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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899709/the-art-of-camouflage-gender-differences-in-the-social-behaviors-of-girls-and-boys-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#1
Michelle Dean, Robin Harwood, Connie Kasari
This study examined the extent to which gender-related social behaviors help girls with autism spectrum disorder to seemingly mask their symptoms. Using concurrent mixed methods, we examined the social behaviors of 96 elementary school children during recess (autism spectrum disorder = 24 girls and 24 boys, typically developing = 24 girls and 24 boys). Children with autism spectrum disorder had average intelligence (IQ ⩾ 70), a confirmed diagnosis, and were educated in the general education classroom...
November 29, 2016: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889649/heavy-metal-burdens-of-public-primary-school-children-related-to-playground-soils-and-classroom-dusts-in-ibadan-north-west-local-government-area-nigeria
#2
F Akinwunmi, T F Akinhanmi, Z A Atobatele, O Adewole, K Odekunle, L A Arogundade, O O Odukoya, O M Olayiwola, O Ademuyiwa
Information about heavy metal burden of children in Nigeria related to playground soils and classroom dusts is lacking. Playground soil, classroom dust, blood and spot urine samples (n=253) were collected from 6 urban and 2 semi-rural public schools in Ibadan North-West, Nigeria. Samples were analysed for Pb, Cu, Zn, Fe and Mn. Mean blood Pb levels in urban area (male, 41.66±8.78μg/dl vs. female, 40.64±5.46μg/dl) were twice as high as those in semi-rural area (male, 19.71±3.73μg/dl vs. female, 20.65±2...
November 19, 2016: Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883013/thermally-induced-magnetic-relaxation-in-square-artificial-spin-ice
#3
M S Andersson, S D Pappas, H Stopfel, E Östman, A Stein, P Nordblad, R Mathieu, B Hjörvarsson, V Kapaklis
The properties of natural and artificial assemblies of interacting elements, ranging from Quarks to Galaxies, are at the heart of Physics. The collective response and dynamics of such assemblies are dictated by the intrinsic dynamical properties of the building blocks, the nature of their interactions and topological constraints. Here we report on the relaxation dynamics of the magnetization of artificial assemblies of mesoscopic spins. In our model nano-magnetic system - square artificial spin ice - we are able to control the geometrical arrangement and interaction strength between the magnetically interacting building blocks by means of nano-lithography...
November 24, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872802/park-use-is-associated-with-less-sedentary-time-among-low-income-parents-and-their-preschool-child-the-net-works-study
#4
Simone A French, Nancy E Sherwood, Nathan R Mitchell, Yingling Fan
INTRODUCTION: Parks are an important component of the neighborhood environment, and their presence is believed to support higher levels of physical activity among residents. The present study examined park use frequency among a sample of 534 low-income parents of preschool aged children. Associations with child and parent physical activity, neighborhood characteristics and physical characteristics of the block immediately surrounding the home were examined. METHODS: Data are from baseline measurements completed in 2012-2014 as part of larger study (NET-Works: Now Everybody Together for Amazing and Healthy Kids) targeting low-income preschool children and their parents (N = 534 parent-child dyads)...
March 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864965/attempted-drug-facilitated-sexual-assault-xylazine-intoxication-in-a-child
#5
Hilke Andresen-Streichert, Stefanie Iwersen-Bergmann, Alexander Mueller, Sven Anders
There are only a few cases of drug-facilitated sexual assaults on children reported in the literature so far. Here, a case of a four-year-old boy is presented. He was unconscious, and the accompanying adults reported that the child had been at a playground on his own. Returning home, he complained of having been stung and collapsed immediately. Urine and serum samples of the child were investigated. In the toxicological analysis, xylazine, a sedative and muscle relaxant used in animals, was detected. Subsequent quantification by GC/MS after solid-phase extraction revealed 0...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819276/children-s-caregivers-and-public-playgrounds-potential-reservoirs-of-infection-of-hand-foot-and-mouth-disease
#6
Pengyuan Li, Tao Li, Qiuyun Gu, Xiaomin Chen, Jiahui Li, Xiashi Chen, Yan Chen, Danwei Zhang, Rong Gao, Zhenjian He, Xun Zhu, Wangjian Zhang, Yuantao Hao, Dingmei Zhang
Hand-foot-and-mouth disease (HFMD) is a common infectious disease, which has led to millions of clinical cases and hundreds of deaths every year in China. This study aimed to exploring the effects on HFMD transmission of children's caregivers and public area, as well as trying to locate the potential reservoirs of infections in primary cases. Total children's 257 samples (98 children's caregivers and 159 environmental samples) were tested for the presence of universal enterovirus, enterovirus 71, coxsackie virus A6 and A16 by real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR)...
November 7, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809284/compliance-of-parenting-magazines-advertisements-with-american-academy-of-pediatrics-recommendations
#7
Michael B Pitt, Jennifer N Berger, Karen M Sheehan
This study examined 3218 advertisements from the two parenting magazines with highest circulation in the United States. The authors compared each advertisement for a product for use by children, against all the published recommendations of the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) on topics such as toy safety, helmet use, age-defined choking hazards, infant sleep safety, and others. Any advertisement with images or products which went against a published AAP recommendation was deemed as non-adherence and was categorized according to the statement it contradicted...
November 1, 2016: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782257/characteristics-and-determinants-of-ambient-volatile-organic-compounds-in-primary-schools
#8
Yu-Chun Wang, Chitsan Lin, Yu-Kai Lin, Ya-Fen Wang, Wei-Huang Weng, Yi-Ming Kuo
This study evaluates the effects of a sampling strategy that includes the sampling season, time period, ambient environment, and location on determining the concentrations and species of ambient volatile organic compounds (VOCs) that may affect children in primary schools. Air samples were collected from playgrounds in primary schools, with four sites near an oil refinery plant in Taoyuan and two sites in Zhongli (one site near a bus terminal and the other site in a suburban area) in Taiwan. The samples were obtained on eight occasions from August 2010 to June 2011...
October 26, 2016: Environmental Science. Processes & Impacts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27775479/park-use-and-physical-activity-among-mostly-low-to-middle-income-minority-parents-and-their-children
#9
Anna E Greer, Brianna Castrogivanni, Richard Marcello
BACKGROUND: Limited research has examined park use and physical activity among economically and ethnically diverse families. This study fills that gap. METHODS: Parents (n=326) completed a questionnaire about their park use (yes/no, parks visited, reasons for non-use) and physical activity (Godin Leisure Time questionnaire). Geographical Information Systems was used to calculate the distance from respondents' home address to their nearest park. The number of activity features (e...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774710/closing-the-aboriginal-child-injury-gap-targets-for-injury-prevention
#10
Holger Möller, Kathleen Falster, Rebecca Ivers, Michael O Falster, Kathleen Clapham, Louisa Jorm
OBJECTIVE: To describe the leading mechanisms of hospitalised unintentional injury in Australian Aboriginal children and identify the injury mechanisms with the largest inequalities between Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal children. METHODS: We used linked hospital and mortality data to construct a whole of population birth cohort including 1,124,717 children (1,088,645 non-Aboriginal and 35,749 Aboriginal) born in the state of New South Wales (NSW), Australia, between 1 July 2000 and 31 December 2012...
October 23, 2016: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754448/protection-from-ultraviolet-radiation-during-childhood-the-parental-perspective-in-bavaria
#11
Olaf Gefeller, Wolfgang Uter, Annette B Pfahlberg
During childhood, parents play a vital role in sun protection of their children. Their guidance is essential for avoiding excessive exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation, a risk factor for developing skin cancer in later life. In a population-based cross-sectional study conducted between October 2011 and February 2012, we assessed how 3281 parents implemented sun protection for their three- to six-year-old children in practice. In particular, clothing, shade-seeking behavior, wearing of sunhats and sunglasses, use of sunscreens and the amount of time spent outdoors were ascertained in two settings (beach, garden/playground)...
October 14, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27742637/a-combination-regimen-design-program-based-on-pharmacodynamic-target-setting-for-childhood-tuberculosis-design-rules-for-the-playground
#12
Shashikant Srivastava, Devyani Deshpande, Jotam G Pasipanodya, Tania Thomas, Soumya Swaminathan, Eric Nuermberger, Tawanda Gumbo
Children with tuberculosis are treated with drug regimens copied from adults despite significant differences in antibiotic pharmacokinetics, pathology, and the microbial burden between childhood and adult tuberculosis. We sought to develop a new and effective oral treatment regimen specific to children of different ages. We investigated and validated the concept that target drug concentrations associated with therapy failure and death in children are different from those of adults. On that basis, we proposed a 4-step program to rapidly develop treatment regimens for children...
November 1, 2016: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27739474/quantum-oscillations-at-integer-and-fractional-landau-level-indices-in-single-crystalline-zrte5
#13
W Yu, Y Jiang, J Yang, Z L Dun, H D Zhou, Z Jiang, P Lu, W Pan
A three-dimensional (3D) Dirac semimetal (DS) is an analogue of graphene, but with linear energy dispersion in all (three) momentum directions. 3D DSs have been a fertile playground in discovering novel quantum particles, for example Weyl fermions, in solid state systems. Many 3D DSs were theoretically predicted and experimentally confirmed. We report here the results in exfoliated ZrTe5 thin flakes from the studies of aberration-corrected scanning transmission electron microscopy and low temperature magneto-transport measurements...
October 14, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27713540/polar-superhelices-in-ferroelectric-chiral-nanosprings
#14
Takahiro Shimada, Le Van Lich, Koyo Nagano, Jian-Shan Wang, Jie Wang, Takayuki Kitamura
Topological objects of nontrivial spin or dipolar field textures, such as skyrmions, merons, and vortices, interacting with applied external fields in ferroic materials are of great scientific interest as an intriguing playground of unique physical phenomena and novel technological paradigms. The quest for new topological configurations of such swirling field textures has primarily been done for magnets with Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interactions, while the absence of such intrinsic chiral interactions among electric dipoles left ferroelectrics aside in this quest...
October 7, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27709110/why-we-move-social-mobility-behaviors-of-non-disabled-and-disabled-children-across-childcare-contexts
#15
Samuel W Logan, Samantha Mae Ross, Melynda A Schreiber, Heather A Feldner, Michele A Lobo, Michele A Catena, Megan MacDonald, James C Galloway
BACKGROUND: Social mobility is defined as the co-occurrence of self-directed locomotion and direct peer interaction. Social mobility is a product of dynamic child-environment interactions and thus likely to vary across contexts (e.g., classroom, gymnasium, and playground). PURPOSE: The purpose of this present study was to examine differences in children's social mobility: (1) across contexts by age and (2) between non-disabled and disabled children. METHOD: Participants (n = 55 non-disabled and three disabled children; Mage = 3...
2016: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27685336/structurally-flexible-and-solution-stable-ln4tm8-oh-8-l-8-o2cr-8-meoh-y-clo4-4-a-playground-for-magnetic-refrigeration
#16
Thomas N Hooper, Ross Inglis, Giulia Lorusso, Jakub Ujma, Perdita E Barran, Dusan Uhrin, Jürgen Schnack, Stergios Piligkos, Marco Evangelisti, Euan K Brechin
The family of compounds of general formula [Ln(III)4TM(II)8(OH)8(L)8(O2CR)8(MeOH)y](ClO4)4 {[Gd4Zn8(OH)8(hmp)8(O2C(i)Pr)8](ClO4)4 (1a); [Y4Zn8(OH)8(hmp)8(O2C(i)Pr)8](ClO4)4 (1b); [Gd4Cu8(OH)8(hmp)8(O2C(i)Pr)8](ClO4)4 (2a); [Y4Cu8(OH)8(hmp)8(O2C(i)Pr)8](ClO4)4 (2b); [Gd4Cu8(OH)8(hep)8(O2C(i)Pr)8](ClO4)4 (3a); [Gd4Cu8(OH)8(Hpdm)8(O2C(t)Bu)8](ClO4)4 (4a); [Gd4Cu8(OH)8(ea)8(O2CMe)8](ClO4)4 (5a); [Gd4Ni8(OH)8(hmp)8(O2CEt)8(MeOH)6](ClO4)4 (6a); [Y4Ni8(OH)8(hmp)8(O2CEt)8(MeOH)6](ClO4)4 (6b); [Gd4Co8(OH)8(hmp)8(O2CEt)8(MeOH)6](ClO4)4 (7a); [Y4Co8(OH)8(hmp)8(O2CEt)8(MeOH)6](ClO4)4 (7b)} can be formed very simply and in high yields from the reaction of Ln(NO3)3·6H2O and TM(ClO4)2·6H2O and the appropriate ligand blend in a mixture of CH2Cl2 and MeOH in the presence of a suitable base...
October 17, 2016: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27661248/commentary-on-effect-of-playground-environments-on-the-physical-activity-of-children-with-ambulatory-cerebral-palsy
#17
Stacy M Menz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Pediatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27661247/effect-of-playground-environments-on-the-physical-activity-of-children-with-ambulatory-cerebral-palsy
#18
Brenda Pratt, Nancy S Hartshorne, Pam Mullens, Mary Lou Schilling, Sarah Fuller, Emily Pisani
PURPOSE: To compare the effect of 2 different playground environments on the physical activity of children with ambulatory cerebral palsy during their playground play. METHODS: Five 7- to 8-year-old children with cerebral palsy (Gross Motor Functional Classification System [GMFCS] level II) participated. Using an alternating treatment, single-subject design, stride patterns were obtained using an activity monitor on an Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)-compliant and noncompliant playground...
2016: Pediatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27649359/asymmetric-reinstatement-effects-in-recognition
#19
Shaan S Shahabuddin, Steven M Smith
Our experiment examined two questions: (1) Does reinstating a studied context affect recognition of an associated word, and (2) Does reinstating a studied word affect recognition of an associated context? After encoding 75 words, each of which was shown superimposed over a different 5-sec video of an environment (e.g., a playground, a traffic scene, or a grocery store), participants were asked to recognize 50 of the words and 50 of the video scenes. On the test, half of the studied words were shown superimposed over the same video contexts that had been present at encoding, and half were shown over new scenes...
October 2016: Journal of General Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27633617/where-are-children-active-and-does-it-matter-for-physical-activity-a-latent-transition-analysis
#20
Natalie Colabianchi, Jamie L Griffin, Kerry L McIver, Marsha Dowda, Russell R Pate
BACKGROUND: Numerous studies have focused on the role of environments in promoting physical activity, but few studies have examined the specific locations where children are active and whether being active in these locations is associated with physical activity levels over time. METHODS: Self-reported locations of where physical activity occurred and physical activity measured via accelerometry were obtained for a cohort of 520 children in 5(th) and 6(th) grades...
August 24, 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
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