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A1 European Urology

R M Lunn, D A Bell, J L Mohler, J A Taylor
Prostate cancer is the most common malignancy in males and is the second most common cause of cancer mortality in American men. Polymorphisms have been identified in two genes, the 17-hydroxylase cytochrome P450 gene (CYP17) and the steroid 5-reductase type II gene (SRD5A2) that are involved with androgen biosynthesis and metabolism. The CYP17 A2 allele contains a T-->C transition in the 5' promoter region that creates an additional Sp1-type (CCACC box) promoter site. The SRD5A2 valine to leucine (V89L) polymorphism has been correlated with lower dihydroxytestosterone levels...
September 1999: Carcinogenesis
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