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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905664/video-ethnography-during-and-after-caesarean-sections-methodological-challenges
#1
Jeni Stevens, Virginia Schmied, Elaine Burns, Hannah G Dahlen
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This paper will describe the challenges of, and steps taken to successfully collect video ethnographic data during and after caesarean sections. BACKGROUND: Video ethnographic research utilises real-time video footage to study a cultural group or phenomenon in the natural environment. It allows researchers to discover previously undocumented practices, which in-turn provides insight into strengths and weaknesses in practice. This knowledge can be used to translate evidence-based interventions into practice...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27586821/medicinal-plants-used-for-management-of-malaria-among-the-luhya-community-of-kakamega-east-sub-county-kenya
#2
Nillian Mukungu, Kennedy Abuga, Faith Okalebo, Raphael Ingwela, Julius Mwangi
BACKGROUND: Malaria remains a major health problem worldwide especially in sub-Saharan Africa. In Kenya, 80% of the population is at risk of contracting the disease. Pregnant mothers and children under five years are the most affected by this disease. Antimalarial drug resistance poses a major threat in the fight against malaria necessitating continuous search for new antimalarial drugs. Due to inadequate and inaccessible health facilities, majority of people living in rural communities heavily depend on traditional medicine which involves the use of medicinal plants for the management of malaria...
August 29, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27216405/undocumented-migrant-women-in-denmark-have-inadequate-access-to-pregnancy-screening-and-have-a-higher-prevalence-hepatitis-b-virus-infection-compared-to-documented-migrants-in-denmark-a-prevalence-study
#3
Annika Wendland, Boje K Ehmsen, Vibeke Lenskjold, Birgitte S Astrup, Marlene Mohr, Christopher J Williams, Susan A Cowan
BACKGROUND: Pregnant residents of Denmark are tested by their GP for current infections with Hepatitis B virus (HBV), HIV and syphilis through the Danish pregnancy screening programme to identify infections and initiate interventions to prevent mother-to-child transmission. Documented migrants (DM) have access to this screening but undocumented migrants (UM) do not, instead relying on ad-hoc care from clinics run by non-governmental organisations. We aimed to assess screening frequency in UM and to compare prevalence of infection in UM with DM...
2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26913065/perceptions-and-experiences-of-perinatal-mental-disorders-in-rural-predominantly-ethnic-minority-communities-in-northern-vietnam
#4
Daniel Abrams, Liem T Nguyen, Jill Murphy, Younji Angie Lee, Nhu K Tran, David Wiljer
BACKGROUND: Preliminary research has suggested that perinatal mental disorders (PMDs), including post-partum depression, are prevalent in Vietnam. However the extent to which these disorders are recognized at the community level remains largely undocumented in the literature. PMDs have also never been investigated within Vietnam's significant ethnic minority populations, who are known to bear a greater burden of maternal and infant health challenges than the ethnic majority. OBJECTIVE: To investigate knowledge and perceptions of PMDs and their treatments at the community level in a rural, predominantly ethnic minority region of northern Vietnam...
2016: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26865072/a-low-rate-of-multiple-maternity-for-pregnant-male-northern-pipefish-syngnathus-fuscus
#5
K A Paczolt, W E Martin, N L Ratterman, A G Jones
Microsatellite parentage analysis was applied to 22 broods of the northern pipefish Syngnathus fuscus for the first time. The majority of males mated singly, 23% of males mated with two females, and no males mated with more than two females. The arrangement of embryos within the brood pouch of multiply mated males reflects a previously undocumented fill pattern where full-sib groups are segregated within the pouch by both right and left sides as well as anterior and posterior ends.
April 2016: Journal of Fish Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26454123/-38-hepatitis-b-in-pregnancy-screening-treatment-and-prevention-of-vertical-transmission
#6
REVIEW
Jodie Dionne-Odom, Alan T N Tita, Neil S Silverman
Between 800,000-1.4 million people in the United States and more than 240 million people worldwide are infected with hepatitis B virus (HBV). Specific to pregnancy, an estimated prevalence of 0.7-0.9% for chronic hepatitis B infection among pregnant women in the United States has been reported, with >25,000 infants at risk for chronic infection born annually to these women. Vertical transmission of HBV from infected mothers to their fetuses or newborns, either in utero or peripartum, remains a major source of perpetuating the reservoir of chronically infected individuals globally...
January 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26331518/subsequent-pregnancies-in-women-with-previous-gestational-syphilis
#7
Marjorie Garlow Hebmuller, Humberto Holmer Fiori, Eleonor Gastal Lago
This study included data on syphilis-positive pregnant women seen for delivery or miscarriage, between 1997 and 2004, in Sao Lucas Hospital, Porto Alegre, RS. Their subsequent obstetric outcomes were studied, until December 2011, to see if the disease recurred. From 450 pregnant women with positive syphilis serology, seen from 1997 to 2004, 166 had at least one more obstetric attendance until December 2011, with 266 new obstetric outcomes. Congenital syphilis (CS) was demonstrated in 81.9% of the initial pregnancies and in 68...
September 2015: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26000543/committee-opinion-no-635-prenatal-and-perinatal-human-immunodeficiency-virus-testing-expanded-recommendations
#8
(no author information available yet)
Given the enormous advances in the prevention of perinatal transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), it is clear that early identification and treatment of all pregnant women with HIV is the best way to prevent neonatal infection and also improve women's health. Furthermore, new evidence suggests that early initiation of antiretroviral therapy in the course of infection is beneficial for individuals infected with HIV and reduces the rate of sexual transmission to partners who are not infected. Screening should be performed after women have been notified that HIV screening is recommended for all pregnant patients and that they will receive an HIV test as part of the routine panel of prenatal tests unless they decline (opt-out screening)...
June 2015: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25998937/nonuse-of-contraception-among-women-at-risk-of-unintended-pregnancy-in-the-united-states
#9
William Mosher, Jo Jones, Joyce Abma
OBJECTIVE: This paper seeks to determine factors associated with nonuse of contraception by women at risk of unintended pregnancy in the United States. This nonuse may be associated with about 900,000 unintended births in the US each year. STUDY DESIGN: The 2002 and 2006-2010 National Surveys of Family Growth were combined to yield a nationally representative sample of 9,445 women at risk of unintended pregnancy. Logistic regression analyses identified factors associated with nonuse of contraception...
August 2015: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25470602/music-induced-prolongation-of-heart-rate-corrected-qt-intervals-from-electrocardiogram-recordings-of-healthy-preterm-pregnant-women
#10
Franziska Rhomberg, Thomas Moeslinger, Michael Gottsauner-Wolf
AIM: Women do have longer QTc intervals compared to men. The aim of this study was to investigate as-yet undocumented effects of music on QTc intervals from electrocardiogram (ECG) recordings compared to various cardiovascular parameters of women in the prenatal phase. METHODS: Forty-four healthy women in pregnancy were exposed to quiet surroundings (Q), self-selected slow music (S), and investigator-provided fast music (F) with different rhythm and frequency characteristics for 3 min each during their routine cardiotocography investigation...
August 1, 2016: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25186539/undocumented-migrants-have-diverse-health-problems
#11
Boje Kvorning Ehmsen, Dan Biswas, Natasja Koitszch Jensen, Allan Krasnik, Marie Norredam
INTRODUCTION: In 2008, 1.9-3.8 million undocumented migrants lived in Europe. We aimed to strengthen the evidence base on undocumented migrants' health problems by describing characteristics of undocumented migrant patients in a Danish non-governmental organisation (NGO) health clinic. MATERIAL AND METHODS: All patient files from the period from 24 August 2011 to 28 January 2013 were included in the study. Patient contacts were systematically analysed for age, sex, country of origin, medical referrals, symptoms and diagnoses...
September 2014: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24465458/dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine-treatment-of-multidrug-resistant-falciparum-and-vivax-malaria-in-pregnancy
#12
Jeanne Rini Poespoprodjo, Wendy Fobia, Enny Kenangalem, Daniel A Lampah, Paulus Sugiarto, Emiliana Tjitra, Nicholas M Anstey, Ric N Price
BACKGROUND: Artemisinin combination therapy (ACT) is recommended for the treatment of multidrug resistant malaria in the second and third trimesters of pregnancy, but the experience with ACTs is limited. We review the exposure of pregnant women to the combination dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine over a 6 year period. METHODS: From April 2004-June 2009, a prospective hospital-based surveillance screened all pregnant women for malaria and documented maternal and neonatal outcomes...
2014: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24186358/the-border-of-reproductive-control-undocumented-immigration-as-a-risk-factor-for-unintended-pregnancy-in-switzerland
#13
Alejandra Casillas, Patrick Bodenmann, Manuella Epiney, Laurent Gétaz, Olivier Irion, Jean-Michel Gaspoz, Hans Wolff
Unintended pregnancies reflect an unmet need for family planning, and are part of health disparities. Using the only database to inquire about pregnancy intention among women in Switzerland, this study examined the relationship between immigrant documentation and unintended pregnancy (UP). Among pregnant women presenting to a Swiss hospital, we compared pregnancy intention between documented and undocumented women. We used logistic regression to examine whether undocumented status was associated with UP after adjusting for other significant predictors...
April 2015: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24184664/the-perceived-role-and-influencers-of-physical-activity-among-pregnant-women-from-low-socioeconomic-status-communities-in-south-africa
#14
Moise Muzigaba, Tracy L Kolbe-Alexander, Fiona Wong
BACKGROUND: Facility-based and context-specific interventions to promote physical activity (PA) among pregnant women from economically underprivileged communities remain sparse and undocumented in South Africa. This study aimed to generate information about pregnant women's views and experiences of PA during pregnancy, which will later be used to inform the development of a PA-based intervention targeting this group. METHODS: Qualitative methods were used and framed on the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB)...
September 2014: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23955607/health-and-access-to-care-for-undocumented-migrants-living-in-the-european-union-a-scoping-review
#15
REVIEW
Aniek Woodward, Natasha Howard, Ivan Wolffers
BACKGROUND: Literature on health and access to care of undocumented migrants in the European Union (EU) is limited and heterogeneous in focus and quality. Authors conducted a scoping review to identify the extent, nature and distribution of existing primary research (1990-2012), thus clarifying what is known, key gaps, and potential next steps. METHODS: Authors used Arksey and O'Malley's six-stage scoping framework, with Levac, Colquhoun and O'Brien's revisions, to review identified sources...
October 2014: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23855096/effects-of-ciprofloxacin-and-zinc-chloride-in-adult-albino-rat-and-pre-natal-conceptus
#16
Muhammad Aslam Channa, Muhammad Ashfaq, Abdul Lateef Jokhio, Muhammad Zaheer Khan, Mir Muhammad Sahito
BACKGROUND: Administration of quinolone therapy is controversial during growing age as stated by earlier authors. The flouroquinolones are currently not indicated for young children because of arthropathy and adverse effect as new born shown by studies. However the effects of ciprofloxacin and ZnCl2 on prenatal conceptus have remained undocumented. The present study was designed to compare the effects on conceptus after maternal ingestion of ciprofloxacin and ZnCl2 using Wastar albino rats...
January 2012: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23486499/an-integrated-city-driven-perinatal-hiv-prevention-program-covering-1-8-million-pregnant-women-in-shenzhen-china-2000-to-2010
#17
MULTICENTER STUDY
Junmin Song, Tiejian Feng, Marc Bulterys, Dan Zhang, Christine Korhonen, Xiangdong Shi, Xiaohui Wang, Jinquan Cheng, Lin Chen, Hanwu Ma
BACKGROUND: Despite the scale-up of prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) programs worldwide, the translation from research studies into public health policy has been slow. This report details the experiences of a city-driven PMTCT program in China using existing health resources. METHODS: The PMTCT program was devised to hospital based and city-wide. It achieves full use of available resources: the local Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the Infectious Disease Hospital, Maternal and Child Health Hospitals, and all qualified comprehensive hospitals...
April 2013: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23289160/health-care-for-undocumented-migrants-european-approaches
#18
Bradford H Gray, Ewout van Ginneken
European countries have smaller shares of undocumented migrants than does the United States, but these individuals have substantial needs for medical care and present difficult policy challenges even in countries with universal health insurance systems. Recent European studies show that policies in most countries provide for no more than emergency services for undocumented migrants. Smaller numbers of countries provide more services or allow undocumented migrants who meet certain requirements access to the same range of services as nationals...
December 2012: Issue Brief of the Commonwealth Fund
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22992477/-the-danish-health-act-and-health-care-services-to-undocumented-migrants
#19
Rune Aabenhus, Peter Hallas
Health-care workers may experience uncertainty regarding legal matters when attending to medical needs of undocumented migrants. This paper applies a pragmatic focus when addressing the legal aspects involved in providing health-care services to undocumented migrants with examples from the Danish Health Act and international conventions. The delivery of medical care to vulnerable groups such as pregnant women and children is described.
September 17, 2012: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22506919/what-factors-influence-obstetrician-gynecologists-to-follow-recommended-hiv-screening-and-testing-guidelines
#20
Britta L Anderson, Rebecca Carlson, Jean Anderson, Debra Hawks, Jay Schulkin
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine what factors may influence obstetrician-gynecologists' HIV testing practices and to learn more about obstetrician-gynecologists' current HIV screening and testing practices. METHODS: Survey questionnaires were sent to 1200 American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (the College) Fellows and Junior Fellows in practice between October 2009 and January 2010. Four hundred of the recipients were members of the Collaborative Ambulatory Research Network (CARN), and 800 recipients were randomly selected from the ACOG Fellows and Junior Fellows in practice...
July 2012: Journal of Women's Health
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