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Sulcus vocalis

Leonardo Wanderley Lopes, Layssa Batista Simões, Jocélio Delfino da Silva, Deyverson da Silva Evangelista, Ana Celiane da Nóbrega E Ugulino, Priscila Oliveira Costa Silva, Vinícius Jefferson Dias Vieira
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate the accuracy of acoustic measures in discriminating between patients with different laryngeal diagnoses. STUDY DESIGN: The study design is descriptive, cross-sectional, and retrospective. METHODS: A total of 279 female patients participated in the research. Acoustic measures of the mean and standard deviation (SD) values of the fundamental frequency (F0), jitter, shimmer, and glottal to noise excitation (GNE) were extracted from the emission of the vowel /ε/...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
Philipp P Caffier, Ahmed I Nasr, Sebastian Weikert, Julius Rummich, Manfred Gross, Tadeus Nawka
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To evaluate the efficacy of vocal fold (VF) augmentation with calcium hydroxylapatite (CaHA) microspheres in the surgically pretreated larynx with glottal insufficiency. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective clinical pilot study. METHODS: After several prior reconstructive attempts (following tumor resection, VF paralysis, in sulcus vocalis, and VF scarring), CaHA was injected under general anaesthesia using a transoral microlaryngoscopic approach in 10 patients with residual glottal insufficiency ≤1...
August 31, 2016: Laryngoscope
Ramón González-Herranz, Elizabeth Amarillo, Estefanía Hernández-García, José Montojo Woodeson, Guillermo Plaza-Mayor
INTRODUCTION: The vocal fold microflap technique is the ideal to remove benign vocal fold pathology. Our objective is to compare the amplitudes of the mucosal wave before and after the closure of microflap defect with fibrin glue, and when microflap is left to heal by secondary intention. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study is a retrospective series, including 32 patients treated by intracordal phonosurgery, with closure of the microflap either with fibrin glue or by healing by secondary intention...
August 11, 2016: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
Beata Miaśkiewicz, Agata Szkiełkowska, Adam Piłka, Henryk Skarżyński
UNLABELLED: Sulcus vocalis is one of the most difficult to treat benign vocal fold pathologies. Ford distinguished three types of sulci: I- superficial, II- vergeture and III- true sulcus vocalis. The aim of the study was to assess the results of surgical treatment in patients with sulcus vocalis. Material of the study consisted of 24 patients with type II (16 subjects) and type III sulcus (8 subjects). METHODS: Videostroboscopy, perceptual voice assessment and objective acoustic voice analysis were performed before surgery and at 8 months of follow-up...
2015: Otolaryngologia Polska. the Polish Otolaryngology
Solomon Husain, Lucian Sulica
A 29-year-old otherwise healthy woman presented with a lifetime history of hoarseness because it had begun to interfere with her career. Examination of both the woman and her 60-year-old father revealed bilateral sulcus vergeture, without inflammation or lesions attributable to phonotrauma. The woman responded well to injection augmentation; the father declined treatment. Combined with existing descriptions of other family groupings, all with sulcus vergeture without signs of inflammation, clinical progression, and little or no apparent behavioral component, this report further suggests that sulcus vergeture (Ford type 2) and sulcus vocalis (Ford type 3) are entirely different entities, despite architectural similarity...
November 13, 2015: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
Andrew Lee, Lucian Sulica, Alana Aylward, Theresa Scognamiglio
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Sulcus vocalis is an epithelial invagination adherent to deep tissues of the vocal fold. Traditionally, dysphonia is believed to result from attenuation or absence of lamina propria and consequent alteration of mucosal dynamics. This conception does not account for several clinical features of the lesion, most notably inflammation. The goal of this study is to elucidate the clinical nature of sulcus by re-examination of its histopathology. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review...
June 2016: Laryngoscope
H Irem Turkmen, M Elif Karsligil, Ismail Kocak
Vocal fold disorders such as laryngitis, vocal nodules, and vocal polyps may cause hoarseness, breathing and swallowing difficulties due to vocal fold malfunction. Despite the fact that state of the art medical imaging techniques help physicians to obtain more detailed information, difficulty in differentiating minor anomalies of vocal folds encourages physicians to research new strategies and technologies to aid the diagnostic process. Recent studies on vocal fold disorders note the potential role of the vascular structure of vocal folds in differential diagnosis of anomalies...
July 2015: Computers in Biology and Medicine
A Morgan Selleck, Jaime Eaglin Moore, Amy L Rutt, Amanda Hu, Robert T Sataloff
OBJECTIVES: The reported prevalence of sulcus vocalis (SV)/type III, a pathologic groove in the vibratory margin of the vocal fold, varies greatly in the literature. Difficulties in visualizing the defect and a variety of descriptions have complicated the evaluation of SV. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of SV by reviewing strobovideolaryngoscopy (SVL) examinations in subjects with and without dysphonia. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review...
July 2015: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
Koichi Tsunoda, Yoko Fujimaki, Takaharu Nito, Tatsuya Yamasoba, Niro Tayama, Kiyoshi Makiyama, Toshihisa Murofushi, Atsunobu Tsunoda, Kiyoshi Ohshima, Kohichiro Nishiyama, Shigeru Kano, Seiji Niimi
Laryngoscopy in cases of sulcus vocalis reveals bowed vocal folds, resulting in a spindle-shaped chink with glottal incompetence. The anatomic and functional problems and resulting incomplete glottal closure during phonation lead to the presenting symptoms of breathy hoarseness, decrease in maximum phonation time (MPT), and vocal fatigue. These symptoms, however, have been reported from the physician's viewpoint, not the patient's. Furthermore, no standardized guidelines for the treatment of sulcus vocalis have been established...
June 2015: Acta Oto-laryngologica
Eny Regina Bóia Neves Pereira, Elaine Lara Mendes Tavares, Regina Helena Garcia Martins
GOAL: Dysphonia is more prevalent in teachers than among the general population. The objective of this study was to analyze clinical, vocal, and videolaryngoscopical aspects in dysphonic teachers. METHODS: Ninety dysphonic teachers were inquired about their voice, comorbidities, and work conditions. They underwent vocal auditory-perceptual evaluation (maximum phonation time and GRBASI scale), acoustic voice analysis, and videolaryngoscopy. The results were compared with a control group consisting of 90 dysphonic nonteachers, of similar gender and ages, and with professional activities excluding teaching and singing...
September 2015: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
Haewon Byeon
OBJECTIVE: The relationship between smoking and voice disorders is still controversial. This study has investigated the relationship between voice disorders and smoking by using a nationwide representative survey of the Korean population. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis of a national health survey. METHODS: The study sample 7941 Korean adults, aged 19 years or older (3422 men and 4519 women), who participated in the fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, a nationwide representative survey of the noninstitutionalized population of the Republic of Korea...
May 2015: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
Adriano Rezende Silva, Almiro José Machado Jr, Agrício Nubiato Crespo
INTRODUCTION: Minor structural alterations of the vocal fold cover are frequent causes of voice abnormalities. They may be difficult to diagnose, and are expressed in different manners. Cases of intracordal cysts, sulcus vocalis, mucosal bridge, and laryngeal micro-diaphragm form the group of minor structural alterations of the vocal fold cover investigated in the present study. The etiopathogenesis and epidemiology of these alterations are poorly known. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the existence and anatomical characterization of minor structural alterations in the vocal folds of newborns...
July 2014: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Sevtap Akbulut, Hande Altintas, Haldun Oguz
The aim of this study is to prospectively compare rigid videolaryngostroboscopy with microlaryngoscopy for the diagnosis of benign vocal cord lesions. Eighty-five adult patients with benign vocal cord lesions were evaluated with videolaryngostroboscopy and later underwent microlaryngoscopy. During microlaryngoscopy, systematic examination of the glottis was conducted, including careful inspection and meticulous palpation of the vocal cords from anterior commissure to arytenoids. Preoperative and intraoperative diagnoses were analyzed...
January 2015: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Matthew S Clary, Benjamin M Milam, Mark S Courey
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: There are numerous techniques for awake laryngeal injection, each with its limitations and technical challenges. We demonstrate a modification to the thyrohyoid approach for injection that stabilizes needle introduction and allows for consistent placement in a wide variety of larynges. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review at a tertiary care institution. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed of the charts for patients consecutively undergoing awake vocal fold injection laryngoplasty in 2013 for glottic insufficiency due to unilateral vocal fold paralysis, vocal fold atrophy, or sulcus vocalis using the laryngeal introducer technique...
September 2014: Laryngoscope
Michael J Pitman, Shaina M Rubino, Amy L Cooper
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To evaluate vocal outcomes in 10 patients 1 year after autologous transplantation of temporalis fascia into Reinke's space (ATFV) for vocal fold scar and sulcus vocalis. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective, clinical case series. METHODS: Subjective and objective evaluation was performed 12 months after surgery using laryngovideostroboscopy (LVS) in all patients, the Voice Handicap Index-10 (VHI-10) in seven patients, GRBAS (grade, roughness, breathiness, asthenia, strain) scale in nine patients, and noise-to-harmonics ratio (NHR), phonatory range (PR) and maximum phonation time (MPT) in six patients...
July 2014: Laryngoscope
Hyung Kwon Byeon, Ji-Hoon Kim, Jin Ho Kwon, Kwang-Hee Jo, Hyun Jun Hong, Hong-Shik Choi
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to find a correlation between vocal fold polyps and sulcus vocalis and to investigate the character of such vocal fold polyps associated with sulcus vocalis. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective clinical research. METHODS: A retrospective review of 280 patients who have been admitted and operated under general anesthesia for vocal fold polyps at a tertiary care medical center from March 2009 to July 2012 was performed. RESULTS: The patients were classified into two groups...
September 2013: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
Chi Sang Hwang, Hyun Jin Lee, Jong Gyun Ha, Chang Il Cho, Na Hyun Kim, Hyun Jun Hong, Hong-Shik Choi
OBJECTIVE: The pulsed dye laser (PDL) has been shown to be effective in the treatment of hypertrophic scars and keloids in dermatology. On the basis of histopathologic similarities between sulcus vocalis and scar tissue and numerous reports on the treatment of laryngeal lesions, especially scar tissue, with PDL, we evaluated the efficacy of treating sulcus vocalis with PDL. We named this surgical procedure PDL glottoplasty. STUDY DESIGN: Case series with planned data collection...
May 2013: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
Li-jing Ma, Jun Wang, Jing-ying Ye, Wen Xu, Qing-wen Yang
OBJECTIVE: To discuss the clinical classification of the squamous intraepithelial lesions (SILs) of vocal cord and their outcomes after different therapeutic procedures. METHODS: Three hundred and forty-three patients with the SILs of vocal cord were enrolled. Based on the history of the diseases, macroscopic appearance by video rhino aryngoscopic, stroboscopic and microlaryngoscopic examination, and pathological findings, the correlation of clinical features, treatment modalities and treatment effect of the vocal cord SILs were discussed...
August 2012: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
Johnathan B Sataloff, Rima A Defatta, Mary J Hawkshaw, Robert T Sataloff
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2012: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
Pavan S Mallur, Jacqueline Gartner-Schmidt, Clark A Rosen
OBJECTIVES: Most practitioners have limited treatment options for vocal fold scar and sulcus vocalis. The Gray minithyrotomy (GMT) is a surgical procedure for the treatment of these conditions, although limited objective data exist regarding voice outcomes. This study compares the quantified subjective and visual perceptual outcomes following GMT for the treatment of vocal fold scar and sulcus vocalis. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of patients who underwent GMT in a single institution...
July 2012: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
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