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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910193/use-of-organs-from-donors-with-bloodstream-infection-pneumonia-and-influenza-results-of-a-survey-of-infectious-diseases-practitioners
#1
Sanjay R Mehta, Cathy Logan, Camille N Kotton, Deepali Kumar, Saima Aslam
BACKGROUND: Potential organ donors may be admitted with an infection to an intensive care unit, or contract a nosocomial infection during their stay, increasing the risk of potential transmission to the recipient. Because of a lack of practice guidelines and large-scale data on this topic, we undertook a survey to assess the willingness of transplant infectious diseases (ID) physicians to accept such organs. METHODS: We performed a 10-question survey of ID providers from the American Society of Transplantation Infectious Disease Community of Practice to determine the scope of practice regarding acceptance of organs from donors with bloodstream infection, pneumonia, and influenza prior to organ procurement, as well as management of such infections following transplantation...
December 2, 2016: Transplant Infectious Disease: An Official Journal of the Transplantation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908654/alcohol-and-cannabis-comparing-their-adverse-health-effects-and-regulatory-regimes
#2
Wayne Hall
The claim that the adverse health effects of cannabis are much less serious than those of alcohol has been central to the case for cannabis legalisation. Regulators in US states that have legalised cannabis have adopted regulatory models based on alcohol. This paper critically examines the claim about adverse health effects and the wisdom of regulating cannabis like alcohol. First, it compares what we know about the adverse health effects of alcohol and cannabis. Second, it discusses the uncertainties about the long term health effects of sustained daily cannabis use...
November 28, 2016: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908256/a-review-on-nano-antimicrobials-metal-nanoparticles-methods-and-mechanisms
#3
Edris Hoseinzadeh, Pouran Makhdoumi, Parisa Taha, John Stelling, Hooshyar Hossini, Mohammad Amjad Kamal, Ghulam Md Ashraf
Nanotechnology is a scientific and engineering technology conducted at the Nano-scale, such as in the fields of compound fabric manufacturing, food processing, agricultural processing, and engineering, as well as in medical and medicinal application. In recent decade, nanomaterial applications for antimicrobial works have been interested by many researchers. Available reports show that some of the metal oxide Nanoparticles including; Al2O3, TiO2, ZnO, CuO, Co3O4, In2O3, MgO, SiO2, ZrO2, Cr2O3, Ni2O3, Mn2O3, CoO, and Nickel oxide have toxicity toward several microorganisms and they could successfully kill numerous bacteria...
December 1, 2016: Current Drug Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908252/the-combination-of-new-immunotherapy-and-radiotherapy-a-new-potential-treatment-for-locally-advanced-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#4
Paola Claudia Sacco, Paolo Maione, Cesare Guida, Cesare Gridelli
Lung cancer is the main reason of cancer death worldwide. About 30% of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cases are diagnosed with locally advanced disease (stage III). This is a mixed population including patients who have far more extensive and bulky disease than others. Management of these patients continue to be a challenge; frequently, patients have both local recurrence and distant metastases in this stage and the prognosis is very poor with a 5-year overall survival estimated between 3% and 7% for inoperable disease...
December 1, 2016: Current Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907937/tranexamic-acid-for-trauma-resuscitation-in-the-united-states-of-america
#5
Mark Walsh, Scott Thomas, Ernest Moore, Hunter Moore, Andres Piscoya, Daniel Hake, Michael Son, Tim Pohlman, Julie Wegner, John Bryant, Alberto Grassetto, Patrick Davis, Nathan Nielsen, Anton Crepinsek, Jacob T Shreve, Francis Castellino
The utilization of tranexamic acid (TXA) for the management of bleeding trauma patients has been a subject of much debate on both sides of the Atlantic and in Australia. As a result of the large randomized controlled study called the Clinical Randomization of an Antifibrinolytic in Severe Hemorrhage (CRASH-2), there was an initial enthusiasm for the use of TXA to treat bleeding patients. However, the adoption of TXA in the United States was delayed by concerns of "knowledge and evidence gaps" of the CRASH-2 study and because of a lack of mechanistic rationale that would explain the survival benefit noted in the study...
December 1, 2016: Seminars in Thrombosis and Hemostasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906731/association-between-clinical-nurse-specialist-s-presence-and-open-visitation-in-us-intensive-care-units
#6
Sukardi Suba, DorAnne Donesky, Elizabeth Ann Scruth, Virginia Carrieri-Kohlman
BACKGROUND: Current evidence shows that an open visitation policy can benefit patients and families during intensive care unit (ICU) stays. Therefore, an unrestricted visitation policy in the ICU has been proposed as part of patient-centered care. PURPOSE: The purpose of this secondary analysis is to explore the likelihood of an ICU with a clinical nurse specialist (CNS) having an open visitation policy when compared with an ICU without a CNS. DESIGN: This is a secondary analysis of a survey conducted between 2008 and 2009, describing the ICU visitation practices in more than 600 hospitals across the United States...
January 2017: Clinical Nurse Specialist CNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905863/associations-between-omega-3-fatty-acids-selenium-content-and-mercury-levels-in-wild-harvested-fish-from-the-dehcho-region-northwest-territories-canada
#7
Ellen S Reyes, Juan J Aristizabal Henao, Katherine M Kornobis, Rhona M Hanning, Shannon E Majowicz, Karsten Liber, Ken D Stark, George Low, Heidi K Swanson, Brian D Laird
To better understand the risks and benefits of eating wild-harvested fish from the Northwest Territories, Canada, levels of total mercury (HgT) and selenium (Se) and composition of omega-3 fatty acid (n-3 FA) were measured in muscle tissue of fish harvested from lakes in the Dehcho Region, Northwest Territories, Canada. Average HgT levels ranged from 0.057 mg/kg (cisco) to 0.551 mg/kg (northern pike), while average n-3 FA concentrations ranged from 101 mg/100 g (burbot) to 1,689 mg/100 g (lake trout). In contrast to HgT and n-3 FA, mean Se concentrations were relatively similar among species...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903393/-a-multi-center-study-on-the-long-term-mortality-and-related-risk-factors-in-patients-with-chronic-heart-failure-receiving-resynchronization-therapy
#8
S Y Qi, D M Wang, H B Yu, C Ding, F L Tian, L S Ru, J Li, B Zhang, Y L Han
Objective: To analyze long-term mortality and patients characteristics of cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) for patients with chronic heart failure. Methods: In-patients with chronic heart failure who received CRT in the three medical centers(Bethune International Peace Hospital, General Hospital of Shenyang Military Command of Chinese People's Liberation Army, and 251 Hospital of People's Liberation Army)from March 2001 to June 2013 were included.Mortality and related causes, echocardiographic parameters were analyzed...
November 24, 2016: Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898133/opioid-misuse-abuse-and-quality-persistent-pain-management-in-older-adults
#9
Yu-Ping Chang, Peggy Compton
The United States is amid an epidemic of prescription opioid drug abuse, bringing with it not only high rates of overdose, but growing rates of heroin abuse and addiction. Liberal opioid drug prescribing on the part of well-meaning clinicians has in part fueled this epidemic, being correlated to opioid death and addiction treatment admission rates. Misuse and abuse of prescription opioid drugs is greatest among young adults (ages 18 to 25); however, the fastest growing age group for opioid drug misuse/abuse is older (ages 50 to 64)...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896526/solidarity-justice-and-recognition-of-the-other
#10
Ruud Ter Meulen
Solidarity has for a long time been referred to as the core value underpinning European health and welfare systems. But there has been debate in recent years about whether solidarity, with its alleged communitarian content, can be reconciled with the emphasis on individual freedom and personal autonomy. One may wonder whether there is still a place for solidarity, and whether the concept of justice should be embraced to analyse the moral issues regarding access to health care. In this article, I will answer this question by analysing the normative foundations of the concept of justice, followed by a deeper examination of the concept of solidarity in continental philosophy...
November 28, 2016: Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895733/improved-laparoscopic-nephron-sparing-surgery-for-renal-cell-carcinoma-based-on-the-precise-anatomy-of-the-nephron
#11
Gang Guo, Wei Cai, Xu Zhang
The aim of the present study was to investigate a method of laparoscopic nephron-sparing surgery (LNSS) for renal cell carcinoma (RCC) based on the precise anatomy of the nephron, and to decrease the incidence of hemorrhage and urinary leakage. Between January 2012 and December 2013, 31 patients who presented to the General Hospital of the People's Liberation Army (Beijing, China) were treated for RCC. The mean tumor size was 3.4±0.7 cm in diameter (range, 1.2-6.0 cm). During surgery, the renal artery was blocked, and subsequently, an incision in the renal capsule and renal cortex was performed, at 3-5 mm from the tumor edge...
November 2016: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895710/in-situ-label-free-imaging-of-hemicellulose-in-plant-cell-walls-using-stimulated-raman-scattering-microscopy
#12
Yining Zeng, John M Yarbrough, Ashutosh Mittal, Melvin P Tucker, Todd B Vinzant, Stephen R Decker, Michael E Himmel
BACKGROUND: Plant hemicellulose (largely xylan) is an excellent feedstock for renewable energy production and second only to cellulose in abundance. Beyond a source of fermentable sugars, xylan constitutes a critical polymer in the plant cell wall, where its precise role in wall assembly, maturation, and deconstruction remains primarily hypothetical. Effective detection of xylan, particularly by in situ imaging of xylan in the presence of other biopolymers, would provide critical information for tackling the challenges of understanding the assembly and enhancing the liberation of xylan from plant materials...
2016: Biotechnology for Biofuels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895282/liberalization-in-the-danish-waste-sector-an-institutional-perspective
#13
Lone Kørnøv, Amanda Louise Hill, Ole Busck, Søren Løkke
The push for creating a more competitive and liberalized system for traditional public services, including waste management, has been on the European agenda since the late 1980s. In 2008, changes were made in EU waste legislation allowing source-separated industrial/commercial waste that is suitable for incineration to be traded within the European market. This change has had broad implications for the Danish waste sector, which is characterized by institutionalized municipal control with all streams of waste and municipal ownership of the major treatment facilities allowing the municipal sector to integrate combustible waste in local heat and power generation...
December 2016: Waste Management & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895196/from-asylum-to-action-in-scotland-the-emergence-of-the-scottish-union-of-mental-patients-1971-2
#14
Mark Gallagher
By analysing a collection of documents authored by Thomas Ritchie, founder of the Scottish Union of Mental Patients (SUMP), this study recounts the emergence of mental patient unionism at Hartwood Hospital, North Lanarkshire, Scotland. The discourse and action employed by Ritchie and SUMP are understood and situated in relation to intended audiences, social and material conditions of the asylum space, and transformations in cultures beyond the asylum, including nascent industrial strife, social liberalism, civil rights, the London 'underground' and counter-cultures...
November 28, 2016: History of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894388/-analysis-of-distribution-and-drug-resistance-of-pathogens-isolated-from-541-hospitalized-children-with-burn-infection
#15
J X Dai, L Li, L Xu, Z H Chen, X Y Li, M Liu, Y Q Wen, X D Chen
Objective: To investigate the distribution and drug resistance of pathogens isolated from hospitalized children with burn infection. Methods: Totally 541 patients were hospitalized in Fujian Medical University Union Hospital, the 180th Hospital of Chinese People's Liberation Army(PLA), the 92th Hospital of PLA, and Longyan First Hospital from January 2013 to December 2015. Totally 848 clinical specimens (blood, catheter tip attachments, wound exudate, etc.) were collected for pathogen detection. After being identified by an automatic microbiological identification system, drug resistance of pathogens to 41 commonly-used antibiotics in clinic including gentamicin, aztreonam, erythromycin, clindamycin, etc...
November 20, 2016: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894374/autologous-intratympanic-blood-patch-for-presumed-perilymphatic-fistulas
#16
P K Foster
OBJECTIVE: To assess an alternative to bed rest and surgery for suspected perilymphatic fistulas using intratympanic blood injections. METHOD: A review was conducted of patients' history, physical and audiometric data, before and after treatment by intratympanic blood injections performed from 2009 to 2015. RESULTS: Twelve ears were identified, with trauma associated with air travel, water sports or nose blowing. Ten of these cases had hearing loss, six had vestibular symptoms...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891384/bioresorbable-scaffolds-current-evidences-in-the-treatment-of-coronary-artery-disease
#17
REVIEW
Bhargav Dave
Percutaneous coronary revascularization strategies have gradually progressed over a period of last few decades. The advent of newer generation drug-eluting stents has significantly improved the outcomes of Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (PCI) by substantially reducing in-stent restenosis and stent thrombosis. However, vascular inflammation, restenosis, thrombosis, and neoatherosclerosis due to the permanent presence of a metallic foreign body within the artery limit their usage in complex Coronary Artery Disease (CAD)...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889770/usefulness-of-discriminability-and-response-bias-indices-for-the-evaluation-of-recognition-memory-in-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-alzheimer-disease
#18
María Julieta Russo, Gabriela Cohen, Jorge Campos, Maria Eugenia Martin, María Florencia Clarens, Liliana Sabe, Ernesto Barcelo, Ricardo F Allegri
BACKGROUND: Most studies examining episodic memory in Alzheimer disease (AD) have focused on patients' impaired ability to remember information. This approach provides only a partial picture of memory deficits since other factors involved are not considered. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the recognition memory performance by using a yes/no procedure to examine the effect of discriminability and response bias measures in amnestic mild cognitive impairment (a-MCI), AD dementia, and normal-aging subjects...
November 26, 2016: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886948/variation-in-hospital-intrapartum-practices-and-association-with-cesarean-rate
#19
Lisbet S Lundsberg, Jessica L Illuzzi, Aileen M Gariepy, Sangini S Sheth, Christian M Pettker, Henry C Lee, Heather S Lipkind, Xiao Xu
OBJECTIVE: To examine hospital variation in intrapartum care and its relationship with cesarean rates. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Connecticut and Massachusetts hospitals providing obstetric services. PARTICIPANTS: Nurse managers or other clinical staff knowledgeable about intrapartum care. METHODS: We assessed labor and birth unit capacity and staffing, fetal monitoring, labor management, intrapartum interventions, newborn care, quality assurance, and performance review practices...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886724/sexual-orientation-differences-in-attitudes-about-sexuality-race-and-gender
#20
Eric Anthony Grollman
Researchers have extensively documented sociodemographic predictors of race and gender attitudes, and the mechanisms through which such attitudes are formed and change. Despite its growing recognition as an important status characteristic, sexual orientation has received little attention as a predictor of Americans' race and gender attitudes. Using nationally representative data from the American National Election Survey 2012 Time Series Study, I compare heterosexuals' and lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) people's attitudes about sexuality, race, and gender...
January 2017: Social Science Research
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