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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908672/forensic-age-estimation-in-anti-piracy-trials-in-seychelles-experiences-and-challenges-faced
#1
S A Gunawardena, U A Liyanage, J B Weeratna, N D N A Mendis, H J M Perera, R W Jayasekara, R Fernando
Forensic age estimation (FAE) was conducted using a multifactorial method on thirteen Somali detainees claiming juvenile status during the anti-piracy trials of the Seychelles Supreme Court in 2014/2015. A multidisciplinary team, comprising of four of the authors covering specialties in forensic medicine, forensic odontology and radiology, conducted the FAE using a five-stage protocol. Each detainee was interviewed with an interpreter and examined for disorders affecting dental/skeletal development and for assessment of genital development through Tanner staging...
November 14, 2016: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867069/statistical-study-on-bracket-debonding-rate-with-the-win-lingual-technique
#2
Laetitia Pau-Bruchet, Christelle Reynes, Robert Sabatier, Catherine Galletti
The aim of this study is to present the results of a statistical inquiry measuring the bracket debonding rate using the WIN lingual technique. This inquiry was performed in the Odontology Unit at the Rothschild Hospital in the framework of the Lingual Orthodontics University Diploma at Paris VII university. Results were gathered by 8 orthodontic practitioners during two years of training from all their patients treated with the WIN lingual technique. The sample study comprised 33 patients treated exclusively with the WIN lingual technique...
November 17, 2016: International Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859228/testing-a-novel-3d-printed-radiographic-imaging-device-for-use-in-forensic-odontology
#3
Tara L Newcomb, Ann M Bruhn, Bridget Giles, Hector M Garcia, Norou Diawara
There are specific challenges related to forensic dental radiology and difficulties in aligning X-ray equipment to teeth of interest. Researchers used 3D printing to create a new device, the combined holding and aiming device (CHAD), to address the positioning limitations of current dental X-ray devices. Participants (N = 24) used the CHAD, soft dental wax, and a modified external aiming device (MEAD) to determine device preference, radiographer's efficiency, and technique errors. Each participant exposed six X-rays per device for a total of 432 X-rays scored...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833335/the-role-of-dentistry-in-disaster-management-and-victim-identification-an-overview-of-challenges-in-indo-nepal-scenario
#4
REVIEW
Shubha Ranjan Dutta, Purnima Singh, Deepak Passi, Don Varghese, Sarang Sharma
BACKGROUND: Recently, natural disasters and terrorist activities have been leading to mass casualty situations unexpectedly around the globe. In addition to the traditional emergency medical services centering around medically trained and paramedic personnel, dental practitioners having vital skills and attributes may be important in responding to a mass casualty situation. OBJECTIVE: This paper aims at discussing the role of dentists in disaster management and the role of forensic odontology in the disaster victim identification (DVI), its status in India and some suggestions to develop the plans for same...
December 2016: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810383/mesiodistal-and-faciolingual-diameters-of-the-permanent-teeth-in-a-jordanian-population
#5
Ashraf I Shaweesh
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to provide, for a Jordanian population, the first norms of the faciolingual diameters of the permanent dentition and the mesiodistal diameters of the second molars and to provide and review previously published data on the mesiodistal diameters of the permanent teeth up to the first molars in order to investigate any secular trends. DESIGN: Mesiodistal and faciolingual diameters of the permanent teeth were manually measured on 204 archival pretreatment study casts of adolescents (80 males and 124 females) aged 11-18 years...
January 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703068/hospital-incidence-and-annual-rates-of-hospitalization-for-venous-thromboembolic-disease-in-france-and-the-usa
#6
François-André Allaert, Eric Benzenine, Catherine Quantin
OBJECTIVE: The study was designed to describe the hospital incidences and annual hospitalization rates for venous thromboembolic disease by age and sex in France and the United States on the closest possible methodological bases. METHODS: French statistics are from the PMSI MCO (Programme de médicalisation des système d'information de médecine, chirurgie et obstétrique (French national hospital discharge register)) national database. These are compiled for each calendar year by collating résumé de sortie anonymisé (RSA, anonymous discharge summary) files forwarded and validated by health establishments with admissions in medicine, surgery, obstetrics, and odontology...
October 4, 2016: Phlebology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27630974/gold-tooth-tattoos-identifying-features-in-forensic-odontology
#7
Roma Yadav, Abhishek Yadav, Radhika Rai, Meetika Pahuja, Savita Solanki
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27583219/forensic-revolution-need-maintenance-of-dental-records-of-patients-by-the-dentists-a-descriptive-study
#8
Anamika Gupta, Gaurav Mishra, Hemant Bhutani, Chetan Hoshing, Ashish Bhalla
OBJECTIVES: With the growth of forensic odontology, dental records have become an essential source of information, especially for medicolegal cases in general practice. It is mandated by the law that every dentist must keep some kind of records for every patient they treat. After the death of an individual, remnants of teeth are usually damaged at the last among all body parts. Dental records assist in personal identification in cases of mass disasters, criminal investigations, and medicolegal issues...
July 2016: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27566297/immunomodulatory-anti-inflammatory-effects-of-a-propolis-containing-mouthwash-on-human-monocytes
#9
Karina Basso Santiago, Bruno José Conti, Eliza de Oliveira Cardoso, Marjorie de Assis Golim, José Maurício Sforcin
Propolis is a bee product used in folk medicine to improve health and prevent inflammatory diseases. It has attracted the attention of researchers from the odontological field lately, reducing inflammation resulting from surgical procedures and as an antimicrobial agent in the control of bacterial plaque. Thus far, no side-effects that might compromise oral health have been observed. Chlorhexidine is an antimicrobial agent widely used as an antiseptic, but side-effects restrict its use. This work investigated the effects of an odontological product containing propolis in combination with chlorhexidine in lower concentrations on human monocytes...
November 2016: Pathogens and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27555736/a-questionnaire-survey-on-forensic-odontology-are-we-really-aware
#10
Ankita Sahni, Shweta Rehani, Yulia Mathias, Priyanka Kardam, Ruchi Nagpal, Rashmi Kumari
INTRODUCTION: The role of a dentist is not only to examine and treat the oral diseases but also to assist the legal authorities by means of its branch-forensic odontology. Through forensic odontology, a dentist plays a very important role in crime investigation of any type. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the knowledge, awareness, and interest of forensic odontology among the dental teaching staff who are working in the dental colleges within the Delhi NCR. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A questionnaire of 12 questions (both open-ended and close-ended) was prepared and the survey was conducted with 200 dental teaching staff...
May 2016: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27555721/correlation-of-calcification-of-permanent-mandibular-canine-mandibular-premolars-and-permanent-mandibular-first-and-second-molars-with-skeletal-maturity-in-indian-population
#11
Pawan C Motghare, Aarti S Bedia, Shirish S Degwekar, Atul D Indurkar, Sumit Bedia
CONTEXT: Morphological variation in children can be understood by the knowledge of growth and development. The state of dental development can be used in forensic odontology to ascertain the age of an unidentified child. AIMS: This study aims to investigate the relationship of the stages of calcification of the permanent mandibular canine, mandibular premolars, and permanent mandibular first and second molars with skeletal maturity using panoramic and hand-wrist radiographs...
May 2016: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27509180/biocompatibility-resorption-and-biofunctionality-of-a-new-synthetic-biodegradable-membrane-for-guided-bone-regeneration
#12
Alain Hoornaert, Cyril d'Arros, Marie-Francoise Heymann, Pierre Layrolle
Membranes for guided bone regeneration (GBR) were prepared from the synthetic biodegradable polymer poly-D,L-lactic/glycolic acid (PLGA). This GBR membrane has a bi-layered structure with a dense film to prevent gingival fibroblast ingrowth and ensure mechanical function, and a micro-fibrous layer to support colonization by osteogenic cells and promote bone regeneration. Hydrolysis and biodegradation were both studied in vitro through soaking in phosphate buffered saline (PBS) and in vivo by implantation in the subcutis of rats for 4, 8, 16, 26, 48 and 52 weeks...
August 10, 2016: Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27475692/prevalence-of-the-colonization-of-helicobacter-pylori-among-students-of-the-school-of-dentistry-university-of-granada-spain
#13
J Liébana, V García-Casas, F Liébana-Cabanillas, M-T Arias-Moliz
BACKGROUND: The oral cavity is a reservoir for Helicobacter pylori, and occupations that involve close contact with it, like Dentistry, could entail a higher risk of colonization. The aim of this study was to evaluate if the length of stay at the School of Dentistry of the University of Granada could influence colonization by H. pylori, , and to furthermore correlate colonization by H. pylori, with the state of oral health and oral hygiene habits. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study groups were: Group 1, 35 students of Odontology in their first year of studies; Group 2, the same 35 students when they were in their fifth academic year; Group 3, 35 students from University study programs unrelated with Health and of the same age as the group 2 students...
2016: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27461811/determination-of-physical-height-from-crown-dimensions-of-deciduous-tooth-a-dental-morphometric-study
#14
C Ramanna, Venkatesh V Kamath, C Sharada, N Srikanth
BACKGROUND: Dental morphometrics is a subject of great significance in forensic odontology in identification of an individual. Use of teeth to represent a physical profile is valuable for identification of an individual. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The present study aims to assess the clinical crown length (CL) of erupted deciduous teeth and height of the child. A correlation of these parameters was attempted to arrive at a mathematical equation which would formulate a ratio of tooth CL to individual height that would support in estimating the probable height of the child...
July 2016: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27437355/linear-odontometric-analysis-of-permanent-dentition-as-a-forensic-aid-a-retrospective-study
#15
Sharlene Sara Babu, Sunil Sukumaran Nair, Devi Gopakumar, Nisha Kurian, Arjun Parameswar, Tibin Kaithappillil Baby
INTRODUCTION: Sex determination in forensic anthropology is an essential step for medico-legal purposes and crucial for identification as the number of possible matches is reduced to 50%. Teeth are an excellent material for anthropological, genetic, odontological and forensic investigations as they are known to resist a variety of ante-mortem and post-mortem insults. Sexual dimorphism in tooth size and the accuracy of odontometric sex prediction is found to vary in different population and therefore it is necessary to determine specific population values in order to make identification possible...
May 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27404405/a-retrospective-review-of-forensic-odontology-reports-written-by-the-joint-pow-mia-accounting-command-central-identification-laboratory-for-remains-identified-from-the-korean-war
#16
Calvin Y Shiroma
As of August 2014, the Joint POW/MIA Accounting Command has identified the remains of 1980 previously unknown U.S. service members; 280 were from the Korean War. To determine the accuracy and completeness of the available antemortem (AM) dental records, a review of the AM/postmortem (AM/PM) dental record comparisons from 233 Forensic Odontology Reports written in support of remains identified from the Korean War was performed. Seventy-two AM/PM comparisons resulted in exact dental chartings while 161 contained discrepancies which were explainable...
January 2016: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27350699/discrimination-potential-of-root-canal-treated-tooth-in-forensic-dentistry
#17
K Khalid, S Yousif, A Satti
Forensic Odontology is a vital component of forensic science and one branch involves the application of dental science to the identification of unknown human remains. The aim of this study is to investigate the discriminatory potential for identification of the radiographic morphology of obturated single root canals. Thirty periapical radiographs of patients having endodontic treatment of single rooted canals were selected randomly from the data bank of the digital X- ray system present in the restorative department, University of Science and Technology, Sudan...
2016: Journal of Forensic Odonto-stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27321069/stability-of-palatal-rugae-as-a-forensic-marker-in-orthodontically-treated-cases
#18
Batool Ali, Attiya Shaikh, Mubassar Fida
The palatal rugae have been used as a reference landmark and identification marker by orthodontists and forensic analysts. However, the reliability of palatal rugae as a forensic marker remains questionable once an individual is subjected to orthodontic treatment. This study aimed at evaluating the changes in the rugae pattern after nonextraction, extraction, and maxillary expansion orthodontic treatment. The lengths and shapes of palatal rugae were evaluated on the pretreatment and post-treatment dental casts of 168 subjects using the Thomas and Kotze classification...
September 2016: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27248059/standard-health-level-seven-for-odontological-digital-imaging
#19
Mauricio Abril-Gonzalez, Fernando A Portilla, Marta C Jaramillo-Mejia
BACKGROUND: A guide for the implementation of dental digital imaging reports was developed and validated through the International Standard of Health Informatics-Health Level Seven (HL7), achieving interoperability with an electronic system that keeps dental records. INTRODUCTION: Digital imaging benefits patients, who can view previous close-ups of dental examinations; providers, because of greater efficiency in managing information; and insurers, because of improved accessibility, patient monitoring, and more efficient cost management...
June 1, 2016: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27190968/role-of-orthodontics-in-forensic-odontology-a-social-responsibility
#20
REVIEW
Giridhar Reddy, Vinay P Reddy, Meenakshi Sharma, Monika Aggarwal
Orthodontics like any other specialty has much to offer law enforcement in the detection and solution of crime or in civil proceedings. Forensic odontology often requires an interdisciplinary approach towards dentistry for the purpose of proper diagnosis of cases. In cases where the forensic odontologist has to establish a person's identity, an orthodontist can be of great help at times. Teeth, with their anatomic/physiologic variations and therapy such as orthodontic treatment, restorations and prosthesis may record information that remains throughout life and beyond...
April 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
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