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Undocumented pregnant

Brandon A Knettel, Cody Cichowitz, James Samwel Ngocho, Elizabeth T Knippler, Lilian N Chumba, Blandina T Mmbaga, Melissa H Watt
BACKGROUND: Under Option B+ guidelines for prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV, pregnant and breastfeeding women initiate antiretroviral therapy for lifelong use. The objectives of this study were: (1) to synthesize data on retention in care over time in option B+ programs in Africa, and (2) to identify factors associated with retention in care. METHODS: PubMed, EMBASE, and African Index Medicus were systematically searched from January 2012 to June 2017...
April 15, 2018: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
Lea de Jong, Milena Pavlova, Marjolein Winters, Bernd Rechel
Background: Undocumented migrants, in particular pregnant women and their newborns, constitute a particularly vulnerable group of migrants. The aim of this study was to systematically review the academic literature on the use and outcomes of maternal and child healthcare by undocumented migrants in the European Union (EU) and European Free Trade Association (EFTA) countries. Methods: The databases, MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL Plus, Global Health and Popline were searched for the period 2007 to 2017...
December 1, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
Lynn M Yee, Emily S Miller, Anne Statton, Laurie D Ayala, Sarah Deardorff Carter, Ann Borders, Amy E Wong, Yolanda Olszewski, Mardge H Cohen, Patricia M Garcia
The objective was to assess sustainability of a statewide program of HIV rapid testing (RT) for pregnant women presenting for delivery with unknown HIV status. This is a population-based retrospective cohort study of women delivered in Illinois hospitals (2012-15). Deidentified data on RT metrics from state-mandated surveillance reports were compared using descriptive statistics and non-parametric tests of trend. Over 95% of the 608,408 women delivered had documented HIV status at presentation. The rate of undocumented HIV status rose from 4...
February 2018: AIDS and Behavior
Danielle N Atkins, Cristina S Barroso, Amy J Anderson, J Thomas Meadows, Lisa C Lindley
INTRODUCTION: Four million infants are born in the United States to undocumented mothers. Nebraska granted Medicaid access to undocumented pregnant women from 1996 to 2010 and then discontinued access from 2010 to 2012. However, little is known about the maternal health of these undocumented women. The purpose of this study was to compare maternal health of undocumented women with and without access to Medicaid in Nebraska from 2007 to 2011. METHOD: A retrospective, longitudinal cohort design was conducted with 2007 to 2011 Nebraska birth certificate data...
March 2017: Hispanic Health Care International: the Official Journal of the National Association of Hispanic Nurses
Sarah Nakubulwa, Dan K Kaye, Freddie Bwanga, Nazarius Mbona Tumwesigye, Edith Nakku-Joloba, Florence Mirembe
BACKGROUND: Acyclovir (ACV) given to HSV-2 positive women after 36 weeks reduces adverse outcomes but its benefit at lower gestation was undocumented. We determined the effect of oral acyclovir administered from 28 to 36 weeks on premature rupture of membranes (PROM) primarily and preterm delivery risk. METHODS: This was a randomized, double-blind placebo-controlled trial among 200 HSV-2 positive pregnant women at 28 weeks of gestation at Mulago Hospital, Uganda...
March 3, 2017: Reproductive Health
Jeni Stevens, Virginia Schmied, Elaine Burns, Hannah G Dahlen
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To describe the challenges of, and steps taken to successfully collect video ethnographic data during and after caesarean sections. BACKGROUND: Video ethnographic research uses real-time video footage to study a cultural group or phenomenon in the natural environment. It allows researchers to discover previously undocumented practices, which in-turn provides insight into strengths and weaknesses in practice. This knowledge can be used to translate evidence-based interventions into practice...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Nillian Mukungu, Kennedy Abuga, Faith Okalebo, Raphael Ingwela, Julius Mwangi
BACKGROUND: Malaria remains a major health problem worldwide especially in sub-Saharan Africa. In Kenya, 80% of the population is at risk of contracting the disease. Pregnant mothers and children under five years are the most affected by this disease. Antimalarial drug resistance poses a major threat in the fight against malaria necessitating continuous search for new antimalarial drugs. Due to inadequate and inaccessible health facilities, majority of people living in rural communities heavily depend on traditional medicine which involves the use of medicinal plants for the management of malaria...
December 24, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Annika Wendland, Boje K Ehmsen, Vibeke Lenskjold, Birgitte S Astrup, Marlene Mohr, Christopher J Williams, Susan A Cowan
BACKGROUND: Pregnant residents of Denmark are tested by their GP for current infections with Hepatitis B virus (HBV), HIV and syphilis through the Danish pregnancy screening programme to identify infections and initiate interventions to prevent mother-to-child transmission. Documented migrants (DM) have access to this screening but undocumented migrants (UM) do not, instead relying on ad-hoc care from clinics run by non-governmental organisations. We aimed to assess screening frequency in UM and to compare prevalence of infection in UM with DM...
May 23, 2016: BMC Public Health
Daniel Abrams, Liem T Nguyen, Jill Murphy, Younji Angie Lee, Nhu K Tran, David Wiljer
BACKGROUND: Preliminary research has suggested that perinatal mental disorders (PMDs), including post-partum depression, are prevalent in Vietnam. However the extent to which these disorders are recognized at the community level remains largely undocumented in the literature. PMDs have also never been investigated within Vietnam's significant ethnic minority populations, who are known to bear a greater burden of maternal and infant health challenges than the ethnic majority. OBJECTIVE: To investigate knowledge and perceptions of PMDs and their treatments at the community level in a rural, predominantly ethnic minority region of northern Vietnam...
2016: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
K A Paczolt, W E Martin, N L Ratterman, A G Jones
Microsatellite parentage analysis was applied to 22 broods of the northern pipefish Syngnathus fuscus for the first time. The majority of males mated singly, 23% of males mated with two females, and no males mated with more than two females. The arrangement of embryos within the brood pouch of multiply mated males reflects a previously undocumented fill pattern where full-sib groups are segregated within the pouch by both right and left sides as well as anterior and posterior ends.
April 2016: Journal of Fish Biology
Jodie Dionne-Odom, Alan T N Tita, Neil S Silverman
Between 800,000-1.4 million people in the United States and more than 240 million people worldwide are infected with hepatitis B virus (HBV). Specific to pregnancy, an estimated prevalence of 0.7-0.9% for chronic hepatitis B infection among pregnant women in the United States has been reported, with >25,000 infants at risk for chronic infection born annually to these women. Vertical transmission of HBV from infected mothers to their fetuses or newborns, either in utero or peripartum, remains a major source of perpetuating the reservoir of chronically infected individuals globally...
January 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Marjorie Garlow Hebmuller, Humberto Holmer Fiori, Eleonor Gastal Lago
This study included data on syphilis-positive pregnant women seen for delivery or miscarriage, between 1997 and 2004, in Sao Lucas Hospital, Porto Alegre, RS. Their subsequent obstetric outcomes were studied, until December 2011, to see if the disease recurred. From 450 pregnant women with positive syphilis serology, seen from 1997 to 2004, 166 had at least one more obstetric attendance until December 2011, with 266 new obstetric outcomes. Congenital syphilis (CS) was demonstrated in 81.9% of the initial pregnancies and in 68...
September 2015: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
(no author information available yet)
Given the enormous advances in the prevention of perinatal transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), it is clear that early identification and treatment of all pregnant women with HIV is the best way to prevent neonatal infection and also improve women's health. Furthermore, new evidence suggests that early initiation of antiretroviral therapy in the course of infection is beneficial for individuals infected with HIV and reduces the rate of sexual transmission to partners who are not infected. Screening should be performed after women have been notified that HIV screening is recommended for all pregnant patients and that they will receive an HIV test as part of the routine panel of prenatal tests unless they decline (opt-out screening)...
June 2015: Obstetrics and Gynecology
William Mosher, Jo Jones, Joyce Abma
OBJECTIVE: This paper seeks to determine factors associated with nonuse of contraception by women at risk of unintended pregnancy in the United States. This nonuse may be associated with about 900,000 unintended births in the US each year. STUDY DESIGN: The 2002 and 2006-2010 National Surveys of Family Growth were combined to yield a nationally representative sample of 9,445 women at risk of unintended pregnancy. Logistic regression analyses identified factors associated with nonuse of contraception...
August 2015: Contraception
Franziska Rhomberg, Thomas Moeslinger, Michael Gottsauner-Wolf
AIM: Women do have longer QTc intervals compared to men. The aim of this study was to investigate as-yet undocumented effects of music on QTc intervals from electrocardiogram (ECG) recordings compared to various cardiovascular parameters of women in the prenatal phase. METHODS: Forty-four healthy women in pregnancy were exposed to quiet surroundings (Q), self-selected slow music (S), and investigator-provided fast music (F) with different rhythm and frequency characteristics for 3 min each during their routine cardiotocography investigation...
August 1, 2016: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
Boje Kvorning Ehmsen, Dan Biswas, Natasja Koitszch Jensen, Allan Krasnik, Marie Norredam
INTRODUCTION: In 2008, 1.9-3.8 million undocumented migrants lived in Europe. We aimed to strengthen the evidence base on undocumented migrants' health problems by describing characteristics of undocumented migrant patients in a Danish non-governmental organisation (NGO) health clinic. MATERIAL AND METHODS: All patient files from the period from 24 August 2011 to 28 January 2013 were included in the study. Patient contacts were systematically analysed for age, sex, country of origin, medical referrals, symptoms and diagnoses...
September 2014: Danish Medical Journal
Jeanne Rini Poespoprodjo, Wendy Fobia, Enny Kenangalem, Daniel A Lampah, Paulus Sugiarto, Emiliana Tjitra, Nicholas M Anstey, Ric N Price
BACKGROUND: Artemisinin combination therapy (ACT) is recommended for the treatment of multidrug resistant malaria in the second and third trimesters of pregnancy, but the experience with ACTs is limited. We review the exposure of pregnant women to the combination dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine over a 6 year period. METHODS: From April 2004-June 2009, a prospective hospital-based surveillance screened all pregnant women for malaria and documented maternal and neonatal outcomes...
2014: PloS One
Alejandra Casillas, Patrick Bodenmann, Manuella Epiney, Laurent Gétaz, Olivier Irion, Jean-Michel Gaspoz, Hans Wolff
Unintended pregnancies reflect an unmet need for family planning, and are part of health disparities. Using the only database to inquire about pregnancy intention among women in Switzerland, this study examined the relationship between immigrant documentation and unintended pregnancy (UP). Among pregnant women presenting to a Swiss hospital, we compared pregnancy intention between documented and undocumented women. We used logistic regression to examine whether undocumented status was associated with UP after adjusting for other significant predictors...
April 2015: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Moise Muzigaba, Tracy L Kolbe-Alexander, Fiona Wong
BACKGROUND: Facility-based and context-specific interventions to promote physical activity (PA) among pregnant women from economically underprivileged communities remain sparse and undocumented in South Africa. This study aimed to generate information about pregnant women's views and experiences of PA during pregnancy, which will later be used to inform the development of a PA-based intervention targeting this group. METHODS: Qualitative methods were used and framed on the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB)...
September 2014: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
Aniek Woodward, Natasha Howard, Ivan Wolffers
BACKGROUND: Literature on health and access to care of undocumented migrants in the European Union (EU) is limited and heterogeneous in focus and quality. Authors conducted a scoping review to identify the extent, nature and distribution of existing primary research (1990-2012), thus clarifying what is known, key gaps, and potential next steps. METHODS: Authors used Arksey and O'Malley's six-stage scoping framework, with Levac, Colquhoun and O'Brien's revisions, to review identified sources...
October 2014: Health Policy and Planning
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