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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735455/examining-the-role-of-income-inequality-and-neighborhood-walkability-on-obesity-and-physical-activity-among-low-income-hispanic-adults
#1
Samuel D Towne, Michael L Lopez, Yajuan Li, Matthew Lee Smith, Judith L Warren, Alexandra E Evans, Marcia G Ory
Obesity is a major public health issue affecting rising medical costs and contributing to morbidity and premature mortality. We aimed to identify factors that may play a role in obesity and physical activity at the individual and environmental/neighborhood levels. We analyzed data from an adult sample who were parents of students enrolled in a school-based health and wellness program. The sample was restricted to those who were Hispanic and whose children were on free/reduced lunch (n = 377). Dependent variables: body mass index (BMI); neighborhood walkability...
July 22, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735412/variability-in-attachment-of-the-coracoacromial-ligament-in-relation-with-its-morphology
#2
Abdulrahman Alraddadi, Abduelmenem Alashkham, Clare Lamb, Roger Soames
PURPOSE: The coracoacromial ligament (CAL) presents with variable morphology and plays a significant role in the development of subacromial impingement syndrome. Sectioning the CAL has been suggested to relieve impingement of the rotator cuff. The aim of the current study was to investigate the CAL attachment in relation with ligament morphology. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The CAL was investigated in 220 cadaveric shoulders from 58 males and 59 females, with a median age of 82 years (range 53-102 years)...
July 22, 2017: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735323/gas-gangrene-of-different-origin-associated-with-clostridium-perfringens-type-a-in-three-patients-simultaneously-hospitalized-in-a-single-department-of-orthopedics-and-traumatology-in-poland
#3
Monika Brzychczy-Włoch, Dorota Ochońska, Anna Piotrowska, Małgorzata Bulanda
The objective of the study was to perform a comparative analysis of phenotypic and genetic similarity, determination of resistance profiles, detection of toxin-encoding genes and molecular typing of Clostridium perfringens isolates originating from patients with gas gangrene. The study encompassed three patients with a clinical and microbiological diagnosis of gas gangrene who were hospitalized in one of the hospitals of the Kujawsko-Pomorskie province in the same period of time between 8(th) April 2015 and 20(th) April 2015...
January 2, 2017: Polish Journal of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735275/tobacco-price-boards-as-a-promotional-strategy-a-longitudinal-observational-study-in-australian-retailers
#4
Megan Bayly, Michelle Scollo, Sarah White, Kylie Lindorff, Melanie Wakefield
BACKGROUND: Price boards in tobacco retailers are one of the few forms of tobacco promotion remaining in Australia. This study aimed to examine how these boards were used to promote products over a period of rapidly rising taxes. METHODS: Observations were made in a panel of 350 stores in Melbourne, Australia, in November of 2013 (just before) and in 2014 and 2015 (after 12.5% increases in tobacco duty). Fieldworkers unobtrusively noted the presence and characteristics of price boards, and the brand name, size and price of the product at the top of each board...
July 22, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735273/relationship-between-trying-an-electronic-cigarette-and-subsequent-cigarette-experimentation-in-scottish-adolescents-a-cohort-study
#5
Catherine Best, Farhana Haseen, Dorothy Currie, Gozde Ozakinci, Anne Marie MacKintosh, Martine Stead, Douglas Eadie, Andy MacGregor, Jamie Pearce, Amanda Amos, John Frank, Sally Haw
BACKGROUND: This study examines whether young never smokers in Scotland, UK, who have tried an e-cigarette are more likely than those who have not, to try a cigarette during the following year. METHODS: Prospective cohort survey conducted in four high schools in Scotland, UK during February/March 2015 (n=3807) with follow-up 1 year later. All pupils (age 11-18) were surveyed. Response rates were high in both years (87% in 2015) and 2680/3807 (70.4%) of the original cohort completed the follow-up survey...
July 22, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735244/legacy-and-novel-brominated-flame-retardants-in-interior-car-dust%C3%A2-%C3%A2-implications-for-human-exposure
#6
Athanasios Besis, Christina Christia, Giulia Poma, Adrian Covaci, Constantini Samara
Brominated flame retardants (BFRs) are organobromine compounds with an inhibitory effect on combustion chemistry tending to reduce the flammability of products. Concerns about health effects and environmental threats have led to phase-out or restrictions in the use of Penta-, Octa- and Deca-BDE technical formulations, increasing the demand for Novel BFRs (NBFRs) as replacements for the banned formulations. This study examined the occurrence of legacy and NBFRs in the dust from the interior of private cars in Thessaloniki, Greece, aged from 1 to 19 years with variable origin and characteristics...
July 20, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735164/vesicle-trafficking-in-plant-immunity
#7
REVIEW
Hye Sup Yun, Chian Kwon
To defend against extracellular pathogens, plants primarily depend on cell-autonomous innate immunity due to the lack of the circulatory immune system including mobile immune cells. To extracellularly restrict or kill the pathogens, plant cells dump out antimicrobials. However, since antimicrobials are also toxic to plant cells themselves, they have to be safely delivered to the target sites in a separate vesicular compartment. In addition, because immune responses often requires energy otherwise used for the other metabolic processes, it is very important to properly control the duration and strength of immune responses depending on pathogen types...
July 20, 2017: Current Opinion in Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735155/impact-of-restrictive-fluid-protocol-on-hypoxemia-after-aneurysmal-subarachnoid-hemorrhage
#8
Claire-Marie Drevet, Nicolas Opprecht, Abdelouaïd Nadji, Sebastien Mirek, Serge Aho, Frederic Ricolfi, Claude Girard, Bélaïd Bouhemad
PURPOSE: In patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH), acute cardiac dysfunction and triple-H-therapy, can lead to hypoxemia. Our aim was to assess impact of a protocoled fluid restrictive approach on hypoxemia in these patients. METHODS: We included prospectively ICU patients with aSAH admitted within 24h after the bleed. The study was divided into 2 phases. The first phase, from January to December 2012, was designated as control group (group C)...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735154/accuracy-of-c-reactive-protein-as-a-bacterial-infection-marker-in-critically-immunosuppressed-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
Vanessa Martins de Oliveira, Rafael Barberena Moraes, Airton Tetelbom Stein, Eliana Márcia Wendland
BACKGROUND: There is a need for a better understanding of the role of C-reactive protein (CRP) as a valid marker for the detection of bacterial infections in critically immunosuppressed patients. A high negative predictive value of CRP is also needed to rule out sepsis and bacterial infections in immunocompetent patients. However, few studies have evaluated the performance of CRP in immunocompromised hosts. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the performance of CRP as a marker of infection in critically immunosuppressed patients...
July 15, 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735057/brazil-s-resolutions-to-regulate-the-sale-of-antibiotics-impact-on-consumption-and-escherichia-coli-resistance-rates
#10
Karen P H Mattos, Marília B Visacri, Júlia C F Quintanilha, Gustavo R Lloret, Maria A Cursino, Anna S Levin, Carlos E Levy, Patricia Moriel
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the impact of two resolutions to restrict antibiotic use (RDCs no. 44/2010 and 20/2011) in the Campinas metropolitan area (Sao Paulo, Brazil) on antibiotic consumption, resistance rates, and trends in Escherichia coli-causing community-acquired urinary tract infection (UTI). METHODS: The annual retail sale information of antibiotics from drugstores in the Campinas metropolitan area between 2008 and 2012 were obtained through the Intercontinental Medical Statistics Health of Brazil...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734942/calcium-calmodulin-dependent-protein-kinase-iv-gene-polymorphisms-in-korean-alcohol-dependent-patients
#11
Jung Woo-Young, Kim Sung-Gon, Kim Ji-Hoon, Lee Jin-Seong
INTRODUCTION: A relationship between alcohol dependence (AD) and calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase IV (CAMKIV) has been reported in a whole genome study of Korean AD patients. The purpose of the present study is to compare the frequency of CAMKIV genotypes and alleles between AD and control subjects in Korea. METHODS: The present study includes 281 AD patients and 139 control subjects. Seven single nucleotide polymorphism of CAMKIV gene known to show significant separation ratio in Asians were searched in SNP database and previous studies related to CAMKIV gene...
July 19, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734870/elucidation-of-the-neural-circuits-activated-by-a-gabab-receptor-positive-modulator-relevance-to-anxiety
#12
REVIEW
Riccardo Pizzo, Olivia F O'Leary, John F Cryan
Although there is much evidence for a role of GABAB receptors in the pathophysiology of anxiety, the underlying neuronal mechanisms are largely unclear. The GABAB receptor allosteric positive modulator, GS39783, exerts anxiolytic effects without interfering with GABAB-mediated modulation of body temperature, cognitive performance and locomotor activity thus offering advantages over GABAB receptor agonists. However, the precise neural circuits underlying the anxiolytic effects of GS39783 are unknown. The aim of the present study was to identify brain structures and associated neuronal circuits that are modulated by GS39783 under either basal or mild stress conditions...
July 19, 2017: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734448/alternative-strategy-for-biventricular-assist-device-in-an-infant-with-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy
#13
John C Dykes, Olaf Reinhartz, Christopher S Almond, Vamsi Yarlagadda, Jenna Murray, David N Rosenthal, Katsuhide Maeda
We report an infant with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy who underwent biventricular assist device placement with two 15-mL Berlin Heart EXCOR pediatric ventricular assist devices using an alternative atrial cannulation strategy. The systemic circulation was supported by left atrium (LA) to aorta cannulation. The LA was accessed through the right atrium by extending a 6-mm EXCOR cannula with a Gore-Tex graft connected to an atrial septal defect. The pulmonary circulation was supported with cannulation of the right atrium to pulmonary artery...
August 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734302/analytical-derivatives-of-the-individual-state-energies-in-ensemble-density-functional-theory-method-i-general-formalism
#14
Michael Filatov, Fang Liu, Todd J Martínez
The state-averaged (SA) spin restricted ensemble referenced Kohn-Sham (REKS) method and its state interaction (SI) extension, SI-SA-REKS, enable one to describe correctly the shape of the ground and excited potential energy surfaces of molecules undergoing bond breaking/bond formation reactions including features such as conical intersections crucial for theoretical modeling of non-adiabatic reactions. Until recently, application of the SA-REKS and SI-SA-REKS methods to modeling the dynamics of such reactions was obstructed due to the lack of the analytical energy derivatives...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734301/communication-influence-of-external-static-and-alternating-electric-fields-on-water-from-long-time-non-equilibrium-ab-initio-molecular-dynamics
#15
Zdenek Futera, Niall J English
The response of water to externally applied electric fields is of central relevance in the modern world, where many extraneous electric fields are ubiquitous. Historically, the application of external fields in non-equilibrium molecular dynamics has been restricted, by and large, to relatively inexpensive, more or less sophisticated, empirical models. Here, we report long-time non-equilibrium ab initio molecular dynamics in both static and oscillating (time-dependent) external electric fields, therefore opening up a new vista in rigorous studies of electric-field effects on dynamical systems with the full arsenal of electronic-structure methods...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734267/status-epilepticus-related-etiology-incidence-and-mortality-a-meta-analysis
#16
Rui-Juan Lv, Qun Wang, Tao Cui, Fei Zhu, Xiao-Qiu Shao
Status epilepticus (SE) is a severe medical condition. To determine its epidemiology and outcome of SE, we performed a meta-analysis to investigate the etiology, incidence and mortality of SE. We searched PubMed and Embase between Jan 1, 2000, and Oct 31, 2016, with no regional restrictions, for observational studies of the etiology, incidence and mortality of SE. Forty-three studies were included in the meta-analysis. The pooled crude annual incidence rate, the pooled case fatality rate and the pooled crude annual mortality rate of SE were 12...
July 15, 2017: Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734231/weight-misperception-and-disordered-weight-control-behaviors-among-u-s-high-school-students-with-overweight-and-obesity-associations-and-trends-1999-2013
#17
Vivienne M Hazzard, Samantha L Hahn, Kendrin R Sonneville
OBJECTIVE: To examine prevalence of weight misperception (incongruence between one's perceived weight status and one's actual weight status) and disordered weight control behaviors (DWCBs; unhealthy behaviors aiming to control or modify weight), associations between weight misperception and DWCBs, and temporal trends in prevalence and associations among adolescents with overweight and obesity from 1999 to 2013. METHODS: Self-reported data from eight biennial cycles (1999-2013) of the cross-sectional national Youth Risk Behavior Survey were used in analyses restricted to respondents with overweight/obesity...
July 13, 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734199/endosulfan-poisoning-an-overview
#18
REVIEW
Ritesh G Menezes, Tooba Fatima Qadir, Ariba Moin, Huda Fatima, Syed Ather Hussain, Mohammed Madadin, Syed Bilal Pasha, Fatima A Al Rubaish, S Senthilkumaran
Endosulfan, an organochlorine (OC) insecticide, is a widely used agricultural pesticide, despite its life threatening toxic effects. In this review, the pharmacokinetics of endosulfan, mechanism of endosulfan toxicity, clinical presentations and management, histopathological findings, and toxicological analysis are described, in addition to its environmental toxicity. The toxic effects of endosulfan can affect many organs and systems presenting in a wide array of signs and symptoms. Although termed a restricted OC-classed pesticide, it continues to be used, especially in the developing world, owing to its beneficial effects on agriculture...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734175/cd8-t-cell-programming-by-cytomegalovirus-vectors-applications-in-prophylactic-and-therapeutic-vaccination
#19
REVIEW
Klaus Früh, Louis Picker
Vectors based on cytomegalovirus (CMV) represent a novel vaccine platform that maintains high frequencies of non-exhausted effector memory T cells in both CMV sero-positive and sero-negative individuals. In non-human primate models, CMV vectored vaccines provide unprecedented protection against simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV). Moreover, CMV vectors can be genetically altered to program highly diverse CD8+ T cell responses that differ in their epitope targeting including conventional, MHC-I restricted CD8+ T cells as well as unconventional CD8+ T cells restricted by MHC class II or non-polymorphic MHC-E...
July 19, 2017: Current Opinion in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734056/in-vivo-placental-mri-shape-and-textural-features-predict-fetal-growth-restriction-and-postnatal-outcome
#20
Sonia Dahdouh, Nickie Andescavage, Sayali Yewale, Alexa Yarish, Diane Lanham, Dorothy Bulas, Adre J du Plessis, Catherine Limperopoulos
PURPOSE: To investigate the ability of three-dimensional (3D) MRI placental shape and textural features to predict fetal growth restriction (FGR) and birth weight (BW) for both healthy and FGR fetuses. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We recruited two groups of pregnant volunteers between 18 and 39 weeks of gestation; 46 healthy subjects and 34 FGR. Both groups underwent fetal MR imaging on a 1.5 Tesla GE scanner using an eight-channel receiver coil. We acquired T2-weighted images on either the coronal or the axial plane to obtain MR volumes with a slice thickness of either 4 or 8 mm covering the full placenta...
July 22, 2017: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
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