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Anals of Surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655872/-contribution-of-the-scrotal-flap-for-the-coverage-of-ischial-and-perineal-pressure-ulcers
#1
M Vantomme, R Viard, R Aimard, P-L Vincent, J-P Comparin, D Voulliaume
INTRODUCTION: The ischiatric pressure sore is a common pathology in rehabilitated spinal cord injured people, despite careful prevention. Medical treatment by discharge and directed healing is not always sufficient and surgery using local musculocutaneous flaps is often essential. Unfortunately, recidivism is frequent and the availability of local flaps is limited. The scrotal flap is an excellent complement to classic flaps, gluteal flaps or hamstrings. It can be used alone or in addition to another musculocutaneous flap, in first or second intention...
April 11, 2018: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652112/mucopexy-recto-anal-lifting-mu-ral-a-standardized-minimally-invasive-method-of-managing-symptomatic-hemorrhoids-with-an-innovative-suturing-technique-and-the-hemorpex-system%C3%A2
#2
Claudio Pagano, Contardo Vergani, Carlo Invernizzi, Massimo Bussone, Guido Benegiamo, Marco Venturi
BACKGROUND: Conservative surgery of hemorrhoidal disease is less painful than traditional hemorrhoidectomy, and mucopexy has less risk of serious postoperative complications than stapled hemorrhoidopexy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of a standardized, modified hemorrhoidopexy, named Mucopexy-Recto Anal Lifting (MuRAL),with the HemorPex System (HPS) in patients with symptomatic III and IV degree hemorrhoids. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients were enrolled from May 2013 to Dec 2015 and operated on with the MuRAL technique, based on arterial ligation and mucopexy at 6 locations, using a standardized clockwise/anti-clockwise rotation sequence of the HPS anoscope...
April 12, 2018: Minerva Chirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651553/fistulectomy-with-primary-sphincter-reconstruction
#3
Steffen Seyfried, Dieter Bussen, Andreas Joos, Christian Galata, Christel Weiss, Alexander Herold
AIM: Despite modern medical techniques, anatomically proximal (high) anal fistulas are still a challenge in colorectal surgery. In previous years, the standard of care was complete fistulectomy with a high rate of continence disorders. Over the past 20 to 30 years, sphincter-saving procedures have gained wide acceptance. They represent the technique used in these cases. Additionally, many patients received indefinite treatment, namely the placement of a seton to maintain surgical drainage...
April 12, 2018: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650933/-a-case-of-laparoscopic-rectal-amputation-performed-for-anal-gland-mucinous-carcinoma-with-pagetoid-spread
#4
Yohei Nose, Kohei Murata, Yoshinori Kagawa, Takuya Sakamato, Atsushi Naito, Kohei Murakami, Yoshiteru Katsura, Yoshiaki Ohmura, Atsushi Takeno, Shinichi Nakatsuka, Yutaka Takeda, Takeshi Kato, Shigeyuki Tamura
A 69-year-old man was admitted for the growing anal tumor and referred to our hospital. The tumor was about 40mm in size, and by biopsy, he was diagnosed the adenocarcinoma. Based on this diagnosis, abdominoperinealresection and edge resection were performed. Histopathologicalfindings showed mucinous carcinoma originating from analgl and with pagetoid spread. Postoperative chemotherapy was not performed, but 1 year 6 months after the surgery, inguinall ymph node recurrence was found, and lymph node dissection was performed...
March 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650925/-a-case-of-colon-cancer-with-brain-liver-and-lung-metastasis-successfully-treated-with-bevacizumab-plus-xelox-therapy
#5
Tomokazu Tokoro, Keishi Nakamura, Atsushi Hirose, Shinichi Nakanuma, Kohichi Okamoto, Jun Kinoshita, Isamu Makino, Hironori Hayashi, Katsunobu Oyama, Tomoharu Miyashita, Hidehiro Tajima, Hiroyuki Takamura, Itasu Ninomiya, Sachio Fushida, Tetsuo Ohta
The patient was a 57-year-old woman. Preclinical examination of malignant lymphoma revealed 0-I sp type of early rectal cancer in the upper rectum, 20 cm from the anal margin. Endoscopic mucosal resection was performed and positive deep margins were pathologically diagnosed. Additional intestinal resection with lymph node dissection was deemed necessary, but ABVD therapy was initiated because the clinical stage of the malignant lymphoma was Stage III b or higher. Two months after detecting elevated CEA, S8 liver metastasis was pointed out, and examination of weakness of the right upper limb revealed nodular, multifocal brain metastasis...
March 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650924/-endoscopy-assisted-partial-duodenal-resection-for-duodenal-adenoma-in-a-patient-with-familial-adenomatous-polyposis
#6
Tomoaki Hirashima, Shinobu Ohnuma, Hideaki Karasawa, Kazuhiro Watanabe, Hirofumi Imoto, Takeshi Aoki, Katsuyoshi Kudoh, Naoki Tanaka, Munenori Nagao, Hiroaki Musha, Fuyuhiko Motoi, Takashi Kamei, Takeshi Naitoh, Michiaki Unno
We here report a case of endoscopy-assisted partial duodenal resection for duodenal adenoma in a patient with familial adenomatous polyposis(FAP). A male underwent total proctocolectomy with ileal pouch anal anastomosis in 1997. Since 2004, duodenal adenomas occurred and the atypical grade of adenoma was gradually aggravated. Therefore, he underwent endoscopy-assisted partial duodenal resection in 2013. The pathological finding of the specimen showed well-differentiated tubular adenocarcinoma(pM, ly0, v0). No recurrence has been observed at 4 years after the operation...
March 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650913/-a-case-of-laparoscopic-hartmann-s-operation-for-perforation-of-rectal-cancer-in-superior-elderly-people
#7
Tomohito Sakai, Koji Soga, Toru Mizutani, Shunji Kato, Shouji Hirashima, Minoru Nishio, Toshimori Koh, Atsushi Oguro, Noboru Nakagawa
We report a case where home discharge was possible after laparoscopic Hartmann's operation for superior elderly perforation of rectal cancer. The patient was 91-year-old, a woman. She was delivered to the emergency room complaining of weakness. We diagnosed rectal perforation and started emergency laparoscopic surgery. Rectal cancer perforation was observed during surgery and laparoscopic Hartmann's operation plus D2 lymph node dissection was performed. The operation time was 3 hours 21 minutes, the blood loss was 10 g...
March 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650853/-a-case-of-combined-treatment-approach-of-endoscopic-submucosal-dissection-and-transanal-minimally-invasive-surgery-for-radiation-induced-rectal-cancer
#8
Toru Miyake, Hiromichi Sonoda, Tomoharu Shimizu, Tomoyuki Ueki, Haruki Mori, Katsushi Takebayashi, Sachiko Kaida, Tsuyoshi Yamaguchi, Hiroya Iida, Hiromitsu Ban, Masaji Tani
It is hard to determine treatment strategy for radiation induced carcinoma, because radiation cause fibrosis to adjacent organ.The patient was in the 70's, who underwent 70 Gy radiation therapy for prostate cancer 5 years ago.He visited hospital because of fecal occult blood.Endoscopic examination revealed laterally spreading tumor(LST)in rectal front wall, and he referred to our hospital in purpose of endoscopic submucosal dissection(ESD).We performed ESD for LST, following transanal minimally invasive surgery to suture mucosal defect...
April 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650851/-a-case-of-isolated-lateral-pelvic-lymph-node-recurrence-after-tme-for-early-lower-rectal-cancer-treated-with-laparoscopic-lateral-lymph-node-dissection
#9
Ryuichiro Kimura, Masayoshi Yasui, Masayuki Ohue, Yusuke Takahashi, Norikatsu Miyoshi, Yoshitomo Yanagimoto, Keijiro Sugimura, Akira Tomokuni, Hirofumi Akita, Moon Jeong-Ho, Shogo Kobayashi, Hidenori Takahashi, Takeshi Omori, Yoshiyuki Fujiwara, Hiroshi Miyata, Masahiko Yano, Masato Sakon
There are no established treatment protocol for isolated lateral lymph node recurrence in patients with T1 lower rectal cancer, because such case is very rare. In our institution, this is the only recorded case of lateral node recurrence post-resection. It has been documented in several studies that salvage surgery for colorectal cancer improves prognosis. However, there were only 3 reported cases found for lateral lymph node metastasis from colorectal cancer that underwent excision. In this study, we report a rare case of lateral lymph node recurrence after trans-anal resection for T1 lower rectal cancer wherein we performed laparoscopic right lateral pelvic lymph node dissection...
April 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649668/laparoscopic-vs-open-restorative-proctocolectomy-with-ipaa-for-ulcerative-colitis-impact-of-surgical-technique-on-creating-a-well-functioning-pouch
#10
Michela Mineccia, Francesca Cravero, Paolo Massucco, Luca Portigliotti, Franco Bertolino, Marco Daperno, Alessandro Ferrero
BACKGROUND: Patients with ulcerative colitis are often young, and proctocolectomy with restorative ileo-pouch anal anastomosis is a crucial act that can improve or worsen the quality of the rest of their lives. The literature is scant on long-term functional outcomes after laparoscopy. The purpose of this study was to investigate results in terms of pouch function after standardized total laparoscopic technique compared with open intervention. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective comparative study...
April 9, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643327/comparison-of-effects-of-vessel-sealing-devices-and-conventional-hemorrhoidectomy-on-postoperative-pain-and-quality-of-life
#11
Murat Kendirci, İbrahim Tayfun Şahiner, Yeliz Şahiner, Güven Güney
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to investigate the early and late results of use of LigaSure, Harmonic Scalpel, and conventional hemorrhoidectomy in hemorrhoidectomy, to determine the least painful method, and to investigate the relationship between pain perception and personal differences in hemorrhoid bundles. MATERIAL AND METHODS Ninety patients undergoing hemorrhoidectomy between 2014 and 2017 were retrospectively evaluated. We investigated the duration of hospitalization and the presence of bleeding, incontinence, perianal wetness, urinary retention, stenosis, and recurrence during follow-up after surgery...
April 12, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629355/risk-factors-of-stoma-re-creation-after-closure-of-diverting-ileostomy-in-patients-with-rectal-cancer-who-underwent-low-anterior-resection-or-intersphincteric-resection-with-loop-ileostomy
#12
Ook Song, Kyung Hwan Kim, Soo Young Lee, Chang Hyun Kim, Young Jin Kim, Hyeong Rok Kim
Purpose: The aim of this study was to identify the risk factors of stoma re-creation after closure of diverting ileostomy in patients with rectal cancer who underwent low anterior resection (LAR) or intersphincteric resection (ISR) with loop ileostomy. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 520 consecutive patients with rectal cancer who underwent LAR or ISR with loop ileostomy from January 2005 to December 2014 at Chonnam National University Hwasun Hospital. Risk factors for stoma re-creation after ileostomy closure were evaluated...
April 2018: Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624549/phase-ii-clinical-trial-to-evaluate-the-efficacy-of-transanal-endoscopic-total-mesorectal-excision-for-rectal-cancer
#13
Sung Chan Park, Dae Kyung Sohn, Min Jung Kim, Hee Jin Chang, Kyung Su Han, Jong Hee Hyun, Jungnam Joo, Jae Hwan Oh
BACKGROUND: Total mesorectal excision has become the standard treatment for rectal cancer, and several investigators have shown that a transanal approach is a feasible option. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of transanal endoscopic total mesorectal excision in patients with rectal cancer. DESIGN: This study was a prospective, single-arm phase II trial. It was registered on clinicaltrials.gov under identifier NCT02406118...
May 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618340/3d-high-resolution-anorectal-manometry-in-patients-with-perianal-fistulas-comparison-with-3d-anal-ultrasound
#14
Richelle J F Felt-Bersma, Maarten S Vlietstra, Paul F Vollebregt, Ingrid J M Han-Geurts, Vera Rempe-Sorm, Grietje J H Vander Mijnsbrugge, Charlotte B H Molenaar
BACKGROUND: Perianal fistula surgery can damage the anal sphincters which may cause faecal incontinence. By measuring regional pressures, 3D-HRAM potentially provides better guidance for surgical strategy in patients with perianal fistulas. The aim was to measure regional anal pressures with 3D-HRAM and to compare these with 3D-EUS findings in patients with perianal fistulas. METHODS: Consecutive patients with active perianal fistulas who underwent both 3D-EUS and 3D-HRAM at a clinic specialised in proctology were included...
April 4, 2018: BMC Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617820/fecal-incontinence-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
Phillip Gu, M Ellen Kuenzig, Gilaad G Kaplan, Mark Pimentel, Ali Rezaie
Background: Understanding of the prevalence, pathophysiology, and management of fecal incontinence (FI) in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients without an ileal pouch anal anastomosis (IPAA) is suboptimal. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis on the prevalence, pathophysiology, and management of primary FI in IBD patients without IPAA. Methods: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (1966 through March 2017) for studies on the prevalence, physiology, or management of FI in IBD patients without IPAA...
March 30, 2018: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616446/biomechanics-based-graph-matching-for-augmented-ct-cbct
#16
Jaime Garcia Guevara, Igor Peterlik, Marie-Odile Berger, Stéphane Cotin
PURPOSE: Augmenting intraoperative cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) images with preoperative computed tomography data in the context of image-guided liver therapy is proposed. The expected benefit is an improved visualization of tumor(s), vascular system and other internal structures of interest. METHOD: An automatic elastic registration based on matching of vascular trees extracted from both the preoperative and intraoperative images is presented. Although methods dedicated to nonrigid graph matching exist, they are not efficient when large intraoperative deformations of tissues occur, as is the case during the liver surgery...
April 3, 2018: International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608959/clinical-diagnostic-and-therapeutic-aspects-of-221-consecutive-anorectal-chlamydia-trachomatis-and-neisseria-gonorrhoeae-sexually-transmitted-infections-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#17
J Lourtet Hascoet, M Dahoun, M Cohen, E Pommaret, B Pilmis, N Lemarchand, A Mizrahi, M Aubert, V de Parades, A Le Monnier
OBJECTIVES: Proctitis caused by Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) and Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG) are known as sexually transmitted infections (STI). This study describes their clinical, diagnostic and therapeutic aspects. METHODS: Between 01/2013-03/2015, all MSM consulting for proctitis at proctology Institute-Saint-Joseph's Hospital, Paris, were included. Demographic, past-medical history, STI status and medical treatment were collected. Detection of CT/NG was performed by Transcription-Mediated Amplification (TMA) and antimicrobial susceptibilities for Ng by agar diffusion method...
March 30, 2018: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603401/platelet-to-lymphocyte-ratio-in-acute-aortic-dissection
#18
Eftihia Sbarouni, Panagiota Georgiadou, Elias Kosmas, Antonis Analitis, Vassilis Voudris
BACKGROUND: Inflammation plays an important role in the initiation and progression of acute aortic dissection (AAD). New inflammatory indices derived from full cell blood count and its differential may be associated with increased risk. We evaluated platelet-lymphocyte (PLR), red cell distribution width (RDW) and RDW/PLT's (platelets) (RPR) in AAD. METHODS: We studied 120 consecutive patients with AAD type I admitted for emergency surgery (group I), 121 consecutive patients with aortic aneurysms of the ascending aorta prior to elective repair (group II) and 121 controls (group III), age and sex matched...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596032/occurrence-and-characterization-of-carbapenemase-producing-enterobacteriaceae-in-a-tunisian-hospital
#19
Rania Ben Helal, Raoudha Dziri, Meriem Chedly, Naouel Klibi, Farouk Barguellil, Mohamed Selim El Asli, Mohamed Ben Moussa
Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae have become of particular concern, since they were quickly disseminated in various areas in the world. The aim of the study was to investigate the prevalence of carbapenemase production among clinical isolates of Enterobacteriaceae recovered from the Military Hospital of Tunisia. Bacterial isolates (n = 125) were recovered from patients in diverse services from March 2014 to February 2016 and identified by Vitek II Compact® . The multiplex PCR for blaVIM , blaIMP , blaNDM , blaKPC , and blaOXA-48 with subsequent amplicon detection by reverse hybridization was performed with the Hyplex SuperBug ID test system (AmplexDiagnostics GmbH, Gars-Bahnhof, Germany)...
March 29, 2018: Microbial Drug Resistance: MDR: Mechanisms, Epidemiology, and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577225/-progress-in-the-treatment-of-surgical-procedures-for-slow-transit-constipation
#20
Dong Wei
Slow transit constipation (STC) is the most common type of chronic constipation, and surgical treatment is one of the most important means for the treatment of slow transit constipation. With the introduction of the concept of STC and the normalization of STC treatment, development of surgical treatment in slow transit constipation is continuous, and the innovation of the operation method in slow transit constipation is continuous as well from partial colectomy, total colectomy (including ileorectal anastomosis, anorectal anastomosis and ileum bag anal canal anastomosis) to subtotal colectomy (including ileosigmoid colon anastomosis, isoperistaltic cecum rectal anastomosis and antiperistaltic cecum rectal anastomosis)...
March 25, 2018: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
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