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Alcoholic liver disease

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244873/fatty-acids-in-non-alcoholic-steatohepatitis-focus-on-pentadecanoic-acid
#1
Wonbeak Yoo, Donjeta Gjuka, Heather L Stevenson, Xiaoling Song, Hong Shen, Suk Young Yoo, Jing Wang, Michael Fallon, George N Ioannou, Stephen A Harrison, Laura Beretta
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common form of liver disease and ranges from isolated steatosis to NASH. To determine whether circulating fatty acids could serve as diagnostic markers of NAFLD severity and whether specific fatty acids could contribute to the pathogenesis of NASH, we analyzed two independent NAFLD patient cohorts and used the methionine- and choline-deficient diet (MCD) NASH mouse model. We identified six fatty acids that could serve as non-invasive markers of NASH in patients with NAFLD...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243894/indications-for-and-outcomes-of-liver-transplantation-in-patients-with-alcohol-associated-liver-disease-aud
#2
Paulina K Phillips, Matthew W Caldis, Alexander D Hristov, Alexander S Lee, Michael R Lucey
The manufacture and consumption of alcohol are ubiquitous and as old as time. Alcohol use disorder (AUD) is defined as a problematic pattern of alcohol use leading to clinically significant impairment. The physical injuries that result from excessive alcohol consumption are varied including end-organ damage to liver (alcohol-associated liver disease or ALD), pancreas, brain and heart, and systemic consequences including several forms of cancer. Liver transplantation (LT) remains the treatment of last resort for life-threatening liver disease...
December 14, 2017: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243418/-research-progress-of-pharmacokinetics-and-pharmacodynamics-of-total-glucosides-of-peony-in-hepatoprotective-effects
#3
REVIEW
Zhi-Yan Zuo, Shu-Yu Zhan, Xuan Huang, Bao-Yue Ding, Yu-Qian Liu, Yu-Er Ruan, Ning-Hua Jiang
Total glucosides of peony (TGP), containing the effective components of paeoniflorin (Pae), albiflorin (Alb) and so on, are effective parts of Radix Paeoniae Alba. And it possesses extensive pharmacological actions, one of which is hepatoprotective effect. In recent years, abundant of pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics research of TGP in hepatoprotective effects have been performed. However, the relative medicine of TGP in hepatoprotective effect has not been developed for clinical application. In order to provide reference for the development and rational clinical application of TGP, the research progresses of pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of TGP in hepatoprotective effect were summarized in this paper...
October 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238510/epidemiology-transmission-diagnosis-and-outcome-of-hepatitis-c-virus-infection
#4
REVIEW
Seyed Hamid Moosavy, Parivash Davoodian, Mirza Ali Nazarnezhad, Abdolazim Nejatizaheh, Ebrahim Eftekhar, Hamidreza Mahboobi
Hepatitis C infection is one of the main causes of chronic liver disorders worldwide. Nearly three percent (3%) of the world population has an HCV infection. Prevalence of HCV infection was higher in some groups such as injected drug users (IDUs) and HIV positive populations. Acute hepatitis has proven asymptomatic in most cases, and delay of diagnosis might lead to late onset of hepatocellular carcinoma and cirrhosis. Some host characteristics such as age, gender, body mass index, and viral properties are associated with HCV outcome hepatitis...
October 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238323/relationship-between-hypothyroidism-and-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Weiwei He, Xiaofei An, Ling Li, Xiaoqing Shao, Qian Li, Qiuming Yao, Jin-An Zhang
Background: Previous studies propose that hypothyroidism might play a crucial role in the pathogenesis of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), but findings from published studies on the relationship between hypothyroidism and NAFLD are still controversial. Our study aimed to make a comprehensive evaluation of the relationship between hypothyroidism and NAFLD through a meta-analysis. Methods: PubMed, China Dissertation Database, and EMBASE databases were searched to find observational studies assessing the relationship between hypothyroidism and NAFLD...
2017: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237547/non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-a-risk-factor-for-myocardial-dysfunction
#6
EDITORIAL
Christopher D Byrne, Gianluca Perseghin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 10, 2017: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237409/iga-nephropathy-featuring-massive-wire-loop-like-deposits-in-two-patients-with-alcoholic-cirrhosis
#7
Daisuke Takada, Keiichi Sumida, Akinari Sekine, Ryo Hazue, Masayuki Yamanouchi, Tatsuya Suwabe, Noriko Hayami, Junichi Hoshino, Naoki Sawa, Kenmei Takaichi, Takeshi Fujii, Kenichi Ohashi, Yoshifumi Ubara
BACKGROUND: Various renal manifestations are known to develop in patients with liver disease, including chronic hepatitis and cirrhosis. CASE PRESENTATION: We evaluated renal disease in two 47-year-old Japanese men with liver cirrhosis and chronic alcoholism for 34 years and 27 years, respectively. Renal biopsy demonstrated massive wire loop-like deposits in the subendothelial space of the glomerular basement membrane and in the mesangium. However, immunofluorescence was only positive for IgA and C3, and electron microscopy did not reveal any organized structures in the electron-dense deposits...
December 13, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236944/transplantation-for-alcohol-related-liver-disease-is-it-fair
#8
Jessica L Mellinger, Michael L Volk
Aims: Alcohol-related liver disease (ALD) is the second leading cause of liver transplantation performed in the USA and Europe. We aimed to provide a narrative review of the major ethical issues governing transplantation for ALD. Methods: We performed a narrative review of the ethical concepts in organ allocation for ALD, including alcoholic hepatitis. Results: Ethical concerns regarding organ allocation for ALD involve issues of urgency, utility and justice...
December 11, 2017: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236785/the-soluble-mannose-receptor-smr-is-elevated-in-alcoholic-liver-disease-and-associated-with-disease-severity-portal-hypertension-and-mortality-in-cirrhosis-patients
#9
Thomas Damgaard Sandahl, Sidsel Hyldgaard Støy, Tea Lund Laursen, Sidsel Rødgaard-Hansen, Holger Jon Møller, Søren Møller, Hendrik Vilstrup, Henning Grønbæk
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Hepatic macrophages (Kupffer cells) are involved in the immunopathology of alcoholic liver disease (ALD). The mannose receptor (MR, CD206), expressed primarily by macrophages, mediates endocytosis, antigen presentation and T-cell activation. A soluble form, sMR, has recently been identified in humans. We aimed to study plasma sMR levels and its correlation with disease severity and survival in ALD patients. METHODS: We included 50 patients with alcoholic hepatitis (AH), 68 alcoholic cirrhosis (AC) patients (Child-Pugh A (23), B (24), C (21)), and 21 healthy controls (HC)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234634/association-of-serum-ferritin-with-diabetes-and-alcohol-in-patients-with-non-viral-liver-disease-related-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#10
Rohan C Siriwardana, Madunil A Niriella, Anuradha Dassanayake, Dileepa Ediriweera, Bhagya Gunetilleke, Thenuka Sivasundaram, Janaka de Silva
INTRODUCTION: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is a leading cause for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in Sri Lanka. Diabetes mellitus, alcohol abuse, and liver inflammation are known to increase the risk of HCC. The present study evaluates serum ferritin levels in a cohort of patients with non-viral HCC (nvHCC). METHODOLOGY: Consecutive patients with nvHCC presenting to the Colombo North Liver transplant Service, Ragama, from January 2012 to July 2013 were investigated...
November 2017: Liver Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234288/lipocalin-2-in-fructose-induced-fatty-liver-disease
#11
Jessica Lambertz, Thorsten Berger, Tak W Mak, Josef van Helden, Ralf Weiskirchen
The intake of excess dietary fructose most often leads to non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Fructose is metabolized mainly in the liver and its chronic consumption results in lipogenic gene expression in this organ. However, precisely how fructose is involved in NAFLD progression is still not fully understood, limiting therapy. Lipocalin-2 (LCN2) is a small secreted transport protein that binds to fatty acids, phospholipids, steroids, retinol, and pheromones. LCN2 regulates lipid and energy metabolism in obesity and is upregulated in response to insulin...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234195/simple-anthropometric-indices-are-useful-for-predicting-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-nafld-in-asian-indians
#12
Ayaskanta Singh, Sasmita Parida, Jimmy Narayan, Preetam Nath, Pradeep K Padhi, Girish K Pati, Prasanta K Parida, Chudamani Meher, Omprakash Agrawal, Shivaram P Singh
Background and aims: With the rising prevalence of obesity and metabolic syndrome, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has become the most common liver disorder in both developed and developing nations. Several studies on NAFLD have described waist circumference, a surrogate marker of visceral fat accumulation and waist height ratio as a better screening tool for NAFLD and metabolic syndrome than body mass index (BMI). We conducted this study to assess simple abdominal obesity indices as a predictor of NAFLD and determine the appropriate cut-off levels with reference to NAFLD...
December 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234193/results-of-portosystemic-shunt-embolization-in-selected-patients-with-cirrhosis-and-recurrent-hepatic-encephalopathy
#13
Narendra S Choudhary, Sanjay Saran Baijal, Sanjiv Saigal, Amit Agarwal, Neeraj Saraf, Rohit Khandelwal, Vaibhav Jain, Anubhav Harish Khandelwal, Abhay Kapoor, Deepak Jain, Smurti R Misra, Rajesh Puri, Randhir Sud, Arvinder S Soin
Background: Large portosystemic shunts (PSSs) may lead to recurrent encephalopathy in patients with cirrhosis and embolization of these shunts may improve encephalopathy. Material and methods: Five patients underwent balloon-occluded retrograde transvenous obliteration (BRTO) or plug-assisted retrograde transvenous obliteration (PARTO) of a large PSS at our center in last 2 years for recurrent hepatic encephalopathy (HE) at a tertiary care center at north India...
December 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233961/publisher-correction-gastric-acid-suppression-promotes-alcoholic-liver-disease-by-inducing-overgrowth-of-intestinal-enterococcus
#14
Cristina Llorente, Peter Jepsen, Tatsuo Inamine, Lirui Wang, Sena Bluemel, Hui J Wang, Rohit Loomba, Jasmohan S Bajaj, Mitchell L Schubert, Masoumeh Sikaroodi, Patrick M Gillevet, Jun Xu, Tatiana Kisseleva, Samuel B Ho, Jessica DePew, Xin Du, Henrik T Sørensen, Hendrik Vilstrup, Karen E Nelson, David A Brenner, Derrick E Fouts, Bernd Schnabl
In the original PDF version of this Article, which was published on 16 October 2017, the publication date was incorrectly given as 10 October 2017. This has now been corrected in the PDF; the HTML version of the paper was correct from the time of publication.
December 12, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233599/corrigendum-to-multidisciplinary-approach-to-optimize-management-of-patients-with-chronic-hepatitis-c-and-alcoholic-liver-disease-j-formos-med-assoc-2016-1097-1098
#15
Yi-Wen Huang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 9, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232562/tm6sf2-a-novel-target-for-plasma-lipid-regulation
#16
REVIEW
Ting-Ting Li, Tao-Hua Li, Juan Peng, Bei He, Lu-Shan Liu, Dang-Heng Wei, Zhi-Sheng Jiang, Xi-Long Zheng, Zhi-Han Tang
Transmembrane 6 superfamily 2 (TM6SF2), a gene identified at the locus 19p12, has been recognized to regulate plasma lipids. Here, we provide an overview of the roles of TM6SF2 as a novel target for plasma lipid regulation. We first review the association of TM6SF2 variant with plasma lipid traits, cardiovascular disease (CVD) and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Then, we present an overview about the in vivo validation of TM6SF2 as a regulator of plasma lipid levels using mice, with overexpression or knockdown/knockout of TM6SF2...
December 1, 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231919/-non-alcoholic-liver-disease-diagnosis-and-treatment
#17
REVIEW
Anna Sarosiekjeznach-Steinhagen, Joanna Ostrowska, Aneta Czerwonogrodzka-Senczyna, Iwona Boniecka
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is currently the most common chronic liver disease in the developed world (15% to 40% of the adult population). Introduction of lifestyle changes including dietary intervention and increased physical activity is most often the first-line treatment and is intended to support not only the treatment of liver disease, but also for diseases associated with obesity, insulin resistance, diabetes and dyslipidemia. In addition to well-known metformin, there are new classes of antidiabetic drugs, including GLP-1analog, SGLT-2 antagonist, pioglitazon...
November 23, 2017: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229391/hepatocyte-specific-clusterin-overexpression-attenuates-diet-induced-nonalcoholic-steatohepatitis
#18
Jin-Sung Park, Young-Jun Shim, Byeong-Ho Kang, Woon-Kyu Lee, Bon-Hong Min
Clusterin is a multifunctional glycoprotein that plays important roles and is up-regulated in liver diseases such as hepatitis and hepatocellular carcinoma. However, little is known about the significance of clusterin in the pathogenesis of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). The aim of this study is to examine the role of clusterin in progression of steatohepatitis in mice fed a methionine and choline deficient (MCD) diet. We generated hepatocyte-specific clusterin overexpression (hCLU-tg) mice, and hCLU-tg mice showed lower levels of hepatic triglycerides, less infiltration of macrophages and reduction of TNF-α, activation of Nrf-2 than wild-type littermates fed the MCD diet...
December 8, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228666/granulocyte-colony-stimulating-factor-treatment-in-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-beyond-marrow-cell-mobilization
#19
Ho Hyun Nam, Dae Won Jun, Kiseok Jang, Waqar Khalid Saeed, Jai Sun Lee, Hyeon Tae Kang, Yeon Ji Chae
Protective effects of granulocyte colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) in acute liver injury via marrow cell mobilization have been reported in several studies. But exact mode of action and optimal protocol of G-CSF has been still doubt in chronic disease. Here we investigated mode of action and optimization of G-CSF as a treatment for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Various doses of conventional G-CSF (30 μg/kg once weekly, once daily for 5 days, twice weekly) and long acting G-CSF (30 μg/kg once a month) were evaluated in two kinds of NAFLD animal models to optimize the G-CSF protocol...
November 17, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228416/dental-health-in-patients-affected-by-alcohol-use-disorders-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
P F Manicone, C Tarli, A Mirijello, L Raffaelli, G A Vassallo, M Antonelli, M M Rando, C Mosoni, A Cossari, L Lavorgna, F Caputo, A D'Addona, A Gasbarrini, G Addolorato
OBJECTIVE: Chronic alcohol abuse represents a risk factor for oral diseases, in particular, oral cancer. Periodontal disease has been showed to be involved in the pathophysiology of cardiovascular and metabolic diseases, such as atherosclerosis and liver steatosis. The role of chronic alcohol consumption on periodontitis is still controversial. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of chronic alcohol abuse on oral health. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty-three alcohol use disorders (AUD) patients and twenty-three healthy social drinkers underwent an oral examination by trained oral clinicians in order to evaluate oral and dental health...
November 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
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