prior education as associated with variations in students' self-directed learning readiness (SDLR). Studies in other fields also propose personality as influential. METHOD: This study investigated relationships between SDLR and age, gender, discipline, previous education, and personality traits...
November 13, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117151/changes-in-sports-participation-across-transition-to-retirement-modification-by-migration-background-and-acculturation-status
#5
Johanna-Katharina Schönbach, Manuela Pfinder, Claudia Börnhorst, Hajo Zeeb, Tilman Brand
While total physical activity decreases over the life course, sports and leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) have shown to increase after transition to retirement. This paper aimed to investigate whether this change in sports participation differs (1) between non-migrant persons (NMP) versus persons with a migrant background (PMB), and (2) by acculturation status. Data was drawn from 16 waves of the German Socio-Economic Panel Study (SOEP) including 2664 NMP and 569 PMB. PMB were grouped according to acculturation status (integrated, assimilated, marginalised, separated), assessed regarding three dimensions (language, social interaction and identification)...
November 8, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111866/moral-identity-predicts-doping-likelihood-via-moral-disengagement-and-anticipated-guilt
#6
Maria Kavussanu, Christopher Ring
In this study, we integrated elements of social cognitive theory of moral thought and action and the social cognitive model of moral identity to better understand doping likelihood in athletes. Participants (N = 398) recruited from a variety of team sports completed measures of moral identity, moral disengagement, anticipated guilt, and doping likelihood. Moral identity predicted doping likelihood indirectly via moral disengagement and anticipated guilt. Anticipated guilt about potential doping mediated the relationship between moral disengagement and doping likelihood...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111464/participant-reported-benefits-of-involvement-in-an-adaptive-sports-program-a-qualitative-study
#7
Emma C Lape, Jeffrey N Katz, Elena Losina, Hannah M Kerman, Marissa A Gedman, Cheri A Blauwet
BACKGROUND: While participation in adaptive sports offers numerous benefits for persons with disabilities, a substantial number of eligible persons do not take part. Previous studies have identified personal and environmental factors that promote or inhibit adaptive sports participation. However, these studies have considered a relatively narrow range of factors. OBJECTIVE: Use qualitative research techniques to identify novel factors that influence participation in a community-based adaptive sports program...
October 27, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108447/from-which-level-of-competition-in-clubs-are-adolescents-at-greater-risk-of-injury-compared-with-outside-of-clubs-athletes-a-school-based-study
#8
Maxime Luiggi, Victoria Rindler, Jean Griffet
OBJECTIVES: Sport practice is a key factor in a person's physical and mental health but, for adolescent athletes, some injuries lead to health problems in the long term. The literature provides multiple factors for understanding injury but does not give information about injury risk related to each level of play in a large sample of multisport athletes. This study investigates this relationship in 14- to 19-year-old adolescents. METHODS: The survey on adolescents and health was conducted in classrooms of France, from February to March 2015...
November 7, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106335/psychosocial-development-through-masters-sport-what-can-be-gained-from-youth-sport-models
#9
Rylee A Dionigi, Jessica Fraser-Thomas, Rachael C Stone, Amy M Gayman
Although sport participation is encouraged throughout the lifespan, little research has been conducted on the role of sport in development later in life. This qualitative study explored adults' experiences of development within the context of Masters sport. We interviewed 14 adults (nine men and five women) aged 46-61 years involved in Masters sport. Data was interpreted drawing upon frameworks from youth sport (i.e., Personal Assets Framework for Sport; Côté, J., Bruner, M., Strachan, L., Erickson, K., & Fraser-Thomas, J...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105125/prevalence-and-correlates-of-tattooing-in-norway-a-large-scale-cross-sectional-study
#10
Dominic Sagoe, Ståle Pallesen, Cecilie Schou Andreassen
To our knowledge, no previous large-scale study has examined the prevalences and correlates of having only easily concealed tattoos, or readily visible tattoos. We conducted an exploratory online survey in Norway asking 15,654 (6,151 females) persons aged 16-91 (m = 33.65 ± 12.27) about various demographic, sports, substance use, mental health, personality, and tattooing questions. The estimated prevalence of tattooing was 20.8% (females: 23.8%, males: 17.9%), of which 13.3% had readily visible tattoos. Results of multivariate logistic regression analysis indicated that females, being older than 19 years, higher body mass index, lifetime anabolic-androgenic steroid use (AAS), and higher scores on extraversion were associated with higher odds of having a tattoo...
December 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104552/transformations-through-proximity-flying-a-phenomenological-investigation
#11
Maria Holmbom, Eric Brymer, Robert D Schweitzer
Participation in extreme sports has been linked to personal transformations in everyday life. Descriptions of lived experience resulting from transformative experiences are limited. Proximity flying, a relatively new discipline involving BASE jumping with a wingsuit where participants fly close to solid structures, is arguably one of the most extreme of extreme sports. The aim of this paper, part of a larger phenomenological study on the lived experience of proximity flying, is to explicate the ways in which participating in proximity flying influences the everyday lives of participants...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081641/parents-social-status-and-children-s-daily-physical-activity-the-role-of-familial-socialization-and-support
#12
Michael Mutz, Peggy Albrecht
Physical activity is a health relevant factor, particularly in affluent societies where overweight and obesity are increasingly prevalent, even among children. Understanding the development of physical activity patterns in childhood is thus an important issue for health promotion. Following socialization theory, this study describes and explains differences in objectively measured moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) in a socially and ethnically mixed sample of 6- to 11-year-old children in Germany...
2017: Journal of Child and Family Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076354/how-do-online-sports-gambling-disorder-patients-compare-with-land-based-patients
#13
Ana Estévez, Raquel Rodríguez, Noelia Díaz, Roser Granero, Gemma Mestre-Bach, Trevor Steward, Fernando Fernández-Aranda, Neus Aymamí, Mónica Gómez-Peña, Amparo Del Pino-Gutiérrez, Marta Baño, Laura Moragas, Núria Mallorquí-Bagué, Hibai López-González, Paula Jauregui, Jaione Onaindia, Virginia Martín-Romera, José M Menchón, Susana Jiménez-Murcia
Background and aims Recent technological developments have brought about notable changes in the way people gamble. The widespread use of mobile Internet devices and gambling websites has led to a significant leap in the number of people who recreationally gamble. However, for some, gambling can turn into a psychiatric disorder resembling substance addiction. At present, there is a shortage of studies examining differences between adults with gambling disorder (GD) who exclusively make sports bets online, GD patients that are non-sports Internet gamblers, and offline gamblers...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071115/acceptability-and-perceptions-of-end-users-towards-an-online-sports-health-surveillance-system
#14
Saulo Delfino Barboza, Caroline Silveira Bolling, Joske Nauta, Willem van Mechelen, Evert Verhagen
AIM: To describe the acceptability and the perceptions of athletes and staff members (ie, end-users) towards an online sports-health surveillance system. METHODS: A pilot study with a mixed-methods approach was pursued. Descriptive analysis was conducted to present the adherence of judo (n=34), swimming (n=21) and volleyball (n=14) athletes to an online registration of their sport exposure and any health complaints between April 2014 and January 2015. End-users' perceptions towards the system were investigated qualitatively with semistructured interviews (n=21)...
2017: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069358/atrial-function-is-altered-in-lone-paroxysmal-atrial-fibrillation-in-male-endurance-veteran-athletes
#15
Arnaud Hubert, Vincent Galand, Erwan Donal, Dominique Pavin, Elena Galli, Raphaël P Martins, Christophe Leclercq, François Carré, Frédéric Schnell
Aims: Intensive endurance sport practice is associated with an increased risk of atrial fibrillation (AF) in male veteran athletes. Paroxysmal AF (PAF) is the very beginning step of this disease. The description of atrial remodelling occurring at this early stage might enable to depict predictive factors of AF in veteran athletes in order to give them personalized recommendation according to their sport practice. Methods and results: Twenty-seven male endurance veteran athletes with documented PAF were retrospectively enrolled and compared with 30 control endurance athletes without documented AF, with similar training level, age, and cardiovascular risk factors...
October 23, 2017: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066054/the-validity-of-the-heat-tolerance-test-in-prediction-of-recurrent-exertional-heat-illness-events
#16
Haggai Schermann, Yuval Heled, Chen Fleischmann, Itay Ketko, Nathan Schiffmann, Yoram Epstein, Ran Yanovich
OBJECTIVES: Heat-tolerance-testing (HTT) protocol is used as a screening test for secondary prevention of exertional heat illness (EHI) in the military. Subjects whose test results are positive (heat-intolerant, HI) are presumed to be at higher risk of repeated EHI events than heat-tolerant subjects (HT) and are therefore prevented from return to combat duty, but may return to unsupervised recreational activity. Our aim was to determine, whether HTT results predict the risk of repeated episodes of exertional heat illness (EHI)...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053612/in-search-of-consistent-predictors-of-children-s-physical-activity
#17
Keren Best, Kylie Ball, Dorota Zarnowiecki, Rebecca Stanley, James Dollman
Physical activity is pivotal for children's health and well-being, yet participation declines across teenage years. Efforts to increase physical activity need to be strengthened to combat this, however, evidence for the design and planning of physical activity promotion in children is lacking. The aim was to identify predictors of physical activity that were relatively consistent across three different measures of physical activity, in pre- and early adolescent South Australians. This is the first study to compare correlates of physical activity across three measures of physical activity in a single sample, in this age group...
October 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049267/variation-among-pediatric-orthopaedic-surgeons-when-treating-medial-epicondyle-fractures
#18
Meghan Hughes, Karan Dua, Nathan N O'Hara, Brian K Brighton, Theodore J Ganley, William L Hennrikus, Martin J Herman, Joshua E Hyman, J Todd Lawrence, Charles T Mehlman, Kenneth J Noonan, Norman Y Otsuka, Richard M Schwend, M Wade Shrader, Brian G Smith, Paul D Sponseller, Joshua M Abzug
BACKGROUND: Medial epicondyle fractures are a common pediatric and adolescent injury accounting for 11% to 20% of elbow fractures in this population. This purpose of this study was to determine the variability among pediatric orthopaedic surgeons when treating pediatric medial epicondyle fractures. METHODS: A discrete choice experiment was conducted to determine which patient and injury attributes influence the management of medial epicondyle fractures by pediatric orthopaedic surgeons...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035401/skydiving-and-the-risk-of-cervical-disc-herniation
#19
Ayşe Coşkun Beyan, Yücel Demiral, Banu Dilek, Nur Şafak Alici, Cem Bediz, Arif Çimrin
The skydiving/parachuting sport which has recently gained popularity is also known for its accidents and injuries. However, there are a few studies related to its occupational ergonomic risks and occupational musculoskeletal diseases. It has been reported that the sudden hyperextension of the neck during the parachute opening, so called opening shock results in neck pain. It has been found that the jumpers are subjected to an average deceleration of 3-5 times the earth's gravitational acceleration (3-5 G) during parachute opening shock...
November 3, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034800/hip-and-knee-strengthening-is-more-effective-than-knee-strengthening-alone-for-reducing-pain-and-improving-activity-in-individuals-with-patellofemoral-pain-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#20
Lucas R Nascimento, Luci F Teixeira-Salmela, Ricardo B Souza, Renan A Resende
Study Design Systematic review with meta-analysis. Background The addition of hip strengthening to knee strengthening for persons with patellofemoral pain has the potential to optimize treatment effects. There is a need to systematically review and pool the current evidence in this area. Objective To examine the efficacy of hip strengthening, associated or not with knee strengthening, to increase strength, reduce pain, and improve activity in individuals with patellofemoral pain. Methods A systematic review of randomized or controlled trials was performed...
October 15, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
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