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A2 Urologic Oncologic

Y Hirao, S Ozono, Y Kagebayashi, M Yoshi, Y Tani, H Uemura, H Momose, E Okajima
The number of cases of prostate carcinoma (PCA) is steadily inceasing in Japan. The clinical application of a reliable tumor marker, prostate specific antigen (PSA) for the diagnosis, as well as the increasing elderly population in Japan may account for this increase. The subjects were patients at the Nara Medical University and its affiliated hospitals; 1) 687 cases without PCA were evaluated for age-specific PSA and the incidence of abnormal PSA following urological manipulations, 2) 135 cases with histological proven BPH by transurethral resection of prostate (TUR-P) were examined for PSA density (PSAD) and positive PSA rate in BPH, 3) 135 cases receiving a needle biopsy with suspicion of PCA were examined for the efficacy of PSA and PSAD and other parameters, and 4) 459 PCA cases treated between 1988 and 1994, were examined for specific PSA and PSAD values by stage and degree of cell differentiation...
October 1996: Hinyokika Kiyo. Acta Urologica Japonica
E K Reddy, L Krishnan, S Giri, R G Evans, W K Mebust, J W Weigel
From 1975 to 1982, 205 patients with local prostate cancer were treated at the radiation oncology department, the University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, Kansas. Patients' median age was 73 years. All of the patients were staged according to American Urologic staging criteria. Twenty-eight patients had stage A2 cancer, 91 patients had stage B cancer, and 86 patients had stage C cancer. All patients were treated using megavoltage radiation (dosage range: 6000 cGy to 7100 cGy). The follow-up period ranged from a minimum of 8 years to a maximum of 15 years (median: 9...
February 1993: Journal of the National Medical Association
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