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Anals of Surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926556/natural-orifice-specimen-extraction-with-single-stapling-colorectal-anastomosis-for-laparoscopic-anterior-resection-feasibility-outcomes-and-technical-considerations
#1
Bansal Saurabh, Sheng-Chi Chang, Tao-Wei Ke, Yu-Chun Huang, Takashi Kato, Hwei-Ming Wang, William Tzu-Liang Chen, Abe Fingerhut
BACKGROUND: Double and triple stapling techniques to close the rectal stump in laparoscopic anterior resection are fraught with technical drawbacks that could possibly be avoided with the use of the single stapling technique. However, little is known of its safety in laparoscopic surgery or outcomes when combined with natural orifice specimen extraction. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to analyze the feasibility and the operative and immediate postoperative outcomes of single-stapled anastomosis and natural orifice specimen extraction with conventional techniques...
January 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924392/colonic-stenting-as-a-bridge-to-surgery-versus-emergency-surgery-for-malignant-colonic-obstruction-results-of-a-multicentre-randomised-controlled-trial-esco-trial
#2
Alberto Arezzo, Carmen Balague, Eduardo Targarona, Felice Borghi, Giorgio Giraudo, Luigi Ghezzo, Antonio Arroyo, Javier Sola-Vera, Paolo De Paolis, Maurizio Bossotti, Elisa Bannone, Edoardo Forcignanò, Marco Augusto Bonino, Roberto Passera, Mario Morino
BACKGROUND: The aim of colonic stenting with self-expandable metallic stents in neoplastic colon obstruction is to avoid emergency surgery and thus potentially reduce morbidity, mortality, and need for a stoma. Concern has been raised, however, about the effect of colonic stenting on short-term complications and long-term survival. We compared morbidity rates after colonic stenting as a bridge to surgery (SBTS) versus emergency surgery (ES) in the management of left-sided malignant large-bowel obstruction...
December 6, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919575/a-prospective-algorithm-to-reduce-anastomotic-leaks-after-rectosigmoid-resection-for-gynecologic-malignancies
#3
E Kalogera, C C Nitschmann, S C Dowdy, W A Cliby, C L Langstraat
OBJECTIVE: Determine whether a standardized protocol for temporary bowel diversion after rectosigmoid resection (RSR) for cytoreduction can reduce the rate of anastomotic leak (AL). METHODS: A prospective quality improvement project for patients undergoing RSR during debulking surgery from 07/2013 to 01/2016 was conducted. Patients with any of the following underwent temporary diversion: preoperative albumin ≤3.0g/dL, prior pelvic radiation, RSR plus additional large bowel resection (LBR), anastomosis (AS) ≤6cm from the anal verge, failed leak test or contamination of the pelvis with stool...
December 2, 2016: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912977/functional-outcomes-in-hirschsprung-disease-a-single-institution-s-12-year-experience
#4
Hemanshoo S Thakkar, Christopher Bassett, Andy Hsu, Riccardo Manuele, Dorothy Kufeji, Catherine A Richards, Meena Agrawal, Alireza S Keshtgar
AIMS: Hirschsprung disease (HD) is a chronic condition associated with long-term morbidity. We assessed the short and long-term functional outcomes of operated patients in a single institution over a 12-year period. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of all children operated for HD between 2002 and 2014. Postoperative functional outcomes were assessed using the Rintala Bowel Function Score (BFS, 0-20, 20=best score). We assessed hospital admissions, complications including Hirschsprung associated enterocolitis (HAEC) and the need for further surgical procedures...
November 14, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902515/comparison-of-health-related-quality-of-life-and-disability-in-ulcerative-colitis-patients-following-restorative-proctocolectomy-with-ileal-pouch-anal-anastomosis-versus-anti-tumor-necrosis-factor-therapy
#5
Sara van Gennep, Saloomeh Sahami, Christianne J Buskens, Gijs R van den Brink, Cyriel Y Ponsioen, André D'Hoore, Anthony de Buck van Overstraeten, Gert van Assche, Marc Ferrante, Séverine Vermeire, Willem A Bemelman, Geert R A M D'Haens, Mark Löwenberg
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Health-related quality of life (HRQL) and disability were compared in ulcerative colitis (UC) patients who underwent restorative proctocolectomy versus patients who received treatment with anti-tumor necrosis factor (anti-TNF) agents. PATIENTS AND METHODS: UC patients who underwent restorative proctocolectomy or started anti-TNF treatment between January 2010 and January 2015 were included at two tertiary referral centers. A matched cohort was created using propensity score matching for the covariates disease duration, Montreal classification, age, and sex...
November 29, 2016: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900043/second-look-surgery-following-hartmann-s-procedure-for-obstructive-left-sided-colorectal-cancer
#6
Naohito Beppu, Fumihiko Kimura, Nagahide Matsubara, Masashi Noda, Naohiro Tomita, Hidenori Yanagi, Naoki Yamanaka
The aim of the present study was to investigate the short- and long-term outcomes of patients undergoing second-look surgery following Hartmann's procedure for obstructive left-sided colorectal cancer (LSCC). All patients included in the present study had undergone radical surgery with Hartmann's procedure for obstructive LSCC. Adjuvant chemotherapy was recommended for all patients, and patients with no signs of recurrence following six months of surveillance were planned to undergo second-look surgery. The aim of second-look surgery was early detection of local recurrence and determination of the efficacy of laparoscopic Hartmann procedure reversal...
November 2016: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896653/clinical-characteristics-of-stoma-related-obstruction-after-ileal-pouch-anal-anastomosis-for-ulcerative-colitis
#7
Yoshiki Okita, Toshimitsu Araki, Satoru Kondo, Hiroyuki Fujikawa, Shigeyuki Yoshiyama, Junichiro Hiro, Mikihiro Inoue, Yuji Toiyama, Minako Kobayashi, Masaki Ohi, Yasuhiro Inoue, Keiichi Uchida, Yasuhiko Mohri, Masato Kusunoki
AIMS: We defined small bowel obstruction occurring around the limbs of the ileostomy as stoma-related obstruction (SRO) and investigated the clinical characteristics and predictive factors of SRO. METHODS: From January 2002 to March 2016, 309 consecutive patients who underwent ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA) for ulcerative colitis were enrolled. Two-stage IPAA with diverting ileostomy was analyzed. We assessed the possible associations between SRO and clinical factors...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894384/-reconstruction-of-anal-stenosis-induced-by-scar-contracture-after-repair-of-defect-in-perineal-region-with-paraumbilical-flap-using-random-pattern-flap
#8
Q Liu, X B You, Z Cai, K Y Tang, H Zhang
Objective: To investigate the method and timing of reconstruction of anal stenosis induced by scar contracture after repair of defect in perineal region with paraumbilical flap using random pattern flap. Methods: Ten patients who suffered anal stenosis induced by scar contracture after the first phase repair of defect of perineal region with paraumbilical flap were hospitalized from July 2009 to September 2015. Eight patients were with central type scar contracture of perineal region after healing of burn wound, and two patients were with lesion of perineal region which had been excised...
November 20, 2016: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889031/surveillance-of-anal-canal-cancers
#9
REVIEW
Richard Adams
Anal squamous cell cancer is most frequently a locoregional disease that is amenable to curative therapy in a majority of fit patients. Complete response rates after chemoradiotherapy (CRT) are good, with up to 75% of patients with no evidence of relapse on surveillance. Relapse is most frequently locoregional and is often amendable to salvage surgery with curative intent. Effective surveillance attempts to improve outcomes by identifying recurrent or persistent disease early, managing both acute and late toxicities, and offering reassurance to patients...
January 2017: Surgical Oncology Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889030/locally-recurrent-disease-related-to-anal-canal-cancers
#10
REVIEW
Tarik Sammour, Miguel A Rodriguez-Bigas, John M Skibber
Surgery for anal cancer is usually reserved for patients with persistent disease or local recurrence after definitive chemoradiation therapy. Patients with local recurrence should be re-evaluated for evidence of metastatic disease using positron emission tomography-computed tomography, and the local anatomy should be delineated with MRI. Eligible patients should undergo tailored surgery with the aim of achieving an R0 resection. Management is best undertaken within a specialized multidisciplinary setting. Careful patient selection and shared decision making are paramount for achieving acceptable patient-centered outcomes...
January 2017: Surgical Oncology Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885389/mri-features-of-perianal-fistulas-is-there-a-difference-between-crohn-s-and-non-crohn-s-patients
#11
Irai S Oliveira, Aoife Kilcoyne, Melissa C Price, Mukesh Harisinghani
PURPOSE: Though perianal fistulas are commonly seen in patients with Crohn's disease, they can also be seen in patients without inflammatory bowel disease. The purpose of this study was to evaluate MR imaging differences of perianal fistulas in patients with and without Crohn's disease. METHODS: Our retrospective search from January 2012 to December 2015 of the Radiology database for perianal fistula yielded 207 patients. Only patients with dedicated MR fistula protocol studies were included, whereas patients with previous anal surgery or anastomosis, anorectal tumors, and equivocal findings that could not be definitely assessed as a fistula were excluded...
November 24, 2016: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878619/an-open-prospective-study-evaluating-efficacy-and-safety-of-a-new-medical-device-for-rectal-application-of-activated-carbon-in-the-treatment-of-chronic-uncomplicated-perianal-fistulas
#12
Antoni Zawadzki, Louis Banka Johnson, Måns Bohe, Claes Johansson, Mats Ekelund, Ole Haagen Nielsen
PURPOSE: It has been proposed that biological/chemical substances in the intestine might play a role in the occurrence and deterioration of perianal fistulas. Elimination of such unidentified factors from the lower gastrointestinal tract might offer a new strategy for the management of anal fistulas. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical effects on non-Crohn's disease perianal fistula healing, and the safety and tolerability of a new medical device that applies high-purity, high-activity granular activated carbon locally into the rectum twice daily of patients with perianal fistulas without any concomitant medication...
November 23, 2016: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858861/laparoscopic-assisted-low-anterior-resection-for-advanced-rectal-cancer-in-a-kidney-transplant-recipient-a-case-report
#13
Zenan Xia, Weijie Chen, Ru Yao, Guole Lin, Huizhong Qiu
INTRODUCTION: Development of de novo malignancy has become a major cause of late mortality in solid organ transplant recipients. Surgery is currently the most important treatment of choice for transplant patients with resectable CRC. However, conventional open surgery represents a great risk to these high-risk patients. They seem to benefit more from laparoscopic surgery, based on the favorable oncological outcome and remarkable short-term advantages of this approach. PATIENT CONCERNS: In this study, we have reported a case of a 50-year-old man who had underwent kidney transplantation for 4 years...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857822/revision-of-metal-on-metal-hip-arthroplasty-with-well-fixed-and-positioned-acetabular-component-using-a-dual-mobility-head-and-review-of-literature
#14
Guillem Figueras, Ramón Vives Planell, Ramón Serra Fernàndez, Joan Camí Biayna
BACKGROUND: As a consequence of use of metal-on-metal hip arthroplasties some patients have precised revision for pain or metal hipersensivity reactions among other causes. We propose to salvage monoblock acetabular component and femoral component using a dual-mobility head and perform a lower morbidity operation in young patients preserving host bone stock in cases with well fixed and positioned components. OBJECTIVE: (1) What clinical problems have been reported in patients with Metal-on-metal hip arthroplasties? (2) Could the tribocorrosion potentially cause a fracture of neck femoral component? (3) Can be the dual-mobility head a recourse in metal-on-metal hip revision? METHODS: Ten patients were revised for pain or/and raised Cobalt/Chromium levels between August 2012 and December 2015...
2016: Open Orthopaedics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855530/the-role-of-a-defunctioning-stoma-for-colonic-and-perianal-crohn-s-disease-in-the-biological-era
#15
M Martí-Gallostra, P Myrelid, N Mortensen, S Keshav, S P L Travis, B George
OBJECTIVE: A defunctioning stoma is a therapeutic option for colonic or perianal Crohn's disease. In the pre-biologic era the response rate to defunctioning in our unit was high (86%), but intestinal continuity was only restored in 11-20%. Few data exist on the outcome of defunctioning since the widespread introduction of biologicals. MATERIAL AND METHODS: All patients undergoing a defunctioning stoma for colonic/perianal Crohn's disease since 2003-2011 were identified from a prospective database...
November 18, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849331/-fournier-s-gangrene-after-anorectal-surgery-in-infant-two-case-reports
#16
Murat Sütçü, Güntulu Duran Şık, Feryal Gün, Ayper Somer, Nuran Salman
Necrotizing fasciitis is a life-threatening soft tissue infection characterized by progressive necrosis of the skin, subcutaneous tissues and fascia. Fournier's gangrene (FG) is a serious and aggressive form of infective necrotizing fasciitis involving perineal region and genitalia. Presently described are 2 pediatric cases of FG with widespread necrosis of surrounding tissue following anorectal surgery, causing severe septic shock. Case 1: Six-month-old female patient with anal stenosis and duplication presented at emergency clinic with fever, somnolence, irritability, and feeding difficulty...
September 2016: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833524/idiopathic-spinal-cord-herniation-a-case-report
#17
Abdullah Alkhamees, Francois Proust
Idiopathic spinal cord herniation (ISCH) is a rare cause of progressive spinal myelopathy, which frequently presents as Brown-Sequard syndrome. A 50 year old woman consulted for difficulty in walking. On examination, the patient reported sensory deficit of temperature on the left side, associated with diminished anal sensitivity. Nine months before consultation, a walking disorder began disturbing the activities of everyday life. A single case report with surgical treatment outcome. Idiopathic spinal cord herniation is a potentially treatable condition, which should be diagnosed early and treated...
October 2016: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832426/long-term-outcomes-in-indeterminate-colitis-patients-undergoing-ileal-pouch-anal-anastomosis-function-quality-of-life-and-complications
#18
Katharine L Jackson, Luca Stocchi, Leonardo Duraes, Ahmet Rencuzogullari, Ana E Bennett, Feza H Remzi
INTRODUCTION: It is uncertain whether the outcomes of patients with indeterminate colitis (IC) undergoing ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA) deteriorate over time. The aim of this study was to determine the long-term pouch function, quality of life, complications, and incidence of Crohn's disease after IPAA for patients with IC compared to ulcerative colitis (UC). METHODS: A case matched analysis was performed on patients undergoing IPAA for pathologically confirmed IC or UC, between 1985 and 2014...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830038/advances-in-minimally-invasive-neonatal-colorectal-surgery
#19
REVIEW
Ashwath S Bandi, Catherine J Bradshaw, Stefano Giuliani
Over the last two decades, advances in laparoscopic surgery and minimally invasive techniques have transformed the operative management of neonatal colorectal surgery for conditions such as anorectal malformations (ARMs) and Hirschsprung's disease. Evolution of surgical care has mainly occurred due to the use of laparoscopy, as opposed to a laparotomy, for intra-abdominal procedures and the development of trans-anal techniques. This review describes these advances and outlines the main minimally invasive techniques currently used for management of ARMs and Hirschsprung's disease...
October 27, 2016: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813487/-quality-of-life-after-colectomy-due-to-ulcerative-colitis
#20
Katrin Gudlaugsdottir, Elsa B Valsdottir, Tryggvi B Stefansson
INTRODUCTION: A significant proportion of patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) undergo colectomy. The aim was to assess the quality of life (QOL) of these patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: All patients with UC who underwent colectomy at The National University Hospital of Iceland or Akureyri Hospital 1995-2009 were included. 106 patients received three questionnaires. SF-36v2 and EORTC are standardised QOL-questionnaires. The third contained functional questions designed by the researchers...
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