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B1 Prostate Cancer

Sarandeep S S Boyanapalli, Wenji Li, Francisco Fuentes, Yue Guo, Christina N Ramirez, Ximena-Parades Gonzalez, Douglas Pung, Ah-Ng Tony Kong
Epigenetic silencing of tumor suppressor genes is a phenomenon frequently observed in multiple cancers. Ras-association domain family 1 isoform A (RASSF1A) is a well-characterized tumor suppressor that belongs to the Ras-association domain family. Several studies have demonstrated that hypermethylation of the RASSF1A promoter is frequently observed in lung, prostate, and breast cancers. Phenethyl isothiocyanate (PEITC), a phytochemical abundant in cruciferous vegetables, possesses chemopreventive activities; however, its potential involvement in epigenetic mechanisms remains elusive...
November 3, 2016: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
Chao-Ming Hung, Ying-Chao Lin, Liang-Chih Liu, Sheng-Chu Kuo, Chi-Tang Ho, Tzong-Der Way
CWF-145, a synthetic 2-phenyl-4-quinolone derivative exerted potent cytotoxicity against prostate cancer. CWF-145 inhibited prostate cancer cell lines PC-3, DU-145 and LNCap. It had a very low IC50 about 200 nM against castrate-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) PC-3. We found that CWF-145 had a similar effect to clinical trial antimitotic agents in cancer cells and normal cells. CWF-145 arrested cell cycle at G2/M phase by binding to the β-tubulin at the colchicine-binding site then disrupted microtubule polymerization...
October 18, 2016: Chemico-biological Interactions
Hye-Eun Choi, Ji-Sun Shin, Dong-Gyu Leem, Soo-Dong Kim, Won-Jea Cho, Kyung-Tae Lee
Previously, we reported that 6-(3,4-dihydro-1H-isoquinolin-2-yl)-N-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl) nicotinamide (DIMN) analogues inhibited the growth of prostate cancer cells as an anti-androgenic compound. In the present study, we evaluated cytotoxic effects of these DIMN derivatives and found that DIMN-26 most potently inhibited the proliferation of the LNCap-LN3 androgen-dependent and DU145 androgen-independent prostate cancer cells through induction of G2/M phase cell cycle arrest and subsequent apoptosis. The G2/M phase arrest was found due to increases in the activation of cdc2 (also known as cyclin-dependent kinase 1, CDK1)/cyclin B1 complex...
December 25, 2016: Chemico-biological Interactions
J-Y Zhu, Y Xiong, W Zhang, J Wan, J Wan
Prostate cancer (Pca) is one of the most common types of cancer for elder men. Aberrant expression of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and EGFR downstream signaling have been known to contribute to disease progression in prostate cancer. EGF-stimulated EGFR is internalized and the process of endocytic degradation of EGFR mediates its signaling which is frequently dysregulated in many kinds of cancer. In the present study, we demonstrated that endophilin B1 expression was inhibited and EGFR expression was significantly increased in prostate cancer cell lines...
2016: Cellular and Molecular Biology
Faezeh Almasi, Seyed Latif Mousavi Gargari, Fatemeh Bitaraf, Samaneh Rasoulinejad
BACKGROUND: Nowadays, highly specific aptamers generated by cell SELEX technology (systematic evolution of ligands by exponential enrichment) are being applied for early detection of cancer cells. Prostate Specific Membrane Antigen (PSMA), over expressed in prostate cancer, is a highly specific marker and therefore can be used for diagnosis of the prostate cancer cells. The aim of the present study was to select single-stranded DNA aptamers against LNCap cells highly expressing PSMA, using cell-SELEX method which can be used as a diagnostic tool for the detection of prostate cancer cells...
July 2016: Avicenna Journal of Medical Biotechnology
Eunsohl Lee, Ann M Decker, Frank C Cackowski, Lulia A Kana, Kenji Yumoto, Younghun Jung, Jingcheng Wang, Laura Buttitta, Todd M Morgan, Russell S Taichman
Prostate cancer (PCa) is known to develop resistance to chemotherapy. Growth arrest-specific 6 (GAS6), plays a role in tumor progression by regulating growth in many cancers. Here, we explored how GAS6 regulates the cell cycle and apoptosis of PCa cells in response to chemotherapy. We found that GAS6 is sufficient to significantly increase the number and duration of G1 phase in PCa cells. Importantly, GAS6 further increased the number of G1 arrested cells during docetaxel chemotherapy. GAS6 altered the signals of key cell cycle regulators: Cyclin B1 (G2 /M phase), CDC25A, Cyclin E1, and CDK2 (S phase entry) were all downregulated, while p27, p21, Cyclin D1, and CDK4 (G0 /G1 phase) were upregulated...
May 5, 2016: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
Jung-Yu Kan, Meng-Chi Yen, Jaw-Yuan Wang, Deng-Chyang Wu, Yen-Jung Chiu, Ya-Wen Ho, Po-Lin Kuo
Recent studies indicate that a high level of nesfatin-1/Nucleobindin-2 (NUCB-2) is associated with poor outcome and promotes cell migration in breast cancer and prostate cancer. However, the role of NUCB2 is not well known in colon cancer. In this study, NUCB-2 level in colon cancer tissue was higher than that in non-tumor tissue. Suppression of NUCB-2 in a colon cancer cell line SW620 inhibited migration and invasion. The microarray analysis showed that low expression level of transcription factor ZEB1 in NUCB-2 knockdowned SW620 cells...
May 24, 2016: Oncotarget
Hina Mir, Neeraj Kapur, Rajesh Singh, Guru Sonpavde, James W Lillard, Shailesh Singh
Despite state of the art cancer diagnostics and therapies offered in clinic, prostate cancer (PCa) remains the second leading cause of cancer-related deaths. Hence, more robust therapeutic/preventive regimes are required to combat this lethal disease. In the current study, we have tested the efficacy of Andrographolide (AG), a bioactive diterpenoid isolated from Andrographis paniculata, against PCa. This natural agent selectively affects PCa cell viability in a dose and time-dependent manner, without affecting primary prostate epithelial cells...
2016: Cell Cycle
Kebang Hu, Yong Tian, Yanwei Du, Liandi Huang, Junyu Chen, Na Li, Wei Liu, Zuowen Liang, Lijing Zhao
Atrazine, a widely used pesticide, is frequently detected in soil and surface water, which alarms epidemiologists and medical professionals because of its potential deleterious effects on health. Indeed, atrazine is a potent endocrine disruptor that increases aromatase expression in some human cancer cell lines. Both animal and human studies have suggested that atrazine is possibly carcinogenic, although discrepant results have been reported. In this study, RM1 cells were used to explore the atrazine effects on prostate cancer...
May 2016: International Journal of Oncology
Paola Amero, Carla Lucia Esposito, Anna Rienzo, Fortunato Moscato, Silvia Catuogno, Vittorio de Franciscis
The Eph receptors are transmembrane proteins that belong to the receptor tyrosine kinases superfamily. Elevated Eph/ephrin expression levels have been associated with angiogenesis and tumor vasculature in many types of human cancers, including breast, lung, and prostate cancers, melanoma, and leukemia. In glioblastoma (GBM), the dysregulated expression of Eph receptors and of corresponding ephrin ligands has been associated with higher tumor grade and poor prognosis making them effective targets for therapeutic drugs...
April 2016: Nucleic Acid Therapeutics
Isabel Dregely, Daniel A J Margolis, Kyunghyun Sung, Ziwu Zhou, Novena Rangwala, Steven S Raman, Holden H Wu
PURPOSE: To develop and evaluate a rapid three-dimensional (3D) quantitative T2 mapping method for prostate cancer imaging using dual echo steady state (DESS) MRI at 3T. METHODS: In simulations, DESS-T2 mapping in the presence of T1 and B1+ variations was evaluated. In a phantom and in healthy volunteers (n = 4), 3D DESS-T2 mapping was compared with a two-dimensional turbo spin echo (TSE) approach. In volunteers and a pilot patient study (n = 29), quantitative T2 in normal prostate anatomical zones and in suspected cancerous lesions was evaluated...
December 2016: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
Zongliang Lu, Rui Zhou, Ya Kong, Jiajia Wang, Wanyuan Xia, Jing Guo, Jie Liu, Hailan Sun, Kai Liu, Jian Yang, Mantian Mi, Hongxia Xu
Forkhead box O3 (FOXO3a) is a transcription factor with tumor suppressor functions that plays an important role in prostate cancer. Daidzein, one of the soy isoflavones present in soy-based foods, has been shown to exert anti-tumor effects in vitro and in vivo. We herein investigated the inhibitory effects of S-equol, an isoflavandiol metabolized from daidzein by bacterial flora in the intestines, on the LnCaP, DU145 and PC3 human prostate cancer cell lines. Our results showed that S-equol and R-equol inhibited the growth of all three cell lines...
2016: Current Cancer Drug Targets
Jianlei Lu, Peng Sun, Beibei Sun, Chao Wang
BACKGROUND The present study aimed to compare the expression of liver kinase B1 (LKB1) in prostate cancer (PCa) tissues and the paired adjacent tissues, then to evaluate the statistical relationship between LKB1 expression and prognosis of PCa patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS The relative expression of LKB1 at mRNA level was detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). The expression of LKB1 at protein level was measured by immunohistochemistry (IHC) method. The relationship between LKB1 expression and clinicopathologic characteristics was estimated by chi-square test...
2015: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Haifeng Wang, Xu Gao, Xin Lu, Yan Wang, Chunfei Ma, Zhenkai Shi, Feng Zhu, Biming He, Chuanliang Xu, Yinghao Sun
Hec1 (highly expressed in cancer) is a member of a conserved Ndc80 (nuclear division cycle 80) complex that regulates mitotic processes. Its overexpression is seen in various tumours and is associated with cancer progression. However, its expression pattern and role inhuman prostate cancer (PCa) still not clear. The aim of our study is to investigate the expression and functional role of Hec1 in human PCa. Hec1 expression was measured in 10 pairs of PCa cancerous and non-cancerous tissue samples by quantitative real-time (qRT)-PCR...
2015: Bioscience Reports
Marvin Rubenstein, Courtney M P Hollowell, Patrick Guinan
Antisense oligonucleotides have been used to target regulatory proteins in both in vivo and in vitro models of prostate cancer. Our previous studies showed that oligonucleotide-treated LNCaP prostate cancer cells compensate for diminished expression of B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia/lymphoma 2 (BCL2), an apoptosis inhibitor, by suppressing the expression of caspase-3 (an apoptosis promoter) while enhancing that of serine/threonine protein kinase (AKT1) (another apoptosis inhibitor). In addition, we found an enhanced expression of the androgen receptor (AR), its p300 and interleukin-6 (IL6) co-activators, polymerase transcription mediator (MED12), and growth-regulating signal transducer (STAT3)...
November 2015: In Vivo
Irena Saarinen, Tuomas Mirtti, Heikki Seikkula, Peter J Boström, Pekka Taimen
BACKGROUND: Prostate cancer (PCa) is the most common cancer among men in western countries. While active surveillance is increasingly utilized, the majority of patients are currently treated with radical prostatectomy. In order to avoid over-treatment, there is an indisputable need for reliable biomarkers to identify the potentially aggressive and lethal cases. Nuclear intermediate filament proteins called lamins play a role in chromatin organization, gene expression and cell stiffness...
2015: PloS One
Aijing Sun, Changlin Li, Ruibao Chen, Yiling Huang, Qi Chen, Xiangjun Cui, Huafeng Liu, J Brantley Thrasher, Benyi Li
BACKGROUND: Glycogen synthase kinase 3β (GSK3B, GSK-3β) is a multi-functional protein kinase involved in various cellular processes and its activity elevates after serum deprivation. We have shown that inhibition of GSK-3β activity triggered a profound autophagic response and subsequent necrotic cell death after serum deprivation in prostate cancer cells. In this study, we dissected the mechanisms involved in GSK-3β inhibition-triggered autophagy. METHODS: Prostate cancer PC-3 and DU145 cells were used in the study...
February 2016: Prostate
M I Kogan, E A Chernogubova, M B Chibichjan, A Je Macionis, P Je Povilajtite, D G Matishov
The aim of the study was to analyze the role of the kallikrein-kinin and renin-angiotensin systems in the molecular mechanisms of prostate cancer (PCa) and use the findings for identification of new markers of the disease. Analysis of proteolytic disturbances in the prostatic secretions in benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and prostate cancer based on the identification of key indicators of the kallikrein-kinin and renin-angiotensin system in the prostate secretion showed that kallikrein activity in prostate cancer is higher and the activity of angiotensin converting enzymes (ACE), by contrast, is lower than in BPH, apparently reflecting the reduction of angiotensin II and increase of the bradykinin content...
May 2015: Urologii︠a︡
Min Qin, Shihong Peng, Ning Liu, Meichun Hu, Yundong He, Guoliang Li, Huang Chen, Yuan He, Ang Chen, Xin Wang, Mingyao Liu, Yihua Chen, Zhengfang Yi
Microtubule plays many different essential roles in the process of tumorigenesis in many eukaryotes, and targeting mitotic progression by disturbing microtubule dynamics is used as a common strategy for cancer treatment. Microtubule-targeted drugs, including paclitaxel and Vinca alkaloids, were previously considered to work primarily by increasing or decreasing the cellular microtubule mass. The tubulin/microtubule system, which is an integral component of the cytoskeleton, is a therapeutic target for prostate cancer...
December 2015: Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
Cheng-Huang Shen, Tien-Huang Lin, You-Liang Hsieh, Chia-Yao Shen, Sheng-Chu Kuo, Hsi-Chin Wu, Wen-Shin Chien, Dennis Jine-Yuan Hsieh, Su-Ying Wen, Wei-Jen Ting, Chun-Hsu Yao, Chih-Yang Huang
In this study, the antitumor activity of KHC-4 was analyzed using human prostate cancer (CaP) cells and the underlining anticancer mechanisms of KHC-4 were identified. KHC-4 inhibited cell proliferation and induced cytotoxicity in the castration-resistant CaP DU145 cell line. The most effective concentration of KHC-4 was 0.1 μM. Cell cycle analysis demonstrated that KHC-4 treatment caused G2/M arrest and a subsequent increase in the sub-G1 population. Furthermore, KHC-4 is up-regulated p21, p27, and p53 in a time- and concentration-dependent manner...
August 25, 2015: Environmental Toxicology
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