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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431680/two-paradigms-for-religious-representation-the-physicist-and-the-playground-a-reply-to-levy
#1
Neil Van Leeuwen
In an earlier issue, I argue (2014) that psychology and epistemology should distinguish religious credence from factual belief. These are distinct cognitive attitudes. Levy (2017) rejects this distinction, arguing that both religious and factual "beliefs" are subject to "shifting" on the basis of fluency and "intuitiveness." Levy's theory, however, (1) is out of keeping with much research in cognitive science of religion and (2) misrepresents the notion of factual belief employed in my theory. So his claims don't undermine my distinction...
April 18, 2017: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387566/energy-expenditure-in-playground-games-in-primary-school-children-measured-by-accelerometer-and-heart-rate-monitors
#2
Jorge Cañete García-Prieto, Vicente Martinez-Vizcaino, Antonio García-Hermoso, Mairena Sánchez-López, Natalia Arias-Palencia, Juan Fernando Ortega Fonseca, Ricardo Mora-Rodriguez
The aim of this study was to examine the energy expenditure (EE) measured using indirect calorimetry (IC) during playground games and to assess the validity of heart rate (HR) and accelerometry counts as indirect indicators of EE in children´s physical activity games. 32 primary school children (9.9 ± 0.6 years old, 19.8 ± 4.9 kg · m(-2) BMI and 37.6 ± 7.2 mL · kg(-1) · min(-1) VO2max). Indirect calorimetry (IC), accelerometry and HR data were simultaneously collected for each child during a 90 min session of 30 playground games...
April 7, 2017: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382669/effectiveness-of-a-playground-intervention-for-antisocial-prosocial-and-physical-activity-behaviors
#3
Carlene A Mayfield, Stephanie Child, Robert G Weaver, Nicole Zarrett, Michael W Beets, Justin B Moore
BACKGROUND: We examined the effectiveness of Peaceful Playgrounds™ (P2) to decrease antisocial behaviors (ASB) while increasing physical activity (PA) and prosocial behaviors (PSB) in elementary school children. METHODS: A longitudinal, cluster-randomized design was employed in 4 elementary school playgrounds where students (third to fifth) from 2 intervention and 2 control schools were observed during recess periods. The intervention included environmental changes (eg, marked surfaces) and student education...
May 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365828/health-integrity-and-doping-in-sports-for-children-and-young-adults-a-resolution-of-the-european-academy-of-paediatrics
#4
Francis P Crawley, Peter Hoyer, Artur Mazur, Liesbeth Siderius, Stefan Grosek, Tom Stiris, David Neubauer
The European Academy of Paediatrics (EAP) is dedicated to promoting healthy lifestyles for children from birth into young adulthood. Physical exercise and leisure are essential to the development of healthy bodies, strong minds, and social skills. All children, without regard to their physical or mental capacities, should be provided with the time, the leadership, the facilities, and the equipment needed to exercise through sports while enjoying playing, even competing, in an environment appropriate to their capacities and aspirations...
April 1, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361187/polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons-pahs-in-exposed-lawn-soils-from-28-urban-parks-in-the-megacity-guangzhou-occurrence-sources-and-human-health-implications
#5
Chang-Liang Ke, Yang-Guang Gu, Qi Liu
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in urban soils may pose a serious threat to human health via oral ingestion, dermal absorption, and particulate inhalation, especially in public parks and playgrounds, with children and senior citizens showing the highest susceptibility. Several studies have been undertaken identifying PAHs in urban soils, but no studies to date have assessed PAHs in urban parks, in particular in exposed-lawn soils. In recent decades, unprecedented rates of urbanization and industrialization in China have resulted in significant levels of urban environmental pollution...
March 30, 2017: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359396/patterns-and-correlates-of-physical-activity-in-adolescents-in-dhaka-city-bangladesh
#6
A Khan, N W Burton, S G Trost
OBJECTIVES: Despite the widely acknowledged public health importance of physical activity (PA), few studies have examined levels of PA in Bangladesh. The purpose of this study was to investigate the patterns and correlates of PA in adolescents in Bangladesh. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. METHODS: A total of 798 students, aged 13-17 years; 48% girls, from eight purposively selected secondary schools in Dhaka city, Bangladesh completed a self-administered questionnaire including the 3-Day PA Recall...
April 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338128/metal-organic-and-covalent-organic-frameworks-as-single-site-catalysts
#7
REVIEW
S M J Rogge, A Bavykina, J Hajek, H Garcia, A I Olivos-Suarez, A Sepúlveda-Escribano, A Vimont, G Clet, P Bazin, F Kapteijn, M Daturi, E V Ramos-Fernandez, F X Llabrés I Xamena, V Van Speybroeck, J Gascon
Heterogeneous single-site catalysts consist of isolated, well-defined, active sites that are spatially separated in a given solid and, ideally, structurally identical. In this review, the potential of metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) and covalent organic frameworks (COFs) as platforms for the development of heterogeneous single-site catalysts is reviewed thoroughly. In the first part of this article, synthetic strategies and progress in the implementation of such sites in these two classes of materials are discussed...
March 24, 2017: Chemical Society Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306288/experimental-observation-of-anisotropic-adler-bell-jackiw-anomaly-in-type-ii-weyl-semimetal-wte_-1-98-crystals-at-the-quasiclassical-regime
#8
Yang-Yang Lv, Xiao Li, Bin-Bin Zhang, W Y Deng, Shu-Hua Yao, Y B Chen, Jian Zhou, Shan-Tao Zhang, Ming-Hui Lu, Lei Zhang, Mingliang Tian, L Sheng, Yan-Feng Chen
The asymmetric electron dispersion in type-II Weyl semimetal theoretically hosts anisotropic transport properties. Here, we observe the significant anisotropic Adler-Bell-Jackiw (ABJ) anomaly in the Fermi-level delicately adjusted WTe_{1.98} crystals. Quantitatively, C_{W}, a coefficient representing the intensity of the ABJ anomaly along the a and b axis of WTe_{1.98} are 0.030 and 0.051  T^{-2} at 2 K, respectively. We found that the temperature-sensitive ABJ anomaly is attributed to a topological phase transition from a type-II Weyl semimetal to a trivial semimetal, which is verified by a first-principles calculation using experimentally determined lattice parameters at different temperatures...
March 3, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298126/magnetic-gaps-in-organic-tri-radicals-from-a-simple-model-to-accurate-estimates
#9
Vincenzo Barone, Ivo Cacelli, Alessandro Ferretti, Giacomo Prampolini
The calculation of the energy gap between the magnetic states of organic poly-radicals still represents a challenging playground for quantum chemistry, and high-level techniques are required to obtain accurate estimates. On these grounds, the aim of the present study is twofold. From the one side, it shows that, thanks to recent algorithmic and technical improvements, we are able to compute reliable quantum mechanical results for the systems of current fundamental and technological interest. From the other side, proper parameterization of a simple Hubbard Hamiltonian allows for a sound rationalization of magnetic gaps in terms of basic physical effects, unraveling the role played by electron delocalization, Coulomb repulsion, and effective exchange in tuning the magnetic character of the ground state...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290375/angle-dependent-magnetoresistance-and-quantum-oscillations-in-high-mobility-semimetal-luptbi
#10
Guizhou Xu, Zhipeng Hou, Yue Wang, Xiaoming Zhang, Hongwei Zhang, EnKe Liu, Xuekui Xi, Feng Xu, Guangheng Wu, Xi-Xiang Zhang, Wenhong Wang
The recent discovery of ultrahigh mobility and large positive magnetoresistance in the topologically non-trivial half-Heusler semimetal LuPtBi provides a unique playground for studying exotic physics and significant perspective for device applications. As an fcc-structured electron-hole-compensated semimetal, LuPtBi theoretically exhibits six symmetrically arranged anisotropic electron Fermi pockets and two nearly-spherical hole pockets, offering the opportunity to explore the physics of Fermi surfaces with simple angle-related magnetotransport properties...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278148/notes-from-the-field-an-outbreak-of-salmonella-typhimurium-associated-with-playground-sand-in-a-preschool-setting-madrid-spain-september-october-2016
#11
Carmen Olmedo Lucerón, Ana Pérez Meixeira, Isabel Abad Sanz, Victoria Cid Deleyto, Silvia Herrera León, Leonor Gutierrez Ruiz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 10, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260182/brief-report-examining-executive-and-social-functioning-in-elementary-aged-children-with-autism
#12
Laura MacMullen Freeman, Jill Locke, Erin Rotheram-Fuller, David Mandell
There is a paucity of literature examining the relationship between executive and social functioning in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Twenty-three school-aged children with ASD participated. Executive functioning was measured using the Developmental Neuropsychological Assessment, Second Edition and Differential Ability Scales, Second Edition, and the teacher-rated Behavior Rating of Inventory of Executive Function. Independent assessors observed children's social functioning on the playground while children with ASD and their peers completed a survey to measure peer friendships and rejections...
March 4, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186099/the-effect-of-increasing-risk-and-challenge-in-the-school-playground-on-physical-activity-and-weight-in-children-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-play
#13
V L Farmer, S M Williams, J I Mann, G Schofield, J C McPhee, R W Taylor
BACKGROUND: To investigate whether changing the play environment in primary schools to one that includes greater risk and challenge increases physical activity and reduces body mass index (BMI). SUBJECTS/METHODS: A two-year cluster randomised controlled trial was undertaken in 16 New Zealand schools (Years 1-8). Intervention schools (n=8) redesigned their play environments to encourage imaginative and independent free play by increasing opportunities for risk and challenge (e...
February 10, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185996/rationale-design-and-baseline-data-of-a-cross-national-randomized-trial-on-the-effect-of-built-shade-in-public-parks-for-sun-protection
#14
David B Buller, Suzanne Dobbinson, Dallas R English, Melanie Wakefield, Mary Klein Buller
Environments can be structured to reduce solar ultraviolet radiation (UV) exposure to prevent skin cancer. A prospective randomized trial is being conducted to test whether introducing shade sails in passive recreation areas (PRAs) in public parks will increase use and decrease UV exposure in the shaded compared to unshaded PRAs. Shade effects will be compared between Melbourne, Australia and Denver, USA. The trial enrolled 145 public parks with PRAs suitable for shade construction and randomized parks to intervention or control in a 1:3 ratio...
April 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169154/motor-competence-and-characteristics-within-the-preschool-environment
#15
Larissa True, Karin Allor Pfeiffer, Marsha Dowda, Harriet G Williams, William H Brown, Jennifer R O'Neill, Russell R Pate
OBJECTIVES: Environmental characteristics within preschools that influence children's motor competence are largely unknown. The purpose of the present study was to examine the contribution of various preschool environmental characteristics to children's locomotor, object control, and total gross motor scores. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, observational study of 3-5 year-old children (n=229) from 22 preschools in South Carolina. METHODS: The Children's Activity and Movement in Preschool Study (CHAMPS) Motor Skills Protocol assessed MC...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152362/shared-use-of-physical-activity-facilities-among-north-carolina-faith-communities-2013
#16
Annie Hardison-Moody, Michael B Edwards, Jason N Bocarro, Anna Stein, Michael A Kanters, Danielle Marie Sherman, Lori K Rhew, Willona Marie Stallings, Sarah K Bowen
INTRODUCTION: Shared use of recreational facilities is a promising strategy for increasing access to places for physical activity. Little is known about shared use in faith-based settings. This study examined shared use practices and barriers in faith communities in North Carolina. METHODS: Faith communities in North Carolina (n = 234) completed an online survey (October-December 2013) designed to provide information about the extent and nature of shared use of recreational facilities...
February 2, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146440/sudden-collapse-of-a-preschool-aged-child-on-the-playground
#17
RoseAnn L Scheller, Laurie H Johnson, Michelle C Caruso, Angela Lorts
PURPOSE: Primary cardiac events are rare in children. There is little information in the literature regarding the most appropriate emergency department (ED) management of this type of pediatric patient, especially with regard to medication use. SUMMARY: This case highlights the pediatric ED evaluation and treatment of sudden collapse in a child with an ultimate diagnosis of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Cardiac disorders represent 2% to 6% of cases of pediatric syncope presenting to EDs, particularly if there are previous prodromal symptoms and/or a history of exertion...
February 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145660/playground-equipment-related-injuries-in-preschool-aged-children-emergency-department-based-injury-in-depth-surveillance
#18
Sohyun Bae, Ji Sook Lee, Kyung Hwan Kim, Junseok Park, Dong Wun Shin, Hyunjong Kim, Joon Min Park, Hoon Kim, Woochan Jeon
In this study, we investigated playground equipment related injuries in preschool-aged children. This was a retrospective observational study using Emergency Department based Injury In-depth Surveillance, (2011-2014). We included the preschool-aged children with playground equipment related injuries. We surveyed the mechanism and incidence of injuries, and estimated the odds ratio (OR) of traumatic brain injury (TBI) and upper/lower extremities fracture. There were 6,110 patients, mean age was 4.14 ± 1.95 years old...
March 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141716/apraxia-autism-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-do-we-have-a-new-spectrum
#19
Jayna Schumacher, Kristine E Strand, Marilyn Augustyn
Gio is a bilingual 6-year 10-month-old boy new to your practice who presents for an unscheduled visit with concerns for speech and language delay. He was born in Portugal, and his native language is Portuguese. When he was 21 months old, his family moved to Italy and then moved to the United States 3 years later. He had very little contact with other children while living in Italy, but his parents report that he has made friends quickly in the United States. His family speaks Portuguese at home, although his father is fluent in English...
February 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134516/cytosine-nucleobase-ligand-a-suitable-choice-for-modulating-magnetic-anisotropy-in-tetrahedrally-coordinated-mononuclear-co-ii-compounds
#20
Rosaria Bruno, Julia Vallejo, Nadia Marino, Giovanni De Munno, J Krzystek, Joan Cano, Emilio Pardo, Donatella Armentano
A family of tetrahedral mononuclear Co(II) complexes with the cytosine nucleobase ligand is used as the playground for an in-depth study of the effects that the nature of the ligand, as well as their noninnocent distortions on the Co(II) environment, may have on the slow magnetic relaxation effects. Hence, those compounds with greater distortion from the ideal tetrahedral geometry showed a larger-magnitude axial magnetic anisotropy (D) together with a high rhombicity factor (E/D), and thus, slow magnetic relaxation effects also appear...
February 20, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
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